# Tagged Questions

**35**

votes

**0**answers

824 views

### “Gross-Zagier” formulae outside of number theory

The Gross-Zagier formula and various variations of it form the starting point in most of the existing results towards the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture. It relates the value at $1$ of the ...

**29**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Minimal volume of 4-manifolds

This question came up in a talk of Dieter Kotschick yesterday. The minimal volume of a manifold is the infimum of volumes of Riemannian metrics on the manifold with sectional curvatures bounded in ...

**19**

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**0**answers

1k views

**17**

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**0**answers

596 views

### Are the eigenvalues of the Laplacian of a generic Kähler metric simple?

It is a theorem of Uhlenbeck that for a generic Riemannian metric, the Laplacian acting on functions has simple eigenvalues, i.e., all the eigenspaces are 1-dimensional. (Here "generic" means the set ...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

311 views

### Negative Einstein manifolds

In Besse's "EInstein manifolds", p. 354, the question is posed if the volume of Einstein metrics on a given compact manifold (normalized such that $Ric=\pm(n-1)g$) take only finitely many values.
For ...

**13**

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**0**answers

476 views

### Applications of Berger's Curvature Estimate

I'm interested in applications of the following estimate of Berger on the Riemann curvature tensor:
Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n \geq 4$, let $p \in M$, and assume that the ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Canonical Immersion of the Double Torus

It is easy to check that the immersion $\mathbb{T}^2=\mathbb{S}^1\times \mathbb{S}^1\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}^4$, $(\alpha,\beta)\longmapsto(\cos\alpha,\sin\alpha,\cos\beta,\sin\beta)$ induces the ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

345 views

### Best metrics on exotic R^4

What is known about the existence of complete metrics with good properties (e.g., Einstein, constant scalar curvature, etc...) on exotic ${\bf R}^4$s? Note, that some exotic ${\bf R}^4$s have ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

270 views

### Is it overkill to invoke Kirszbraun theorem to prove the following fact ?

Given a small enough convex triangle $(abc)$ in a (smooth or Alexandrov) surface $(X,d)$ of curvature greater than $-1$, let $(\overline{abc})$ be its comparison triangle in $\mathbb{H}^2$. Then there ...

**9**

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**0**answers

413 views

### Killing spinors and symmetric tensor fields.

Hi all,
I have a question of the following form: Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian spin manifold which admits a Killing spinor $\sigma$ and let $h:T M \to T M$ be a symmetric, trace-free and ...

**8**

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**0**answers

293 views

### Reference - Asymptotic geodesics on compact surfaces without conjugate points

I would like to ask about possible references on the following problem: consider a compact surface and a metric without conjugate points. Consider it's universal covering endowed whith the lifting of ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

207 views

### Exhaustion of an open manifold of bounded curvature and finite volume

In the Cheeger-Gromov paper "On the Characteristic Numbers of Complete Manifolds of Bounded Curvature and Finite Volume",
http://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~aar/papers/cheegergr1.pdf,
the authors make the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

173 views

### Flat manifolds and irreducible representations

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold with vanishing curvature of Levi-Civita connection. Such manifolds were classified by Bieberbach; sometimes they are called Bieberbach manifolds. According to ...

**7**

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**0**answers

266 views

### Is the heat kernel more spread out with a smaller metric?

Suppose M is a smooth manifold, and we have two Riemannian metrics on M, say g and h, with g bigger than h (i.e. for every tangent vector at every point, the norm according to g is bigger than the ...

**7**

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**0**answers

160 views

### Tangent space, metrics etc. on simplicial sets

Is there a way to attach some sensible notion of tangent space to a simplicial set? If yes, is it possible to transfer typical local data from differential geometry such as metrics to this setting?
...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

497 views

### Homometric $\Rightarrow$ isometric?

Suppose you know that there is a mapping between
two Riemmanian manifolds $M_1$ and $M_2$ such that,
for each $x_1 \in M_1$, the (codimension-1) measure of the set of points
at distance $d$ from $x_1$ ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

211 views

### About Palais' remark that an isometry of Riemannian manifolds does not induce an isometry of the Hilbert manifolds of curves

In the paper ``Morse theory on Hilbert manifolds'' (1963), on page
326, Richard Palais makes a remark that if $\phi\colon V \to W$ is an
isometry (of submanifolds of $\mathbb{R}^n$), then this does ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

219 views

### Negative curvature in the middle of $R^{3}$

What's a simple example of metric on $R^{3}$ which has negative scalar curvature inside of a (limited) set N, and is equal to the standard (Euclidean) metric outside?
Basically, I am asking for a ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

188 views

### Different complexifications of a real analytic Riemannian manifold

Hi,
I have a question concerning the complexification of a real analytic Riemannian manifold. Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold. It is a well knwon fact that in a neighbourhood $U$ of the ...

**6**

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**0**answers

279 views

### Compactness of solutions to parabolic equations (parabolic regularity)

I am working on a Ricci flow $(\mathcal{M} , g(t))$, for which the conjugate heat operator is $\Box ^* := - \partial _t - \Delta + R$, where $R$ is the scalar curvature.
For each $s>0$, I have a ...

**6**

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**0**answers

1k views

### Geometric Proof that Fubini-Study Metric is Round

The Fubini-Study metric d(x,y) on $CP^1$ is defined as follows: for x and y in $CP^1$ let v and w be unit vectors in $C^2$ representing x and y. Then $d(x,y)=2arccos(\langle v,w\rangle)$. The round ...

**5**

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**0**answers

74 views

### Short examples that are/are not quantum-ergodic

Are there any considerably short examples of manifolds that are/aren't quantum ergodic, or quantum unique ergodic?
Note that a (compact) Riemannian manifold is said to be quantum ergodic if ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### average Riemannian distance between Identiity and a random point in SO(n) or SU(n)

I can compute the even moments of the Riemannian distance $d(Id, U)$ between the identity element and a uniformly chosen point on say $SU(n)$. But the odd moments elude me. Basically one needs to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Isometries of Compact Semisimple Lie Groups

In this delightful question, the poster mentioned that the isometry group of a compact Lie group $G$, equipped with the metric from the Killing form, is $G\times G/Z(G)$, where $Z(G)$ is the center of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Bi-Lipschitz classification of germs of conformal metrics at a singularity

First let me introduce some definitions.
By a germ of conformal metrics at a singularity, or simply a germ, I mean a conformal Riemannian metric $g$ defined on a punctured neighborhood $U$ of $0$ in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Isometries of hyper-Kähler manifolds

For the purposes of this question, a hyper-Kähler manifold will be a complete connected Riemannian manifold $(\mathcal{M},g)$ whose holonomy representation is isomorphic to the natural representation ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### tangent developable surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $C$ be a regular curve embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$ (i.e. a real 1-dimensional manifold embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$). Let $S$ be the union of its affine tangent lines:
$$S=\bigcup\limits_{p\in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

220 views

### non compact riemannian manifolds

According to Gromoll and Meyer:
Let M be a complete non-compact Riemannian manifold of positive sectional curvature. Then M is diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$.
Thus, I think to classify ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

255 views

### Averaging lengths and distances

A natural way in which Finsler metrics appear in Riemannian geometry is as averages of Riemannian metrics (e.g., the average of the arc-length elements
$\sqrt{dx^2 + dy^2}$ and $\sqrt{2dx^2 + 3dy^2}$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Gromov-Haussdorf and Lipschitz convergence of a non-collapsing sequence of manifolds with Ricci curvature bounded below

There is a theorem from Cheeger-Colding saying the following:
Let $n$ be an integer. If a sequence of $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifolds $(M_i,g_i)$ converges with respect to the Gromov-Hausdorff ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### How to generate a random (Weyl) curvature operator ?

Given a dimension $n$, the space of curvature operators is the space $S^2_B(\Lambda^2\mathbb{R}^n)$ of symmetric endomorphisms $R$ of $\Lambda^2\mathbb{R}^n$ which satisfy the first Bianchi identity :
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Can a simple Riemannian metric on the disc be extended to a Zoll metric on the sphere?

Given a simple Riemannian metric $(D,g)$ on the two-disc---its geodesics have no conjugate point and the boundary of the disc is strictly convex---, is it possible to embed $(D,g)$ isometrically into ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

703 views

### “The famous Lusternik-Schnirelmann Theorem of the Three Closed Geodesics”

The title is a quote from p.256 of Wilhelm Klingenberg's 1995
Riemannian Geometry (Google Books link):
Every surface homeomorphic to a sphere $\mathbb{S}^2$ has three distinct, simple, closed ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

273 views

### Constant scalar curvature+Constant $\sigma_2(C_g)$ curvature = ?

Let $(M,g)$ be a closed, smooth, Riemannian manifold of dimension $n>4$. Suppose both the scalar curvature and norm of the Ricci tensor are constant. In addition suppose that $g$ satisfies the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

254 views

### Minimality of geodesics on incomplete manifolds

On complete Riemannian manifolds, there is a characterization of the time $t_0$ when a geodesic $c$ stops being minimizing: either $c(t_0)$ is conjugate to $c(0)$ along $c$, or there exists a geodesic ...

**4**

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**0**answers

423 views

### Almost-Kahler Einstein four manifolds

Are the odd Betti numbers of an Almost-Kahler Einstein four manifolds necessarily even ?

**3**

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**0**answers

93 views

### Bounded functions dense in Sobolev Spaces

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold. Is it always true that the subspace $C^2_b(M)\cap W^{2,p}(M)$ is dense in $W^{2, p}(M)$, where $C^2_b(M)$ denotes the space of functions that are uniformly ...

**3**

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**0**answers

145 views

### Uniqueness of scalar curvature

I'm reading Gromov's notes
http://www.ihes.fr/~gromov/topics/SpacesandQuestions.pdf
and at page 7 they say that there is a unique second order differential operator $S$ from the space of Riemannian ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Does local reducibility imply global reducibility of universal covering?

Let $M$ be a locally reducible complete Riemannian manifold, that is, for any $p \in M$, we can find an open set $U$ around $p$ and two Riemannian manifolds $X$ and $Y$ such that $U$ is isometric to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Generalized Hawking Mass

This is a fairly general question. Let $(M^3,g)$ be a Riemannian 3-manifold. Let $\Sigma^2$ be a dimension-2 submanifold of $M$. The Hawking mass of $\Sigma^2$ is defined as
$m(\Sigma^2) := ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Focal points for the exponential map and Jacobi fields

It is known that in a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, if there is a closed geodesic and a non-zero, periodic, non-constant Jacobi field along it, then M has a focal point. Is the converse true? That is ...

**3**

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**0**answers

61 views

### Hessian eigenspaces form integrable distributions on a Riemannian manifold?

Suppose $M$ is a Riemannian manifold and $f:M\to\mathbb{R}$ a differentiable function. I can form the Hessian $H$ of $f$ (with respect to the Levi-Civita connection); this is a symmetric bilinear ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### On the volume entropy of negatively curved manifolds

Let $X$ be the universal cover of a closed negatively curved Riemannian manifold. Let $x_0\in X$ be a base point, $S$ be the unit sphere in $T_{x_0}X$ and $\exp:T_{x_0}X\rightarrow X$ be the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Counterexample to volume comparison inequality assuming only scalar curvature bound?

The Gromov-Bishop volume comparison theorem says that if we have a lower bound for the Ricci curvature on $(M,g)$, then its geodesic ball has volume not greater than the geodesic ball with the same ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### $\mathbb{CP}^1$-structures and hyperbolic Gauss maps

Let $\Sigma$ be a closed surface of genus at least $2$.
Put a quasi-Fuchsian $\mathbb{CP}^1$-structure (i.e. complex projective structure) on $\Sigma$. Thus the universal cover $\tilde{\Sigma}$ is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Can we obtain topology results using analysis in metric measures spaces?

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold. It is known that a lower bound on the Ricci curvature is equivalent to the convexity of the entropy on $\mathcal{P}^2(M)$ (Von Rennesse and Sturm '05), but I ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### The Tangent Bundle of the Space of CR Structures on S^(2n+1)

Let $M$ be a smooth compact $n$-manifold without boundary, $g$ some choice of Riemannian metric on $M$, and $\omega_g$ the volume form gotten from $g$. Say you're interested in finding extrema for ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### Dimensional curvature identities

In a series of papers (1, 2, 3) P. Gilkey et al. discuss certain identities satisfied by the curvature tensor of a (pseudo)-Riemannian metric.
Contrary to the Bianchi or Ricci identities, these ones ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

543 views

### On Perelman's paper

In section 5 in "The entropy formula for the Ricci flow and its geometric applications" Grisha Perelman has written:
Fix a closed manifold $M$ with a probability measure $m$, and suppose
that our ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### Is there a way to metricize the notion of $C^\infty$ convergence of pointed Riemannian manifolds?

A sequence of pointed Riemannian manifolds $(M_n,p_n,g_n)$ is said to converge $C^\infty$ to pointed Riemannian manifold $(M,p,g)$ if for each positive radius $R$ there exists sequence of embeddings ...