**23**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Does the curvature determine the metric?

Hello,
I ask myself, whether the curvature determines the metric.
Concretely: Given a compact Riemannian manifold $M$, are there two metrics $g_1$ and $g_2$, which are not everywhere flat, such that ...

**23**

votes

**10**answers

2k views

### Determining a surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ by its Gaussian curvature

A curve in the plane is determined, up to orientation-preserving
Euclidean
motions, by its curvature function, $\kappa(s)$.
Here is one of my favorite examples, from
Alfred Gray's book,
Modern ...

**42**

votes

**7**answers

5k views

### Riemannian surfaces with an explicit distance function?

I'm looking for explicit examples of Riemannian surfaces (two-dimensional Riemannian manifolds $(M,g)$) for which the distance function d(x,y) can be given explicitly in terms of local coordinates of ...

**10**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### Roadmap to learning about Ricci Flow?

Hello,
I'm curious to what books etc. one could use to understand the basics of Ricci flow, what areas of math are needed and so? What areas should one specialize in? See it as a roadmap to ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

650 views

### Characterizing Hessians among symmetric bilinear tensors

I apologize in advance if this is somewhat elementary, but:
Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold. Is there a "characterization" of which symmetric bilinear tensors $B\in Sym^2(M)$ are ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

528 views

### Limit cycles as closed geodesics(geodesible flow)

The classical Van der Pol equation is the following vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$:
\begin{equation}\cases{\dot{x}=y-(x^{3}-x)\\ \dot{y}=-x}\end{equation}
This equation defines a foliation on ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

643 views

### Uniquely geodesic and CAT(0) spaces?

Improvement after J-M Schlenker's comment below :
This post has been divided into two parts, the second part is here.
Question : Is a finite dimensional metric space, uniquely geodesic if and only ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

155 views

### A geometric property of singular matrices

Let $S\subset M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ be the singular points of the equation $Det=0$. That is $S$ is the critical points of the determinant function.
What matrices belongs to $S$, precisely?
Let ...

**24**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### A geometric interpretation of the Levi-Civita connection?

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. There exists a unique torsion-free connection in the (co)tangent bundle of $M$ such that the metric of $M$ is covariantly constant. This connection is called the ...

**32**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Is the Laplacian on a manifold the limit of graph Laplacians?

Here's the sort of thing I have in mind. Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold, compact if it helps, and let $\Delta_M$ be the Laplace-Beltrami operator. Choose a sequence of triangulations of $M$ so ...

**15**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Curvature and Parallel Transport

Here is an updated formulation of the question, which is more precise and I think completely correct:
Suppose $M$ is a Riemannian manifold. Pick a point $p$ in $M$ and let $U$ be a neighborhood of ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

477 views

### Which vector bundle are the Christoffel symbols sections of?

The collection of Christoffel symbols $\Gamma_{ij}^k$ of a connection (or of a metric) on a smooth manifold $M$ is not the collection of components of a tensor field in some local chart, i.e. they ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

**14**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### What is the analog of the “Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves,” for surfaces, and beyond?

The "Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves"
(Wikipedia link; MathWorld link)
states that there is a unique (up to congruence)
curve in space that simultaneously realizes
given continuous curvature ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

694 views

### Riemann's formula for the metric in a normal neighborhood

I would love to understand the famous formula $g_{ij}(x) = \delta_{ij} + \frac{1}{3}R_{kijl}x^kx^l +O(||x||^3)$, which is valid in Riemannian normal coordinates and possibly more general situations.
...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

749 views

### Is there a unified reason that there are an infinite number of geodesics between nonconjugate points on a compact manifold?

The proof of this statement seems to break into two really different arguments. So, I'm wondering if there is a better argument that can explain them both, or whether it's really just two theorems ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

892 views

### Equations satisfied by the Riemann curvature tensor

It is well known that the Riemann curvature tensor of a metric satisfies
\begin{eqnarray}
R_{jikl}=-R_{ijkl}=R_{ijlk},(1)\\
R_{klij}=R_{ijkl},(2)\\
R_{i[jkl]}=0 \mbox{(1st Bianchi identity)}.(3)
...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

864 views

### If there is a dense geodesic, are almost all geodesics equidistributed? Dense?

Let $M$ be a complete finite volume Riemannian manifold and $\gamma : \mathbb{R}^{\geq 0} \to M$ a geodesic. Suppose that $\mathrm{im}(\gamma)$ is dense. Is it equidistributed in the Riemannian ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

679 views

### Does the gluing procedure in Robert Wald’s book *General Relativity* yield a Hausdorff spacetime?

Before I state my problem, let me provide some definitions pertaining to the Cauchy Problem in General Relativity.
Definition 1: A triplet $ (\Sigma,h,k) $ is called an initial data set if $ ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Global description of the Levi-Civita connection

I'm interested in finding a global (coordinate-free) description of the Levi-Civita connection on a (possibly infinite-dimensional) Riemannian manifold X.
I'm not looking for a description of this ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

531 views

### Ricci curvature of the symplectic group

Is the Ricci curvature of the compact symplectic group $Sp(n)$ bounded below by $cn$ for some constant $c > 0$ independent of $n$?
For $O(n)$ and $U(n)$ I know many references which state such a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

361 views

### Proof of the general expression for anomaly in a CFT and its partition function

I think the statement is that for any dimensional CFT the following is true,
$$\langle T^{\mu}_\mu \rangle = \sum B_n I_n - 2(-1)^{d/2}AE_d,$$
where $E_d$ is the `"Euler density" and $I_n$ are ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Area of distance sphere in manifold with Ricci $\ge 0$.

Let $M$ be a open complete manifold with Ricci curvature $\ge 0$.
By a theorem of Calabi and Yau, the volume growth of $M$ is at least of linear.
I am wondering whether the following statement is ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

312 views

### If all balls around two points are isometric… — manifold version

This question is a natural follow-up of this other question, asked earlier today by wspin.
Let's say that a metric space $(X,d)$ has two poles if:
there are two distinct points $x$, $y$ such that ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

634 views

### volume of compact simple Lie groups under the natural Euclidean embedding

I am looking for a quick reference for the volume formula for all the compact simple Lie groups embedded as matrix groups in the natural way. The one I care most for are the real orthogonal groups. I ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

884 views

### Reference request: Geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic

I'm reading about the Mostow's rigidity theorem, and the proof uses the following (maybe well-known) result:
The geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic.
The lecture note that ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

549 views

### Surfaces all of whose geodesics are both closed and simple

The Zoll surfaces have the property that all of their geodesics are closed.
If one futher stipulates that all geodesics are also simple, i.e., non-self-intersecting,
does this leave only the sphere?
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### Commutative spectral triples

The corresponence between compact Hausdorff topological spaces and commutative unital $C^*$-algebras is rather well known: Gelfand Najmark theorem gives perfect correspondence between these ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

233 views

### What are Euler density and Weyl invariants?

I would like to know as to what is the definition and significance of what are called "Euler density" and "Weyl invariants" (of weight $-d$ on a $d-$manifold)
Do many (which?) of them vanish when ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### Length spectrum and Zoll surfaces of revolution

The earlier MO question, "Length spectrum of spheres," asked if the length spectrum of closed
geodesics determines the metric on $S^2$, and the answer was a clear No due to Zoll surfaces,
all of whose ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

426 views

### The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise (exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of Do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

315 views

### Lie derivative of curvature

Let $M$ be a Kahler manifold, with Kahler metric $g$. Let $X$ be a holomorphic Killing vector field of $g$, i.e. $L_{X} g = 0$, where $L_{X}$ is the Lie derivative along $X$. Let $R$ be the Riemannian ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

345 views

### Voronoi cells and the dual complexes in Riemannian manifolds

I would like to use some "intuitively clear" properties of Voronoi cells in general Riemannian manifolds, but I have trouble finding references.
Let $(X,d)$ be a connected Riemannian manifold and ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

559 views

### How submanifolds evolve under Ricci flow?

This may be very naive, since I just started trying to learn Ricci flow; but I couldn't really find any answer after looking for a while in all the textbooks and lecture notes I found online...
...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

330 views

### Are negatively pinched manifold locally conformally flat?

One knows that hyperbolic manifolds are locally conformally flat.
How about those negatively pinched manifolds, i.e. the sectional curvature $K$ satisfy:
$$
-\Lambda \le K \le -\lambda$$
for ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

435 views

### Isometry group of pseudo Riemannian manifold always a Lie group? (Myers-Steenrod)

Myers-Steenrod states that the isometry group of a Riemannian manifold is a Lie group. Is that also true for pseudo Riemannian manifolds? I didn't find anything related to that.
Cheers

**3**

votes

**2**answers

529 views

### A Converse to the Gauss Bonnet Theorem

Let $S$ be a compact surface in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ with the gauss normal map $N:S\to \mathbb{S}^{2}$. Assme that $\phi;\mathbb{S}^{2}\to S$ is a diffeomorphism. Put $F=N\circ \phi$ and represent ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

351 views

### Hypersurfaces and Elliptic Points

I'm reading a paper, in which we have $M^n$ an n-dimensional compact hypersurface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. We take the scalar cuvature $R$ to be the elementary symmetric polynomial of degree 2 ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Metric Connections on a Lie Group

A Lie group has three standard Cartan connections; the (-)-connection, the (0)-connection, and the (+)-connection. The (0)-connection is Levi-Civita with the associated metric the bi-invariant metric. ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

689 views

### Is there any progress on Problem 12 (from Schoen and Yau)?

I saw the following question from the "Problem Section" in Schoen and Yau, page 281, problem 12:
Let $M_1, M_2$ each have negative curvature. If $\pi_1 (M_1)=\pi_1 (M_2)$, prove that $M_1$ is ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

599 views

### is there a global obstruction for a diffeomorphism to be an isometry?

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional vector space.
Let us call an automorphism $T:V\rightarrow V$ admissible if there exists an inner product $\langle , \rangle$ on $V$ making $T$ an isometry.
We know ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

715 views

### Orthogonal complements in Hilbert bundles

It's a standard fact that for a finite-dimensional vector bundle with an inner product, the othogonal complement of any subbundle is itself a locally trivial vector bundle.
What is known about the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Is there a lower bound for variance in terms of curvature?

If the Gaussian curvature of the metric $g= f^2(x,y)(dx^2+dy^2)$ is nonzero then $f$ cannot be constant. This can be expressed by stating that the (probabilistic) variance $Var(f)$ of $f$ is nonzero ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

224 views

### Examples on small cut radius of totally convex set in non-negatively curved manifold

Suppose $M^n$ is an open complete nonnegatively curved Riemannian manifold. In Cheeger-Gromoll's proof of the soul theorem. They need an estimate on the cut radius of a totally convex set $C$. By a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### Why don't $\mathbb{T}^n, \mathbb{S}^n, \mathbb{H}^n$ admit other metrics of constant curvature?

The torus $\mathbb{T}^n$, the sphere $\mathbb{S}^n$ and the hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^n$ admit metrics of constant (sectional) curvature $0, 1, -1$ respectively. Do they afford metrics of constant ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

796 views

### Retraction of a Riemannian manifold with boundary to its cut locus

This question is edited following the comment of Joseph. He pointed out that the main object of the first vesrion of this question is the cut locus.
Recall that the cut locus of a set $S$ in a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

337 views

### Minimal distance spheres in complex projective spaces

My question has to do with distance spheres in $\mathbb CP^{n+1}$. I am interested in knowing what is the radius $r$ of a distance sphere $S(r)$ around a point that makes it a minimal submanifold ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### Bounded functions dense in Sobolev Spaces

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold. Is it always true that the subspace $C^2_b(M)\cap W^{2,p}(M)$ is dense in $W^{2, p}(M)$, where $C^2_b(M)$ denotes the space of functions that are uniformly ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

126 views

### The “Rolle theorem” for sections of a vector bundle

1)Assume that $E\to M$ is a smooth real vector bundle and $\nabla$ is a connection. (We do not assume any metric compatibility since we do not fix a metric on $E$). Assume that ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

180 views

### Frobenius Condition for a specific first order pde

I would appreciate it if Someone would be kind enough to share some insights about the following question:
Suppose $(M,g)$ is a 3 dimensional Riemannian manifold. Consider the following system of ...