**30**

votes

**2**answers

4k views

### Does the curvature determine the metric?

Hello,
I ask myself, whether the curvature determines the metric.
Concretely: Given a compact Riemannian manifold $M$, are there two metrics $g_1$ and $g_2$, which are not everywhere flat, such that ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

854 views

### Limit cycles as closed geodesics(in negatively curved space)

The classical Van der Pol equation is the following vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$:
\begin{equation}\cases{\dot{x}=y-(x^{3}-x)\\ \dot{y}=-x}\end{equation}
This equation defines a foliation on ...

**26**

votes

**10**answers

3k views

### Determining a surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ by its Gaussian curvature

A curve in the plane is determined, up to orientation-preserving
Euclidean
motions, by its curvature function, $\kappa(s)$.
Here is one of my favorite examples, from
Alfred Gray's book,
Modern ...

**46**

votes

**7**answers

5k views

### Riemannian surfaces with an explicit distance function?

I'm looking for explicit examples of Riemannian surfaces (two-dimensional Riemannian manifolds $(M,g)$) for which the distance function d(x,y) can be given explicitly in terms of local coordinates of ...

**12**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### Roadmap to learning about Ricci Flow?

Hello,
I'm curious to what books etc. one could use to understand the basics of Ricci flow, what areas of math are needed and so? What areas should one specialize in? See it as a roadmap to ...

**26**

votes

**5**answers

4k views

### A geometric interpretation of the Levi-Civita connection?

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. There exists a unique torsion-free connection in the (co)tangent bundle of $M$ such that the metric of $M$ is covariantly constant. This connection is called the ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Riemann's formula for the metric in a normal neighborhood

I would love to understand the famous formula $g_{ij}(x) = \delta_{ij} + \frac{1}{3}R_{kijl}x^kx^l +O(||x||^3)$, which is valid in Riemannian normal coordinates and possibly more general situations.
...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

888 views

### Characterizing Hessians among symmetric bilinear tensors

I apologize in advance if this is somewhat elementary, but:
Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold. Is there a "characterization" of which symmetric bilinear tensors $B\in Sym^2(M)$ are ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Totally Geodesic Submanifolds

Suppose that $N$ is a totally geodesic submanifold of a complete Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$. Is it the case that a geodesic segment that minimizes length in the submanifold $N$ also minimizes length ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Nonnegative to Positive Curvature.

This questions asks for your intuition and insight as I'm surprised by how little is known about the difference between nonnegative and positive curvature. I don't want to be completely vague, so I ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

558 views

### Curvature as metric invariant

This is quite well-known: the ONLY metric invariants are curvature, its higher
derivatives, and any possible contractions between them.
The meaning of an invariant is, to put it simply, a tensor ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

795 views

### Solutions of equations characterizing a complex structure

Let $(S^n,g)$ denote the unit $n$-sphere endowed with its induced metric $g$ from its embedding into $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. The Levi-Civita connection of $g$ induces a splitting of the tangent bundle of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

604 views

### Surfaces all of whose geodesics are both closed and simple

The Zoll surfaces have the property that all of their geodesics are closed.
If one futher stipulates that all geodesics are also simple, i.e., non-self-intersecting,
does this leave only the sphere?
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### Commutative spectral triples

The corresponence between compact Hausdorff topological spaces and commutative unital $C^*$-algebras is rather well known: Gelfand Najmark theorem gives perfect correspondence between these ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

796 views

### Uniquely geodesic and CAT(0) spaces?

Improvement after J-M Schlenker's comment below :
This post has been divided into two parts, the second part is here.
Question : Is a finite dimensional metric space, uniquely geodesic if and only ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

407 views

### On Eigenspace of a Bundle Map which is the horizontal part of a complex structure on $TM$

Let $(M^{n+m},g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and let $\mathcal{H}(TM) \subseteq TTM$ be the horizontal space associated to the Levi-Civita connection of $g$. Let $\bar{J} : TTM \longrightarrow ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

421 views

### Sharp Gaussian upper bounds on Heat Kernel

I am looking for references (with proof) for the following statement:
Let $(M, g)$ be a Riemannian manifold with bounded curvature and let $p_t(x , y)$ be the heat kernel of $M$. Let $K$ be ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

206 views

### A geometric property of singular matrices

Let $S\subset M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ be the singular points of the equation $Det=0$. That is $S$ is the critical points of the determinant function.
What matrices belongs to $S$, precisely?
Let ...

**17**

votes

**11**answers

6k views

### Open Questions in Riemannian Geometry

What are some major open problems in Riemannian Geometry? I tried googling it, but couldn't find any resources.

**33**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Is the Laplacian on a manifold the limit of graph Laplacians?

Here's the sort of thing I have in mind. Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold, compact if it helps, and let $\Delta_M$ be the Laplace-Beltrami operator. Choose a sequence of triangulations of $M$ so ...

**16**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Curvature and Parallel Transport

Here is an updated formulation of the question, which is more precise and I think completely correct:
Suppose $M$ is a Riemannian manifold. Pick a point $p$ in $M$ and let $U$ be a neighborhood of ...

**23**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

**4**

votes

**2**answers

511 views

### Which vector bundle are the Christoffel symbols sections of?

The collection of Christoffel symbols $\Gamma_{ij}^k$ of a connection (or of a metric) on a smooth manifold $M$ is not the collection of components of a tensor field in some local chart, i.e. they ...

**16**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### When is the time evolution of a Hamiltonian system described by the geodesic flow on a Riemannian manifold?

Here is my precise question. Let $M, \omega$ be a symplectic manifold and let $H: M \to \mathbb{R}$ be any smooth function. The symplectic form gives rise to an isomorphism between the tangent ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

957 views

### If there is a dense geodesic, are almost all geodesics equidistributed? Dense?

Let $M$ be a complete finite volume Riemannian manifold and $\gamma : \mathbb{R}^{\geq 0} \to M$ a geodesic. Suppose that $\mathrm{im}(\gamma)$ is dense. Is it equidistributed in the Riemannian ...

**14**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### What is the analog of the “Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves,” for surfaces, and beyond?

The "Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves"
(Wikipedia link; MathWorld link)
states that there is a unique (up to congruence)
curve in space that simultaneously realizes
given continuous curvature ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

803 views

### Is there a unified reason that there are an infinite number of geodesics between nonconjugate points on a compact manifold?

The proof of this statement seems to break into two really different arguments. So, I'm wondering if there is a better argument that can explain them both, or whether it's really just two theorems ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Laplace-Beltrami Operator on Surfaces

I would like to know what is known about the spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on 2-dimensional negatively curved surfaces of constant curvature.
For instance,
What is the spectrum of the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

744 views

### The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise (exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...

**24**

votes

**1**answer

560 views

### Do free higher homotopy classes of compact Riemannian manifolds have preferred representatives?

A well known theorem of Cartan states that every free homotopy class of closed paths in a compact Riemannian manifold is represented by a closed geodesic (theorem 2.2 of Do Carmo, chapter 12, for ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Equations satisfied by the Riemann curvature tensor

It is well known that the Riemann curvature tensor of a metric satisfies
\begin{eqnarray}
R_{jikl}=-R_{ijkl}=R_{ijlk},(1)\\
R_{klij}=R_{ijkl},(2)\\
R_{i[jkl]}=0 \mbox{(1st Bianchi identity)}.(3)
...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

720 views

### Can a manifold have a curvature-free connection that is not torsion-free?

Suppose I have a smooth manifold with a tangent bundle, and I have a connection. If this connection is curvature-free, is it guaranteed to be torsion-free? (I am not assuming a metric, just a ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Riemannian metric on a flag variety

$\def\C{\mathbb{C}}\def\CP{\mathbb{CP}}$Every complex projective space $\CP^n$ has a natural Riemannian metric, the Fubini–Study metric, which is defined via the quotient definition of $\CP^n = ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

851 views

### Obtain Lorentzian manifolds from Riemannian ones by Wick rotation

In some cases, Wick rotation of a metric, formally consisting in substituting a coordinate with i times the coordinate itself, allows one to construct a Riemannian manifold starting from a Lorentzian ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

756 views

### Does the gluing procedure in Robert Wald’s book *General Relativity* yield a Hausdorff spacetime?

Before I state my problem, let me provide some definitions pertaining to the Cauchy Problem in General Relativity.
Definition 1: A triplet $ (\Sigma,h,k) $ is called an initial data set if $ ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

443 views

### Simple, closed geodesics in $\mathbb{S}^3$ manifold

Lyusternik and Shnirel'man were the first to prove
Poincaré's conjecture that any Riemannian metric on $\mathbb{S}^2$ has
at least three simple (non-self-intersecting), closed geodesics.
See, e.g., ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Reference request: Geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic

I'm reading about the Mostow's rigidity theorem, and the proof uses the following (maybe well-known) result:
The geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic.
The lecture note that ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Global description of the Levi-Civita connection

I'm interested in finding a global (coordinate-free) description of the Levi-Civita connection on a (possibly infinite-dimensional) Riemannian manifold X.
I'm not looking for a description of this ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

561 views

### Ricci curvature of the symplectic group

Is the Ricci curvature of the compact symplectic group $Sp(n)$ bounded below by $cn$ for some constant $c > 0$ independent of $n$?
For $O(n)$ and $U(n)$ I know many references which state such a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

392 views

### Proof of the general expression for anomaly in a CFT and its partition function

I think the statement is that for any dimensional CFT the following is true,
$$\langle T^{\mu}_\mu \rangle = \sum B_n I_n - 2(-1)^{d/2}AE_d,$$
where $E_d$ is the `"Euler density" and $I_n$ are ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Area of distance sphere in manifold with Ricci $\ge 0$.

Let $M$ be a open complete manifold with Ricci curvature $\ge 0$.
By a theorem of Calabi and Yau, the volume growth of $M$ is at least of linear.
I am wondering whether the following statement is ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

344 views

### If all balls around two points are isometric… — manifold version

This question is a natural follow-up of this other question, asked earlier today by wspin.
Let's say that a metric space $(X,d)$ has two poles if:
there are two distinct points $x$, $y$ such that ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is there a global obstruction for a diffeomorphism to be an isometry?

Let $V$ be a finite dimensional vector space.
Let us call an automorphism $T:V\rightarrow V$ admissible if there exists an inner product $\langle , \rangle$ on $V$ making $T$ an isometry.
We know ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

764 views

### volume of compact simple Lie groups under the natural Euclidean embedding

I am looking for a quick reference for the volume formula for all the compact simple Lie groups embedded as matrix groups in the natural way. The one I care most for are the real orthogonal groups. I ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

354 views

### Injectivity radius of the Sasaki metric

Let $(Q,g)$ be a (compact) Riemannian manifold with injectivity radius $\rho>0$. There is a natural metric $\tilde g$ on the tangent bundle $TQ$ which is known as the Sasaki metric and which makes ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

357 views

### Are negatively pinched manifold locally conformally flat?

One knows that hyperbolic manifolds are locally conformally flat.
How about those negatively pinched manifolds, i.e. the sectional curvature $K$ satisfy:
$$
-\Lambda \le K \le -\lambda$$
for ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Finitely generated projective modules over the algebra of sections of the Clifford bundle

Consider a (pseudo-)Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ and the corresponding Clifford bundle $Cl_g(T^*M)$. Let $R$ be the algebra of sections of $CL_g(T^*M)$, with point-wise multiplication. What are the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

591 views

### A Converse to the Gauss Bonnet Theorem

Let $S$ be a compact surface in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ with the gauss normal map $N:S\to \mathbb{S}^{2}$. Assme that $\phi;\mathbb{S}^{2}\to S$ is a diffeomorphism. Put $F=N\circ \phi$ and represent ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Involution on the set of isomorphism classes of 2n-dimensional vector bundles induced by an involution of $O(2n)$

Denote by $\varphi$ the automorphism of $O(2n)$ given by $\varphi (A)=det(A)\cdot A$.This induces a self-map $B\varphi$ of $BO(n)$, so it induces a self-map (actually an involution)
$B\varphi ^*$ on ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

420 views

### What are Euler density and Weyl invariants?

I would like to know as to what is the definition and significance of what are called "Euler density" and "Weyl invariants" (of weight $-d$ on a $d-$manifold)
Do many (which?) of them vanish when ...