**5**

votes

**2**answers

185 views

### How to define the square root of $1-\Delta $?

If $M$ is a Riemannian manifold with $\Delta $ its Laplacian, how can we define $(1-\Delta)^{1/2}$?
The book I am reading says that $(1-\Delta)^{1/2}$ is an invertible first-order pseudo-differential ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Shortest geodesic loop vs. shortest periodic geodesic

Are there simple conditions on a Riemannian metric on the two-sphere that imply that a geodesic loop of minimal length is actually a periodic geodesic?
For example, is this true for small ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Riemannian metric and Volume form for $SE(n)$ and/or $E(n)$

I wonder what happens when you construct the Tiling spaces considering the natural action of $SE(n)$ or $E(n)$ rather than $\mathbb R^n$. In order to do that, I need to understand both the (left ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

310 views

### Limit cycles as closed geodesics(geodesiable flow)

The classical Van der Pol equation is the following vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$:
\begin{equation}\cases{\dot{x}=y-(x^{3}-x)\\ \dot{y}=-x}\end{equation}
This equation defines a foliation on ...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

819 views

### Can anyone give an example of Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian Manifold that is not flat?

Does there exist a Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian manifold which is geodesic complete but not flat? And is there any theorm about Ricci-flat but not flat?
I am especially interset in the case ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

201 views

### curvature and volume growth

Let $M$ be a non-compact connected Riemannian manifold with $\mathrm{sec}_g=0$ and $\operatorname{vol} B(x,r)\geq c(n)r^n$ for any $r$, where $c(n)>0$. How to prove that $(M,g)$ is isometric to ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Holomorphic maps on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ (for n not necessarily even)

Edit according to the comment of user36931 I remove the "motivation" from the previous version and I add an statement to the first question
We consider the following two classes of smooth maps on ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

285 views

### A question on generalized Einstein metrics on four-dimensional manifolds

I am thinking of a possible generalization of Einstein metrics (or a possible characterization of Einstein metrics) on four-dimensional manifolds,
\begin{equation*}
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### Bounded Ricci curvature implies bound on Jacobi determinant?

Assume that $M$ is a complete Riemannian manifold and define for $X \in T_x M$
$$j(X) = \bigl|\det d \exp_x|_X \bigr|.$$
This is a smooth function on $TM$ for $X$ close enough to the zero section.
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Fill radius and fundamental group

I am reading M. Ramachandran and J. Wolfson's article Fill radius and fundamental group, whose main result is:
Theorem. Let $N$ be a closed Riemannian manifold. If its universal cover has fill ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

349 views

### Infinite dimensional Riemannian geometry

My current research has brought me into an area the requires me to learn some infinite dimensional Riemannian and Kähler geometry. Can someone recommend some good books or survey articles to help me ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

357 views

### Number of disjoint simple closed geodesics

According to Jairo comment on the first version of this question I revise the question as follwos;
Let $g$ be a real analytic Riemannan metric on $S^{2}$. Is it true to say that:
There are at most ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### iwaniec's conjecture

Does anyone know whether there is any geometric applications of the iwaniec's conjecture on $ l^p $ bound of beurling alfhors transform( or the complex hilbert transform). One application could have ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

84 views

### Connection on canonical $\operatorname{Spin}^\mathbb{C}$ spinor bundle on symplectic manifold

Let $W$ be the canonical $\operatorname{Spin}^\mathbb{C}$ spinor bundle on a symplectic 4-manifold $(M, \omega)$, with a compatible $J$ and $g$, so
\begin{equation}
{W_ + } = {T^{0,0}}{M^*} ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

564 views

### Manifold with all geodesics of Morse index zero but no negatively curved metric?

A closed oriented Riemannian manifold with negative sectional curvatures has the property that all its geodesics have Morse index zero.
Is there a known counterexample to the "converse": if (M,g) is ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

679 views

### Intuition for Levi-Civita connection?

Levi-Civita connection is usually defined as the unique connection which is torsion free and preserves metric.
Question Is there some intuitively transparent constructive way to define it (or ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### What is the meaning of Yang-Mills action evaluated on Levi-Civita connection?

On a Riemannian manifold $M$ with riemann curvature tensor $R_{\mu\nu\rho\sigma}$ written as (endomorphism valued) curvature two-tensor of the Levi-Civita connection $R=R_{\mu\nu}dx^\mu\wedge ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

615 views

### Existence, uniqueness, and smoothness of a solution to a first order PDE on Riemannian M

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be an $n$-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold, and let $\mathcal{A} \subset \mathcal{M}$ be an $n$-dimensional Riemannian submanifold. I wish to determine the local existence, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Solution to Seiberg-Witten monopole equation

To understand some physics problem, I want to know if there is (non-$L^2$ or $L^2$) solution to the Seiberg-Witten equation on $\mathbb{R}^4$
\begin{equation}
{D}_A \psi = 0\\
F_A^+ = ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

332 views

### Ricci curvature under rough convergence

From the work of Lott--Villani and Sturm, I know that the following fact holds:
(*) Suppose that $(M_k,g_k,dvol_{g_k})$ is a sequence of compact Riemannian manifolds of non-negative Ricci ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

320 views

### Elliptic theory on compact manifolds

Maybe this is silly.
On a bounded set $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ consider the equation
$$ \Delta u=f \quad\text{ in $\Omega$}$$
$$ u=0\quad\text{ on $\partial\Omega$}.$$
One has the following ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Short examples that are/are not quantum-ergodic

Are there any considerably short examples of manifolds that are/aren't quantum ergodic, or quantum unique ergodic?
Note that a (compact) Riemannian manifold is said to be quantum ergodic if ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

74 views

### Riemann normal coordiantes and change of metric

Le $(M,g)$ be Riemannian manifold. Fix point $p\in M$. We can define the map
$$\exp: U \subset T_p M \rightarrow M$$
$$\exp(X) = \gamma_{p,X}(1)$$
where $t\mapsto \gamma_{p,X}(t)$ is geodesic such ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

223 views

### Two questions on isometric embedding

According to the answer of the following question, I try a new version:
An special isometric embedding
Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold and $\gamma$ be a small part of a geodesic.
Is there an ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### An special isometric embedding

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold and $\gamma$ be a non closed geodesic.
Is there an isometric embedding of $M$ into some $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ which send $\gamma$ into an straight line?
The second ...

**28**

votes

**0**answers

611 views

### “Gross-Zagier” formulae outside of number theory

The Gross-Zagier formula and various variations of it form the starting point in most of the existing results towards the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture. It relates the value at $1$ of the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

289 views

### The trace of a wedge product of matrices

I'm trying understand a computation on page 371 of Besse's book on Einstein Manifolds.
I already know the curvature operator $R:\bigwedge^2\to\bigwedge^2$ may be written in block diagonal form ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### Pullback of $L^p$ functions via exponential map

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold, endowed with its exponential map $\exp: TM \longrightarrow M$. For any $C^k$- function $u$, we get the Pullback
$$ \exp^* u = u \circ \exp$$
which is in ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### tangent developable surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $C$ be a regular curve embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$ (i.e. a real 1-dimensional manifold embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$). Let $S$ be the union of its affine tangent lines:
$$S=\bigcup\limits_{p\in ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

377 views

### Reference request: Geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic

I'm reading about the Mostow's rigidity theorem, and the proof uses the following (maybe well-known) result:
The geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic.
The lecture note that ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

185 views

### Are smooth functions dense in the space $\{u \in H^1(Q) \text{ with } \Delta_\Gamma u \in L^2(Q)\}$?

Define $$Q = \bigcup_{t \in (0,T)}\Gamma \times \{t\}$$ where $\Gamma$ is a compact (without boundary) hypersurface. Assume whatever smoothness is required.
Define $L^2(Q) := L^2(0,T;L^2(\Gamma))$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Killing constant in Killing spinor equation

This is a simple question, but I can't find explicit discussion in literatures that I can find. Real/imaginary Killing spinor equation
\begin{equation}
\nabla_\mu \psi = \lambda \gamma_\mu \psi
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### Hamilton's Proof of the Tensor Maximum Principle

My questions come from Richard Hamilton's Three-Manifolds with Positive Ricci Curvature paper. I'm trying to work through parts of the paper so I can better understand the Ricci Flow for my research. ...

**4**

votes

**5**answers

501 views

### Exponential and Logarithm Mapping on Stiefel Manifold

The Stiefel Manifold is defined as
$$
\mathrm{St}(p,n):= \{ X\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times p} :\ X^T X = I_p \}.
$$
Recall that the tangent space at a point $X\in \mathrm{St}(p,n)$ is given by
$$
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

172 views

### Second derivative of Riemannian Exponential Map

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. Let us look at the Riemannian exponential function $\exp_x: T_x M \supset \mathcal{D} \longrightarrow M$.
The derivative of the exponential map can be expressed in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

149 views

### Brakke's theorem for gap in entropy between self-shrinkers

In their paper The round sphere minimizes entropy among closed self shrinkers, Colding-Ilmanen-Minicozzi-White state "It follows from Brakke's theorem that $\mathbb{R}^n$ has the least entropy of any ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

434 views

### A Converse to the Gauss Bonnet Theorem

Let $S$ be a compact surface in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ with the gauss normal map $N:S\to \mathbb{S}^{2}$. Assme that $\phi;\mathbb{S}^{2}\to S$ is a diffeomorphism. Put $F=N\circ \phi$ and represent ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

558 views

### Does the gluing procedure in Robert Wald’s book *General Relativity* yield a Hausdorff spacetime?

Before I state my problem, let me provide some definitions pertaining to the Cauchy Problem in General Relativity.
Definition 1: A triplet $ (\Sigma,h,k) $ is called an initial data set if $ ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

99 views

### Normal vector field associated to deformations of Riemannian submanifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$ and $X$ be a immersed submanifold in $M$ of dimension $k$ i.e there is a immersion $F_{0}:X \longrightarrow M$.
A deformation of the submanifold ...

**10**

votes

**8**answers

3k views

### Riemannian Geometry

I come from a background of having done undergraduate and graduate courses in General Relativity and elementary course in riemannian geometry.
Jurgen Jost's book does give somewhat of an argument ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### How to show the identity $\int_0^T \int_{\Gamma(t)}f(s,t)\;dsdt = \int_S f(\sigma)(1+(\mathbf w \cdot \mathbf n)^2)^{-\frac{1}{2}}\;d\sigma$?

I am reading this paper.
Let $\Gamma(t)$ be a smooth closed connected oriented hypersurface for each $t \in [0,T]$. Define the set $$S = \bigcup_{t \in (0,T)}\Gamma(t) \times \{t\}.$$
On page 5 of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Monograph or rich survey on infinite-dimensional Riemann manifolds

I'm working with the space of smooth curves $\mathcal{C}$ in a smooth manifold $M$, having (different, pre-determined) fixed endpoints. I'd like to endow it with a Riemann structure (I already have a ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

738 views

### What is the analog of the “Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves,” for surfaces, and beyond?

The "Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves"
(Wikipedia link; MathWorld link)
states that there is a unique (up to congruence)
curve in space that simultaneously realizes
given continuous curvature ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

45 views

### 'Convex' slices of proper actions

Consider a Lie group $G$ acting properly on a manifold $M$. Then by the slice theorem we can find for any point $m\in M$ a submanifold transverse to the orbit $\mathcal{O}$ through $m$ and which is ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

295 views

### Reference request for an early theorem of Gromov

In his talk Misha Gromov- How does he do it, Jeff Cheeger mentions a theorem of Gromov proved sometime in the early 70's. Theorem: Every manifold admitting a sequence of metrics such that the diameter ...

**27**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Is the Laplacian on a manifold the limit of graph Laplacians?

Here's the sort of thing I have in mind. Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold, compact if it helps, and let $\Delta_M$ be the Laplace-Beltrami operator. Choose a sequence of triangulations of $M$ so ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### Intersections of complex submanifolds in $\mathbb{C}^N$

This is an exercise from Gromov's Partial differential relations. (page 5)
Let $V$ and $V'$ be two closed complex submanifolds in $\mathbb{C}^N$ of complimentory dimension. Prove that $V$ and $V'$ ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

404 views

### Can the hyperbolic plane be immersed in three dimensional Euclidean space, if we are only looking for a weak solution?

Consider the following question:
"Can the hyperbolic plane $(\mathbb{R}^2, g_H)$ be isometrically
immersed in three dimensional Eulidean space$(\mathbb{R}^3, g_{flat})$?"
I believe the answer to ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

527 views

### What is the geometric interpretation of this quantity?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold. Using the metric to identify the tangent and cotangent bundles defines a natural symplectic
structure on the tangent bundle, $(TM, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Compact Riemannian manifold with maximum average distance

Given a compact connected Riemannian $2$-manifold $M$ with positive curvature (thus by Gauß-Bonnet, $M$ is diffeomorphic to a 2-sphere) and diameter 1, what is the supremum (as $M$ varies over all ...