Riemannian Geometry is a subfield of Differential Geometry, which specifically studies "Riemannian Manifolds", manifolds with "Riemannian Metrics", which means that they are equipped with continuous inner products.

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Behavior of the spectrum of the Laplacian under pointed smooth convergence

The Laplacian on a compact Riemannian manifold has a discrete spectrum. For example on a circle of perimeter $L$ the $n$-th eigenvalue starting at $0$ is $-\lambda_n = -(2\pi/L)^2 n^2$. On the other ...
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777 views

Existence, uniqueness, and smoothness of a solution to a first order PDE on Riemannian M

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be an $n$-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold, and let $\mathcal{A} \subset \mathcal{M}$ be an $n$-dimensional Riemannian submanifold. I wish to determine the local existence, ...
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400 views

riemannian length of an element of the fundamental group of a manifold

It is a stupid question i guess but like they say if you ask you are stupid for 5 minutes and if you don't ask you are stupid forever . here is the question given a closed manifold $(M,g)$ and ...
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Is it true that the geodesics on SO(n) and SU(n) are closed?

I mean for the bi-invariant metric (but actually any metric would work). In this metric geodesics are translates of 1-parameter subgroups so we need only to show that $exp(t X)$ for any X in the lie ...
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connections and curvature

Let $(M, g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Is it possible to construct two different affine (or metric) connections, say $\nabla$ and $\nabla'$, which induce the SAME curvature tensor, i.e. $R(X, ...
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Local geodesics in uniquely geodesic spaces

A while ago I asked this question in Math Stackexchange. Since I didn't receive an answer so far, I thought I'd ask it here. Suppose $Y$ is a proper length space, where every pair of points $x,y\in ...
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Roadmap to learning about Ricci Flow?

Hello, I'm curious to what books etc. one could use to understand the basics of Ricci flow, what areas of math are needed and so? What areas should one specialize in? See it as a roadmap to ...
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1answer
146 views

Laplace-Beltrami operator on a Lie group

For an arbitrary Lie group, is it always possible to chose a left-invariant Riemannian metric such that the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ is given by $$\Delta f = \delta^{i j} X_i X_j f$$ for ...
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1answer
85 views

Smoothness of the exponential map at the origin

Let $(M, g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold, $p \in M$, and $\exp_P$ the exponential map at the point $P$: $\exp_P: T(P) \to M$ It seems clear to me that $\exp_P$ is smooth on $U \setminus \{0\}$, ...
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111 views

Regularity of Patterson-Sullivan Length function

Let $(M,g)$ be a negatively curved, closed Riemannian manifold. I'll ask the question first, then explain the involved players. This data defines the Patterson-Sullivan length function, ...
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1answer
225 views

Spectral multipliers vis-a-vis Differential geometry

Let us mention two papers for examples: this one by Seeger and Sogge and this by Cheeger, Gromov and Taylor. One can also mention papers by Stein, for example, this one. There are also many others of ...
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253 views

Yang-Mills equations are not elliptic [closed]

How does one prove that the Yang-Mills equations (from classical Yang-Mills theory) are not elliptic? Alternatively, how does one calculate the principal symbol of the Yang-Mills equations? Can ...
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68 views

'Convex' slices of proper actions

Consider a Lie group $G$ acting properly on a manifold $M$. Then by the slice theorem we can find for any point $m\in M$ a submanifold transverse to the orbit $\mathcal{O}$ through $m$ and which is ...
5
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2answers
196 views

Are shortest halving curves simple closed geodesics?

Let $S$ be a smooth convex surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ (although my question may as well be asked for the surface of a polyhedron). Say that $\gamma$ is a shortest halving curve if (a) it partitions the ...
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3answers
294 views

Voronoi cells and the dual complexes in Riemannian manifolds

I would like to use some "intuitively clear" properties of Voronoi cells in general Riemannian manifolds, but I have trouble finding references. Let $(X,d)$ be a connected Riemannian manifold and ...
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96 views

The Cauchy Problem in General Relativity: Existence of a Hausdorff Development

This is related to a problem that I posed about a year ago. I was given several references by a number of experts who were kind enough to entertain my rather arcane question. Those references were ...
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2answers
726 views

If there is a dense geodesic, are almost all geodesics equidistributed? Dense?

Let $M$ be a complete finite volume Riemannian manifold and $\gamma : \mathbb{R}^{\geq 0} \to M$ a geodesic. Suppose that $\mathrm{im}(\gamma)$ is dense. Is it equidistributed in the Riemannian ...
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How to define the square root of $1-\Delta $?

If $M$ is a Riemannian manifold with $\Delta $ its Laplacian, how can we define $(1-\Delta)^{1/2}$? The book I am reading says that $(1-\Delta)^{1/2}$ is an invertible first-order pseudo-differential ...
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Is there any progress on Problem 12 (from Schoen and Yau)?

I saw the following question from the "Problem Section" in Schoen and Yau, page 281, problem 12: Let $M_1, M_2$ each have negative curvature. If $\pi_1 (M_1)=\pi_1 (M_2)$, prove that $M_1$ is ...
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2answers
320 views

Hypersurfaces and Elliptic Points

I'm reading a paper, in which we have $M^n$ an n-dimensional compact hypersurface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. We take the scalar cuvature $R$ to be the elementary symmetric polynomial of degree 2 ...
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1answer
285 views

The surjectivity of the exponential map for the isometry group

Little is known on general conditions guaranteeing that the exponential map between a Lie algebra and an associated Lie group is surjective. Let $M$ be a noncompact connected Riemann manifold, and ...
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Question about a particular estimate in Riemannian geometry

I have been studying the book Some Nonlinear Problems In Riemannian Geometry - Thierry Aubin. On page $46$ he begins the proof of the Sobolev imbedding theorem to manifolds. The proof is divided in ...
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1answer
77 views

The Chern connection on a Hermitian symmetric domain

There's a connection (the Chern connection) on the Tangent Bundle of a Kahler Manifold which is compatible with both the hermitan metric, and the holomorphic structure. In general, I guess there's no ...
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117 views

How to prove this inequality of heat flow from Weitzenbock formula?

Let $(M,g), (N,h)$be a compact Riemannian manifolds, $m:=\dim M, n:=\dim N\geq 2$, and $N$ is a non-positive curvature $K_N\leq 0$. All connections which appear below are the Levi-Civita connections. ...
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Ellipses on spheres (and other surfaces)

Define an ellipse $E$ on a sphere as the locus of points whose sum of shortest geodesic distances to two foci $p_1$ and $p_2$ is a constant $d$. There are conditions on $\{ p_1, p_2, d \}$ for this ...
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190 views

The points of half area of a triangle

Let $S$ be a simply connected Riemannan surface . Suppose $\Delta ABC$ is a triangle on $S$. The Area of a triangle is denoted by $\mathcal{A}$. A point $P$ in the interior of $\Delta ABC$ is ...
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The limit of a sequence of embedded minimal disks in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $\Sigma_n,n\ge 1$ be a sequence of embedded minimal disks in $\mathbb{R}^3$ such that: (1) $0\in\Sigma_n\subset B(0,r_n)$ with $r_n\to\infty$ as $n$ tend to $\infty$, (2) ...
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Quadric functions on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold such that the parallel transport along every simple closed curve is the identity operator. A smooth function $f:M\to \mathbb{R}$ is called a quadric function if ...
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1answer
131 views

totally geodesic submanifold of Heisenberg group

Let $G= \left\{ \begin{pmatrix} 1&a&c\\0&1&b\\0&0&0 \end{pmatrix} \mid a,b,c\in \mathbb{R} \right\}$ be the Heisenberg group. Is there a compact codimension one submanifold ...
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4answers
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When can a Connection Induce a Riemannian Metric for which it is the Levi-Civita Connection?

As we all know, for a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, there exists a unique torsion free connection $\nabla_g$, the Levi-Civita connection, that is compatible witht metric. I was wondering if one can ...
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2answers
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Obstructions to Einstein metrics in high dimensions

It is well known that there exists three and four manifolds that do not admit an Einstein metric, but I wonder if this question is still open for manifolds of dimension higher than four. That is, does ...
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$G_2$ and Geometry

In a recent question Deane Yang mentioned the beautiful Riemannian geometry that comes up when looking at $G_2$. I am wondering if people could expand on the geometry related to the exceptional Lie ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between $\delta W^{\pm}=0$ and Einstein?

Maybe this is a vague question. In Besse's book Einstein manifolds, $\delta W^{\pm}=0$ is considered as a generalization of Einstein metrics on four-manifolds. I was wondering what is the difference ...
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239 views

Decomposition of $\mathrm{O}(n)$-modules coming from differential geometry

Let $V$ be a $n$-dimensional real vector space equipped with a positively definite scalar product $g$ and let $\mathrm{O}(n)$ be the automorphism group of $(V,g)$. View $V^{\otimes k}$ as a ...
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Analytic representatives for Kahler classes

If we are given compact complex manifold $X$ and a Kahler class $[\omega]$, can we always find a positive definite representative $\omega \in [\omega]$ that is real analytic?
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341 views

Computations with the distance function on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a complete Riemannian, connected, compact manifold (with or without boundary). Let $f(r)$ be a decreasing function of $r =$ geodesic distance. If $\Omega \subset M$, then $$ ...
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The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise(exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of Do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...
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Hessian eigenspaces form integrable distributions on a Riemannian manifold?

Suppose $M$ is a Riemannian manifold and $f:M\to\mathbb{R}$ a differentiable function. I can form the Hessian $H$ of $f$ (with respect to the Levi-Civita connection); this is a symmetric bilinear ...
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1answer
247 views

Special Riemannian connections?

Assume that $E$ is a bundle of Lie Algebras. Let $g$ be an invariant metric on $E$, that is for all $p\in M$, $$g_p([x,y],z)+g_p(y,[x,z])=0,$$ where $x,y,z\in E_p$ are arbitrary. Is there a ...
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3answers
222 views

Is the group of isometries of a homogeneous Riemannian manifold maximal?

I have a homogeneous Riemannian manifold X with isometry group Iso. Is Iso a maximal group? By maximal group, I mean that there does not exist another group G such that: Iso is a proper subgroup of ...
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On the volume entropy of negatively curved manifolds

Let $X$ be the universal cover of a closed negatively curved Riemannian manifold. Let $x_0\in X$ be a base point, $S$ be the unit sphere in $T_{x_0}X$ and $\exp:T_{x_0}X\rightarrow X$ be the ...
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3answers
127 views

Harmonic Function with special property

I would appreciate any help with the following problem: Let $(M,g)$ be a 3 dimensional Riemann manifold with boundary. Let $ \Gamma $ be a surface of sufficient regularity dividing M into two ...
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0answers
106 views

Variational inequality on Manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Consider $A : W^{1,r}(M,\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow W^{-1,r'}(M,\mathbb{R}), k \mapsto Ak$, where $Ak$ is defined by $(Ak)(\varphi) = \int_{M}g(\nabla k, \nabla ...
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1answer
260 views

A question on Schrodinger operator

I am not sure whether I should ask for help here or math stackexchange. I got trouble with an inequality involving the Schrodinger operator on manifolds. Any suggestion is appreciated! Let $(M,g)$ be ...
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1answer
108 views

Volume bounds of balls in Riemannian manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a complete Riemannian manifold and suppose $\mathrm{Ric}(g) \geq -k$ for some $k>0$. Suppose we know that $\mathrm{vol}_g (B_1^g (x_0)) \geq \nu$ for some particular $x_0 \in M$ and ...
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Volume of geodesic balls

I have two questions (somewhat related) regarding local geometry on a SMOOTH, COMPACT Riemannian manifold. I still have a hard time getting a "good" understanding of local geometry. Question 1: It ...
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1answer
95 views

Heat Kernel Asymptotics with low regularity

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold with Riemannian metric $g$, which is not smooth but only continuous. Question: Is there still an asymptotic expansion of the heat kernel of the form $$ p_t(x, y) \sim (4 ...
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Counterexample to volume comparison inequality assuming only scalar curvature bound?

The Gromov-Bishop volume comparison theorem says that if we have a lower bound for the Ricci curvature on $(M,g)$, then its geodesic ball has volume not greater than the geodesic ball with the same ...
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Coarse geometry of minimal surfaces in non-positively curved manifolds

Let $X$ be a simply-connected Riemannian manifold of non-positive curvature and $S\subset X$ be a complete minimal surface. (You can basically image $X$ as a ball and $S$ as an embedded disk whose ...
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Avoiding integers in the spectrum of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface

Let $\Sigma^2$ be an orientable compact surface of genus $gen(\Sigma)\geq2$, and denote by $\mathcal M(\Sigma)$ the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on $\Sigma$, i.e., Riemannian metrics of constant ...