**2**

votes

**1**answer

285 views

### Perimeter of ellipse: Combination of two geometries

Is there a Riemannian metric $g$ on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ such that for every ellipse $\gamma$ in the plane we have:$$\text{The Euclidien perimeter of}\; \gamma=\lambda (g\text{-diameter ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### References on the Free Loop Space

I intend to approach the paper of Wolfgang Ziller: "The Free Loop Space of Globally Symmetric Spaces", but I need the proper background on the foundations of the study of Free Loop Spaces. I obtained ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

384 views

### Formula for the distance in noncommutative geometry

Probably the most famous formula in noncommutative geometry is the following formula allowing one to compute distance of two points using the operator theoretic data:
$$(1) \ \ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

117 views

### Global geometry measures for Riemannian manifolds

I'm working on a stochastic algorithm and considering it to apply in case of any curved space (manifolds). But in order to make the algorithm as efficient as possible I want to include in it some ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Is there a characterization of Riemannian manifolds that split off two factors?

Some Riemannian manifolds are expressed as a product manifold. Recently, I have read two articles about space-times. In both articles, the authors prove that a Riemannian manifold $\bar{M}^n$ is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### Curvature estimates for Kaehler-Einstein and Hermitian, Einstein four-manifolds

Four-dimensional Kaehler-Einstein manifolds and Hermitian, Einstein manifolds with positive scalar curvature have been classified by Tian and LeBrun respectively. I was wondering are there any ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### Closed geodesics that cross one another frequently

Let $S$ be a smooth, closed, genus zero surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
$S$ has at least three simple (non-self-intersecting), closed geodesics by
a theorem of Lyusternik and Shnirel'man.
Alternatively, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### Estimates of eigenvalues of elliptic operators on compact manifolds

The classical Weyl law says that if $\Delta$ is the Laplace operator on functions on a compact Riemannian manifold $(M^n,g)$, $n>2$, then its $k$th eigenvalue satisfies the asymptotic formula
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Lie group action on a finite dimensional flat manifold

Consider a finite dimensional flat Riemannian manifold $M$ quotiented by an action of a finite dimensional Lie group $G$, giving rise to the quotient $Q$.
First, assume that the action is isometric. ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

377 views

### Area of metric spheres in Riemannian manifolds

I am trying to estimate the integral $\int \mathbb{e} ^{-d(x_0,x)^2} \mathbb{d}x$ on a Riemann manifold $(M,g)$, for some arbitrary fixed $x_0 \in M$ and $d$ the usual distance. The only thing that I ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### length comparison on negatively curved surfaces

Suppose $g_1$, and $g_2$ are two Riemannian metrics on a closed surface $S$, provided that the Gaussian curvature $K_{g_1}$ $<$ $K_{g_2}\leq -1$. Denote by $\mathcal{C}$ the set of free homotopy ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### How to check if a manifold can be foliated by strictly convex hypersurfaces?

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold with boundary.
How can one recognize whether the manifold can be foliated by strictly convex hypersurfaces?
An exact definition is given below.
If the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### Homotopy bounds in simply connected complete Riemannian manifolds

Let $M$ be a simply connected complete Riemannian manifold, and let $x\in M$. Does there exist a nondecreasing function $R:\mathbb R_+\to\mathbb R_+$ such that, for every $r>0$ and all paths ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

159 views

### Upper bound of derivative of exponential map

We know that for any simply connected surface $M$,whose Gaussian curvature $K\leq 0$, for any $p\in M$, $exp_p: T_pM\to M$ is diffeomorphism.
We know that for any $v\in T_pM$ and $w\in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

152 views

### Characterization of the Riemann curvature tensor

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, $a\in M$ be a fixed point. It it well known that there exists a coordinate system near $a$ (e.g. the normal one) such that
$$g_{ij}(x)=\delta_{ij}+O(|x|^2).$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

172 views

### Are there compact Riemannian manifolds whith Q-curvature negative?

Are there known examples of compact Riemannian manifolds with Q-curvature negative?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

123 views

### Obstruction to the existence of global isometries on a constant-curvature Riemannian manifold

Let $M$ be an $m$-dimensional simply connected Riemannian manifold that is not geodesically complete. Suppose $M$ has constant sectional curvature.
Because the curvature is constant, locally $M$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

219 views

### Do all surfaces (2d riemanian manifolds) admit constant curvature? [closed]

There seems to be a lot of theorems allowing to prove restricted cases of this (eg. uniformization, classification theorem for compact surfaces) . Intuitively, it seems true, but I've never seen a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

335 views

### Geodesics on manifolds with boundary

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold with non-empty boundary. Is there any notion of injectivity radius on $(M,g)$ in points away from the boundary? By this I mean points lying in $M- \partial M$. ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

412 views

### Alternative proof of Varadhan's formula on Riemann manifolds

Consider Varadhan's famous formula for the kernel of the heat equation on a manifold:
$$ \lim_{t \rightarrow 0} t \log h(t,x,y) = - \frac{d(x,y)^2}{4} .$$
I do not have access to his 1967 two ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

206 views

### A geometric property of singular matrices

Let $S\subset M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ be the singular points of the equation $Det=0$. That is $S$ is the critical points of the determinant function.
What matrices belongs to $S$, precisely?
Let ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

217 views

### Linearisation of Einstein operator

Let $(M,g)$ be a $(m+1)$-dimensional Riemannian manifold with Levi-Civita connection $\nabla$.
The Ricci curvature can be viewed as a differential operator ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### The heat kernel as an exponential of an integral

In $\mathbb{R}^n$, if $\gamma$ is a line segment between $x_0 = \gamma (0)$ and $x = \gamma (t)$, one has the following formula:
$$\frac {\mathbb{e}^{- \frac{1}{4} \int_0^t <\dot{\gamma}, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

193 views

### “Parallel translate” of a geodesic in the following sense [closed]

Since I'm lazy, I'm shamelessly referring to the following question:
Derivative of Exponential Map
Given a Riemannian manifold $M$, let $\gamma: (a,b) \to M$ be a geodesic and $E$ a parallel vector ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Does the green kernel converge as a series of functions?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact rimannian manifold. It is well known that we can diagonalyse the Green kernel as a $L^2$ operator acting on functions. Moreover we have the convergence of the following ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Positive curvature of the boundary away from a point implies regularity?

In a paper I'm refereeing, the authors make use of the following geometric fact:
Let $U$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$. If there is a point $p\in \partial U$ so that $\partial U \backslash p$ ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Closed geodesics avoiding points in hyperbolic surfaces

Let $\Sigma$ be a closed hyperbolic surface. Is it true that for any finite collection of points $x_1,\ldots,x_n\in\Sigma$ there exists a closed geodesic $\gamma$ containing none of them?
Remark: It ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

350 views

### Have heat kernels for generalized Laplacians on non-compact manifolds been constructed?

Let $M$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold which is "nice enough", and $D$ a generalized Laplacian on it. The construction of the heat kernel for the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $M$ seems to be ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

267 views

### Besse p134 Riemann tensor in dimension 4

Does someone have a reference for the proof of 4.72 page 134 of Einstein Manifolds? It is said that
$$\check{R}-\vert R\vert^2g/4=S/3 (Ric-S/4) +2\mathring{W}(Ric -S/4) $$
because we are in dimension ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

352 views

### Geodesics and Riemannian submersions

Let $X,Y$ be Riemannian manifolds, and $f\colon X\to Y$ be a Riemannian submersion.
Let $\gamma$ be a geodesic on $X$ starting at a point $x\in X$ and which is orthogonal to the fiber $f^{-1}(f(x))$.
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### A question on the twistor space of a manifold

Let $M$ be either (a) self-dual conformal 4-manifold, or (b) hypercomplex $4n$-manifold.
In either case one can construct the twistor space $Z$ (in the case (b) $Z=\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^1\times M$ as a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

154 views

### Coordinate charts on converging Riemann surfaces

Let $S$ be a $2-$dim manifold and $q \in S$. Furthermore, let $j_{n}$ be a sequence of complex structures on $S$ converging in $C^{\infty}_{\text{loc}}$ to a complex structure $j$ on $S$ as ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

193 views

### Canonical Immersion of the Double Torus

It is easy to check that the immersion $\mathbb{T}^2=\mathbb{S}^1\times \mathbb{S}^1\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}^4$, $(\alpha,\beta)\longmapsto(\cos\alpha,\sin\alpha,\cos\beta,\sin\beta)$ induces the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

255 views

### The geometry of the holomorph of a Lie group

Every Lie group $G$ is naturally contained in its holomorph Hol($G$) = $G \rtimes $ Aut($G$)
Is Hol$(G)$ always a Lie group?
If the answer is yes our main questions:
1.For a left ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Parallel transport on a Hadamard manifold

Suppose, $X$ is a Hadamard manifold, i.e., a simply connected manifold of non-positive sectional curvature. Fix a point $w$ in $X$. Consider any three points $x, y, z$ in $X$. Let $\tau_{x, w}$ and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Certain construction of the Itô integral on manifolds

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $X \in \mathfrak{X}(\mathbb{R}\times M)$ be a time-dependent vector field on $M$. I want to construct the Itô integral
$$ I(X) = \int_0^T \langle X(t, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

573 views

### Compact riemannian manifolds with boundary that have infinite volume?

I am looking for references in the literature pertaining to (essentially riemannian) metric spaces that are compact of infinite volume, such in the following example. Consider a riemannian metric on ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Exact Definition of Dirac Operator

Many definitions of the Dirac operator in the tradition of the Physics literature are hard to grasp for a mathematician. I would like to ask for a precise, general, definition of the Dirac operator ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

96 views

### Isotopy of positively curved surfaces of revolution in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Consider a surface of revolution of positive curvature. My question is, what are the surfaces (with boundary) in $\mathbb{R}^3$ which are isotopic to the surface of revolution, provided each member of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

89 views

### Reference request: minimal (maximal) Lorentzian surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^{1,2}$

Let $R^{1,2}$ be the Minkowski 3-space, I would like to know any references about minimal (maximal) orientable Lorentzian surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^{1,2}$, including examples and maybe general theories, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

185 views

### Compact surfaces with boundary of constant negative curvature

Consider a surface (with boundary) diffeomorphic to $S^1 \times [0, 1]$ and with constant negative curvature, sitting inside $\mathbb{R}^3$. All the examples I know of such surfaces are "part of" (or ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

314 views

### Commutative spectral triples

The corresponence between compact Hausdorff topological spaces and commutative unital $C^*$-algebras is rather well known: Gelfand Najmark theorem gives perfect correspondence between these ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Some quantities which definitions are (somehow) similar to the classical Divergence

Motivated by classical formulas $L_{X}=d\circ i_{X}+i_{X}\circ d$ and $L_{X} \Omega=Div(X) \Omega$ and the essential role of the diff operator $d$ in definition of divergence, we define some ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### Isometries of Compact Semisimple Lie Groups

In this delightful question, the poster mentioned that the isometry group of a compact Lie group $G$, equipped with the metric from the Killing form, is $G\times G/Z(G)$, where $Z(G)$ is the center of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### Bounded functions dense in Sobolev Spaces

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold. Is it always true that the subspace $C^2_b(M)\cap W^{2,p}(M)$ is dense in $W^{2, p}(M)$, where $C^2_b(M)$ denotes the space of functions that are uniformly ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

469 views

### Distance function to a submanifold

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and $\Sigma\subset M$ a closed submanifold. Given $x\in M$ we define the distance function to $\Sigma$ by $$d_\Sigma(x):=\inf\{d(x,y):y\in \Sigma\},$$ where ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

423 views

### Do geodesics in SL2R map to geodesics in the hyperbolic plane?

I am looking for a reference/proof/disproof of the following statement.
Equip the Lie group $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ with the left-invariant Riemannian metric, whichis given on the Lie algebra by $\langle ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### A surface on which all regular curves have nowhere vanishing curvature

Let $S$ be a surface in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ such that every regular curve $\gamma\subset S$ has nowhere vanishing curvature, that is $\kappa(z)\neq 0$ for all $z\in \gamma$. Does this imply that ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

125 views

### Dilatation of surface diffeomorphisms

Let $S$ be a higher genus surface, let $f\colon S\to S$ be a diffeomorphism and let $f_*\colon H_1(M)\to H_1(M)$ be the induced homology automorphism.
Define dilatation of $f_*$ as the largest ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Classification of spherical polygons

I need some sort of classification (up to isometry) of spherical polygons (i.e. polygons in $\mathbb{S}^2$ whose edges are given by geodesics) subject to the interior angles and the perimeter of the ...