Riemannian Geometry is a subfield of Differential Geometry, which specifically studies "Riemannian Manifolds", manifolds with "Riemannian Metrics", which means that they are equipped with continuous inner products.

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totally geodesic submanifold of Heisenberg group

Let $G= \left\{ \begin{pmatrix} 1&a&c\\0&1&b\\0&0&0 \end{pmatrix} \mid a,b,c\in \mathbb{R} \right\}$ be the Heisenberg group. Is there a compact codimension one submanifold ...
4
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1answer
221 views

What is the difference between $\delta W^{\pm}=0$ and Einstein?

Maybe this is a vague question. In Besse's book Einstein manifolds, $\delta W^{\pm}=0$ is considered as a generalization of Einstein metrics on four-manifolds. I was wondering what is the difference ...
9
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1answer
275 views

Decomposition of $\mathrm{O}(n)$-modules coming from differential geometry

Let $V$ be a $n$-dimensional real vector space equipped with a positively definite scalar product $g$ and let $\mathrm{O}(n)$ be the automorphism group of $(V,g)$. View $V^{\otimes k}$ as a ...
4
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1answer
192 views

Analytic representatives for Kahler classes

If we are given compact complex manifold $X$ and a Kahler class $[\omega]$, can we always find a positive definite representative $\omega \in [\omega]$ that is real analytic?
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0answers
435 views

The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise (exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of Do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...
3
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0answers
65 views

Hessian eigenspaces form integrable distributions on a Riemannian manifold?

Suppose $M$ is a Riemannian manifold and $f:M\to\mathbb{R}$ a differentiable function. I can form the Hessian $H$ of $f$ (with respect to the Levi-Civita connection); this is a symmetric bilinear ...
3
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0answers
123 views

On the volume entropy of negatively curved manifolds

Let $X$ be the universal cover of a closed negatively curved Riemannian manifold. Let $x_0\in X$ be a base point, $S$ be the unit sphere in $T_{x_0}X$ and $\exp:T_{x_0}X\rightarrow X$ be the ...
4
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3answers
296 views

Is the group of isometries of a homogeneous Riemannian manifold maximal?

I have a homogeneous Riemannian manifold X with isometry group Iso. Is Iso a maximal group? By maximal group, I mean that there does not exist another group G such that: Iso is a proper subgroup of ...
2
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0answers
114 views

Variational inequality on Manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Consider $A : W^{1,r}(M,\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow W^{-1,r'}(M,\mathbb{R}), k \mapsto Ak$, where $Ak$ is defined by $(Ak)(\varphi) = \int_{M}g(\nabla k, \nabla ...
1
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3answers
172 views

Harmonic Function with special property

I would appreciate any help with the following problem: Let $(M,g)$ be a 3 dimensional Riemann manifold with boundary. Let $ \Gamma $ be a surface of sufficient regularity dividing M into two ...
3
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1answer
283 views

A question on Schrodinger operator

I am not sure whether I should ask for help here or math stackexchange. I got trouble with an inequality involving the Schrodinger operator on manifolds. Any suggestion is appreciated! Let $(M,g)$ be ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Volume bounds of balls in Riemannian manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a complete Riemannian manifold and suppose $\mathrm{Ric}(g) \geq -k$ for some $k>0$. Suppose we know that $\mathrm{vol}_g (B_1^g (x_0)) \geq \nu$ for some particular $x_0 \in M$ and ...
5
votes
1answer
340 views

Volume of geodesic balls

I have two questions (somewhat related) regarding local geometry on a SMOOTH, COMPACT Riemannian manifold. I still have a hard time getting a "good" understanding of local geometry. Question 1: It ...
3
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0answers
146 views

Counterexample to volume comparison inequality assuming only scalar curvature bound?

The Gromov-Bishop volume comparison theorem says that if we have a lower bound for the Ricci curvature on $(M,g)$, then its geodesic ball has volume not greater than the geodesic ball with the same ...
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0answers
67 views

Coarse geometry of minimal surfaces in non-positively curved manifolds

Let $X$ be a simply-connected Riemannian manifold of non-positive curvature and $S\subset X$ be a complete minimal surface. (You can basically image $X$ as a ball and $S$ as an embedded disk whose ...
3
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0answers
127 views

$\mathbb{CP}^1$-structures and hyperbolic Gauss maps

Let $\Sigma$ be a closed surface of genus at least $2$. Put a quasi-Fuchsian $\mathbb{CP}^1$-structure (i.e. complex projective structure) on $\Sigma$. Thus the universal cover $\tilde{\Sigma}$ is ...
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1answer
147 views

compact complex manifolds and complet curves [closed]

let $X$ be a compact complex manifold of dimension one . my first question is : 1) -does all compact complex manifolds of dimension one admit nonconstant meromorphic function ? . now , let ...
3
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1answer
408 views

Taylor expansion of the determinant of a Riemannian metric

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold without boundary. Fix a point $x\in M$ and $N\ge 2$ large. Then there exists a metric $\tilde g$, conformal to $g$ such that $$ \det \tilde g=1+O(r^N)$$ ...
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0answers
101 views

A question on the maximum principle for Schrodinger operators

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a closed Riemannian manifold, and $L=-\Delta+V$ be a Schrodinger operator, $V\in C^{\infty}(M)$. In answers to the two questions (First eigenvalue of Schrödinger operator is simple 1 ...
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0answers
139 views

Estimate the smallest eigenvalue of a Schrodinger operator

There are several results on the estimate of the number of negative eigenvalues of a Schrodinger operator, see a recent paper of Grigor'yan-Nadirashvili-Sire and references therein. I wonder how to ...
0
votes
1answer
203 views

Describe all differentiable functions on $\mathbb{S}^n \backslash S$ (S is the south pole) [closed]

Consider the sphere $\mathbb{S}^n$ embedded in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. Let $N$ be the north pole of the sphere and $S$ the south pole. Every point on $\mathbb{S}^n \backslash \{N,S\}$ is defined uniquely ...
2
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1answer
141 views

local approximation of a vector field on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, and let $V$ be a $C^{\infty}$ vector field on $M$. Is it possible to locally approximate $V$ by gradient vector fields $\nabla f_i$, such that the ...
2
votes
2answers
357 views

Sharp Gaussian upper bounds on Heat Kernel

I am looking for references (with proof) for the following statement: Let $(M, g)$ be a Riemannian manifold with bounded curvature and let $p_t(x , y)$ be the heat kernel of $M$. Let $K$ be ...
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0answers
149 views

Application of conformal normal coordinates for higher order elliptic operator

Let $n>2$ be even. Consider a compact Riemannian manifold $(M^n,g)$ and denote with $P_g$ the critical GJMS operator. Recall that $P_g$ is conformally invariant, i.e. $$P_{\tilde g}=e^{-nu}P_g$$ ...
1
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1answer
170 views

de Rahm Laplace operator on forms bounded

Let $M$ be a closed differentiable manifold. Let $E^{p}(M)$ be the vector space of $p$-forms on $M$ equipped with the $L^{2}$-inner product $(\alpha, \beta) = \int_{M}\alpha \wedge \star \beta$. The ...
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0answers
171 views

Can we obtain topology results using analysis in metric measures spaces?

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold. It is known that a lower bound on the Ricci curvature is equivalent to the convexity of the entropy on $\mathcal{P}^2(M)$ (Von Rennesse and Sturm '05), but I ...
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vote
2answers
439 views

Geodesic equation from Christoffel symbols

Let $\mathcal{P}:=\mathcal{P}(\mathcal{X})$ be the manifold of all (strictly positive) probability vectors (distributions) on $\mathcal{X}=\{x_0,\dots,x_n\}$, i.e., each $p=(p(x_0),\dots,p(x_n))\in ...
2
votes
1answer
254 views

Is the structure constant additive on connected components?

This is the reanimation of a question which already got an answer, that I did not fully understand. Coming back to it, after let it sit in a corner for some time, I keep not getting the point. I would ...
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vote
0answers
58 views

Bounds on functions pullbacked via exponential map

Let us assume that $M$ is a compact Riemannian manifold (without boundary). For any point $x\in M$, we can pullback $C^\infty(M)$ functions to $T_x M$ via the exponential map, by setting $$ (\exp_x^* ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Optimal Regularity for Invariance of Curvature under Isometries

It is well known that sectional curvature is an invariant under isometries. I wonder what the optimal regularity for this result to hold is (in terms of Hölder-spaces)?. It is classical that ...
12
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2answers
954 views

Does there exist a closed manifold that can be given both a Euclidean and a Hyperbolic structure?

I originally asked this on math.stackexchange, where I asked if there could exist a closed manifold that could be given different geometric structures of constant curvature (not at the same time, of ...
3
votes
1answer
257 views

Special Riemannian connections?

Assume that $E$ is a bundle of Lie Algebras. Let $g$ be an invariant metric on $E$, that is for all $p\in M$, $$g_p([x,y],z)+g_p(y,[x,z])=0,$$ where $x,y,z\in E_p$ are arbitrary. Is there a ...
11
votes
2answers
712 views

Obtain Lorentzian manifolds from Riemannian ones by Wick rotation

In some cases, Wick rotation of a metric, formally consisting in substituting a coordinate with i times the coordinate itself, allows one to construct a Riemannian manifold starting from a Lorentzian ...
2
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0answers
162 views

Notions of convexity for the boundary of a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact smooth Riemannian manifold with boundary $\partial M\subset M$. Question: What does it mean to say that the boundary is convex and strictly convex? Alternatively: What ...
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1answer
164 views

Relation between volume of reduced space and phase space

Let $G$ ba a compat Lie group and $\frak g$ be its Lie algebra, then by Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory we know that if $J:M\to \frak g^*$ be its equivariant moment map then the reduced space is ...
6
votes
1answer
134 views

Regularity of Patterson-Sullivan Length function

Let $(M,g)$ be a negatively curved, closed Riemannian manifold. I'll ask the question first, then explain the involved players. This data defines the Patterson-Sullivan length function, ...
1
vote
1answer
209 views

A special type of transitivity

Let $M$ be a smooth orientable manifold with volume form $\Omega$. Fix two pints $x,y \in M$. Put $A$=all volume preserving diffeomorphism of M which maps $x$ to $y$. Define $B$=All linear volume ...
10
votes
2answers
339 views

A Scalar Curvature Computation in Brendle Marques Neves' Min-Oo Conjecture paper

I'm reading a paper on the Min-Oo Conjecture (http://arxiv.org/abs/1004.3088), and I'm stuck on the following step in a proposition: Given a metric $g_0(t)$ on the upper hemisphere $\mathbb{S}^n_+$, ...
5
votes
1answer
176 views

Question about conjugate points

If there exist two geodesics from $p$ to $q$ that are not only different from each other but also infinitesimally close to each other, then it implies that $q$ is conjugate to $p$. Can anyone give an ...
2
votes
1answer
259 views

If there exists a nontrivial vector field $V$ such that $\nabla_{X}V=0$ for any vector field $X$, the manifold must be flat?

If there exists a nontrivial vector field $V\not=0$ in Riemannian manifold $M$ and an open set $U\subset M$ such that $\nabla_{X}V=0$ in $U$ for any vector field $X$ in $M$, then dose $U$ have to be ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Factor of 2 In the Definition of Metric Contact Structure

In Blair's book and many many literatures, I see definition of a contact metric manifold which involves a relation \begin{equation} d\kappa \left( {X,Y} \right) = g\left( {X,\Phi Y} \right) ...
8
votes
3answers
430 views

How to define the square root of $1-\Delta $?

If $M$ is a Riemannian manifold with $\Delta $ its Laplacian, how can we define $(1-\Delta)^{1/2}$? The book I am reading says that $(1-\Delta)^{1/2}$ is an invertible first-order pseudo-differential ...
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1answer
163 views

Riemannian metric and Volume form for $SE(n)$ and/or $E(n)$

I wonder what happens when you construct the Tiling spaces considering the natural action of $SE(n)$ or $E(n)$ rather than $\mathbb R^n$. In order to do that, I need to understand both the (left ...
4
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5answers
1k views

Can anyone give an example of Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian Manifold that is not flat?

Does there exist a Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian manifold which is geodesic complete but not flat? And is there any theorm about Ricci-flat but not flat? I am especially interset in the case ...
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1answer
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Holomorphic maps on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ (for n not necessarily even)

Edit according to the comment of user36931 I remove the "motivation" from the previous version and I add an statement to the first question We consider the following two classes of smooth maps on ...
1
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1answer
146 views

Connection on canonical $\operatorname{Spin}^\mathbb{C}$ spinor bundle on symplectic manifold

Let $W$ be the canonical $\operatorname{Spin}^\mathbb{C}$ spinor bundle on a symplectic 4-manifold $(M, \omega)$, with a compatible $J$ and $g$, so \begin{equation} {W_ + } = {T^{0,0}}{M^*} ...
1
vote
1answer
286 views

curvature and volume growth

Let $M$ be a non-compact connected Riemannian manifold with $\mathrm{sec}_g=0$ and $\operatorname{vol} B(x,r)\geq c(n)r^n$ for any $r$, where $c(n)>0$. How to prove that $(M,g)$ is isometric to ...
4
votes
2answers
464 views

Infinite dimensional Riemannian geometry

My current research has brought me into an area the requires me to learn some infinite dimensional Riemannian and Kähler geometry. Can someone recommend some good books or survey articles to help me ...
2
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1answer
221 views

What is the meaning of Yang-Mills action evaluated on Levi-Civita connection?

On a Riemannian manifold $M$ with riemann curvature tensor $R_{\mu\nu\rho\sigma}$ written as (endomorphism valued) curvature two-tensor of the Levi-Civita connection $R=R_{\mu\nu}dx^\mu\wedge ...
7
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1answer
436 views

A question on generalized Einstein metrics on four-dimensional manifolds

I am thinking of a possible generalization of Einstein metrics (or a possible characterization of Einstein metrics) on four-dimensional manifolds, \begin{equation*} ...