# Tagged Questions

**2**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### Generate matrices at the given distance from the initial matrix

I have n-by-n correlation matrix $C_{ij}$, it's symmetric positive definite, and $C_{ii}=1$ and $C_{ij}\le1$ etc.
I want to generate a bunch of matrices $M_{ij}$ which are on the same distance from ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

315 views

### Vector Fields in a Riemannian Manifold

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold.
Is there a way to classify manifolds where there exists a vector field that commutes with the laplace beltrami operator?
Thanks

**1**

vote

**0**answers

43 views

### Normal fields of geodesic spheres

This question is related to this one (http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1383511/normal-curvature-of-geodesic-spheres) I've asked at math.stackexchange. Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

109 views

### The momentum constraints in the ADM formulation of general relativity

Suppose that the space-time has a time function. Let $g_{ij}$ be
the Riemannian metrics of the time slices, and $K_{ij}$ be the second
fundamental forms. It is by Codazzi equation that
$$
D^{i}(K_{ij}...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Orbits of Metrics under the Action of the Diffeomorphism Group

Consider the $n$-sphere $$ S^n = \{x\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}: 1 - \sum_{k=1}^{n+1} x_k^2 = 0\}, $$ and let $g_1$ be the induced metric. Given $\lambda\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}_{>0}$, we have the ellipsoid
$$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Limited expansion of mean curvature of geodesic spheres

I am working with the Laplacian on a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ (compact, without boundary). In spherical geodesic coordinates $(r, \sigma)$ around some arbitrary $x \in M$ (where $\sigma$ denotes ...

**1**

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**0**answers

80 views

### Immersed surfaces in Hyperbolic 3-manifolds

Given a hyperbolic 3-Manifold $M=\Gamma_{0}\setminus\mathbb{H}^3$, and a smooth, connected, compact immersed negatively curved surface $\Sigma=\Gamma\setminus\widetilde\Sigma\subset M$, where $\...

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**0**answers

124 views

### understanding geometry of eigen values of Ricci tensor [closed]

As per I can visualize the eigen value $\lambda$ of a linear map $T:V \rightarrow V$, defined by $Tv=\lambda v$, is actually the scaling factor of the vector in the same direction as of $v$.My ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

647 views

### Can the Laplace operator on $n-$ manifolds be represented as a sum of $n$ second order derivational operators

EDIT: According to some comments on this post I revise the title to remove the misunderestanding.
Assume that $M$ is a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. The natural Laplace operator associated ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Derivation of an expression in the Ricci flow on surfaces

Recently I am studying Benett Chow and Dan Knopf's book titled
Ricci flow: An Introduction. In Chapter 5 (Ricci flow on surfaces), I am stuck in a straightforward deduction. Maybe it is very simple, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Smooth manifolds for which every metric is geodesically convex

Are there non compact smooth manifolds which have the property that every Riemannian metric is geodesically convex?
Note that a manifold for which every Riemannian metric is complete must be compact.
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Action generated by geodesic flow is hamiltonian

I'm trying to understand why a certain action of a Lie Group is hamiltonian.
Let $(M,g)$ be a geodesically complete Riemannian manifold.
Then there exists a canonical one-form on the cotangentbundle $...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### Symmetries of non-Riemannian curvature tensor

The curvature tensor, $R_{ab}{}^c{}_d$, can be obtained from a connection which not necessarily is a metric connection.
By construction it is antisymmetric in the first two indices, since roughly ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

357 views

### What does it mean that the Hessian is proportional to the metric?

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth manifold equipped with a metric tensor $g$, and $f\in C^\infty(M)$ a regular function (i.e., with nowhere vanishing differential).
Denote by $\mathrm{Hess}_g(f):=\nabla df$ ...

**4**

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**0**answers

131 views

### Gromov's compactness theorem for manifolds with boundary

The Gromov's compactness theorem says that if $\{M_i^n\}$ is a sequence of closed Riemannian manifolds of dimension $n$ with uniformly bounded diameter and uniformly bounded from below Ricci curvature ...

**24**

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**0**answers

246 views

### Metrics on the 3-sphere with knotted geodesics

According to answers to this question every metrics on $S^3$ admits a simple closed geodesic. Given a knot (or link) $K$, it's also quite simple to build a metric on $S^3$ such that $K$ is a geodesic (...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

206 views

### Triangles in rigid Riemann surfaces

Edit: We thank Vladimir Matveev for his comment on this post which leeds us to revise the question as follows:
Assume that $M_{g}$ is a compact Riemann surface with constant negative cuvature (That ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### $Pin^{+}(4k)$ and $Pin^{-}(4k)$ are isomorphic [Reference Request]

This is some sort of "follow-up" to the (unanswered) question posted here.
Let's denote $$\varphi :O(2n)\rightarrow O(2n);A\mapsto det(A)\cdot A.$$
Then $\varphi $ is an automorphism of $O(2n)$, and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Barycentric interpolation in hyperbolic triangles

Let $T$ and $T'$ be triangles in the hyperbolic plane $\mathbb{H}^2$, denote by $A, B, C$ and$A', B', C'$ their vertices respectively. Let $f : T \to T'$ be the unique "barycentric interpolation" that ...

**3**

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**0**answers

48 views

### Determinant twist and $Pin _{\pm}$ structure on $4k$-dimensional bundles [Reference request]

Consider the automorphism $\varphi$ of $O(2n)$ given by $\varphi (A)=det(A)\cdot A$. The induced map in cohomology $H^*(BO(2n))$ sends $w_2$ to $w_2+(n+1)w_1^2$ (a proof is given at the end of the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### Non-flat totally geodesic surfaces

I'd like to know whether a Riemannian symmetric space of compact type admits a non-flat totally geodesic surface. I've found an article by Mashimo on the classification of these surfaces for certain ...

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**0**answers

52 views

### Complex structure and antipode map on the space of measured geodesic laminations

Fix a closed hyperbolic surface $S$, which represents a point in the Teichmüller space $\mathcal{T}$ of the underlying topological surface.
Thurston's earthquake theorem implies an identification ...

**2**

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**0**answers

84 views

### What dimension bound is known on the singular set of a linear combination of eigenfunctions of Laplacian?

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth, closed Riemannian manifold and suppose that $\phi_1,\dots,\phi_m$ are eigenfunctions of the Laplacian on $M$. Write $f = \phi_1 + \dots + \phi_m$.
How big can the set $\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Toponogov comparison theorem for complex manifold

I would like to know some reference for the Toponogov comparison theorem for complex manifolds, in particular for complex manifolds with bounded holomorphic sectional curvature. As far as I know, the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Sobolev chain rule on non-compact manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold (not of bounded geometry).
Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be $C^1$ with $f'$ bounded and $f(0)=0$. Is the Sobolev chain rule valid for functions $...

**5**

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**0**answers

137 views

### Difference between parallel transport composed with exponential maps along two different geodesics starting at the same point?

I asked this question on math.stackexchange too: it's not a homework problem, but something that came to my mind while thinking of commutation:
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1356518/...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Does null geodesic flow live on a natural compact bundle?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact pseudo-Riemannian manifold (closed or with boundary).
A geodesic $\gamma:(a,b)\to M$ is called null if $g_{ij}\dot\gamma^i\dot\gamma^j=0$.
The geodesic flow can be seen as a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Prove that the Log-Euclidean distance is negative-definite

Let $\Bbb{S}_{++}^n$ be the $\frac{n(n+1)}{2}$-dimensional Riemannian manifold of the symmetric positive definite (SPD) $n\times n$ real matrices.
The Log-Euclidean distance between two points of $\...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

224 views

### $C^1$ regularity of harmonic functions on Riemannian manifolds

Consider a smooth, connected and complete Riemannian manifold $M$. It is well known that harmonic functions defined on some open subset of $M$ are $C^\infty$.
I'm interested in knowing whether there ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

257 views

### Volume of arithmetic quotients of symmetric spaces

Now let $\textbf{G}$ be some connected semisimple linear algebraic group over a number field $F$. Let $G_{\infty}$ be $\textbf{G}(\mathbb{R}\otimes_{\mathbb{Q}} F)$. Let $K_{\infty}$ be a maximal ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

323 views

### Diffeomorphism variation of the Christoffel symbol

Under an infinitesimal diffeomorphism the Riemann metric changes by the Lie derivative
$$
\delta g_{\mu\nu} = ({\mathcal L}_\xi G)_{\mu\nu}=\nabla_\mu \xi_\nu+\nabla_\nu \xi_\mu
$$
and under a change ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Can every hyperelliptic genus 3 surface be minimally immersed in flat $T^3$

Every minimally immersed genus 3 surface in flat $T^3$ must be hyperelliptic, as the Gauss map gives the degree 2 covering map. How about the converse of this problem?
The only thing I can find is ...

**6**

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**0**answers

204 views

### Smooth morse theory of Riemannian distance functions

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, and $p\in M$. As $R>0$ increases, the topology of the ball $B(p,R)$ changes, but the changes happen only at a Lebesgue measure zero set of $R$. For instance, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

112 views

### Decomposition of a closed surface

I know that I can decompose an hyperbolic closed surface of genus $g>1$ into $2(g−1)$ pants bounded by $3$ geodesics. It seems reasonable to think the same can be done for a closed surface of genus ...

**2**

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**0**answers

79 views

### Bounding distance between geodesics in manifolds with nonpositive curvature

This is a duplicate of a question at the stackexchange which was not answered. I've recently read (in some notes by Mark Pollicott) the following related claims, which, although quite intuitive, I ...

**1**

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**0**answers

175 views

### Taylor expansions of Riemannian exponential map and Jacobi fields? [closed]

Apologies if this is not exactly a research-level questions, but I've no known reference where I can figure it out myself. I asked this on math.stackexchange.com,
http://math.stackexchange.com/...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Involution on the set of isomorphism classes of 2n-dimensional vector bundles induced by an involution of $O(2n)$

Denote by $\varphi$ the automorphism of $O(2n)$ given by $\varphi (A)=det(A)\cdot A$.This induces a self-map $B\varphi$ of $BO(n)$, so it induces a self-map (actually an involution)
$B\varphi ^*$ on $[...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### existence of totally geodesic hypersurfaces

Assume we are on a smooth, complete Riemannian manifold $(M,g), dim(M) \geq 3$. What are the specific geometric/topological constraints for such a manifold to admit complete, totally geodesic ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Almost complex structure and nontrivial idempotents

Is there a compact Reiemannian manifold $M$ for which the following complex $C^{*}$ algebra does not have a nontrivial idempotent:
$A=Hom(E,E)$ where $E$ is the complexification of $TM$.
Of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Gauss-Bonnet formula for 2-dimensional Alexandrov spaces

EDIT: Let $S$ be a closed orientable 2-dimensional surface equipped with a metric with curvature $\geq \kappa$ in the sense of Alexandrov.
Questions 1. Can one define a measure $K$ on $S$ (thought ...

**1**

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**0**answers

134 views

### Taylor expansion in Riemannian foliations

Take:
$M$ a Riemannian manifold, ${X_0}\in M$,
$N_{X_0}$ a submanifold of $M$ going through ${X_0}$,
and $Z \in N_{X_0}$ in a neighborhood of ${X_0}$.
At ${X_0} \in N_{X_0}$, we consider the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

70 views

### What is the relation between two Riemannian metrics with the same Riemannian curvatures?

Consider two flat Riemannian metrics on a manifold. What is the general relation between these two metrics if the manifold is not simply-connected? What is the answer if two Riemannian metrics have ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

127 views

### Geodesics on convex hypersufaces

Let $M^n$ be the boundary of a convex compact set in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ with non-empty interior.
Question 1. Is $M$ geodesically complete, i.e. is it true that every geodesic (= locally shortest path)...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

174 views

### Alexandrov spaces which are not limits of Riemannian manifolds

Are there important/ interesting/ natural examples of compact Alexandrov spaces with curvature bounded from below which are not Gromov-Hausdorff limits of smooth compact Riemannian manifolds with ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

206 views

### Totally geodesic submanifold of a hyperbolic 3-manifold

If $M$ is a convex-cocompact hyperbolic 3-manifold, and $S$ is a closed surface with genus $\geq$ 2. Suppose $f:S\to M$ is a minimal immersion, and $f(S)$ is negatively curved. I know that all the ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### Nice applications of Liouville's theorem

I need a big list of nice-looking and simple applications of Liouville's theorem on geodesic flow in Riemannian geometry.
Please help.
Examples:
A Riemannian manifold with finite volume does not ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

180 views

### Using Jacobi fields to approximate parallel transport along geodesic:is the following limit true?

I apologize if this is not a research level question (already tried asking http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1303288/relation-between-parallel-transport-and-jacobi-field-iion stack exchange with ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

185 views

### Special connection of vector bundle over real manifold

Let $E \rightarrow M$ be a vector bundle over a smooth manifold $M$ and let $g$ be a bundle metric. Does there exists a conection (maybe unique) $\nabla$ which is compatible with $g$. By this I mean: ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

402 views

### Lower bound on the first eigenvalue of the Laplace-Beltrami on a closed Riemannian manifold

It has been proved by Li-Yau and Zhong-Yang that if $M$ is a closed Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$ with nonnegative Ricci curvature, then the first nonzero eigenvalue $\lambda_1(M)$ of the (...

**198**

votes

**9**answers

18k views

### John Nash's Mathematical Legacy

It would seem that John Nash and his wife Alicia died tragically in a car accident on May 23, 2015 (reference). My condolences to his family and friends.
Maybe this is an appropriate time to ask a ...