# Tagged Questions

Riemannian Geometry is a subfield of Differential Geometry, which specifically studies "Riemannian Manifolds", manifolds with "Riemannian Metrics", which means that they are equipped with continuous inner products.

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### Explanation that Twistor Space of $S^4$ is $\mathbb{C}P^3$?

I am attempting to read Atiyah's paper on self-duality in four-dimensional Riemannian geometry, and I came across the following basic example: Let $S_-$ be the $SU(2)$-bundle of anti-self dual ...
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### The Laplacian of an expression involving the Ricci tensor

While doing some computations on a compact Riemannian manifold I have reached the following expression: $$\Delta_y \big( Ric_y (\exp_y ^{-1} x, \exp_y ^{-1} x) \big) (x)$$ where $\Delta_y$ is the ...
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### Laplace-Beltrami and averaging

For a Riemannian manifold $M$ with metric $g$ and Laplace-Beltrami operator $-\Delta_{g}$, what conditions on $M$ guarantee that $-\Delta_{g} u(x)$ measures the difference between $u(x)$ and the ...
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### Set of regular points in an Alexandrov space with curvature bounded below

Let $X^n$ be an $n$-dimensional Alexandrov space with curvature bounded below. A point $x\in X$ is called regular if the space of directions $\Sigma_x$ is isometric to the standard sphere $S^{n-1}$. ...
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I tried this post on StackExchange with no luck. Hopefully the experts at MathOverflow can help. In algebraic topology there are two canonical "advanced" textbooks that go quite far beyond the usual ...
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### Doubling theorem for Alexandrov spaces

Is there a user friendly exposition of the notion of boundary of an Alexandrov space with curvature bounded from below and of the Doubling theorem? The only reference I am aware of is the original ...
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### For a 3-manifold $Y$, when does $Y\times S^{1}$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature?

Let $Y$ be an orientable, smooth 3-manifold and let $X=Y\times S^{1}$. My question is that: when does $X$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature? An obvious case is when $Y$ ...
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### Comparing Dirichlet energy and area of a Surface-immersion

Let $(F,g)$ be a closed Surface, $(M,h)$ a Riemannian 3-Manifold and $f: F \to M$ a smooth immersion. Denote by $f^*(h)$ the pullback metric on $TF$ induced by $f$ and let $dV_g$ and $dV_{f^*(h)}$ be ...
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### Square of the distance function on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold. Consider the square of the distance function $$dist^2\colon M\times M\to \mathbb{R}$$ given by $(x,y)\mapsto dist^2(x,y)$. It is easy to see that this ...
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### understanding geometry of eigen values of Ricci tensor [closed]

As per I can visualize the eigen value $\lambda$ of a linear map $T:V \rightarrow V$, defined by $Tv=\lambda v$, is actually the scaling factor of the vector in the same direction as of $v$.My ...
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### Can the Laplace operator on $n-$ manifolds be represented as a sum of $n$ second order derivational operators

EDIT: According to some comments on this post I revise the title to remove the misunderestanding. Assume that $M$ is a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. The natural Laplace operator associated ...
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### Derivation of an expression in the Ricci flow on surfaces

Recently I am studying Benett Chow and Dan Knopf's book titled Ricci flow: An Introduction. In Chapter 5 (Ricci flow on surfaces), I am stuck in a straightforward deduction. Maybe it is very simple, ...
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### Smooth manifolds for which every metric is geodesically convex

Are there non compact smooth manifolds which have the property that every Riemannian metric is geodesically convex? Note that a manifold for which every Riemannian metric is complete must be compact. ...
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### Toponogov comparison theorem for complex manifold

I would like to know some reference for the Toponogov comparison theorem for complex manifolds, in particular for complex manifolds with bounded holomorphic sectional curvature. As far as I know, the ...
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### $C^1$ regularity of harmonic functions on Riemannian manifolds

Consider a smooth, connected and complete Riemannian manifold $M$. It is well known that harmonic functions defined on some open subset of $M$ are $C^\infty$. I'm interested in knowing whether there ...
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### Volume of arithmetic quotients of symmetric spaces

Now let $\textbf{G}$ be some connected semisimple linear algebraic group over a number field $F$. Let $G_{\infty}$ be $\textbf{G}(\mathbb{R}\otimes_{\mathbb{Q}} F)$. Let $K_{\infty}$ be a maximal ...
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### Diffeomorphism variation of the Christoffel symbol

Under an infinitesimal diffeomorphism the Riemann metric changes by the Lie derivative $$\delta g_{\mu\nu} = ({\mathcal L}_\xi G)_{\mu\nu}=\nabla_\mu \xi_\nu+\nabla_\nu \xi_\mu$$ and under a change ...
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### Can every hyperelliptic genus 3 surface be minimally immersed in flat $T^3$

Every minimally immersed genus 3 surface in flat $T^3$ must be hyperelliptic, as the Gauss map gives the degree 2 covering map. How about the converse of this problem? The only thing I can find is ...
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### Smooth morse theory of Riemannian distance functions

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, and $p\in M$. As $R>0$ increases, the topology of the ball $B(p,R)$ changes, but the changes happen only at a Lebesgue measure zero set of $R$. For instance, ...
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### Decomposition of a closed surface

I know that I can decompose an hyperbolic closed surface of genus $g>1$ into $2(g−1)$ pants bounded by $3$ geodesics. It seems reasonable to think the same can be done for a closed surface of genus ...
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### Bounding distance between geodesics in manifolds with nonpositive curvature

This is a duplicate of a question at the stackexchange which was not answered. I've recently read (in some notes by Mark Pollicott) the following related claims, which, although quite intuitive, I ...
### Involution on the set of isomorphism classes of 2n-dimensional vector bundles induced by an involution of $O(2n)$
Denote by $\varphi$ the automorphism of $O(2n)$ given by $\varphi (A)=det(A)\cdot A$.This induces a self-map $B\varphi$ of $BO(n)$, so it induces a self-map (actually an involution) $B\varphi ^*$ on \$[...