Riemannian Geometry is a subfield of Differential Geometry, which specifically studies "Riemannian Manifolds", manifolds with "Riemannian Metrics", which means that they are equipped with continuous inner products.

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Reference: Betti Numbers of the free loop space are finite

let $M$ be a compact, simply connected Riemannian manifold with dimension $< \infty$. I'm looking for a reference that $$ \dim H_k(\Lambda M, \mathbb{Z}) < \infty, $$ is true in that case. Here ...
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1answer
132 views

Long time existence of Ricci flow on compact surfaces of negative curvature

Is there a long time existence for the Ricci flow on compact negatively curved surfaces? I just read that the normalized Ricci flow has a long time solution converging to a metric of constant negative ...
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179 views

Equivalence of Harmonic Maps and Conformal Maps on Genus-0 closed surfaces

By the uniformization theorem, for every genus-0 closed surface $\mathcal{M}\subset\mathbb{R}^3$, there is a conformal map $f:\mathcal{M}\rightarrow \mathbb{S}^2$. Furthermore consider the Dirichlet ...
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132 views

Green's function on sphere

Consider radial (normal) coordinates on a sphere $S^n, n \geq 2$. Let the "origin" be the north pole $(0, 0,..., 1)$ and the coordinates be denoted by $(r, \theta)$. We know that the Laplacian ...
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63 views

kahler einstein metric for exceptional compact type hermitian symmetric space

Can anyone write down the kahler einstein metric for exceptional compact type hermitian symmetric spaces($\frac{E_6}{SO(10)*SO(2)}$ and $\frac{E_7}{E_6*SO(2)}$). I can find the bergmann kernel for ...
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2answers
224 views

Existence of smooth proper functions with bounded derivatives on manifolds

Suppose $M$ is a complete Finsler manifold of finite dimension. Is there always a smooth proper real-valued function $f$ on $M$ so that the norms of the first and second derivative are bounded ? The ...
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2answers
170 views

The completeness assumption in some comparison theorems in Riemannian geometry

There is a family of comparison theorems in Riemannian geometry (Rauch, Günther-Bishop, Gromov, Toponogov-Cheng) that all rely on two hypotheses: some boundedness of the sectional or Ricci curvature, ...
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43 views

Equivariant exponential map on Hilbert manifolds

Let $M$ be a Hilbert Riemannian manifold and $G$ a finite-dimensional Lie group acting on $M$. It is well-known that when $M$, too, is finite-dimensional $$\exp_p: U \subset T_pM \rightarrow \exp_p(U) ...
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220 views

Hodge de Rham operator and orientability

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. One can consider the exterior algebra bundle $\Lambda(T^*M)$. The sections of this bundle are differential forms, to be noted by $\Omega^k(M)$. One can consider ...
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1answer
63 views

Negativity of a quadratic form on $L^2(M)$

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and $V=L^2(M)$. Let $\Delta$ be the negative-definite Laplacian. Let $f \in V$ and $x \in M$ be arbitrary, but fixed. Is it true that ${\rm Re} \ (\Delta f) ...
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397 views

Some counter examples in group theory

In this question, which we flag it as a community wiki question, we search for a big list of groups $G$ which can not be isomorphic to a structure mentioned in $i.$ for some $i \in ...
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119 views

Explanation that Twistor Space of $S^4$ is $\mathbb{C}P^3$?

I am attempting to read Atiyah's paper on self-duality in four-dimensional Riemannian geometry, and I came across the following basic example: Let $S_-$ be the $SU(2)$-bundle of anti-self dual ...
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1answer
123 views

The Laplacian of an expression involving the Ricci tensor

While doing some computations on a compact Riemannian manifold I have reached the following expression: $$ \Delta_y \big( Ric_y (\exp_y ^{-1} x, \exp_y ^{-1} x) \big) (x)$$ where $\Delta_y$ is the ...
4
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1answer
174 views

Laplace-Beltrami and averaging

For a Riemannian manifold $M$ with metric $g$ and Laplace-Beltrami operator $-\Delta_{g}$, what conditions on $M$ guarantee that $-\Delta_{g} u(x)$ measures the difference between $u(x)$ and the ...
2
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1answer
124 views

Set of regular points in an Alexandrov space with curvature bounded below

Let $X^n$ be an $n$-dimensional Alexandrov space with curvature bounded below. A point $x\in X$ is called regular if the space of directions $\Sigma_x$ is isometric to the standard sphere $S^{n-1}$. ...
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9answers
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Advanced Differential Geometry Textbook

I tried this post on StackExchange with no luck. Hopefully the experts at MathOverflow can help. In algebraic topology there are two canonical "advanced" textbooks that go quite far beyond the usual ...
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0answers
60 views

Doubling theorem for Alexandrov spaces

Is there a user friendly exposition of the notion of boundary of an Alexandrov space with curvature bounded from below and of the Doubling theorem? The only reference I am aware of is the original ...
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2answers
343 views

For a 3-manifold $Y$, when does $Y\times S^{1}$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature?

Let $Y$ be an orientable, smooth 3-manifold and let $X=Y\times S^{1}$. My question is that: when does $X$ admits a Riemannian metric with positive scalar curvature? An obvious case is when $Y$ ...
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90 views

Comparing Dirichlet energy and area of a Surface-immersion

Let $(F,g)$ be a closed Surface, $(M,h)$ a Riemannian 3-Manifold and $f: F \to M$ a smooth immersion. Denote by $f^*(h)$ the pullback metric on $TF$ induced by $f$ and let $dV_g$ and $dV_{f^*(h)}$ be ...
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2answers
675 views

Square of the distance function on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold. Consider the square of the distance function $$dist^2\colon M\times M\to \mathbb{R}$$ given by $(x,y)\mapsto dist^2(x,y)$. It is easy to see that this ...
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388 views

Riemannian metrics preserved by diffeomorphisms

Let $f \neq Id$ be a diffeomorphism (of a smooth manifold $M$) which admits some Riemannain metric on $M$ making it an isometry. How many different metrics are preserved by $f$? Note that ...
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109 views

When is a conformal class equal to a conformal orbit?

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. Let $\text{conf}(M,g)$ denote the conformal group, i.e. the subgroup of diffeomorphisms of $M$ that acts by conformal transformations relative to ...
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41 views

Generate matrices at the given distance from the initial matrix

I have n-by-n correlation matrix $C_{ij}$, it's symmetric positive definite, and $C_{ii}=1$ and $C_{ij}\le1$ etc. I want to generate a bunch of matrices $M_{ij}$ which are on the same distance from ...
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2answers
311 views

Vector Fields in a Riemannian Manifold

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold. Is there a way to classify manifolds where there exists a vector field that commutes with the laplace beltrami operator? Thanks
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41 views

Normal fields of geodesic spheres

This question is related to this one (http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1383511/normal-curvature-of-geodesic-spheres) I've asked at math.stackexchange. Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian ...
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1answer
106 views

The momentum constraints in the ADM formulation of general relativity

Suppose that the space-time has a time function. Let $g_{ij}$ be the Riemannian metrics of the time slices, and $K_{ij}$ be the second fundamental forms. It is by Codazzi equation that $$ ...
3
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1answer
180 views

Orbits of Metrics under the Action of the Diffeomorphism Group

Consider the $n$-sphere $$ S^n = \{x\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}: 1 - \sum_{k=1}^{n+1} x_k^2 = 0\}, $$ and let $g_1$ be the induced metric. Given $\lambda\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}_{>0}$, we have the ellipsoid $$ ...
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1answer
118 views

Limited expansion of mean curvature of geodesic spheres

I am working with the Laplacian on a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ (compact, without boundary). In spherical geodesic coordinates $(r, \sigma)$ around some arbitrary $x \in M$ (where $\sigma$ denotes ...
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80 views

Immersed surfaces in Hyperbolic 3-manifolds

Given a hyperbolic 3-Manifold $M=\Gamma_{0}\setminus\mathbb{H}^3$, and a smooth, connected, compact immersed negatively curved surface $\Sigma=\Gamma\setminus\widetilde\Sigma\subset M$, where ...
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0answers
123 views

understanding geometry of eigen values of Ricci tensor [closed]

As per I can visualize the eigen value $\lambda$ of a linear map $T:V \rightarrow V$, defined by $Tv=\lambda v$, is actually the scaling factor of the vector in the same direction as of $v$.My ...
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3answers
638 views

Can the Laplace operator on $n-$ manifolds be represented as a sum of $n$ second order derivational operators

EDIT: According to some comments on this post I revise the title to remove the misunderestanding. Assume that $M$ is a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. The natural Laplace operator associated ...
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0answers
54 views

Derivation of an expression in the Ricci flow on surfaces

Recently I am studying Benett Chow and Dan Knopf's book titled Ricci flow: An Introduction. In Chapter 5 (Ricci flow on surfaces), I am stuck in a straightforward deduction. Maybe it is very simple, ...
3
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1answer
250 views

Smooth manifolds for which every metric is geodesically convex

Are there non compact smooth manifolds which have the property that every Riemannian metric is geodesically convex? Note that a manifold for which every Riemannian metric is complete must be compact. ...
3
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1answer
126 views

Action generated by geodesic flow is hamiltonian

I'm trying to understand why a certain action of a Lie Group is hamiltonian. Let $(M,g)$ be a geodesically complete Riemannian manifold. Then there exists a canonical one-form on the cotangentbundle ...
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1answer
180 views

Symmetries of non-Riemannian curvature tensor

The curvature tensor, $R_{ab}{}^c{}_d$, can be obtained from a connection which not necessarily is a metric connection. By construction it is antisymmetric in the first two indices, since roughly ...
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2answers
353 views

What does it mean that the Hessian is proportional to the metric?

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth manifold equipped with a metric tensor $g$, and $f\in C^\infty(M)$ a regular function (i.e., with nowhere vanishing differential). Denote by $\mathrm{Hess}_g(f):=\nabla df$ ...
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128 views

Gromov's compactness theorem for manifolds with boundary

The Gromov's compactness theorem says that if $\{M_i^n\}$ is a sequence of closed Riemannian manifolds of dimension $n$ with uniformly bounded diameter and uniformly bounded from below Ricci curvature ...
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239 views

Metrics on the 3-sphere with knotted geodesics

According to answers to this question every metrics on $S^3$ admits a simple closed geodesic. Given a knot (or link) $K$, it's also quite simple to build a metric on $S^3$ such that $K$ is a geodesic ...
3
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2answers
206 views

Triangles in rigid Riemann surfaces

Edit: We thank Vladimir Matveev for his comment on this post which leeds us to revise the question as follows: Assume that $M_{g}$ is a compact Riemann surface with constant negative cuvature (That ...
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0answers
81 views

$Pin^{+}(4k)$ and $Pin^{-}(4k)$ are isomorphic [Reference Request]

This is some sort of "follow-up" to the (unanswered) question posted here. Let's denote $$\varphi :O(2n)\rightarrow O(2n);A\mapsto det(A)\cdot A.$$ Then $\varphi $ is an automorphism of $O(2n)$, and ...
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0answers
82 views

Barycentric interpolation in hyperbolic triangles

Let $T$ and $T'$ be triangles in the hyperbolic plane $\mathbb{H}^2$, denote by $A, B, C$ and$A', B', C'$ their vertices respectively. Let $f : T \to T'$ be the unique "barycentric interpolation" that ...
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0answers
48 views

Determinant twist and $Pin _{\pm}$ structure on $4k$-dimensional bundles [Reference request]

Consider the automorphism $\varphi$ of $O(2n)$ given by $\varphi (A)=det(A)\cdot A$. The induced map in cohomology $H^*(BO(2n))$ sends $w_2$ to $w_2+(n+1)w_1^2$ (a proof is given at the end of the ...
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1answer
155 views

Non-flat totally geodesic surfaces

I'd like to know whether a Riemannian symmetric space of compact type admits a non-flat totally geodesic surface. I've found an article by Mashimo on the classification of these surfaces for certain ...
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Complex structure and antipode map on the space of measured geodesic laminations

Fix a closed hyperbolic surface $S$, which represents a point in the Teichmüller space $\mathcal{T}$ of the underlying topological surface. Thurston's earthquake theorem implies an identification ...
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82 views

What dimension bound is known on the singular set of a linear combination of eigenfunctions of Laplacian?

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth, closed Riemannian manifold and suppose that $\phi_1,\dots,\phi_m$ are eigenfunctions of the Laplacian on $M$. Write $f = \phi_1 + \dots + \phi_m$. How big can the set ...
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86 views

Toponogov comparison theorem for complex manifold

I would like to know some reference for the Toponogov comparison theorem for complex manifolds, in particular for complex manifolds with bounded holomorphic sectional curvature. As far as I know, the ...
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1answer
82 views

Sobolev chain rule on non-compact manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold (not of bounded geometry). Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be $C^1$ with $f'$ bounded and $f(0)=0$. Is the Sobolev chain rule valid for functions ...
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129 views

Difference between parallel transport composed with exponential maps along two different geodesics starting at the same point?

I asked this question on math.stackexchange too: it's not a homework problem, but something that came to my mind while thinking of commutation: ...
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0answers
90 views

Does null geodesic flow live on a natural compact bundle?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact pseudo-Riemannian manifold (closed or with boundary). A geodesic $\gamma:(a,b)\to M$ is called null if $g_{ij}\dot\gamma^i\dot\gamma^j=0$. The geodesic flow can be seen as a ...
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208 views

Prove that the Log-Euclidean distance is negative-definite

Let $\Bbb{S}_{++}^n$ be the $\frac{n(n+1)}{2}$-dimensional Riemannian manifold of the symmetric positive definite (SPD) $n\times n$ real matrices. The Log-Euclidean distance between two points of ...