**3**

votes

**2**answers

326 views

### Reference request for an early theorem of Gromov

In his talk Misha Gromov- How does he do it, Jeff Cheeger mentions a theorem of Gromov proved sometime in the early 70's. Theorem: Every manifold admitting a sequence of metrics such that the diameter ...

**14**

votes

**4**answers

956 views

### What is the analog of the “Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves,” for surfaces, and beyond?

The "Fundamental Theorem of Space Curves"
(Wikipedia link; MathWorld link)
states that there is a unique (up to congruence)
curve in space that simultaneously realizes
given continuous curvature ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

247 views

### Intersections of complex submanifolds in $\mathbb{C}^N$

This is an exercise from Gromov's Partial differential relations. (page 5)
Let $V$ and $V'$ be two closed complex submanifolds in $\mathbb{C}^N$ of complimentory dimension. Prove that $V$ and $V'$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

597 views

### What is the geometric interpretation of this quantity?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold. Using the metric to identify the tangent and cotangent bundles defines a natural symplectic
structure on the tangent bundle, $(TM, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Compact Riemannian manifold with maximum average distance

Given a compact connected Riemannian $2$-manifold $M$ with positive curvature (thus by Gauß-Bonnet, $M$ is diffeomorphic to a 2-sphere) and diameter 1, what is the supremum (as $M$ varies over all ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

207 views

### Some facts about cut-locus

Let $M$ be a 2-dimensional closed Riemmanian manifold diffeomorphic to $S^2$.
S.B.Myers says "the cut-locus of every point $x\in M$ is a finite tree."
How the set of point can be a tree? ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Deduce global estimate from scaling-invariant local estimate

Let $(M,g)$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold, with finite volume (or compactly exhausted, or any nice condition you would like, except for compactness). Suppose I have a tensor $T$ on $M$ of which ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

732 views

### Reference request: Geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic

I'm reading about the Mostow's rigidity theorem, and the proof uses the following (maybe well-known) result:
The geodesic flow on a manifold with negative curvature is ergodic.
The lecture note that ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

139 views

### lift of antiholomorphic involution of Riemann surface to its Jacobian's cohomology

Start from a connected closed Riemann surface $\Sigma_g,$
obtained as the (symmetric) covering of an open and/or unoriented surface
$\Sigma,$ namely $\Sigma=\Sigma_g/\Omega,$ where $\Omega$ is an ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

438 views

### Number of disjoint simple closed geodesics

According to Jairo comment on the first version of this question I revise the question as follows;
Let $g$ be a real analytic Riemannan metric on $S^{2}$. Is it true to say that:
There are at most a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

192 views

### Surface with bounded torsion propery [closed]

Let $S$ be a surface in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ with the following property:
There is a uniform constant $M$ such that for every Frenet curve $\gamma(t)$, contained in $S$, $| \tau(t) | \leq M$, for all ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

204 views

### Is the tangent bundle of hyperbolic space trivial?

Let $H$ be hyperbolic n-space. Let $TH$ be the tangent bundle of $H$, endowed with its Sasaki metric. I have two questions:
Is $TH$ isometric to $H$ times a flat n-space?
What is the group of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### On the Geroch's argument

During the study of Geroch's argument to prove positive mass theorem, I faced a problem explained below:
Suppose $(M,g_{\mu \nu})$ is a four dimensional Lorentzian Manifold and $\Sigma$ is a ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

359 views

### Spectrum of Laplacian in non-compact manifolds

What can be said about the spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a non-compact, complete Riemannian manifold of finite volume? For example, is the point spectrum non-empty?
What would be a ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

787 views

### Smoothing of the distance function on a Riemannian manifold

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a complete Riemannian manifold. $p\in M$ is a fixed point. $d_{p}(X)$ is the distance function defined by $p$ on M (i.e., $d_p(x)$=the distance between $p$ and $x$). Let ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Derivative of (the length of) the Ricci tensor

I was wondering, have you ever seen a formula in the Riemannian (more specially Kahlerian but not essential) setting for the derivative $X \cdot |Ric|^2 = 2 g(\nabla_X Ric, Ric)$ for a vector field ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

43 views

### Rational homogenous functions

I'm interested in the set $\mathcal{S}$ of rational functions $F \colon \mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}$ verifying:
\begin{align}
\Delta F=0 \quad \text{et} \quad F(\lambda x)= \lambda^d F(x) \quad d \in ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

275 views

### Is the set of focal points of a submanifold on a normal geodesic discrete?

Let $M$ be a complete riemannian manifold, $L$ a smooth submanifold of $M$ and $\gamma$ a geodesic with $\gamma'(0)$ normal to $L$. A focal point of $L$ is a critical value of the normal exponential ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

472 views

### Bi invariant Riemannian metric on a Lie Group

I'm trying to find an example of a Lie group $G$ which admits a bi-invariant Riemannian metric, and which has a closed subgroup $H$ such that the manifold $G/H$ does not admit a $G$-invariant ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

171 views

### Are ramified covering of negatively curved manifolds negatively curved?

Gromov and Thurston proved in "Pinching constants for hyperbolic manifolds" that any finite ramified covering of a compact hyperbolic manifold, along a codimension $2$ totally geodesic submanifold, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

64 views

### Existence of harmonic maps between loops

Given a Riemannian manifold $M$ and two smooth loops $\gamma_0, \gamma_1: S^1 \longrightarrow M$ in it, I am looking for maps $\phi: [0, T] \times S^1 \longrightarrow M$ which minimize the energy
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

39 views

### Prescribing finitely many unparameterised planar geodesics

Given a finite collection of embedded $C^\infty$ curves which pass through the origin in $\mathbb{R}^2$ with different tangent directions and never again intersect, is there a clean way of prescribing ...

**-1**

votes

**2**answers

183 views

### On the definition of convergence of a sequence of sections of a bundle

Convergence of a sequence of sections of a bundle is defined as follows:
Definition: Let $E$ be a vector bundle over a manifold $M$, and let metrics $g$ and connections $∇$ be given on $E$ and on ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Can an open manifold with positive Ricci curvature be non simply connected at infinity?

The question is in the title, I haven't been able to locate a discussion of these kind of properties.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

256 views

### Spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $L^p$: where is it?

On a noncompact Riemannian manifold $M$, the $L^2$-spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ sits inside $\mathbb{R}$ (by self-adjointness), either to the left or to the right of $0$ ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

256 views

### Are there quanitative versions of Thurston's geometrization for manifolds which fiber over $S^1$?

The geometrization theorem tells us:
Theorem (Thurston) The mapping torus $M_\phi$ of a pseudo-Anosov diffeomorphism $\phi: S_g \rightarrow S_g$ from a genus $g$ surface to itself admits a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Curve on a surface defined by its geodesic curvature

Suppose that $S$ is a smooth complete surface, and $c\colon [0,L]\to S$ is a smooth curve in $S$, parametrized by arc-length. Then $c$ is uniquely determined by its initial tangent vector and its ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

295 views

### Avoiding integers in the spectrum of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface

Let $\Sigma^2$ be an orientable compact surface of genus $gen(\Sigma)\geq2$, and denote by $\mathcal M(\Sigma)$ the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on $\Sigma$, i.e., Riemannian metrics of constant ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

114 views

### What is “Berger's isembolic inequality”?

Googled the name, but almost all result pointed to Berger's preprint.
Is there any reference for this?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

261 views

### How to understand two examples of spin bundle

I am confused by two examples of spinor bundles over 4-manifolds, which I saw in various places:
(1) The spinor bundle $S = S_+ \oplus S_-$ associated to a spin or spinc structure of Riemannian ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### What are Euler density and Weyl invariants?

I would like to know as to what is the definition and significance of what are called "Euler density" and "Weyl invariants" (of weight $-d$ on a $d-$manifold)
Do many (which?) of them vanish when ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

121 views

### Expressing the Ricci flow as a gradient flow in a case that manifold $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold with boundary

I want to express the Ricci flow as a gradient flow in a case that manifold $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold with boundary. For this I use the Einstein-Hilbert action
$$S(g_{\mu ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### discrete subgroups of the isometries of a product

Suppose $X_1$ and $X_2$ are two nice metric spaces, e.g. two Riemannian manifolds, and let $G_i=Isom(X_i)$. Then $G_1\times G_2\subset Isom(X_1\times X_2)$.
Suppose $X_1\times X_2$ is not compact and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### The Tangent Bundle of the Space of CR Structures on S^(2n+1)

Let $M$ be a smooth compact $n$-manifold without boundary, $g$ some choice of Riemannian metric on $M$, and $\omega_g$ the volume form gotten from $g$. Say you're interested in finding extrema for ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

321 views

### Interpetation of torsion and curvature in terms of families of nearby geodesics

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold with affine connection such that the metric is covariantly constant (so that the connection equals the Levi-Civita connection up to torsion).
I know the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Is there any open Ricci-flat ALE 4-manifold other than Hyper-Kahler ALE 4-manifolds?

Concerning my previous question Non simply connected HyperKähler 4-manifolds without ALE metrics the following question occurred to me:
Is there any open Ricci-flat ALE 4-manifold other than ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Manifold with a quasi-positive curvature

As far as I know, in a simply connected compact manifold, still there exists no well-known obstruction for a manifold with a quasi-positive curvature to be a manifold with positive curvature.
But ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

226 views

### Reference request for parallel transport

I am learning about parallel transport on a Riemannian manifold equipped with an affine connexion. It seems (if I understand it well) that, in general, we might not be able to compute the parallel ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

290 views

### Does positively curved sphere admit an isometric embedding as hypersurface in Euclidean space?

Let $(S^n, g)$ be an $n$-dimensional positively curved sphere. Assume the smoothness of the metric, does it admits an isometric embedding into $\mathbb R^{n+1}$?
for $n=2$ it is proved by A.D ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

394 views

### Reverse Ricci Flow and Longtime Existence

The usual Ricci flow and normalized Ricci flow for surfaces are
$$ \partial_t g = -2Kg $$
and
$$ \partial_t g = -2Kg + 2sg,$$
where $K$ is the Gaussian curvature and $s$ is its average.
The latter ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

214 views

### About Palais' remark that an isometry of Riemannian manifolds does not induce an isometry of the Hilbert manifolds of curves

In the paper ``Morse theory on Hilbert manifolds'' (1963), on page
326, Richard Palais makes a remark that if $\phi\colon V \to W$ is an
isometry (of submanifolds of $\mathbb{R}^n$), then this does ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

657 views

### Formal adjoint of the covariant derivative

Let $E \to M$ be a vector bundle over some Riemannian metric $(M, g)$ and endow it with some fibre metric. Assume that covariant derivative $\nabla$ is compatible with the metric.
It is essentially ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### Geometric meaning of a certain form in almost-Kähler geometry

I have difficulties finding an appropriate reference for the following question:
Let $(M^{2n},g,J,\omega)$ be a compact almost Kähler manifold. Let $\operatorname{ric}$ the usual Ricci tensor of ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### Hyperbolic Manifolds which fiber over the circle

If $N^2$ is a closed, orientable surface of genus at least $2$, and if $\phi$ is an (orientation-preserving) pseudo-Anosov mapping on $N$, then one can form the closed orientable 3-manifold $M^3$ by ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

163 views

### Regarding Ricci curvature of Markov chains

In Ricci curvature of Markov chains on metric spaces Yann Ollivier, defines a coarse Ricci curvature for a Markov chain with transition kernels $\{m_x\}$ defined on a metric space $(X,d)$ as follows: ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

372 views

### Isometry group of pseudo Riemannian manifold always a Lie group? (Myers-Steenrod)

Myers-Steenrod states that the isometry group of a Riemannian manifold is a Lie group. Is that also true for pseudo Riemannian manifolds? I didn't find anything related to that.
Cheers

**2**

votes

**1**answer

231 views

### Regularity of metric of the double of a Riemannian manifold

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold with totally geodesic boundary $\partial M$. We let $\check{M}$ be its double, i.e. the disjoint union of $M$ with itself under identification of corresponding ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### Buseman function on manifolds with $Ric \ge - \left( {n - 1} \right)$

It's well known that if M is a Riemannian manifold with $Ric \ge 0$ and contains a line $\gamma $. Set ${\gamma _ + } = \gamma \left| {_{[0, + \infty )}} \right.$, ${\gamma _ - } = \gamma \left| {_{[ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

322 views

### Shortest geodesic loop vs. shortest periodic geodesic

Are there simple conditions on a Riemannian metric on the two-sphere that imply that a geodesic loop of minimal length is actually a periodic geodesic?
For example, is this true for small ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

245 views

### iwaniec's conjecture

Does anyone know whether there is any geometric applications of the iwaniec's conjecture on $ l^p $ bound of beurling alfhors transform( or the complex hilbert transform). One application could have ...