Riemannian Geometry is a subfield of Differential Geometry, which specifically studies "Riemannian Manifolds", manifolds with "Riemannian Metrics", which means that they are equipped with continuous inner products.

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14
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3answers
616 views

Can the Laplace operator on $n-$ manifolds be represented as a sum of $n$ second order derivational operators

EDIT: According to some comments on this post I revise the title to remove the misunderestanding. Assume that $M$ is a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. The natural Laplace operator associated ...
0
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0answers
51 views

Derivation of an expression in the Ricci flow on surfaces

Recently I am studying Benett Chow and Dan Knopf's book titled Ricci flow: An Introduction. In Chapter 5 (Ricci flow on surfaces), I am stuck in a straightforward deduction. Maybe it is very simple, ...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

Smooth manifolds for which every metric is geodesically convex

Are there non compact smooth manifolds which have the property that every Riemannian metric is geodesically convex? Note that a manifold for which every Riemannian metric is complete must be compact. ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Action generated by geodesic flow is hamiltonian

I'm trying to understand why a certain action of a Lie Group is hamiltonian. Let $(M,g)$ be a geodesically complete Riemannian manifold. Then there exists a canonical one-form on the cotangentbundle ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

Symmetries of non-Riemannian curvature tensor

The curvature tensor, $R_{ab}{}^c{}_d$, can be obtained from a connection which not necessarily is a metric connection. By construction it is antisymmetric in the first two indices, since roughly ...
4
votes
2answers
337 views

What does it mean that the Hessian is proportional to the metric?

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth manifold equipped with a metric tensor $g$, and $f\in C^\infty(M)$ a regular function (i.e., with nowhere vanishing differential). Denote by $\mathrm{Hess}_g(f):=\nabla df$ ...
4
votes
0answers
117 views

Gromov's compactness theorem for manifolds with boundary

The Gromov's compactness theorem says that if $\{M_i^n\}$ is a sequence of closed Riemannian manifolds of dimension $n$ with uniformly bounded diameter and uniformly bounded from below Ricci curvature ...
22
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0answers
212 views

Metrics on the 3-sphere with knotted geodesics

According to answers to this question every metrics on $S^3$ admits a simple closed geodesic. Given a knot (or link) $K$, it's also quite simple to build a metric on $S^3$ such that $K$ is a geodesic ...
3
votes
2answers
203 views

Triangles in rigid Riemann surfaces

Edit: We thank Vladimir Matveev for his comment on this post which leeds us to revise the question as follows: Assume that $M_{g}$ is a compact Riemann surface with constant negative cuvature (That ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

$Pin^{+}(4k)$ and $Pin^{-}(4k)$ are isomorphic [Reference Request]

This is some sort of "follow-up" to the (unanswered) question posted here. Let's denote $$\varphi :O(2n)\rightarrow O(2n);A\mapsto det(A)\cdot A.$$ Then $\varphi $ is an automorphism of $O(2n)$, and ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

Barycentric interpolation in hyperbolic triangles

Let $T$ and $T'$ be triangles in the hyperbolic plane $\mathbb{H}^2$, denote by $A, B, C$ and$A', B', C'$ their vertices respectively. Let $f : T \to T'$ be the unique "barycentric interpolation" that ...
3
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0answers
48 views

Determinant twist and $Pin _{\pm}$ structure on $4k$-dimensional bundles [Reference request]

Consider the automorphism $\varphi$ of $O(2n)$ given by $\varphi (A)=det(A)\cdot A$. The induced map in cohomology $H^*(BO(2n))$ sends $w_2$ to $w_2+(n+1)w_1^2$ (a proof is given at the end of the ...
4
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1answer
146 views

Non-flat totally geodesic surfaces

I'd like to know whether a Riemannian symmetric space of compact type admits a non-flat totally geodesic surface. I've found an article by Mashimo on the classification of these surfaces for certain ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Complex structure and antipode map on the space of measured geodesic laminations

Fix a closed hyperbolic surface $S$, which represents a point in the Teichmüller space $\mathcal{T}$ of the underlying topological surface. Thurston's earthquake theorem implies an identification ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

What dimension bound is known on the singular set of a linear combination of eigenfunctions of Laplacian?

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth, closed Riemannian manifold and suppose that $\phi_1,\dots,\phi_m$ are eigenfunctions of the Laplacian on $M$. Write $f = \phi_1 + \dots + \phi_m$. How big can the set ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Toponogov comparison theorem for complex manifold

I would like to know some reference for the Toponogov comparison theorem for complex manifolds, in particular for complex manifolds with bounded holomorphic sectional curvature. As far as I know, the ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Sobolev chain rule on non-compact manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold (not of bounded geometry). Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be $C^1$ with $f'$ bounded and $f(0)=0$. Is the Sobolev chain rule valid for functions ...
4
votes
0answers
120 views

Difference between parallel transport composed with exponential maps along two different geodesics starting at the same point?

I asked this question on math.stackexchange too: it's not a homework problem, but something that came to my mind while thinking of commutation: ...
3
votes
0answers
89 views

Does null geodesic flow live on a natural compact bundle?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact pseudo-Riemannian manifold (closed or with boundary). A geodesic $\gamma:(a,b)\to M$ is called null if $g_{ij}\dot\gamma^i\dot\gamma^j=0$. The geodesic flow can be seen as a ...
5
votes
1answer
198 views

Prove that the Log-Euclidean distance is negative-definite

Let $\Bbb{S}_{++}^n$ be the $\frac{n(n+1)}{2}$-dimensional Riemannian manifold of the symmetric positive definite (SPD) $n\times n$ real matrices. The Log-Euclidean distance between two points of ...
6
votes
0answers
210 views

$C^1$ regularity of harmonic functions on Riemannian manifolds

Consider a smooth, connected and complete Riemannian manifold $M$. It is well known that harmonic functions defined on some open subset of $M$ are $C^\infty$. I'm interested in knowing whether there ...
3
votes
1answer
251 views

Volume of arithmetic quotients of symmetric spaces

Now let $\textbf{G}$ be some connected semisimple linear algebraic group over a number field $F$. Let $G_{\infty}$ be $\textbf{G}(\mathbb{R}\otimes_{\mathbb{Q}} F)$. Let $K_{\infty}$ be a maximal ...
1
vote
1answer
212 views

Diffeomorphism variation of the Christoffel symbol

Under an infinitesimal diffeomorphism the Riemann metric changes by the Lie derivative $$ \delta g_{\mu\nu} = ({\mathcal L}_\xi G)_{\mu\nu}=\nabla_\mu \xi_\nu+\nabla_\nu \xi_\mu $$ and under a change ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

Can every hyperelliptic genus 3 surface be minimally immersed in flat $T^3$

Every minimally immersed genus 3 surface in flat $T^3$ must be hyperelliptic, as the Gauss map gives the degree 2 covering map. How about the converse of this problem? The only thing I can find is ...
6
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0answers
185 views

Smooth morse theory of Riemannian distance functions

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, and $p\in M$. As $R>0$ increases, the topology of the ball $B(p,R)$ changes, but the changes happen only at a Lebesgue measure zero set of $R$. For instance, ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Decomposition of a closed surface

I know that I can decompose an hyperbolic closed surface of genus $g>1$ into $2(g−1)$ pants bounded by $3$ geodesics. It seems reasonable to think the same can be done for a closed surface of genus ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Bounding distance between geodesics in manifolds with nonpositive curvature

This is a duplicate of a question at the stackexchange which was not answered. I've recently read (in some notes by Mark Pollicott) the following related claims, which, although quite intuitive, I ...
1
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0answers
146 views

Taylor expansions of Riemannian exponential map and Jacobi fields? [closed]

Apologies if this is not exactly a research-level questions, but I've no known reference where I can figure it out myself. I asked this on math.stackexchange.com, ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Involution on the set of isomorphism classes of 2n-dimensional vector bundles induced by an involution of $O(2n)$

Denote by $\varphi$ the automorphism of $O(2n)$ given by $\varphi (A)=det(A)\cdot A$.This induces a self-map $B\varphi$ of $BO(n)$, so it induces a self-map (actually an involution) $B\varphi ^*$ on ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

existence of totally geodesic hypersurfaces

Assume we are on a smooth, complete Riemannian manifold $(M,g), dim(M) \geq 3$. What are the specific geometric/topological constraints for such a manifold to admit complete, totally geodesic ...
1
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1answer
182 views

Almost complex structure and nontrivial idempotents

Is there a compact Reiemannian manifold $M$ for which the following complex $C^{*}$ algebra does not have a nontrivial idempotent: $A=Hom(E,E)$ where $E$ is the complexification of $TM$. Of ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Gauss-Bonnet formula for 2-dimensional Alexandrov spaces

EDIT: Let $S$ be a closed orientable 2-dimensional surface equipped with a metric with curvature $\geq \kappa$ in the sense of Alexandrov. Questions 1. Can one define a measure $K$ on $S$ (thought ...
1
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0answers
86 views

Taylor expansion in Riemannian foliations

Take: $M$ a Riemannian manifold, ${X_0}\in M$, $N_{X_0}$ a submanifold of $M$ going through ${X_0}$, and $Z \in N_{X_0}$ in a neighborhood of ${X_0}$. At ${X_0} \in N_{X_0}$, we consider the ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

What is the relation between two Riemannian metrics with the same Riemannian curvatures?

Consider two flat Riemannian metrics on a manifold. What is the general relation between these two metrics if the manifold is not simply-connected? What is the answer if two Riemannian metrics have ...
6
votes
2answers
126 views

Geodesics on convex hypersufaces

Let $M^n$ be the boundary of a convex compact set in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ with non-empty interior. Question 1. Is $M$ geodesically complete, i.e. is it true that every geodesic (= locally shortest ...
6
votes
2answers
156 views

Alexandrov spaces which are not limits of Riemannian manifolds

Are there important/ interesting/ natural examples of compact Alexandrov spaces with curvature bounded from below which are not Gromov-Hausdorff limits of smooth compact Riemannian manifolds with ...
4
votes
2answers
191 views

Totally geodesic submanifold of a hyperbolic 3-manifold

If $M$ is a convex-cocompact hyperbolic 3-manifold, and $S$ is a closed surface with genus $\geq$ 2. Suppose $f:S\to M$ is a minimal immersion, and $f(S)$ is negatively curved. I know that all the ...
7
votes
0answers
128 views

Nice applications of Liouville's theorem

I need a big list of nice-looking and simple applications of Liouville's theorem on geodesic flow in Riemannian geometry. Please help. Examples: A Riemannian manifold with finite volume does not ...
1
vote
1answer
166 views

Using Jacobi fields to approximate parallel transport along geodesic:is the following limit true?

I apologize if this is not a research level question (already tried asking http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1303288/relation-between-parallel-transport-and-jacobi-field-iion stack exchange with ...
0
votes
2answers
176 views

Special connection of vector bundle over real manifold

Let $E \rightarrow M$ be a vector bundle over a smooth manifold $M$ and let $g$ be a bundle metric. Does there exists a conection (maybe unique) $\nabla$ which is compatible with $g$. By this I mean: ...
8
votes
2answers
360 views

Lower bound on the first eigenvalue of the Laplace-Beltrami on a closed Riemannian manifold

It has been proved by Li-Yau and Zhong-Yang that if $M$ is a closed Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$ with nonnegative Ricci curvature, then the first nonzero eigenvalue $\lambda_1(M)$ of the ...
193
votes
9answers
17k views

John Nash's Mathematical Legacy

It would seem that John Nash and his wife Alicia died tragically in a car accident on May 23, 2015 (reference). My condolences to his family and friends. Maybe this is an appropriate time to ask a ...
1
vote
0answers
149 views

Spherical cap is the only compact constant mean curvature surface bounded by a circle

I would like to see that the only compact rotationally invariant constant mean curvature surfaces with boundary a planar circle, are either a planar disk or a spherical cap. This is stated in the ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

Does anyone know how to describe the zero set of the Jacobian of injective harmonic maps in space?

Consider the following question: Let $\mathbb{B}^m$ be hyperbolic space and let $f : \mathbb{B}^m \rightarrow \mathbb{B}^m$ be harmonic $K$-qc map. Does $f$ have critical points on $\mathbb{B}^m$? ...
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votes
1answer
157 views

Finding Riemannian metric for this geodesic [closed]

In a $d$-dimensional manifold, given a geodesic equation $\gamma^i(t)=a^i\phi(tb^i),i\in 1\ldots d$, where $\phi:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^+$ is an increasing function, $a^i>0,b^i$ are ...
11
votes
0answers
309 views

Vector field built from connection and metric

Consider a smooth finite-dimensional manifold $M$ with metric $g$ and connection $\nabla$. For some local coordinate system, denote by $g^{\alpha \beta}$ the inverse of the metric tensor and by ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Can a cylinder be regarded as a Riemannian manifold? [closed]

Consider the surface of a bounded cylinder consisting of a top,bottom and side part together with the metric induced by the euclidean norm on $\mathbb{R}^3$. Can this space be regarded as a Riemannian ...
1
vote
1answer
299 views

Flat Riemannian manifold

Is it true that a Riemannian manifold is flat, if and only if a coordinate transformation $f$ exists, such that the geodesics after transformation is in linear form ...
7
votes
2answers
322 views

Where is the exponential map a diffeomorphism?

Let $M$ be a closed compact Riemannian manifold. The exponential map $\mathrm{exp}:TM\to M\times M$ takes $(p,v)$ to $(p,\gamma_v(1))$, where $\gamma_v$ is the geodesic flow at $p$ in the direction ...
2
votes
4answers
637 views

Intrinsic definition of arc length [closed]

Is there an intrinsic way of defining the arc length of a curve in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$, that is without resorting to a parametrization of the curve?