**1**

vote

**2**answers

156 views

### How is the metric tensor related to the Hessian of the first fundamental form?

I know that the metric tensor can not always be formulated as a Hessian, but sometimes it can. Can you help me to understand what the special conditions are under which the metric tensor is a Hessian ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

168 views

### The necessary and sufficient condition for $\textbf{global}$ conformal flatness of a n-dim (pseudo-)Riemannian manifold

There is a theorem :
1) 2-dim (pseudo-)Riemannian manifold must be local conformal flat;
2) 3-dim (pseudo-)Riemannian manifold is local conformal flat iff the Cotton tensor vanishes.
3) n-dim (n>3) ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

214 views

### A question on certain elliptic PDE

Consider the elliptic PDE "CR"
$$\begin{cases} U_{xx}=V_{yy}\\U_{yy}=-V_{xx} \end{cases}$$
And its consequence "LAP" $$U_{xxxx}+U_{yyyy}=0$$.
Somehow, these equations are similar to the Cauchi ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Can the graph Laplacian be well approximated by a Laplace-Beltrami operator?

It seems rather well known that given a Laplace-Beltrami operator $\mathcal{L}_{M}$ on a manifold $M$ we can approximate its spectrum by that of a graph Laplacian $L_{G}$ for some $G$ (where $G$ is ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Parallel transport along a reparametrized geodesic

Let $M$ denote a Riemannian manifold, $\gamma$ a geodesic of $M$ defined on $\mathbb{R}$. Let $t_{0} \in \mathbb{R}$ and $(\alpha,\beta) \in \mathbb{R}^{2}$. I define the reparametrized geodesic ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

103 views

### Complementary integrable vector fields

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Assume that $X$ is a non vanishing vector field tangent to $M$.(Or assume that we have a one dimensional foliation of $M$). Under what geometric ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Focal points for the exponential map and Jacobi fields

It is known that in a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, if there is a closed geodesic and a non-zero, periodic, non-constant Jacobi field along it, then M has a focal point. Is the converse true? That is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Does there exist this special kind of homeomorphism?

Let $A,B\subset\mathbb{R}^n, n\geq 2,$ are two different shaped spindles. One is thick and one is thin. (Sorry for my unprofessional statements. Unsure about how to say it rigorously.) So there are ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

298 views

### Behavior of the spectrum of the Laplacian under pointed smooth convergence

The Laplacian on a compact Riemannian manifold has a discrete spectrum. For example on a circle of perimeter $L$ the $n$-th eigenvalue starting at $0$ is $-\lambda_n = -(2\pi/L)^2 n^2$.
On the other ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

165 views

### connections and curvature

Let $(M, g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Is it possible to construct two different affine (or metric) connections, say $\nabla$ and $\nabla'$, which induce the SAME curvature tensor, i.e. $R(X, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### Local geodesics in uniquely geodesic spaces

A while ago I asked this
question in Math Stackexchange. Since I didn't receive an answer so far, I thought I'd ask it here.
Suppose $Y$ is a proper length space, where every pair of points $x,y\in ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### Laplace-Beltrami operator on a Lie group

For an arbitrary Lie group, is it always possible to chose a left-invariant Riemannian metric such that the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ is given by
$$\Delta f = \delta^{i j} X_i X_j f$$
for ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

105 views

### Smoothness of the exponential map at the origin

Let $(M, g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold, $p \in M$, and $\exp_P$ the exponential map at the point $P$:
$\exp_P: T(P) \to M$
It seems clear to me that $\exp_P$ is smooth on $U \setminus \{0\}$, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### Spectral multipliers vis-a-vis Differential geometry

Let us mention two papers for examples: this one by Seeger and Sogge and this by Cheeger, Gromov and Taylor. One can also mention papers by Stein, for example, this one. There are also many others of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

295 views

### Yang-Mills equations are not elliptic [closed]

How does one prove that the Yang-Mills equations (from classical Yang-Mills theory) are not elliptic?
Alternatively, how does one calculate the principal symbol of the Yang-Mills equations?
Can ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

218 views

### Are shortest halving curves simple closed geodesics?

Let $S$ be a smooth convex surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$
(although my question may as well be asked for the surface of a polyhedron).
Say that $\gamma$ is a shortest halving curve if
(a) it partitions the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### The Cauchy Problem in General Relativity: Existence of a Hausdorff Development

This is related to a problem that I posed about a year ago. I was given several references by a number of experts who were kind enough to entertain my rather arcane question. Those references were ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

680 views

### Is there any progress on Problem 12 (from Schoen and Yau)?

I saw the following question from the "Problem Section" in Schoen and Yau, page 281, problem 12:
Let $M_1, M_2$ each have negative curvature. If $\pi_1 (M_1)=\pi_1 (M_2)$, prove that $M_1$ is ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

833 views

### If there is a dense geodesic, are almost all geodesics equidistributed? Dense?

Let $M$ be a complete finite volume Riemannian manifold and $\gamma : \mathbb{R}^{\geq 0} \to M$ a geodesic. Suppose that $\mathrm{im}(\gamma)$ is dense. Is it equidistributed in the Riemannian ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

341 views

### The surjectivity of the exponential map for the isometry group

Little is known on general conditions guaranteeing that the exponential map between a Lie algebra and an associated Lie group is surjective.
Let $M$ be a noncompact connected Riemann manifold, and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Question about a particular estimate in Riemannian geometry

I have been studying the book Some Nonlinear Problems In Riemannian Geometry - Thierry Aubin. On page $46$ he begins the proof of the Sobolev imbedding theorem to manifolds. The proof is divided in ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### The Chern connection on a Hermitian symmetric domain

There's a connection (the Chern connection) on the Tangent Bundle of a Kahler Manifold which is compatible with both the hermitan metric, and the holomorphic structure. In general, I guess there's no ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### How to prove this inequality of heat flow from Weitzenbock formula?

Let $(M,g), (N,h)$be a compact Riemannian manifolds, $m:=\dim M, n:=\dim N\geq 2$,
and $N$ is a non-positive curvature $K_N\leq 0$. All connections which appear below are the Levi-Civita connections. ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

685 views

### Ellipses on spheres (and other surfaces)

Define an ellipse $E$ on a sphere as the locus of points whose sum of
shortest geodesic distances to two foci $p_1$ and $p_2$ is a constant $d$.
There are conditions on $\{ p_1, p_2, d \}$ for this ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### The limit of a sequence of embedded minimal disks in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $\Sigma_n,n\ge 1$ be a sequence of embedded minimal disks in $\mathbb{R}^3$ such that:
(1) $0\in\Sigma_n\subset B(0,r_n)$ with $r_n\to\infty$ as $n$ tend to $\infty$,
(2) ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### The points of half area of a triangle

Let $S$ be a simply connected Riemannan surface . Suppose $\Delta ABC$ is a triangle on $S$. The Area of a triangle is denoted by $\mathcal{A}$. A point $P$ in the interior of $\Delta ABC$ is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Quadric functions on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold such that the parallel transport along every simple closed curve is the identity operator. A smooth function $f:M\to \mathbb{R}$ is called a quadric function if ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### totally geodesic submanifold of Heisenberg group

Let $G= \left\{ \begin{pmatrix} 1&a&c\\0&1&b\\0&0&0 \end{pmatrix} \mid a,b,c\in \mathbb{R} \right\}$ be the Heisenberg group. Is there a compact codimension one submanifold ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### What is the difference between $\delta W^{\pm}=0$ and Einstein?

Maybe this is a vague question. In Besse's book Einstein manifolds, $\delta W^{\pm}=0$ is considered as a generalization of Einstein metrics on four-manifolds. I was wondering what is the difference ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### Decomposition of $\mathrm{O}(n)$-modules coming from differential geometry

Let $V$ be a $n$-dimensional real vector space equipped with a positively definite scalar product $g$ and let $\mathrm{O}(n)$ be the automorphism group of $(V,g)$. View $V^{\otimes k}$ as a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### Analytic representatives for Kahler classes

If we are given compact complex manifold $X$ and a Kahler class $[\omega]$,
can we always find a positive definite representative $\omega \in [\omega]$ that is
real analytic?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

419 views

### The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise (exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of Do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Hessian eigenspaces form integrable distributions on a Riemannian manifold?

Suppose $M$ is a Riemannian manifold and $f:M\to\mathbb{R}$ a differentiable function. I can form the Hessian $H$ of $f$ (with respect to the Levi-Civita connection); this is a symmetric bilinear ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### On the volume entropy of negatively curved manifolds

Let $X$ be the universal cover of a closed negatively curved Riemannian manifold. Let $x_0\in X$ be a base point, $S$ be the unit sphere in $T_{x_0}X$ and $\exp:T_{x_0}X\rightarrow X$ be the ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

265 views

### Is the group of isometries of a homogeneous Riemannian manifold maximal?

I have a homogeneous Riemannian manifold X with isometry group Iso. Is Iso a maximal group? By maximal group, I mean that there does not exist another group G such that:
Iso is a proper subgroup of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Variational inequality on Manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Consider $A : W^{1,r}(M,\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow W^{-1,r'}(M,\mathbb{R}), k \mapsto Ak$, where $Ak$ is defined by $(Ak)(\varphi) = \int_{M}g(\nabla k, \nabla ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

156 views

### Harmonic Function with special property

I would appreciate any help with the following problem:
Let $(M,g)$ be a 3 dimensional Riemann manifold with boundary. Let $ \Gamma $ be a surface of sufficient regularity dividing M into two ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### A question on Schrodinger operator

I am not sure whether I should ask for help here or math stackexchange. I got trouble with an inequality involving the Schrodinger operator on manifolds. Any suggestion is appreciated!
Let $(M,g)$ be ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

121 views

### Volume bounds of balls in Riemannian manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a complete Riemannian manifold and suppose $\mathrm{Ric}(g) \geq -k$ for some $k>0$. Suppose we know that $\mathrm{vol}_g (B_1^g (x_0)) \geq \nu$ for some particular $x_0 \in M$ and ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Volume of geodesic balls

I have two questions (somewhat related) regarding local geometry on a SMOOTH, COMPACT Riemannian manifold. I still have a hard time getting a "good" understanding of local geometry.
Question 1:
It ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### Counterexample to volume comparison inequality assuming only scalar curvature bound?

The Gromov-Bishop volume comparison theorem says that if we have a lower bound for the Ricci curvature on $(M,g)$, then its geodesic ball has volume not greater than the geodesic ball with the same ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### Coarse geometry of minimal surfaces in non-positively curved manifolds

Let $X$ be a simply-connected Riemannian manifold of non-positive curvature and $S\subset X$ be a complete minimal surface.
(You can basically image $X$ as a ball and $S$ as an embedded disk whose ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### $\mathbb{CP}^1$-structures and hyperbolic Gauss maps

Let $\Sigma$ be a closed surface of genus at least $2$.
Put a quasi-Fuchsian $\mathbb{CP}^1$-structure (i.e. complex projective structure) on $\Sigma$. Thus the universal cover $\tilde{\Sigma}$ is ...

**-5**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### compact complex manifolds and complet curves [closed]

let $X$ be a compact complex manifold of dimension one .
my first question is : 1) -does all compact complex manifolds of dimension one admit
nonconstant meromorphic function ? .
now , let ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

316 views

### Taylor expansion of the determinant of a Riemannian metric

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold without boundary. Fix a point $x\in M$ and $N\ge 2$ large. Then there exists a metric $\tilde g$, conformal to $g$ such that $$ \det \tilde g=1+O(r^N)$$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

88 views

### A question on the maximum principle for Schrodinger operators

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a closed Riemannian manifold, and $L=-\Delta+V$ be a Schrodinger operator, $V\in C^{\infty}(M)$. In answers to the two questions (First eigenvalue of Schrödinger operator is simple 1 ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

118 views

### Estimate the smallest eigenvalue of a Schrodinger operator

There are several results on the estimate of the number of negative eigenvalues of a Schrodinger operator, see a recent paper of Grigor'yan-Nadirashvili-Sire and references therein. I wonder how to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Describe all differentiable functions on $\mathbb{S}^n \backslash S$ (S is the south pole) [closed]

Consider the sphere $\mathbb{S}^n$ embedded in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. Let $N$ be the north pole of the sphere and $S$ the south pole. Every point on $\mathbb{S}^n \backslash \{N,S\}$ is defined uniquely ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### local approximation of a vector field on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, and let $V$ be a $C^{\infty}$ vector field on $M$. Is it possible to locally approximate $V$ by gradient vector fields $\nabla f_i$, such that the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Local behavior of Killing spinor on Sasaki-Einstein Manifold

I am trying to understand how a Killing spinor behaves near a closed Reeb orbit, for instance, on $S^5$ and $Y_{p,q}$ manifolds
So Let us consider the Killing spinor equation on a five-dimensional ...