Riemannian Geometry is a subfield of Differential Geometry, which specifically studies "Riemannian Manifolds", manifolds with "Riemannian Metrics", which means that they are equipped with continuous inner products.

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Do all surfaces (2d riemanian manifolds) admit constant curvature? [closed]

There seems to be a lot of theorems allowing to prove restricted cases of this (eg. uniformization, classification theorem for compact surfaces) . Intuitively, it seems true, but I've never seen a ...
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301 views

Geodesics on manifolds with boundary

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold with non-empty boundary. Is there any notion of injectivity radius on $(M,g)$ in points away from the boundary? By this I mean points lying in $M- \partial M$. ...
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336 views

Alternative proof of Varadhan's formula on Riemann manifolds

Consider Varadhan's famous formula for the kernel of the heat equation on a manifold: $$ \lim_{t \rightarrow 0} t \log h(t,x,y) = - \frac{d(x,y)^2}{4} .$$ I do not have access to his 1967 two ...
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1answer
164 views

A geometric property of singular matrices

Let $S\subset M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ be the singular points of the equation $Det=0$. That is $S$ is the critical points of the determinant function. What matrices belongs to $S$, precisely? Let ...
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1answer
198 views

Linearisation of Einstein operator

Let $(M,g)$ be a $(m+1)$-dimensional Riemannian manifold with Levi-Civita connection $\nabla$. The Ricci curvature can be viewed as a differential operator ...
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210 views

The heat kernel as an exponential of an integral

In $\mathbb{R}^n$, if $\gamma$ is a line segment between $x_0 = \gamma (0)$ and $x = \gamma (t)$, one has the following formula: $$\frac {\mathbb{e}^{- \frac{1}{4} \int_0^t <\dot{\gamma}, ...
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175 views

“Parallel translate” of a geodesic in the following sense [closed]

Since I'm lazy, I'm shamelessly referring to the following question: Derivative of Exponential Map Given a Riemannian manifold $M$, let $\gamma: (a,b) \to M$ be a geodesic and $E$ a parallel vector ...
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1answer
77 views

Does the green kernel converge as a series of functions?

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact rimannian manifold. It is well known that we can diagonalyse the Green kernel as a $L^2$ operator acting on functions. Moreover we have the convergence of the following ...
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298 views

Kernel of Bianchi operator: Is a (smooth tame) Frechet manifold?

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold, $\mathcal{S}=\Gamma(\odot^2T^*M)$ the smooth tame Frechet space of smooth symmetric $2$-covariant tensors, and $\mathcal{M}=\Gamma(\odot^2_+T^*M)$ the smooth tame ...
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88 views

Positive curvature of the boundary away from a point implies regularity?

In a paper I'm refereeing, the authors make use of the following geometric fact: Let $U$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$. If there is a point $p\in \partial U$ so that $\partial U \backslash p$ ...
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131 views

Closed geodesics avoiding points in hyperbolic surfaces

Let $\Sigma$ be a closed hyperbolic surface. Is it true that for any finite collection of points $x_1,\ldots,x_n\in\Sigma$ there exists a closed geodesic $\gamma$ containing none of them? Remark: It ...
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263 views

Have heat kernels for generalized Laplacians on non-compact manifolds been constructed?

Let $M$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold which is "nice enough", and $D$ a generalized Laplacian on it. The construction of the heat kernel for the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $M$ seems to be ...
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1answer
251 views

Besse p134 Riemann tensor in dimension 4

Does someone have a reference for the proof of 4.72 page 134 of Einstein Manifolds? It is said that $$\check{R}-\vert R\vert^2g/4=S/3 (Ric-S/4) +2\mathring{W}(Ric -S/4) $$ because we are in dimension ...
5
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2answers
282 views

Geodesics and Riemannian submersions

Let $X,Y$ be Riemannian manifolds, and $f\colon X\to Y$ be a Riemannian submersion. Let $\gamma$ be a geodesic on $X$ starting at a point $x\in X$ and which is orthogonal to the fiber $f^{-1}(f(x))$. ...
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180 views

A question on the twistor space of a manifold

Let $M$ be either (a) self-dual conformal 4-manifold, or (b) hypercomplex $4n$-manifold. In either case one can construct the twistor space $Z$ (in the case (b) $Z=\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^1\times M$ as a ...
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0answers
111 views

Coordinate charts on converging Riemann surfaces

Let $S$ be a $2-$dim manifold and $q \in S$. Furthermore, let $j_{n}$ be a sequence of complex structures on $S$ converging in $C^{\infty}_{\text{loc}}$ to a complex structure $j$ on $S$ as ...
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141 views

Canonical Immersion of the Double Torus

It is easy to check that the immersion $\mathbb{T}^2=\mathbb{S}^1\times \mathbb{S}^1\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}^4$, $(\alpha,\beta)\longmapsto(\cos\alpha,\sin\alpha,\cos\beta,\sin\beta)$ induces the ...
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194 views

The geometry of the holomorph of a Lie group

Every Lie group $G$ is naturally contained in its holomorph Hol($G$) = $G \rtimes $ Aut($G$) Is Hol$(G)$ always a Lie group? If the answer is yes our main questions: 1.For a left ...
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1answer
107 views

Parallel transport on a Hadamard manifold

Suppose, $X$ is a Hadamard manifold, i.e., a simply connected manifold of non-positive sectional curvature. Fix a point $w$ in $X$. Consider any three points $x, y, z$ in $X$. Let $\tau_{x, w}$ and ...
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1answer
101 views

Certain construction of the Itô integral on manifolds

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $X \in \mathfrak{X}(\mathbb{R}\times M)$ be a time-dependent vector field on $M$. I want to construct the Itô integral $$ I(X) = \int_0^T \langle X(t, ...
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1answer
412 views

Compact riemannian manifolds with boundary that have infinite volume?

I am looking for references in the literature pertaining to (essentially riemannian) metric spaces that are compact of infinite volume, such in the following example. Consider a riemannian metric on ...
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2answers
822 views

Exact Definition of Dirac Operator

Many definitions of the Dirac operator in the tradition of the Physics literature are hard to grasp for a mathematician. I would like to ask for a precise, general, definition of the Dirac operator ...
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1answer
92 views

Isotopy of positively curved surfaces of revolution in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Consider a surface of revolution of positive curvature. My question is, what are the surfaces (with boundary) in $\mathbb{R}^3$ which are isotopic to the surface of revolution, provided each member of ...
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2answers
84 views

Reference request: minimal (maximal) Lorentzian surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^{1,2}$

Let $R^{1,2}$ be the Minkowski 3-space, I would like to know any references about minimal (maximal) orientable Lorentzian surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^{1,2}$, including examples and maybe general theories, ...
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1answer
161 views

Compact surfaces with boundary of constant negative curvature

Consider a surface (with boundary) diffeomorphic to $S^1 \times [0, 1]$ and with constant negative curvature, sitting inside $\mathbb{R}^3$. All the examples I know of such surfaces are "part of" (or ...
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1answer
178 views

Commutative spectral triples

The corresponence between compact Hausdorff topological spaces and commutative unital $C^*$-algebras is rather well known: Gelfand Najmark theorem gives perfect correspondence between these ...
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1answer
186 views

Some quantities which definitions are (somehow) similar to the classical Divergence

Motivated by classical formulas $L_{X}=d\circ i_{X}+i_{X}\circ d$ and $L_{X} \Omega=Div(X) \Omega$ and the essential role of the diff operator $d$ in definition of divergence, we define some ...
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Isometries of Compact Semisimple Lie Groups

In this delightful question, the poster mentioned that the isometry group of a compact Lie group $G$, equipped with the metric from the Killing form, is $G\times G/Z(G)$, where $Z(G)$ is the center of ...
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127 views

Bounded functions dense in Sobolev Spaces

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold. Is it always true that the subspace $C^2_b(M)\cap W^{2,p}(M)$ is dense in $W^{2, p}(M)$, where $C^2_b(M)$ denotes the space of functions that are uniformly ...
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382 views

Distance function to a submanifold

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and $\Sigma\subset M$ a closed submanifold. Given $x\in M$ we define the distance function to $\Sigma$ by $$d_\Sigma(x):=\inf\{d(x,y):y\in \Sigma\},$$ where ...
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Do geodesics in SL2R map to geodesics in the hyperbolic plane?

I am looking for a reference/proof/disproof of the following statement. Equip the Lie group $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ with the left-invariant Riemannian metric, whichis given on the Lie algebra by $\langle ...
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113 views

A consequenc of a Lie group act on a Riemannian manifold by isometry

I am learning differential geometry for using this topic in my research. I am stuck to prove following Result which I got in a article. Formulation: Let $ f: [0, 1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ be a ...
3
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1answer
160 views

A surface on which all regular curves have nowhere vanishing curvature

Let $S$ be a surface in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ such that every regular curve $\gamma\subset S$ has nowhere vanishing curvature, that is $\kappa(z)\neq 0$ for all $z\in \gamma$. Does this imply that ...
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2answers
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Dilatation of surface diffeomorphisms

Let $S$ be a higher genus surface, let $f\colon S\to S$ be a diffeomorphism and let $f_*\colon H_1(M)\to H_1(M)$ be the induced homology automorphism. Define dilatation of $f_*$ as the largest ...
3
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1answer
88 views

Classification of spherical polygons

I need some sort of classification (up to isometry) of spherical polygons (i.e. polygons in $\mathbb{S}^2$ whose edges are given by geodesics) subject to the interior angles and the perimeter of the ...
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0answers
108 views

Continuous family of constant scalar curvature metrics

The question is as follows: Does there exist an example of a (continuous) family of metrics $g_t$ on a compact manifold such that the following properties hold? All metrics $g_t$ have constant ...
2
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1answer
109 views

Is the on-diagonal heat kernel “local” with respect to the metric?

Question Let $X$ be a manifold, and $\mu_A$, $\mu_B$ two Riemannian metric on it which agree on an open subset $U\subset X$, i.e. $\mu_{A\,|U} = \mu_{B\,|U}$. Let $K_A(t;z,w)$ resp. $K_B(t;z,w)$ be ...
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2answers
147 views

Frobenius condition

Suppose X and Y are two unit length vector fields on a Riemannian manifold which are orthogonal at each point. Is it true that the lie bracket of X, Y belongs to the span of the vector fields at each ...
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1answer
101 views

Complex transport equation

Consider an n dimensional Riemannian manifold with boundary. Let $\Phi$ be a complex valued smooth function defined in M. Does there exist a NONE VANISHING complex valued function $u$ that solves the ...
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1answer
174 views

Sectional curvature as a Hamiltonian on the Grassmanization of the tangent bundle

Edit: According to the comments to the previous version of this question, I remove my essential errors in the question. I thank the commenters very much. Let $M$ be a n dimensional manifold. ...
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0answers
105 views

Evolution of local oscillation of scalar curvature under Ricci flow

I apologize in advance if the question will turn out to have an obvious answer but my knowledge of Ricci flow is quite limited. Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth compact Riemannian manifold. I denote by $d_{g}$ ...
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4answers
743 views

Green's operator of elliptic differential operator

Let $P:\Gamma(E)\rightarrow\Gamma(F)$ be an elliptic partial differential operator, with index $=0$ and closed image of codimension $=1$, between spaces $\Gamma(E)$ and $\Gamma(F)$ of smooth sections ...
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1answer
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Surfaces with specific types of second fundamental form

Given a three dimensional Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ and a surface $\Sigma \subset M$ can one categorize surfaces where the second fundamental form of $\Sigma$ is a scalar multiple of the induced ...
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New setting for tensor definition

This is the standard definition for a tensor in a smooth manifold (Nakahara, for example): But while reading Salamon's Riemannian Geometry and Holonomy Groups I have found this rather different ...
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1answer
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metric on ${\bf SPD}_n({\mathbb R})$

The cone ${\bf SPD}_n({\mathbb R})$ of symmetric positive definite matrices is endowed with a nice geometrical structure. The midpoint of the (unique) geodesic between $A$ and $B$ is the so-called ...
9
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1answer
853 views

Formula for the Perimeter of a spherical triangle?

Consider the ordinary sphere $\mathbb{S}^2\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ and a spherical triangle $T\subset \mathbb{S}^2.$ I'm looking for a formula from which the perimeter $P$ of $T$ is "computable" given ...
5
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2answers
314 views

Poincare-like inequality on compact Riemannian manifolds

I am looking for a Poincare Inequality on balls but instead of euclidean space, I have a compact Riemannian manifold without boundary. The inequality I am looking for is the equivalent of $$ ...
4
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1answer
137 views

Minimal surfaces + Semi-Geodesic Coordinates

Let $(M,g)$ be a three dimensional smooth Riemannian manifold and suppose that $\Gamma$ is an embedded minimal surface in $M$. Define the Fermi or semigeodesic coordinates around this surface through ...
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2answers
212 views

Isothermal-related functions in higher dimensions

I am interested in getting some geometrical or analytical perspective in studing the following complex pde. I would appreciate any help. Consider $ (M,g)$ to be a 3 dimensional Riemannian manifold ...
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60 views

Obstructions for existence of a Riemannian metric such that a given function is harmonic

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^{n}\to \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function. What type of obstructions exist for existence of a Riemannian metric $g$ on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ such that $f$ is a harmonic ...