**2**

votes

**0**answers

196 views

### Is there any progress on Problem 13 (from Schoen and Yau)?

This is closed related to the question asked here. I wonder if there is any progress on Problem 13 from the "Problem Section" in Schoen and Yau, page 281, problem 13, which asks:
Let $M_1$ and $M_2$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### The complex heat kernel on a Riemann manifold

There is a vast literature available for the heat kernel. Nevertheless, I haven't been able to find almost anything useful about the kernel of the equation $\frac{1}{\mathbb{i}} \frac{\partial ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Generalized metric on spacetimes

I read many articles about space-times. Most authors consider these spaces as warped product manifolds $I\times M$ where $I$ is an open connected interval of the real line and $M$ is a Riemannian ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Has uniform ellipticity implications on the spectrum?

Let $X$ be a complete Riemann surface with a smooth metric, and $L$ a line bundle on it also equipped with a smooth metric; associated to this data there is a Laplace-Beltrami operator $D_L$ acting on ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Does local reducibility imply global reducibility of universal covering?

Let $M$ be a locally reducible complete Riemannian manifold, that is, for any $p \in M$, we can find an open set $U$ around $p$ and two Riemannian manifolds $X$ and $Y$ such that $U$ is isometric to ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Harmonic maps and centers of mass in Riemannian manifolds

Consider a smooth map $f : M \to N$ between two Riemannian manifolds $(M,g)$ and $(N,h)$. I would like to think of the tension field of $f$ and the harmonicity of $f$ in terms of centers of mass.
I ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

867 views

### Manifolds admitting flat connections

For each Riemannian manifold one can construct the Levi-Civita connection. While this connection is unique, we can call a (Riemannian) manifold flat if the Levi-Civita connection is flat. However when ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

158 views

### Reference for when a metric on a four-manifold is Kahler?

In a paper of Derdzinski (Proposition 5), he proved that if $\delta W^+=0$ and $W^+$ has at most two distinct eigenvalues, then the metric is (locally) conformally Kahler, and if in addition the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Generalized Hawking Mass

This is a fairly general question. Let $(M^3,g)$ be a Riemannian 3-manifold. Let $\Sigma^2$ be a dimension-2 submanifold of $M$. The Hawking mass of $\Sigma^2$ is defined as
$m(\Sigma^2) := ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Horizontal lift of differential operator

On a Riemannian manifold $M$, there is a canonical horizontal lift $X^{\mathrm{hor}}$ of vector fields $X$ to $TM$, which is characterized by the two properties that
$X^{\mathrm{hor}}$ is a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Hilbert's Theorem relevance to positive curvature

In differential geometry, Hilbert's theorem (1901) states that there exists no complete regular surface S of constant negative Gaussian curvature K immersed in $ R^3 $. This theorem answers the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Does this squared distance functional have a unique critical point on geodesically convex manifolds?

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold with distance function $d$, $C \subset M$ a geodesically convex set, $a=(a_i)_{i=1}^n \in C^n$, $W \in \mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}^{n \times n}$ and $J\colon C^n \rightarrow ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

307 views

### If all balls around two points are isometric… — manifold version

This question is a natural follow-up of this other question, asked earlier today by wspin.
Let's say that a metric space $(X,d)$ has two poles if:
there are two distinct points $x$, $y$ such that ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

124 views

### The “Rolle theorem” for sections of a vector bundle

1)Assume that $E\to M$ is a smooth real vector bundle and $\nabla$ is a connection. (We do not assume any metric compatibility since we do not fix a metric on $E$). Assume that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### Is the identification between symmetric tensors and homogeneous polynomials useful?

The general question:
Given an $n$-dimensional vector space $V$ over a field $k$, there exists an identification
$$\mathrm{Sym}^d(V) \sim k[x_1, \dots, x_n]_d$$
between the space of symmetric order ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

100 views

### Riemann curvature of $S^1$-principal bundle

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and $\pi:P \to M$ be $S^1$- principal fiber bundle endowed with a connection $\Gamma$. For every $p\in P$ we have,
$$T_pP \simeq T_pV\oplus\Gamma_p$$
Where $V$ ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

196 views

### The unit tangent bundle of 2- or 4-manifolds as a principal $S^{1}$- or $S^{3}$-bundle

What type of obstructions have been studied so that the unit tangent bundle of a Riemannian 2-(4-)manifold have a structure of a principal $S^{1}$-($S^{3}$-)bundle?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### $C^0$ estimate for solutions of elliptic PDE with Neumann BC

I am interested in a reference for (or counterexample to) a particular
$C^0$ estimate for solutions of the Laplace equation with Neumann
boundary conditions. More precisely, let $(M,g)$ be a ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

436 views

### Examples of non isometric surfaces having the same curvature function

I think it is really natural to believe, after doing Riemannian geometry for a little time, that sectional curvature encodes the all local geometry of a Riemannian manifold. One of the first thing one ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### co-dimension one minimizing verifolds

It is known that a minimizing co-dimension verifolds within a manifold may need to be singular. I think a famous example first partially analyzed by Jim Simons is the cone on in the 8-ball of the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

107 views

### Nonpositive curvature of Stein manifolds

It is a theorem of Greene and Wu that a complete, simply-connected Kaehler manifold of everywhere nonpositive sectional curvature is a Stein manifold. I am curious about what kinds of additional ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Normal-like coordinates for weakly differentiable metrics

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian $W^{2,p}$ metric, with $p>n/2$. Thus $g$ is at least continuous. At any point $P\in M$, do there exist local coordinates $x^i$ such that $g$ can be decomposed as $g_{ij} ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

300 views

### Simple, closed geodesics in $\mathbb{S}^3$ manifold

Lyusternik and Shnirel'man were the first to prove
Poincaré's conjecture that any Riemannian metric on $\mathbb{S}^2$ has
at least three simple (non-self-intersecting), closed geodesics.
See, e.g., ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

348 views

### Approximation theorem for Anti-Self-Dual Metrics

Rounge's Theorem states that any meromorphic function on a domain inside $\mathbb{C}$ can be approximated (over compact subsets) by a sequence of rational functions (meromorphic functions on ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

163 views

### How is the metric tensor related to the Hessian of the first fundamental form?

I know that the metric tensor can not always be formulated as a Hessian, but sometimes it can. Can you help me to understand what the special conditions are under which the metric tensor is a Hessian ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

172 views

### The necessary and sufficient condition for $\textbf{global}$ conformal flatness of a n-dim (pseudo-)Riemannian manifold

There is a theorem :
1) 2-dim (pseudo-)Riemannian manifold must be local conformal flat;
2) 3-dim (pseudo-)Riemannian manifold is local conformal flat iff the Cotton tensor vanishes.
3) n-dim (n>3) ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

215 views

### A question on certain elliptic PDE

Consider the elliptic PDE "CR"
$$\begin{cases} U_{xx}=V_{yy}\\U_{yy}=-V_{xx} \end{cases}$$
And its consequence "LAP" $$U_{xxxx}+U_{yyyy}=0$$.
Somehow, these equations are similar to the Cauchi ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Can the graph Laplacian be well approximated by a Laplace-Beltrami operator?

It seems rather well known that given a Laplace-Beltrami operator $\mathcal{L}_{M}$ on a manifold $M$ we can approximate its spectrum by that of a graph Laplacian $L_{G}$ for some $G$ (where $G$ is ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Parallel transport along a reparametrized geodesic

Let $M$ denote a Riemannian manifold, $\gamma$ a geodesic of $M$ defined on $\mathbb{R}$. Let $t_{0} \in \mathbb{R}$ and $(\alpha,\beta) \in \mathbb{R}^{2}$. I define the reparametrized geodesic ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

111 views

### Complementary integrable vector fields

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Assume that $X$ is a non vanishing vector field tangent to $M$.(Or assume that we have a one dimensional foliation of $M$). Under what geometric ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Focal points for the exponential map and Jacobi fields

It is known that in a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, if there is a closed geodesic and a non-zero, periodic, non-constant Jacobi field along it, then M has a focal point. Is the converse true? That is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Does there exist this special kind of homeomorphism?

Let $A,B\subset\mathbb{R}^n, n\geq 2,$ are two different shaped spindles. One is thick and one is thin. (Sorry for my unprofessional statements. Unsure about how to say it rigorously.) So there are ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

299 views

### Behavior of the spectrum of the Laplacian under pointed smooth convergence

The Laplacian on a compact Riemannian manifold has a discrete spectrum. For example on a circle of perimeter $L$ the $n$-th eigenvalue starting at $0$ is $-\lambda_n = -(2\pi/L)^2 n^2$.
On the other ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

167 views

### connections and curvature

Let $(M, g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Is it possible to construct two different affine (or metric) connections, say $\nabla$ and $\nabla'$, which induce the SAME curvature tensor, i.e. $R(X, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Local geodesics in uniquely geodesic spaces

A while ago I asked this
question in Math Stackexchange. Since I didn't receive an answer so far, I thought I'd ask it here.
Suppose $Y$ is a proper length space, where every pair of points $x,y\in ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### Laplace-Beltrami operator on a Lie group

For an arbitrary Lie group, is it always possible to chose a left-invariant Riemannian metric such that the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ is given by
$$\Delta f = \delta^{i j} X_i X_j f$$
for ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

106 views

### Smoothness of the exponential map at the origin

Let $(M, g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold, $p \in M$, and $\exp_P$ the exponential map at the point $P$:
$\exp_P: T(P) \to M$
It seems clear to me that $\exp_P$ is smooth on $U \setminus \{0\}$, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### Spectral multipliers vis-a-vis Differential geometry

Let us mention two papers for examples: this one by Seeger and Sogge and this by Cheeger, Gromov and Taylor. One can also mention papers by Stein, for example, this one. There are also many others of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

297 views

### Yang-Mills equations are not elliptic [closed]

How does one prove that the Yang-Mills equations (from classical Yang-Mills theory) are not elliptic?
Alternatively, how does one calculate the principal symbol of the Yang-Mills equations?
Can ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

220 views

### Are shortest halving curves simple closed geodesics?

Let $S$ be a smooth convex surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$
(although my question may as well be asked for the surface of a polyhedron).
Say that $\gamma$ is a shortest halving curve if
(a) it partitions the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### The Cauchy Problem in General Relativity: Existence of a Hausdorff Development

This is related to a problem that I posed about a year ago. I was given several references by a number of experts who were kind enough to entertain my rather arcane question. Those references were ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

683 views

### Is there any progress on Problem 12 (from Schoen and Yau)?

I saw the following question from the "Problem Section" in Schoen and Yau, page 281, problem 12:
Let $M_1, M_2$ each have negative curvature. If $\pi_1 (M_1)=\pi_1 (M_2)$, prove that $M_1$ is ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

848 views

### If there is a dense geodesic, are almost all geodesics equidistributed? Dense?

Let $M$ be a complete finite volume Riemannian manifold and $\gamma : \mathbb{R}^{\geq 0} \to M$ a geodesic. Suppose that $\mathrm{im}(\gamma)$ is dense. Is it equidistributed in the Riemannian ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

350 views

### The surjectivity of the exponential map for the isometry group

Little is known on general conditions guaranteeing that the exponential map between a Lie algebra and an associated Lie group is surjective.
Let $M$ be a noncompact connected Riemann manifold, and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Question about a particular estimate in Riemannian geometry

I have been studying the book Some Nonlinear Problems In Riemannian Geometry - Thierry Aubin. On page $46$ he begins the proof of the Sobolev imbedding theorem to manifolds. The proof is divided in ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### The Chern connection on a Hermitian symmetric domain

There's a connection (the Chern connection) on the Tangent Bundle of a Kahler Manifold which is compatible with both the hermitan metric, and the holomorphic structure. In general, I guess there's no ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### How to prove this inequality of heat flow from Weitzenbock formula?

Let $(M,g), (N,h)$be a compact Riemannian manifolds, $m:=\dim M, n:=\dim N\geq 2$,
and $N$ is a non-positive curvature $K_N\leq 0$. All connections which appear below are the Levi-Civita connections. ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

689 views

### Ellipses on spheres (and other surfaces)

Define an ellipse $E$ on a sphere as the locus of points whose sum of
shortest geodesic distances to two foci $p_1$ and $p_2$ is a constant $d$.
There are conditions on $\{ p_1, p_2, d \}$ for this ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### The limit of a sequence of embedded minimal disks in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $\Sigma_n,n\ge 1$ be a sequence of embedded minimal disks in $\mathbb{R}^3$ such that:
(1) $0\in\Sigma_n\subset B(0,r_n)$ with $r_n\to\infty$ as $n$ tend to $\infty$,
(2) ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### The points of half area of a triangle

Let $S$ be a simply connected Riemannan surface . Suppose $\Delta ABC$ is a triangle on $S$. The Area of a triangle is denoted by $\mathcal{A}$. A point $P$ in the interior of $\Delta ABC$ is ...