2
votes
0answers
82 views

Focal points for the exponential map and Jacobi fields

It is known that in a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, if there is a closed geodesic and a non-zero, periodic, non-constant Jacobi field along it, then M has a focal point. Is the converse true? That is ...
0
votes
0answers
133 views

connections and curvature

Let $(M, g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Is it possible to construct two different affine (or metric) connections, say $\nabla$ and $\nabla'$, which induce the SAME curvature tensor, i.e. $R(X, ...
5
votes
1answer
151 views

Laplace-Beltrami operator on a Lie group

For an arbitrary Lie group, is it always possible to chose a left-invariant Riemannian metric such that the Laplace-Beltrami operator $\Delta$ is given by $$\Delta f = \delta^{i j} X_i X_j f$$ for ...
4
votes
1answer
227 views

Spectral multipliers vis-a-vis Differential geometry

Let us mention two papers for examples: this one by Seeger and Sogge and this by Cheeger, Gromov and Taylor. One can also mention papers by Stein, for example, this one. There are also many others of ...
0
votes
1answer
255 views

Yang-Mills equations are not elliptic [closed]

How does one prove that the Yang-Mills equations (from classical Yang-Mills theory) are not elliptic? Alternatively, how does one calculate the principal symbol of the Yang-Mills equations? Can ...
14
votes
2answers
728 views

If there is a dense geodesic, are almost all geodesics equidistributed? Dense?

Let $M$ be a complete finite volume Riemannian manifold and $\gamma : \mathbb{R}^{\geq 0} \to M$ a geodesic. Suppose that $\mathrm{im}(\gamma)$ is dense. Is it equidistributed in the Riemannian ...
5
votes
1answer
287 views

The surjectivity of the exponential map for the isometry group

Little is known on general conditions guaranteeing that the exponential map between a Lie algebra and an associated Lie group is surjective. Let $M$ be a noncompact connected Riemann manifold, and ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

The Chern connection on a Hermitian symmetric domain

There's a connection (the Chern connection) on the Tangent Bundle of a Kahler Manifold which is compatible with both the hermitan metric, and the holomorphic structure. In general, I guess there's no ...
0
votes
0answers
118 views

How to prove this inequality of heat flow from Weitzenbock formula?

Let $(M,g), (N,h)$be a compact Riemannian manifolds, $m:=\dim M, n:=\dim N\geq 2$, and $N$ is a non-positive curvature $K_N\leq 0$. All connections which appear below are the Levi-Civita connections. ...
20
votes
1answer
516 views

Ellipses on spheres (and other surfaces)

Define an ellipse $E$ on a sphere as the locus of points whose sum of shortest geodesic distances to two foci $p_1$ and $p_2$ is a constant $d$. There are conditions on $\{ p_1, p_2, d \}$ for this ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

The limit of a sequence of embedded minimal disks in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $\Sigma_n,n\ge 1$ be a sequence of embedded minimal disks in $\mathbb{R}^3$ such that: (1) $0\in\Sigma_n\subset B(0,r_n)$ with $r_n\to\infty$ as $n$ tend to $\infty$, (2) ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

The points of half area of a triangle

Let $S$ be a simply connected Riemannan surface . Suppose $\Delta ABC$ is a triangle on $S$. The Area of a triangle is denoted by $\mathcal{A}$. A point $P$ in the interior of $\Delta ABC$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

What is the difference between $\delta W^{\pm}=0$ and Einstein?

Maybe this is a vague question. In Besse's book Einstein manifolds, $\delta W^{\pm}=0$ is considered as a generalization of Einstein metrics on four-manifolds. I was wondering what is the difference ...
9
votes
1answer
239 views

Decomposition of $\mathrm{O}(n)$-modules coming from differential geometry

Let $V$ be a $n$-dimensional real vector space equipped with a positively definite scalar product $g$ and let $\mathrm{O}(n)$ be the automorphism group of $(V,g)$. View $V^{\otimes k}$ as a ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Analytic representatives for Kahler classes

If we are given compact complex manifold $X$ and a Kahler class $[\omega]$, can we always find a positive definite representative $\omega \in [\omega]$ that is real analytic?
1
vote
0answers
194 views

The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise(exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of Do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...
3
votes
3answers
225 views

Is the group of isometries of a homogeneous Riemannian manifold maximal?

I have a homogeneous Riemannian manifold X with isometry group Iso. Is Iso a maximal group? By maximal group, I mean that there does not exist another group G such that: Iso is a proper subgroup of ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Variational inequality on Manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. Consider $A : W^{1,r}(M,\mathbb{R}) \rightarrow W^{-1,r'}(M,\mathbb{R}), k \mapsto Ak$, where $Ak$ is defined by $(Ak)(\varphi) = \int_{M}g(\nabla k, \nabla ...
2
votes
1answer
260 views

A question on Schrodinger operator

I am not sure whether I should ask for help here or math stackexchange. I got trouble with an inequality involving the Schrodinger operator on manifolds. Any suggestion is appreciated! Let $(M,g)$ be ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Volume bounds of balls in Riemannian manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a complete Riemannian manifold and suppose $\mathrm{Ric}(g) \geq -k$ for some $k>0$. Suppose we know that $\mathrm{vol}_g (B_1^g (x_0)) \geq \nu$ for some particular $x_0 \in M$ and ...
4
votes
1answer
221 views

Volume of geodesic balls

I have two questions (somewhat related) regarding local geometry on a SMOOTH, COMPACT Riemannian manifold. I still have a hard time getting a "good" understanding of local geometry. Question 1: It ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

Counterexample to volume comparison inequality assuming only scalar curvature bound?

The Gromov-Bishop volume comparison theorem says that if we have a lower bound for the Ricci curvature on $(M,g)$, then its geodesic ball has volume not greater than the geodesic ball with the same ...
3
votes
0answers
112 views

$\mathbb{CP}^1$-structures and hyperbolic Gauss maps

Let $\Sigma$ be a closed surface of genus at least $2$. Put a quasi-Fuchsian $\mathbb{CP}^1$-structure (i.e. complex projective structure) on $\Sigma$. Thus the universal cover $\tilde{\Sigma}$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
213 views

Taylor expansion of the determinant of a Riemannian metric

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold without boundary. Fix a point $x\in M$ and $N\ge 2$ large. Then there exists a metric $\tilde g$, conformal to $g$ such that $$ \det \tilde g=1+O(r^N)$$ ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

A question on the maximum principle for Schrodinger operators

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a closed Riemannian manifold, and $L=-\Delta+V$ be a Schrodinger operator, $V\in C^{\infty}(M)$. In answers to the two questions (First eigenvalue of Schrödinger operator is simple 1 ...
1
vote
0answers
102 views

Estimate the smallest eigenvalue of a Schrodinger operator

There are several results on the estimate of the number of negative eigenvalues of a Schrodinger operator, see a recent paper of Grigor'yan-Nadirashvili-Sire and references therein. I wonder how to ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

Describe all differentiable functions on $\mathbb{S}^n \backslash S$ (S is the south pole) [closed]

Consider the sphere $\mathbb{S}^n$ embedded in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. Let $N$ be the north pole of the sphere and $S$ the south pole. Every point on $\mathbb{S}^n \backslash \{N,S\}$ is defined uniquely ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

local approximation of a vector field on a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M^n,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold, and let $V$ be a $C^{\infty}$ vector field on $M$. Is it possible to locally approximate $V$ by gradient vector fields $\nabla f_i$, such that the ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Local behavior of Killing spinor on Sasaki-Einstein Manifold

I am trying to understand how a Killing spinor behaves near a closed Reeb orbit, for instance, on $S^5$ and $Y_{p,q}$ manifolds So Let us consider the Killing spinor equation on a five-dimensional ...
1
vote
1answer
231 views

Sharp Gaussian upper bounds on Heat Kernel

I am looking for references (with proof) for the following statement: Let $(M, g)$ be a Riemannian manifold with bounded curvature and let $p_t(x , y)$ be the heat kernel of $M$. Let $K$ be ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

Application of conformal normal coordinates for higher order elliptic operator

Let $n>2$ be even. Consider a compact Riemannian manifold $(M^n,g)$ and denote with $P_g$ the critical GJMS operator. Recall that $P_g$ is conformally invariant, i.e. $$P_{\tilde g}=e^{-nu}P_g$$ ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

de Rahm Laplace operator on forms bounded

Let $M$ be a closed differentiable manifold. Let $E^{p}(M)$ be the vector space of $p$-forms on $M$ equipped with the $L^{2}$-inner product $(\alpha, \beta) = \int_{M}\alpha \wedge \star \beta$. The ...
3
votes
0answers
164 views

Can we obtain topology results using analysis in metric measures spaces?

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold. It is known that a lower bound on the Ricci curvature is equivalent to the convexity of the entropy on $\mathcal{P}^2(M)$ (Von Rennesse and Sturm '05), but I ...
1
vote
2answers
341 views

Geodesic equation from Christoffel symbols

Let $\mathcal{P}:=\mathcal{P}(\mathcal{X})$ be the manifold of all (strictly positive) probability vectors (distributions) on $\mathcal{X}=\{x_0,\dots,x_n\}$, i.e., each $p=(p(x_0),\dots,p(x_n))\in ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Decomposition of the canonical flat connection on $\tilde M\times_{\rho} SL(n,\mathbb{C})$

I'm looking for a proof resp. reference for a statement of the following form: Let $M$ be a compact Riemann surface, $\tilde M$ its universal covering, $\rho$ a semisimple representation of its ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Bounds on functions pullbacked via exponential map

Let us assume that $M$ is a compact Riemannian manifold (without boundary). For any point $x\in M$, we can pullback $C^\infty(M)$ functions to $T_x M$ via the exponential map, by setting $$ (\exp_x^* ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Optimal Regularity for Invariance of Curvature under Isometries

It is well known that sectional curvature is an invariant under isometries. I wonder what the optimal regularity for this result to hold is (in terms of Hölder-spaces)?. It is classical that ...
12
votes
2answers
872 views

Does there exist a closed manifold that can be given both a Euclidean and a Hyperbolic structure?

I originally asked this on math.stackexchange, where I asked if there could exist a closed manifold that could be given different geometric structures of constant curvature (not at the same time, of ...
3
votes
1answer
247 views

Special Riemannian connections?

Assume that $E$ is a bundle of Lie Algebras. Let $g$ be an invariant metric on $E$, that is for all $p\in M$, $$g_p([x,y],z)+g_p(y,[x,z])=0,$$ where $x,y,z\in E_p$ are arbitrary. Is there a ...
9
votes
2answers
428 views

Obtain Lorentzian manifolds from Riemannian ones by Wick rotation

In some cases, Wick rotation of a metric, formally consisting in substituting a coordinate with i times the coordinate itself, allows one to construct a Riemannian manifold starting from a Lorentzian ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Notions of convexity for the boundary of a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a compact smooth Riemannian manifold with boundary $\partial M\subset M$. Question: What does it mean to say that the boundary is convex and strictly convex? Alternatively: What ...
1
vote
1answer
144 views

Relation between volume of reduced space and phase space

Let $G$ ba a compat Lie group and $\frak g$ be its Lie algebra, then by Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory we know that if $J:M\to \frak g^*$ be its equivariant moment map then the reduced space is ...
1
vote
1answer
202 views

A special type of transitivity

Let $M$ be a smooth orientable manifold with volume form $\Omega$. Fix two pints $x,y \in M$. Put $A$=all volume preserving diffeomorphism of M which maps $x$ to $y$. Define $B$=All linear volume ...
8
votes
2answers
274 views

A Scalar Curvature Computation in Brendle Marques Neves' Min-Oo Conjecture paper

I'm reading a paper on the Min-Oo Conjecture (http://arxiv.org/abs/1004.3088), and I'm stuck on the following step in a proposition: Given a metric $g_0(t)$ on the upper hemisphere $\mathbb{S}^n_+$, ...
5
votes
1answer
166 views

Question about conjugate points

If there exist two geodesics from $p$ to $q$ that are not only different from each other but also infinitesimally close to each other, then it implies that $q$ is conjugate to $p$. Can anyone give an ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

If there exists a nontrivial vector field $V$ such that $\nabla_{X}V=0$ for any vector field $X$, the manifold must be flat?

If there exists a nontrivial vector field $V\not=0$ in Riemannian manifold $M$ and an open set $U\subset M$ such that $\nabla_{X}V=0$ in $U$ for any vector field $X$ in $M$, then dose $U$ have to be ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Factor of 2 In the Definition of Metric Contact Structure

In Blair's book and many many literatures, I see definition of a contact metric manifold which involves a relation \begin{equation} d\kappa \left( {X,Y} \right) = g\left( {X,\Phi Y} \right) ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

Riemannian metric and Volume form for $SE(n)$ and/or $E(n)$

I wonder what happens when you construct the Tiling spaces considering the natural action of $SE(n)$ or $E(n)$ rather than $\mathbb R^n$. In order to do that, I need to understand both the (left ...
5
votes
5answers
952 views

Can anyone give an example of Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian Manifold that is not flat?

Does there exist a Ricci flat Riemannian or Lorentzian manifold which is geodesic complete but not flat? And is there any theorm about Ricci-flat but not flat? I am especially interset in the case ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Connection on canonical $\operatorname{Spin}^\mathbb{C}$ spinor bundle on symplectic manifold

Let $W$ be the canonical $\operatorname{Spin}^\mathbb{C}$ spinor bundle on a symplectic 4-manifold $(M, \omega)$, with a compatible $J$ and $g$, so \begin{equation} {W_ + } = {T^{0,0}}{M^*} ...