**46**

votes

**5**answers

5k views

### Quasicrystals and the Riemann Hypothesis

Let $0 < k_1 < k_2 < k_3 < \cdots $ be all the zeros of the Riemann zeta function on the critical line:
$$ \zeta(\frac{1}{2} + i k_j) = 0 $$
Let $f$ be the Fourier transform of the sum ...

**42**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### If the Riemann Hypothesis fails, must it fail infinitely often?

That is must there either be no non-trivial zeros off the critical line or
infinitely many?
I'm sure that no one believes otherwise, but I've never seen a theorem in the
literature addressing this. ...

**41**

votes

**9**answers

3k views

### Geometric / physical / probabilistic interpretations of Riemann zeta(n>1)?

What are some physical, geometric, or probabilistic interpretations of the values of the Riemann zeta function at the positive integers greater than one?
I've found some examples:
1) In MO-Q111339 ...

**35**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is this integral representation of $\zeta(2n+1)$ known?

Background: I'm an undergraduate at an institution with no researchers in analytic number theory, and no ties to the analytic number theory community. I believe I have found what is, as far as I can ...

**35**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Optimization problem arising from the study of zeta zeros

Motivation: The following problem arose in [1] while studying the vertical distribution of the zeros of the Riemann zeta-function. At the time, my collaborators and I were unable to solve it and I ...

**33**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### $\zeta(0)$ and the cotangent function

In preparing some practice problems for my complex analysis students, I stumbled across the following. It is not hard to show, using Liouville's theorem, that
$$\pi\cot(\pi ...

**33**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### The Bourgain-Demeter-Guth breakthrough and the Riemann zeta function?

Yesterday Bourgain, Demeter and Guth released a preprint proving (up to endpoints) the so-called main conjecture of the Vinogradov's Mean Value Theorem for all degrees. This had previously been only ...

**31**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### $\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} n^{\mu(n)}=\frac{1}{4 \pi ^2}$

When I tested this in Mathematica, I had expected it to say it did not converge. However, I got this:
$$\prod_{n=1}^\infty n^{\mu(n)}=\frac{1}{4 \pi ^2}$$
Note: this is the reciprocal of (3) ...

**31**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Is it possible to show that $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\mu(n)}{\sqrt{n}}$ diverges?

Let $\mu(n)$ denote the Mobius function with the well-known Dirichlet series representation
$$
\frac{1}{\zeta(s)} = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\mu(n)}{n^{s}}.
$$
Basic theorems about Dirichlet series ...

**28**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### What is Ricardo Pérez-Marco's eñe product? Does it explain his statistical results on differences of zeta zeros?

The number theory community here at University of Michigan is abuzz with talk of this paper recently posted to the arxiv. If you haven't seen it already, the punch line is that the global differences ...

**26**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Does the equation $1 + 2 + 3 + \dots = -\frac{1}{12}$ have a natural $p$-adic interpretation?

Consider the equation
$$1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + \cdots = - \frac{1}{12},$$
"proved" by Ramanujan Euler. One correct way to interpret this is that $\zeta(-1) = - \frac{1}{12},$ where $\zeta(s) = \sum_{n = ...

**25**

votes

**6**answers

4k views

### Explicit formula for Riemann zeros counting function

I've often seen it stated (in vague terms) that there's a Fourier duality between the set of prime numbers and the set of nontrivial Riemann zeta zeros.
Because there are various explicit formulae ...

**23**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### How good is “almost all” when it comes to the Riemann Hypothesis?

Let $N(T)$ be the number of zeroes of the Riemann zeta function $\zeta$ having imaginary part strictly between $0$ and $T$, and let $N_0(T)$ be the number of those zeroes that also have real part ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Good uses of Siegel zeros?

The short version of my question goes: What is known to follow from the existence of Siegel zeros?
A longer version to give an idea of what I have in mind: The "exceptional zeros" of course first ...

**20**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Are the 'semi' trivial zeros of $\zeta(s) \pm \zeta(1-s)$ all on the critical line?

The proof that $\Gamma(z)\pm \Gamma(1-z)$ only has zeros for $z \in \mathbb{R}$ or $z= \frac12 +i \mathbb{R}$ has been given here:
Are all zeros of $\Gamma(s) \pm \Gamma(1-s)$ on a line with real ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### zeta(3) in terms of derivatives of zeta at 1/2 and pi

Got numerical support that for odd $n$, $\zeta(n)$ might be
expressed in terms of the derivatives of $\zeta(\frac12)$.
Based on More Zeta Functions for the Riemann Zeros, Andre Voros, p.12, Table 3:
...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

526 views

### stable homotopy groups and zeta function

I have heard during a discussion that there is a well known relation between the stable homotopy groups of a sphere (more precisely the order of stable homotopy groups of localized sphere spectrum ...

**16**

votes

**4**answers

983 views

### What are the obstructions to showing that $\zeta$ doesn't vanish on the strip $1- \varepsilon < {\rm Re}(s) \leq 1$

Most (if not all) of the proofs of the Prime Number Theorem that I have seen in the
literature rely on the fact that the Riemann zeta function, $\zeta(s)$, does not vanish
on the line ${\rm Re}(s) = ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

827 views

### Riemann's $\zeta$ function and the uniform distribution on $[-1,0]$

http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/64566/riemanns-zeta-function-and-the-uniform-distribution-on-1-0
Stackexchange isn't getting really excited about this, so here it is.
The $n$th cumulant of ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

549 views

### The Riemann zeros and the heat equation

The Riemann xi function $\Xi(x)$ is defined, with $s=1/2+ix$, as
$$
\Xi(x)=\frac12 s(s-1)\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s)=2\int_0^\infty \Phi(u)\cos(ux) \, du,
$$
where $\Phi(u)$ is defined as
$$
...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Does this infinite sum provide a new analytic continuation for $\zeta(s)$?

It is well known that the infinite sum:
$$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^s}$$
only converges for $\Re(s)>1$.
The Dirichlet 'alternating' sum:
$$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### On the Universality of the Riemann zeta-function

Hi,
I have a question regarding the universality property of the Riemann zeta-function. I am no expert on this, so I'd be glad for any relevant reference.
First, recall Voronin's remarkable theorem ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

971 views

### Certain functional equations for the Riemann Zeta function?

Referring to this question I asked on math.SE.
I am posting a more generalized question here, for answers and further inquiry.
For the Riemann zeta function, we know of the standard functional ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

886 views

### Regularizing the divergent sum $1^k + 2^k + \cdots$

EDIT:
Under this "regularization", the harmonic series can be interpreted as $s_{-1}$ and assigned a value $$s_{-1} = \lim_{k \rightarrow 1} \zeta(k) (2-2^k) = -2 \log 2$$
I was looking at ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

632 views

### Special values of $\zeta$ outside the real line and the critical strip

The values of Riemann's function at the integers have been extensively studied. I was wondering, is there anything interesting known (or conjectured) to happen arithmetically outside the real line ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

718 views

### Zeros of the derivative of Riemann's $\xi$-function

The Riemann xi function $\xi(s)$ is defined as
$$
\xi(s)=\frac12 s(s-1)\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s).
$$
It is an entire function whose zeros are precisely those of $\zeta(s)$.
Since $\xi$ is real ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### How did Riemann calculate the first few non-trivial zeros of Zeta?

Does anyone know how Riemann calculated the first few non-trivial zeros of the Zeta function? I am wondering if he approximated the integral, $\frac{1}{2 \pi i} \int_{R} \frac{{\xi}^\prime(z)}{\xi ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

660 views

### non-trivial zeros of partial zeta functions

Let $N,a\in\mathbf{Z}_{\geq 1}$. Define a partial $\zeta$-function as
$$
\zeta(s;N,a):=\sum_{\substack{n\geq 1\newline n\equiv a\pmod{N}}} \frac{1}{n^s}
$$
where $Re(s)>1$. Let $\omega$ be either ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

460 views

### One-to-one correspondance between zeta zeros and the prime powers? [closed]

This question is highly speculative, but I would really appreciate some insight into the problem. Previously asked on MSE without answer here.
I have noticed an interesting property related to the ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### The zeta function and classical mechanics

In this paper, Guilherme França and André LeClair show that $$\gamma_{y}\sim 2 \pi \left(y-11/8\right)/W\left((y-11/8)e^{-1}\right)$$ where $W$ is the Lambert W function, and $\gamma_{y}$ is the ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

859 views

### Why do $12$ and $120$ occur very often in the denominators of $\zeta(-n)$ for odd $n$?

$\zeta(-n) = - \dfrac{B_{n+1}}{n+1}$
$\zeta(-2n) = 0$
$\zeta(-1) = - \dfrac{1}{12}$
$\zeta(-3) = \dfrac{1}{120}$
$\zeta(-5) = - \dfrac{1}{252}$
$\zeta(-7) = \dfrac{1}{240}$
$\zeta(-9) = - ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

4k views

### Current Status of the Riemann Hypothesis [closed]

Does anyone know the current progress in showing the Riemann hypothesis? I was only able to find this paper of Conrey that says at least 40% of the zeros of the Riemann Zeta function lie on the ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

652 views

### Montgomery's pair correlation function without RH?

In the theory of the Riemann zeta function, Montgomery's Pair correlation function is defined as
$$
F(\alpha) = \frac{1}{N(T)}
\sum_{T < \gamma, \gamma' < 2T} T^{i \alpha (\gamma - \gamma')} ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### The Riemann's Zeta Function represented as a continued fraction and a question of convergence.

The Riemann's zeta function can be expressed as a continued fraction as follows
\begin{align*}
\zeta(z)=\newcommand{\bigk}{\mathop{\Huge\vcenter{\hbox{K}}}}\left(1-\bigk_{k=1}^{\infty ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

300 views

### Do all complex zeros in the strip of $\frac{\zeta(s)}{\Gamma(s)} - \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$ lie on the critical line?

Numerical evidence suggests that the complex zeros of:
$$f(s):=\frac{\zeta(s)}{\Gamma(s)} - \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$$
all reside on the line $\Re(s)=\frac12$, except for a finite few outside ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

874 views

### Axioms for Riemann $\zeta$ function

Are there any set of axioms that completely characterize the Riemann zeta function?
i.e. like Ressayre axioms for the exponential function in an exponential field or functional equations.

**8**

votes

**3**answers

781 views

### Upper bounds on the difference of consecutive zeta zeros

There are many results on the spacing of the gaps between nontrivial zeros of the $\zeta$ function, from trivial (average value is $\frac{2\pi}{\log\gamma_n}$) to difficult (bounds on max and min ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

674 views

### Sharpening of Lindelöf hypothesis

The Lindelöf hypothesis is:
$$
\forall \epsilon >0,\exists C_\epsilon >0,\forall t\ge 1,\quad
\vert\zeta(\frac12+it)\vert\le C_\epsilon t^\epsilon.\qquad \tag{LH}.
$$
It is a weaker statement ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

243 views

### Sharpest bound on the zero free region of $\zeta^{\prime}$?

I'm interested in calculating all of the zeroes of the first derivative of the Riemann $\zeta$ function up to an arbitrary height. I know that (on the RH), all of these zeroes will have real part $\ge ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is the relation between Quasicrystals, Riemann Hypothesis, and PV numbers?

Could somebody explain to me, from a mathematical stand-point, what is a quasi-crystal, and how it relates to the set of Pisot numbers, and the Riemann Hypothesis?
I've heard Freeman Dyson say that ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

412 views

### Is this theorem on $L$-functions known?

Notations For $f$ a meromorphic function on a domain $\Omega\subseteq \textbf{C}$, we shall say for convenience that $f$ is represented by an Ordinary Dirichlet Series (ODS) if $f$ can be written ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

263 views

### Riemann zeta function: pair correlations vs. neighbor spacings

Montgomery's pair correlation conjecture states that the distribution of the pair correlations of the zeroes of the Riemann zeta function (normalized to have average spacing 1) is given by the ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Riemann zeta function at positive integers and an Appell sequence of polynomials related to fractional calculus

I was exploring some raising and lowering operators related to an infinitesimal generator for fractional integro-derivatives and found an Appell sequence of polynomials, i.e., an infinite sequence of ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Functional equation or analytic continuation of certain approximations to $\zeta^z(s)$?

Let $z$ be a complex number and $\omega(n)$ denote the number of distinct prime factors of the natural number $n$. I am considering the arithmetic functions $|\mu(n)|z^{\omega(n)}$ and their ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

227 views

### Cesaro summation of a particular Dirichlet series associated with $\zeta(s)$

If you've investigated the error in Perron's formula in general, you've probably noticed that Cesaro summation $$\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty}\sum_{n\leq x} \left(1-\frac{\log n}{\log ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

578 views

### Are there known non-real zeros of derivatives of Riemann zeta with 0 < Re(s) < 1/2?

According to New zero free regions for the derivatives of the Riemann zeta function
assuming the Riemann Hypothesis, $\zeta^{(k)}(s)$ has
at most a finite number of non-real zeros with ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

901 views

### Objections to and arguments for the simplicity of all Riemann zeros

It seems to be that the simplicity of all the zeros is quite widely accepted as a working hypotheses, and it is known that a positive proportion are as such.
Titchmarsh explains in the last chapter ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

410 views

### Visibility interpretation of Riemann zeta zeros on the critical line?

This is a long shot, but ...
The fraction of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ lattice points
visible from the origin
$1/\zeta(2)=6/\pi^2 \approx 61$%.
The fraction of $\mathbb{Z}^3$ lattice points visible
from the ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

189 views

### How to formalize the *loci of equal arg($\zeta(s)$)* (“isogones”) in the near of a nontrivial root

(This is an extension and specification of a question which I initially asked in MSE having now one comment (which I could not yet digest completely) and which I also detailed further (after working ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Behaviour of $\zeta(1-it)/\zeta(1+it)$?

I am trying to understand the behaviour of
$$\int^\infty_{-\infty}\frac{\xi(1-it)}{\xi(1+it)}h(t)\frac{dt}{t}$$
where $h$ is a Schwartz function on $\mathbb R$, and $\xi(s)$ the completed Riemann zeta ...