The Riemann zeta function is the function of one complex variable $s$ defined by the series $\zeta(s) = \sum_{n \geq 1} \frac{1}{n^s}$ when $\operatorname{Re}(s)>1$. It admits a meromorphic continuation to $\mathbb{C}$ with only a simple pole at $1$. This function satisfies a functional equation ...

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860 views

Regularizing the divergent sum $1^k + 2^k + \cdots$

EDIT: Under this "regularization", the harmonic series can be interpreted as $s_{-1}$ and assigned a value $$s_{-1} = \lim_{k \rightarrow 1} \zeta(k) (2-2^k) = -2 \log 2$$ I was looking at ...
11
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1k views

The zeta function and classical mechanics

In this paper, Guilherme França and André LeClair show that $$\gamma_{y}\sim 2 \pi \left(y-11/8\right)/W\left((y-11/8)e^{-1}\right)$$ where $W$ is the Lambert W function, and $\gamma_{y}$ is the ...
9
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269 views

Do all complex zeros in the strip of $\frac{\zeta(s)}{\Gamma(s)} - \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$ lie on the critical line?

Numerical evidence suggests that the complex zeros of: $$f(s):=\frac{\zeta(s)}{\Gamma(s)} - \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$$ all reside on the line $\Re(s)=\frac12$, except for a finite few outside ...
7
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211 views

Cesaro summation of a particular Dirichlet series associated with $\zeta(s)$

If you've investigated the error in Perron's formula in general, you've probably noticed that Cesaro summation $$\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty}\sum_{n\leq x} \left(1-\frac{\log n}{\log ...
6
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126 views

How to assess the influence of a specific term in this telescoping series for $\zeta(s)$?

I like to expand on this (unanswered) MSE question. Take the following, nicely symmetrical, telescoping series for $\zeta(s)$: $$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \frac{1}{2\,(s-1)} \left(1+\sum ...
6
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116 views

How comes vanishing of the real part of function involving zeta is very well approximated by algebraic curve?

In this question Agno asked about the zeros of $\zeta\left(\frac{s}{a}\right) \pm \zeta\left(\frac{1-s}{a}\right)$. I fixed $a=2$ and the minus sign and defined: $$ f(s)=\Re \left( ...
6
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245 views

Are all complex zeros of $\frac{\Gamma(s)}{z}Li_s(z) \, \pm \, \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{z}Li_{1-s}(z)$ on the critical line for all $z \lt 1$?

Numerical evidence suggests that all complex zeros residing in the critical strip $0 < \Re(s) < 1$ of: $$\frac{\Gamma(s)}{z}Li_s(z) \, \pm \, \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{z}Li_{1-s}(z)$$ are on the ...
6
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295 views

implication of divergence of $1/\zeta(s) $ at 1/2

$1/\zeta(s)=\sum_{n>0}\frac{\mu(n)}{n^s}$ where $\mu$ is the Moebius function. This series is known to converge for $s\ge 1$ and diverge for $s\le 1/2$. Its convergence is unknown if $1/2< ...
6
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347 views

$\zeta(x)$ in terms of $\zeta'(x),\zeta'(1-x),\Gamma,\psi$

By differentiating $\xi$ and solving for $\zeta(1-x)$: $$ \zeta(1-x) = \frac{2(\zeta'(x)\Gamma(x/2)+\Gamma((1-x)/2) \zeta'(1-x)\pi^{x-1/2}) )}{\Gamma((1-x)/2) \pi^{-1/2+x}(2\log\pi ...
5
votes
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121 views

Are these identities Newton series?

Newton series is the following expansion of a function: $$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k [f]\left (0\right)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} {x\choose n} \sum_{k=0}^n{n\choose k}(-1)^{k-n}f(k)$$ Now ...
5
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0answers
711 views

Zeta function double product

Is it possible to write the following double product in terms of the zeta function? \begin{align} &\prod_{i=1}^{\infty}\prod_{j=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{1-(p_i\ p_j)^{-s}} \end{align} Extending the ...
5
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95 views

Can Voronin's universality theorem be used to show that $\sigma\circ\zeta=\zeta\circ\sigma$ implies $\sigma$ continuous?

Let $\sigma$ be a field automorphism of $\mathbb{C}$ that commutes with the Riemann Zeta function. Can we use Voronin's universality theorem to prove that $\sigma$ is necessarily continuous? Thanks in ...
5
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457 views

An Expression for $\log\zeta(ns)$ derived from the Limit of the truncated Prime $\zeta$ Function

I think, here, I found $$ P_x(s)=\sum_{p < x} \frac{1}{p^s} =\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{ \mu (n)}{n} \sum_{z\in\{1,\rho\}}(-1)^{1-\delta_{1z}} \left[ {\rm li}(t^{\frac zn-s}) \right]^{x}_2 \tag{7} ...
4
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140 views

Are there infinitely many zeros of $\chi(s)+ \dfrac{2^{s}- 2^{2s-1}}{2^{s}-1}$ on the critical line?

Take $\chi(s)= 2^s\,\pi^{s-1}\,\sin\left(\frac{\pi\,s}{2}\right)\,\Gamma(1-s)$, so that $\zeta(s)=\chi(s)\,\zeta(1-s)$. The zeros of $\chi(s)=-1$ and the non-trivial zeros $\rho$ of $\zeta(s)$, seem ...
4
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214 views

A relation between the Gamma function and the Mobius function?

It is well known how altering the integral for the Gamma function: $$\displaystyle \Gamma(s) = \int_0^\infty t^{s-1} e^{-t}\,dt$$ through substituting $t=nx$, $$\displaystyle \Gamma(s)\frac{1}{n^s} ...
4
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202 views

Telescoping series for $\zeta(s)$, question about the basic ideas and a specific series

There are many known telescoping series that enable analytic continuation of $\sum _n \frac {1}{n^{s}}$ into a variety of domains, however they seem to all be derived from two basic ideas: 1) The ...
4
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76 views

Szegő curve for partial sum of Taylor series of Riemann $\Xi(z)$ function

I am sorry that this is long post. But it might be of interest to you. This post is related to zeros of partial sum of Taylor series of $e^x-1$. Entire functions $e^z$, $\cos(z)$, and $\sin(z)$ can ...
3
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97 views

Do the roots of this equation involving two Euler products all reside on the critical line?

This question loosely builds on the second part of this one. Take the Riemann $\xi$-function: $\xi(s) =\frac12 s\,(s-1) \,\pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\, \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s)$. Numerical ...
3
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228 views

Does the difference of two converging infinite series correctly induce the non-trivial zeros of $\zeta(s)$?

The following analytic continuation for $\zeta(s)$ towards $\Re(s)>-1$ derived here: $$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \frac{1}{2\,(s-1)} \left(s+1+ \sum _{n=1}^{\infty } \left( {\frac ...
3
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254 views

Alternating sums of the non-trivial zeros of $\zeta(s)$.

It is known that the infinite sum of the non-trivial zeros $\rho_n =\beta + \gamma_ni$ of $\zeta(z)$, when taken in pairs that are either conjugated or reflexive (they give the same outcome), ...
3
votes
0answers
277 views

Definite integral of $\zeta(s)$ over the critical strip

Take the following definite integral: $$f(s):=\int_s^{1-s} \zeta(x) \mathrm{d} x$$ with $s \in \mathbb{C}$, $s=\sigma \pm ti$, $0<\sigma<1$ and $t,\sigma \in \mathbb{R}$. The graph of ...
2
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83 views

Are all complex zeros of $\Psi^{(s)}(1) \pm \Psi^{(1-s)}(1)$ on the critical line?

veThe balanced polygamma function $\Psi^{(s)}(x)$ for $x=1$ can be expressed as: $$\Psi^{(s)}(1)=\dfrac{\big(\Psi(-s)+\gamma\big)\,\zeta(s+1)+\zeta'(s+1)}{\Gamma(-s)}$$ Note $\Psi(s)$ is the digamma ...
2
votes
0answers
133 views

Are all zeros of $\xi(a\,s) \pm \xi\left(a\,(1-s)\right)$ on the critical line for $\forall a \in \mathbb{R}/0$?

This question expands on this one and seems to have a stronger result. Take the Riemann $\xi$-function $\xi(s) =\frac12 s\,(s-1) \,\pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\, \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s)$. We ...
2
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58 views

Are the complex zeros of $\zeta\left(\frac{s}{a}\right) \pm \zeta\left(\frac{1-s}{a}\right)$ all on the critical line for $a \lt 0, a \ge 1$?

With $s \in \mathbb{C}, a \in \mathbb{R}$, numerical evidence strongly suggests that the complex zeros in the critical strip of: $$\zeta\left(\frac{s}{a}\right) \pm ...
2
votes
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414 views

The simple zero conjecture for the Riemann zeta function

The simple zero conjecture says that all zeros of the Riemann zeta function are simple. Suppose the conjecture is not true. Namely there is an $s$ in the complex plane such that $\zeta(s)=0$ and the ...
2
votes
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253 views

Definite integral probably equal to zeta with known (but unusable) closed form for the indefinite integral

Related to this and this questions. Basically got definite integral that experimentally equals $\zeta(s)$ both numerically and symbolically. Closed form for the indefinite integral is known, but I ...
2
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204 views

Can $\zeta(s)$ for $\Re(s)>1$ be split into two factors that each can be analytically continued?

Assuming the RH and $s \in \mathbb{C}, \rho_n =\frac12 \pm i\gamma_n$, the following (altered) Hadamard product: $$\displaystyle \displaystyle \prod_{n=1}^\infty \left(1- \frac{s}{\frac12+ (-1)^n i ...
2
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142 views

The influence of $\chi(s)$ on complex zeros of $\frac{\zeta(\overline{s})}{\zeta(1-s)} \pm \frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-\overline{s})}$

I was exploring the formula: $$g(s)_{\pm} := \displaystyle \frac{\zeta(\overline{s})}{\zeta(1-s)} \pm \frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-\overline{s})}$$ and found that for all $\Re(s) \ne \frac12$: ...
2
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360 views

Characterizing essential singularities

In the paper Picture of an essential singularity, an analogy is made between the multipolar moments of infinitesimal charge distributions and the lines of constant modulus/argument around an essential ...
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54 views

how understand periodicity in a combination of power, gamma and zeta functions?

Riemann's functional equation may be written: $$ \frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-s)} = 2^s \pi^{s-1} \sin(\frac{\pi s}2) \Gamma(1-s) \tag{1} $$ and so by symmetry: $$ \frac{\zeta(1-s)}{\zeta(s)} = 2^{1-s} ...
1
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0answers
219 views

On a property of Riemann Zeta function zeros

Lets consider the function : $$F(x) = \sum_{n=1} (xn)^{-s_0} e^{-nx} $$ with $s_0$ a zero of the Riemann Zeta function in the critical strip. This sum is well defined for $x \in \mathbb{R}^{+*}$. It ...
1
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0answers
131 views

Simultaneous vanishing of convolutions of Mertens function with itself

By Landau's theorem on Dirichlet series, we know that all the step functions ($k\geq 1$) $$M_k(x)=\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int^{2+i\infty}_{2-i\infty}\frac{x^sds}{\zeta^k(s)s}=\sum_{n\leq ...
1
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0answers
92 views

Conjectured alternate form for vanishing of $\Re\zeta(1/2+it)$ except at zeros

Heavily based on Agno's question. Define: $$ \chi(s)=\pi^{-(\frac{s}{2})} \Gamma(\frac{s}{2}) $$ Agno conjectured: only for $\sigma=\frac12$, $\Re(\chi(s)) = \Re(\zeta(s)) =0$ is always true, ...
1
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0answers
136 views

Except for a finite few outside the strip, do all complex zeros of $\zeta(a+s)\pm \zeta(a+1-s)$ reside on the critical line for all $a\lt 0$?

Assume $a \in \mathbb{R}$ and $s \in \mathbb{C}$. Numerical evidence suggests that all complex zeros, except for a finite few outside the strip, of: $$\zeta(a+s)\pm \zeta(a+1-s)$$ lie on the line ...
1
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0answers
87 views

Are all complex zeros of $Li_s(i)\, + \, Li_{1-\overline{s}}\,(-i)$ equal to the $\rho$'s?

Take the well known square relationship for polylogarithms: $$Li_s(z)\, + \, Li_{s}(-z)=2^{1-s}Li_s(z^2)$$ Assume $z=i$: $$Li_s(i)\, + \, Li_{s}(-i)=2^{1-s}Li_s(-1)=-2^{1-s}\,\eta(s)$$ with ...
1
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0answers
85 views

Are all complex zeros of $Li_s(z)\, \pm \, Li_{1-s}(z)$ on the critical line or outside the critical strip for $z \le -1$?

This question loosely builds on this one, however is a bit simpler and I found the results to be more robust. It seems that all zeros in the critical strip $0 \lt \Re(s) < 1$ of: $$Li_s(z)\, \pm ...
1
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0answers
160 views

Contour plots of Riemann zeta-function

A glimpse of figures in this preprint seems to suggest that curves $\Re{\zeta(s)}=0$ (or $\Im{\zeta(s)}=0$) do not touch each other in the half-plane $\Re{s}>1$. Question: Is there any ...
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0answers
79 views

Do we know a lower bound for the number of critical zeros of the Riemann zeta-function with irrational imaginary part?

If I'm not mistaken, the imaginary parts of the critical zeros of the Riemann Zeta function are conjectured to be linearly independent over $\mathbb{Q}$, but I think we're very far from proving such a ...
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0answers
76 views

Question about the zeros of the sum/difference of two finite Euler products

The conjecture Are all zeros of $\zeta(0+s) \pm \zeta(0-s)$ except a finite few on the line $\Re(s)=0$? was shown to be unconditionally true. The proof can even be extended towards the domain ...
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0answers
303 views

Do these infinite series expressing $\zeta(s)$ only (partially) converge at $\Re(s)=\frac12$?

The following analytic continuation for $\zeta(s)$ towards $\Re(s)>-1$ was derived here: $$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \frac{1}{2\,(s-1)} \left(\sum _{n=1}^{\infty } {\frac {s-1-2\,n}{{n}^{s}}} + ...
1
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0answers
203 views

Some identities with the Riemann-Hurwitz zeta function

The only definition that I have ever seen of this Riemann-Hurtwitz zeta-function is this, For $0 < a \leq 1$ we have the identity $$ \zeta(z, a) = \frac{2 \Gamma(1 - z)}{(2 \pi)^{1-z}} \left[\sin ...
1
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0answers
230 views

Are these valid expansions of the Riemann $\xi(s)$ function in the Hadamard product?

In this post I derived for $s=a + ti$, that assuming the RH, the following should be true: $$\displaystyle \frac{\xi(\frac12 - a + s)}{\xi(\frac12 - a)} = \prod_{n=1}^\infty \left(1- \frac{s}{\mu_n} ...
1
vote
0answers
179 views

Naive conjecture about zeros and local extrema of $\Re \zeta(\sigma+i t)$ (resp. $\Im \zeta(\sigma+ it)$) for $ 0 \le \sigma \le \frac12$

Based on limited numerical evidence, I suspect this conjecture. Conjecture: Fix $ 0 \le \sigma \le \frac12$ and let $t > 0$. Between consecutive local extrema of $\Re \zeta(\sigma+i t)$ (resp. ...
1
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0answers
230 views

Zeta sum $\sum_{n=2}^\infty \frac{\zeta(n)}{a^n}$

Probably this is known, but mathworld and wolfram alpha don't recognize this potential identities. Numerical evidence suggests: $$ \sum_{n=2}^\infty \frac{\zeta(n)}{a^n} =? \sum_{n=1}^\infty ...
1
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0answers
291 views

References on Taylor series expansion of Riemann xi function

I am looking for the references on Taylor series expansion of Riemann xi function at $\frac{1}{2}$. $$ \xi (s)=\sum_0^{\infty}a_{2n}(s-\frac{1}{2})^{2n}$$ where ...
1
vote
0answers
266 views

Mellin inverse of the Hadamard product rep. of the Riemann zeta function?

The floor function is given - by Perron's formula - as a Mellin inverse of the zeta function. namely : $$\left \lfloor x \right \rfloor=\frac{1}{2\pi ...
1
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0answers
452 views

How ..did Connes get it (trace formula)

i have been reading or at least trying to understand how Connes get the density (approximate) of states $ N(E)= \frac{E}{2\pi}log \frac{E}{2\pi}- \frac{E}{2\pi}+ \frac{7}{8}+ \frac{1}{\pi}arg ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Function series involving a suite of imprimitive Dirichlet characters and a zero of $L(\chi,s)$

I have difficulties to understand the behavior of following suite of functions near zero : $$F_P(x)= \sum\limits_{n=P}^{\infty} \chi_P(n) f(nx)$$ With $f(x) = x^{-s_0} e^{-x}$ where $s_0$ is a non ...
0
votes
0answers
181 views

Does the Euler product converge at $s=1$ for the Dirichlet $L$ function?

For the Riemann Zeta function, the Euler product converges on $\{Re(s)=1\}$ except at $s=1$.The zeta series diverges everywhere on $\{Re(s)=1\}$. But the $L$ series converges on $\{Re(s)>0\}$. What ...
0
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0answers
82 views

Arithmetic functions associated with Hurwitz Zeta function raised to arbitrary complex powers, $\zeta(s,q)^z$ for $q \in \mathbb{N}$?

If $\zeta(s)$ is the Riemann Zeta function, then $\zeta(n)^z$, with $z \in \mathbb{C}$, $\Re(s)>1$, can be represented as $$\zeta(s)^z=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{d_z(n)}{n^{-s}}$$ where $d_z(n)$ ...