**-1**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Is this one of equivalent formula to compute riemann gamma, or something “new”? [closed]

Rimeann-Siegel formula is the next:
$$\zeta(s)=\sum_{n=1}^{N}\frac{1}{n^{s}}+\gamma(1-s)\sum_{n=1}^{M}\frac{1}{n^{1-s}}+R(s)$$
Where
$\theta(t)=arg(\Gamma(\frac{2it+1}{4}))-\frac{log(\pi)}{2}t$
...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Good uses of Siegel zeros?

The short version of my question goes: What is known to follow from the existence of Siegel zeros?
A longer version to give an idea of what I have in mind: The "exceptional zeros" of course first ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

155 views

### Is the difference of these two real-rooted functions real-rooted?

During our on-going search of approximations to the Riemann $\Xi(z)$ function, we discovered a family of functions $W_n(z)$ as shown in (1).
Our final goal is to prove that:
Proposition 1: ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

183 views

### How to formalize the *loci of equal arg($\zeta(s)$)* (“isogones”) in the near of a nontrivial root

(This is an extension and specification of a question which I initially asked in MSE having now one comment (which I could not yet digest completely) and which I also detailed further (after working ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

80 views

### An apparent closed form for a slightly tweaked Dirichlet L-function. Could it be proven? [closed]

I made a small tweak to the well-known Dirichlet L-function ($p$=prime):
$$L(s, \chi_4) :=\prod_p \bigg(\frac {p^s}{p^s-\chi_4(p)} \bigg)=\prod_p \bigg(\frac {p^s}{p^s-\sin\left(\frac{p ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### Functional equation or analytic continuation of certain approximations to $\zeta^z(s)$?

Let $z$ be a complex number and $\omega(n)$ denote the number of distinct prime factors of the natural number $n$. I am considering the arithmetic functions $|\mu(n)|z^{\omega(n)}$ and their ...

**24**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Does the equation $1 + 2 + 3 + \dots = -\frac{1}{12}$ have a natural $p$-adic interpretation?

Consider the equation
$$1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + \cdots = - \frac{1}{12},$$
"proved" by Ramanujan Euler. One correct way to interpret this is that $\zeta(-1) = - \frac{1}{12},$ where $\zeta(s) = \sum_{n = ...

**-7**

votes

**1**answer

672 views

### Non-standard numbers and exponential form of Zeta function [closed]

Basic idea
For a long time I was looking for a numerical system that would allow to compare infinite sets. In contrast to Cantor's approach that empathizes the possibility of on-to-one correspondence ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Can Voronin's universality theorem be used to show that $\sigma\circ\zeta=\zeta\circ\sigma$ implies $\sigma$ continuous?

Let $\sigma$ be a field automorphism of $\mathbb{C}$ that commutes with the Riemann Zeta function. Can we use Voronin's universality theorem to prove that $\sigma$ is necessarily continuous?
Thanks in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

105 views

### What is the connection between the Riemann Xi-function and n-sphere? [closed]

Riemann's Xi-function is defined as
$$\xi(s) = \pi^{-s/2}\ \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\ \zeta(s)$$
At the same time we have the following formulas for n-sphere's area and volume:
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

149 views

### Values of the completed Riemann $\xi(1+it)$ for small t?

I'm editing this question heavily for clarity:
I am looking for methods to compute $\zeta(1+it)$, or the (partially) completed Riemann zeta function
$$\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s)$$
along the line ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

119 views

### Deduce average order of $\phi(n)/n$ from probability that two integers are coprime

I've seen proofs of the fact that the probability of two random integers being coprime is $\frac{6}{\pi^2}$ (all of them leading to a use of the Riemann Zeta function and the Basel problem). In ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Moments of completed L-functions?

This is a follow up question to this one.
It seems that results on moments of L-functions, that is, estimates for integrals of the form
$$\int^{T}_1|\zeta(\sigma+it)|^{2k}dt$$
are typically for the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Behaviour of $\zeta(1-it)/\zeta(1+it)$?

I am trying to understand the behaviour of
$$\int^\infty_{-\infty}\frac{\xi(1-it)}{\xi(1+it)}h(t)\frac{dt}{t}$$
where $h$ is a Schwartz function on $\mathbb R$, and $\xi(s)$ the completed Riemann zeta ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Zeta zeros standard normal distribution about $\vartheta (\gamma_n)$

Asked at MSE here without response.
I realise that this resembles Odlyzko's famous nearest neighbours plot, and was wondering whether this is simply a manifestation of the same phenomenon.
That ...

**34**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is this integral representation of $\zeta(2n+1)$ known?

Background: I'm an undergraduate at an institution with no researchers in analytic number theory, and no ties to the analytic number theory community. I believe I have found what is, as far as I can ...

**39**

votes

**9**answers

3k views

### Geometric / physical / probabilistic interpretations of Riemann zeta(n>1)?

What are some physical, geometric, or probabilistic interpretations of the values of the Riemann zeta function at the positive integers greater than one?
I've found some examples:
1) In MO-Q111339 ...

**28**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### What is Ricardo Pérez-Marco's eñe product? Does it explain his statistical results on differences of zeta zeros?

The number theory community here at University of Michigan is abuzz with talk of this paper recently posted to the arxiv. If you haven't seen it already, the punch line is that the global differences ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### On existence of rapid Arithmetic geometric procedure?

We know that $\pi$ can be computed by Arithmetic Geometric mean using Gauss-Legendre procedure which does provide fastest convergence rate as well with a guarantee of $2^n$ bits of $\pi$ at $n$th ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

514 views

### stable homotopy groups and zeta function

I have heard during a discussion that there is a well known relation between the stable homotopy groups of a sphere (more precisely the order of stable homotopy groups of localized sphere spectrum ...

**42**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### If the Riemann Hypothesis fails, must it fail infinitely often?

That is must there either be no non-trivial zeros off the critical line or
infinitely many?
I'm sure that no one believes otherwise, but I've never seen a theorem in the
literature addressing this. ...

**35**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Optimization problem arising from the study of zeta zeros

Motivation: The following problem arose in [1] while studying the vertical distribution of the zeros of the Riemann zeta-function. At the time, my collaborators and I were unable to solve it and I ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

293 views

### Trivial zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function are simple

The trivial zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function are located on $-2\mathbb N^*$ and they are simple. It is not difficult to see that, but the proof I have in mind is using the fact that ...

**24**

votes

**6**answers

4k views

### Explicit formula for Riemann zeros counting function

I've often seen it stated (in vague terms) that there's a Fourier duality between the set of prime numbers and the set of nontrivial Riemann zeta zeros.
Because there are various explicit formulae ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

317 views

### Asymptotic expansion of $\zeta(s \mid a,b)= \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(n+a)^{s}(n+b)}$

I'm interested in an asymptotic expansion of the following Riemann zeta-type function
$$
\begin{align}
\displaystyle \zeta(s \mid a,b) := \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(n+a)^{s}(n+b)},
\quad \Re a ...

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### Calculating Riemann Non-Trivial Zeros [closed]

I recently started studying about the Riemann Hypothesis. I just want to understand if there is any condition that the imaginary part i.e. t in (0.5 + it) should always be greater than 1? For Example, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

240 views

### Approximations to the Mertens function

The Mertens function $M(x)$ is the summatory Möbius function i.e.
$$M(x) = \sum_{k=1}^{x} \mu (k)$$
The conjecture that $M(x) = \mathcal{O}\left(x^{\frac{1}{2} + \epsilon}\right)$ was shown to be ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

448 views

### One-to-one correspondance between zeta zeros and the prime powers? [closed]

This question is highly speculative, but I would really appreciate some insight into the problem. Previously asked on MSE without answer here.
I have noticed an interesting property related to the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

293 views

### Is this differential equation for zeta on the critical line? One can compute it from its derivative and simpler functions

Looks like on the critical line one can compute
$\zeta(1/2+it)$ from $\zeta^{'}(1/2+it)$ and simpler functions.
Let
$$
\begin{aligned}
f(t)= & 2\, \left( {\frac { \left( \left| \zeta^{'} ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### Are there infinitely many zeros of $\chi(s)+ \dfrac{2^{s}- 2^{2s-1}}{2^{s}-1}$ on the critical line?

Take $\chi(s)= 2^s\,\pi^{s-1}\,\sin\left(\frac{\pi\,s}{2}\right)\,\Gamma(1-s)$, so that $\zeta(s)=\chi(s)\,\zeta(1-s)$.
The zeros of $\chi(s)=-1$ and the non-trivial zeros $\rho$ of $\zeta(s)$, seem ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Do the roots of this equation involving two Euler products all reside on the critical line?

This question loosely builds on the second part of this one.
Take the Riemann $\xi$-function: $\xi(s) =\frac12 s\,(s-1) \,\pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\, \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s)$. Numerical ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Are all complex zeros of $\Psi^{(s)}(1) \pm \Psi^{(1-s)}(1)$ on the critical line?

veThe balanced polygamma function $\Psi^{(s)}(x)$ for $x=1$ can be expressed as:
$$\Psi^{(s)}(1)=\dfrac{\big(\Psi(-s)+\gamma\big)\,\zeta(s+1)+\zeta'(s+1)}{\Gamma(-s)}$$
Note $\Psi(s)$ is the digamma ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Function series involving a suite of imprimitive Dirichlet characters and a zero of $L(\chi,s)$

I have difficulties to understand the behavior of following suite of functions near zero :
$$F_P(x)= \sum\limits_{n=P}^{\infty} \chi_P(n) f(nx)$$
With $f(x) = x^{-s_0} e^{-x}$ where $s_0$ is a non ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

484 views

### An Expression for $\log\zeta(ns)$ derived from the Limit of the truncated Prime $\zeta$ Function

I think, here, I found
$$
P_x(s)=\sum_{p < x} \frac{1}{p^s} =\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{ \mu (n)}{n}
\sum_{z\in\{1,\rho\}}(-1)^{1-\delta_{1z}}
\left[
{\rm li}(t^{\frac zn-s})
\right]^{x}_2
\tag{7}
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### Are all complex zeros of $\dfrac{\zeta'}{\zeta}(s) \pm \dfrac{\zeta'}{\zeta}(1-s)$ on the critical line $\Re(s)=\frac12$?

Numerical evidence suggests that all complex zeros (real ones exist as well) of:
$$\frac{\zeta'}{\zeta}(s) \pm \frac{\zeta'}{\zeta}(1-s)$$
reside on the critical line with $\Re(s)=\frac12$.
I made ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

158 views

### Counting prime powers $p^{\frac{k}{t}} \left( t \in \mathbb{R}{+}, k \in \mathbb{N} \right)$ by changing $\rho$'s in $\psi(x)$?

With $\rho=\beta+ \gamma \,i$ being a non-trivial zero of $\zeta(s)$, the logarithmic prime counting function is:
$$\psi(x) = x - \log(2\pi) - \frac12 \log\left(1- \frac{1}{x^2}\right) - ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### how understand periodicity in a combination of power, gamma and zeta functions?

Riemann's functional equation may be written:
$$
\frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-s)} = 2^s \pi^{s-1} \sin(\frac{\pi s}2) \Gamma(1-s) \tag{1}
$$
and so by symmetry:
$$
\frac{\zeta(1-s)}{\zeta(s)} = 2^{1-s} ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

404 views

### Is this theorem on $L$-functions known?

Notations For $f$ a meromorphic function on a domain $\Omega\subseteq \textbf{C}$, we shall say for convenience that $f$ is represented by an Ordinary Dirichlet Series (ODS) if $f$ can be written ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### The horizontal distribution of zeros of $\zeta^\prime(s)$

I have a question about a detail in the proof of Proposition 1.6 in "The horizontal distribution of zeros of $\zeta^\prime(s)$", K. Soundararajan, Duke J. Math. vol. 91 1998.
Throughout I will ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### How to assess the influence of a specific term in this telescoping series for $\zeta(s)$?

I like to expand on this (unanswered) MSE question.
Take the following, nicely symmetrical, telescoping series for $\zeta(s)$:
$$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \frac{1}{2\,(s-1)} \left(1+\sum ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

311 views

### Square-free grows as $6n/\pi^2$: $k$-th free?

The asymptotic number of
square-free numbers
$\le n$ is $Q(n) = 6n/\pi^2 + O(\sqrt{n})$.
Because
$\zeta(2)=\pi^2/6$,
$Q(n) \approx n/\zeta(2)$.
OEIS A004709
says that cube-free numbers have ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### Are all zeros of $\xi(a\,s) \pm \xi\left(a\,(1-s)\right)$ on the critical line for $\forall a \in \mathbb{R}/0$?

This question expands on this one and seems to have a stronger result.
Take the Riemann $\xi$-function $\xi(s) =\frac12 s\,(s-1) \,\pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\, \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s)$. We ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

200 views

### Does the Euler product converge at $s=1$ for the Dirichlet $L$ function?

For the Riemann Zeta function, the Euler product converges on $\{Re(s)=1\}$ except at $s=1$.The zeta series diverges everywhere on $\{Re(s)=1\}$. But the $L$ series converges on $\{Re(s)>0\}$. What ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

592 views

### How good can we approximate with algebraic curve the egg shaped vanishing of $\Re \zeta(s)$ near the origin?

Related to this question
where degree $2$ algebraic curve is good approximation to vanishing of
the real part of expression involving zeta.
Near the origin, $\Re \zeta(s)$ vanishes in egg shaped ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### How comes vanishing of the real part of function involving zeta is very well approximated by algebraic curve?

In this question
Agno asked about the zeros of $\zeta\left(\frac{s}{a}\right) \pm \zeta\left(\frac{1-s}{a}\right)$.
I fixed $a=2$ and the minus sign and defined:
$$
f(s)=\Re \left( ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Are the complex zeros of $\zeta\left(\frac{s}{a}\right) \pm \zeta\left(\frac{1-s}{a}\right)$ all on the critical line for $a \lt 0, a \ge 1$?

With $s \in \mathbb{C}, a \in \mathbb{R}$,
numerical evidence strongly suggests that the complex zeros in the critical strip of:
$$\zeta\left(\frac{s}{a}\right) \pm ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

848 views

### Why do $12$ and $120$ occur very often in the denominators of $\zeta(-n)$ for odd $n$?

$\zeta(-n) = - \dfrac{B_{n+1}}{n+1}$
$\zeta(-2n) = 0$
$\zeta(-1) = - \dfrac{1}{12}$
$\zeta(-3) = \dfrac{1}{120}$
$\zeta(-5) = - \dfrac{1}{252}$
$\zeta(-7) = \dfrac{1}{240}$
$\zeta(-9) = - ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

229 views

### On a property of Riemann Zeta function zeros

Lets consider the function : $$F(x) = \sum_{n=1} (xn)^{-s_0} e^{-nx} $$
with $s_0$ a zero of the Riemann Zeta function in the critical strip.
This sum is well defined for $x \in \mathbb{R}^{+*}$. It ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

669 views

### Sharpening a bound on $\zeta'(s)$

I want to find an upper bound for $\zeta'(s)$ along a vertical line $\Re(s)=b$, where $-1<b<0$.
One way to do this is using $$\frac{\zeta'(b+iT)}{\zeta(b+iT)}=O_b(\log T)$$ and ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

287 views

### Do all complex zeros in the strip of $\frac{\zeta(s)}{\Gamma(s)} - \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$ lie on the critical line?

Numerical evidence suggests that the complex zeros of:
$$f(s):=\frac{\zeta(s)}{\Gamma(s)} - \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$$
all reside on the line $\Re(s)=\frac12$, except for a finite few outside ...