**3**

votes

**1**answer

245 views

### Do the roots of this equation involving two Euler products all reside on the critical line?

This question loosely builds on the second part of this one.
Take the Riemann $\xi$-function: $\xi(s) =\frac12 s\,(s-1) \,\pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\, \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s)$. Numerical ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Upper bound for real part of Riemann Zeta function zeros

I have been reading about Riemann Zeta function $\zeta(s)$ and have been thinking about it for some time. I did some calculations, and reached a conclusion where $\Re(\rho) \le \log_2(3) - 1$ as $\Im(\...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Do we know an upper bound for the number of possible real parts of the non trivial zeroes of $\zeta$?

Let $n_{\zeta}$ denote the number of possible real parts for the non trivial zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function. RH is equivalent to $n_{\zeta}=1$, and the symmetry arising from the functional ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Xi Function on Critical Strip - Mellin Transform

Story
I'm trying to prove following identity
$$\int_0^\infty \frac{\Xi(t)}{t^2 + \frac{1}{4}} \cos(xt) dt = \frac{1}{2} \pi (e^{\frac{1}{2}x} - 2e^{-\frac{1}{2}x} \psi(e^{-2x}))$$
where
$$\psi(x)=\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Are all zeros of $\dfrac{\Gamma'}{\Gamma^2}(s) \pm \dfrac{\Gamma'}{\Gamma^2}(1-s)$ either real or on the line with $\Re(s)=\frac12$?

In this post it was proven that, except for a finite few, all zeros of $\Gamma(s) \pm \Gamma(1-s)$ are either real or reside on the line $\Re(s)=\frac12$.
I have been searching for similar reflexive $...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

78 views

### zeros of zeta function

Let $N(\sigma_{1}, \sigma_{2}; T)$ denote the number of
nontrivial zeros of the Riemann zeta-function
in the rectangle $1/2 \leq \sigma_{1} \leq \sigma_{2} < 1, 0 < Im(s) < T$.
If one could ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### $L(x)$ growing faster than $\text{Mertens}(x)$ $\implies$ RH $\ $?

$M(x)$ is the Mertens function, $L(x)$ is the summatory Liouville function,
$f(x) {\, \scriptstyle\gg \!\!\ll} \ g(x)$ means that $f(x) = \mathcal{O}(\sup_{y < x}|g(y)|)\ $ and $g(x) = \mathcal{O}...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Relation between the sign of the Stieltjes constants and some zero-free region of $\zeta$

One may recall that the Stieltjes constants $\gamma_{k}$ appear as the scaled coefficients in the regular part of the Laurent series expansion of the Riemann zeta function about $s = 1$:
$$
\begin{...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

344 views

### Some identities with the Riemann-Hurwitz zeta function

The only definition that I have ever seen of this Riemann-Hurtwitz zeta-function is this,
For $0 < a \leq 1$ we have the identity
$$ \zeta(z, a) = \frac{2 \Gamma(1 - z)}{(2 \pi)^{1-z}} \left[\sin ...

**25**

votes

**6**answers

4k views

### Explicit formula for Riemann zeros counting function

I've often seen it stated (in vague terms) that there's a Fourier duality between the set of prime numbers and the set of nontrivial Riemann zeta zeros.
Because there are various explicit formulae ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

396 views

### Does Littlewood's bound on $\zeta(1+it)$ extend to all the partial sums?

Littlewood established that $2e^{\gamma} \geq \limsup_{t \to \infty} |\zeta(1+it)| / \log{\log{t}} \geq e^{\gamma}$, the lower bound unconditionally and the upper bound on RH. It now seems to be ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

265 views

### An explicit formula for $\zeta(2m+1)$ with good convergence

The question: Is the following formula known?
$$\zeta(2m+1)=\frac{(-1)^m 2^{4m+2}\pi^{2m}}{2^{2m}-1} \sum\limits_{k=1}^m \frac{(2^{2k}-1)b_{2k}}{2^{2k}(2k)!}\cdot \sum\limits_{v=k}^m \frac{(2^{2v-2k+...

**27**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### $\zeta(n)$ as a mixed Tate motive

I am trying to understand why there exists, for each $n \geq 2$, a mixed Tate motive $M$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ such that
$M \in Ext^1_{MT(\mathbb{Q})}(\mathbb{Q}(0), \mathbb{Q}(n))$
and $\zeta(n)$, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

201 views

### Is the difference of these two real-rooted functions real-rooted?

During our on-going search of approximations to the Riemann $\Xi(z)$ function, we discovered a family of functions $W_n(z)$ as shown in (1).
Our final goal is to prove that:
Proposition 1: $W_{n}(z)...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

703 views

### Two Dirichlet's series related to the Divisor Summatory Function and to the Riemann's zeta-function

Considering the $\textit{Divisor Summatory Function}$, $D(n)$, defined as
$$
D(n) = \sum_{k=1}^{n}d(k) ,
$$
where
$$
d(n) = \sum_{k|n}^{n}1.
$$
One can observe the following pattern in the values of $...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

64 views

### The Franca-Leclair approximation does not exactly approximate the Riemann zeta zeros but rather the points where only the real part of zeta is zero

Am I right that the Franca-Leclair approximation is a better approximation to the points on the critical line where the real part of the Riemann zeta function is zero and the imaginary part of log ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

4k views

### Are the nontrivial zeros of the Riemann zeta simple?

A few years ago, I found on arXiv an article in which the authors (I think they were at least two to write it) claimed to have proven that the non trivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function were all ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### A condition for the Riemann Zeta-function by modification of its functional equation

The equation, $s\in\mathbb{C}$ with $0<\Re(s)<1$:
$$\frac{\zeta(2-s)}{\zeta(1+s)}=\frac{\Gamma(1+\frac{s}{2})}{\Gamma(1+\frac{1-s}{2})}\pi^{\frac{1}{2}-s}$$
A general question: For which ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

424 views

### Is there a closed form of $\int_0^\frac12\dfrac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$?

For naturals $n\ge m$, define
$$I(n,m):=\int_0^\frac12\dfrac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$$
with $\text{arcsinh}\ x=\ln(x+\sqrt{1+x^2} )$, so $\text{arcsinh} \frac12=\ln \frac{\sqrt{5}+1}2 $.
Is it ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

285 views

### The Zeta Function Before Riemann [duplicate]

Leonhard Euler studied the function that is now known as the Riemann zeta function. I have not found the notation $\zeta$ in any of the works of any mathematicians prior to Bernhard Riemann's paper On ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Proof of Euler's reflection formula via rapidly decreasing Fourier series

Story
I want to prove Euler's reflection formula by showing that
\begin{equation*}
f(s) = \sin(\pi s) \Gamma(s) \Gamma(1 - s)
\end{equation*}
is constant, where $s = \sigma + it$. It's easy to see ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### How did Riemann calculate the first few non-trivial zeros of the zeta-function?

Does anyone know how Riemann calculated the first few non-trivial zeros of the Zeta function? I am wondering if he approximated the integral, $\frac{1}{2 \pi i} \int_{R} \frac{{\xi}^\prime(z)}{\xi (z)...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

504 views

### References on Taylor series expansion of Riemann xi function

I am looking for the references on Taylor series expansion of Riemann xi function at $\frac{1}{2}$.
$$ \xi (s)=\sum_0^{\infty}a_{2n}(s-\frac{1}{2})^{2n}$$
where
$$a_{2n}=4\int_1^{\infty}\frac{d[x^{3/...

**23**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Are the 'semi' trivial zeros of $\zeta(s) \pm \zeta(1-s)$ all on the critical line?

The proof that $\Gamma(z)\pm \Gamma(1-z)$ only has zeros for $z \in \mathbb{R}$ or $z= \frac12 +i \mathbb{R}$ has been given here:
Are all zeros of $\Gamma(s) \pm \Gamma(1-s)$ on a line with real ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

359 views

### About the logarithmic derivative of the Riemann zeta function

Let $\rho=\beta+i\gamma$ a non-trivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function and $s=\sigma+it$ a complex number. It is possible to prove that $$\frac{\zeta'}{\zeta}\left(s\right)=\sum_{\left|t-\gamma\...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

304 views

### How to prove that $\int _0^\infty\frac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$ is a rational combination of zeta values?

For $n\ge m\ge 2$, define $$I(n,m):= \int _0^\infty\dfrac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$$ Computer algebra systems say that the indefinite integral can be expressed in terms of polylog functions (of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

278 views

### Convergence of a triple sum involving the imaginary part of the Riemann zeta function's non trivial zeros

Let $N>0$ an integer, $k>0$ a real parameter and let $\rho = \beta +i \gamma$ a non trivial zero of the Riemann zeta function. For a work I need to find the best possible $k$ such that $$I=\sum_{...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Square integral of finite Euler product

Consider the finite Euler product
$$
P(t) = \prod_{r=1}^R \left(1 + p_r^{i t} \right).
$$
(Here $p_1, p_2, \dots$ are of course the primes.)
Question: What is a good asymptotic upper bound for
$$
\...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

309 views

### Riemann zeta function: pair correlations vs. neighbor spacings

Montgomery's pair correlation conjecture states that the distribution of the pair correlations of the zeroes of the Riemann zeta function (normalized to have average spacing 1) is given by the ...

**34**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### The Bourgain-Demeter-Guth breakthrough and the Riemann zeta function?

Yesterday Bourgain, Demeter and Guth released a preprint proving (up to endpoints) the so-called main conjecture of the Vinogradov's Mean Value Theorem for all degrees. This had previously been only ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

481 views

### What is the (fractional) half-derivative of zeta at $s=0$ (and how to compute it)?

(I asked this in MSE before but there was only a general reference which did not help for my specific question)
I think I understood the concept of fractional derivatives applied to ...

**42**

votes

**9**answers

4k views

### Geometric / physical / probabilistic interpretations of Riemann zeta(n>1)?

What are some physical, geometric, or probabilistic interpretations of the values of the Riemann zeta function at the positive integers greater than one?
I've found some examples:
1) In MO-Q111339 ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

94 views

### For which integer values of $k$ can we find one solution to the equation $\sum\limits_{n=1}^{n=k} \frac{1}{n^s}=0$ by iteration? [closed]

I am trying to find solutions to the well known equation:
$$\sum\limits_{n=1}^{n=k} \frac{1}{n^s}=0$$
Now with this program below I have found that for certain values of the integer $k$ one can find ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

340 views

### Can $\zeta(s)$ for $\Re(s)>1$ be split into two factors that each can be analytically continued?

Assuming the RH and $s \in \mathbb{C}, \rho_n =\frac12 \pm i\gamma_n$, the following (altered) Hadamard product:
$$\displaystyle \displaystyle \prod_{n=1}^\infty \left(1- \frac{s}{\frac12+ (-1)^n i \...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

524 views

### Bounds for $\sum_{k=1}^\infty\frac{(-1)^{k+1}x^k}{(k-1)!\zeta(2k)}$

Let $$ f(x) = \sum_{k=1}^\infty\frac{(-1)^{k+1}x^k}{(k-1)!\zeta(2k)}$$
Are there lower bounds, upper bounds or (unlikely) simpler closed form
for $f(x)$?
The bounds for Bernoulli numbers I ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

792 views

### Upper bounds on the difference of consecutive zeta zeros

There are many results on the spacing of the gaps between nontrivial zeros of the $\zeta$ function, from trivial (average value is $\frac{2\pi}{\log\gamma_n}$) to difficult (bounds on max and min ...

**27**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Does the equation $1 + 2 + 3 + \dots = -\frac{1}{12}$ have a natural $p$-adic interpretation?

Consider the equation
$$1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + \cdots = - \frac{1}{12},$$
"proved" by Ramanujan Euler. One correct way to interpret this is that $\zeta(-1) = - \frac{1}{12},$ where $\zeta(s) = \sum_{n = 1}^{\...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### estimates of $c_k$ in $\left|\frac{\zeta^{(k)}}{\zeta} (1+it)\right| \le c_k Y^k(t)$

By the Vinogradov-Korobov estimate we have
$\left|\frac{\zeta^{(k)}}{\zeta} (1+it)\right| \le c_k Y^k(t)$ where $Y(t)= \ln^{2/3} (|t|+3) (\ln\ln (|t|+3))^{1//3}$ for some $c_k$.
I search the value ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Good uses of Siegel zeros?

The short version of my question goes: What is known to follow from the existence of Siegel zeros?
A longer version to give an idea of what I have in mind: The "exceptional zeros" of course first ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

196 views

### How to formalize the *loci of equal arg($\zeta(s)$)* (“isogones”) in the near of a nontrivial root

(This is an extension and specification of a question which I initially asked in MSE having now one comment (which I could not yet digest completely) and which I also detailed further (after working ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

95 views

### An apparent closed form for a slightly tweaked Dirichlet L-function. Could it be proven? [closed]

I made a small tweak to the well-known Dirichlet L-function ($p$=prime):
$$L(s, \chi_4) :=\prod_p \bigg(\frac {p^s}{p^s-\chi_4(p)} \bigg)=\prod_p \bigg(\frac {p^s}{p^s-\sin\left(\frac{p \,\pi}{2}\...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

159 views

### Functional equation or analytic continuation of certain approximations to $\zeta^z(s)$?

Let $z$ be a complex number and $\omega(n)$ denote the number of distinct prime factors of the natural number $n$. I am considering the arithmetic functions $|\mu(n)|z^{\omega(n)}$ and their ...

**-7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Non-standard numbers and exponential form of Zeta function [closed]

Basic idea
For a long time I was looking for a numerical system that would allow to compare infinite sets. In contrast to Cantor's approach that empathizes the possibility of on-to-one correspondence ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Can Voronin's universality theorem be used to show that $\sigma\circ\zeta=\zeta\circ\sigma$ implies $\sigma$ continuous?

Let $\sigma$ be a field automorphism of $\mathbb{C}$ that commutes with the Riemann Zeta function. Can we use Voronin's universality theorem to prove that $\sigma$ is necessarily continuous?
Thanks in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### What is the connection between the Riemann Xi-function and n-sphere? [closed]

Riemann's Xi-function is defined as
$$\xi(s) = \pi^{-s/2}\ \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\ \zeta(s)$$
At the same time we have the following formulas for n-sphere's area and volume:
$$\begin{array}{...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

162 views

### Values of the completed Riemann $\xi(1+it)$ for small t?

I'm editing this question heavily for clarity:
I am looking for methods to compute $\zeta(1+it)$, or the (partially) completed Riemann zeta function
$$\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s)$$
along the line ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

132 views

### Deduce average order of $\phi(n)/n$ from probability that two integers are coprime

I've seen proofs of the fact that the probability of two random integers being coprime is $\frac{6}{\pi^2}$ (all of them leading to a use of the Riemann Zeta function and the Basel problem). In ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### Moments of completed L-functions?

This is a follow up question to this one.
It seems that results on moments of L-functions, that is, estimates for integrals of the form
$$\int^{T}_1|\zeta(\sigma+it)|^{2k}dt$$
are typically for the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Behaviour of $\zeta(1-it)/\zeta(1+it)$?

I am trying to understand the behaviour of
$$\int^\infty_{-\infty}\frac{\xi(1-it)}{\xi(1+it)}h(t)\frac{dt}{t}$$
where $h$ is a Schwartz function on $\mathbb R$, and $\xi(s)$ the completed Riemann zeta ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Zeta zeros standard normal distribution about $\vartheta (\gamma_n)$

Asked at MSE here without response.
I realise that this resembles Odlyzko's famous nearest neighbours plot, and was wondering whether this is simply a manifestation of the same phenomenon.
That said,...