The Riemann zeta function is the function of one complex variable $s$ defined by the series $\zeta(s) = \sum_{n \geq 1} \frac{1}{n^s}$ when $\operatorname{Re}(s)>1$. It admits a meromorphic continuation to $\mathbb{C}$ with only a simple pole at $1$. This function satisfies a functional equation ...

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Are all complex zeros of $\frac{\Gamma(s)}{z}Li_s(z) \, \pm \, \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{z}Li_{1-s}(z)$ on the critical line for all $z \lt 1$?

Numerical evidence suggests that all complex zeros residing in the critical strip $0 < \Re(s) < 1$ of: $$\frac{\Gamma(s)}{z}Li_s(z) \, \pm \, \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{z}Li_{1-s}(z)$$ are on the ...
3
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133 views

Are there any new results on approximating Riemann $\Xi$ function by Polya-like Fourier transforms?

I posted [this question][1] at math.stackexchange.com and was told that it is more appropriate to post this research related question here at mathoverflow. So I re-post it below. Riemann $\Xi(z)$ ...
5
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170 views

Bounds on horizontal minima of the Riemann zeta function

It is known that $\zeta(s)$ has an infinity of zeros in the strip $0<\sigma<1$ and that those zeros become closer together as $t\rightarrow\infty$. More precisely, Littlewood showed that there ...
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1answer
366 views

Sharpening a bound on $\zeta'(s)$

I want to find an upper bound for $\zeta'(s)$ along a vertical line $\Re(s)=b$, where $-1<b<0$. One way to do this is using $$\frac{\zeta'(b+iT)}{\zeta(b+iT)}=O_b(\log T)$$ and ...
3
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1answer
352 views

What is the (fractional) half-derivative of zeta at $s=0$ (and how to compute it)?

(I asked this in MSE before but there was only a general reference which did not help for my specific question) I think I understood the concept of fractional derivatives applied to ...
25
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1answer
993 views

Optimization problem arising from the study of zeta zeros

Motivation: The following problem arose in [1] while studying the vertical distribution of the zeros of the Riemann zeta-function. At the time, my collaborators and I were unable to solve it and I ...
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$\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} n^{\mu(n)}=\frac{1}{4 \pi ^2}$

When I tested this in Mathematica, I had expected it to say it did not converge. However, I got this: $$\prod_{n=1}^\infty n^{\mu(n)}=\frac{1}{4 \pi ^2}$$ Note: this is the reciprocal of (3) ...
3
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1answer
226 views

Questions about the Riemann Zeta Function

How many contiguous zeros of zeta are known, to what height How many contiguous primes are known, to what height How many zeta zeros determine how many primes, to what exactness For example, would ...
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195 views

Complex zeros of $\zeta'(s)/\zeta(s) + \zeta'(1-s)/\zeta(1-s) $ = simpler expression (except at zeta zeros)

Let $ G(s) := \frac{\zeta'(s)}{\zeta(s)} + \frac{\zeta'(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$ where $s$ is not a zero of zeta. $G$ has real zeros and a pair of complex zeros near $\frac12 \pm 6i$. Partial results: By ...
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46 views

Szegő curve for partial sum of Taylor series of Riemann $\Xi(z)$ function

I am sorry that this is long post. But it might be of interest to you. This post is related to zeros of partial sum of Taylor series of $e^x-1$. Entire functions $e^z$, $\cos(z)$, and $\sin(z)$ can ...
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2answers
174 views

zeta-function regularized integrals

I gather that the following two identities about $\xi(3)$ hold via some notion of zeta-function regularized integrals. $\xi(3) = \frac{(2\pi)^3}{3}\int _0 ^\infty d\lambda \frac{\sqrt{\lambda} }{1 + ...
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1answer
102 views

A Hadamard product of the zeros of the Riemann integral. Does it put any constraints on where the $\rho$'s can reside in the critical strip?

I have deleted a previous, now obsolete question on the same topic. Take the well-known Riemann integral: $$\displaystyle \pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\,\Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s) ...
25
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1answer
668 views

Is it possible to show that $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\mu(n)}{\sqrt{n}}$ diverges?

Let $\mu(n)$ denote the Mobius function with the well-known Dirichlet series representation $$ \frac{1}{\zeta(s)} = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\mu(n)}{n^{s}}. $$ Basic theorems about Dirichlet series ...
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161 views

Is there anything known about the complex zeros of this integral related to $\zeta(s)$?

The right-hand side of the well known equation: $$\displaystyle \pi^\frac{-s}{2}\,\Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s) =\int_1^{\infty} \left({x}^{\frac{s}{2}} + ...
7
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1answer
528 views

Continued fraction representation of Zeta

A question at math.SE is asking for references. The fraction is quite nice! Check it out and post some references if you know of any. I found this at arxiv, but it doesn't apply to Zeta.
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102 views

Does Riemann's explicit formula imply invariance of the prime gaps distribution under a Fourier-like transform?

Loosely speaking, Riemann's explicit formula states that there exists a Fourier-type duality between the primes and the non trivial zeroes of the Riemann zeta function. Does this mean that the ...
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71 views

Do we know a lower bound for the number of critical zeros of the Riemann zeta-function with irrational imaginary part?

If I'm not mistaken, the imaginary parts of the critical zeros of the Riemann Zeta function are conjectured to be linearly independent over $\mathbb{Q}$, but I think we're very far from proving such a ...
3
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1answer
218 views

leading-order behaviour of riemann zeta function?

Is there any 'guess' as to how the Riemann zeta function $\zeta(\sigma+it)$ (or its modulus) behaves to leading order as $t\rightarrow\infty$, for fixed $\sigma$ in the critical strip? Obviously this ...
2
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1answer
278 views

Verifying very high Riemann zeros.

Using some newly derived formulas for the n-th Riemann zero on the critical line, I calculated the 10^(10^6)'th zero to 1 million decimal places rather easily. Can anyone suggest an alternative way to ...
8
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1answer
177 views

Sharpest bound on the zero free region of $\zeta^{\prime}$?

I'm interested in calculating all of the zeroes of the first derivative of the Riemann $\zeta$ function up to an arbitrary height. I know that (on the RH), all of these zeroes will have real part $\ge ...
4
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84 views

Can Voronin's universality theorem be used to show that $\sigma\circ\zeta=\zeta\circ\sigma$ implies $\sigma$ continuous?

Let $\sigma$ be a field automorphism of $\mathbb{C}$ that commutes with the Riemann Zeta function. Can we use Voronin's universality theorem to prove that $\sigma$ is necessarily continuous? Thanks in ...
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6answers
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explicit formula for Riemann zeros counting function

I've often seen it stated (in vague terms) that there's a Fourier duality between the set of prime numbers and the set of nontrivial Riemann zeta zeros. Because there are various explicit formulae ...
23
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1answer
856 views

How good is “almost all” when it comes to the Riemann Hypothesis?

Let $N(T)$ be the number of zeroes of the Riemann zeta function $\zeta$ having imaginary part strictly between $0$ and $T$, and let $N_0(T)$ be the number of those zeroes that also have real part ...
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1answer
150 views

A couple of facts on the non-trivial zeros of the Riemann Zeta function

This question might be more suitable for http://math.stackexchange.com. I'm not sure about the differences between that website and this website (http://mathoverflow.net), so I'll try it here first. ...
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0answers
71 views

Question about the zeros of the sum/difference of two finite Euler products

The conjecture Are all zeros of $\zeta(0+s) \pm \zeta(0-s)$ except a finite few on the line $\Re(s)=0$? was shown to be unconditionally true. The proof can even be extended towards the domain ...
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3answers
833 views

Objections to and arguments for the simplicity of all Riemann zeros

It seems to be that the simplicity of all the zeros is quite widely accepted as a working hypotheses, and it is known that a positive proportion are as such. Titchmarsh explains in the last chapter ...
6
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1answer
424 views

Are all complex zeros of $\zeta(s) \pm \zeta(-s)$ on the line with $\Re(s)=0$?

My conjecture is that all zeros in the strip $-1 \le \Re(s) \le 1$ of $\zeta(s) \pm \zeta(-s)$ are on the line $\Re(s)=0$. I did find three complex zeros for $\pm =+$ (i.e. 12 in total) and two ...
3
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1answer
180 views

reference for Lindelof Hypothesis implying finitely many zeros off critical line?

Can anyone give me a reference for the following theorem on the Riemann zeta function? If the Lindelof Hypothesis is true (that is $\zeta(\sigma+it)=O(t^\epsilon)$ as $t\rightarrow\infty$), then ...
2
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2answers
317 views

Riemann Z function, bounds on number of non-trivial zeros along horizontal lines, rather than vertical ones

Concerning the non-trivial zeros of the Riemann Zeta function, one can find quite a lot of literature on: the rate of growth of the number of zeros along the vertical critical line, the zero-free ...
2
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292 views

The simple zero conjecture for the Riemann zeta function

The simple zero conjecture says that all zeros of the Riemann zeta function are simple. Suppose the conjecture is not true. Namely there is an $s$ in the complex plane such that $\zeta(s)=0$ and the ...
3
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1answer
273 views

Series of the inverse quadratic trinomial

Maybe it's a very simple question, but I have a problem with the following series $$\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n^2+pn+q},$$ where $p, q \in \mathbb{R}$. I know about five ways how to calculate ...
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5answers
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Quasicrystals and the Riemann Hypothesis

Let $0 < k_1 < k_2 < k_3 < \cdots $ be all the zeros of the Riemann zeta function on the critical line: $$ \zeta(\frac{1}{2} + i k_j) = 0 $$ Let $f$ be the Fourier transform of the sum ...
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275 views

Do these infinite series expressing $\zeta(s)$ only (partially) converge at $\Re(s)=\frac12$?

The following analytic continuation for $\zeta(s)$ towards $\Re(s)>-1$ was derived here: $$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \frac{1}{2\,(s-1)} \left(\sum _{n=1}^{\infty } {\frac {s-1-2\,n}{{n}^{s}}} + ...
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2answers
303 views

What is known about the set $S$ of couples of rationals $(q,q')$ such that $\zeta(q+iq')$ is rational?

The question is the title. For example, if we could show that $S$ is finite, then this would entail that every large enough integer $n$ is such that $\zeta(2n+1)$ is irrational and that, under RH, ...
5
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2answers
617 views

Is there an explicit expression for the imaginary part of some non-trivial zero of zeta,

Is there an explicit expression for the imaginary part of some non-trivial zero of zeta, in terms of well-known constants, such as say $\gamma$ or $\pi$ say ?
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146 views

Some identities with the Riemann-Hurwitz zeta function

The only definition that I have ever seen of this Riemann-Hurtwitz zeta-function is this, For $0 < a \leq 1$ we have the identity $$ \zeta(z, a) = \frac{2 \Gamma(1 - z)}{(2 \pi)^{1-z}} \left[\sin ...
4
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1answer
409 views

Derivative of Riemann Zeta at nontrivial zeros

I would like to know whether the real part of the first derivative of the Zeta function at the non trivial zeros of Zeta is stricly positive and if so, is there a proof for it. Also, are there tables ...
5
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1answer
351 views

How “deep” is the unboundedness of the reciprocal of the Riemann zeta function on vertical lines in the critical strip?

I think it is probably well known that, for every $1/2<\sigma\leq 1$, the function $1/\zeta(\sigma+it)$ is unbounded. Yet, I cannot decide how deep this is. I imagine it could be proved using a ...
14
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4answers
895 views

What are the obstructions to showing that $\zeta$ doesn't vanish on the strip $1- \varepsilon < {\rm Re}(s) \leq 1$

Most (if not all) of the proofs of the Prime Number Theorem that I have seen in the literature rely on the fact that the Riemann zeta function, $\zeta(s)$, does not vanish on the line ${\rm Re}(s) = ...
9
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2answers
578 views

How did Riemann calculate the first few non-trivial zeros of Zeta?

Does anyone know how Riemann calculated the first few non-trivial zeros of the Zeta function? I am wondering if he approximated the integral, $\frac{1}{2 \pi i} \int_{R} \frac{{\xi}^\prime(z)}{\xi ...
2
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0answers
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expressing $\log(\left \lfloor x \right \rfloor!)$ in terms of zeta-zeros

referring to a question i posted on MS, I post it here, as I didn't get an answer: let $\psi(x)$ be the second Chebyshev Function. By the definition of this summatory function, and the fundamental ...
6
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2answers
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Riemann zeta function at positive integers and an Appell sequence of polynomials related to fractional calculus

I was exploring some raising and lowering operators related to an infinitesimal generator for fractional integro-derivatives and found an Appell sequence of polynomials, i.e., an infinite sequence of ...
9
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1answer
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The Riemann's Zeta Function represented as a continued fraction and a question of convergence.

The Riemann's zeta function can be expressed as a continued fraction as follows \begin{align*} \zeta(z)=\newcommand{\bigk}{\mathop{\Huge\vcenter{\hbox{K}}}}\left(1-\bigk_{k=1}^{\infty ...
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232 views

New formula for polylogarithm and the fastest converging series for $\zeta(3)$?

Recently I found a formula for the infinite hyperbolic sine and cosine series also described in a .pdf here. I write them as polylogarithms, as they are already extended by the process of analytic ...
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0answers
202 views

References on Taylor series expansion of Riemann xi function

I am looking for the references on Taylor series expansion of Riemann xi function at $\frac{1}{2}$. $$ \xi (s)=\sum_0^{\infty}a_{2n}(s-\frac{1}{2})^{2n}$$ where ...
2
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1answer
259 views

On the convergence of Dirichlet series over the Mobius Mu function

It is known that if $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{\mu(k)}{k^s} = \frac{1}{\zeta(s)}$ for $\Re(s) > 1/2$ then RH holds. My question is: Under RH why is it not $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} ...
6
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0answers
266 views

implication of divergence of $1/\zeta(s) $ at 1/2

$1/\zeta(s)=\sum_{n>0}\frac{\mu(n)}{n^s}$ where $\mu$ is the Moebius function. This series is known to converge for $s\ge 1$ and diverge for $s\le 1/2$. Its convergence is unknown if $1/2< ...
5
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2answers
566 views

On extended Riemann Hypothesis and coefficients of Selberg Class L-functions

There is the conjecture that Selberg Class L-functions satisfy RH. So that an L-function needs to have its coefficient multiplicatives (plus other conditions: functional equation,...) in order to ...
3
votes
2answers
319 views

How to check numerical precision of my computation of Stieltjes-constants?

In a thread in MSE I proposed an older routine of mine for the efficient computation of coefficients; I use a very similar routine for the quick&dirty computation of the Stieltjes-constants. ...
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80 views

Closed forms for paired factors of a 4-factor infinite product. Is their shape fixed?

As a follow up on this question, I have now composed the following model of closed forms for infinite products of pairs of factors. At the heart is a 4-factor infinite product shown in red at the ...