# Tagged Questions

**15**

votes

**1**answer

481 views

### The Riemann zeros and the heat equation

The Riemann xi function $\Xi(x)$ is defined, with $s=1/2+ix$, as
$$
\Xi(x)=\frac12 s(s-1)\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s)=2\int_0^\infty \Phi(u)\cos(ux) \, du,
$$
where $\Phi(u)$ is defined as
$$
...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

448 views

### What happens to $\zeta(s)$ when all its $\Im(\rho_n)$ are “scaled” linearly?

I found that the following infinite product with $\mu = a +n b i$ and a,b real, $s \in \mathbb{C}$:
$$\displaystyle \prod_{n=1}^\infty \left(1- \frac{s}{\mu} \right) \left(1- \frac{s}{1-\mu} ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

312 views

### $\zeta(2k+1)$ expressed in a product of two infinite products of non-trivial zeros.

Take the Hadamard product for $\zeta(s)$:
$$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \pi^{\frac{s}{2}} \dfrac{\prod_\rho \left(1- \frac{s}{\rho} \right) \left(1- \frac{s}{1-\rho} ...

**32**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Geometric / physical / probabilistic interpretations of Riemann zeta(n>1)?

What are some physical, geometric, or probabilistic interpretations of the values of the Riemann zeta function at the positive integers greater than one?
I've found some examples:
1) In MO-Q111339 ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### The influence of $\chi(s)$ on complex zeros of $\frac{\zeta(\overline{s})}{\zeta(1-s)} \pm \frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-\overline{s})}$

I was exploring the formula:
$$g(s)_{\pm} := \displaystyle \frac{\zeta(\overline{s})}{\zeta(1-s)} \pm \frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-\overline{s})}$$
and found that for all $\Re(s) \ne \frac12$:
...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Riemann zeta function at positive integers and an Appell sequence of polynomials related to fractional calculus

I was exploring some raising and lowering operators related to an infinitesimal generator for fractional integro-derivatives and found an Appell sequence of polynomials, i.e., an infinite sequence of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

239 views

### Mellin inverse of the Hadamard product rep. of the Riemann zeta function?

The floor function is given - by Perron's formula - as a Mellin inverse of the zeta function. namely :
$$\left \lfloor x \right \rfloor=\frac{1}{2\pi ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

559 views

### Sharpening of Lindelöf hypothesis

The Lindelöf hypothesis is:
$$
\forall \epsilon >0,\exists C_\epsilon >0,\forall t\ge 1,\quad
\vert\zeta(\frac12+it)\vert\le C_\epsilon t^\epsilon.\qquad \tag{LH}.
$$
It is a weaker statement ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

326 views

### How to check numerical precision of my computation of Stieltjes-constants?

In a thread in MSE I proposed an older routine of mine for the efficient computation of coefficients; I use a very similar routine for the quick&dirty computation of the Stieltjes-constants.
...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

992 views

### Euler Mascheroni Constant, Curious?

I found this formula for the Euler-Mascheroni constant $\gamma$.
Just wondering whether such a formula already exists in literature?
Also, wanted to know whether there are formulas that ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

408 views

### What are the fallacies that this RH inequality may fail at most finitely often?

According to "EQUIVALENCES TO THE RIEMANN HYPOTHESIS
p.4
Let $g(n)$ be the maximal order of a permutation of n objects
RH Equivalence 3.3. The Riemann Hypothesis is equivalent to
$\log{g(n)} < ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

685 views

### If a non-trivial zero of the zeta function existed off the critical line, would infinitely many zeros exist with the same real part?

It is known that there exist infinitely many non-trivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function in the critical strip. Also, we know that infinitely many zeros are on the critical line - more than 1/3 ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

801 views

### Axioms for Riemann $\zeta$ function

Are there any set of axioms that completely characterize the Riemann zeta function?
i.e. like Ressayre axioms for the exponential function in an exponential field or functional equations.

**1**

vote

**2**answers

709 views

### Trying to debunk a claim

Claim: Take any function $f(t) > 0$ for $t > 0$, such that $f(t) \to \infty$ as $t \to \infty$, then for $\sigma > 0$ $$|\zeta(\sigma + it)| = o(f(t))$$
Is there any already existing ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

425 views

### explicit large gap for consecutive zeros of the Riemann zeta function

In Theorem 9.12, Titchmarsh (The Theory of the Riemann Zeta Function) proved that
For every large positive T, $\zeta(s)$ has a zero $\beta+i\gamma$ satisfying
$$
|\gamma-T|<\frac{A}{\log\log\log ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

237 views

### Formula in common: How to search for same/similar equations in other knowledge domains?

Hi people
In a recent presentation by Sedgewick, he recounts in 1977 Flajolet noticed that they had a formula in common, both in different domains (see slide 4 in ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is the relation between Quasicrystals, Riemann Hypothesis, and PV numbers?

Could somebody explain to me, from a mathematical stand-point, what is a quasi-crystal, and how it relates to the set of Pisot numbers, and the Riemann Hypothesis?
I've heard Freeman Dyson say that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

587 views

### Generalization of Mertens' theorem

One classical Mertens' theorem tells us that $$\prod_{p \leq n} (1-\frac{1}{p})^{-1} = e^\gamma \log n + \mathcal{O}(1).$$
It is now very natural to ask, whether we have some good estimate to ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

907 views

### Certain functional equations for the Riemann Zeta function?

Referring to this question I asked on math.SE.
I am posting a more generalized question here, for answers and further inquiry.
For the Riemann zeta function, we know of the standard functional ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

602 views

### non-trivial zeros of partial zeta functions

Let $N,a\in\mathbf{Z}_{\geq 1}$. Define a partial $\zeta$-function as
$$
\zeta(s;N,a):=\sum_{\substack{n\geq 1\newline n\equiv a\pmod{N}}} \frac{1}{n^s}
$$
where $Re(s)>1$. Let $\omega$ be either ...

**28**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Optimization problem arising from the study of zeta zeros

Motivation: The following problem arose in [1] while studying the vertical distribution of the zeros of the Riemann zeta-function. At the time, my collaborators and I were unable to solve it and I ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Current Status of the Riemann Hypothesis [closed]

Does anyone know the current progress in showing the Riemann hypothesis? I was only able to find this paper of Conrey that says at least 40% of the zeros of the Riemann Zeta function lie on the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

178 views

### Linear (in)dependence of $\Im(\rho_n)$ and fundamental theorem of arithmetic

Hello,
If I'm not mistaken, globally speaking, Riemann's explicit formula establishes a duality between prime numbers and the non trivial zeroes of the Riemann zeta functions. The imaginary parts of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

443 views

### How ..did Connes get it (trace formula)

i have been reading or at least trying to understand how Connes get the density (approximate) of states
$ N(E)= \frac{E}{2\pi}log \frac{E}{2\pi}- \frac{E}{2\pi}+ \frac{7}{8}+ \frac{1}{\pi}arg ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

269 views

### Definite integral of $\zeta(s)$ over the critical strip

Take the following definite integral:
$$f(s):=\int_s^{1-s} \zeta(x) \mathrm{d} x$$
with $s \in \mathbb{C}$, $s=\sigma \pm ti$, $0<\sigma<1$ and $t,\sigma \in \mathbb{R}$.
The graph of ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

775 views

### A note by N. A. Carella on zero-free regions [closed]

http://arxiv.org/abs/0908.4287
I could not find any reviews for it, but if true its a major claim, because it says that $\Re(\rho) < 21/40$ where $\rho$ is a zeta zero.
My question:
Are there ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

416 views

### Are all zeros of ζ^{k}(s)±ζ^{k}(1−s) on the critical line (k=k-th derivative)?

The non-trivial zeros of $\zeta^{k}(s)$, with $k=k^{th}$ derivative, do not lie on a line and seem to be distributed randomly in the region $\sigma > \frac12$. However the non-real zeros in the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

475 views

### Zeros of the function $\zeta(s) \pm \zeta(\overline s)$

Building on this question: Zeros of $\zeta(s) \pm \zeta(1-s)$, I experimented further with:
$$\zeta(s) \pm \zeta(\overline s)$$
Assuming $s=\sigma + ti$, I observed that this function also has many ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

590 views

### Montgomery's pair correlation function without RH?

In the theory of the Riemann zeta function, Montgomery's Pair correlation function is defined as
$$
F(\alpha) = \frac{1}{N(T)}
\sum_{T < \gamma, \gamma' < 2T} T^{i \alpha (\gamma - \gamma')} ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

936 views

### Is this sum of reciprocals of zeta zeros correct?

I am trying to find or get a numerical approximation of
$$ \sum_{\rho \text{ non-trivial zeros of } \zeta} \frac{1}{\rho} $$
In The Riemann Hypothesis: Arithmetic and Geometry Lagarias gives the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

547 views

### Are there known non-real zeros of derivatives of Riemann zeta with 0 < Re(s) < 1/2?

According to New zero free regions for the derivatives of the Riemann zeta function
assuming the Riemann Hypothesis, $\zeta^{(k)}(s)$ has
at most a finite number of non-real zeros with ...

**16**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Are the 'semi' trivial zeros of $\zeta(s) \pm \zeta(1-s)$ all on the critical line?

The proof that $\Gamma(z)\pm \Gamma(1-z)$ only has zeros for $z \in \mathbb{R}$ or $z= \frac12 +i \mathbb{R}$ has been given here:
Are all zeros of $\Gamma(s) \pm \Gamma(1-s)$ on a line with real ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Expressing a polynomal as products of shifted Riemann zeta functions and reciprocals.

Suppose I have a polynomial $f$ in $p,t,$ say $f=1 \pm p^{a_1}t^{b_1} \pm \cdots \pm p^{a_s}t^{b_s}$ with $a_i,b_i \in \mathbb{N}\cup0$ and $b_i$ is non-zero. Let $X:=${$ \ (1-p^it^j) | i,j \in ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

432 views

### Ihara zeta function

Is there a natural connection between the Ihara zeta function of a graph,
and (for instance) the Riemann zeta function of certain varieties over finite fields ?
Thanks.

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

558 views

### Is there information about the $\rho$'s hidden in the zeros of $\Re(\chi(s))$ ?

Take the symmetrical form of the completed Zeta-function:
$\displaystyle \chi(s) \zeta(s) = \chi(1-s) \zeta(1-s)$
with
$\chi(s)=\pi^{-(\frac{s}{2})} \Gamma(\frac{s}{2})$.
For $s=\sigma + ti$, I ...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

560 views

### Possible locations for non trivial zeroes lying off the critical line

It has been proven that:
1) if $s$ is a non trivial zero $\rho$ of $\zeta(s)$ then so is $1−s$.
2) $\zeta(s) = 2^s \pi^{s-1} \sin(\frac{\pi s}{2}) \Gamma(1-s) \zeta(1-s)$
3) $ 0 < \Re(\rho) ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

557 views

### Upper bounds on the difference of consecutive zeta zeros

There are many results on the spacing of the gaps between nontrivial zeros of the $\zeta$ function, from trivial (average value is $\frac{2\pi}{\log\gamma_n}$) to difficult (bounds on max and min ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

810 views

### Regularizing the divergent sum $1^k + 2^k + \cdots$

EDIT:
Under this "regularization", the harmonic series can be interpreted as $s_{-1}$ and assigned a value $$s_{-1} = \lim_{k \rightarrow 1} \zeta(k) (2-2^k) = -2 \log 2$$
I was looking at ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### The Riemann's Zeta Function represented as a continued fraction and a question of convergence.

The Riemann's zeta function can be expressed as a continued fraction as follows
\begin{align*}
\zeta(z)=\newcommand{\bigk}{\mathop{\Huge\vcenter{\hbox{K}}}}\left(1-\bigk_{k=1}^{\infty ...

**28**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### What is Ricardo Pérez-Marco's eñe product? Does it explain his statistical results on differences of zeta zeros?

The number theory community here at University of Michigan is abuzz with talk of this paper recently posted to the arxiv. If you haven't seen it already, the punch line is that the global differences ...

**19**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### explicit formula for Riemann zeros counting function

I've often seen it stated (in vague terms) that there's a Fourier duality between the set of prime numbers and the set of nontrivial Riemann zeta zeros.
Because there are various explicit formulae ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

605 views

### The Correlation of the Mobius Function and Dirichlet Characters.

Let $\chi$ be a Dirichlet character, and define $\phi_\chi (n)$ so that it satisfies $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty \phi_\chi (n)n^{-s}=\frac{\zeta(s-1)}{L(s,\chi)}.$$
In other words
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

572 views

### Two Dirichlet's series related to the Divisor Summatory Function and to the Riemann's zeta-function.

Considering the $\textit{Divisor Summatory Function}$, $D(n)$, defined as
$$
D(n) = \sum_{k=1}^{n}d(k) ,
$$
where
$$
d(n) = \sum_{k|n}^{n}1.
$$
One can observe the following pattern in the values of ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

328 views

### lower bound for $\Re\zeta(1+it)$

Hi
is there any lower bound for $\Re\zeta(1+it)$.
I did try with computer until some ordinate and I saw $\Re\zeta(1+it)>0$.
If it is true, is there any reference to prove it.
thanks

**2**

votes

**0**answers

334 views

### Characterizing essential singularities

In the paper Picture of an essential singularity, an analogy is made between the multipolar moments of infinitesimal charge distributions and the lines of constant modulus/argument around an essential ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

771 views

### Riemann's $\zeta$ function and the uniform distribution on $[-1,0]$

http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/64566/riemanns-zeta-function-and-the-uniform-distribution-on-1-0
Stackexchange isn't getting really excited about this, so here it is.
The $n$th cumulant of ...