The Riemann zeta function is the function of one complex variable $s$ defined by the series $\zeta(s) = \sum_{n \geq 1} \frac{1}{n^s}$ when $\operatorname{Re}(s)>1$. It admits a meromorphic continuation to $\mathbb{C}$ with only a simple pole at $1$. This function satisfies a functional equation ...

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6
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1answer
393 views

Is there always a zero between consecutive local extrema of $\Re \zeta(1/2+it)$ (or $\Im \zeta(1/2+i t)$

Based on limited numerical evidence, I am inclined to suspect that there is always zero of $\Re \zeta(1/2+it)$ between consecutive local extrema of $\Re \zeta(1/2+it)$ (and the same for $\Im ...
0
votes
3answers
250 views

Inequality for the modulus of Riemann zeta on horizontal lines and alleged partial result of Maple

According to a conjecture p.4 $|\zeta(\frac12 -\Delta + it))| > |\zeta(\frac12 + \Delta + i t|$ for $0 < \Delta < \frac12$ and $|t| > 2 \pi +1$. Since $\zeta(\overline{s}) = ...
2
votes
1answer
241 views

Finite sum seemingly related to nontrivial zeta zeros

For $t \in \mathbb{R}$ define $$ F(t) = \sum_{n=1}^{[t]} \frac{(-1)^{(n-1)}}{n^{\frac12 + it}}$$ Let $\operatorname{Arg}(t)$ be $\operatorname{atan2}(\Im t , \Re t)$ - basically this is $\arctan$, ...
0
votes
0answers
218 views

Differential equation for zeta on the critical line

Edit Major rewrite since Johan Andersson observed the original question is trivial because of vanishing of coefficients. From this question $$ \zeta(1-x) = ...
4
votes
0answers
309 views

$\zeta(x)$ in terms of $\zeta'(x),\zeta'(1-x),\Gamma,\psi$

By differentiating $\xi$ and solving for $\zeta(1-x)$: $$ \zeta(1-x) = \frac{2(\zeta'(x)\Gamma(x/2)+\Gamma((1-x)/2) \zeta'(1-x)\pi^{x-1/2}) )}{\Gamma((1-x)/2) \pi^{-1/2+x}(2\log\pi ...
2
votes
0answers
198 views

computing a certain contour integral [closed]

I want to compute an integral along a vertical line segment. The function I'm integrating involves the zeta-function, and usually the way such integrals are done treats the line segment as one side ...
2
votes
0answers
181 views

Can $\zeta(s)$ for $\Re(s)>1$ be split into two factors that each can be analytically continued?

Assuming the RH and $s \in \mathbb{C}, \rho_n =\frac12 \pm i\gamma_n$, the following (altered) Hadamard product: $$\displaystyle \displaystyle \prod_{n=1}^\infty \left(1- \frac{s}{\frac12+ (-1)^n i ...
0
votes
0answers
195 views

Complex zeros of $\zeta'(s)/\zeta(s) + \zeta'(1-s)/\zeta(1-s) $ = simpler expression (except at zeta zeros)

Let $ G(s) := \frac{\zeta'(s)}{\zeta(s)} + \frac{\zeta'(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$ where $s$ is not a zero of zeta. $G$ has real zeros and a pair of complex zeros near $\frac12 \pm 6i$. Partial results: By ...
3
votes
1answer
372 views

How is “large” defined in an equality for the modulus of Riemann zeta?

This paper p.4 claims: Corollary C. Assume RH. For all large $t$ we have $$|\zeta(\frac12 +it)| \le \exp\left(\frac38 \frac{\log{t}}{\log{\log{t}}}\right) \qquad (1) $$ $t$ a Gram points often ...
3
votes
2answers
304 views

On the critical line $ \Re \zeta'(s)/\zeta(s) =? 1/2 \log(\pi) - 1/2 \Re \psi(s/2)$ ?

For $\Re s = 1/2$ numerical evidence suggest: $$ \Re \zeta'(s)/\zeta(s) = 1/2 \log(\pi) - 1/2 \Re \psi(s/2) \qquad (1) $$ How this was found. Consider the symmetrized zeta function $\zeta^*(x)= ...
39
votes
5answers
4k views

Quasicrystals and the Riemann Hypothesis

Let $0 < k_1 < k_2 < k_3 < \cdots $ be all the zeros of the Riemann zeta function on the critical line: $$ \zeta(\frac{1}{2} + i k_j) = 0 $$ Let $f$ be the Fourier transform of the sum ...
1
vote
0answers
182 views

Zeta sum $\sum_{n=2}^\infty \frac{\zeta(n)}{a^n}$

Probably this is known, but mathworld and wolfram alpha don't recognize this potential identities. Numerical evidence suggests: $$ \sum_{n=2}^\infty \frac{\zeta(n)}{a^n} =? \sum_{n=1}^\infty ...
2
votes
1answer
219 views

Sign of Mertens function

It is well-known that Mertens function $$M(N)=\sum_{i=1}^N\mu(n)$$ changes sign infinitely many times when $N\rightarrow +\infty$. Question: Is there a proof of this statement without Riemann zeta ...
3
votes
2answers
377 views

Bounds for $\sum_{k=1}^\infty\frac{(-1)^{k+1}x^k}{(k-1)!\zeta(2k)}$

Let $$ f(x) = \sum_{k=1}^\infty\frac{(-1)^{k+1}x^k}{(k-1)!\zeta(2k)}$$ Are there lower bounds, upper bounds or (unlikely) simpler closed form for $f(x)$? The bounds for Bernoulli numbers I ...
1
vote
0answers
210 views

References on Taylor series expansion of Riemann xi function

I am looking for the references on Taylor series expansion of Riemann xi function at $\frac{1}{2}$. $$ \xi (s)=\sum_0^{\infty}a_{2n}(s-\frac{1}{2})^{2n}$$ where ...
6
votes
1answer
356 views

Closed form for derivatives $\zeta^{(n)}(1/2)$

According to mathworld 41,42. "Derivatives $\zeta^{(n)}(1/2)$ can also be given in closed form" with example for the first derivative. What is the closed form? References? The motivation is that ...
3
votes
1answer
363 views

zeta(2k+1) is a rational multiple of pi^{2k} zeta'(-2 k) ?

Probably this is well know and elementary and will delete it, but couldn't find it on the web. Got a sketch of proof and numerical evidence that $\zeta(2k+1)$ is a rational multiple of $\pi^{2k} ...
17
votes
4answers
1k views

zeta(3) in terms of derivatives of zeta at 1/2 and pi

Got numerical support that for odd $n$, $\zeta(n)$ might be expressed in terms of the derivatives of $\zeta(\frac12)$. Based on More Zeta Functions for the Riemann Zeros, Andre Voros, p.12, Table 3: ...
3
votes
1answer
362 views

What is the (fractional) half-derivative of zeta at $s=0$ (and how to compute it)?

(I asked this in MSE before but there was only a general reference which did not help for my specific question) I think I understood the concept of fractional derivatives applied to ...
3
votes
0answers
217 views

Alternating sums of the non-trivial zeros of $\zeta(s)$.

It is known that the infinite sum of the non-trivial zeros $\rho_n =\beta + \gamma_ni$ of $\zeta(z)$, when taken in pairs that are either conjugated or reflexive (they give the same outcome), ...
1
vote
2answers
306 views

Does there exist a closed form for the factors of this infinite product ?

Assume $s,a \in \mathbb{C}, a \pm in \ne 0$. The following infinite product nicely converges and can be expressed in a closed form: $$\displaystyle \prod_{n=1}^\infty \left(1- \frac{s}{a+i n} ...
2
votes
2answers
319 views

Riemann Z function, bounds on number of non-trivial zeros along horizontal lines, rather than vertical ones

Concerning the non-trivial zeros of the Riemann Zeta function, one can find quite a lot of literature on: the rate of growth of the number of zeros along the vertical critical line, the zero-free ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

Good uses of Siegel zeros?

The short version of my question goes: What is known to follow from the existence of Siegel zeros? A longer version to give an idea of what I have in mind: The "expectional zeros" of course first ...
5
votes
2answers
623 views

Is there an explicit expression for the imaginary part of some non-trivial zero of zeta,

Is there an explicit expression for the imaginary part of some non-trivial zero of zeta, in terms of well-known constants, such as say $\gamma$ or $\pi$ say ?
23
votes
3answers
3k views

$\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} n^{\mu(n)}=\frac{1}{4 \pi ^2}$

When I tested this in Mathematica, I had expected it to say it did not converge. However, I got this: $$\prod_{n=1}^\infty n^{\mu(n)}=\frac{1}{4 \pi ^2}$$ Note: this is the reciprocal of (3) ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

Efficient way for computation of derivatives of $f(x) = \zeta(1-x) + 1/x $ at integer x?

[This question is copied from math.stackexchange, it didn't get answers so far] For some exercises with (divergent) summation of the Stieltjes constants,see also MSE I'm trying a formula, which ...
4
votes
1answer
422 views

Is there a connection between the closed forms of these two infinite products?

Take the following two infinite products that have closed forms. Assume: $\gamma_n > 0 \in \mathbb{R};s,a,x \in \mathbb{C}; x \ne 0,a \pm ix\gamma_n \ne 0$ The first product: $$\displaystyle ...
3
votes
2answers
566 views

Pair correlation for the Riemann zeros and $(\zeta^\prime(s)/\zeta(s))^\prime$

Added Background: The pair correlation of the zeros of the Riemann zeta function is influenced by the the derivative of the logarithmic derivative $(\zeta^\prime(s)/\zeta(s))^\prime$; see for example ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

On the Universality of the Riemann zeta-function

Hi, I have a question regarding the universality property of the Riemann zeta-function. I am no expert on this, so I'd be glad for any relevant reference. First, recall Voronin's remarkable theorem ...
3
votes
0answers
380 views

An Expression for $\log\zeta(ns)$ derived from the Limit of the truncated Prime $\zeta$ Function

I think, here, I found $$ P_x(s)=\sum_{p < x} \frac{1}{p^s} =\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{ \mu (n)}{n} \sum_{z\in\{1,\rho\}}(-1)^{1-\delta_{1z}} \left[ {\rm li}(t^{\frac zn-s}) \right]^{x}_2 \tag{7} ...
0
votes
1answer
647 views

Can infinite polynomials be expressed as a product of its linear factors?

Background: In the 1700s, Euler solved the Basel Problem, which was to solve $\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{1}{n^2}$ in closed-form. Euler showed that it was equal to $\frac{\pi^2}{6}$ by first expressing ...
0
votes
0answers
143 views

What can be said about zeros of $\zeta(s)$ sharing the largest real part?

Specifically, if $\rho$ is such that $\zeta(\rho)=0$ and $\max_{\rho}\Re(\rho)= \Theta$, can anything interesting be said about the number/distribution of zeros on the vertical line $\sigma=\Theta$? ...
4
votes
3answers
556 views

A closed form of infinite products of complex zeros involving $\Im(\rho_n)$. Does a proof of this closed form imply RH?

Building on this question scaling the imaginary part of $\rho$s in infinite products, I like to conjecture that: $$\displaystyle \prod_{n=1}^\infty \left(1- \frac{s}{\mu_n} \right) \left(1- ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

Upper bounds for $\zeta(s)$ on the critical line

In Graham and Kolesnik's "Van der Corput's Method of Exponential Sums" they mention the results of Watt (1989) who obtained $\zeta(1/2 + it) = O(t^{89/560 + \epsilon})$. Is anyone aware of more ...
15
votes
1answer
455 views

The Riemann zeros and the heat equation

The Riemann xi function $\Xi(x)$ is defined, with $s=1/2+ix$, as $$ \Xi(x)=\frac12 s(s-1)\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s)=2\int_0^\infty \Phi(u)\cos(ux) \, du, $$ where $\Phi(u)$ is defined as $$ ...
4
votes
4answers
442 views

What happens to $\zeta(s)$ when all its $\Im(\rho_n)$ are “scaled” linearly?

I found that the following infinite product with $\mu = a +n b i$ and a,b real, $s \in \mathbb{C}$: $$\displaystyle \prod_{n=1}^\infty \left(1- \frac{s}{\mu} \right) \left(1- \frac{s}{1-\mu} ...
1
vote
1answer
298 views

$\zeta(2k+1)$ expressed in a product of two infinite products of non-trivial zeros.

Take the Hadamard product for $\zeta(s)$: $$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \pi^{\frac{s}{2}} \dfrac{\prod_\rho \left(1- \frac{s}{\rho} \right) \left(1- \frac{s}{1-\rho} ...
32
votes
6answers
3k views

Geometric / physical / probabilistic interpretations of Riemann zeta(n>1)?

What are some physical, geometric, or probabilistic interpretations of the values of the Riemann zeta function at the positive integers greater than one? I've found some examples: 1) In MO-Q111339 ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

The influence of $\chi(s)$ on complex zeros of $\frac{\zeta(\overline{s})}{\zeta(1-s)} \pm \frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-\overline{s})}$

I was exploring the formula: $$g(s)_{\pm} := \displaystyle \frac{\zeta(\overline{s})}{\zeta(1-s)} \pm \frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-\overline{s})}$$ and found that for all $\Re(s) \ne \frac12$: ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Riemann zeta function at positive integers and an Appell sequence of polynomials related to fractional calculus

I was exploring some raising and lowering operators related to an infinitesimal generator for fractional integro-derivatives and found an Appell sequence of polynomials, i.e., an infinite sequence of ...
1
vote
0answers
225 views

Mellin inverse of the Hadamard product rep. of the Riemann zeta function?

The floor function is given - by Perron's formula - as a Mellin inverse of the zeta function. namely : $$\left \lfloor x \right \rfloor=\frac{1}{2\pi ...
7
votes
3answers
539 views

Sharpening of Lindelöf hypothesis

The Lindelöf hypothesis is: $$ \forall \epsilon >0,\exists C_\epsilon >0,\forall t\ge 1,\quad \vert\zeta(\frac12+it)\vert\le C_\epsilon t^\epsilon.\qquad \tag{LH}. $$ It is a weaker statement ...
3
votes
2answers
319 views

How to check numerical precision of my computation of Stieltjes-constants?

In a thread in MSE I proposed an older routine of mine for the efficient computation of coefficients; I use a very similar routine for the quick&dirty computation of the Stieltjes-constants. ...
6
votes
2answers
946 views

Euler Mascheroni Constant, Curious?

I found this formula for the Euler-Mascheroni constant $\gamma$. Just wondering whether such a formula already exists in literature? Also, wanted to know whether there are formulas that ...
0
votes
2answers
407 views

What are the fallacies that this RH inequality may fail at most finitely often?

According to "EQUIVALENCES TO THE RIEMANN HYPOTHESIS p.4 Let $g(n)$ be the maximal order of a permutation of n objects RH Equivalence 3.3. The Riemann Hypothesis is equivalent to $\log{g(n)} < ...
6
votes
1answer
659 views

If a non-trivial zero of the zeta function existed off the critical line, would infinitely many zeros exist with the same real part?

It is known that there exist infinitely many non-trivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function in the critical strip. Also, we know that infinitely many zeros are on the critical line - more than 1/3 ...
9
votes
4answers
784 views

Axioms for Riemann $\zeta$ function

Are there any set of axioms that completely characterize the Riemann zeta function? i.e. like Ressayre axioms for the exponential function in an exponential field or functional equations.
1
vote
2answers
700 views

Trying to debunk a claim

Claim: Take any function $f(t) > 0$ for $t > 0$, such that $f(t) \to \infty$ as $t \to \infty$, then for $\sigma > 0$ $$|\zeta(\sigma + it)| = o(f(t))$$ Is there any already existing ...
2
votes
2answers
419 views

explicit large gap for consecutive zeros of the Riemann zeta function

In Theorem 9.12, Titchmarsh (The Theory of the Riemann Zeta Function) proved that For every large positive T, $\zeta(s)$ has a zero $\beta+i\gamma$ satisfying $$ |\gamma-T|<\frac{A}{\log\log\log ...
4
votes
2answers
235 views

Formula in common: How to search for same/similar equations in other knowledge domains?

Hi people In a recent presentation by Sedgewick, he recounts in 1977 Flajolet noticed that they had a formula in common, both in different domains (see slide 4 in ...