**13**

votes

**1**answer

335 views

### Does Littlewood's bound on $\zeta(1+it)$ extend to all the partial sums?

Littlewood established that $2e^{\gamma} \geq \limsup_{t \to \infty} |\zeta(1+it)| / \log{\log{t}} \geq e^{\gamma}$, the lower bound unconditionally and the upper bound on RH. It now seems to be ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Xi Function on Critical Strip - Mellin Transform

Story
I'm trying to prove following identity
$$\int_0^\infty \frac{\Xi(t)}{t^2 + \frac{1}{4}} \cos(xt) dt = \frac{1}{2} \pi (e^{\frac{1}{2}x} - 2e^{-\frac{1}{2}x} \psi(e^{-2x}))$$
where
$$\psi(x)=\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

61 views

### The Franca-Leclair approximation does not exactly approximate the Riemann zeta zeros but rather the points where only the real part of zeta is zero

Am I right that the Franca-Leclair approximation is a better approximation to the points on the critical line where the real part of the Riemann zeta function is zero and the imaginary part of log ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### A condition for the Riemann Zeta-function by modification of its functional equation

The equation, $s\in\mathbb{C}$ with $0<\Re(s)<1$:
$$\frac{\zeta(2-s)}{\zeta(1+s)}=\frac{\Gamma(1+\frac{s}{2})}{\Gamma(1+\frac{1-s}{2})}\pi^{\frac{1}{2}-s}$$
A general question: For which ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

280 views

### The Zeta Function Before Riemann [duplicate]

Leonhard Euler studied the function that is now known as the Riemann zeta function. I have not found the notation $\zeta$ in any of the works of any mathematicians prior to Bernhard Riemann's paper On ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

261 views

### An explicit formula for $\zeta(2m+1)$ with good convergence

The question: Is the following formula known?
$$\zeta(2m+1)=\frac{(-1)^m 2^{4m+2}\pi^{2m}}{2^{2m}-1} \sum\limits_{k=1}^m \frac{(2^{2k}-1)b_{2k}}{2^{2k}(2k)!}\cdot \sum\limits_{v=k}^m \frac{(2^{2v-2k+...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Proof of Euler's reflection formula via rapidly decreasing Fourier series

Story
I want to prove Euler's reflection formula by showing that
\begin{equation*}
f(s) = \sin(\pi s) \Gamma(s) \Gamma(1 - s)
\end{equation*}
is constant, where $s = \sigma + it$. It's easy to see ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

335 views

### About the logarithmic derivative of the Riemann zeta function

Let $\rho=\beta+i\gamma$ a non-trivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function and $s=\sigma+it$ a complex number. It is possible to prove that $$\frac{\zeta'}{\zeta}\left(s\right)=\sum_{\left|t-\gamma\...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

298 views

### How to prove that $\int _0^\infty\frac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$ is a rational combination of zeta values?

For $n\ge m\ge 2$, define $$I(n,m):= \int _0^\infty\dfrac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$$ Computer algebra systems say that the indefinite integral can be expressed in terms of polylog functions (of ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

418 views

### Is there a closed form of $\int_0^\frac12\dfrac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$?

For naturals $n\ge m$, define
$$I(n,m):=\int_0^\frac12\dfrac{\text{arcsinh}^nx}{x^m}dx$$
with $\text{arcsinh}\ x=\ln(x+\sqrt{1+x^2} )$, so $\text{arcsinh} \frac12=\ln \frac{\sqrt{5}+1}2 $.
Is it ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### Convergence of a triple sum involving the imaginary part of the Riemann zeta function's non trivial zeros

Let $N>0$ an integer, $k>0$ a real parameter and let $\rho = \beta +i \gamma$ a non trivial zero of the Riemann zeta function. For a work I need to find the best possible $k$ such that $$I=\sum_{...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Square integral of finite Euler product

Consider the finite Euler product
$$
P(t) = \prod_{r=1}^R \left(1 + p_r^{i t} \right).
$$
(Here $p_1, p_2, \dots$ are of course the primes.)
Question: What is a good asymptotic upper bound for
$$
\...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

305 views

### Riemann zeta function: pair correlations vs. neighbor spacings

Montgomery's pair correlation conjecture states that the distribution of the pair correlations of the zeroes of the Riemann zeta function (normalized to have average spacing 1) is given by the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

94 views

### For which integer values of $k$ can we find one solution to the equation $\sum\limits_{n=1}^{n=k} \frac{1}{n^s}=0$ by iteration? [closed]

I am trying to find solutions to the well known equation:
$$\sum\limits_{n=1}^{n=k} \frac{1}{n^s}=0$$
Now with this program below I have found that for certain values of the integer $k$ one can find ...

**34**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### The Bourgain-Demeter-Guth breakthrough and the Riemann zeta function?

Yesterday Bourgain, Demeter and Guth released a preprint proving (up to endpoints) the so-called main conjecture of the Vinogradov's Mean Value Theorem for all degrees. This had previously been only ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### estimates of $c_k$ in $\left|\frac{\zeta^{(k)}}{\zeta} (1+it)\right| \le c_k Y^k(t)$

By the Vinogradov-Korobov estimate we have
$\left|\frac{\zeta^{(k)}}{\zeta} (1+it)\right| \le c_k Y^k(t)$ where $Y(t)= \ln^{2/3} (|t|+3) (\ln\ln (|t|+3))^{1//3}$ for some $c_k$.
I search the value ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

201 views

### Is the difference of these two real-rooted functions real-rooted?

During our on-going search of approximations to the Riemann $\Xi(z)$ function, we discovered a family of functions $W_n(z)$ as shown in (1).
Our final goal is to prove that:
Proposition 1: $W_{n}(z)...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

93 views

### An apparent closed form for a slightly tweaked Dirichlet L-function. Could it be proven? [closed]

I made a small tweak to the well-known Dirichlet L-function ($p$=prime):
$$L(s, \chi_4) :=\prod_p \bigg(\frac {p^s}{p^s-\chi_4(p)} \bigg)=\prod_p \bigg(\frac {p^s}{p^s-\sin\left(\frac{p \,\pi}{2}\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### What is the connection between the Riemann Xi-function and n-sphere? [closed]

Riemann's Xi-function is defined as
$$\xi(s) = \pi^{-s/2}\ \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\ \zeta(s)$$
At the same time we have the following formulas for n-sphere's area and volume:
$$\begin{array}{...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

195 views

### How to formalize the *loci of equal arg($\zeta(s)$)* (“isogones”) in the near of a nontrivial root

(This is an extension and specification of a question which I initially asked in MSE having now one comment (which I could not yet digest completely) and which I also detailed further (after working ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

161 views

### Values of the completed Riemann $\xi(1+it)$ for small t?

I'm editing this question heavily for clarity:
I am looking for methods to compute $\zeta(1+it)$, or the (partially) completed Riemann zeta function
$$\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s)$$
along the line ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

131 views

### Deduce average order of $\phi(n)/n$ from probability that two integers are coprime

I've seen proofs of the fact that the probability of two random integers being coprime is $\frac{6}{\pi^2}$ (all of them leading to a use of the Riemann Zeta function and the Basel problem). In ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### Moments of completed L-functions?

This is a follow up question to this one.
It seems that results on moments of L-functions, that is, estimates for integrals of the form
$$\int^{T}_1|\zeta(\sigma+it)|^{2k}dt$$
are typically for the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Behaviour of $\zeta(1-it)/\zeta(1+it)$?

I am trying to understand the behaviour of
$$\int^\infty_{-\infty}\frac{\xi(1-it)}{\xi(1+it)}h(t)\frac{dt}{t}$$
where $h$ is a Schwartz function on $\mathbb R$, and $\xi(s)$ the completed Riemann zeta ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Zeta zeros standard normal distribution about $\vartheta (\gamma_n)$

Asked at MSE here without response.
I realise that this resembles Odlyzko's famous nearest neighbours plot, and was wondering whether this is simply a manifestation of the same phenomenon.
That said,...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### On existence of rapid Arithmetic geometric procedure?

We know that $\pi$ can be computed by Arithmetic Geometric mean using Gauss-Legendre procedure which does provide fastest convergence rate as well with a guarantee of $2^n$ bits of $\pi$ at $n$th ...

**37**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is this integral representation of $\zeta(2n+1)$ known?

Background: I'm an undergraduate at an institution with no researchers in analytic number theory, and no ties to the analytic number theory community. I believe I have found what is, as far as I can ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

554 views

### stable homotopy groups and zeta function

I have heard during a discussion that there is a well known relation between the stable homotopy groups of a sphere (more precisely the order of stable homotopy groups of localized sphere spectrum ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### Functional equation or analytic continuation of certain approximations to $\zeta^z(s)$?

Let $z$ be a complex number and $\omega(n)$ denote the number of distinct prime factors of the natural number $n$. I am considering the arithmetic functions $|\mu(n)|z^{\omega(n)}$ and their ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

343 views

### Trivial zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function are simple

The trivial zeroes of the Riemann Zeta function are located on $-2\mathbb N^*$ and they are simple. It is not difficult to see that, but the proof I have in mind is using the fact that $\xi(-2k)=\xi(1+...

**-7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Non-standard numbers and exponential form of Zeta function [closed]

Basic idea
For a long time I was looking for a numerical system that would allow to compare infinite sets. In contrast to Cantor's approach that empathizes the possibility of on-to-one correspondence ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

278 views

### Approximations to the Mertens function

The Mertens function $M(x)$ is the summatory Möbius function i.e.
$$M(x) = \sum_{k=1}^{x} \mu (k)$$
The conjecture that $M(x) = \mathcal{O}\left(x^{\frac{1}{2} + \epsilon}\right)$ was shown to be ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

465 views

### One-to-one correspondance between zeta zeros and the prime powers? [closed]

This question is highly speculative, but I would really appreciate some insight into the problem. Previously asked on MSE without answer here.
I have noticed an interesting property related to the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

300 views

### Is this differential equation for zeta on the critical line? One can compute it from its derivative and simpler functions

Looks like on the critical line one can compute
$\zeta(1/2+it)$ from $\zeta^{'}(1/2+it)$ and simpler functions.
Let
$$
\begin{aligned}
f(t)= & 2\, \left( {\frac { \left( \left| \zeta^{'} \left(...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### Are there infinitely many zeros of $\chi(s)+ \dfrac{2^{s}- 2^{2s-1}}{2^{s}-1}$ on the critical line?

Take $\chi(s)= 2^s\,\pi^{s-1}\,\sin\left(\frac{\pi\,s}{2}\right)\,\Gamma(1-s)$, so that $\zeta(s)=\chi(s)\,\zeta(1-s)$.
The zeros of $\chi(s)=-1$ and the non-trivial zeros $\rho$ of $\zeta(s)$, seem ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Do the roots of this equation involving two Euler products all reside on the critical line?

This question loosely builds on the second part of this one.
Take the Riemann $\xi$-function: $\xi(s) =\frac12 s\,(s-1) \,\pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\, \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s)$. Numerical ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Are all complex zeros of $\Psi^{(s)}(1) \pm \Psi^{(1-s)}(1)$ on the critical line?

veThe balanced polygamma function $\Psi^{(s)}(x)$ for $x=1$ can be expressed as:
$$\Psi^{(s)}(1)=\dfrac{\big(\Psi(-s)+\gamma\big)\,\zeta(s+1)+\zeta'(s+1)}{\Gamma(-s)}$$
Note $\Psi(s)$ is the digamma ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Are all complex zeros of $\dfrac{\zeta'}{\zeta}(s) \pm \dfrac{\zeta'}{\zeta}(1-s)$ on the critical line $\Re(s)=\frac12$?

Numerical evidence suggests that all complex zeros (real ones exist as well) of:
$$\frac{\zeta'}{\zeta}(s) \pm \frac{\zeta'}{\zeta}(1-s)$$
reside on the critical line with $\Re(s)=\frac12$.
I made ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

162 views

### Counting prime powers $p^{\frac{k}{t}} \left( t \in \mathbb{R}{+}, k \in \mathbb{N} \right)$ by changing $\rho$'s in $\psi(x)$?

With $\rho=\beta+ \gamma \,i$ being a non-trivial zero of $\zeta(s)$, the logarithmic prime counting function is:
$$\psi(x) = x - \log(2\pi) - \frac12 \log\left(1- \frac{1}{x^2}\right) - \sum_{\rho}...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### how understand periodicity in a combination of power, gamma and zeta functions?

Riemann's functional equation may be written:
$$
\frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-s)} = 2^s \pi^{s-1} \sin(\frac{\pi s}2) \Gamma(1-s) \tag{1}
$$
and so by symmetry:
$$
\frac{\zeta(1-s)}{\zeta(s)} = 2^{1-s} \pi^...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

435 views

### Is this theorem on $L$-functions known?

Notations For $f$ a meromorphic function on a domain $\Omega\subseteq \textbf{C}$, we shall say for convenience that $f$ is represented by an Ordinary Dirichlet Series (ODS) if $f$ can be written in ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

256 views

### The horizontal distribution of zeros of $\zeta^\prime(s)$

I have a question about a detail in the proof of Proposition 1.6 in "The horizontal distribution of zeros of $\zeta^\prime(s)$", K. Soundararajan, Duke J. Math. vol. 91 1998.
Throughout I will ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

138 views

### How to assess the influence of a specific term in this telescoping series for $\zeta(s)$?

I like to expand on this (unanswered) MSE question.
Take the following, nicely symmetrical, telescoping series for $\zeta(s)$:
$$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \frac{1}{2\,(s-1)} \left(1+\sum _{n=1}^{\...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

354 views

### Asymptotic expansion of $\zeta(s \mid a,b)= \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(n+a)^{s}(n+b)}$

I'm interested in an asymptotic expansion of the following Riemann zeta-type function
$$
\begin{align}
\displaystyle \zeta(s \mid a,b) := \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(n+a)^{s}(n+b)},
\quad \Re a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### Square-free grows as $6n/\pi^2$: $k$-th free?

The asymptotic number of
square-free numbers
$\le n$ is $Q(n) = 6n/\pi^2 + O(\sqrt{n})$.
Because
$\zeta(2)=\pi^2/6$,
$Q(n) \approx n/\zeta(2)$.
OEIS A004709
says that cube-free numbers have ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

151 views

### Are all zeros of $\xi(a\,s) \pm \xi\left(a\,(1-s)\right)$ on the critical line for $\forall a \in \mathbb{R}/0$?

This question expands on this one and seems to have a stronger result.
Take the Riemann $\xi$-function $\xi(s) =\frac12 s\,(s-1) \,\pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\, \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s)$. We ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

607 views

### How good can we approximate with algebraic curve the egg shaped vanishing of $\Re \zeta(s)$ near the origin?

Related to this question
where degree $2$ algebraic curve is good approximation to vanishing of
the real part of expression involving zeta.
Near the origin, $\Re \zeta(s)$ vanishes in egg shaped form:...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### How comes vanishing of the real part of function involving zeta is very well approximated by algebraic curve?

In this question
Agno asked about the zeros of $\zeta\left(\frac{s}{a}\right) \pm \zeta\left(\frac{1-s}{a}\right)$.
I fixed $a=2$ and the minus sign and defined:
$$
f(s)=\Re \left( \zeta\left(\frac{...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Are the complex zeros of $\zeta\left(\frac{s}{a}\right) \pm \zeta\left(\frac{1-s}{a}\right)$ all on the critical line for $a \lt 0, a \ge 1$?

With $s \in \mathbb{C}, a \in \mathbb{R}$,
numerical evidence strongly suggests that the complex zeros in the critical strip of:
$$\zeta\left(\frac{s}{a}\right) \pm \zeta\left(\frac{1-s}{a}\right)$$...