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58
votes
1answer
2k views

Is there a complex surface into which every Riemann surface embeds?

This question was previously asked on Math SE. Every Riemann surface can be embedded in some complex projective space. In fact, every Riemann surface $\Sigma$ admits an embedding $\varphi : \Sigma ...
37
votes
3answers
9k views

Properly Discontinuous Action

When looking definition, and theorems related to Properly discontinuous action of a group $G$ on a topological space $X$, it is different in different books (Topology and Geometry-Bredon, Complex ...
33
votes
3answers
2k views

If Spec Z is like a Riemann surface, what's the analogue of integration along a contour?

Rings of functions on a nonsingular algebraic curve (which, over $\mathbb{C}$, are holomorphic functions on a compact Riemann surface) and rings of integers in number fields are both examples of ...
31
votes
5answers
3k views

Maryam Mirzakhani's works

Maryam Mirzakhani has made several contributions to the theory of moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces. Mirzakhani was awarded the Fields Medal in 2014 for "her outstanding contributions to the dynamics ...
31
votes
5answers
2k views

Intuition behind moduli space of curves

For a genus g compact smooth surface $M$, an algebraic structure is the same as a complex structure is the same as a conformal structure. So the moduli space of smooth curves should be the same as the ...
24
votes
4answers
834 views

Deep/precise relationship between two approaches to FLT for polynomials, $n = 3$

David Speyer commented the following here. I saw Brian Conrad give an excellent one hour talk to undergraduates where he proved that there do not exist nonconstant, relatively prime, polynomials ...
22
votes
6answers
3k views

Problem in Rick Miranda: finding genus of a Projective curve

I asked the following question in stack exchange (http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/21164/problem-in-rick-miranda-finding-genus-of-a-projective-curve) a few days ago, but didn't get any ...
21
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there anything special about the Riemann surface $y^2 = x(x^{10}+11x^5-1)$?

I stumbled upon the fact that the Bolza surface can be obtained as the locus of the equation, $y^2 = x^5-x$ Its automorphism group has the highest order for genus $2$, namely $48$. I recognized ...
21
votes
10answers
6k views

Uniformization theorem for Riemann surfaces

How does one prove that every simply connected Riemann surface is conformally equivalent to the open unit disk, the complex plane, or the Riemann sphere, and these are not conformally equivalent to ...
20
votes
7answers
4k views

Links between Riemann surfaces and algebraic geometry

I'm taking introductory courses in both Riemann surfaces and algebraic geometry this term. I was surprised to hear that any compact Riemann surface is a projective variety. Apparently deeper links ...
18
votes
0answers
498 views

On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces

History of the Formula: In their famous paper "On Determinants of Laplacians on Riemann Surfaces" (1986), D'Hoker and Phong computed the determinant of the Laplacian $\Delta_n^+$ on the space $T^n$ of ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

History of the connection between Riemann surfaces and complex algebraic curves

As noted in the question "Links between Riemann surfaces and algebraic geometry", there are strong connections between Riemann surfaces and algebraic geometry - for example, compact Riemann surfaces ...
17
votes
3answers
413 views

Gromov-Hausdorff limits of 2-dimensional Riemannian surfaces

Let $\{M_i\}$ be a sequence of 2-dimensional orientable closed surfaces of genus $g$ with smooth Riemannian metrics with the Gauss curvature at least $-1$ and diameter at most $D$. By the Gromov ...
17
votes
1answer
426 views

Avoiding integers in the spectrum of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface

Let $\Sigma^2$ be an orientable compact surface of genus $gen(\Sigma)\geq2$, and denote by $\mathcal M(\Sigma)$ the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on $\Sigma$, i.e., Riemannian metrics of constant ...
17
votes
1answer
774 views

Octonions and the Fano plane.

Does the Fano plane mnemonic for octonion multiplication have any deeper meaning? http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/FanoPlane.svg The symmetry group of the Fano plane is PSL(2,7), ...
16
votes
9answers
7k views

Teichmuller Theory introduction

What is a good introduction to Teichmuller theory, mapping class groups etc., and relation to moduli space of curves or Riemann surfaces?
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Riemann surfaces: explicit algebraic equations

Suppose $\Gamma$ is a nice discrete subgroup of $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ such that the genus of the Riemann surface $\mathbb{H}/\Gamma$ is larger than 1. We know that this Riemann surface is also an ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

“Physical” construction of nonconstant meromorphic functions on compact Riemann surfaces?

Miranda's book on Riemann surfaces ignores the analytical details of proving that compact Riemann surfaces admit nonconstant meromorphic functions, preferring instead to work out the algebraic ...
16
votes
1answer
767 views

Irrational Numbers and the Riemann Surface of a Multi-Valued Function

Suppose a meromorphic function $f(z)$ has two poles, with residues $1$ and $\gamma$, respectively. Then the topology of the Riemann surface of the anti-derivative of $f(z)$ depends on whether or not ...
15
votes
4answers
805 views

What are the possible automorphism groups of Riemann surfaces of low genus?

Skipping the easy cases of genus 0 and 1, what groups can arise as the group of conformal transformations of a Riemann surfaces of genus, say, 2 or 3? I'm frustrated because there are papers that ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there an algebraic construction of the Quillen (determinant) Line Bundle?

Let's consider the moduli space of representations of $\pi=\pi_1(\Sigma)$ (a surface group) into $G$ (a lie group). Call this $X=\operatorname{Hom}(\pi,G)$, and let ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

Representations of surface groups via holomorphic connections

EDIT: Tony Pantev has pointed out that the answer to this question will appear in forthcoming work of Bogomolov-Soloviev-Yotov. I look forward to reading it! Background Let $E \to X$ be a ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Teichmuller modular forms and number theory

Do higher genus Teichmuller modular forms have, or are they expected to have, implications for number theory that generalize the sorts of results that flow from the study of classical modular forms?
13
votes
3answers
583 views

Hyperelliptic loci in Teichmueller spaces

Let ${\cal M}_g$ be the moduli space of smooth complex genus $g$ curves, let ${\cal H}_g\subset {\cal M}_g$ be the hyperelliptic locus and set ${{\cal H}}'_g$ to be the preimage of ${\cal H}_g$ in the ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Automorphisms of Riemann Surfaces

Izumi Kuribayashi and Akikazu Kuribayashi have classified all groups of automorphisms of compact Riemann surfaces of genus 3,4,5. (J. Pure Applied Alg.65(3)-Sept.1990, and J. Alg.134(1) Oct.1990) ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

The fundamental group of a closed surface without classification of surfaces?

The fundamental group of a closed oriented surface of genus $g$ has the well-known presentation $$ \langle x_1,\ldots, x_g,y_1,\ldots ,y_g\vert \prod_{i=1}^{g} [x_i,y_i]\rangle. $$ The proof I know ...
13
votes
3answers
891 views

Injective morphism from curves to $\mathbb CP^2$

Is there a smooth compact complex curve that does not admit an injective holomorphic map to $\mathbb CP^2$ ? Let me stress, that the image of the curve in $\mathbb CP^2$ can have singularities. I ...
13
votes
1answer
511 views

Essential uniqueness of the real-analytic structure on $\mathbb R$

It is well-known that any $C^k$-smooth $1$-manifold homeomorphic to $\mathbb R$ is $C^k$-diffeomorphic to $\mathbb R$. The cases of $k\in{\mathbb N}\cup$ {$\infty$} may all be handled similarly by ...
13
votes
2answers
609 views

Belyi functions on non-compact surfaces; or: Building Riemann surfaces from equilateral triangles

Some background on (compact) Belyi surfaces $\newcommand{\Ch}{\hat{\mathbb{C}}}$ A compact Riemann surface $X$ is called a Belyi surface if there exists a branched covering map $f:X\to \Ch$ such that ...
12
votes
4answers
802 views

Analogy between the nodal cubic curve $y^2=x^3+x^2$ and the ring $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-3}]$?

I'm trying to motivate a bit of algebraic geometry in an abstract algebra course (while simultaneously trying to learn a bit of algebraic geometry), and I thought that it might be nice to present an ...
12
votes
7answers
2k views

What should be taught in a 1st course on Riemann Surfaces?

I am teaching a topics course on Riemann Surfaces/Algebraic Curves next term. The course is aimed at 1st and 2nd year US graduate students who have have taken basic coursework in algebra and manifold ...
11
votes
4answers
424 views

Growth of smallest closed geodesic in congruence subgroups?

Let $\Gamma$ be one of the classical congruence subgroups $\Gamma_0(N)$, $\Gamma_1(N)$ and $\Gamma(N)$ of $SL(2, \mathbb{Z})$. How does the lower bound for the length of primitive geodesics on ...
11
votes
2answers
452 views

A “holomorphic” Peano curve?

A Peano curve is a continuous map $[0,1]\to [0,1]^2$ whose image is the whole square. I would like to know if on can obtain "holomorphic" Peano curves. Namely, is it possible to find a continuous ...
11
votes
3answers
548 views

Does every smoothly embedded surface $\mathbb{R}^3$ inherit a natural complex structure, and if so, which one?

Smoothly embed a genus g surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$, and pick a normal vector pointing "out" of the surface at each point. Then on each tangent plane, I have a map which rotates the tangent plane 90 ...
11
votes
3answers
648 views

Conformal Welding Reference

I'm looking for a reference for the following fact: given two Riemann surfaces and an identification of their boundaries, once I topologically glue the surfaces together there exists a unique ...
11
votes
1answer
185 views

Is there a proof of the uniformization theorem using circle packing?

In this paper: http://www.dm.unipi.it/~benedett/rodin-sullivan.pdf Rodin and Sullivan show that circle packings converge to the Riemann map. Later, Scharmm and He found another proof of the same ...
11
votes
1answer
466 views

Complex curves covered by smooth plane curves

Question: Is it true that for every smooth compact complex curve $C$ there exists a smooth curve $C'$ in $\mathbb CP^2$ that admits a non-trivial morphism (i.e. holomorphic map) $C'\to C$? ...
11
votes
0answers
192 views

Canonical Immersion of the Double Torus

It is easy to check that the immersion $\mathbb{T}^2=\mathbb{S}^1\times \mathbb{S}^1\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}^4$, $(\alpha,\beta)\longmapsto(\cos\alpha,\sin\alpha,\cos\beta,\sin\beta)$ induces the ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Teichmuller theory and moduli of Riemann surfaces

This is a sequel to my earlier question asking for references for Teichmuller theory and moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces. In this connection, I have read Chapter 11 of the book Primer of mapping ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Laplace-Beltrami Operator on Surfaces

I would like to know what is known about the spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on 2-dimensional negatively curved surfaces of constant curvature. For instance, What is the spectrum of the ...
10
votes
3answers
451 views

Quotient of the hyperbolic plane with respect to commutator group of $\pi_1(\Sigma_g)$

Let $\Sigma_g$ be a Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$ and $G=\pi_1(\Sigma_g)$. Let $\pi\colon \mathbb{H}\to \Sigma_g$ be the universal covering map. What kind of surface is $\mathbb{H}/[G,G]$? ...
10
votes
3answers
788 views

How do you recover the structure of the upper half plane from its description as a coset space?

This is maybe a dumb question. $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ has a natural action on the upper half plane $\mathbb{H}$ which is transitive with stabilizer isomorphic to $SO_2(\mathbb{R})$. For this reason, ...
9
votes
5answers
778 views

Schottky locus in genus 2

Let $\phi_g : \mathcal{M}_g \rightarrow \mathcal{A}_g$ be the period mapping from the open moduli space of genus $g$ Riemann surfaces to the moduli space of $g$-dimensional principally polarized ...
9
votes
1answer
325 views

Injective morphism from an elliptic curve to $\mathbb CP^2$.

Let $E$ be the elliptic curve $x^3+y^3+z^3=0$. Question. Are there injective morphisms $E\to \mathbb CP^2$ of arbitrary high degree? Comments. 1) There are injective morphisms $E\to \mathbb CP^2$ ...
9
votes
2answers
402 views

Embedding a Riemann surface in the sphere

Assume we have a Riemann surface, the underlying topological surface of which is a sphere with (possibly uncountably many) points removed. Can we always conformally embed this Riemann surface in the ...
8
votes
6answers
1k views

What is a branched Riemann surface with cuts?

Edit: Let me restate the main claim being made in these two papers, Consider the "branched" Riemann surface which has "n" sheets stuck along the intervals, $[z_i, z_{i+1}]$ for $i=1,..,2N$ then it ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Hyperbolicity on Riemann Surfaces

For Riemann surfaces there are at least to possible notions of hyperbolicity. The classical one given by the Uniformization Theorem, or equivalently the type problem, which essentially says that a ...
8
votes
3answers
941 views

What prevents a cover to be Galois?

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a ramified cover of Riemann surfaces or algebraic curves over $\mathbb{C}$. My question is can one in terms of the ramification data of $f$, determine whether the cover is ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Finding Constant Curvature Metrics on Surfaces without full power of Uniformization

(I rewrote this question, hopefully it's more clear now. It's still the same question, but I reordered its parts.) Let S be a surface (possibly non-compact, but no boundary). It seems that there are ...
8
votes
2answers
308 views

The class of the diagonal in the symmetric product of a smooth curve

Let $C$ be a smooth curve of genus $g$, and let us consider its $d$-th symmetric product $\textrm{Sym}^d(C)$ and its Jacobian $J(C)$. Fixing a point $p_0 \in C,$ there are two maps $$u_d\colon C_d \to ...