# Tagged Questions

The riemann-surfaces tag has no usage guidance.

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### Classification compact Riemann Surfaces

I know that all compact Riemann surfaces with the same genus are topologically equivalent. Moreover they are diffeomorphic. But are they biholomorphic, too?
In other words, is the complex structure ...

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### Is there an algebraic analogue of the degeneration of riemann surfaces in M_g

Degeneration of certain functions such as theta functions or Green's functions in the moduli space $\overline{\mathcal{M}_g}$ of stable curves of genus $g$ has been studied quite alot. The idea is to ...

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339 views

### A theorem by Hopf on surfaces

I am reading a paper on Riemann surfaces and faced a problem about one of the refernces the author gave in the exlaination of one of the results.
Here is a summary of what I am reading:
Let $X_1$ ...

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493 views

### The smallest positive eigenvalue and the length of the shortest geodesic

I'm confused about some things concerning lengths of geodesics on Riemann surfaces and positive eigenvalues of the Laplacian. Moreover, I'm also interested in the relation between these two.
Let $X$ ...

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276 views

### Reference request: parametrizing covers of the projective line

Hurwitz spaces (or Hurwitz schemes) parametrize covers of the projective line. One can do this in many ways.
For example, one could fix the number $r$ of branch points, the degree $n$ of the cover ...

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### Historical basis and mathematical significance of Riemann surfaces [closed]

It is written in Riemann Surfaces (Oxford Graduate Texts in Mathematics) by Simon Donaldson, that:
"[t]he theory of Riemann surfaces occupies a very special place in mathematics. It is a culmination ...

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598 views

### $Aut(\mathbb{CP}^n)$ [..especially $n=1$ and $n=2$..]

I am confused and curious about the meaning of the $Aut(\mathbb{CP}^n)$.
Is what is called the "linear automorphism group" of $\mathbb{CP}^n$ the same as $Aut(\mathbb{CP}^n)$? It somehow seems to me ...

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253 views

### Any introduction to Teichmuller Space of T^2?

Is there any well written introduction for the modular space of complex structures on T^2?
Thank you!

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419 views

### Given a curve, under which condition is the set of gonal morphisms finite

Recently, in my research I bumped onto gonal morphisms. At the moment, my knowledge is based upon some things I read on the internet. Before stating my questions, I added some definitions/facts that ...

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### Hyperbolicity on Riemann Surfaces

For Riemann surfaces there are at least to possible notions of hyperbolicity. The classical one given by the Uniformization Theorem, or equivalently the type problem, which essentially says that a ...

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589 views

### Branch points of a non-constant holomorphic map between compact riemann surfaces

While working on a project for mathematics I came across the following lemma: [Kock]
If $X$ is a curve defined over an algebraically closed subfield $N$ of $\mathbb{C}$ and let $t:X\rightarrow ...

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663 views

### A question on part of “An introduction to teichmuller spaces” by Imayoshi-Taniguchi

I was reading the part on Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates, the proof on page 64, I don't understand when they say:
Since
$\theta_j(t_1)=\theta_j(t_2)$, $j=1,\ldots,3g-3$, all $g_k$ can be glued ...

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601 views

### Atiyah-Bott Yang-Mills connections

In Atiyah-Bott's paper on Yang-Mills equations on Riemann surfaces, a special case of what they do is to prove that Unitary Yang-Mills connections over a R.S $M$ are in bijective correspondence with ...

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702 views

### Is complex analytic extension of real-analytic diffeomorphism a diffeomorphism ?

Hi, my question is :
Let $D$ be the open unit disk in $\mathbb{C}=R^2$ and $f:D\to D$ be a real-analytic diffeomorphism. Let us think of the canonical embedding : $\mathbb{C}=R^2\subset \mathbb{C^2}. ...

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605 views

### Is there an algebraic description of Yang-Mills measure?

Consider $X=\operatorname{Hom}(\pi,SL(2,\mathbb C))/\\!/SL(2,\mathbb C)$ and $Y=\operatorname{Hom}(\pi,SU(2))/\\!/SU(2)$, where $\pi$ is a surface group. Note that if we use the right coordinates, ...

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264 views

### Reference for openness of stable locus of holomorphic family of vector bundles on a compact riemann surface.

I am looking for a reference (or an easy explanation) for the openness of the stable locus of a holomorphic family of (holomorphic) vector bundles on a compact Riemann surface parametrized by a ...

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**1**answer

310 views

### Convergence radius of the q-expansion of the modular lambda function

Let $X(2)$ denote the compact Riemann surface obtained by compactifying $Y(2) = \Gamma(2)\mathfrak{h}$ by adding cusps.
The modular $\lambda$-function on the complex upper half plane $\mathfrak{h}$ ...

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### Laplace-Beltrami Operator on Surfaces

I would like to know what is known about the spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on 2-dimensional negatively curved surfaces of constant curvature.
For instance,
What is the spectrum of the ...

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**1**answer

359 views

### Can we construct rational functions with prescribed ramification on an algebraic curve over \Qbar

Let $C$ be a smooth projective connected curve of genus $g$ over $\bar{\mathbf{Q}}$. Fix a finite non-empty (Edit) set of closed points $S$ in $C$ and let $U$ be the complement of $S$ in $C$.
Q1. ...

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### Is there an algebraic construction of the Quillen (determinant) Line Bundle?

Let's consider the moduli space of representations of $\pi=\pi_1(\Sigma)$ (a surface group) into $G$ (a lie group). Call this $X=\operatorname{Hom}(\pi,G)$, and let ...

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261 views

### Conformally immersed Riemann surfaces and foliations

I want to show that conformally immersed Riemann surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^4$ are leaves of a 2-foliation $\mathcal{F}$. I start with the generalized Weierstrass representation of the surfaces: take 4 ...

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382 views

### Two questions from Hubbard's Teichmuller theory book Vol I, P. 130 , Thm 4.4.1, ( QC maps )

I was studying Theorem 4.4.1 from John H. Hubbard's Teichmuller Theory, vol I, Theorem 4.4.1 ( P. 129 ) which states :
Let $X,Y$ be two hyperbolic Riemann surfaces with hyperbolic metrics $d_X,d_Y$ ...

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### immersion: submanifold of complex manifold

Let $\alpha : \mathbb{C} \rightarrow M$ be an immersion and $M$ a $n$ dimensional complex manifold with complex structure $I$. Does then follow that $\alpha (\mathbb{C})$ is a one dimensional ...

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316 views

### Residual finiteness of fundamental groups of surfaces.

What is a simple way to prove that for any compact two-dimensional surface $S$ and an element $g$ in $\mathbb \pi_1(S)$ there exists a finite index normal subgroup $\Gamma\subset \pi_1(S)$ such that ...

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218 views

### Are transversely immersed PL surfaces Riemann surfaces?

I have a piecewise linear (PL) surface transversely immersed in $\mathbb{R}^3$; is this a Riemann surface in the sense that I can describe it with a local coordinate $z\in \mathbb{C}$? My basic ...

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### “Famous” 2d Riemannian manifolds with non-constant curvature

I'm looking for "famous" or otherwise well-known 2d Riemannian manifolds which have non-constant curvatures but have a non-trivial Killing vector field. Of course there are tons of spaces like these, ...

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485 views

### nth symmetric power of a Riemann surface and its Jacobian

Let $C$ be a Riemann surface of genus $g$, $Sym^{n}C$ be the nth symmetric power of $C$ with $n\geq 2g$, and $JC$ denote the Jacobian of $C$.
Question: Is it generally true that $Sym^{n}C\cong ...

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705 views

### Quasiconformal harmonic extension of a quasi-symmetric map on $S^1$

Hello ,we know that for given $h:S^1\to S^1$, we can solve the Dirichlet problem on $\bar{D} $ with the boundary value $h$ and in fact this extension, which is the complex harmonic extension $H=E(h) $ ...

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### Explicit construction of irreducible unitary connections

On a Riemann surface irreducible unitary connections on complex vector bundles of rank $n\geq 2$ are uniquley determined by their underlying holomorphic structure $\frac{1}{2}(\nabla+i*\nabla)$, where ...

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### number of ribbon structures (or punctured surfaces) on a graph

Suppose $G$ is connected undirected graph.
Does the calculation of the number of topologically distinct punctured surfaces that can arise from putting a ribbon structure on $G$ exist in the ...

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### Universal covers of punctured hyperbolic surfaces

Suppose S is a genus g surface with n punctures satisfying the hyperbolicity condition 2g + n - 2 > 0. If n > 0 the fundamental group of the surface is a free group on 2g + n - 1 := m generators.
If ...

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### Definition of k -quasisymmetric maps on S^1

I know the definition of k -quasi-symmetric maps $f$ on $R$,it is
there exists $k>0$ such that $\frac{1}{k}\leq\frac{f(x+t)-f(x)}{f(x)-f(x-t)} \leq k \forall x,t\in R.$
So I just want to ...

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### Basic question about branch points on Riemann surfaces

If $X$ and $Y$ are Riemann surfaces (not necessarily compact), and $f:X\to Y$ is a holomorphic function, then it is obvious that the ramification points of $f$ in $X$ form a discrete subset of $X$. Is ...

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571 views

### Non-algebraic curve visualisation

Is there any software which can automatically visualise a non-algebraic
complex curve, I mean the structure of it's ramification points and sheet?
I think a good test example would be the Lambert ...

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**1**answer

390 views

### Is there a concept of Combined Teichmuller space for surfaces with both geodesic boundary and punctures/cusps

If we take a sequence of compact hyperbolic Riemann surface with k geodesic boundary components such that the lengths of the geodesic boundary components go to zero, then in the "limit", we should get ...

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836 views

### Quotient Surface of A Hyperelliptic Involution

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic Riemann surface, and let $J$ be the hyperelliptic involution. Then consider the quotient surface $X/ < J > ,$ my question is whether $X/ < J > $ is a Riemann ...

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311 views

### Necessary condition for a branch point

If I have a function $f(z,\alpha)$ (let's keep it a polynomial of order $\geq 2$ in $z$, for simplicity), what would be a necessary condition for there to be branch points for this function? A friend ...

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335 views

### Automorphisms of Riemann surfaces

It is well known that, the Hurwitz groups are quotients of the $(2,3,7)$ triangle group $\Gamma=\langle a,b\colon a^2=b^3=(ab)^7=1\rangle $ in $PSL(2,\mathbb{R})$. If $G$ is a Hurwitz group, then ...

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### Is a non-compact Riemann surface an open subset of a compact one ?

Let $X$ be a non-compact holomorphic manifold of dimension $1$. Is there a compact Riemann surface $\bar{X}$ suc that $X$ is biholomorphic to an open subset of $\bar{X}$ ?
Edit: To rule out the case ...

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### Lower bound on the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface with constant negative scalar curvature

A friend in physics asked this question, and I didn't know the answer.
Are there lower bounds on the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface equipped with a metric of constant negative ...

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**1**answer

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### Estimating laplace-beltrami spectra for a graph surface in $R^3$

Consider a surface $\Gamma$ in $R^3$. The surface $\Gamma$ is a graph, i.e. $\Gamma = (x,y, h(x,y))$, for $x \in R^2$ and some smooth function $h$, where $h$ and all its derivatives are periodic on ...

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### Automorphisms of Riemann Surfaces

Izumi Kuribayashi and Akikazu Kuribayashi have classified all groups of automorphisms of compact Riemann surfaces of genus 3,4,5. (J. Pure Applied Alg.65(3)-Sept.1990, and J. Alg.134(1) Oct.1990)
...

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### Equivalence of Branched Coverings

For equivalence of unbranched coverings of topological spaces, there is a criteria:
Two coverings (unbranched) $p_1\colon Y_1\rightarrow X$ and $p_2\colon Y_2\rightarrow X$ are equivalent iff for ...

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371 views

### Calculation of dimension of holomorphic quadratic differentials as in Gardiners book

In Frederick Gardiner's book Teichmuller Theory and Quadratic Differentials, P.27-28, Chapter 1 ) that dimension of $dim_RQD(X) = 6g-6+3m+2n $ ( by using Riemann-Roch theorem ). Now for open annulus ...

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### Groups acting on Riemann Surfaces

By Hurwitz theorem, order of a group $G$ of automorphisms (conformal homeomorphisms) of a compact Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$ is bounded above by $84(g-1)$.
1. Is there any example of a ...

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### Basic Questions about Teichmuller's theorem/quadratic differentials

I have some basic questions about Teichmuller's theorem, since I am a beginner, my questions might be very basic. If you can give some hints/answers or cite some references to study from, I will ...

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186 views

### The antipodal action on a connected one dimensional manifold

When I am reading one paper, I have met the following statement:
It is impossible to define a $Z_{2}\times Z_{2}$ action on a connected closed curve on a compact Riemann surface.
The claim is ...

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### Properly Discontinuous Action

When looking definition, and theorems related to Properly discontinuous action of a group $G$ on a topological space $X$, it is different in different books (Topology and Geometry-Bredon, Complex ...

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### Conformal Welding Reference

I'm looking for a reference for the following fact: given two Riemann surfaces and an identification of their boundaries, once I topologically glue the surfaces together there exists a unique ...

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421 views

### Action of a group on a Riemann surface

If $G$ is a finite group of order $n$, and acting on a compact Riemann surface $X_{g'}$ ($g'$ is genus), then $X_{g'}/G$ is another compact Riemann surface, $X_g$, of genus $g$.
Also then $X_{g'} ...