The riemann-surfaces tag has no usage guidance.

**0**

votes

**1**answer

497 views

### immersion: submanifold of complex manifold

Let $\alpha : \mathbb{C} \rightarrow M$ be an immersion and $M$ a $n$ dimensional complex manifold with complex structure $I$. Does then follow that $\alpha (\mathbb{C})$ is a one dimensional ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### Residual finiteness of fundamental groups of surfaces.

What is a simple way to prove that for any compact two-dimensional surface $S$ and an element $g$ in $\mathbb \pi_1(S)$ there exists a finite index normal subgroup $\Gamma\subset \pi_1(S)$ such that ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Are transversely immersed PL surfaces Riemann surfaces?

I have a piecewise linear (PL) surface transversely immersed in $\mathbb{R}^3$; is this a Riemann surface in the sense that I can describe it with a local coordinate $z\in \mathbb{C}$? My basic ...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### “Famous” 2d Riemannian manifolds with non-constant curvature

I'm looking for "famous" or otherwise well-known 2d Riemannian manifolds which have non-constant curvatures but have a non-trivial Killing vector field. Of course there are tons of spaces like these, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

466 views

### nth symmetric power of a Riemann surface and its Jacobian

Let $C$ be a Riemann surface of genus $g$, $Sym^{n}C$ be the nth symmetric power of $C$ with $n\geq 2g$, and $JC$ denote the Jacobian of $C$.
Question: Is it generally true that $Sym^{n}C\cong ...

**3**

votes

**6**answers

670 views

### Quasiconformal harmonic extension of a quasi-symmetric map on $S^1$

Hello ,we know that for given $h:S^1\to S^1$, we can solve the Dirichlet problem on $\bar{D} $ with the boundary value $h$ and in fact this extension, which is the complex harmonic extension $H=E(h) $ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### Explicit construction of irreducible unitary connections

On a Riemann surface irreducible unitary connections on complex vector bundles of rank $n\geq 2$ are uniquley determined by their underlying holomorphic structure $\frac{1}{2}(\nabla+i*\nabla)$, where ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### number of ribbon structures (or punctured surfaces) on a graph

Suppose $G$ is connected undirected graph.
Does the calculation of the number of topologically distinct punctured surfaces that can arise from putting a ribbon structure on $G$ exist in the ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Universal covers of punctured hyperbolic surfaces

Suppose S is a genus g surface with n punctures satisfying the hyperbolicity condition 2g + n - 2 > 0. If n > 0 the fundamental group of the surface is a free group on 2g + n - 1 := m generators.
If ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Definition of k -quasisymmetric maps on S^1

I know the definition of k -quasi-symmetric maps $f$ on $R$,it is
there exists $k>0$ such that $\frac{1}{k}\leq\frac{f(x+t)-f(x)}{f(x)-f(x-t)} \leq k \forall x,t\in R.$
So I just want to ...

**3**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Basic question about branch points on Riemann surfaces

If $X$ and $Y$ are Riemann surfaces (not necessarily compact), and $f:X\to Y$ is a holomorphic function, then it is obvious that the ramification points of $f$ in $X$ form a discrete subset of $X$. Is ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

553 views

### Non-algebraic curve visualisation

Is there any software which can automatically visualise a non-algebraic
complex curve, I mean the structure of it's ramification points and sheet?
I think a good test example would be the Lambert ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

367 views

### Is there a concept of Combined Teichmuller space for surfaces with both geodesic boundary and punctures/cusps

If we take a sequence of compact hyperbolic Riemann surface with k geodesic boundary components such that the lengths of the geodesic boundary components go to zero, then in the "limit", we should get ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

783 views

### Quotient Surface of A Hyperelliptic Involution

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic Riemann surface, and let $J$ be the hyperelliptic involution. Then consider the quotient surface $X/ < J > ,$ my question is whether $X/ < J > $ is a Riemann ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

296 views

### Necessary condition for a branch point

If I have a function $f(z,\alpha)$ (let's keep it a polynomial of order $\geq 2$ in $z$, for simplicity), what would be a necessary condition for there to be branch points for this function? A friend ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

321 views

### Automorphisms of Riemann surfaces

It is well known that, the Hurwitz groups are quotients of the $(2,3,7)$ triangle group $\Gamma=\langle a,b\colon a^2=b^3=(ab)^7=1\rangle $ in $PSL(2,\mathbb{R})$. If $G$ is a Hurwitz group, then ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is a non-compact Riemann surface an open subset of a compact one ?

Let $X$ be a non-compact holomorphic manifold of dimension $1$. Is there a compact Riemann surface $\bar{X}$ suc that $X$ is biholomorphic to an open subset of $\bar{X}$ ?
Edit: To rule out the case ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

692 views

### Lower bound on the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface with constant negative scalar curvature

A friend in physics asked this question, and I didn't know the answer.
Are there lower bounds on the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface equipped with a metric of constant negative ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

382 views

### Estimating laplace-beltrami spectra for a graph surface in $R^3$

Consider a surface $\Gamma$ in $R^3$. The surface $\Gamma$ is a graph, i.e. $\Gamma = (x,y, h(x,y))$, for $x \in R^2$ and some smooth function $h$, where $h$ and all its derivatives are periodic on ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Automorphisms of Riemann Surfaces

Izumi Kuribayashi and Akikazu Kuribayashi have classified all groups of automorphisms of compact Riemann surfaces of genus 3,4,5. (J. Pure Applied Alg.65(3)-Sept.1990, and J. Alg.134(1) Oct.1990)
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Equivalence of Branched Coverings

For equivalence of unbranched coverings of topological spaces, there is a criteria:
Two coverings (unbranched) $p_1\colon Y_1\rightarrow X$ and $p_2\colon Y_2\rightarrow X$ are equivalent iff for ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

344 views

### Calculation of dimension of holomorphic quadratic differentials as in Gardiners book

In Frederick Gardiner's book Teichmuller Theory and Quadratic Differentials, P.27-28, Chapter 1 ) that dimension of $dim_RQD(X) = 6g-6+3m+2n $ ( by using Riemann-Roch theorem ). Now for open annulus ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

766 views

### Groups acting on Riemann Surfaces

By Hurwitz theorem, order of a group $G$ of automorphisms (conformal homeomorphisms) of a compact Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$ is bounded above by $84(g-1)$.
1. Is there any example of a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

696 views

### Basic Questions about Teichmuller's theorem/quadratic differentials

I have some basic questions about Teichmuller's theorem, since I am a beginner, my questions might be very basic. If you can give some hints/answers or cite some references to study from, I will ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

185 views

### The antipodal action on a connected one dimensional manifold

When I am reading one paper, I have met the following statement:
It is impossible to define a $Z_{2}\times Z_{2}$ action on a connected closed curve on a compact Riemann surface.
The claim is ...

**33**

votes

**3**answers

8k views

### Properly Discontinuous Action

When looking definition, and theorems related to Properly discontinuous action of a group $G$ on a topological space $X$, it is different in different books (Topology and Geometry-Bredon, Complex ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

628 views

### Conformal Welding Reference

I'm looking for a reference for the following fact: given two Riemann surfaces and an identification of their boundaries, once I topologically glue the surfaces together there exists a unique ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

410 views

### Action of a group on a Riemann surface

If $G$ is a finite group of order $n$, and acting on a compact Riemann surface $X_{g'}$ ($g'$ is genus), then $X_{g'}/G$ is another compact Riemann surface, $X_g$, of genus $g$.
Also then $X_{g'} ...

**19**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Problem in Rick Miranda: finding genus of a Projective curve

I asked the following question in stack exchange (http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/21164/problem-in-rick-miranda-finding-genus-of-a-projective-curve) a few days ago, but didnt get any solution. ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

695 views

### A quick question about Farb-Margalit's book on MCG's proof on Teichmuller's existence theorem

Hello,
I was studying Farb-Margalit's " A Primer on MCG " for Teichmuller's existence theorem. On P. 347, proposition 11.14, they proved $ \omega : QD_1(X) -> Teich ( S_g) $ is proper, which, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

928 views

### some questions on Riemann surface

There are several puzzling questions on Riemann surface for me: Q.1 Definition of Riemann surface can be given in at least two ways: Def.1) it is a complex one dimensional manifold; Def.2) for each ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### Can we prove $ Aut(S_g) , g \geq 2 $ is finite in the following way ?

I was trying to prove that $ Aut( S_g $), g$ \geq 2 $ [ orientation preserving isometries ] is finite in the following way :
For fixed $M $ ( positive ) there are finitely many , say $ k $ number of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

158 views

### What is the parametrix for the d-bar operator on Sobolev spaces?

I am attempting to review a certain proof of the Riemann-Roch theorem, a key step of which is "elliptic bootstrapping." In particular, let $X$ be a compact Riemann surface, and $E$ be a holomorphic ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Is there a manifold structure on a space of conformal maps?

I would be very grateful for any information or pointers for the following:
1) Fix an open subset $U$ of $\mathbb{CP}^1$. a) Does the set of all holomorphic maps from $U$ to $\mathbb{C}$ (with the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Which Riemann surfaces arise from the Riemann existence theorem?

The following was already known to Riemann. Suppose that one is given a connected Riemann surface $X$, a finite set $\Delta \subset X$ and a homomorphism $\phi: \pi_1(X \backslash \Delta) \to S_d$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

461 views

### Some basic questions about the proof of Teichmuller's uniqueness theorem

Hello ,
I was studying the proof of Teichmuller's uniqueness theorem from the note/book " A Primer on Mapping Class Groups " by Farb-Margalit and I got struck at a couple of points, mainly because I ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

613 views

### Riemann's theorem on theta

Is there a low-tech way to compute the chern class of the theta bundle, i.e. the bundle associated to theta divisor? Here, the theta divisor is the analytic set of holomorphic line-bundles in ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

293 views

### Why a non-simple geodesic in a Y-piece is NOT homotopic to a common perpendicular to the geodesic boundaries ?

This is a basic question, still I dare to ask :
Let Y be the Y-piece with geodesic boundaries A,B, C and ( if possible ) c the non simple geodesic from A to B intersecting itself at a point p. I want ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

330 views

### Nielsen extension of Riemann surface

Let $S$ be a riemann surface.
If S has idea boundary curves,then the intrinsic metric on $S$ can be defined by the restriction to $S$ of poincare metric of the double of $S$.
Also this metric can be ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### Figure eight geodesic on a pair of pants/Y-piece

Consider a figure-eight geodesic $\delta $( geodesic with exactly one self-intersection point at p ) on a pair of pants Y with three geodesic boundaries $ \gamma_i$ and three perpendiculars between ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

1k views

### Normalisations of singular plane algebraic curves

In what follows assume that the base field is $\mathbb{C}$
Background: Let $C$ be an irreducible plane algebraic curve, $S$ the set of singular points. There exists a Riemann surface $\tilde{C}$ and ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Teichmuller modular forms and number theory

Do higher genus Teichmuller modular forms have, or are they expected to have, implications for number theory that generalize the sorts of results that flow from the study of classical modular forms?

**6**

votes

**2**answers

766 views

### Bounding the modular discriminant of an elliptic curve in the j-invariant

Consider an elliptic curve $X=\mathbf{C}/ (\mathbf{Z}+\tau \mathbf{Z})$, where $\tau$ is an element in the complex upper half plane. We define $$\Vert \Delta\Vert(X) = (\Im \tau)^6 \vert ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

526 views

### finite-dimensionality of cohomology groups on compact riemann surfaces

does the finite dimensionlity of the first cohomology group ($ H^1 $) of the sheaf of meromorphic sections of a holomorphic line bundle on a compact riemann surface follow easily from the finite ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Translation surfaces

I know that this definitely have some sort of reference out there, but I did not find any wikipidea page for it or any introductory Mathematical article about it . I just want definition and concrete ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

643 views

### An analytic proof of the De Franchis theorem

The De Franchis theorem in its simplest form states that given two compact Riemann surfaces $\Sigma_{g_1},\Sigma_{g_2}$ where $g_1,g_2 > 1$, there are only finitely many non-constant holomorphic ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

517 views

### Poles of Kloosterman Zeta Function

I am a string theorist who has encountered the following number theory problem in my
research.
Consider the sums
$$Z_+(s) = \sum_{p=1}^\infty p^{-s} S(1,1; p)$$
and
$$Z_-(s) = \sum_{p=1}^\infty ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

693 views

### A question in R.C.Penner's paper about Teichmuller space

In R.C.Penner "Decorated Teichmuller theory of boarded surface", on Page 7 and 8, it says that (without proof) the Teichmuller space of surface with $s$ labelled punctures and $r$ labelled boundary ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

331 views

### Books about the spectra of non-compact Riemann surfaces

Hello,
Thanks for reading my question ! Could anybody give me some references ( books, papers containing elementary results etc ) on the eigen values and eigenspectra of NON-compact Riemann surfaces. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

810 views

### Question related to the moduli space of Riemann surfaces and a fibration

If $M_{g}$ is the moduli space of Riemann surface of genus $g$, $M^1_{g}$ is the moduli space of Riemann surface of genus $g$ with one boundary, how can we show that the natural map:
$M^1_{g} ...