The riemann-surfaces tag has no usage guidance.

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### Regular (or complex analytic) functions on M_3

Let $M_3$ be the moduli space of genus three curves over $\mathbb C$.
Are there non-constant regular functions of this space? What about complex analytic functions?
This question is prompted by the ...

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498 views

### How do you find the genus of a Fuchsian group derived from a quaternion algebra?

Let $G$ be a Fuchsian group with normalizer $N(G)$ inside $PSL(2,13)$
Due to the Hurwitz formula, it suffices to find a presentation of $G$ of the form:
$$\langle ...

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### Does every smoothly embedded surface $\mathbb{R}^3$ inherit a natural complex structure, and if so, which one?

Smoothly embed a genus g surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$, and pick a normal vector pointing "out" of the surface at each point. Then on each tangent plane, I have a map which rotates the tangent plane 90 ...

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421 views

### Complete metric on a Riemann surface with punctures

If we have a Riemann surface with punctures of negative Euler characterstisc, how can one define a complete hyperbolic metric?
I know that in this case the universal cover is the hyperbolic plane ...

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192 views

### Limit sets of Fuchsian groups and relation between lifts to $H$ of homotopic maps between hyperbolic Riemann surfaces

Let $f,g : X \to Y$ be homotopic (quasiconformal) maps between hyperbolic Riemann surfaces $X,Y$. Consider their (unique) lifts $\tilde{f},\tilde{g}: H\to H$ , that fix $0,1,\infty $. My question is : ...

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### How do you see that higher genus surfaces are not homogeneous?

I am trying to get some intuition about why the torus and the sphere are the only surfaces which can be realised as homogeneous spaces. On the one hand, I know this is true because there is the ...

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### Strata of quadratic differentials from rational billiards

Given a quadratic differential $q$ on a surface of genus $g$, we say that $q\in \mathcal Q(k_1,\ldots,k_n)$ if $q$ has $n$ distinct zeroes of order $k_1,\ldots,k_n$ respectively. The set $\mathcal ...

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### Quick references/sources for the hyperbolic Riemann Surfaces with boundary

Hello,
Here I am asking for a reference for the universal cover of hyperbolic Riemann surfaces with geodesic boundaries. For example, I want to know how the universal cover/fundamental domain of ...

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220 views

### Is the class of $k$-gonal curves dominant

Before I start, let me make a note on terminology. Curves are always smooth projective connected curves over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero.
Let $\mathcal C$ be a class of ...

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### What is the current state of the mathematics of Higgs fields?

Topical. I know there are good mathematical theories in which "Higgs" is used, in a geometrical sense. Would someone care to explain?
To clarify, I'd like to know about Higgs bundles on Riemann ...

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### Embedding a Riemann surface in the sphere

Assume we have a Riemann surface, the underlying topological surface of which is a sphere with (possibly uncountably many) points removed. Can we always conformally embed this Riemann surface in the ...

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### What is / are the softwares to use to draw surfaces of the form of a two or three-holed torus , or torus, or torus with cusps attached to it?

I am trying to draw surfaces with complete hyperbolic structures and surfaces which are topologically tori. The hyperbolic surfaces I need to draw are torus with one or two holes on it, or torus with ...

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637 views

### Softwares for drawing hyperbolic surfaces , closed, with boundaries or with punctures ?

In a paper I am in the process of writing in LaTeX, I need to draw and incorporate some diagrams of hyperbolic surfaces in my LaTeX document. Is there any software I can use to draw hyperbolic ...

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846 views

### A question on deformations of Theta divisor in the Jacobian of a complex curve

Suppose $C_g$ is a smooth compact complex curve (of genus $g$), and let $J$ be its Jacobian. Recall that the Jacobian $J$ of a curve $C_g$ is a complex torus that can by obtained by contractions of ...

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### Hurwitz Spaces and Rauch Variational Formulas

I have read in some papers about Rauch-type variational formulas on Hurwitz spaces, and I would like to know what exactly is the theory behind them.
A Hurwitz Space $H_g^d$ is the space of coverings ...

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### Constructing rational functions with ramification locus the divisor of some $n$-form

I'm still busy learning the theory of linear systems for compact Riemann surfaces. If the answer to the following question is negative, then there might not be any point in continuing.
Let $X$ be a ...

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### Characterization of the moduli space of the pair of pants in terms of the modules of the extremal ring domains

Hi, I was thinking about the following question ; I will appreciate it if somebody can give me a full or partial answer or can at least cite any reference(s)/ papers etc :
By $ \bar{P} $ , we ...

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### Is there anything special about the Riemann surface $y^2 = x(x^{10}+11x^5-1)$?

I stumbled upon the fact that the Bolza surface can be obtained as the locus of the equation,
$y^2 = x^5-x$
Its automorphism group has the highest order for genus $2$, namely $48$. I recognized ...

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### many-valued function with a given set of branch points in addition to simple poles

The question concerns what information is necessary and sufficient to
define uniquely a complex function f(z). To set the stage, there
is a theorem that a single-valued function with only a finite ...

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449 views

### $\partial \bar{\partial}$ on a riemann surface

hallo,
i have the following question. let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $R \subset M$ be a compact totally real manifold (1 dimensional real). Furthermore assume there is a holomorphic 2-form ...

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### Branched Covers of a Two-sphere with Infinite Degree

I would like to ask the following question:
Let us consider the following branched cover $X_n$ of $\mathbb{P}^1$ that can be thought as a hyper-surface of $\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^1$:
...

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542 views

### The version of Montel's theorem used in the proof of Jenkins-Strebel differential

Hello,
I am afraid that my main question might be a bit too elementary, but still I ask :
In short, my question is "what is the version of Montel's theorem for a family of holomorphic maps from an ...

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386 views

### Non congruence subgroups containing congruence subgroups.

Does there exist Fuchsian groups, which is not conjugated in $SL(2, \mathbb{R})$ to a subgroup of $SL(2, \mathbb{Z})$, but still contains a congruence subgroup?

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### Schottky locus in genus 2

Let $\phi_g : \mathcal{M}_g \rightarrow \mathcal{A}_g$ be the period mapping from the open moduli space of genus $g$ Riemann surfaces to the moduli space of $g$-dimensional principally polarized ...

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### Cutting and pasting in Galois theory

I want to ask who was the first to use cut-paste construction in Galois theory.
This question is motivated from the trend in contemporary Galois theory to use patching methods to construct Galois ...

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### Hopf Tori in $S^3$

By means of the Hopf fibration $\pi: S^3 \rightarrow S^2$, U. Pinkall showed that every compact Riemannian surface of genus one can be conformally embedded in $S^3$.
More precisely:
Let $p$ be a ...

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### Growth of smallest closed geodesic in congruence subgroups?

Let $\Gamma$ be one of the classical congruence subgroups $\Gamma_0(N)$, $\Gamma_1(N)$ and $\Gamma(N)$ of $SL(2, \mathbb{Z})$.
How does the lower bound for the length of primitive geodesics on ...

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### Is the cardinality of occuring torsion subgroups in cofinite lattices in SL(2,R) bounded?

Let $\Gamma$ be a cofinite lattice in $PSL(2,\mathbb{R})$ with torsion subgroup $H$.
Is the a uniform bound on the cardinality of $H$?

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### Questions on a Certain Branched Cover of the Two-sphere

I have the following questions:
Suppose the compact Riemann surface $C$ is an n-fold branched cover of $\mathbb{P}^1$ branched at exactly four points $x_1,x_2,x_3$ and $x_4$. I believe that $C$ is a ...

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545 views

### Questions on 3-manifolds with a given boundary

I have the following question:
For a given two-dimensional Riemann surface $C$,
Is there a way to classify all topologically distinct
three-dimensional compact manifolds $M$ whose boundary is $C$,
...

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291 views

### Do divisors of degree g with this property exist in general

I have the following question. It's a long shot, but worth the try.
Let X be a compact connected Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$. Does there exist an effective divisor $D$ on $X$ of degree $g$ ...

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### Hurwitz's automorphisms theorem for infinite genus Riemann surfaces

Hurwitz's automorphisms theorem states that for a compact Riemann surface $X$ the cardinality of $Aut(X)$, the group of holomorphic automorphisms, is bounded above by $84(g(X)-1)$ and is therefore ...

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### Riemann surfaces with bounded curvature

Say there are metrics $g_n$ on a compact Riemann surface $\Sigma$ with bounded curvature and bounded area, or even with the same area element . What can we say about the 'limit' of $(\Sigma, g_n)$? ...

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### Riemann surfaces that are not of finite type

I am interested in studying Riemann surfaces that are not of finite type. By a non-finite type Riemann surface, I mean a Riemann surface that is not conformally equivalent to any Riemann sub-surface ...

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### Automorphisms of Riemann surface and mapping class

For a higher genus Riemann surface $\Sigma$, is it true that every nontrivial (holomorphic) automorphism is of nontrivial mapping class, i.e., not isotopic to the identity?

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### Reducibility (or not) of algebraic curves [closed]

[ I am a bit clueless about why this question is getting downvotes!? I put it up with a genuine serious interest and I don't seem to be making any egregious error either - apart from those unsure ...

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### Is the absolute value of the j-invariant bounded from below on an annulus

Let $j:\mathbf{H}\to \mathbf{C}$ be the $j$-invariant. It's a modular function for $\Gamma(1) = \textrm{PSL}_2(\mathbf{Z})$.
For $\epsilon>0$ small, let $B(\epsilon)$ be the image of the strip ...

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### Are Weierstrass points algebraic

Let $X$ be a compact connected Riemann surface of genus $g>0$.
Suppose that $X$ can be defined over a number field (as an algebraic curve). Then, is it clear that each Weierstrass point of $X$ is ...

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### Motivation behind defining the Ramification Divisor

I would like to understand what exactly is the motivation for defining the notion of a ramification divisor of a function.
As I see the definition,
If $f$ is a meromrophic function between two ...

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### Classification compact Riemann Surfaces

I know that all compact Riemann surfaces with the same genus are topologically equivalent. Moreover they are diffeomorphic. But are they biholomorphic, too?
In other words, is the complex structure ...

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### Is there an algebraic analogue of the degeneration of riemann surfaces in M_g

Degeneration of certain functions such as theta functions or Green's functions in the moduli space $\overline{\mathcal{M}_g}$ of stable curves of genus $g$ has been studied quite alot. The idea is to ...

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### A theorem by Hopf on surfaces

I am reading a paper on Riemann surfaces and faced a problem about one of the refernces the author gave in the exlaination of one of the results.
Here is a summary of what I am reading:
Let $X_1$ ...

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### The smallest positive eigenvalue and the length of the shortest geodesic

I'm confused about some things concerning lengths of geodesics on Riemann surfaces and positive eigenvalues of the Laplacian. Moreover, I'm also interested in the relation between these two.
Let $X$ ...

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### Reference request: parametrizing covers of the projective line

Hurwitz spaces (or Hurwitz schemes) parametrize covers of the projective line. One can do this in many ways.
For example, one could fix the number $r$ of branch points, the degree $n$ of the cover ...

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### Historical basis and mathematical significance of Riemann surfaces [closed]

It is written in Riemann Surfaces (Oxford Graduate Texts in Mathematics) by Simon Donaldson, that:
"[t]he theory of Riemann surfaces occupies a very special place in mathematics. It is a culmination ...

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### $Aut(\mathbb{CP}^n)$ [..especially $n=1$ and $n=2$..]

I am confused and curious about the meaning of the $Aut(\mathbb{CP}^n)$.
Is what is called the "linear automorphism group" of $\mathbb{CP}^n$ the same as $Aut(\mathbb{CP}^n)$? It somehow seems to me ...

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### Complex structures on the upper half plane?

My question are related with this paragraph: (page 25 of A Fibre Bundle Description of Teichüller Theory by Earle and Eells.)
Let $X$ a Riemann surface of genus g>1, if $J\in M(X)$ ($M(X)$ space of ...

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### Any introduction to Teichmuller Space of T^2?

Is there any well written introduction for the modular space of complex structures on T^2?
Thank you!

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### Given a curve, under which condition is the set of gonal morphisms finite

Recently, in my research I bumped onto gonal morphisms. At the moment, my knowledge is based upon some things I read on the internet. Before stating my questions, I added some definitions/facts that ...

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### Hyperbolicity on Riemann Surfaces

For Riemann surfaces there are at least to possible notions of hyperbolicity. The classical one given by the Uniformization Theorem, or equivalently the type problem, which essentially says that a ...