The riemann-surfaces tag has no wiki summary.

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### Branched Covers of a Two-sphere with Infinite Degree

I would like to ask the following question:
Let us consider the following branched cover $X_n$ of $\mathbb{P}^1$ that can be thought as a hyper-surface of $\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^1$:
...

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**1**answer

501 views

### The version of Montel's theorem used in the proof of Jenkins-Strebel differential

Hello,
I am afraid that my main question might be a bit too elementary, but still I ask :
In short, my question is "what is the version of Montel's theorem for a family of holomorphic maps from an ...

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**1**answer

373 views

### Non congruence subgroups containing congruence subgroups.

Does there exist Fuchsian groups, which is not conjugated in $SL(2, \mathbb{R})$ to a subgroup of $SL(2, \mathbb{Z})$, but still contains a congruence subgroup?

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**5**answers

721 views

### Schottky locus in genus 2

Let $\phi_g : \mathcal{M}_g \rightarrow \mathcal{A}_g$ be the period mapping from the open moduli space of genus $g$ Riemann surfaces to the moduli space of $g$-dimensional principally polarized ...

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**0**answers

288 views

### Cutting and pasting in Galois theory

I want to ask who was the first to use cut-paste construction in Galois theory.
This question is motivated from the trend in contemporary Galois theory to use patching methods to construct Galois ...

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**2**answers

372 views

### Hopf Tori in $S^3$

By means of the Hopf fibration $\pi: S^3 \rightarrow S^2$, U. Pinkall showed that every compact Riemannian surface of genus one can be conformally embedded in $S^3$.
More precisely:
Let $p$ be a ...

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**4**answers

412 views

### Growth of smallest closed geodesic in congruence subgroups?

Let $\Gamma$ be one of the classical congruence subgroups $\Gamma_0(N)$, $\Gamma_1(N)$ and $\Gamma(N)$ of $SL(2, \mathbb{Z})$.
How does the lower bound for the length of primitive geodesics on ...

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**1**answer

125 views

### Is the cardinality of occuring torsion subgroups in cofinite lattices in SL(2,R) bounded?

Let $\Gamma$ be a cofinite lattice in $PSL(2,\mathbb{R})$ with torsion subgroup $H$.
Is the a uniform bound on the cardinality of $H$?

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**2**answers

553 views

### Questions on a Certain Branched Cover of the Two-sphere

I have the following questions:
Suppose the compact Riemann surface $C$ is an n-fold branched cover of $\mathbb{P}^1$ branched at exactly four points $x_1,x_2,x_3$ and $x_4$. I believe that $C$ is a ...

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**3**answers

519 views

### Questions on 3-manifolds with a given boundary

I have the following question:
For a given two-dimensional Riemann surface $C$,
Is there a way to classify all topologically distinct
three-dimensional compact manifolds $M$ whose boundary is $C$,
...

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**1**answer

289 views

### Do divisors of degree g with this property exist in general

I have the following question. It's a long shot, but worth the try.
Let X be a compact connected Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$. Does there exist an effective divisor $D$ on $X$ of degree $g$ ...

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**2**answers

316 views

### Hurwitz's automorphisms theorem for infinite genus Riemann surfaces

Hurwitz's automorphisms theorem states that for a compact Riemann surface $X$ the cardinality of $Aut(X)$, the group of holomorphic automorphisms, is bounded above by $84(g(X)-1)$ and is therefore ...

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**2**answers

491 views

### Riemann surfaces with bounded curvature

Say there are metrics $g_n$ on a compact Riemann surface $\Sigma$ with bounded curvature and bounded area, or even with the same area element . What can we say about the 'limit' of $(\Sigma, g_n)$? ...

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**2**answers

576 views

### Riemann surfaces that are not of finite type

I am interested in studying Riemann surfaces that are not of finite type. By a non-finite type Riemann surface, I mean a Riemann surface that is not conformally equivalent to any Riemann sub-surface ...

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**3**answers

613 views

### Automorphisms of Riemann surface and mapping class

For a higher genus Riemann surface $\Sigma$, is it true that every nontrivial (holomorphic) automorphism is of nontrivial mapping class, i.e., not isotopic to the identity?

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**1**answer

1k views

### Reducibility (or not) of algebraic curves [closed]

[ I am a bit clueless about why this question is getting downvotes!? I put it up with a genuine serious interest and I don't seem to be making any egregious error either - apart from those unsure ...

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**0**answers

215 views

### Is the absolute value of the j-invariant bounded from below on an annulus

Let $j:\mathbf{H}\to \mathbf{C}$ be the $j$-invariant. It's a modular function for $\Gamma(1) = \textrm{PSL}_2(\mathbf{Z})$.
For $\epsilon>0$ small, let $B(\epsilon)$ be the image of the strip ...

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**1**answer

370 views

### Are Weierstrass points algebraic

Let $X$ be a compact connected Riemann surface of genus $g>0$.
Suppose that $X$ can be defined over a number field (as an algebraic curve). Then, is it clear that each Weierstrass point of $X$ is ...

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**2**answers

937 views

### Motivation behind defining the Ramification Divisor

I would like to understand what exactly is the motivation for defining the notion of a ramification divisor of a function.
As I see the definition,
If $f$ is a meromrophic function between two ...

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**3**answers

964 views

### Classification compact Riemann Surfaces

I know that all compact Riemann surfaces with the same genus are topologically equivalent. Moreover they are diffeomorphic. But are they biholomorphic, too?
In other words, is the complex structure ...

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### Is there an algebraic analogue of the degeneration of riemann surfaces in M_g

Degeneration of certain functions such as theta functions or Green's functions in the moduli space $\overline{\mathcal{M}_g}$ of stable curves of genus $g$ has been studied quite alot. The idea is to ...

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**1**answer

337 views

### A theorem by Hopf on surfaces

I am reading a paper on Riemann surfaces and faced a problem about one of the refernces the author gave in the exlaination of one of the results.
Here is a summary of what I am reading:
Let $X_1$ ...

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**1**answer

444 views

### The smallest positive eigenvalue and the length of the shortest geodesic

I'm confused about some things concerning lengths of geodesics on Riemann surfaces and positive eigenvalues of the Laplacian. Moreover, I'm also interested in the relation between these two.
Let $X$ ...

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**2**answers

263 views

### Reference request: parametrizing covers of the projective line

Hurwitz spaces (or Hurwitz schemes) parametrize covers of the projective line. One can do this in many ways.
For example, one could fix the number $r$ of branch points, the degree $n$ of the cover ...

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**2**answers

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### Historical basis and mathematical significance of Riemann surfaces [closed]

It is written in Riemann Surfaces (Oxford Graduate Texts in Mathematics) by Simon Donaldson, that:
"[t]he theory of Riemann surfaces occupies a very special place in mathematics. It is a culmination ...

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**4**answers

587 views

### $Aut(\mathbb{CP}^n)$ [..especially $n=1$ and $n=2$..]

I am confused and curious about the meaning of the $Aut(\mathbb{CP}^n)$.
Is what is called the "linear automorphism group" of $\mathbb{CP}^n$ the same as $Aut(\mathbb{CP}^n)$? It somehow seems to me ...

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**0**answers

259 views

### Complex structures on the upper half plane?

My question are related with this paragraph: (page 25 of A Fibre Bundle Description of Teichüller Theory by Earle and Eells.)
Let $X$ a Riemann surface of genus g>1, if $J\in M(X)$ ($M(X)$ space of ...

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**2**answers

245 views

### Any introduction to Teichmuller Space of T^2?

Is there any well written introduction for the modular space of complex structures on T^2?
Thank you!

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**1**answer

348 views

### Given a curve, under which condition is the set of gonal morphisms finite

Recently, in my research I bumped onto gonal morphisms. At the moment, my knowledge is based upon some things I read on the internet. Before stating my questions, I added some definitions/facts that ...

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988 views

### Hyperbolicity on Riemann Surfaces

For Riemann surfaces there are at least to possible notions of hyperbolicity. The classical one given by the Uniformization Theorem, or equivalently the type problem, which essentially says that a ...

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**1**answer

452 views

### Branch points of a non-constant holomorphic map between compact riemann surfaces

While working on a project for mathematics I came across the following lemma: [Kock]
If $X$ is a curve defined over an algebraically closed subfield $N$ of $\mathbb{C}$ and let $t:X\rightarrow ...

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**1**answer

642 views

### A question on part of “An introduction to teichmuller spaces” by Imayoshi-Taniguchi

I was reading the part on Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates, the proof on page 64, I don't understand when they say:
Since
$\theta_j(t_1)=\theta_j(t_2)$, $j=1,\ldots,3g-3$, all $g_k$ can be glued ...

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### Atiyah-Bott Yang-Mills connections

In Atiyah-Bott's paper on Yang-Mills equations on Riemann surfaces, a special case of what they do is to prove that Unitary Yang-Mills connections over a R.S $M$ are in bijective correspondence with ...

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**2**answers

658 views

### Is complex analytic extension of real-analytic diffeomorphism a diffeomorphism ?

Hi, my question is :
Let $D$ be the open unit disk in $\mathbb{C}=R^2$ and $f:D\to D$ be a real-analytic diffeomorphism. Let us think of the canonical embedding : $\mathbb{C}=R^2\subset \mathbb{C^2}. ...

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**1**answer

589 views

### Is there an algebraic description of Yang-Mills measure?

Consider $X=\operatorname{Hom}(\pi,SL(2,\mathbb C))/\\!/SL(2,\mathbb C)$ and $Y=\operatorname{Hom}(\pi,SU(2))/\\!/SU(2)$, where $\pi$ is a surface group. Note that if we use the right coordinates, ...

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258 views

### Reference for openness of stable locus of holomorphic family of vector bundles on a compact riemann surface.

I am looking for a reference (or an easy explanation) for the openness of the stable locus of a holomorphic family of (holomorphic) vector bundles on a compact Riemann surface parametrized by a ...

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**1**answer

305 views

### Convergence radius of the q-expansion of the modular lambda function

Let $X(2)$ denote the compact Riemann surface obtained by compactifying $Y(2) = \Gamma(2)\mathfrak{h}$ by adding cusps.
The modular $\lambda$-function on the complex upper half plane $\mathfrak{h}$ ...

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1k views

### Laplace-Beltrami Operator on Surfaces

I would like to know what is known about the spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on 2-dimensional negatively curved surfaces of constant curvature.
For instance,
What is the spectrum of the ...

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**1**answer

338 views

### Can we construct rational functions with prescribed ramification on an algebraic curve over \Qbar

Let $C$ be a smooth projective connected curve of genus $g$ over $\bar{\mathbf{Q}}$. Fix a finite non-empty (Edit) set of closed points $S$ in $C$ and let $U$ be the complement of $S$ in $C$.
Q1. ...

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2k views

### Is there an algebraic construction of the Quillen (determinant) Line Bundle?

Let's consider the moduli space of representations of $\pi=\pi_1(\Sigma)$ (a surface group) into $G$ (a lie group). Call this $X=\operatorname{Hom}(\pi,G)$, and let ...

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**1**answer

252 views

### Conformally immersed Riemann surfaces and foliations

I want to show that conformally immersed Riemann surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^4$ are leaves of a 2-foliation $\mathcal{F}$. I start with the generalized Weierstrass representation of the surfaces: take 4 ...

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**1**answer

365 views

### Two questions from Hubbard's Teichmuller theory book Vol I, P. 130 , Thm 4.4.1, ( QC maps )

I was studying Theorem 4.4.1 from John H. Hubbard's Teichmuller Theory, vol I, Theorem 4.4.1 ( P. 129 ) which states :
Let $X,Y$ be two hyperbolic Riemann surfaces with hyperbolic metrics $d_X,d_Y$ ...

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**1**answer

484 views

### immersion: submanifold of complex manifold

Let $\alpha : \mathbb{C} \rightarrow M$ be an immersion and $M$ a $n$ dimensional complex manifold with complex structure $I$. Does then follow that $\alpha (\mathbb{C})$ is a one dimensional ...

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**1**answer

313 views

### Residual finiteness of fundamental groups of surfaces.

What is a simple way to prove that for any compact two-dimensional surface $S$ and an element $g$ in $\mathbb \pi_1(S)$ there exists a finite index normal subgroup $\Gamma\subset \pi_1(S)$ such that ...

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**1**answer

195 views

### Are transversely immersed PL surfaces Riemann surfaces?

I have a piecewise linear (PL) surface transversely immersed in $\mathbb{R}^3$; is this a Riemann surface in the sense that I can describe it with a local coordinate $z\in \mathbb{C}$? My basic ...

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2k views

### “Famous” 2d Riemannian manifolds with non-constant curvature

I'm looking for "famous" or otherwise well-known 2d Riemannian manifolds which have non-constant curvatures but have a non-trivial Killing vector field. Of course there are tons of spaces like these, ...

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464 views

### nth symmetric power of a Riemann surface and its Jacobian

Let $C$ be a Riemann surface of genus $g$, $Sym^{n}C$ be the nth symmetric power of $C$ with $n\geq 2g$, and $JC$ denote the Jacobian of $C$.
Question: Is it generally true that $Sym^{n}C\cong ...

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657 views

### Quasiconformal harmonic extension of a quasi-symmetric map on $S^1$

Hello ,we know that for given $h:S^1\to S^1$, we can solve the Dirichlet problem on $\bar{D} $ with the boundary value $h$ and in fact this extension, which is the complex harmonic extension $H=E(h) $ ...

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**0**answers

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### Explicit construction of irreducible unitary connections

On a Riemann surface irreducible unitary connections on complex vector bundles of rank $n\geq 2$ are uniquley determined by their underlying holomorphic structure $\frac{1}{2}(\nabla+i*\nabla)$, where ...

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**1**answer

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### number of ribbon structures (or punctured surfaces) on a graph

Suppose $G$ is connected undirected graph.
Does the calculation of the number of topologically distinct punctured surfaces that can arise from putting a ribbon structure on $G$ exist in the ...