The riemann-surfaces tag has no usage guidance.

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### Spicing up Riemann surfaces course (revised)

I am a master's student planning to write a master's thesis on Riemann surfaces. I plan to study Forster's Lectures on Riemann surfaces. What side topics could one study to spice up the thesis? I am ...

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### Generators for the affine automorphism group of the octagon

Consider an octagon $O$ with opposite edges identified. Lemma 3.2.4 of (1) (subscription link) claims that the affine automorphism group of $O$ is generated by $D_8$ and the shear $\sigma$ such that, ...

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### A question for hyperbolic metric in the proof for Bohr's lemma

Recently I was reading an interesting proof for Bohr's lemma by the tool of hyperbolic metric, however I have a following question:
Given a holomorphic map $f$ on $D$, $f(0)=0$, and $|f|<1$ on $D_{...

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### Etale covers of a hyperelliptic curve

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus at least two.
Let $Y\to X$ be a finite etale morphism with $Y$ connected.Then $Y$ is a smooth projective connected curve.
Is $Y$ hyperelliptic?
More ...

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### Uniform estimate for the Cauchy-Riemann equations on a hyperbolic Riemann surface

I have been trying to find the answer to this question in the literature, but have not succeeded. The question is as follows.
Suppose $X$ is a Riemann surface that admits a green's function (i.e. ...

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127 views

### Criterion for a subgroup of $PSL_2(\mathbb R)$ to be Fuchsian

Let $\Gamma$ be a finitely generated subgroup of $PSL_2(\mathbb R)$.
I'm looking for effective criteria (idealy necessary and sufficient but just necessary would be a good start) ensuring that $\...

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362 views

### The Schottky group and the fundamental group of a compact Riemann surface

I am quoting the following description from a paper,
"...every compact Riemann surface can be obtained as the quotient $\mathbb{C}/\Gamma$ where $\Gamma$ is a Schottky group. The Schottky group of a ...

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101 views

### Uniformization of n-Sheeted surfaces

Consider a 3-sheeted Riemann surface without a Z_3 symmetry. The first and second sheets are sewn together at an interval (u1,v1), and the second and third are sewn at (u2,v2). This is a Riemann ...

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### tangent developable surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $C$ be a regular curve embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$ (i.e. a real 1-dimensional manifold embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$). Let $S$ be the union of its affine tangent lines:
$$S=\bigcup\limits_{p\in C}(p+...

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### Analogy between the nodal cubic curve $y^2=x^3+x^2$ and the ring $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-3}]$?

I'm trying to motivate a bit of algebraic geometry in an abstract algebra course (while simultaneously trying to learn a bit of algebraic geometry), and I thought that it might be nice to present an ...

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### Reference for homeomorphism between “analytic” compactification of $M_{g,n}$ and Deligne-Mumford compactification

There are several natural ways to endow the compactification of the space of
marked Riemann surfaces $M_{g,n}$ ($2g+n\geq 3$), with a topology, which is
defined using "differential geometric or ...

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### Riemann surfaces of $w^3 = (z-a)(z-b)(z-c)$

I've been playing around with Riemann surfaces of cubics, and it seems to me that all coverings of the Riemann sphere from equations of the form
$w^3 = q(z)$, where $q(z)$ is a cubic with three ...

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204 views

### Image of the map induced on homology by a covering

I asked this question on math.se (http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/647930/image-of-the-map-on-homology-induced-by-a-covering), but it have not attracted much of attention.
Let $X$ and $Y$ are ...

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152 views

### Use of Jensen's inequality on a Riemann surface

Let $f:\mathbb{C}\to \mathbb{C}$ be entire and consider the composite function $g(z):=f(\sqrt{z^2 - 1})$ on $\mathbb{C}\setminus \big ((-\infty , -1]\cup [1,\infty )\big )$ on the branch of the square ...

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### lift of antiholomorphic involution of Riemann surface to its Jacobian's cohomology

Start from a connected closed Riemann surface $\Sigma_g,$
obtained as the (symmetric) covering of an open and/or unoriented surface
$\Sigma,$ namely $\Sigma=\Sigma_g/\Omega,$ where $\Omega$ is an ...

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145 views

### Subharmonic function on a twice punctured complex plane

is the twice punctured complex plane parabolic or hyperbolic? In this sense: does $\mathbb{C}-\{0,1\}$ admit a nonconstant, negative, subharmonic function?
Thanks,

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### SU(2) Lefschetz decomposition for cohomology of Riemann surface Jacobian

Start with a closed Riemann surface with $g$ handles $\Sigma_g.$
I'm interested in the cohomology of its Jacobian $Jac(\Sigma_g)=T^{2g},$
in particular how the $SU(2)$ or $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ Lefschetz ...

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### hyperbolic orbifolds of small area

Is there a list of 2-dimensional hyperbolic orbifolds obtained from reflection groups (such as the double of a hyperbolic triangle with angles $\pi/p$, etc.) of small area, for instance area smaller ...

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### Weierstrass points of discrete Riemann surfaces

Is there a notion of Weierstrass points for discrete Riemann surfaces?
Any help or reference would be welcome!
Thanks!

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### How to find number of points at infinity of a Riemann surface

Let $X \subset \mathbb C^2$ be a Riemann surface with boundary $\partial X \subset \mathbb C^2$ and without compact components. Let $\bar X = X \cup \{p_1,\ldots,p_N\} \subseteq \mathbb CP^2$ be its ...

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### A continuous version of Teichmuller uniqueness

By the Teichmuller uniqueness theorem, given a homeomorphism $f:X \rightarrow X$ where $X$ is the $n$-punctured sphere, there is a unique quasiconformal homeomorphism $g$ fixing $0$, $1$, and $\infty$...

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### polynomial branched cover of the sphere with specified monodromy

We know by the Riemann Existence Theorem that any Riemann surface can arise holmorphically as the branched cover of a sphere:
Which Riemann surfaces arise from the Riemann existence theorem?
Do ...

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### Residues and Mittag-Leffler sequence

Let $X$ be a compact Riemann surface, $\omega$ a meromorphic differential on $X$ and $f$ a meromorphic function on $X$ with poles only over the points $P_1,\dots,P_d$. The product $\;f\cdot\omega\;$ ...

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### Is there an algorithm to compute efficiently the dessin d'enfant from a Belyi pair?

Let $(X,f)$ be a Belyi pair, i.e. a Riemann surface $X$ together with a morphism $f: X \to \mathbb{P}^1$, ramified only in $0,1, \infty$. Grothendieck's dessin d'enfant is the pre-image $G$ of the ...

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### Avoiding integers in the spectrum of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface

Let $\Sigma^2$ be an orientable compact surface of genus $gen(\Sigma)\geq2$, and denote by $\mathcal M(\Sigma)$ the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on $\Sigma$, i.e., Riemannian metrics of constant ...

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364 views

### The Fuchsian monodromy problem

I want to understand the argument being made from equation 6.1 to 6.5 in this paper between pages 27-28
6.2, 6.4 and 6.5 are completely out-of-the-blue to me and I have no clue as to from where they ...

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609 views

### A question about Abel-Jacobi map

Let $X$ be a Riemann Surface with genus $g$, $S^g(X)$ be the symmetric power of $X$ (which is naturally identified with the set of effective divisors of degree $g$). Let $A$ be the Abel-Jacobi map ...

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### Quasi-isometric embeddings of the mapping class group into the Teichmuller space

Does there exist a quasi-isometric embedding
$$MCG(S) \to (\mathrm{Teich}(S), d)$$
for $d$ any "known" distance on the Teichmuller space (i.e. Teichmuller, Weil-Petersson, Thurston...) ?

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### What is known of the reverse math of Riemann-Roch?

I hope this is not too trivial, but I think this may be well known to someone (not me).

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### Inverse “Riemann mapping” [closed]

The Riemann mapping theorem states, that any simply connected domain $U \subset \mathbb C$ can be conformally mapped to the open unit disk $D$. I.e. there is a Diffeomorphism $\Psi: D \to U$ such that ...

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### Euclidean surfaces with conical singularities and cusped hyperbolic surfaces

Let $S$ be a compact orientable surface endowed with a singular euclidean metric $g$, with $n$ conical singularities $x_1,\ldots,x_n$.
Construction 1: it is well-known that the conformal class $[g]$...

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### Is there a Riemann-Roch like result for meromorphic differentials with all periods vanishing?

The classical Riemann-Roch theorem for Riemann surfaces makes a connection between the dimension of the space of meromorphic functions and the dimension of the space of meromorphic forms. Thus it is ...

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167 views

### Reference on Deligne-Mumford compactness for Riemann surfaces

I am working with closed degenerating hyperbolic Riemann surfaces, and I try to understand the compactification of the moduli space. Looking in different books, notably the one of Hummel, I now get a ...

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### Questions about dessin d'enfants, trees and their Shabat polynomials

This will be a series of questions, a few of which have been troubling me for quite a while now. Before I jump right in, let me first introduce a few notions which I will assume.
(Note: All of these ...

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206 views

### Request for some references exploring the connections of Riemann surfaces with medical imaging

I'd like to know some references for a beginner who has basic background in Riemann surfaces and differential geometry, and would like to start learning/working on more applied areas, medical imaging/...

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### Fixed points on Riemann surface

It is well known theorem that for a conformal mapping $\phi$ from a bounded and planar domain $\Omega$ to itself has three fixed points , then it must be identity mapping. However, I cannot find a ...

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### Reference for hyperelliptic curves

I was reading a paper the other day that said that all automorphisms of a hyperelliptic curve are liftings of automorphisms of $\mathbb{P}^1$ operating on the set of branch points.
Can someone point ...

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### Are non-isomorphic covers of riemann surfaces also generally nonisomorphic as riemann surfaces?

Suppose you've got a Riemann surface $E$, and two topological covers $X,Y\rightarrow E$. Suppose $X,Y$ are nonisomorphic topological covers of $E$, then would you expect $X,Y$ as Riemann surfaces (...

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### What prevents a cover to be Galois?

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a ramified cover of Riemann surfaces or algebraic curves over $\mathbb{C}$. My question is can one in terms of the ramification data of $f$, determine whether the cover is ...

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### Existence of special pants decompositions for non-elementary representations into PSL(2,R)

A Theorem by Gallo, Goldman and Porter states the following:
Let $S_g$ be a closed orientable surface of genus $g$ with fundamental group $\Gamma_g$, and fix a non-elementary representation $\rho\...

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### Periods of translation surfaces

A translation surface is a Riemann surface equipped with a holomorphic 1-form $\omega$ and a Riemannian metric $g=\omega \bar \omega$ with conical singularities. It is well-known that there exists ...

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### The fundamental group of a closed surface without classification of surfaces?

The fundamental group of a closed oriented surface of genus $g$ has the well-known presentation
$$
\langle x_1,\ldots, x_g,y_1,\ldots ,y_g\vert \prod_{i=1}^{g} [x_i,y_i]\rangle.
$$
The proof I know ...

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### What is a branched Riemann surface with cuts?

Edit: Let me restate the main claim being made in these two papers,
Consider the "branched" Riemann surface which has "n" sheets stuck along the intervals, $[z_i, z_{i+1}]$ for $i=1,..,2N$ then it ...

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### Cohomology of the genus 2 mapping class group

Is the cohomology of the genus 2 mapping class group (that is, the cohomology of the moduli stack $M_2$ of genus 2 curves) known? I'd be interested in references. The rational cohomology is known to ...

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### Approximation Runge's Theorem

Let $X$ be a Riemann Surface and $K$ a compact subset of $X$. Every holomorphic function in $K$ be uniformly approximable on $K$ by holomorphic functions on $X$ if $X-K$ have no connected component ...

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### Hyperbolic structures on once punctured tori

I've been working on a problem about billiards in ideal hyperbolic polygons and I was thinking about how the problem for ideal quadrilaterals relates to closed geodesics on once punctured tori.
My ...

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### Octonions and the Fano plane.

Does the Fano plane mnemonic for octonion multiplication have any deeper meaning?
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/FanoPlane.svg
The symmetry group of the Fano plane is PSL(2,7), ...

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### A “Riemannian” analogue of Kobayashi metric?

Recall that Kobayashi metric is defined on any complex manifold $M$. This is a pseudo-metric according to which a tangent vector $v$ at $P$ has length at most $1$ if there is holomorphic map from ...

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### Non-compact Riemann surfaces and affine algebraic curves

Is every connected non-compact Riemann surface biholomorphically equivalent to an affine algebraic curve in some ${\mathbb C}^n$? I suspect that surfaces of infinite genus probably are not but could ...

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### Trivial Line Bundle-Riemann surfaces

What are the Hermitian metrics in a trivial line bundle on a Riemann surface X?
I read that a Hermitian metric in the trivial line bundle is equivalent to a $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}$ weight function $\...