The riemann-surfaces tag has no usage guidance.

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### Quotient of the hyperbolic plane with respect to commutator group of $\pi_1(\Sigma_g)$

Let $\Sigma_g$ be a Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$ and $G=\pi_1(\Sigma_g)$.
Let $\pi\colon \mathbb{H}\to \Sigma_g$ be the universal covering map. What kind of surface is $\mathbb{H}/[G,G]$?
...

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vote

**1**answer

173 views

### How to understand a rooting of a dessin d'enfant?

As I understand it, rooted maps on surfaces were first introduced in enumerative combinatorics because they are easier to count than unrooted maps, which can have non-trivial symmetries. A map is a ...

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**0**answers

205 views

### Holomorphic vector bundles over $\mathbb{CP}^1$ and elliptic curves

Can anyone suggest a good exposition of the classification of holomorphic vector bundles over $\mathbb{CP}^1$? Also does there exist any analytic or more elementary proof of Atiyah's classification of ...

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votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Intersection of closed geodesics in hyperbolic surface

This question may be easy but I could not come up with a proof.
Let $F$ be a hyperbolic surface of finite type (with finitely many boundary and finitely many puncture). Let $\gamma$ be a closed ...

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144 views

### different proofs of the fact that compact riemann surface has a non-trivial meromorphic function

I would have like to have a list of different proofs of the fact that compact riemann surface has a non-trivial meromorphic function.This is certainly one of the main results of compact riemann ...

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votes

**1**answer

199 views

### Connection between Strebel differentials, ribbon graphs, and Belyi maps

In this paper, a nice story is woven regarding the connection between quadratic differentials on Riemann surfaces, so-called 'ribbon graphs' drawn on those surfaces, and Belyi maps. However, I am ...

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221 views

### Understanding a proof of a lemma in elliptic surfaces

In the following paper , The Kahler-Ricci flow on surfaces of positive Kodaira dimension (Sung and Tian) in page 621, I am trying to understand the proof of part 1 of Lemma 3.4.
In the part 1 of ...

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112 views

### Finding Riemannian metric explicitly from the conformal structure on a surface

Each Riemann surface structure $S'$ on a topological surface $S$ can be obtained from a Riemannian metric which looks like $ds^{2} = g_{11}dx^{2} + 2g_{12}dxdy + g_{22}dy^{2}$ in local coordinates ...

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**1**answer

140 views

### Singular leaf of Strebel differential

Let $R$ be a Riemann surface.Let $\gamma$ be a loop which is non-trivial in $H_{1}(R,\mathbb{Z})$. By the Jenkins–Strebel Theorem we know the following: there exists a holomorphic quadratic ...

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56 views

### Riemann surface of $K_0(z)$

The question concerns the modified Bessel function of the second kind of order zero ($K_0(z)$).
How does its Riemann surface looks like? How can one evaluate its values on the "other" sheet(s)?

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180 views

### The type of a Riemann surface arising from a polynomial vector field

Consider the planar polynomial vector field $$\begin{cases} \dot x=P(x,y)\\ \dot y=Q(x,y)\end{cases}$$
It defines a singular foliation on $\mathbb{C}P^{2}$. Assume that a complex leaf contains ...

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222 views

### Finding an algebraic equation given divisors

I'm trying to find an algebraic curve that represents a specific Riemann surface and my question goes like this:
Given divisors
$(\omega_1) = P_1 + 5 P_2 + 2 P_3,$
$(\omega_2) = 5 P_1 + P_2 + 2 P_3,$
...

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votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Examples of hyperelliptic curves with hyperelliptic quotients that have more automorphisms

Does there exist a hyperelliptic curve $X$ of genus $g\geq 2$ over the complex numbers such that $X$ has a hyperelliptic quotient $X\to Y$ (in the sense that $Y$ is hyperelliptic and the morphism ...

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249 views

### Complex structures on Riemann surfaces

This is cross posted from math.SE: http://math.stackexchange.com/q/876432/9
Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $[\alpha] \in H^{0,1}(M; T^{1,0} M) \simeq (H^0(M;K^2))^*$. Considering $\alpha$ as a map ...

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1k views

### History of the connection between Riemann surfaces and complex algebraic curves

As noted in the question "Links between Riemann surfaces and algebraic geometry", there are strong connections between Riemann surfaces and algebraic geometry - for example, compact Riemann surfaces ...

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313 views

### A special case of the uniformization theorem

I am interested in a proof of the following fact :
Suppose that $X$ is a Riemann surface homeomorphic to the Riemann sphere. Then $X$ is conformally equivalent to the Riemann sphere.
Of course, this ...

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**1**answer

133 views

### Any no-zero homomorphism of holomorphic vector bundles over a compact Riemann surface factors through a maximal rank homomorphism

I was reading the paper "Stable and Unitary vector bundles on a compact surface" by Narashiman and Seshadri.
I quote from the paper-
Can someone please explain how does any non-zero homomorphism ...

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**2**answers

296 views

### Holomorphic vector bundles over a Riemann surface does not satisfy $\mathbf{AB2}$ but satisfies $\mathbf{AB1}$

in Grothendieck's Tohoku paper (page 127), Grothendieck asserts that the category of holomorphic vector bundles $\mathbf{Bund}(X)$ over a fixed Riemann surface $X$ does not satisfy $\mathbf{AB2}$, but ...

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**1**answer

313 views

### searching for an elementary proof a complex analysis result

Given a function $ g $ entire on the whole complex plane $ C $, it is possible to find an entire function $f $ such that $ f(z+1) -f(z)=g(z) $. The proof can be given using riemann ...

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**1**answer

158 views

### Does every canonical decomposition of the intersection form come from a canonical homology basis?

Take a closed surface $X$ of genus $n$. By a canonical homology basis, I will mean a set of $2n$ homologically independent simple closed curves $\{\alpha_1,\ldots,\alpha_n,\beta_1,\ldots,\beta_n\}$, ...

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78 views

### some intuition about the degree of a map

Consider a map
$$ f: \Sigma \to X/\sigma,$$
where $\Sigma=\Sigma_g/\Omega$ is a quotient of a Riemann surface by an antiholomorphic involution,
$\sigma:X\to X$ is an antiholomorphic involution
of some ...

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votes

**1**answer

256 views

### Is the structure constant additive on connected components?

This is the reanimation of a question which already got an answer, that I did not fully understand. Coming back to it, after let it sit in a corner for some time, I keep not getting the point. I would ...

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195 views

### Is it possible to find $h$ hermitian metric such that $Isom_{h}(X) \cong Aut(X)$?

I suspect this is true for some class of analytic manifolds (Riemann surfaces maybe), but my knowledge in differential geometry is very poor, so I could not conclude it. For complex manifolds, is it ...

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704 views

### Spicing up Riemann surfaces course (revised)

I am a master's student planning to write a master's thesis on Riemann surfaces. I plan to study Forster's Lectures on Riemann surfaces. What side topics could one study to spice up the thesis? I am ...

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95 views

### Generators for the affine automorphism group of the octagon

Consider an octagon $O$ with opposite edges identified. Lemma 3.2.4 of (1) (subscription link) claims that the affine automorphism group of $O$ is generated by $D_8$ and the shear $\sigma$ such that, ...

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129 views

### A question for hyperbolic metric in the proof for Bohr's lemma

Recently I was reading an interesting proof for Bohr's lemma by the tool of hyperbolic metric, however I have a following question:
Given a holomorphic map $f$ on $D$, $f(0)=0$, and $|f|<1$ on ...

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**2**answers

355 views

### Etale covers of a hyperelliptic curve

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus at least two.
Let $Y\to X$ be a finite etale morphism with $Y$ connected.Then $Y$ is a smooth projective connected curve.
Is $Y$ hyperelliptic?
More ...

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**1**answer

129 views

### Uniform estimate for the Cauchy-Riemann equations on a hyperbolic Riemann surface

I have been trying to find the answer to this question in the literature, but have not succeeded. The question is as follows.
Suppose $X$ is a Riemann surface that admits a green's function (i.e. ...

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121 views

### Criterion for a subgroup of $PSL_2(\mathbb R)$ to be Fuchsian

Let $\Gamma$ be a finitely generated subgroup of $PSL_2(\mathbb R)$.
I'm looking for effective criteria (idealy necessary and sufficient but just necessary would be a good start) ensuring that ...

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326 views

### The Schottky group and the fundamental group of a compact Riemann surface

I am quoting the following description from a paper,
"...every compact Riemann surface can be obtained as the quotient $\mathbb{C}/\Gamma$ where $\Gamma$ is a Schottky group. The Schottky group of a ...

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94 views

### Uniformization of n-Sheeted surfaces

Consider a 3-sheeted Riemann surface without a Z_3 symmetry. The first and second sheets are sewn together at an interval (u1,v1), and the second and third are sewn at (u2,v2). This is a Riemann ...

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115 views

### tangent developable surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $C$ be a regular curve embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$ (i.e. a real 1-dimensional manifold embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$). Let $S$ be the union of its affine tangent lines:
$$S=\bigcup\limits_{p\in ...

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734 views

### Analogy between the nodal cubic curve $y^2=x^3+x^2$ and the ring $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-3}]$?

I'm trying to motivate a bit of algebraic geometry in an abstract algebra course (while simultaneously trying to learn a bit of algebraic geometry), and I thought that it might be nice to present an ...

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**1**answer

157 views

### Reference for homeomorphism between “analytic” compactification of $M_{g,n}$ and Deligne-Mumford compactification

There are several natural ways to endow the compactification of the space of
marked Riemann surfaces $M_{g,n}$ ($2g+n\geq 3$), with a topology, which is
defined using "differential geometric or ...

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**1**answer

161 views

### Riemann surfaces of $w^3 = (z-a)(z-b)(z-c)$

I've been playing around with Riemann surfaces of cubics, and it seems to me that all coverings of the Riemann sphere from equations of the form
$w^3 = q(z)$, where $q(z)$ is a cubic with three ...

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**1**answer

166 views

### Image of the map induced on homology by a covering

I asked this question on math.se (http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/647930/image-of-the-map-on-homology-induced-by-a-covering), but it have not attracted much of attention.
Let $X$ and $Y$ are ...

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**1**answer

143 views

### Use of Jensen's inequality on a Riemann surface

Let $f:\mathbb{C}\to \mathbb{C}$ be entire and consider the composite function $g(z):=f(\sqrt{z^2 - 1})$ on $\mathbb{C}\setminus \big ((-\infty , -1]\cup [1,\infty )\big )$ on the branch of the square ...

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181 views

### lift of antiholomorphic involution of Riemann surface to its Jacobian's cohomology

Start from a connected closed Riemann surface $\Sigma_g,$
obtained as the (symmetric) covering of an open and/or unoriented surface
$\Sigma,$ namely $\Sigma=\Sigma_g/\Omega,$ where $\Omega$ is an ...

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129 views

### Subharmonic function on a twice punctured complex plane

is the twice punctured complex plane parabolic or hyperbolic? In this sense: does $\mathbb{C}-\{0,1\}$ admit a nonconstant, negative, subharmonic function?
Thanks,

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206 views

### SU(2) Lefschetz decomposition for cohomology of Riemann surface Jacobian

Start with a closed Riemann surface with $g$ handles $\Sigma_g.$
I'm interested in the cohomology of its Jacobian $Jac(\Sigma_g)=T^{2g},$
in particular how the $SU(2)$ or $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ Lefschetz ...

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**1**answer

199 views

### hyperbolic orbifolds of small area

Is there a list of 2-dimensional hyperbolic orbifolds obtained from reflection groups (such as the double of a hyperbolic triangle with angles $\pi/p$, etc.) of small area, for instance area smaller ...

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68 views

### Weierstrass points of discrete Riemann surfaces

Is there a notion of Weierstrass points for discrete Riemann surfaces?
Any help or reference would be welcome!
Thanks!

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78 views

### How to find number of points at infinity of a Riemann surface

Let $X \subset \mathbb C^2$ be a Riemann surface with boundary $\partial X \subset \mathbb C^2$ and without compact components. Let $\bar X = X \cup \{p_1,\ldots,p_N\} \subseteq \mathbb CP^2$ be its ...

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175 views

### A continuous version of Teichmuller uniqueness

By the Teichmuller uniqueness theorem, given a homeomorphism $f:X \rightarrow X$ where $X$ is the $n$-punctured sphere, there is a unique quasiconformal homeomorphism $g$ fixing $0$, $1$, and ...

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229 views

### polynomial branched cover of the sphere with specified monodromy

We know by the Riemann Existence Theorem that any Riemann surface can arise holmorphically as the branched cover of a sphere:
Which Riemann surfaces arise from the Riemann existence theorem?
Do ...

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**1**answer

146 views

### Residues and Mittag-Leffler sequence

Let $X$ be a compact Riemann surface, $\omega$ a meromorphic differential on $X$ and $f$ a meromorphic function on $X$ with poles only over the points $P_1,\dots,P_d$. The product $\;f\cdot\omega\;$ ...

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537 views

### Is there an algorithm to compute efficiently the dessin d'enfant from a Belyi pair?

Let $(X,f)$ be a Belyi pair, i.e. a Riemann surface $X$ together with a morphism $f: X \to \mathbb{P}^1$, ramified only in $0,1, \infty$. Grothendieck's dessin d'enfant is the pre-image $G$ of the ...

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402 views

### Avoiding integers in the spectrum of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface

Let $\Sigma^2$ be an orientable compact surface of genus $gen(\Sigma)\geq2$, and denote by $\mathcal M(\Sigma)$ the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on $\Sigma$, i.e., Riemannian metrics of constant ...

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357 views

### The Fuchsian monodromy problem

I want to understand the argument being made from equation 6.1 to 6.5 in this paper between pages 27-28
6.2, 6.4 and 6.5 are completely out-of-the-blue to me and I have no clue as to from where they ...

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**1**answer

562 views

### A question about Abel-Jacobi map

Let $X$ be a Riemann Surface with genus $g$, $S^g(X)$ be the symmetric power of $X$ (which is naturally identified with the set of effective divisors of degree $g$). Let $A$ be the Abel-Jacobi map ...