# Tagged Questions

1answer
62 views

### Intersection of closed geodesics in hyperbolic surface

This question may be easy but I could not come up with a proof. Let $F$ be a hyperbolic surface of finite type (with finitely many boundary and finitely many puncture). Let $\gamma$ be a closed ...
0answers
67 views

### Finding Riemannian metric explicitly from the conformal structure on a surface

Each Riemann surface structure $S'$ on a topological surface $S$ can be obtained from a Riemannian metric which looks like $ds^{2} = g_{11}dx^{2} + 2g_{12}dxdy + g_{22}dy^{2}$ in local coordinates ...
2answers
85 views

### Subharmonic function on a twice punctured complex plane

is the twice punctured complex plane parabolic or hyperbolic? In this sense: does $\mathbb{C}-\{0,1\}$ admit a nonconstant, negative, subharmonic function? Thanks,
1answer
164 views

### hyperbolic orbifolds of small area

Is there a list of 2-dimensional hyperbolic orbifolds obtained from reflection groups (such as the double of a hyperbolic triangle with angles $\pi/p$, etc.) of small area, for instance area smaller ...
1answer
125 views

### Euclidean surfaces with conical singularities and cusped hyperbolic surfaces

Let $S$ be a compact orientable surface endowed with a singular euclidean metric $g$, with $n$ conical singularities $x_1,\ldots,x_n$. Construction 1: it is well-known that the conformal class ...
0answers
72 views

### Existence of special pants decompositions for non-elementary representations into PSL(2,R)

A Theorem by Gallo, Goldman and Porter states the following: Let $S_g$ be a closed orientable surface of genus $g$ with fundamental group $\Gamma_g$, and fix a non-elementary representation ...
2answers
531 views

### The fundamental group of a closed surface without classification of surfaces?

The fundamental group of a closed oriented surface of genus $g$ has the well-known presentation $$\langle x_1,\ldots, x_g,y_1,\ldots ,y_g\vert \prod_{i=1}^{g} [x_i,y_i]\rangle.$$ The proof I know ...
1answer
229 views

### Hyperbolic structures on once punctured tori

I've been working on a problem about billiards in ideal hyperbolic polygons and I was thinking about how the problem for ideal quadrilaterals relates to closed geodesics on once punctured tori. My ...
1answer
232 views

### growth of energy of eigenfunctions on hyperbolic surface

I am looking to the behavior of eigenfunctions associated to small eigenvalues on a degenerating hyperbolic surface. Let $(\Sigma_n, h_n)$ a sequence of compact surfaces with area equal to $1$ and ...
2answers
295 views

### Complete metric on a Riemann surface with punctures

If we have a Riemann surface with punctures of negative Euler characterstisc, how can one define a complete hyperbolic metric? I know that in this case the universal cover is the hyperbolic plane ...
0answers
145 views

### Limit sets of Fuchsian groups and relation between lifts to $H$ of homotopic maps between hyperbolic Riemann surfaces

Let $f,g : X \to Y$ be homotopic (quasiconformal) maps between hyperbolic Riemann surfaces $X,Y$. Consider their (unique) lifts $\tilde{f},\tilde{g}: H\to H$ , that fix $0,1,\infty$. My question is : ...
0answers
162 views

### Quick references/sources for the hyperbolic Riemann Surfaces with boundary

Hello, Here I am asking for a reference for the universal cover of hyperbolic Riemann surfaces with geodesic boundaries. For example, I want to know how the universal cover/fundamental domain of ...
2answers
989 views

### What is / are the softwares to use to draw surfaces of the form of a two or three-holed torus , or torus, or torus with cusps attached to it?

I am trying to draw surfaces with complete hyperbolic structures and surfaces which are topologically tori. The hyperbolic surfaces I need to draw are torus with one or two holes on it, or torus with ...
4answers
547 views

### Softwares for drawing hyperbolic surfaces , closed, with boundaries or with punctures ?

In a paper I am in the process of writing in LaTeX, I need to draw and incorporate some diagrams of hyperbolic surfaces in my LaTeX document. Is there any software I can use to draw hyperbolic ...
1answer
338 views

### Characterization of the moduli space of the pair of pants in terms of the modules of the extremal ring domains

Hi, I was thinking about the following question ; I will appreciate it if somebody can give me a full or partial answer or can at least cite any reference(s)/ papers etc : By $\bar{P}$ , we ...
1answer
407 views

### The version of Montel's theorem used in the proof of Jenkins-Strebel differential

Hello, I am afraid that my main question might be a bit too elementary, but still I ask : In short, my question is "what is the version of Montel's theorem for a family of holomorphic maps from an ...
2answers
297 views

### Hurwitz's automorphisms theorem for infinite genus Riemann surfaces

Hurwitz's automorphisms theorem states that for a compact Riemann surface $X$ the cardinality of $Aut(X)$, the group of holomorphic automorphisms, is bounded above by $84(g(X)-1)$ and is therefore ...
1answer
391 views

### The smallest positive eigenvalue and the length of the shortest geodesic

I'm confused about some things concerning lengths of geodesics on Riemann surfaces and positive eigenvalues of the Laplacian. Moreover, I'm also interested in the relation between these two. Let $X$ ...
3answers
939 views

### Hyperbolicity on Riemann Surfaces

For Riemann surfaces there are at least to possible notions of hyperbolicity. The classical one given by the Uniformization Theorem, or equivalently the type problem, which essentially says that a ...
1answer
629 views

### A question on part of “An introduction to teichmuller spaces” by Imayoshi-Taniguchi

I was reading the part on Fenchel-Nielsen coordinates, the proof on page 64, I don't understand when they say: Since $\theta_j(t_1)=\theta_j(t_2)$, $j=1,\ldots,3g-3$, all $g_k$ can be glued ...
1answer
339 views

### Two questions from Hubbard's Teichmuller theory book Vol I, P. 130 , Thm 4.4.1, ( QC maps )

I was studying Theorem 4.4.1 from John H. Hubbard's Teichmuller Theory, vol I, Theorem 4.4.1 ( P. 129 ) which states : Let $X,Y$ be two hyperbolic Riemann surfaces with hyperbolic metrics $d_X,d_Y$ ...
6answers
598 views

### Quasiconformal harmonic extension of a quasi-symmetric map on $S^1$

Hello ,we know that for given $h:S^1\to S^1$, we can solve the Dirichlet problem on $\bar{D}$ with the boundary value $h$ and in fact this extension, which is the complex harmonic extension $H=E(h)$ ...
1answer
158 views

### Definition of k -quasisymmetric maps on S^1

I know the definition of k -quasi-symmetric maps $f$ on $R$,it is there exists $k>0$ such that $\frac{1}{k}\leq\frac{f(x+t)-f(x)}{f(x)-f(x-t)} \leq k \forall x,t\in R.$ So I just want to ...
1answer
334 views

### Is there a concept of Combined Teichmuller space for surfaces with both geodesic boundary and punctures/cusps

If we take a sequence of compact hyperbolic Riemann surface with k geodesic boundary components such that the lengths of the geodesic boundary components go to zero, then in the "limit", we should get ...
2answers
657 views

### A quick question about Farb-Margalit's book on MCG's proof on Teichmuller's existence theorem

Hello, I was studying Farb-Margalit's " A Primer on MCG " for Teichmuller's existence theorem. On P. 347, proposition 11.14, they proved $\omega : QD_1(X) -> Teich ( S_g)$ is proper, which, ...
1answer
226 views

### Can we prove $Aut(S_g) , g \geq 2$ is finite in the following way ?

I was trying to prove that $Aut( S_g$), g$\geq 2$ [ orientation preserving isometries ] is finite in the following way : For fixed $M$ ( positive ) there are finitely many , say $k$ number of ...
1answer
443 views

### Some basic questions about the proof of Teichmuller's uniqueness theorem

Hello , I was studying the proof of Teichmuller's uniqueness theorem from the note/book " A Primer on Mapping Class Groups " by Farb-Margalit and I got struck at a couple of points, mainly because I ...
2answers
291 views

### Why a non-simple geodesic in a Y-piece is NOT homotopic to a common perpendicular to the geodesic boundaries ?

This is a basic question, still I dare to ask : Let Y be the Y-piece with geodesic boundaries A,B, C and ( if possible ) c the non simple geodesic from A to B intersecting itself at a point p. I want ...
1answer
246 views

### Figure eight geodesic on a pair of pants/Y-piece

Consider a figure-eight geodesic $\delta$( geodesic with exactly one self-intersection point at p ) on a pair of pants Y with three geodesic boundaries $\gamma_i$ and three perpendiculars between ...
2answers
1k views

### Translation surfaces

I know that this definitely have some sort of reference out there, but I did not find any wikipidea page for it or any introductory Mathematical article about it . I just want definition and concrete ...
1answer
558 views

### Examples of compact hyperbolic surfaces/manifolds with very small or very large eigenvalues

Hello, Is there any general ways to construct compact hyperbolic 2-manifolds with very small or very large eigenvalues ? Also, as a special case, can we construct a sequence of compact hyperbolic ...
2answers
469 views

### Schwarz Lemma in terms of conformal surfaces or holomorphic curves?

Scharwz Lemma in its general form says that any holomorphic map between hyperbolic surfaces is contracting. Noting that Riemann surfaces admit a unique metric of constant curvature -1, I wonder if we ...
4answers
1k views

### Finding Constant Curvature Metrics on Surfaces without full power of Uniformization

(I rewrote this question, hopefully it's more clear now. It's still the same question, but I reordered its parts.) Let S be a surface (possibly non-compact, but no boundary). It seems that there are ...
2answers
444 views

### Weil's theorem about maps from a discrete group to a Lie group.

Let K be a group (with discrete topology), G be a Lie group. Let $\operatorname{Hom}(K,G)$ be the space of all group homomorphisms from K to G. This is a closed subvariety of the space of all the maps ...