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### Elementary question: Curvature change under Complexified Gauge Transformation

Forgive me for this elementary question.
Let $E$ be a holomorphic vector bundle over a Riemann surface $M$ equipped with a Hermitian metric. Let $\nabla$ be the compatible connection on $E$ amd $g$ ...

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**1**answer

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### Is a one-dimensional compact complex analytic space necessarily projective?

Let $X$ be a compact complex analytic space with singular locus $X^{\mathrm{sing}}$. Suppose that $X\setminus X^{\mathrm{sing}}$ is a Riemann surface. If $X^{\mathrm{sing}} = \emptyset$, then $X$ is ...

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### Where to submit this work with several unusual features?

I appreciate that questions about where to submit are generally considered off-topic, but I hope that the unusual features of the present case may make it acceptable.
I have put a monograph on github ...

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### Riemann surface defined by a Beltrami differential

Let $R$ be a Riemann surface, $\omega$ and $\tau$ respectively a holomorphic and an antiholomorphic 1-form on $R$. Locally $\omega=fdz$ and $\tau=gd\overline{z}$ with $\partial_{\overline{z}}f=0$ and $...

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### Arakelov divisors and the meaning of real coefficients

I'm learning Arakelov theory on arithmetic surfaces and I have the following general question.
Let $K$ be a number field and consider its ring of integers $O_K$. Moreover let $S:=\operatorname{Spec} ...

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338 views

### Higgs fields whose determinant have only simple zeros

Is the following property true for every stable holomorphic bundle of rank 2 with trivial determinant on a compact Riemann surface:
The space of trace-free Higgs fields, whose determinant have only ...

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331 views

### The Teichmüller space $T_g$ of a closed riemann surface $S_g$ of genus $g \geq 2$ can't be parametrized by $6g−6$ geodesic length functions

I asked this question almost a month ago on Math SE. After waiting three weeks for an answer or a comment, I opened a bounty on the question in hope that it might get an answer this way. The bounty ...

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67 views

### Schwarz–Ahlfors–Pick theorem for hyperbolic pair of pants

Let $\mathcal{P}$ be a hyperbolic pair of pants with geodesic boundary and $\Sigma_3$ be the hyperbolic thrice punctures sphere. I want to construct a conformal map $f:\mathcal{P}\rightarrow \Sigma_3$ ...

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### Fiber at infinity of an arithmetic surface $X$ as an element of $\widehat{\operatorname{Div}(X)}$

Introduction:
Let $M$ be a Riemann surface, then a Green function on $M$ is an element $g\in C^\infty(V)$ where $V=M\setminus\{x_1,\ldots,x_r\}$ and around each point $p\in M$ we have:
$$g=a\log\...

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262 views

### Examples of discrete subgroups of $PSL_2(\mathbf{R})$ with finite covolume and which are not co-compact

Is there a natural example of a discrete subgroup $\Gamma\leq PSL_2(\mathbf{R})$ such that
(1) $\Gamma$ has finite covolume
(2) $\mathfrak{h}/\Gamma$ is not compact ($\mathfrak{h}$ being the upper ...

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### On dimension of the moduli space of abelian differentials on Riemann surfaces

I fear I'm missing something important here, so forgive me if my question is stupid.
Consider $\mathcal{M}_g$ the moduli space of Riemann surfaces of genus $g>2$ and $\mathcal{H}_g$ the moduli ...

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225 views

### Does there exist a non-hyperelliptic Riemann surface with automorphism group $C_2\times A_4$?

Does there exist a non-hyperelliptic Riemann surface of genus 5 with automorphism group $C_2\times A_4$?

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### Dessin d'enfant and moduli space of bordered/punctured hyperbolic Riemann surfaces

Belyi's theorem states that if a Riemann surface could be defined as an algebraic curve over an algebraic number field, then this Riemann surface could be described by a Dessin d'enfant. I have two ...

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163 views

### Jacobians of twisted coverings

Given a compact Riemann surface $M$ and two double coverings $\hat\pi\colon \hat M\to M$ and $\tilde\pi\colon \tilde M\to M$ which are branched over the same points $p_1,..,p_n\in M.$ As is well-known,...

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**1**answer

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### Sequence of translation surfaces and length of saddle connections

A sequence of translation surfaces $(X_n,\omega_n)$ is said to "go to infinity" if it leaves every compact set in the space of translation surfaces as $n$ goes to infinity. I know that this is ...

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**1**answer

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### Branches of the tetration function

Letting $\eta = e^{1/e}$ where $e$ is Euler's constant, there exists a function $F(z)=\, ^z \eta$ with the following relevant properties. (I won't bother showing the existence of this function, or the ...

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37 views

### Field of moduli relative to a different extension

Let $X$ be a Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$ defined over $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{2})$.
Let us consider the automorphism of $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{2})$,
$$
\tau:\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{2})\rightarrow\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{...

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### Zeroes of global sections killed by differential operators

I asked this question some two weeks ago on StackExchange, but received no feedback of any sort ...
Let $X$ be a compact connected Riemann surface and let $\Phi:M\rightarrow N$ be an elliptic ...

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### Deformation of the covariant Laplacian

Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle (with compact structure group $G$).
Fix a connection $A$ in $P$ and consider a nearby connection $B$, which is in Coulomb gauge ...

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### Comparison of algebraic and analytic q-expansion

I would like to check that algebraic and analytic q-expansion of a modular form coincide.
I'm thinking about modular forms as global sections of some sheaf on modular curves. If $X$ is a modular ...

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476 views

### Gromov-Hausdorff limits of 2-dimensional Riemannian surfaces

Let $\{M_i\}$ be a sequence of 2-dimensional orientable closed surfaces of genus $g$ with smooth Riemannian metrics with the Gauss curvature at least $-1$ and diameter at most $D$. By the Gromov ...

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### Classification of symmetries of tilings in surfaces?

Is there a general study of the symmetries of tilings on surfaces?
Conway, Goodman-Strauss & Burgiel classified them on $\mathbb S^2, \mathbb R^2$ and $\mathbb H^2$, with their 'Magic Theorem'. ...

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### Embed a bordered Riemann surface into punctured Riemann surfaces?

Let $U$ be a bordered Riemann surface of genus $g$ with $n -1$ punctures and one hole (i.e., the border has one connected component). For any punctured Riemann surface $\Sigma$ of genus $g$ with $n$ ...

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### The class of the diagonal in the symmetric product of a smooth curve

Let $C$ be a smooth curve of genus $g$, and let us consider its $d$-th symmetric product $\textrm{Sym}^d(C)$ and its Jacobian $J(C)$. Fixing a point $p_0 \in C,$ there are two maps $$u_d\colon C_d \to ...

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### Lower bound for Hurwitz's automorphisms theorem

Let $\Sigma_g$ a closed Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$, then the cardinality of the orientation-preserving conformal automorphism is less than $84(g-1)$, and we have equality for an infinite ...

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### Criterion for deciding the conformal class of a metric on a complete surface

For orientable closed Riemannian surfaces $(S,g)$, there is a constant curvature metric $\overline{g}$ on $S$ that is conformal to $g$ in the sense that $\overline{g} = e^ug$ for some smooth function $...

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### Foliation by Umbilic Surfaces

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a simply connected 3 dimensional Riemannian Manifold which is a foliation by Umbilic surfaces.
Can I make the claim that there exists a coordinate system $(x_1,x_2,x_3)$ in which ...

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### Quotients of curves of genus $4$ by a free $\mathbb{Z}/ 3 \mathbb{Z}$-action

Let $V_2$ and $V_3$ be the two hypersurfaces of $\mathbb P^3$ defined by
\begin{equation*}
V_2:={x_2x_3 + r(x_0, \, x_1)=0}, \quad V_3:={x_2^3+x_3^3+s(x_0, \, x_1)=0},
\end{equation*}
where $r, \, s \...

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### Are there any non-trivial $G$-gerbes over the analytic space $\mathbb C$

Does there exist a finite (abstract) group $G$ and a non-trivial $G$-gerbe $\mathcal X\to \mathbb C$, where we work in the category of analytic stacks.
My guess is that $G$-gerbes for $G$ an abelian ...

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### Given a curve $C$, does there exist a rational function on $C$ totally ramified at two given points?

Let $C$ be a smooth projective irreducible curve over $\mathbb C$. Let $x$ and $y$ be distinct points of $C$.
We say that $f$ is totally ramified at a point $p$ if the ramification index of $p$ ...

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### Moduli of stable bundles - analytic approach

Consider a compact Riemann surface $X$ of genus $\ge 2$, and consider the set $M$ of stable holomorphic vector bundles of rank $n$ and degree $d$ on $X$, up to isomorphism.
At that point, one states ...

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193 views

### Complex structure on a punctured torus giving a complex structure on the torus?

Can anyone provide an idea of the proof or a reference of the fact that a complex structure on the once punctured torus extends to one on the torus?
In other words, the Teichmuller space of the ...

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### Construction of algebraic curves using line bundles on graphs

In this paper http://arxiv.org/abs/0707.1309 Matthew Baker and Serguei Norine, construct a analogue of the Riemman Roch formula for Lineal Systems defined on graphs. In the paper http://arxiv.org/abs/...

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### Is every closed Sasakian 3-manifold a circle bundle on a Riemann surface?

It suffices to say that all circle bundles on compact Riemann surfaces admit the structure of a closed Sasakian 3-manifold. The question is, the converse of this statement and/or what are the ...

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### Classification of open subset of $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ [closed]

There is a theorem which gives a classification of connected open sets of $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Unfortunately, I don't remember the correct statement, but it looks like this
Theorem ? Let $U\subset\...

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857 views

### Deep/precise relationship between two approaches to FLT for polynomials, $n = 3$

David Speyer commented the following here.
I saw Brian Conrad give an excellent one hour talk to undergraduates where he proved that there do not exist nonconstant, relatively prime, polynomials $...

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### Frucht's type theorem for Riemann surface

Frucht's theorem is a theorem in algebraic graph theory conjectured by Dénes Kőnig in 1936 and proved by Robert Frucht in 1939. It states that every finite group is the group of symmetries of a finite ...

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187 views

### Compact surface with arbitrarily large eigenvalue

Consider a compact surface $M$ with genus $\gamma \geq 2$ and fix a positive real number $V$. Is it known whether it is possible to produce a metric $g$ on the surface $M$ such that $(M. g)$ has ...

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### Is there a proof of the uniformization theorem using circle packing?

In this paper: http://www.dm.unipi.it/~benedett/rodin-sullivan.pdf
Rodin and Sullivan show that circle packings converge to the Riemann map. Later, Scharmm and He found another proof of the same ...

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### Explicit constant terms of volumes of moduli spaces

In Simple geodesics and Weil-Petersson volumes of moduli spaces of bordered Riemann surfaces, Mirzakhani gave a recursive formula for WP volumes of moduli spaces $\mathcal{M}_{g,n}(L)$ of bordered ...

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### Is there a complex surface into which every Riemann surface embeds?

This question was previously asked on Math SE.
Every Riemann surface can be embedded in some complex projective space. In fact, every Riemann surface $\Sigma$ admits an embedding $\varphi : \Sigma \...

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### Laplacian Spectra on Nearly Nodal Riemann Surfaces

Consider a family of complex curves ${\mathcal C} \to {\mathbb D}$ such that the central fibre is a nodal Riemann surface while other fibres are smooth Riemann surfaces. We choose a family of ...

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### A question on Ahlfors covering surface

Given a transcendental entire function $f$, and three Jordan domains $D_1$, $D_2$, and $D_3$ such that the closures of the three Jordan domains do not intersect with each other. Then from Ahlfors ...

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### Compact surfaces with arbitrary gaps in spectrum

Consider a sequence of positive numbers $a_n$. My question is, can we select a closed Riemann surface whose spectrum $\lambda_i$ satisfies the condition that $\lambda_{i + 1} - \lambda_i > a_i$? Of ...

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### Mapping class group of a punctured genus 0 surface

Let $T_{0,n}$ be the Teichmuller space of $n$-punctured genus $0$ Riemann surface, and $M_{0,n}$ the Moduli space (assume $n\geq 3$ and the punctures are numbered). What is the correct notion of the ...

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### Finite orbits on an elliptic curve with two generic involutions

Let $C$ be a (very) general genus 1 curve embedded in $\mathbb{CP}^1\times \mathbb{CP}^1$ as a (2,2)-divisor.
Each projection defines $C$ as a double cover of $\mathbb{CP}^1$ and induces an ...

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### What are the possible automorphism groups of Riemann surfaces of low genus?

Skipping the easy cases of genus 0 and 1, what groups can arise as the group of conformal transformations of a Riemann surfaces of genus, say, 2 or 3?
I'm frustrated because there are papers that ...

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### Equivalence of Harmonic Maps and Conformal Maps on Genus-0 closed surfaces

By the uniformization theorem, for every genus-0 closed surface $\mathcal{M}\subset\mathbb{R}^3$, there is a conformal map $f:\mathcal{M}\rightarrow \mathbb{S}^2$. Furthermore consider the Dirichlet ...

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### Is there an algorithm to compute the intersection of tautological classes on the moduli space of genus one curves?

Let $\overline{M}_{1,1}(\mathbb{P}^2, d) $ be the moduli space of degree
$d$ genus one curves on $\mathbb{P}^2$ with one marked point. Let
$L\longrightarrow \overline{M}_{1,1}(\mathbb{P}^2, d) $ ...

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**1**answer

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### Rational functions on hyperelliptic Riemann surface

Let $\mathcal R$ be an hyperelliptic Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 1$. Is it true that the only possible rational functions on $\mathcal R$ with $\leq g$ poles are the liftings of rational functions ...