The riemann-surfaces tag has no wiki summary.

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### When does a hyperelliptic Riemann surface admit a map of degree 3

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $g>1$.
For which $g$ does $X$ admit a map $X\to \mathbb P^1$ of degree $3$?
I think a genus two curve $X$ admits a map of degree $3$.
Proof: Pick $P$ ...

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97 views

### Coordinate charts on converging Riemann surfaces

Let $S$ be a $2-$dim manifold and $q \in S$. Furthermore, let $j_{n}$ be a sequence of complex structures on $S$ converging in $C^{\infty}_{\text{loc}}$ to a complex structure $j$ on $S$ as ...

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### Canonical Immersion of the Double Torus

It is easy to check that the immersion $\mathbb{T}^2=\mathbb{S}^1\times \mathbb{S}^1\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}^4$, $(\alpha,\beta)\longmapsto(\cos\alpha,\sin\alpha,\cos\beta,\sin\beta)$ induces the ...

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146 views

### existence of positive curved line bundles on a compact Riemann surface

Can anyone suggest a proof of the existence of positive line bundles on a compact Riemann surface, avoiding Hodge decomposition. (I am aware of the method in Dror Varolin's book, but I consider that ...

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47 views

### Analytic functions space on Riemann surface

I have some questions about the analytic function space on Riemann surface and distinguished varieties:
Let S be a compact Riemann surface and $\Omega\subset S$ be a domain with piecewise smooth ...

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188 views

### Ramification: Riemann surfaces vs Number fields

I am trying to understand the connection between Riemann surfaces and number fields. I am wondering if there an inconsistency in the definition of ramification in terms of Riemann surfaces vs number ...

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173 views

### Projective curves of constant curvature

A nodal projective curve in $\mathbb{CP}^2$ inherits a Kähler metric from the Fubini-Study metric, and hence a Riemannian metric. In particular, with respect to this metric, a line has constant ...

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### Kodaira-Spencer theory in d=1

Consider genus $g$ Riemann surfaces, and thier moduli space $\mathcal M_g$.
To determine dimension of $T\mathcal M_g$,
start with a complex structure, which in some coordinates can be written
...

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111 views

### Dilatation of surface diffeomorphisms

Let $S$ be a higher genus surface, let $f\colon S\to S$ be a diffeomorphism and let $f_*\colon H_1(M)\to H_1(M)$ be the induced homology automorphism.
Define dilatation of $f_*$ as the largest ...

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### Teichmuller geodesics vs. geodesics in the hyperbolic plane

Geodesics in $\mathbb H^2$ have the following properties:
For every two points in the plane there exists a unique geodesic joining them.
Every geodesic determines exactly two points on the ...

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353 views

### Is there a non-abelian version of the Torelli map?

Let $C$ be a connected compact oriented real surface of genus $g$, let $G$ be a connected compact Lie group and let $G_\mathbb{C}$ be the complexification of $G$. One considers the moduli space $M ...

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138 views

### Marten's proof of torelli theorem

I am trying to read the proof of torelli theorem by Henrik H.Martens "A new proof of torelli's theorem" Annals of mathematics vol78 no. 1 .The proof seems to me like using mysterious combination of 3 ...

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**1**answer

142 views

### Is the fundamental group of an open arithmetic Riemann surface contained in $\Gamma(2)$

Let $X$ be a non-compact Riemann surface with universal covering $\mathbb H$ and suppose that the fundamental group of $X$ is an arithmetic subgroup of $\mathrm{Aut}(\mathbb H) = ...

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445 views

### A metric on $S^{2}$ [closed]

Edit:Can this new version of this question be answered with the method of same comments to the previous version?
Let $p:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ be the Hopf fibration $p(z,w)= (\parallel ...

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385 views

### Quotient of the hyperbolic plane with respect to commutator group of $\pi_1(\Sigma_g)$

Let $\Sigma_g$ be a Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$ and $G=\pi_1(\Sigma_g)$.
Let $\pi\colon \mathbb{H}\to \Sigma_g$ be the universal covering map. What kind of surface is $\mathbb{H}/[G,G]$?
...

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### How to understand a rooting of a dessin d'enfant?

As I understand it, rooted maps on surfaces were first introduced in enumerative combinatorics because they are easier to count than unrooted maps, which can have non-trivial symmetries. A map is a ...

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187 views

### Holomorphic vector bundles over $\mathbb{CP}^1$ and elliptic curves

Can anyone suggest a good exposition of the classification of holomorphic vector bundles over $\mathbb{CP}^1$? Also does there exist any analytic or more elementary proof of Atiyah's classification of ...

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### Intersection of closed geodesics in hyperbolic surface

This question may be easy but I could not come up with a proof.
Let $F$ be a hyperbolic surface of finite type (with finitely many boundary and finitely many puncture). Let $\gamma$ be a closed ...

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139 views

### different proofs of the fact that compact riemann surface has a non-trivial meromorphic function

I would have like to have a list of different proofs of the fact that compact riemann surface has a non-trivial meromorphic function.This is certainly one of the main results of compact riemann ...

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### Connection between Strebel differentials, ribbon graphs, and Belyi maps

In this paper, a nice story is woven regarding the connection between quadratic differentials on Riemann surfaces, so-called 'ribbon graphs' drawn on those surfaces, and Belyi maps. However, I am ...

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### Understanding a proof of a lemma in elliptic surfaces

In the following paper , The Kahler-Ricci flow on surfaces of positive Kodaira dimension (Sung and Tian) in page 621, I am trying to understand the proof of part 1 of Lemma 3.4.
In the part 1 of ...

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86 views

### Finding Riemannian metric explicitly from the conformal structure on a surface

Each Riemann surface structure $S'$ on a topological surface $S$ can be obtained from a Riemannian metric which looks like $ds^{2} = g_{11}dx^{2} + 2g_{12}dxdy + g_{22}dy^{2}$ in local coordinates ...

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### Singular leaf of Strebel differential

Let $R$ be a Riemann surface.Let $\gamma$ be a loop which is non-trivial in $H_{1}(R,\mathbb{Z})$. By the Jenkins–Strebel Theorem we know the following: there exists a holomorphic quadratic ...

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### Riemann surface of $K_0(z)$

The question concerns the modified Bessel function of the second kind of order zero ($K_0(z)$).
How does its Riemann surface looks like? How can one evaluate its values on the "other" sheet(s)?

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### The type of a Riemann surface arising from a polynomial vector field

Consider the planar polynomial vector field $$\begin{cases} \dot x=P(x,y)\\ \dot y=Q(x,y)\end{cases}$$
It defines a singular foliation on $\mathbb{C}P^{2}$. Assume that a complex leaf contains ...

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216 views

### Finding an algebraic equation given divisors

I'm trying to find an algebraic curve that represents a specific Riemann surface and my question goes like this:
Given divisors
$(\omega_1) = P_1 + 5 P_2 + 2 P_3,$
$(\omega_2) = 5 P_1 + P_2 + 2 P_3,$
...

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### Examples of hyperelliptic curves with hyperelliptic quotients that have more automorphisms

Does there exist a hyperelliptic curve $X$ of genus $g\geq 2$ over the complex numbers such that $X$ has a hyperelliptic quotient $X\to Y$ (in the sense that $Y$ is hyperelliptic and the morphism ...

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222 views

### Complex structures on Riemann surfaces

This is cross posted from math.SE: http://math.stackexchange.com/q/876432/9
Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $[\alpha] \in H^{0,1}(M; T^{1,0} M) \simeq (H^0(M;K^2))^*$. Considering $\alpha$ as a map ...

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### History of the connection between Riemann surfaces and complex algebraic curves

As noted in the question "Links between Riemann surfaces and algebraic geometry", there are strong connections between Riemann surfaces and algebraic geometry - for example, compact Riemann surfaces ...

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### A special case of the uniformization theorem

I am interested in a proof of the following fact :
Suppose that $X$ is a Riemann surface homeomorphic to the Riemann sphere. Then $X$ is conformally equivalent to the Riemann sphere.
Of course, this ...

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### Any no-zero homomorphism of holomorphic vector bundles over a compact Riemann surface factors through a maximal rank homomorphism

I was reading the paper "Stable and Unitary vector bundles on a compact surface" by Narashiman and Seshadri.
I quote from the paper-
Can someone please explain how does any non-zero homomorphism ...

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251 views

### Holomorphic vector bundles over a Riemann surface does not satisfy $\mathbf{AB2}$ but satisfies $\mathbf{AB1}$

in Grothendieck's Tohoku paper (page 127), Grothendieck asserts that the category of holomorphic vector bundles $\mathbf{Bund}(X)$ over a fixed Riemann surface $X$ does not satisfy $\mathbf{AB2}$, but ...

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296 views

### searching for an elementary proof a complex analysis result

Given a function $ g $ entire on the whole complex plane $ C $, it is possible to find an entire function $f $ such that $ f(z+1) -f(z)=g(z) $. The proof can be given using riemann ...

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### Does every canonical decomposition of the intersection form come from a canonical homology basis?

Take a closed surface $X$ of genus $n$. By a canonical homology basis, I will mean a set of $2n$ homologically independent simple closed curves $\{\alpha_1,\ldots,\alpha_n,\beta_1,\ldots,\beta_n\}$, ...

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### some intuition about the degree of a map

Consider a map
$$ f: \Sigma \to X/\sigma,$$
where $\Sigma=\Sigma_g/\Omega$ is a quotient of a Riemann surface by an antiholomorphic involution,
$\sigma:X\to X$ is an antiholomorphic involution
of some ...

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130 views

### Is the structure constant additive on connected components?

Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $\mu$ a metric on it, which could be non-compact. Moreover let $\Delta_{\mu,\,M}$ be the Laplacian on $M$ induced by $\mu$ and $\mathrm{det}^*(\Delta_{\mu,\,M})$ its ...

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### Decomposition of the canonical flat connection on $\tilde M\times_{\rho} SL(n,\mathbb{C})$

I'm looking for a proof resp. reference for a statement of the following form:
Let $M$ be a compact Riemann surface, $\tilde M$ its universal covering, $\rho$ a semisimple representation of its ...

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### Is it possible to find $h$ hermitian metric such that $Isom_{h}(X) \cong Aut(X)$?

I suspect this is true for some class of analytic manifolds (Riemann surfaces maybe), but my knowledge in differential geometry is very poor, so I could not conclude it. For complex manifolds, is it ...

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668 views

### Spicing up Riemann surfaces course (revised)

I am a master's student planning to write a master's thesis on Riemann surfaces. I plan to study Forster's Lectures on Riemann surfaces. What side topics could one study to spice up the thesis? I am ...

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### Generators for the affine automorphism group of the octagon

Consider an octagon $O$ with opposite edges identified. Lemma 3.2.4 of (1) (subscription link) claims that the affine automorphism group of $O$ is generated by $D_8$ and the shear $\sigma$ such that, ...

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### A question for hyperbolic metric in the proof for Bohr's lemma

Recently I was reading an interesting proof for Bohr's lemma by the tool of hyperbolic metric, however I have a following question:
Given a holomorphic map $f$ on $D$, $f(0)=0$, and $|f|<1$ on ...

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268 views

### Etale covers of a hyperelliptic curve

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus at least two.
Let $Y\to X$ be a finite etale morphism with $Y$ connected.Then $Y$ is a smooth projective connected curve.
Is $Y$ hyperelliptic?
More ...

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114 views

### Uniform estimate for the Cauchy-Riemann equations on a hyperbolic Riemann surface

I have been trying to find the answer to this question in the literature, but have not succeeded. The question is as follows.
Suppose $X$ is a Riemann surface that admits a green's function (i.e. ...

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### Criterion for a subgroup of $PSL_2(\mathbb R)$ to be Fuchsian

Let $\Gamma$ be a finitely generated subgroup of $PSL_2(\mathbb R)$.
I'm looking for effective criteria (idealy necessary and sufficient but just necessary would be a good start) ensuring that ...

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265 views

### The Schottky group and the fundamental group of a compact Riemann surface

I am quoting the following description from a paper,
"...every compact Riemann surface can be obtained as the quotient $\mathbb{C}/\Gamma$ where $\Gamma$ is a Schottky group. The Schottky group of a ...

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### Uniformization of n-Sheeted surfaces

Consider a 3-sheeted Riemann surface without a Z_3 symmetry. The first and second sheets are sewn together at an interval (u1,v1), and the second and third are sewn at (u2,v2). This is a Riemann ...

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### tangent developable surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$

Let $C$ be a regular curve embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$ (i.e. a real 1-dimensional manifold embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$). Let $S$ be the union of its affine tangent lines:
$$S=\bigcup\limits_{p\in ...

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### Analogy between the nodal cubic curve $y^2=x^3+x^2$ and the ring $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-3}]$?

I'm trying to motivate a bit of algebraic geometry in an abstract algebra course (while simultaneously trying to learn a bit of algebraic geometry), and I thought that it might be nice to present an ...

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### Reference for homeomorphism between “analytic” compactification of $M_{g,n}$ and Deligne-Mumford compactification

There are several natural ways to endow the compactification of the space of
marked Riemann surfaces $M_{g,n}$ ($2g+n\geq 3$), with a topology, which is
defined using "differential geometric or ...

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### Riemann surfaces of $w^3 = (z-a)(z-b)(z-c)$

I've been playing around with Riemann surfaces of cubics, and it seems to me that all coverings of the Riemann sphere from equations of the form
$w^3 = q(z)$, where $q(z)$ is a cubic with three ...