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0
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0answers
44 views

Branches of the tetration function

Letting $\eta = e^{1/e}$ where $e$ is Euler's constant, there exists a function $F(z)=\, ^z \eta$ with the following relevant properties. (I won't bother showing the existence of this function, or the ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Field of moduli relative to a different extension

Let $X$ be a Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$ defined over $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{2})$. Let us consider the automorphism of $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{2})$, $$ ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Zeroes of global sections killed by differential operators

I asked this question some two weeks ago on StackExchange, but received no feedback of any sort ... Let $X$ be a compact connected Riemann surface and let $\Phi:M\rightarrow N$ be an elliptic ...
8
votes
0answers
153 views

Deformation of the covariant Laplacian

Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle (with compact structure group $G$). Fix a connection $A$ in $P$ and consider a nearby connection $B$, which is in Coulomb gauge ...
2
votes
0answers
141 views

Comparison of algebraic and analytic q-expansion

I would like to check that algebraic and analytic q-expansion of a modular form coincide. I'm thinking about modular forms as global sections of some sheaf on modular curves. If $X$ is a modular ...
17
votes
3answers
450 views

Gromov-Hausdorff limits of 2-dimensional Riemannian surfaces

Let $\{M_i\}$ be a sequence of 2-dimensional orientable closed surfaces of genus $g$ with smooth Riemannian metrics with the Gauss curvature at least $-1$ and diameter at most $D$. By the Gromov ...
4
votes
2answers
123 views

Classification of symmetries of tilings in surfaces?

Is there a general study of the symmetries of tilings on surfaces? Conway, Goodman-Strauss & Burgiel classified them on $\mathbb S^2, \mathbb R^2$ and $\mathbb H^2$, with their 'Magic Theorem'. ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

Embed a bordered Riemann surface into punctured Riemann surfaces?

Let $U$ be a bordered Riemann surface of genus $g$ with $n -1$ punctures and one hole (i.e., the border has one connected component). For any punctured Riemann surface $\Sigma$ of genus $g$ with $n$ ...
8
votes
2answers
309 views

The class of the diagonal in the symmetric product of a smooth curve

Let $C$ be a smooth curve of genus $g$, and let us consider its $d$-th symmetric product $\textrm{Sym}^d(C)$ and its Jacobian $J(C)$. Fixing a point $p_0 \in C,$ there are two maps $$u_d\colon C_d \to ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Lower bound for Hurwitz's automorphisms theorem

Let $\Sigma_g$ a closed Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 2$, then the cardinality of the orientation-preserving conformal automorphism is less than $84(g-1)$, and we have equality for an infinite ...
6
votes
2answers
158 views

Criterion for deciding the conformal class of a metric on a complete surface

For orientable closed Riemannian surfaces $(S,g)$, there is a constant curvature metric $\overline{g}$ on $S$ that is conformal to $g$ in the sense that $\overline{g} = e^ug$ for some smooth function ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Foliation by Umbilic Surfaces

Suppose $(M,g)$ is a simply connected 3 dimensional Riemannian Manifold which is a foliation by Umbilic surfaces. Can I make the claim that there exists a coordinate system $(x_1,x_2,x_3)$ in which ...
6
votes
1answer
238 views

Quotients of curves of genus $4$ by a free $\mathbb{Z}/ 3 \mathbb{Z}$-action

Let $V_2$ and $V_3$ be the two hypersurfaces of $\mathbb P^3$ defined by \begin{equation*} V_2:={x_2x_3 + r(x_0, \, x_1)=0}, \quad V_3:={x_2^3+x_3^3+s(x_0, \, x_1)=0}, \end{equation*} where $r, \, s ...
3
votes
1answer
169 views

Are there any non-trivial $G$-gerbes over the analytic space $\mathbb C$

Does there exist a finite (abstract) group $G$ and a non-trivial $G$-gerbe $\mathcal X\to \mathbb C$, where we work in the category of analytic stacks. My guess is that $G$-gerbes for $G$ an abelian ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

Given a curve $C$, does there exist a rational function on $C$ totally ramified at two given points?

Let $C$ be a smooth projective irreducible curve over $\mathbb C$. Let $x$ and $y$ be distinct points of $C$. We say that $f$ is totally ramified at a point $p$ if the ramification index of $p$ ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Moduli of stable bundles - analytic approach

Consider a compact Riemann surface $X$ of genus $\ge 2$, and consider the set $M$ of stable holomorphic vector bundles of rank $n$ and degree $d$ on $X$, up to isomorphism. At that point, one states ...
1
vote
2answers
182 views

Complex structure on a punctured torus giving a complex structure on the torus?

Can anyone provide an idea of the proof or a reference of the fact that a complex structure on the once punctured torus extends to one on the torus? In other words, the Teichmuller space of the ...
3
votes
0answers
101 views

Construction of algebraic curves using line bundles on graphs

In this paper http://arxiv.org/abs/0707.1309 Matthew Baker and Serguei Norine, construct a analogue of the Riemman Roch formula for Lineal Systems defined on graphs. In the paper ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Is every closed Sasakian 3-manifold a circle bundle on a Riemann surface?

It suffices to say that all circle bundles on compact Riemann surfaces admit the structure of a closed Sasakian 3-manifold. The question is, the converse of this statement and/or what are the ...
2
votes
3answers
260 views

Classification of open subset of $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ [closed]

There is a theorem which gives a classification of connected open sets of $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Unfortunately, I don't remember the correct statement, but it looks like this Theorem ? Let ...
24
votes
4answers
834 views

Deep/precise relationship between two approaches to FLT for polynomials, $n = 3$

David Speyer commented the following here. I saw Brian Conrad give an excellent one hour talk to undergraduates where he proved that there do not exist nonconstant, relatively prime, polynomials ...
7
votes
1answer
205 views

Frucht's type theorem for Riemann surface

Frucht's theorem is a theorem in algebraic graph theory conjectured by Dénes Kőnig in 1936 and proved by Robert Frucht in 1939. It states that every finite group is the group of symmetries of a finite ...
4
votes
2answers
181 views

Compact surface with arbitrarily large eigenvalue

Consider a compact surface $M$ with genus $\gamma \geq 2$ and fix a positive real number $V$. Is it known whether it is possible to produce a metric $g$ on the surface $M$ such that $(M. g)$ has ...
11
votes
1answer
185 views

Is there a proof of the uniformization theorem using circle packing?

In this paper: http://www.dm.unipi.it/~benedett/rodin-sullivan.pdf Rodin and Sullivan show that circle packings converge to the Riemann map. Later, Scharmm and He found another proof of the same ...
4
votes
2answers
130 views

Explicit constant terms of volumes of moduli spaces

In Simple geodesics and Weil-Petersson volumes of moduli spaces of bordered Riemann surfaces, Mirzakhani gave a recursive formula for WP volumes of moduli spaces $\mathcal{M}_{g,n}(L)$ of bordered ...
58
votes
1answer
2k views

Is there a complex surface into which every Riemann surface embeds?

This question was previously asked on Math SE. Every Riemann surface can be embedded in some complex projective space. In fact, every Riemann surface $\Sigma$ admits an embedding $\varphi : \Sigma ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Laplacian Spectra on Nearly Nodal Riemann Surfaces

Consider a family of complex curves ${\mathcal C} \to {\mathbb D}$ such that the central fibre is a nodal Riemann surface while other fibres are smooth Riemann surfaces. We choose a family of ...
2
votes
4answers
157 views

A question on Ahlfors covering surface

Given a transcendental entire function $f$, and three Jordan domains $D_1$, $D_2$, and $D_3$ such that the closures of the three Jordan domains do not intersect with each other. Then from Ahlfors ...
3
votes
3answers
199 views

Compact surfaces with arbitrary gaps in spectrum

Consider a sequence of positive numbers $a_n$. My question is, can we select a closed Riemann surface whose spectrum $\lambda_i$ satisfies the condition that $\lambda_{i + 1} - \lambda_i > a_i$? Of ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

Mapping class group of a punctured genus 0 surface

Let $T_{0,n}$ be the Teichmuller space of $n$-punctured genus $0$ Riemann surface, and $M_{0,n}$ the Moduli space (assume $n\geq 3$ and the punctures are numbered). What is the correct notion of the ...
2
votes
2answers
180 views

Finite orbits on an elliptic curve with two generic involutions

Let $C$ be a (very) general genus 1 curve embedded in $\mathbb{CP}^1\times \mathbb{CP}^1$ as a (2,2)-divisor. Each projection defines $C$ as a double cover of $\mathbb{CP}^1$ and induces an ...
15
votes
4answers
809 views

What are the possible automorphism groups of Riemann surfaces of low genus?

Skipping the easy cases of genus 0 and 1, what groups can arise as the group of conformal transformations of a Riemann surfaces of genus, say, 2 or 3? I'm frustrated because there are papers that ...
2
votes
3answers
172 views

Equivalence of Harmonic Maps and Conformal Maps on Genus-0 closed surfaces

By the uniformization theorem, for every genus-0 closed surface $\mathcal{M}\subset\mathbb{R}^3$, there is a conformal map $f:\mathcal{M}\rightarrow \mathbb{S}^2$. Furthermore consider the Dirichlet ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Is there an algorithm to compute the intersection of tautological classes on the moduli space of genus one curves?

Let $\overline{M}_{1,1}(\mathbb{P}^2, d) $ be the moduli space of degree $d$ genus one curves on $\mathbb{P}^2$ with one marked point. Let $L\longrightarrow \overline{M}_{1,1}(\mathbb{P}^2, d) $ ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Rational functions on hyperelliptic Riemann surface

Let $\mathcal R$ be an hyperelliptic Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 1$. Is it true that the only possible rational functions on $\mathcal R$ with $\leq g$ poles are the liftings of rational functions ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Uniqueness of Riemann Constant Vector Solution

Let $X$ be a compact, genus $g$ Riemann surface (given as the desingularization and compactification of a plane algebraic curve), $J(X)$ its Jacobian, and $A : X \to J(X)$ the Abel map $$A(P) = ...
2
votes
0answers
86 views

$\eta$-invariants of Riemann Surface

I am curious about a concrete computation of $\eta$-invariants for Riemann surface, e.g. Torus. Is there any nice review or notes talking about the computation? Or is it possible to express it as ...
0
votes
0answers
93 views

Conformal welding of annuli

This question is similar to that stated in Conformal Welding Reference: Let $\Sigma$ be a 1-dim compact connected complex manifold with boundary $\partial \Sigma= \partial\Sigma^+ \cup ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Can we foliate the anti-de sitter space in 3 dimensions by Riemann surfaces?

Can we foliate the anti-de sitter spacetime in 3 dimensions by hyperbolic Riemann surfaces? -- I think this is possible, but got stuck at finding the particular projective mapping that does this. Can ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

criterion for a differential of the third kind to be a logarithmic derivative of a function

Let $X$ be a compact Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 1$. If $f$ is a meromorphic function on $X$ then, the meromorphic differential $\omega=\frac{df}{f}$ is a differential of the third kind with ...
5
votes
1answer
235 views

How to get a polygon from a translation surface $(X,\omega)$

Let $S_g$ be a compact topological surface of genus $g$. I know there is the correspondence $\{$Abelian differentials on compact Riemann surfaces of genus g$\}\leftrightarrow\{$ Translation surfaces ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Can every hyperelliptic genus 3 surface be minimally immersed in flat $T^3$

Every minimally immersed genus 3 surface in flat $T^3$ must be hyperelliptic, as the Gauss map gives the degree 2 covering map. How about the converse of this problem? The only thing I can find is ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Decomposition of a closed surface

I know that I can decompose an hyperbolic closed surface of genus $g>1$ into $2(g−1)$ pants bounded by $3$ geodesics. It seems reasonable to think the same can be done for a closed surface of genus ...
5
votes
2answers
105 views

Equivalence of Definitions of Quasiconformal Surfaces?

I have been reading John H. Hubbard's book Teichmüller Theory vol. 1 and I am a little bit concerned with his definition of Quasiconformal Surface. Definition: A Quasiconformal surface $S$ is a ...
3
votes
2answers
241 views

What are the easiest examples of irreducible, but not big, monodromy representations

Let $\rho: \pi_1(S,s_0) \to GL(V)$ be the monodromy representation associated to a local system of $\mathbb Q$-modules $\mathbb V$ with $\mathbb V_{s_0} = V$. Let $H$ be the Zariski closure of the ...
31
votes
5answers
3k views

Maryam Mirzakhani's works

Maryam Mirzakhani has made several contributions to the theory of moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces. Mirzakhani was awarded the Fields Medal in 2014 for "her outstanding contributions to the dynamics ...
5
votes
1answer
406 views

Structure of the automorphism group of a Riemann surface

I was wondering if anything is known about the possible structure of $\mathrm{Aut}(S)$ for a Riemann surface $S$. More precisely, are there known obstructions for a finite group $G$ to be such an ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Torsion elements in the mapping class group

Let $S$ be an orientable surface of genus $g$ with $b>0$ boundary components, and let $\mathrm{Mod}(S)$ be its mapping class group, that is, the group of isotopy classes of its homeomorphisms ...
5
votes
1answer
156 views

Translation surfaces & integer multiples of $\pi$

Richard Schwartz, in Mostly Surfaces (Vol. 60. American Mathematical Soc., 2011), defines (on p.14) a translation surface as "a Euclidean cone surface, all of whose 'angle errors' are integer ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

An explicit description of the Torelli spaces of pointed genus 2 Riemann surfaces

In [N], there is a nice and very explicit description of the Torelli space ${\rm Tor}_{1,n}$ of $n$-pointed elliptic curves, for any $n\geq 1$: $$ {\rm Tor}_{1,n}=\left\{ \big(\tau, ...