**2**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Are all zeros of $\xi(a\,s) \pm \xi\left(a\,(1-s)\right)$ on the critical line for $\forall a \in \mathbb{R}/0$?

This question expands on this one and seems to have a stronger result.
Take the Riemann $\xi$-function $\xi(s) =\frac12 s\,(s-1) \,\pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\, \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s)$. We ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Are the complex zeros of $\zeta\left(\frac{s}{a}\right) \pm \zeta\left(\frac{1-s}{a}\right)$ all on the critical line for $a \lt 0, a \ge 1$?

With $s \in \mathbb{C}, a \in \mathbb{R}$,
numerical evidence strongly suggests that the complex zeros in the critical strip of:
$$\zeta\left(\frac{s}{a}\right) \pm ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

246 views

### Is there a hidden symmetry in the prime numbers distribution?

Under Goldbach's conjecture, let's consider once again the map $r_0\colon n\mapsto r_{0}(n)$ such that $r_{0}(n)$ is the smallest non negative integer $r$ such that both $n-r$ and $n+r$ are prime.
...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

226 views

### Do all complex zeros in the strip of $\frac{\zeta(s)}{\Gamma(s)} - \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$ lie on the critical line?

Numerical evidence suggests that the complex zeros of:
$$f(s):=\frac{\zeta(s)}{\Gamma(s)} - \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$$
all reside on the line $\Re(s)=\frac12$, except for a finite few outside ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### Prime Number Theorem on APs under various conjectures

I'm trying to find the best asymptotic expansions for $\pi(x; a, q)$ in various states:
Unconditionally we have
\begin{equation}
\pi(x; a, q) = \frac{\operatorname{li(x)}}{\phi(q)} + O\left(x ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

181 views

### Possible weakening of Robins criterion for RH

I hope 2015 doesn't start with gross nonsense question for me.
Robins equivalence for RH is
$$ \frac{\sigma(n)}{n \log\log n} < e^{\gamma}\qquad(1)$$
for $n \ge 5041$. We have
$ \limsup ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

551 views

### Application of the Riemann hypothesis and the ABC conjecture to independence results

In Old Home Page of Andreas Weiermann Andreas Weiermann has stated the following:
Quite recently I submitted a preprint about an application of the Riemann hypothesis and the ABC conjecture to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

121 views

### Except for a finite few outside the strip, do all complex zeros of $\zeta(a+s)\pm \zeta(a+1-s)$ reside on the critical line for all $a\lt 0$?

Assume $a \in \mathbb{R}$ and $s \in \mathbb{C}$.
Numerical evidence suggests that all complex zeros, except for a finite few outside the strip, of:
$$\zeta(a+s)\pm \zeta(a+1-s)$$
lie on the line ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

196 views

### Cesaro summation of a particular Dirichlet series associated with $\zeta(s)$

If you've investigated the error in Perron's formula in general, you've probably noticed that Cesaro summation $$\lim_{x\rightarrow\infty}\sum_{n\leq x} \left(1-\frac{\log n}{\log ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

85 views

### Are all complex zeros of $Li_s(i)\, + \, Li_{1-\overline{s}}\,(-i)$ equal to the $\rho$'s?

Take the well known square relationship for polylogarithms:
$$Li_s(z)\, + \, Li_{s}(-z)=2^{1-s}Li_s(z^2)$$
Assume $z=i$:
$$Li_s(i)\, + \, Li_{s}(-i)=2^{1-s}Li_s(-1)=-2^{1-s}\,\eta(s)$$
with ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### Are all complex zeros of $Li_s(z)\, \pm \, Li_{1-s}(z)$ on the critical line or outside the critical strip for $z \le -1$?

This question loosely builds on this one, however is a bit simpler and I found the results to be more robust.
It seems that all zeros in the critical strip $0 \lt \Re(s) < 1$ of:
$$Li_s(z)\, \pm ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

231 views

### Are all complex zeros of $\frac{\Gamma(s)}{z}Li_s(z) \, \pm \, \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{z}Li_{1-s}(z)$ on the critical line for all $z \lt 1$?

Numerical evidence suggests that all complex zeros residing in the critical strip $0 < \Re(s) < 1$ of:
$$\frac{\Gamma(s)}{z}Li_s(z) \, \pm \, \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{z}Li_{1-s}(z)$$
are on the ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

123 views

### Asymptotics and error terms for an arithmetic function built upon $\omega$ and $\Omega$ functions

For any real number $x$, let's define $Om_{k}(x)$ as the number of positive integers $m$ below $x$ such that $\Omega(m)-\omega(m)=k$, where $\omega(n)$ is the number of distinct primes dividing $n$, ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

369 views

### Is SOC known to imply the Grand Riemann Hypothesis? [closed]

I'm currently working on a conditional proof of the Grand Riemann Hypothesis, which is based on the assumption that every field automorphism of $\mathbb{C}$ that commutes with an element of the ...

**24**

votes

**1**answer

813 views

### How strong is this conjecture? $(Z/nZ)^*$ is generated by “small” elements

Conjecture: There are constants $c,k$ such that every $(Z/nZ)^*$ is generated by its elements smaller than $k (\log n)^c$.
Where $(Z/nZ)^*$ is the multiplicative group of integers mod $n$. My ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### A Hadamard product of the zeros of the Riemann integral. Does it put any constraints on where the $\rho$'s can reside in the critical strip?

I have deleted a previous, now obsolete question on the same topic.
Take the well-known Riemann integral:
$$\displaystyle \pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\,\Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s) ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Is there anything known about the complex zeros of this integral related to $\zeta(s)$?

The right-hand side of the well known equation:
$$\displaystyle \pi^\frac{-s}{2}\,\Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s) =\int_1^{\infty} \left({x}^{\frac{s}{2}} + ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

241 views

### A convergence issue [Edited]

Let $\{x_n\}_{n=1}^\infty$ be a sequence of vectors in a Hilbert space $$l^2_{k^{-2}}:=\{z=\{z(k)\}_{k=1}^\infty:\sum\limits_{k=1}^\infty z(k)^2k^{-2}<\infty\}.$$ It is known that for some $x\in ...

**37**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### Are the primes normally distributed? Or is this the Riemann hypothesis?

Forgive my very naive question. I know next to nothing about number theory, but I'm curious about the state of the art on the distribution of primes.
Let $\mathrm{Li}(x)$ be the offset logarithmic ...

**23**

votes

**1**answer

977 views

### How good is “almost all” when it comes to the Riemann Hypothesis?

Let $N(T)$ be the number of zeroes of the Riemann zeta function $\zeta$ having imaginary part strictly between $0$ and $T$, and let $N_0(T)$ be the number of those zeroes that also have real part ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

341 views

### Reference and best bounds of $\sum_{n\leq x}\frac{\mu(n)}{n}$

Could someone please provide information about the best possible known bounds of the sum $$A(x)=\sum_{n\leq x}\frac{\mu(n)}{n}?$$ Unconditionally, $A(x)=O(e^{-c\sqrt{\log x}})$ is known to me. Does ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

411 views

### The implicit constant in GRH

One particularity of the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis seems to deserve some clarification. In particular, what is included in the commonly accepted version of the conjecture?
GRH states that
...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

444 views

### Would Elliott-Halberstam conjecture follow from GRH?

The Wikipedia article about Elliott-Halberstam (EH for short) conjecture says that the so-called Bombieri-Vinogradov theorem, which is a weaker form of EH conjecture, is in some sense an averaged form ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### definition of accretive operator

A relation T with domain and range in a Hilbert space is said to be accretive if the
transformation $ (T − \lambda)/(T + \bar \lambda\ ) $
with domain and range in the Hilbert space is contractive for ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

993 views

### Questions on de Branges' work on the Riemann hypothesis

According to Wikipedia, Louis de Branges de Bourcia has obtained some notable
results, such as a proof of the Bieberbach conjecture in 1985, which is now
known as de Branges' theorem. Initially, his ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Is RH equivalent to the following estimate?

This question is a follow up from About Goldbach's conjecture and comes from what I read about the Farey series related criterion for RH.
Let $r_{k}(n)$ be the $k+1$-th potential typical primality ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

594 views

### On extended Riemann Hypothesis and coefficients of Selberg Class L-functions

There is the conjecture that Selberg Class L-functions satisfy RH.
So that an L-function needs to have its coefficient multiplicatives (plus other conditions: functional equation,...) in order to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

321 views

### On link between Riemann hypothesis and partial GRH

Is there a way to show that if the Riemann hypothesis holds for Dirichlet L-function associated to primitive Dirichlet character (excluding trivial character $\chi(1)$ which could be qualified of ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Does this infinite sum provide a new analytic continuation for $\zeta(s)$?

It is well known that the infinite sum:
$$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^s}$$
only converges for $\Re(s)>1$.
The Dirichlet 'alternating' sum:
$$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

478 views

### Are the zeros of the sum/difference of these integrals all on the critical line?

The answers given to the question whether all zeros in the critical strip of $\zeta(s)\pm\zeta(1-s)$ lie on the critical line, suggest that this can indeed be proven, however only for those zeros ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

618 views

### Sufficient condition for Riemann Hypothesis?

Is there an L-function ($L_s=\sum_{n =1}^{\infty} \frac{a_n}{n^s}$) having a functional equation coming from a relation of the type [1]:
$\sum_{n =1}^{\infty} a_n \; e^{-2\pi nx}= \frac{A}{x^k} ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

727 views

### Riemann hypothesis and Kakeya needle problem

The question may be a bit vague. I noticed an analogy that both Riemann hypothesis and Kakeya needle problem has been proved in finite fields. Can somebody shed light on why finite field analogues are ...

**43**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### What if the Riemann Hypothesis were false?

There are lots of known and interesting consequences of the Riemann Hypothesis being true. Are there any known and interesting consequences of the Riemann Hypothesis being false?

**7**

votes

**1**answer

974 views

### A reformulation of the Riemann Hypothesis

I am studying Sieve theory from Iwaniec's notes. I have come across a theorem which estimates $\varphi(x,N)=\#\{1\leq n \leq x:(n,N)=1\}$, where $N$ is product of distinct primes.
Let's define ...

**43**

votes

**5**answers

4k views

### Quasicrystals and the Riemann Hypothesis

Let $0 < k_1 < k_2 < k_3 < \cdots $ be all the zeros of the Riemann zeta function on the critical line:
$$ \zeta(\frac{1}{2} + i k_j) = 0 $$
Let $f$ be the Fourier transform of the sum ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

388 views

### Heuristic for Montgomery's conjecture

This is my third question on this site regarding Montgomery's conjecture -- and I apologize
if this is too much -- but I am still not understanding well why this conjecture is believed to be true.
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### Estimate on the prime-counting function $\psi(x)$.

There is an elementary statement that I believe I have read somewhere, but I can't remember where. I'd like to know if the statement is correct (in which case it is surely standard) and if so, where I ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

724 views

### Effective Chebotarev without Artin's conjecture

Iwaniec and Kowalski, in their famous book Analytic Number Theory states a strong form
of the effective Chebotarev density theorem page 143, and prove it assuming both GRH for Artin's $L$-function and ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

528 views

### Best bounds toward Serre's uniformity conjecture

If $E$ is a non-CM elliptic curve over $Q$, then it is a famous theorem of Serre
that there is some integer $M(E)$ such that for any prime $\ell > M(E)$, the image of the
Galois representations ...

**47**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Are there refuted analogues of the Riemann hypothesis?

The classical Riemann Hypothesis has famous analogues for function fields and finite fields which have been proved. It has by now very many analogues, many of them still open. Are there important ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

394 views

### Mertens function limits using $\phi+2$n

As we can see in the plot below, Mertens function: $M(x)\equiv \sum_{n=1}^{x}\mu(n)$ has wild swings from positive to negative and back again.
When we use: $$x=\frac{1}{2+\frac{1}{\phi+2}}\text{, ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Good uses of Siegel zeros?

The short version of my question goes: What is known to follow from the existence of Siegel zeros?
A longer version to give an idea of what I have in mind: The "expectional zeros" of course first ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

464 views

### Is there a connection between the closed forms of these two infinite products?

Take the following two infinite products that have closed forms.
Assume: $\gamma_n > 0 \in \mathbb{R};s,a,x \in \mathbb{C}; x \ne 0,a \pm ix\gamma_n \ne 0$
The first product:
$$\displaystyle ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

307 views

### Equivalence of two well-known forms of (RH): reference-request.

This is a reference-request about a very simple statement.
The Riemann hypothesis is well-known to be equivalent to
$$(1)\ \ \ \pi(x) = \mathrm{Li}(x)+O(x^{1/2} \log x)$$
and to
$$(2)\ \ ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

263 views

### On the location of zeros of L functions from modular forms

I understand that the Mellin transform of a modular form is expected to satisfy RH when it is an eigenform of all Hecke operators, in which case it has an Euler product. Now about when the form is not ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

579 views

### A closed form of infinite products of complex zeros involving $\Im(\rho_n)$. Does a proof of this closed form imply RH?

Building on this question scaling the imaginary part of $\rho$s in infinite products, I like to conjecture that:
$$\displaystyle \prod_{n=1}^\infty \left(1- \frac{s}{\mu_n} \right) \left(1- ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

917 views

### Is there a Montgomery's conjecture for Dirichlet characters and Artin representations ?

Edit: as GH noticed, the way I tried to state Montgomery's conjecture is wrong. There were some mistakes in the references I used, which compounded with some mistakes of mine, gave a very poor post. ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

453 views

### What happens to $\zeta(s)$ when all its $\Im(\rho_n)$ are “scaled” linearly?

I found that the following infinite product with $\mu = a +n b i$ and a,b real, $s \in \mathbb{C}$:
$$\displaystyle \prod_{n=1}^\infty \left(1- \frac{s}{\mu} \right) \left(1- \frac{s}{1-\mu} ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

321 views

### $\zeta(2k+1)$ expressed in a product of two infinite products of non-trivial zeros.

Take the Hadamard product for $\zeta(s)$:
$$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \pi^{\frac{s}{2}} \dfrac{\prod_\rho \left(1- \frac{s}{\rho} \right) \left(1- \frac{s}{1-\rho} ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### The influence of $\chi(s)$ on complex zeros of $\frac{\zeta(\overline{s})}{\zeta(1-s)} \pm \frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-\overline{s})}$

I was exploring the formula:
$$g(s)_{\pm} := \displaystyle \frac{\zeta(\overline{s})}{\zeta(1-s)} \pm \frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-\overline{s})}$$
and found that for all $\Re(s) \ne \frac12$:
...