# Tagged Questions

The general enterprise of calibrating the strength of classical mathematical theorems in terms of the axioms, typically of set existence, needed to prove them; originated in its modern form in the 1970s by H. Friedman and S. G. Simpson (see R.A. Shore, "Reverse Mathematics: The Playground of Logic", ...

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### Proof-theoretic ordinals after liberalizing induction to $RCA_0$

This is kind of a follow-up to this question. For a class $\Gamma$ of second-order formulas (here either $\Sigma_n^0$ or $\Sigma_n^1$), let $X\Gamma$ be a formal theory consisting of $RCA_0$ together ...
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### What is known about the reverse mathematics of algebraic number fields?

I know work on the reverse mathematics of countable algebraic field extensions including Galois theory, notably including Dorais, Hirst, and Shafer http://arxiv.org/pdf/1209.4944v2.pdf. But algebraic ...
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### Reverse mathematics strength of identically zero polynomials are the zero polynomial

According to wikipedia, the statement "every polynomial over a countable field that is not the zero polynomial has only finitely many roots" is equivalent to RCA0 over RCA0* (which is called ERCA-0 in ...
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### “Hard” separation results in reverse mathematics (or similar)

This is a fairly broad question. In particular, I specify 5 questions (Q1, Q2.1, Q2.2, Q3, Q4) which for me all fall under one umbrella. Since this is unreasonably broad, I'm really interested in an ...
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### Strength of claims about extensions of partial preorders and orders to linear ones

Consider these two axioms: Every partial order extends to a linear order. Every partial preorder (reflexive and transitive relation) extends to a linear preorder while preserving strict orderings: i....
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### What is known of the reverse math of Riemann-Roch?

I hope this is not too trivial, but I think this may be well known to someone (not me).
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### Fragments of Morse—Kelley set theory

Morse—Kelley set theory (hereafter MK) is the impredicative counterpart of von Neumann—Bernays—Gödel set theory (NBG), where formulas containing class quantifiers are permitted in the comprehension ...
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### Non-Computational classical subterms

Assume we have a proof term of the form $(a^{A\rightarrow^c B\rightarrow^{nc} C}b^Ac^B)^C$, where $c$ is classical (that is, contains free instances of duplex negatio affirmat). The extracted term ...
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### Is there a model of ZF+ACC where transfer fails for the definable hyperreals?

A decade ago Kanovei and Shelah constructed a definable hyperreal field. The ultrapower used exploits a fairly large index set so that it is clear that the usual proof of Los and transfer does not go ...
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### Circular reasoning in proof of bounded comprehension

Theorems II.3.7 and II.3.9 in Simpson's Subsystems of Second-Order Arithmetic appear to be circular. Specifically, theorem II.3.7 seems to make implicit use of theorem II.3.9. [Theorem II.3.9 is the ...
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### What is the role of the (formalized) omega rule in Ramified Analysis?

In the 1960's, Feferman and Schutte did groundbreaking proof-theoretic work to find out the strength of predicative systems of second-order arithmetic. They used the ramified theory of types, a ...