The relation-algebra tag has no usage guidance.

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### Group associated to the monoid $({\cal P}(X\times X), \circ)$

Consider the set ${\cal P}(X\times X)$. It can be endowed with a binary operation $\circ$ where
$$A\circ B = \{(a,b)\in X\times X:\exists z\in X((a,z)\in A\land (z,b)\in B)\}.$$
Note that ...

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### The relation on the set of functions

Let $\varphi: \mathbb{R}^{2} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a symmetric (not necessarily continuous) function (so, $\varphi(x,y)=\varphi(y,x)$ $\forall (x,y)\in \mathbb{R}^{2}$),
let $\mathcal{F}$ be the set of ...

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### Categories with binary relations as objects

For the category of functions, pairs of functions making commutative diagrams are the canonical morphisms $\alpha:f\rightarrow g$. For binary relations there is an alternative, to consider the ...

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### Why is Set, and not Rel, so ubiquitous in mathematics?

The concept of relation in the history of mathematics, either consciously or not, has always been important: think of order relations or equivalence relations.
Why was there the necessity of singling ...

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### Why is a UNION operation independent in relational algebra?

Why is a set union operation independent in relational algebra? Why it cannot by expressed by the other four basic operations (selection, projection, cartesian product and difference)? What kind of ...

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### Substitution semiring?

Let G be a [ CF ] grammar, and let elements of semiring be sets of rules.
Define multiplication as:
$$ x\otimes y = \{ t| \exists r \in x \exists s \in y (t=subst(r,s))\} $$
where $subst(r,s)$ ...

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### Calculus of Binary Relations

I was reading "Origins of the Calculus of Binary Relations" by Vaughan Pratt where he says "it consists of two components, a logical or static component and a relative or dynamic component" but it ...