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34
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0answers
1k views

What does the theta divisor of a number field know about its arithmetic?

This question is about a remark made by van der Geer and Schoof in their beautiful article "Effectivity of Arakelov divisors and the theta divisor of a number field" (from '98) (link). Let me first ...
28
votes
0answers
1k views

Shortest closed curve to inspect a sphere

Let $S$ be a sphere in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Let $C$ be a closed curve in $\mathbb{R}^3$ disjoint from and exterior to $S$ which has the property that every point $x$ on $S$ is visible to some point $y$ of ...
20
votes
0answers
770 views

Godel on recursion-theoretic hierarchies

At the end of his excellent article, "The Emergence of Descriptive Set Theory" (http://math.bu.edu/people/aki/2.pdf), Kanamori writes: "Another mathematical eternal return: Toward the end of his ...
19
votes
0answers
411 views

The oriented homeomorphism problem for Haken 3-manifolds

Haken famously described an algorithm to solve the homeomorphism problem for the 3-manifolds that bear his name (fleshed out by many others, including Hemion and Matveev who fixed some gaps). But ...
19
votes
0answers
497 views

Is there a Mathieu groupoid M_31?

I have read something which said that the large amount of common structure between the simple groups $SL(3,3)$ and $M_{11}$ indicated to Conway the possibility that the Mathieu groupoid $M_{13}$ might ...
18
votes
0answers
593 views

The most important facts, modern surveys, and readable introductions to p-adic cohomology theories (crystalline cohomology and the mysterious functor)

I would like to organize a seminar on crystalline cohomology; I dream of understanding the Beilinson's recent paper on the mysterious functor ...
18
votes
0answers
636 views

local equivalence of loop group representations

Let $G$ be a compact, simple, connected, simply connected (cscsc) Lie group, and let its smooth loop group $LG:=C^\infty(S^1,G)$. Given an interval $I\subset S^1$, we have the local loop group $$ L_IG ...
18
votes
0answers
1k views

What are the possible singular fibers of an elliptic fibration over a higher dimensional base?

An elliptic fibration is a proper morphism $Y\rightarrow B$ between varieties such that the fiber over a general point of the base $B$ is a smooth curve of genus one. It is often required for the ...
17
votes
0answers
466 views

categorical characterization of large cardinals

Question 1. Is there a categorical representation of Kunen's inconsistency result? Question 2. Is there a categorical characterization of very large cardinals (in particular for strong and ...
17
votes
0answers
625 views

Pre-triangulated category that isn't triangulated

I've been working through some of the early parts of Neeman's book on triangulated categories, and he mentions that he does not know of a pre-triangulated category that is not triangulated. Is this ...
16
votes
0answers
890 views

Two conjectures by Gabber on Brauer and Picard groups

In a paper I need to make reference to 2 conjectures by Gabber (see Conjectures 2 and 3, page 1975) http://www.mfo.de/programme/schedule/2004/32/OWR_2004_37.pdf 1) Let $R$ be a strictly henselian ...
15
votes
0answers
247 views

Quasi-classical limit of representation theory

I am looking for a good reference on a general phenomenon of quasi-classical limit in representation theory, which relates "large" representations to measures on (co-adjoint orbits of) the associated ...
15
votes
0answers
330 views

Are there “chain complexes” and “homology groups” taking values in pairs of topological spaces?

Throughout this question, notation of the form $(X,A)$ denotes a sufficiently nice pair of topological spaces. I think for most of what I'm saying here, it is enough to assume that the inclusion $A ...
15
votes
0answers
460 views

Characteristic Classes for $E_8$ Bundles

Given a principal $E_8$ bundle $P\rightarrow X$ one can take the adjoint representation $\rho :E_8\rightarrow SU(\mathbb C^{248})$ and form the associated vector bundle $V=P\times_{\rho}\mathbb ...
14
votes
0answers
386 views
+200

Explicit path in the unitary group of a $C^*$-algebra

For $G$ a discrete group, there is a canonical inclusion $g\mapsto u_g$ of $G$ into the unitary group of the reduced $C^*$-algebra $C^*_r(G)$. Denote by $[u_g]$ the class of $u_g$ in the (topological) ...
14
votes
0answers
362 views

Erdos-Kac for squarefree numbers

In its usual form, the Erdos-Kac Theorem states that if $f(n) : \mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a strongly additive function with $|f(p)| \le 1$ for all primes $p$, then $$\frac{\\#\{n \le x : ...
13
votes
0answers
380 views

An open problem in convex geometry

Is it possible to find four norms $\| \cdot\|_k$ $( 1 \leq k \leq 4)$ on the plane such that a three-dimensional normed space containing four subspaces isometric to these normed planes does not exist? ...
13
votes
0answers
206 views

Shortest Casson tower containing a slice disk for the attaching curve

A Casson tower is obtained as follows: Start with a properly immersed disk in $\mathbb{B}^4$ - a regular neighborhood of such a disk is called a kinky handle. The boundary of the core disk ...
13
votes
0answers
348 views

Any references on zeta-function like sums of inverse determinants over lattices of matrices?

I'm sorry for the title, it was little difficult to phrase.. Let us consider a matrix lattice $L\subset M_n(\mathbb{C})$. By this I mean a discrete additive group in $M_n(\mathbb{C})$. Let us ...
13
votes
0answers
491 views

How much has been written down about Deligne's geometric approach to the order formula for a finite group of Lie type?

This is a follow-up to a recent mathoverflow question 34387 about computing the orders of finite unitary groups and the comments made there. Between 1955 (Chevalley's Tohoku paper) and 1968 ...
12
votes
0answers
248 views

Relation Between Truncated Braid Groups and Regular Tilings of the Complex and Hyperbolic Plane

This is perhaps a vague question, but hopefully there exists literature on the subject. The question is motivated by an answer I gave to this question on math.SE. There exists a rather remarkable ...
12
votes
0answers
216 views

Which p-adic algebraic groups are type I?

It was proved by Jacques Dixmier (Sur les représentations unitaires des groupes de Lie algébriques, Annales de l'institut Fourier, 7 (1957), p. 315-328, doi: 10.5802/aif.73, MR 20 #5820 , Zbl ...
12
votes
0answers
230 views

For how many primes does an elliptic curve over a totally imaginary field have supersingular reduction?

An elliptic curve over a finite field, $k$, of characteristic p is called supersingular if it has no $p$-torsion over $k^{\mathrm{alg}}$, or equivalently, if $\mathrm{End}(E)$ is an order in a ...
12
votes
0answers
303 views

Complex manifold which is algebraic away from codimension \ge 2

If $X$ is a complex manifold and $Z$ is a closed subset of codimension $\ge 2$ such that $X-Z$ has an algebraic structure, then is $X$ algebraic; i.e. a scheme? If not is $X$ an algebraic space? ...
12
votes
0answers
3k views

Deligne's letter to Jean-Pierre Serre

I'm looking for another letter of Pierre Deligne, this time to Jean-Pierre Serre (from around 1974 I think), in which he proves that the Galois representation associated to a certain Hecke eigenform ...
12
votes
0answers
1k views

Tanh version of a Fourier Transform?

I am trying to perform some computations in an environment where it is much easier to compute the hyperbolic tangent function (tanh) than cosines or sines. This prevents me from performing Fourier ...
12
votes
0answers
1k views

Infinite convex combinations in a Banach space

Let's say that a subset $C$ of a Banach space $X$ is $\sigma$-convex if the following property holds: For any sequence $(x_k)_{k\ge0}$ in $C$, and for any sequence of non-negative real numbers ...
12
votes
0answers
486 views

References for a certain generalization of Hochschild cohomology?

Let $C$ be an algebra. Let $E = C^{\otimes 2n}$ be the tensor product (over the ground field) of $2n$ copies of $C$. [EDIT: Or better, $E = C\otimes C^{op}\otimes C\otimes C^{op}\cdots\otimes C ...
11
votes
0answers
137 views

Entropy in elimination theory, or a brief remark by Gelfand-Kapranov-Zelevinsky

In the introduction to their book "Discriminants, resultants and multidimensional determinant", the authors state a very intriguing observation concerning the coefficients of monomials appearing in ...
11
votes
0answers
334 views

Singular chains generated by manifolds with corners — does it really work?

Usually we define singular homology via the complex of singular chains: $$C_\ast(X)=\bigoplus_{n\geq 0}\mathbb Z\langle\sigma:\Delta^n\to X\rangle$$ where the right hand side denotes the free abelian ...
11
votes
0answers
440 views

Probability a random Toeplitz matrix is singular

Consider Toeplitz matrices where the entries in the first row and column (which define the whole matrix) are independently chosen to be either $1$ or $0$ with probability $1/2$. Define $p_n$ to be the ...
11
votes
0answers
237 views

Has Cheeger's 'de Rham cohomology' of metric measure spaces been studied beyond its definition?

In J. Cheeger's 'Differentiability of Lipschitz Functions on Metric Measure Spaces' (Geometric and Functional Analysis, 1999, Vol. 9 pp 428-517, see here), a 'de Rham cohomology group' ...
11
votes
0answers
332 views

Source of a formula for tensor product multiplicities?

This is a follow-up to a recent question by Allen Knutson here, involving a special type of tensor product multiplicity for a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ over $\mathbb{C}$ (or other ...
11
votes
0answers
317 views

Drawings of complete graphs with $Z(n)$ crossings

Hill conjectured that the minimum number of crossings in a drawing of the complete graph $K_n$ in the plane is exactly $$Z(n) = \frac{1}{4} \bigg\lfloor\frac{n}{2}\bigg\rfloor ...
11
votes
0answers
472 views

What's known about the mod 2 reduction of the level l Jacobi modular equation?

Motivation: Let $\ell$ be an odd prime. Let $A$ in ${\mathbb Z}/2[[x]]$ be $x+x^9+x^{25}+x^{49}+...$, and $B=A(x^\ell)$. One can use the level $\ell$ Jacobi modular equation to get a polynomial ...
11
votes
0answers
596 views

Compact Symplectic Fano (strongly monotone) manfiolds

What are known examples of compact symplectic Fano manifolds, apart from those that come from algebraic geometry? We define symplectic Fano manifold as a symplectic manifold $(M,w)$, such that ...
10
votes
0answers
122 views

Maximality of linear orders in the Keisler order on theories

Recently Malliaris and Shelah (see their preprint http://math.uchicago.edu/~mem/Malliaris-Shelah-CST.pdf) have shown that theories with $SOP_2$ are maximal in the Keisler order. A preceding result of ...
10
votes
0answers
301 views

Characterization of Fréchet-Urysohn spaces using sequential continuity at a point

A map $f \colon X \to Y$ is called sequentially continuous at the point $a$ if for every sequence $(x_n)$ such that $x_n\to a$, we also have $f(x_n)\to f(a)$. $$x_n\to a \qquad \Rightarrow \qquad ...
10
votes
0answers
321 views

A question about multiplication in $G(\mathbb{C}((t)))$ and Affine Grassmannians

I am sorry to give a bounty to such a crappy question but an answer would help me a lot. I am stuck with the following simple (i guess but) technical problem. Let $G$ be a complex reductive ...
10
votes
0answers
269 views

The mod 3 reduction of some powers of delta

Let f in Z/3[[x]] be the mod 3 reduction of the Fourier expansion of the normalized weight 12 cusp form delta for the full modular group. The exponents appearing in f are all 1 mod 3. Fix k>0 and ...
10
votes
0answers
349 views

The derived category of integral representations of a Dynkin quiver.

Let $Q$ be a Dynkin quiver. Let $\mathbb CQ$ be its complex path algebra. It is defined in a way such that modules over $\mathbb CQ$ are the same as representations of the quiver $Q$. Let's write ...
10
votes
0answers
190 views

A slightly generalized existence and uniqueness theorem for integral equations (reference request)

I want to use the following statement without including the proof, which is completely straightforward but rather tedious: Let $G_0:\mathbb R\times\mathbb R^m\to\mathbb R^m$, $\Theta_0:\mathbb ...
10
votes
0answers
550 views

Quotients of Measurable Spaces?

Let $(\Omega,\Sigma)$ be a measurable space and $\Pi$ be a partition of $\Omega$. There is a projection $\pi:\Omega\to\Pi$ that maps each $\omega\in\Omega$ to the unique partition cell in $\Pi$ ...
10
votes
0answers
340 views

Reconstruction Conjecture and Partial 2-trees

Reconstruction conjecture says that graphs (with at least three vertices) are determined uniquely by their vertex deleted subgraphs. This conjecture is five decades old. Searching relevant ...
9
votes
0answers
230 views

Cohomology and impossible figures

In connection with the MO question Occurrences of (co)homology in other disciplines and/or nature I recalled Roger Penrose's “On the cohomology of impossible figures": ...
9
votes
0answers
107 views

Decay rate of measures on Cantor set

I've read that Kahane and Salem show that if $\mu$ is any measure supported on the ternary Cantor set, then $\hat{\mu}(\xi) \not\to 0$ as $|\xi| \to \infty$, however I have been unable to find a ...
9
votes
0answers
298 views

Does this metric have an official name? Lévy metric? Ky Fan metric?

Let $X$ and $Y$ be random variables taking values in a separable metric space $(S,d)$. The metric I have in mind is $$\rho(X,Y) = \mathbb{E}[\min\{d(X,Y),1\}]$$ if $X$ and $Y$ take values in the a ...
9
votes
0answers
192 views

differentiating positive energy LG reps

Background:Let $G$ be a cscsc¹ Lie group, and let $\widetilde{LG}$ be the universal central extension (center = $S^1$) of $LG:=Map_{C^\infty}(S^1,G)$, with the topology inherited from the $C^\infty$ ...
9
votes
0answers
149 views

Ising model - phase transition vs rapid mixing

Consider a graph $G=(V,E)$ and Ising model on that graph, i.e. configuration space is $\Omega=${$-1,+1$}$^V$ and energy of a configuration $s \in \Omega$ is given by: $H(s) = -\beta \sum_{u \sim ...
9
votes
0answers
308 views

Functional calculus of unitary matrices and commutator norms: reference request

Suppose we have a normal matrix $A$ and a general matrix $B$. For a continuous function $f$ on the disk we can find upper-bounds on $\Vert[f(A),B]\Vert$ in terms of $\Vert[A,B]\Vert$. The more we know ...