This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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0
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0answers
6 views

Level-Lowering in Weight 2

Let $N$ and $p$ be relatively prime integers with $p$ a prime. Suppose $f$ is a weight $k=2$ (normalized, cuspidal, etc) newform of level $\Gamma_1(N) \cap \Gamma_0(p)$. I seem to recall the existence ...
5
votes
1answer
205 views

Non-negativity of invariant polynomials

Certifying the non-negativity of a symmetric polynomial is much easier than certifying the non-negativity of an arbitrary polynomial function: for instance, in (1) is proved that the complexity of ...
-3
votes
0answers
130 views

Are there “adelic” L-functions? [on hold]

Following Tom163's answer to this question, I would like to know whether L-functions defined through adelic representations (as defined in https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.em/1317758108) have been ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

On a tower of strongly normal extensions

Where I could see the following statement? Let $K\subset L\subset M$ be a tower of the strongly normal extensions of differential fields. If $M$ is weakly normal over $K$, then $M$ is strongly ...
51
votes
5answers
4k views

Are there any serious investigations of whether “mathematicians do their best work when they're young”?

There is no shortage of anecdotes and conjectures on both sides of this widespread belief, but good supporting data either way is harder to find. Can anyone provide any references for serious ...
3
votes
2answers
136 views

$\mathcal S'(\mathbb R^d)$ is separable [on hold]

I Think the statement is true, but I struggle to find a reference for the fact that the space of tempered distributions equipped with the weak-* topology is separable. Thank you for your help!
3
votes
2answers
140 views

Examples of toric threefolds

I am looking for examples of smooth projective toric threefolds $\mathbb P_\Delta$ such that the rational polytope $\Delta$ has only pentagonal faces and hexagonal faces. I quickly searched for ...
2
votes
2answers
199 views

étale cohomology via Cech cocycles for a quasi-projective scheme

I am looking for the explicit reference to the fact that for a quasi-projective scheme a class in the étale cohomology of a sheaf of a certain degree can by computed using Cech cocycles.
3
votes
1answer
159 views

Model structure on non-negative differential graded algebras with homological grading

I was wondering if there exists a model structure on the category of non-negative differential graded algebras with homological grading. To be more precise: Let $Ch_{k}$ the model category of ...
5
votes
3answers
339 views

Slightly weakened / altered concepts of a field

I've heard of at least three slight modifications of the standard concept of field: meadow, which (according to this paper) is a commutative ring with unit equipped with a total unary operation ...
-2
votes
1answer
55 views

How does deletion-contraction affect chromatic number? Can it increase chromatic number? [on hold]

Question: In graph theory, contracting an edge or deleting an edge are basic operations in many topics such as graph minors or Wagner's theorem on planar graphs. And I'm interested in how these ...
5
votes
1answer
142 views

Higher-dimensional category theory on objects

I would like to know if there exists a satisfying generalization of higher-dimensional category theory on objects, that doesn't forget the inner structure of objects. Usually, what people do is to ...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

On various “extension closures” and “orthogonals” in triangulated categories

A vague form of my question is the following one: for a class of objects $D$ of a triangulated category $C$ we consider the class $E$ of objects that satisfy $Mor_{C}(d,e)=\{0\}\ \forall d\in D$; ...
3
votes
0answers
113 views

Correspondence between real forms and real structures on complex Lie groups

I asked this in MSE, but without success, so I hope, it will be suitable here. E.B.Vinberg and A.L.Onishchik in their book give the following two definitions. For a complex Lie group $G$ its real ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

interpolation between Bochner spaces

Is there a reference for the interpolation result stating the existence of an embedding \begin{equation} L^2(I;W^{2,p}(\Omega)) \cap H^1(I;L^p(\Omega)) \hookrightarrow ...
0
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0answers
30 views

Reference request for some “irregularities of distribution” papers

I would like to ask if anyone has access to any of the following papers: 1. J. G. van der Corput, Proc. Kon. Ned. Alcad. v. Wetensch., Amsterdam, 38, 813-821 (1935). 2. J. G. van der Corput, ibid. 38, ...
6
votes
2answers
177 views

What methods do we have to understand the spectrum of matrices with restricted entries?

Consider questions of the form (or the "most probable value of" version of these questions rather than the "largest possible"), What is the largest possible spectral radius of a $n \times n$ matrix ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Reference for measures of commutativity needed

I'm looking for an appropriate measure to quantify the extent to which two matrices commute. In other words, if A and B are two n×n Hermitian matrices, and [A,B]=C. I'd like a function μ:Cn×n→[0,∞) ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Multiplication operators are sectorial [migrated]

Consider the multiplication operator $M_a$ on $L^p(M)$, where $M$ is a Riemannian manifold, and $a$ is a non-negative function. An operator $A$ is said to be sectorial if there exists $\theta \in (0, ...
6
votes
2answers
201 views

Existence of a measure-preserving bijection

Let $f, g \, \colon \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be two Borel-measurable functions such that $f$ is non negative and g is radially symmetric, the function $ (0, \infty )\ni t \mapsto g ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

n-homology of a Harish-Chandra module

Let $G$ be a connected real reductive Lie group and let $K$ be its maximal compact subgroup. Let $P=MAN$ a parabolic subgroup. Let $K_M^0=M^0\cap K$ be connected component of the maximal compact ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

Preprint by Wall on Sjogren's theorem

In their account http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-4049(87)90048-X of Sjogren's theorem, Cliff and Hartley refer to two articles: [9] B. Hartley, A note on a lemma of Sjogren relating to. dimension ...
6
votes
0answers
226 views

Heisenberg group: function without vertical derivative

Let $\mathbb H$ be Heisenberg group with vector fields $$ X=\partial_x - \frac12y\partial_t,\quad Y=\partial_y + \frac12x\partial_t,\quad T=\partial_t $$ and $U\subset\mathbb H$ is an open set. I am ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Horizontal Sobolev space on Carnot group

This question is connected with my previous: Heisenberg group: function without vertical derivative. Here I am trying to look from another side: what is a difference between Sobolev space and ...
3
votes
3answers
177 views

Enumerating cosets of the modular group

Suppose we chose the generators $f(z) = z+1, g(z) = z-1, h(z) = -1/z$ for the modular group $\Gamma$ (i.e. the group of fractional linear tranformations $z \mapsto (az +b)/(cz+d)$ with $a,b,c,d \in ...
2
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0answers
62 views

Resolvent estimate of hyperbolic Laplacian [on hold]

Consider the Laplacian $-\Delta$ on the hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^n$. For $\lambda \in \mathbb{C} \setminus [0, \infty)$, do we have resolvent estimates of the form $$\Vert (-\Delta - \lambda ...
2
votes
0answers
157 views

References for 'Theory of $p$-adic Galois Representations by Fontaine & Ouyang'

Presently I am reading the 'Theory of $p$-adic Galois Representations by Fontaine & Ouyang'. I am finding it difficult for eg. the initial sections on $l$-adic geometric representation of finite ...
5
votes
1answer
165 views

Prescribed values for the uniform density

Strauch & Tóth [1] Georges Grekos [3][4] showed that for any choice of upper and lower density, there is some subset of $\mathbb{N}$ with the chosen densities, provided the lower is no more than ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

Localized at $p$ integral representations of finite elementary $p$-groups

Let $C_p$ be a cyclic group of prime order $p$. Let $F=C_p^n=C_p\times\dots\times C_p$ ($n$ times). I would like to to classify finite dimensional representations of $F$ over ${\mathbb{Z}}$. However, ...
7
votes
0answers
248 views

Godel's second incompleteness theorem for non-r.e. theories

R. Jeroslow in this paper proves that a non-recursively enumerable theory whose set of theorems is $\Delta_2$-definable may prove consistency of itself but it can not prove 2-consistency of itself. ...
7
votes
0answers
111 views

Complete list of exceptions and efficient algorithm for Waring's problem

2 weeks ago, Samir Siksek http://arxiv.org/abs/1505.00647 proved more than 150-years-old conjecture that every positive integer other than 15, 22, 23, 50, 114, 167, 175, 186, 212, 231, 238, 239, 303, ...
6
votes
1answer
271 views

An indicator of a planar subset as an element of a tensor product

Denote $I=(0, 1)$, and let $\mu$ be the Lebesgue measure on $I$. Does there exist a function $f$ on $I\times I$ viewed as an element of the space $L^\infty(\mu\times\mu)$ such that $$ f^2=f $$ (that ...
4
votes
2answers
171 views

hyperbolic structure on Figure–8 knot complement

I was trying to understand the proof of the fact that there is a hyperbolic structure on Figure–8 knot complement initially from Thurston's notes and then from some online notes; but unfortunately I ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Global existence solutions NLS

Let's consider the following NLS in $\mathbb{R}^3$ $$i\partial_t\psi=-\Delta\psi+\vert\psi\vert^2\psi$$ How to prove that $H^2$-solutions are globally in time? Can someone suggest references to me?
3
votes
0answers
56 views

Integrability of Continuous Tangent Subbundles

Are there any field of mathematics, except dynamical systems, where one needs to integrate continuous sub-bundles of the tangent space? More specifically given a smooth manifold of $M$ and a ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Upper bound of the waiting time of a sum process

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $x_1, \ldots, x_n \in (0,1)$ fix but arbitrary, s.t. $\sum_{i=1}^n x_i = 1$. Let $X_i \sim \operatorname{Unif}(\{x_1, \ldots, x_n\})$ i.i.d., and $T_n = \min\{t \in \mathbb{N} ...
0
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0answers
51 views

Sum of weighted permutations over natural numbers [on hold]

If we consider the sum $\sum\limits_{i=1}^n i\sigma(i)$ where $\sigma$ is a permutation of the first $n$ natural numbers, then this sum has a few interesting properties for various values of $n$. My ...
6
votes
2answers
201 views

Where is the exponential map a diffeomorphism?

Let $M$ be a closed compact Riemannian manifold. The exponential map $\mathrm{exp}:TM\to M\times M$ takes $(p,v)$ to $(p,\gamma_v(1))$, where $\gamma_v$ is the geodesic flow at $p$ in the direction ...
13
votes
2answers
293 views

Differential operators are coKleisli morphisms of the jet co-monad

The following statement may be "well known but not well known enough", and my question is which reference would state it explicitly: The construction of Jet bundles is a comonad on suitable bundles ...
4
votes
2answers
292 views

Reference on the Veblen-Young characterization of projective spaces

Can someone point me to a modern treatment of the Veblen-Young characterization of projective spaces of dimension greater than $2$ as $P(V)$ for some vector space $V$? [Added: see here for a ...
9
votes
2answers
647 views

How to learn QFT from mathematical perspective?

I want to learn QFT, because I have heard of its applications in mathematics, I am not interested in scattering cross sections and such. Where can I start to learn? Only books I found are either way ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

On moduli space of torsion free semi-stable sheaves on nodal curves

Let $X$ be a projective irreducible nodal curve of genus at least $2$. Denote by $U(r,d)$ the moduli space of semi-stable torsion free sheaves on $X$ of rank $r$ and degree $d$. There are several ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Contraction semigroup

Let $(X, \mu)$ be a finite measure space and let $A$ be a non-negative self-adjoint operator which generates a contraction semigroup $e^{tA}$ on $L^2(X, \mu)$. If additionally, we have that $e^{tA}$ ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Fixed point property for intersection of spaces which are homeomorphic to a disk

The following question is question 9.8 from Miller's paper ``Some interesting problems '': Question Suppose $D_n$ a subset of the plane is homeomorphic to a disk and for every $n\in \omega, ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

Idempotent relations on the unit square with closed graphs

A colleague and I are interested in idempotent relations from $I=[0,1]$ to $I$ - relations such that $R\circ R(x)=R(x)$ for all $x\in I$. Specifically, the graphs of the relations we care about must ...
5
votes
1answer
376 views

Vectorisation of a category

I have no experience with category theory at all, but I recently stumbled upon the following construction. Since it is extremely elementary and seems rather natural, it should be known, but I have not ...
9
votes
1answer
392 views

On a result attributed to W. Ljunggren and T. Nagell

I've read in a number of places that, building on previous work of T. Nagell, W. Ljunggren proved in 1 that the Diophantine equation $$\frac{x^{n}-1}{x-1} = y^{2}$$ doesn't admit solutions in ...
7
votes
0answers
167 views

May's infinite loop machine for Friedlander's result for Adams conjecture

Eric M. Friedlander in the paper The infinite loop Adams conjecture via Classification Theorem for $\Gamma$-spaces proved the infinite loop Adams conjecture using techniques involved $\Gamma$-space. ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Green's function for fractional Laplacian

Consider the fractional differential equation \begin{align} D_{|x|}^\alpha u(x) +bu(x)=f(x) \end{align} with $0<\alpha<2$ on an unbounded domain. Instead of $D_{|x|}^\alpha$ one also often sees ...
6
votes
1answer
129 views

On the independence of lower and upper asymptotic and Banach densities

Given a set $X \subseteq \mathbf N^+$, denote by $\mathsf{d}_\ast(X)$ and $\mathsf{d}^\ast(X)$, respectively, the lower and upper asymptotic (or natural) density of $X$, viz. $$\mathsf{d}_\ast(X) := ...