This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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**1**answer

88 views

### Is Eilenberg-Maclane $\wedge$ Moore space the spectrum of the cohomology theory $H^*(\ ,G)$?

In the web page http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php/Moore_space it can be found the following statement:
If $K(\mathbb Z,n)$ is the Eilenberg–MacLane space of the group of integers ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### How many traces are there on Temperley-Lieb, Fuss-Catalan, Iwahori-Hecke, Birman-Wenzl-Murakami-Kauffman, … algebras?

There is a theorem (I believe by Ocneanu) that the Markov trace on the tower of Temperley-Lieb algebras is (essentially) unique.
What about just traces on separate algebras? That is, take one of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Earliest source for a Lie algebra construction

I am looking for the earliest reference to the fact that any associative algebra becomes a Lie algebra with bracket $AXB-BXA$, where $X$ is a fixed element of the algebra. This is observed in the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

35 views

### Limiting absorption principle

I would like to know if there is a book (or a paper) which can give me an introduction to LAP. I tried to read some papers by myself, but I don't feel comfortable. I think that I need the basic ideas ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

107 views

### Pseudodifferential operators on spaces with boundary

Consider the upper half space $\mathbb{R}^n_{+} = \{x = (x_1,..,x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n : x_n \geq 0\}$. Consider the Laplacian on this space with either the Dirichlet boundary condition or the Neumann ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### What's the name of this branched covering?

I've come across a double cover of $\mathbb P_1(\mathbb C)$, ramified at $[1:1]$ and $[-1:1]$ in homogeneous coordinates, given as the quotient by the natural $\mathbb Z/2\mathbb Z$-action generated ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

154 views

### Paper of Denis Simon on quadratic equations in dimensions 4, 5?

In several places I have come across references to a 2005-6 preprint of Denis Simon entitled
Quadratic equations in dimensions 4, 5, and more
This paper gives fast algorithms to find isotropic ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

313 views

### Positivity of the Coulomb energy in two dimensions

In dimensions $d\geq 3$ the Coulomb energy is always non-negative (since the Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\|\cdot\|^{d-2}}$ is non-negative). What can one say about positivity properties of the ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

384 views

### Reference for Unitary Group attached to $E/k$

Unitary groups are very important objects in the setting of Langland's Conjecture because of the existence of Shimura Variety ( which I don't know) and also because people know how to attach a galois ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

59 views

### If $q^k n^2$ is an odd perfect number with Euler prime $q$, are the following statements known to hold in general? [on hold]

Let $\sigma$ be the classical sum-of-divisors function.
A number is said to be perfect if $\sigma(N)=2N$.
If $q^k n^2$ is an odd perfect number with Euler prime $q$ (i.e., $q \equiv k \equiv 1 \pmod ...

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votes

**9**answers

10k views

### A book for problems in Functional Analysis

I want to know if there's any book that categorizes problems by subjects of Functional Analysis.
I'm studying Functional Analysis now a days and I really need to solve some problems in order to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

47 views

### Reference for a lemma on the asymptotic upper density of special sets with large gaps and intervals

Update. Based on Anthony Quas' comment below, the proof can be made sensibly shorter and the lemma can be slightly generalized by weakening the old assumption (iii).
In a joint paper that I am ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Equation of the curve corresponding to a polarization of an abelian surface

Let $\mathbb{C}^2/\Lambda$ be a polarized abelian surface. I think it is well-known how to write down the equation of the divisor corresponding to the polarization, in terms of theta functions etc. ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Enriques classification of algebraic surfaces in characteristic zero

I am searching for a reference about the classification of algebraic surfaces over an arbitrary algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. In the 1949 book "le superficie algebriche" by ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

26 views

### Automorphisms of a differential field and transcendence degree

Let $(\mathcal{F},+,\times,\partial)$ be a differential field, and let's define its automorphism group $Aut(\mathcal{F})$ as the group, under composition, consisting of all bijective maps ...

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vote

**0**answers

89 views

### Level-Lowering in Weight 2

Let $N$ and $p$ be relatively prime integers with $p$ a prime. Suppose $f$ is a weight $k=2$ (normalized, cuspidal, etc) newform of level $\Gamma_1(N) \cap \Gamma_0(p)$. I seem to recall the existence ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Non-negativity of invariant polynomials

Certifying the non-negativity of a symmetric polynomial is much easier than
certifying the non-negativity of an arbitrary polynomial function:
for instance, in (1) is proved that the complexity of ...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

166 views

### Are there “adelic” L-functions? [on hold]

Following Tom163's answer to this question, I would like to know whether L-functions defined through adelic representations (as defined in https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.em/1317758108) have been ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

36 views

### On a tower of strongly normal extensions

Where I could see the following statement?
Let $K\subset L\subset M$ be a tower of the strongly normal extensions of differential fields. If $M$ is weakly normal over $K$, then $M$ is strongly ...

**51**

votes

**5**answers

4k views

### Are there any serious investigations of whether “mathematicians do their best work when they're young”?

There is no shortage of anecdotes and conjectures on both sides of this widespread belief, but good supporting data either way is harder to find. Can anyone provide any references for serious ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

152 views

### $\mathcal S'(\mathbb R^d)$ is separable [on hold]

I Think the statement is true, but I struggle to find a reference for the fact that the space of tempered distributions equipped with the weak-* topology is separable.
Thank you for your help!

**3**

votes

**2**answers

152 views

### Examples of toric threefolds

I am looking for examples of smooth projective toric threefolds $\mathbb P_\Delta$ such that the rational polytope $\Delta$ has only pentagonal faces and hexagonal faces.
I quickly searched for ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

201 views

### étale cohomology via Cech cocycles for a quasi-projective scheme

I am looking for the explicit reference to the fact that for a quasi-projective scheme a class in the étale cohomology of a sheaf of a certain degree can by computed using Cech cocycles.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Model structure on non-negative differential graded algebras with homological grading

I was wondering if there exists a model structure on the category of non-negative differential graded algebras with homological grading. To be more precise: Let $Ch_{k}$ the model category of ...

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votes

**3**answers

340 views

### Slightly weakened / altered concepts of a field

I've heard of at least three slight modifications of the standard concept of field:
meadow, which (according to this paper) is a commutative ring with unit equipped with a total unary operation ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

62 views

### How does deletion-contraction affect chromatic number? Can it increase chromatic number? [on hold]

Question: In graph theory, contracting an edge or deleting an edge are basic operations in many topics such as graph minors or Wagner's theorem on planar graphs. And I'm interested in how these ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### Higher-dimensional category theory on objects

I would like to know if there exists a satisfying generalization of higher-dimensional category theory on objects, that doesn't forget the inner structure of objects. Usually, what people do is to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### On various “extension closures” and “orthogonals” in triangulated categories

A vague form of my question is the following one: for a class of objects $D$ of a triangulated category $C$ we consider the class $E$ of objects that satisfy $Mor_{C}(d,e)=\{0\}\ \forall d\in D$; ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

### Correspondence between real forms and real structures on complex Lie groups

I asked this in MSE, but without success, so I hope, it will be suitable here.
E.B.Vinberg and A.L.Onishchik in their book give the following two definitions.
For a complex Lie group $G$ its real ...

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votes

**0**answers

33 views

### interpolation between Bochner spaces

Is there a reference for the interpolation result stating the existence of an embedding
\begin{equation}
L^2(I;W^{2,p}(\Omega)) \cap H^1(I;L^p(\Omega)) \hookrightarrow ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

30 views

### Reference request for some “irregularities of distribution” papers

I would like to ask if anyone has access to any of the following papers:
1. J. G. van der Corput, Proc. Kon. Ned. Alcad. v. Wetensch., Amsterdam, 38, 813-821
(1935).
2. J. G. van der Corput, ibid. 38, ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

188 views

### What methods do we have to understand the spectrum of matrices with restricted entries?

Consider questions of the form (or the "most probable value of" version of these questions rather than the "largest possible"),
What is the largest possible spectral radius of a $n \times n$ matrix ...

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votes

**1**answer

64 views

### Reference for measures of commutativity needed

I'm looking for an appropriate measure to quantify the extent to which two matrices commute. In other words, if A and B are two n×n Hermitian matrices, and [A,B]=C.
I'd like a function μ:Cn×n→[0,∞) ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Multiplication operators are sectorial [migrated]

Consider the multiplication operator $M_a$ on $L^p(M)$, where $M$ is a Riemannian manifold, and $a$ is a non-negative function. An operator $A$ is said to be sectorial if there exists $\theta \in (0, ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

203 views

### Existence of a measure-preserving bijection

Let $f, g \, \colon \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be two Borel-measurable functions such that $f$ is non negative and
g is radially symmetric,
the function $ (0, \infty )\ni t \mapsto g ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### n-homology of a Harish-Chandra module

Let $G$ be a connected real reductive Lie group and let $K$ be its maximal compact subgroup.
Let $P=MAN$ a parabolic subgroup. Let $K_M^0=M^0\cap K$ be connected component of the maximal compact ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Preprint by Wall on Sjogren's theorem

In their account http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-4049(87)90048-X of Sjogren's theorem, Cliff and Hartley refer to two articles:
[9] B. Hartley, A note on a lemma of Sjogren relating to. dimension ...

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votes

**0**answers

226 views

### Heisenberg group: function without vertical derivative

Let $\mathbb H$ be Heisenberg group with vector fields
$$
X=\partial_x - \frac12y\partial_t,\quad Y=\partial_y + \frac12x\partial_t,\quad T=\partial_t
$$
and $U\subset\mathbb H$ is an open set.
I am ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Horizontal Sobolev space on Carnot group

This question is connected with my previous: Heisenberg group: function without vertical derivative.
Here I am trying to look from another side: what is a difference between Sobolev space and ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

183 views

### Enumerating cosets of the modular group

Suppose we chose the generators $f(z) = z+1, g(z) = z-1, h(z) = -1/z$ for the modular group $\Gamma$ (i.e. the group of fractional linear tranformations $z \mapsto (az +b)/(cz+d)$ with $a,b,c,d \in ...

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**0**answers

63 views

### Resolvent estimate of hyperbolic Laplacian [on hold]

Consider the Laplacian $-\Delta$ on the hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^n$. For $\lambda \in \mathbb{C} \setminus [0, \infty)$, do we have resolvent estimates of the form
$$\Vert (-\Delta - \lambda ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### References for 'Theory of $p$-adic Galois Representations by Fontaine & Ouyang'

Presently I am reading the 'Theory of $p$-adic Galois Representations by Fontaine & Ouyang'. I am finding it difficult for eg. the initial sections on $l$-adic geometric representation of finite ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Prescribed values for the uniform density

Strauch & Tóth [1] Georges Grekos [3][4] showed that for any choice of upper and lower density, there is some subset of $\mathbb{N}$ with the chosen densities, provided the lower is no more than ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Localized at $p$ integral representations of finite elementary $p$-groups

Let $C_p$ be a cyclic group of prime order $p$.
Let $F=C_p^n=C_p\times\dots\times C_p$ ($n$ times).
I would like to to classify finite dimensional representations of $F$ over ${\mathbb{Z}}$.
However, ...

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votes

**0**answers

259 views

### Godel's second incompleteness theorem for non-r.e. theories

R. Jeroslow in this paper proves that a non-recursively enumerable theory whose set of theorems is $\Delta_2$-definable may prove consistency of itself
but it can not prove 2-consistency of itself.
...

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votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Complete list of exceptions and efficient algorithm for Waring's problem

2 weeks ago, Samir Siksek http://arxiv.org/abs/1505.00647 proved more than 150-years-old conjecture that every positive integer other than 15, 22, 23, 50, 114, 167, 175, 186, 212, 231, 238, 239, 303, ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

273 views

### An indicator of a planar subset as an element of a tensor product

Denote $I=(0, 1)$, and let $\mu$ be the Lebesgue measure on $I$. Does there exist a function $f$ on $I\times I$ viewed as an element of the space $L^\infty(\mu\times\mu)$ such that
$$
f^2=f
$$
(that ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

177 views

### hyperbolic structure on Figure–8 knot complement

I was trying to understand the proof of the fact that there is a hyperbolic structure on Figure–8 knot complement initially from Thurston's notes and then from some online notes; but unfortunately I ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Global existence solutions NLS

Let's consider the following NLS in $\mathbb{R}^3$
$$i\partial_t\psi=-\Delta\psi+\vert\psi\vert^2\psi$$
How to prove that $H^2$-solutions are globally in time? Can someone suggest references to me?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Integrability of Continuous Tangent Subbundles

Are there any field of mathematics, except dynamical systems, where one needs to integrate continuous sub-bundles of the tangent space?
More specifically given a smooth manifold of $M$ and a ...