This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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-1
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0answers
79 views

Reference Request: What is Prof. Yitang Zhang's “invited lecture” about? [on hold]

Unfortunately I am not privileged enough to attend the ICM. I saw on the schedule (http://www.icm2014.org/en/program/program) that Prof. Yitang Zhang was invited to give a lecture. Can anyone present ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Superelliptic Curves [duplicate]

I'm trying to find information on superelliptic curves and how to solve them over the integers. The equation is $$y^k = f(x)$$ where $k=3$ and $f$ has degree $d=3$. Does anyone know any ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Deformations of holomorphic/algebraic vector bundles over $\mathbb{P}^3$

I would like to know what can be said about (global) deformations of holomorphic/algebraic rank two vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^3$. I am particularly interested in the case of topologically trivial ...
19
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0answers
446 views

Are there “chain complexes” and “homology groups” taking values in pairs of topological spaces?

Throughout this question, notation of the form $(X,A)$ denotes a sufficiently nice pair of topological spaces. I think for most of what I'm saying here, it is enough to assume that the inclusion $A ...
1
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0answers
64 views

Reference on calculation of 2nd cohomology group

Let $G$ be a finitely generated, infinite, countable discrete nonamenable group with zero first Betti number, I.e., $H^1(G, \ell^2(G))=0$, e.g., $G=F_2\times F_2$, the product of free groups of two ...
3
votes
1answer
213 views

An identity for elementary symmetric functions

Trying to understand a result in a representation theoretical paper, I realized that it implies the following elementary identity for symmetric functions. My question is whether this identity is true, ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Hilbert scheme of a closed subscheme

Let $X$ be a complex algebraic variety. Its Hilbert scheme represents the functor $G$ from schemes to sets given by $$G(S)=\{Z\subset X\times S|\, Z \mbox{ is a closed subscheme, flat and proper over ...
0
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0answers
68 views

Collatz property implying infinite “fall below” trajectories, is it known?

(this was discovered analyzing Collatz empirically.) a key aspect of resolving Collatz involves looking at the number of iterations for trajectories to "fall below" the initial value. consider ...
5
votes
1answer
292 views

The Irreducible Corepresentations of the eight-dimensional Kac-Paljutkin Quantum Group

I asked this question on Math.Stack but have not had any answers. Question What are the irreducible corepresentations of the eight-dimensional Kac-Paljutkin Quantum Group, $A$? The trivial ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Hilbert scheme of an infinitesimal neighborhood of a subvariety

Let $X$ be a complex algebraic variety. Let $C\subset X$ be a compact (reduced) subvariety. Let $C^{(n)}$ denote the $n$th infinitesimal neighborhood of $C$ inside $X$. Let $Hilb(X)$ denote the ...
10
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2answers
579 views

Questions about Prikry forcing and Cohen forcing

I have some questions. The first one is about the product of Prikry's forcing. Let $\kappa$ be a measurable cardinal, $U_1, U_2$ be normal measures on $\kappa$ and let $\mathbb{P}_{U_1}, ...
5
votes
1answer
219 views

Relationship between fragments of the axiom of choice and the dependent choice principles

The dependent choice principle ${\rm DC}_\kappa$ states that if $S$ is a nonempty set and $R$ is a binary relation such that for every $s\in S^{\lt\kappa}$, there is $x\in S$ with $sRx$, then there ...
7
votes
1answer
216 views

How does the kernel of the map $\Omega^{\bullet}(X)\rightarrow \Omega^{\bullet}(G\times X)$ relate to equivariant cohomology?

This question may be trivial for experts. Consider a (compact, connected) smooth manifold $X$ and a (compact connected) Lie group $G$ act on $X$. Then we have the action map $$ \mu: G\times ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Minimum of Random Energy Model (REM) with logarithmically correlated potential

In the paper [FB] (ArXiv, J. Phys. A), the authors analyse a particular Random Energy Model (REM) with logarithmically correlated potential and conjecture in Eq. (2) that the distribution function of ...
15
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9answers
3k views

The free group $F_2$ has index 12 in SL(2,$\mathbb{Z}$)

Is there someone who can give me some hints/references to the proof of this fact?
0
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0answers
23 views

Uniqueness of Newton (modulo a constant) series on a compact set

Good morning everybody. My question is as follows: Let $K$ be a compact subset of $\mathbb R$ and let $v\in C^\infty(K)$. Consider the finite difference operator $\Delta v(x)\doteq v(x+1)-v(x)$. It ...
6
votes
2answers
450 views

Survey of the history of calculus?

Boyer 1939 is a nice readable survey of the history of the calculus, but it's showing its age. Discussing the notion of instantaneous velocity, he has: Mathematics knows no minimum interval of ...
3
votes
2answers
217 views

Cohomology of the toric variety $X_\Sigma=\mathbb C^2\sqcup \mathbb C^2\big/\left((x,y)_1\sim(x^{-1},y^{-1})_2\right)_{x,y\neq 0}$

I'm writing a thesis on Chow rings of toric varieties and am looking for a reference on the singular cohomology ring of the blowup of $\mathbb C^2$ at xy=0, i.e. at the coordinate axes. The ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

Caratheodory equations

Ok, I am reading Fillipov book on discontinuous right hand side differential equations (the red book). He states the next lemma: " Let the function $f(t,x)$ satisfy the Caratheodory conditions and ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Is the absolute of a compact space the projective limit of the Stone-Čech compactifications of its open dense subsets?

Is the following statement true, and if it is, does someone have a reference? Let $X$ be a compact (i.e., compact and Hausdorff) topological space. Then the Gleason space (=Iliadis absolute, ...
3
votes
1answer
314 views

The Weyl algebra modules which are also rings

Consider the space $C^\infty(\mathbb{R})$. We have on it a natural action of the Weyl algebra generated by $x$ and $d/dx$, where $x$ is the coordinate on $\mathbb{R}$, and there is plenty of Weyl ...
1
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0answers
50 views

coxeter element of a reflection group (reference request)

I am reading reflection groups and coxeter groups book by Humphreys. now I want to learn more about "coxeter element" of a reflection group. Can any body suggests me some good books to read more about ...
7
votes
1answer
391 views

Learning roadmap to TQFT from a mathematics perspective

I had asked a question on math.stackexchange but did not receive any answers. I hope that this question is appropriate for this website as it is about an advanced subject. Hence I am posting it below. ...
0
votes
1answer
203 views

Trace map for sepeared morphism of non-singular varieties

I read about for any separable morphism of non-singular varieties $f:X'\to X$, one can define a homomorphism $\text{Tr}:f_*(\Omega_{X'}^q) \to \Omega_{X}^q$,so that the map $\Omega_{X}^q \to ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Action of the (special) orthogonal group on differential forms

I was told that the following facts are true. I am looking for a reference to them. 1) The action of $O(n,\mathbb{C})$ on $\wedge^l\mathbb{C}^n$ is irreducible for any $l$. 2) The action of ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Algebraic subgroup lattices [on hold]

For which groups is the subgroup lattice algebraic? Jiří Tůma has proved every algebraic lattice is an interval in a subgroup lattice. It seems there is close relation between algebraic lattices and ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Birkhoff Ergodic Theorem and Ergodic Decomposition Theorem for Continuous-Time Markov Processes

I have a couple of questions regarding ergodicity for Markov processes in continuous time. (In particular, the first question seems like it should be particularly basic, and yet I haven't managed to ...
1
vote
2answers
221 views

Embed one Coxeter System into another

What is a good reference that explains all the braid relations and diagrams for Coxeter systems concisely? In particular, how do I embed $H_3$ inside $D_6$, or $H_4$ inside $E_8$? Any hints?
0
votes
1answer
160 views

Sufficient conditions for equality of measures related to harmonic functions

In Axler's book "Harmonic function theory" on this link http://www.latp.univ-mrs.fr/~chaabi/ARTICLES%20IMPORTANTS/Autres%20articles%20interessant/Livres/Harmonic%20Function%20theory.pdf on page 112 ...
1
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1answer
132 views

Does the “Ohsawa-Takegoshi theorem without bounds” have a name?

There are many theorems which now could be called "The Ohsawa-Takegoshi" theorem. Of these, the most basic is roughly the following: Let $\Omega \subset \subset \mathbb{C}^n$ be a psuedoconvex ...
1
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0answers
82 views

adjoint representation of 2-Lie groups

Baez and Crans in their paper on Lie 2-algebras refer to adjoint representations of Lie 2-groups but don't say much, as far as I can tell, except to say that such a representation acts on a 2-Lie ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

Contracting a planar graph to a (multiply-edged)-tree

Given a planar graph (no loops, no multiple edge), is it always possible to perform edge contractions* in order to obtain a graph $T$ which has no loops, but if one forgets the multiplicity of its ...
8
votes
1answer
631 views

Central extension of the algebraic loop group

I'm doing some constructions with the universal central extension $\widehat{\Omega G}$ of the loop group $\Omega G$ (here $G$ is a matrix group), where a priori the loops involved are just smooth, but ...
0
votes
0answers
93 views

First Description of how to Remove Radicals from Equations

Who first described the technique of removing radicals as indicated in the answers to questions Tools for Removing Radicals from Equations and Rewrite sum of radicals equation as polynomial equation ? ...
4
votes
0answers
241 views

Reference request: Book of Linear algebra from categorical point of view

Is there any book of Linear algebra in the modern language of Category theory? I refer to the (systematic, formalist) study of the category whose objects are vector spaces and whose morphisms are ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Consequences of Legendre's conjecture

I am looking for a list/reference which explores the consequences of Legendre's conjecture, which states that one can always find a prime number between $n^2$ and $(n+1)^2$.
13
votes
4answers
2k views

Roadmap for Mirror Symmetry

I am interested in learning Mirror Symmetry, both from the SYZ and Homological point of view. I am taking a reading course in Mirror Symmetry, which will focus on the SYZ side. I know basic Complex ...
4
votes
0answers
90 views

Star shaped sets with a midpoint

Suppose $U$ is an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ which is star shaped with respect to $p\in U$. I'll call $p$ a midpoint of $U$ if for any line $\ell$ through $p$, the point $p$ is the midpoint of the ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Levenberg's original article “A method for the solution of certain problems in least squares”

Does there exist any digital copy of the original article (or a transcript) K. Levenberg, A method for the solution of certain problems in least-squares, Quart. Appl. Math. 2 (1944): 164-168? It is ...
7
votes
1answer
186 views

For a 3D Apollonian packing, do we really know that the Hausdorff dimension of the complement is approximated by the growth rate of curvature?

The fractal dimension of the 3D Apollonian packing is computed in this paper. In the introduction, the authors cite three of Boyd's paper (Ref 2, 5, 6) to support that the fractal dimension ...
1
vote
1answer
291 views

Is there any current development of a first order formalization of metamathematics?

I hope that this post isn't off topic, but I already asked math.stackexchange about first order formalizations of first order logic. There are provability logics and extensions in modal logic's that ...
4
votes
2answers
688 views

Signal Analysis/Processing Textbook

Can anybody recommend me a decent Signal Analysis/Processing textbook. If possible one that deals a little with MATLAB. I have an little knowledge of Real Analysis and fourier transforms. Wavelets i ...
3
votes
2answers
328 views

Zigzags and contractibility of categories

Let $\mathbf{C}$ be a small category and $\mathbf{C}'$ its hammock localization in the sense of Dwyer and Kan. I am looking for a proof (or counterexample) of the following assertion: If there is ...
6
votes
1answer
265 views

Does OCA imply $2^{\aleph_0}=\aleph_2$?

Is it known whether Todorcevic's Open Coloring Axiom implies $2^{\aleph_0}=\aleph_2$? The only consistency proofs for OCA that I know are the following: 1) PFA implies OCA (and also ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Equations and random subgroups in compact groups

Let $G$ be a compact group (I am mainly interested in the profinite case). Pick a sequence of $d$ elements (where $d$ is either finite or $\omega$) independently at random (w.r.t. Haar measure) and ...
6
votes
5answers
470 views

Why is the mirror of resolved conifold the deformed conifold?

I often see a sentence like "the mirror of resolved conifold is the deformed conifold" in physics literature. I would like to ask, in what sense is this true? What is known for mirror symmetry for ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Vanishing of Motivic Cohomology

In these notes, page $10$, bullet $(5)$, it is stated that if $X$ is a scheme of finite type over a field $k$, then the motivic cohomology $\mathrm{H}^{p,q}(X,R)$ of $X$ over $k$, where $R$ is a ring, ...
11
votes
2answers
633 views

What is the homotopy type of the space of the homeomorphisms of the n-ball such that the homeomorphism restricted to the boundary is isotopic to the identity?

Consider the set of homeomorphisms of the topological n-ball to itself with the compact open topology. Sitting inside this space of homeomorphisms are particular subspaces. The first subspace is those ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Points on a sphere

Wonder whether you know where the following pearl of Topology first appeared: Prove that at any instant of time you can find three isothermal points on the surface of the Earth that correspond to ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Countable model theory for $\omega$-stable theories?

This is a bit of a fishing expedition, because I'm not sure what I'm looking for. Very vaguely stated, here's the driving question: What conditions on an $\omega$-stable theory make the class of ...