This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

**2**

votes

**0**answers

10 views

### Maps between spaces of non-empty compact subsets with the Hausdorff distance (reference request)

Let $X, Y$ be metric spaces, and let $PX$ (resp. $PY$) be the set of all non-empty compact subsets of $X$ (resp. $Y$) with the Hausdorff metric. A continuous map $f\colon X\to Y$ induces a continuous ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Defining density of a random function using Radon-Nikodym Theorem

Let $(\Omega,\mathbb{F},P)$ be a probability space and $E$ be an infinite dimensional Banach space and $\mathbb{B}$ be the $\sigma$-algebra of Borel subset of $E$.
Let $X$ be random function defined ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### References to proofs of upper and lower bounds on the number of coprimes in an interval?

On the first page of the article "When the sieve works", the authors present upper and lower bounds for $S(T,T+x;\mathcal{E})$; the number of integers in the interval $(T,T+x]$ that are coprime to all ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Axiomatization of Degree Theory

I am reading Ruiz's Mapping Degree Theory, and find an axiomatization of degree theory of $\mathbb R^n$ in P38. It says that there exists a unique map $d(f,D,y)\in\mathbb Z$ satisfies
Normality
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Does this function have any exponential growth?

Has anyone seen any function of the following type?
$$
g(x):=\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}\exp\left(-\frac{a^n}{x}\right),\quad a>1,x\ge 0.
$$
The question is whether for some constant ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### Weyl group of a symmetric space

Let $G/K$ be a symmetric space of a non-compact type, i.e. $G$ is a semi-simple connected Lie group, and $K$ is its maximal compact subgroup. Helgason in his book "Differential geometry and symmetric ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

562 views

### Does Nelson try to prove PA inconsistent directly?

Edward Nelson is known for his serious attempts to show that Peano axioms, and sometimes even weaker theories, are inconsistent. I wasn't able to find Nelson's papers anywhere, so I wanted to ask a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

100 views

### Proper monomorphisms in complex analytic spaces

In the algebraic geometry of schemes, we know that monomorphisms which are universally closed (= every pullback is a closed map) and of finite type are closed immersions. See Gortz, Wedhorn "Algebraic ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

319 views

### short character sums averaged on the character

Let $a$ be an integer, $p$ a prime (much) greater than $a$, and $\chi$ a Dirichlet character.
There is an abundant literature on the sums
$$S(\chi,a)=\sum_{i=1}^a \chi(i),$$
called short (or ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

31 views

### Reference for a special case of the Hanson-Wright inequality

I would like find tail bounds for the expression
$$
\begin{align*}
\left|\left\langle a,\phi\right\rangle \left\langle \phi,b\right\rangle -\left\langle a,b\right\rangle\right|,
\end{align*}
$$
where ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Decidable theorem or result that is not weaker than Tarski's theorem

I am wondering what other decidable theorem or results that is not weaker or stronger than Tarski's theorem.
Could any one give reference or a simple introduction about such result known in their ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

237 views

### Powers of finite simple groups

I have heard about the following result: for each finite simple non-abelian group $S$ and each natural number $r\ge 2$ there exists a number $n=n(r,S)$ such that the power $S^n$ is $r$-generator but ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

268 views

### Reference for a strong intermediate value theorem for measures

Let $\mu$ be a finite nonatomic measure on a measurable space $(X,\Sigma)$, and for simplicity assume that $\mu(X) = 1$. There is a well-known "intermediate value theorem" of Sierpiński that states ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

54 views

### Kontsevich integral for 2-bridge knots

Are there any articles that explain a formula for Kontsevich integral of 2-bridge knots?

**4**

votes

**0**answers

166 views

### Etale Slice Theorem

I found the Luna's Slice Theorem very Technical. It will be helpful if someone illustrates the geometry involved in the theorem. Also why this theorem so useful?
This is Luna's Slice theorem from a ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

376 views

### Reference for: CM Hilbert Modular forms arise from Hecke characters

For classical modular forms, the correspondence between the form having CM by an imaginary quadratic field $K$ and it being induced from a Hecke character on $K$ is well-known. (Ribet's paper is a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Nuclearity noncommutative torus

I read that the Noncommutative torus (rotation algebra) is nuclear when $\theta\in\mathbb{R}\setminus\mathbb{Q}$. Unfortunately, I haven't found a proof. Could someone give me a reference and/or an ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### Stability conditions of coherent sheaves on abelian 3-folds

My work for now consists on understanding stability conditions of coherent sheaves on abelian 3-folds. I have the book by D. Huybrechts (the geometry of moduli spaces of sheaves), But I would like to ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### A question about a subset in R^n homeomorphic to an open subset [on hold]

Let A be a subset of n-dimensional Eucliean space R^n,
A is homeomorphic to an open subset of R^n.
Then whether A is also an open subset of R^n?
Is it a theorem in somewhere?
Thank you very much.

**1**

vote

**2**answers

170 views

### A reference for a property for the Hausdorff distance

Consider the following property of the Hausdorff distance in $\mathbb R^n$.
Let $\Omega_n \supset \Omega_{n+1} \supset ...$ a sequence of open, convex and bounded sets with ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

575 views

### Special values of $\zeta$ outside the real line and the critical strip

The values of Riemann's function at the integers have been extensively studied. I was wondering, is there anything interesting known (or conjectured) to happen arithmetically outside the real line ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

243 views

### References for $K_{4k}(\mathbb{Z})$

Weibel's "Algebraic K-theory of rings of integers in local and global fields" says $K_{4k}(\mathbb{Z})$ are known to have odd order, with no prime factors less than $10^7$, but are conjectured to be ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

540 views

### Koebe–Andreev–Thurston theorem - where can I find a proof?

Koebe–Andreev–Thurston theorem (known also as the circle packing theorem) says that any planar graph can be realized by a set of (interior-) disjoint disks corresponding to vertices, such that two ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Mathematical study of Mpemba effect?

It has been known since the days of Aristotle and Descartes that under certain circumstances warm water freezes faster than cold water. This effect is now commonly known as the Mpemba effect, named ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Determinant of the oriented adjacency matrix of a tree

Let $(V,E)$ be a finite oriented directed graph, with vertices and edges ordered, and $M$ the $|V|\times |E|$ matrix with entries
$$ m_{ve} = \begin{cases} 1 &\text{if $e$ points at $v$}\\
-1 ...

**4**

votes

**5**answers

191 views

### Books on the analysis of hyperbolic partial differential equations

Most of the present books on pde analysis deal with the elliptic partial differential equations. Is there some book related to rigorous analysis with hyperbolic pdes, and especially hyperbolic systems ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Birkhoff Ergodic Theorem and Ergodic Decomposition Theorem for Continuous-Time Markov Processes

I have a couple of questions regarding ergodicity for Markov processes in continuous time. (In particular, the first question seems like it should be particularly basic, and yet I haven't managed to ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

403 views

### Model structure for cooperads and for coalgebras

I am studying the homotopy theory of (algebraic) operads and I came up with several questions I am unable to answer to. I would like to stress that I don't have applications in mind, I just would like ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

286 views

### geometric interpretation and differences of Gorenstein rings, Complete intersections and regular rings

Let $R$ be a local Noetherian ring.
What is the geometric interpretation of
1- Gorenstein rings
2- Complete intersections
3- Regular rings?
and how can I realize differences by geometric ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

228 views

### Positivity of the Coulomb energy in two dimensions

In dimensions $d\geq 3$ the Coulomb energy is always non-negative (since the Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{|\cdot|^{d-2}}$ is non-negative). What can one say about positivity properties of the ...

**7**

votes

**7**answers

549 views

### What is the best reference for Spectral theory?

I'm studying Bernard Aupetit: A Primer on Spectral Theory
but the textbook we are using is a little bit heavy going for me. Is there a best book to learn about these things?
Thank you.

**2**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### What is the computational complexity to compute the integral numerically?

Given $$\int_{\Delta}\frac{P_1(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)}{P_2(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)}$$ where $P_i$ is polynomial(that is $P_1(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n), P_2(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)$ are polynomial) whose coefficients are ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### A perfect $(n,k)$ shuffle function

Suppose you have a deck of $n$ cards; e.g., $n{=}12$:
$$
(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12) \;.
$$
Cut the deck into $k$ equal-sized pieces, where $k|n$;
e.g., for $k{=}4$, the $12$ cards are partitioned ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### What does an endomorphism in a triangulated category give rise to?

Let $D\xrightarrow[]\varphi D\xrightarrow[]kE\xrightarrow[]j\Sigma D$ be an exact triangle in a triangulated category. I am trying to figure out what structure emerges from this on the base of the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Question on the partial differential equations in complex space

As is known most of the theory now developed for partial differential equations is in the real space, especially function space like Sobolev space, BMO space, $L^p$ space, etc. However is there some ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

82 views

### Piercing of subspaces in a projective space?

The "piercing subspace" problem may be stated as follows:
There are given several subspaces in a projective space, rather non-intersecting.
Find an additional subspace of a prescribed dimension that ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

252 views

### Notion of manifold curvature?

Consider a particular embedding of a $C^2$ manifold $\mathcal{M}\subseteq\mathbb{R}^m$. Given $p\in\mathcal{M}$, suppose $\epsilon>0$ is small enough that the portion $U$ of $\mathcal{M}$ which is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### $A_\infty$ structure on sum of twists of structure sheaf

Fix $n$ and let $P^n$ be projective $n$-space. Let $S = k[x_0, \dots, x_n]$. Set $A^0 = \bigoplus_{d \ge 0} H^0(P^n, \mathcal{O}(d))$ and $A^n = \bigoplus_{d < -n} H^n(P^n, \mathcal{O}(d))$.
I ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

56 views

### Calculating the “Belvedere Hull” of a Simple Planar Polygon

As an informal motivation the problem, imagine a tower with polygonal footprint, that is located in a beautiful landscape, the "Belvedere Hull" is then related to the directions, in which one would ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

157 views

### Does knot Floer homology detect knot genus in rational homology spheres?

My question is the following:
Does knot Floer homology detect the genus of null-homologous knot in rational homology spheres?
If the answer is yes, I would like to have a reference for the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### amenable + without $BS(m,n)$+finite $K(G,1)$implies virtually cyclic?

I heard from someone that the following problem is an open question.
(Open Problem 1)For a countable discrete group $G$, suppose it does not contain any Baumslag-Solitar subgroups $BS(m,n):=\langle ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

342 views

### Between compact and locally uniform: What is the name of this convergence?

Let $X$ be a topological space, $(Y,d)$ a metric space, $f\in Y^X$, and $(f_n)$ a sequence in $Y^X$ with the following property:
For every $x_0\in X$ and every $\varepsilon>0$, there exist a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Systems of equations in Boolean Algebra

I have to study systems of equations in a Boolean algebra, the matrix is $m\times n$ with $m\neq n$. The Boolean algebra is actually the simplest one, it contains only $0$ and $1$, let us denote it by ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

674 views

### Von Neumann's consistency proof

In the paper Zur Hilbertschen Beweistheorie, John Von Neumann has proposed a consistency proof for
a fragment of first-order arithmetic (the fragment without induction and with
the successor axioms ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

283 views

### 'etale topology [duplicate]

Could you recommend me please some basic, self-contained books on 'etale topology. I read Yoshida's article "local class field theory via lubin-tate theory" and some people said that it is somehow ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

324 views

### Normal Covering of a Finite Group

Suppose $G$ is a finite group and $N_1, N_2, \cdots, N_k$ are proper normal subgroups of $G$. The set $\{ N_1, \cdots, N_k\}$ is called a normal cover for $G$, if $G = \cup_{i=1}^kN_i$. I need to the ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

248 views

### Closure of the orbits of the $SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$-action on $\mathbb{R}^2$

I'm coming with a very basic question for which I can't find an answer. Please forgive me if I didn't search efficiently enough.
What can the closure of an orbit of an element $X$ of $\mathbb{R}^2$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

412 views

### Reference for a fact (?) on homeomorphic knot complements

Does somebody have a reference (or an argument why it should be true) for the following statement?
“Let $K$ and $K'$ be knots in $S^3$. If there is an orientation-preserving homeomorphism $h : S^3 ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### torsion free for the 2nd cohomology group?

Let $G$ denotes an infinite coutable discrete group with Kazhdan's property (T),
My question is:
is it known that the 2nd cohomology group $H^2(G,\mathbb{Z}G)$ is torsion free?
Thanks in advance!
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Picard of the product of two curves

Can anyone point to me where I can find the proof that the Picard group of the product of two curves is isomorphic to the product of the Picard groups times the hom among the Jacobians?
Does the ...