This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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### Tensor product over a monoid in a monoidal category

nLab article on tensor product says:
"Given two objects in a monoidal category $(C,\otimes)$ with a right and left action, respectively, of some monoid $A$, their tensor product over $A$ is the ...

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180 views

### Do geodesics in SL2R map to geodesics in the hyperbolic plane?

I am looking for a reference/proof/disproof of the following statement.
Equip the Lie group $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ with the left-invariant Riemannian metric, whichis given on the Lie algebra by $\langle ...

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19 views

### Caffarelli-Silvestre extension definition of fractional Laplace-Beltrami on hypersurface

Let $\Gamma \subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ be a $n$-dimensional (closed) $C^k$-hypersurface. Consider the problem
$$\nabla_\Gamma \cdot (y^{1-2s}\nabla_\Gamma u)(x,y) =0 \quad \text{for $(x,y) \in \Gamma ...

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28 views

### The hypertriangular function of $n$

I'm looking for papers or recent results on the hypertriangular function of $n$:
$$H_t(n)= \displaystyle\sum\limits_{k=1}^{n} k^k$$
This is A001923 in the OEIS.
I don't have much experience with ...

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votes

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549 views

### Where do Set Theory and Number Theory meet together?

As all know, by absoluteness theorems in Set Theory, most of theorems in number theory are $ZFC$-provable if and only if they are consistent with $ZFC$, it's because of absoluteness of essence of ...

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votes

**1**answer

393 views

### Beginners Guide to Cartan for Beginners [on hold]

I am working through parts of Cartan For Beginners by Ivey and Landsberg. Thankfully some exercises have solutions, but, we would benefit from some additional guidance.
Question: I am seeking ...

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523 views

### Unstable homotopy groups of spheres beyond Toda's range

In 1962 Toda published his book "Composition methods in homotopy groups of spheres", which contains computations of $\pi_{n+k}(S^n)$ for $k\le 19$ and $n\le 20$. The values of these groups are ...

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**1**answer

589 views

### A generalization of intermediate value theorem on R^k

Let $f:[0,1]\to\mathbb R^k$ be a continuous function with $f(1) = \overrightarrow 0$.
Is it true that there always exist $k$ points $0 \le a_1 \le a_2 \le \ldots \le a_k \le 1$ such that $\sum_{i=1}^k ...

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votes

**1**answer

246 views

### Subquotients in the Verma filtration on Verma modules

Let $\lambda$ be a dominant integral weight of $\mathfrak g$, a finite-dimensional reductive Lie algebra over $\mathbb C$. Let $M(w\cdot \lambda)$ denote the Verma module with high weight $w\cdot ...

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### Existence of solution to weak form of linear equation with boundary integral (parabolic PDE)

Let $W(0,T) := \{ u \in L^2(0,T;H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)) \mid u_t \in L^2(0,T;H^{-\frac{1}{2}}(\partial\Omega))\}$. Let $\gamma$ and $\xi$ denote the trace map and its right inverse.
Does there ...

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**0**answers

409 views

### The integral of torsion

I found the following * exercise (exercise *9) in page 407 of the book of Do Carmo "Differential geometry of curves and surfaces". This problem is a classical theorem which is referenced in the book ...

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71 views

### invariant measures of the expanding maps on the circle

I would be very happy to know about original references for the following results;
For the expanding map $x \mapsto mx$ on the circle, (with $m$ some integer greater than 1)
(1) There exist ...

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**0**answers

1k views

### Grothendieck 's question - any update?

This question is migrated from math.stackexchange. I ask because it is still unclear to me and I did not receive an answer.
I was reading Barry Mazur's biography and come across this part:
...

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votes

**1**answer

762 views

### Joyal's letter to Grothendieck

Mostly out of curiosity: Where do I find Joyal's letter to Grothendieck in which he defines a model structure on simplicial sheaves?
The question was already asked in this MO post, but that ...

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votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Results about moduli of surfaces

There are early successes of the moduli theory
- the construction and compactification of the moduli spaces of curves $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_g$ .
I want to study about the moduli of algebraic ...

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votes

**2**answers

263 views

### Showing $H^1(\partial\Omega) \subset H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)$ is continuous?

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded Lipschitz domain.
How does one prove that the inclusion $H^1(\partial\Omega) \subset H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)$ is continuous?
I define $H^{\frac 1 ...

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**5**answers

1k views

### Verlinde's formula

"Verlinde's formula" predicts the dimension of the space of conformal blocks of a chiral CFT.
Depending on...
• which chiral CFT one considers (does one restrict to WZW models, or not?)
...

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votes

**1**answer

131 views

### When is $\vartheta(x)>x$? [Skewes number analog]

Let $\vartheta(x)=\sum_{p\le x}\log p$. What is known about the first time $\vartheta(x)>x?$
Bays & Hudson give good upper bounds (slightly improved by Chao & Plymen) on the first crossing ...

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votes

**1**answer

87 views

### Hopf structures on “pictorial” descriptions of permutations

There is a well-known Hopf structure on permutations, due to Malvenuto and Reutenauer. Here, the F basis elements are permutations in one-line notation, the product of two permutations is their ...

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**1**answer

72 views

### Any two bivariate algebraically dependent polynomials are always in the same ring generated by some bivariate polynomial?

If $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ are two algebraically dependent polynomials over some field $k$, is it true that there exists a bivariate polynomial $p(x,y)$ such that both $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ are in the ...

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**1**answer

79 views

### References: Solutions of the Bethe Ansatz Equations [on hold]

Could someone show me good references to find solutions of the Bethe Ansatz Equations, for simple cases (using algebraic geometry or others interfaces with mathematics)?

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283 views

### A bit of history of Verdier duality

I was wondering who originated the presentation of Verdier duality as an equivalence between categories of sheaves and cosheaves ?
I learnt it reading Jacob Lurie's Higher Algebra and Justin Curry's ...

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558 views

### Zeros of the derivative of Riemann's $\xi$-function

The Riemann xi function $\xi(s)$ is defined as
$$
\xi(s)=\frac12 s(s-1)\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s).
$$
It is an entire function whose zeros are precisely those of $\zeta(s)$.
Since $\xi$ is real ...

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votes

**1**answer

196 views

### A More Advanced Version of Aluffi's Chapter 0

This is a crosspost of this question from MSE.
Paulo Aluffi's Book, Algebra, Chapter 0 aims to teach basic algebra from a categorical viewpoint. The first chapters of the book, however, introduce ...

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36 views

### finding dominating cycles in $2K_2$-free graphs

A cycle $C$ in a connected graph $G$ is called dominating if its complement $V(G)-V(C)$ is an independent set. H.J. Veldman proved in 1983 (Disc. Math. v.43, 281-96) a general result that in ...

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172 views

### Is every projective space curve a set-theoretic intersection of two surfaces? What is known about this question?

I am sorry if this question has been already asked, couldn't find anything similar myself. I have recently recalled this long standing open problem of whether every curve in $\mathbb{P}^3(\mathbb{C})$ ...

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votes

**1**answer

425 views

### For what nonnegative measures $\mu$ does $\mu*e^{-|\cdot|}\in L^{\infty}$?

I am trying to characterize all measures on $\mathbb{R}$ such that
$$
\sup_{x\in\mathbb{R}} \: (\mu*f)(x)<+\infty,
$$
where $f(x)$ is some specific integrable functions, such as $f(x)=e^{-|x|}$, ...

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votes

**1**answer

82 views

### System of linear first order PDE with constant coefficients

recently in my researches I've come across the following operator
$$L\left(\begin{array}{c}
a_1\\
\vdots\\
a_n
\end{array}\right)=M_1\left(\begin{array}{c}
...

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votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Cap product à la Poincaré

Recently, it became apparent to me that I was not the only one who always first thought in terms of cap product before actually computing a cup product. There is no denying this is evil, but I found ...

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**0**answers

51 views

### Reference : Special case of Banach-valued function integration by parts

Let $u \in L^p (0,T; L^1(\Omega))$ with $\partial_t u \in L^p(0,T; L^1(\Omega))$ and $v \in L^q (0,T; L^\infty(\Omega))$ with $\partial_t u \in L^q(0,T; L^\infty(\Omega))$ (with $1/p+1/q=1$ and $p \in ...

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**1**answer

699 views

### What would be the consequences of $\displaystyle{\lim\inf_{n\to\infty}p_{n+k}-p_{n}\sim k\log k}$?

The question is in the title: what would be the number theoretic consequences if we managed to establish the conjectured asymptotic equality $\displaystyle{\lim\inf_{n\to\infty}p_{n+k}-p_{n}\sim k\log ...

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votes

**1**answer

406 views

### The Weyl algebra modules which are also rings

Consider the space $C^\infty(\mathbb{R})$. We have on it a natural action of the Weyl algebra generated by $x$ and $d/dx$, where $x$ is the coordinate on $\mathbb{R}$, and there is plenty of Weyl ...

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votes

**1**answer

639 views

### Producing finite objects by forcing!

It is a trivial fact that forcing can not produce finite sets of ground model objects. However there are situations,
where we can use forcing to prove the existence of finite objects with some ...

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votes

**2**answers

157 views

### reference help indecomposable representations of SL(2,R)

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the Lie algebra $\mathfrak{sl}_2(\mathbb{C})$, $K=SO(2)$ the maximal compact subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$. Then the classification of irreducible admissible ...

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**0**answers

144 views

### Dehn-Sommerville relations for $\Delta$-complexes

Let $M$ be a closed, triangulated manifold of dimension $m$ and $K(M)$ be its triangulation. Let $f_i$ denote the number of $i$-simplices of $K(M)$. As proved by Klee the face numbers satisfy the ...

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**1**answer

563 views

### Is there a probability theory developed in intuitionistic logic?

Since Boole it is known that probability theory is closely related to logic.
According to the axioms of Kolmogorov, probability theory is formulated with a (normalized)
probability measure ...

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vote

**1**answer

65 views

### Smooth unit vector field on a tetrahedron to interpolate vertex constraints

For a tetrahedron $T\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ with vertices $r_i\in \mathbb{R}^3$ , $i=1,\ldots,4$, and unit vectors $u_i\in \mathbb{S}^2$ at each vertex $i=1,\ldots,4$
consider the (energy) functional
...

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vote

**1**answer

228 views

### Sufficient conditions for equality of measures related to harmonic functions

In Axler's book "Harmonic function theory" on this link http://www.latp.univ-mrs.fr/~chaabi/ARTICLES%20IMPORTANTS/Autres%20articles%20interessant/Livres/Harmonic%20Function%20theory.pdf on page 112 ...

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58 views

### Better version of “Monotonicity methods in Hilbert spaces and some applications to nonlinear PDEs..”

I am asking whether any one knows of a better source for the text
Monotonicity methods in Hilbert spaces and some applications to nonlinear partial differential
equations by H. Brezis
which I ...

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votes

**2**answers

4k views

### Partitioning a polygon into convex parts

I'm looking for an algorithm to partition any simple closed polygon into convex sub-polygons--preferably as few as possible.
I know almost nothing about this subject, so I've been searching on Google ...

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**2**answers

315 views

### Morse lemma with least amount of regularity.

I recently came across with $C^2$ Morse functions in my work and as I was reviewing some of the stuff I learned about Morse theory, I noticed that all the proofs of the Morse lemma I could come across ...

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votes

**1**answer

819 views

### Central extension of the algebraic loop group

I'm doing some constructions with the universal central extension $\widehat{\Omega G}$ of the loop group $\Omega G$ (here $G$ is a matrix group), where a priori the loops involved are just smooth, but ...

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votes

**1**answer

104 views

### Orthogonal polynomial under linear transformation

Let $M_n(x) = x^n$ be the standard monomials. The binomial formula allows one to expand $M_n(ax+b)$ as a linear combination of $M_k(x)$, for $k \leq n$, giving
$$
M_n(ax+b) = (ax+b)^n = \sum_{k=0}^n ...

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38 views

### Reason for the Choice of Line Parameters in the Radon Transform

Why are the lines, over which the integrals in a Radon Transform are calculated, apparently always parameterized as $L(t,\phi,\alpha) := ...

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**0**answers

119 views

### Good Pre-Calculus book? [closed]

I was reading this article and the author mentioned I should come here and get some advice. I'm 17, currently taking Pre-Calc in high schooling doing really good, but I feel like I'm not getting the ...

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**0**answers

130 views

### On a paper by Yoneda [closed]

The reason why I asked this previous question was gathering some informations for the note on coend calculus I've just (almost) finished.
Unfortunately, I'm still unable to retrieve the original ...

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**5**answers

1k views

### Compactness of the Hilbert cube without the Axiom of Choice

I am just curious: is there a published proof of the compactness of the Hilbert cube that does not use the Axiom of Choice, or is it well known?

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3k views

### totally disconnected and zero-dimensional spaces

When do the notions of totally disconnected space and zero-dimensional space coincide? From what I gather, there are at least three common notions of topological dimension: covering dimension, small ...

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**0**answers

168 views

### Please help me to find a paper by J. Wu [closed]

I am looking for the following paper:
J. Wu, Combinatorial descriptions of the homotopy groups of certain
spaces, Math. Proc. Camb. Philos. Soc. 130 (2001), 489-513.
Many thanks for helping me ...

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votes

**3**answers

835 views

### Signal Analysis/Processing Textbook

Can anybody recommend me a decent Signal Analysis/Processing textbook. If possible one that deals a little with MATLAB. I have an little knowledge of Real Analysis and fourier transforms. Wavelets i ...