This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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4
votes
1answer
110 views

Which valuations of a field yield codimension $1$ subschemes of their 'models'

For a field $F$ (for example, a one generated by a finite number of its elements) there is a directed set of its 'models' (in this case those are 'arithmetic' schemes whose fraction field is $F$). It ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Reference request for instantons

I've been researching instantons lately and I'd like to learn more about them but would like some help finding what to read. I have read about the ADHM equations and their noncommutative analogues. ...
5
votes
2answers
90 views

Poisson ideals vs. ideals generated by Poisson central elements

Let $R$ be a Poisson algebra (over $\mathbb C$, say) with Poisson center $Z = \{c \in R : \{c,R\} = 0\}$ and consider two types of ideals $I \leq R$: $I = \langle (c_i) \rangle$ is generated by ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Is the set of $C^\infty$ sections a strong deformation retract of the space of $C^k$ sections?

For finite-dimensional smooth manifolds $E,M$, let $E\to M$ be a smooth fibre bundle. Let $k\in\mathbb{N}=\{0,1,\dots\}$, and let $U$ be an open subset of the total space $J^kE$ of the $k$-jet bundle. ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Examples of functions with natural boundary that do not satisfy Fabry or Hadamard gap theorem condition

there are examples of lacunary functions with natural boundary that do not satisfy Fabry or Hadamard gap theorem condition.I want to know more examples of those functions,the more the ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Complement of bifurcation variety

I am reading a seminal paper of Arnold "Normal forms of functions near degenerate critical points, the Weyl group of $A_k$, $D_k$, $E_k$ and lagrangian singularities". Let $f\colon \mathbb{C}^n\to ...
3
votes
2answers
111 views

Bochner's theorem for measures of positive type

Is there a version of Bochner's theorem characterizing measures of positive type on a locally compact group? By a measure of positive type on the group $\Gamma$, I mean a measure $\mu$ satisfying ...
3
votes
3answers
77 views

graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product

Has anyone written about the graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product/star product, that is, where the original algebra is already graded? Is it just a matter of signs?
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Giant Rat of Sumatra singularity

I would be grateful for explanations of the issues raised in any of these three questions, or pointers to the relevant literature (now updated with answers): How did a particular singularity come ...
4
votes
0answers
122 views

Quotienting disk inside sphere result in sphere

Let $S^k$ be a topological $k$-dimensional sphere. Let $D^k$ be a $k$ dimensional disk that includes in $S^k$. Let $q: D^k \to D^r$ be a map and $r \leq k$. Let $$W = S^k \sqcup D^r/\sim$$ where ...
1
vote
0answers
127 views

Hodge modules and Deligne-Beilinson cohomology of function fields

Let $K$ be a function field over complex numbers i.e. the fraction field of a complex variety. Then one can define the Deligne-Beilinson cohomology and mixed Hodge modules for $K$ as the direct limit ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

Clifford algebras for quadratic modules over ringed spaces

What is the earliest possible reference for definition and basic properties of Clifford algebras associated to quadratic modules over a ringed space? The ringed space does not need to be locally ...
8
votes
3answers
284 views

Voronoi cells and the dual complexes in Riemannian manifolds

I would like to use some "intuitively clear" properties of Voronoi cells in general Riemannian manifolds, but I have trouble finding references. Let $(X,d)$ be a connected Riemannian manifold and ...
0
votes
1answer
612 views

“Descending cohomology, geometrically” by Mazur:

(Exist texts of that talk or related texts: http://ttv.mit.edu/collections/harris60/videos/13881-problem-session-barry-mazur ?) Article: http://www.math.harvard.edu/~mazur/papers/page37.pdf
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Reference for the result that the systol map from Teichmuller space to curve complex is coarsely Lipschitz

Let $\mathcal{T}(S)$ denotes the Teichmuller space of a finite type surface $S$ equipped with Teichmuller metric and $\mathcal{C}(S)$ denotes the curve complex. Define a map ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

How does one show that slope stability of a vector bundle is an open condition with respect to the polarisation?

I would like a source for the following result, which I expect to be true (probably well known): Let $X$ be a complex projective variety, $L$ an ample line bundle and $E$ a slope stable vector bundle ...
1
vote
0answers
172 views

Complex structures on Riemann surfaces

This is cross posted from math.SE: http://math.stackexchange.com/q/876432/9 Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $[\alpha] \in H^{0,1}(M; T^{1,0} M) \simeq (H^0(M;K^2))^*$. Considering $\alpha$ as a map ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Maximal compact subgroups of a semisimple Lie group are conjugate

I'm trying to go through the proof that all maximal compact subgroups of a semisimple Lie group $G$ are conjugate. I know that a possible proof follows the following steps: Take one maximal compact ...
0
votes
0answers
161 views

Non-Abelian Fourier Analysis

I'm currently thinking to generalize a known result on abelian groups to non-abelian groups. This is the problem. Fix an abelian group $G$. We know that: $\mathbb{E}_{\chi\in ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

What is a degenerate Legendre Transformation?

I am studying the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian description of some dynamical systems. The problem with this description of the particular kind of systems I am studying, is that the Legendre ...
2
votes
3answers
440 views

Fracture Squares of Bousfield Localizations of Spectra

Suppose I have a spectrum $X$ and two homology theories $E$ and $F$. If I look at the Bousfield localizations, $L_E$, $L_F$, $L_{E\vee F}$ and $L_{E\wedge F}$, do I have a homotopy pullback square ...
4
votes
1answer
215 views

Noncommutative HKR theorem

What is the analog of HKR theorem in the noncommutative world? Recall that the well-known theorem by Hochschild-Kostant-Rosenberg says that for a smooth commutative algebra $A$ of finite type ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

On two notions of 'generators' for a 'large' triangulated category

Let $C$ be a triangulated category that is closed with respect to arbitrary small coproducts; let $D$ be some class of objects of $C$. Then it would be natural to say that $D$ generates $C$ either if ...
10
votes
1answer
546 views

Harrington's unpublished note “The constructible reals can be anything”

Around 1974, Leo Harringto wrote an unpublished note entitled "The constructible reals can be anything", in which he proved that it is consistent that being $\Delta^1_n$ is the same as being ...
6
votes
1answer
224 views

The definition of < in Robinson's Q

I recently had to explain how the basic axioms in Simpson's Subsystems of Second Order Arithmetic were interpretable in Robinson's Q. Most of the axioms are actually the same, except that Simpson ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

$RO(G)$-Graded Cohomology Theories

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group with real representation ring $RO(G)$. Recently, I have been learning about some aspects of $RO(G)$-graded cohomology theories (for a precise definition, see Chapter ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Fourier transform of the unit sphere

The Fourier transform of the volume form of the (n-1)-sphere in $\mathbf R^n$ is given by the well-known formula $$ \int_{S^{n-1}}e^{i\langle\mathbf a,\mathbf u\rangle}d\sigma(\mathbf u) = (2\pi)^{\nu ...
1
vote
0answers
245 views

Grothendieck's letter to serre

Is it the letter dated in 27/08/1965 of Grothendieck where he presents to Serre the Standard conjectures on algebraic cycles?
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Localization of symmetric monoidal category

Let $\mathcal M$ be a symmetric monoidal category, $S\subset \mathcal M$ a collection of objects and morphisms. I would like to construct the localization $\mathcal M \mathop{\longrightarrow}^T ...
2
votes
3answers
445 views

Reference request: SGA7

I want to read SGA7. Without considering the others SGA and EGA, Which are the textbooks for monodromy theory?
1
vote
0answers
78 views

A topological criterion for connectedness of a semi-ample divisor

I have a half page long proof of the following statement, and I would like to know if this is (a corollary of) a well known statement. Maybe there is a reference or a three lines proof? Statement. ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Ergodic theory reference for converging sequences of matrices

I have been told that the following is a well known theorem in ergodic theory & have been given the book by Furstenberg as a reference. However, I cannot find such a statement in it. Would anyone ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

References for the Keisler Order

Are there any good/modern references on the Keisler order. I have been reading Keisler's original paper, "Ultraproducts which are not Saturated", which introduces the order. However it is somewhat ...
1
vote
3answers
274 views

A special case of the uniformization theorem

I am interested in a proof of the following fact : Suppose that $X$ is a Riemann surface homeomorphic to the Riemann sphere. Then $X$ is conformally equivalent to the Riemann sphere. Of course, this ...
5
votes
1answer
256 views

Detection of stable homotopy by K-theory spectra

This is primarily a reference request. Does anyone know of any writing about algebraic K-theory spectra picking up elements in the stable homotopy groups of spheres in their Hurewicz image coming from ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Fermat's proof for $x^3-y^2=2$

Fermat proved that $x^3-y^2=2$ has only one solution $(x,y)=(3,5)$. After some search,i found only proofs using factorization over the ring $Z[\sqrt{-2}]$. My question is: Is this Fermat's ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Generators for lattice polytopes

Let $V$ be a finite set of integral vectors in $\mathbb{R}_n$. Consider the real (positive) convex cone $\mathbb{R}^+V$ spanned by $V$. We can assume that all vectors in $V$ are extremal in ...
5
votes
1answer
249 views

Serious introduction to the Langlands program for nonspecialist

I recently became interested in the Langlands program and hope to learn more. For context, I am an analytic number theorist but have some light background in algebraic number theory and modular ...
7
votes
3answers
537 views

nth term in the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula

I am trying to prove a result for which I need the nth term of the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula. I came at this particular result (which is not of significance for the question, but mentioning for ...
2
votes
2answers
213 views

Basic questions on the Hilbert scheme/ Douady space

Let $X$ be a complex projective scheme (resp. complex analytic space). The Hilbert scheme (resp. Douady space) parameterizes closed subschemes (resp. complex analytic subspaces) of $X$. More ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

References for crystal bases and Demazure modules in representation theory

I was wondering what are some standard general references/books/survey articles about: (1) crystal bases, and string parameterizations and (2) Demazure modules, and Schubert varieties (containing ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Weil's Riemann Hypothesis for dummies?

Weil's Riemann Hypothesis is a deep result that I don't fully understand, but it has understandable corollaries which interest me. For example: (a) For any projective curve $X$ satisfying certain ...
8
votes
0answers
203 views

(Reduced) cyclic homology of a free product of unital algebras

Shameless upfloat of 1-year old question - the motivation is that in general the corresponding Banach version is false, so I am trying to see where the proof breaks down, and what (if anything) can be ...
-2
votes
0answers
72 views

Any other operators that may convert agebraic function into transcendental ones [closed]

As we know,integral may convert or map a rational function or algebraic function into transcendental one,are there any other operators that may convert a rational function or algebraic function into ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

Is there is a known relation or expression containing the algebraic rank $r$?

Let $$L(C,s)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{a_n}{n^s}$$ be the Dirichlet series of the Hasse--Weil L-function of an elliptic curve $C$ over $ℚ$. The modularity theorem implies that $L(C,s)$ is the ...
0
votes
1answer
243 views

a book comparable to Development of mathematics in the 19th century by F.Klein? [closed]

This book is apparently very interesting according to Vladimir Arnold. I couldn't get my hand on a copy yet, therefore I would to ask you for any reference similar to it, and also can you post ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

Asymptotics and error terms for an arithmetic function built upon $\omega$ and $\Omega$ functions

For any real number $x$, let's define $Om_{k}(x)$ as the number of positive integers $m$ below $x$ such that $\Omega(m)-\omega(m)=k$, where $\omega(n)$ is the number of distinct primes dividing $n$, ...
-2
votes
0answers
51 views

Di Perna-Lions theory for transport equation [closed]

Does someone know if some notes on the topic mentioned in the title are available online? I'm reading the paper "Ordinary differential equations, transport theory and Sobolev spaces" by Di Perna and ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Uniformization/measurable selection theorems

Let $X,Y$ be measurable spaces and $F\subseteq X\times Y$. We say that $f:X\to Y$ is a uniformization map for $F$ if $(x,f(x))\in F$ for each $x\in \pi_X(F)$ where $\pi_X$ is the left projection map. ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

polynomial 0,1 integer programming

IS there a mathematical optimization branch that explicitly tries to optimize this (type) problem? $$\eqalign{ & \min \cr & \sum\limits_{i = 1}^N {(J*s[i] + {J_1}*s[i]*s[i + 1] + ...