# Tagged Questions

This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

**4**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

+50

### Connection between connectivity and cohesion of a graph

Tutte [1] proved that, for every $3$-connected graph $G$ and vertices $u$ and $v$, there exists a nonseparating $uv$-path.
A graph $G$ is $t$-cohesive if $G$ is connected, has at least two vertices, ...

**14**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Are there smooth bodies of constant width?

The standard Reuleaux triangle is not smooth, but the three
points of tangential discontinuity can be smoothed as
in the figure below (left), from the Wikipedia article.
However, it is unclear (to me) ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### Reference request: Optimal $L^p$-decay for nonhomogenous heat equation in $\mathbb R^d$

Let $u$ be a classical solution for the nonhomogeneous heat equation in $\mathbb R_+ \times\mathbb R^d$:
$$
\begin{cases}
\partial_tu(t,x)-\Delta u(t,x) = f(t,x), \\
u(0,x)=u_0(x).
\end{cases}
$$
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Reference request: Riesz potential $I_\alpha : L^{d/\alpha} \to \rm{BMO}$?

Let us denote the Riesz potential in $\mathbb R^d$ by
$$
I_\alpha (f)(x) := c_{d, \alpha} \int_{\mathbb R^d} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}}
\, dy.$$
By the classical Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev theorem ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### Question about measure lemma?

"Let (u_j) be a bounded sequence from $W^{1,p}(\Omega)$ how to prove that there exists a subsequence such that $u_j\rightharpoonup u$ in $W^{1,p}_0(\Omega)$ and $|\nabla u_j|\rightharpoonup d\mu,$ ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

203 views

### Has this formula for $G_{k}:=\lim\inf_{n\to\infty}p_{n+k}-p_{n}$ been conjectured?

I give here a heuristics that suggests that the quantity $\displaystyle{G_{k}:=\liminf_{n\to\infty}p_{n+k}-p_{n}}$ should be approximately equal to $k(1+H_{k})$, where $H_{k}$ is the $k$-th harmonic ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### Lower bound on class number of binary quadratic forms of discriminant of the form $n^2+4$

While searching for a use for the "sum invariant" of indefinite binary quadratic forms of discriminant $D = n^2 + 4$ (see https://cs.uwaterloo.ca/journals/JIS/VOL17/Smith/smith5.html), I believe I ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

58 views

### Generalization of Schur polynomials

I am making a list of generalizations of Schur polynomials and other closely related polynomials that appear in representation theory. My motivation is to eventually make a nice poster of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### A homomorphism in the long exact sequence of a fibration for a homogeneous space of a Lie group

Let $G$ be a connected Lie group, and let $H\subset G$ be a (closed) Lie subgroup, not necessarily connected. Set $X=G/H$.
The fibration $j\colon G\to X$ with fiber $H$ induces an exact sequence
$$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Generalization of a class of sets [on hold]

In topological space, we start with open set, which serves as fundamental set. We know that union of finite disjoint open sets is the smallest set amongst any kind of unions of open sets, so we have a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

55 views

### Sobolev multiplication $\otimes$ of $H^1=W^{1,2}$ in vector bundles

Let $E\to X$ be a vector bundle with an inner product and fix a reference connection $A_0$ on $E$. Then for $1\leq p < \infty$ and $k\geq 0$ we can define the Sobolev space $W^{k,p}(E)$ as the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Is it possible to find an explicit definition of the “universal” (co)tangent bundle?

Let $H_{0,1}(\mathbb{P}^2, d)$ be the space of holomorphic degree $d$
maps (that are not multiply covered) from $\mathbb{P}^1$ to $\mathbb{P}^2$ with one marked point
$y \in \mathbb{P^1} $ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

83 views

### Inner product spaces without symmetry/hermitian axiom

Consider a vector space $X$ over $\mathbb R$ and a bilinear form
$ \langle \cdot, \cdot \rangle : X \times X \rightarrow \mathbb R$.
We assume furthermore that for any $x \in X$ there exists $y \in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

135 views

### compact inclusion of domains of unbounded operators

Let $L$ be a positive self-adjoint operator defined densely on $L^2(M)$ where $M$ is a compact manifold.
Also, let $\mathcal{D}(L) \subset H^1(M)$. It is known that $\mathcal{D}(L) \subset ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Rellich's theorem from compact resolvent

On a compact Riemannian manifold, we know that the Laplacian $\Delta$ has compact resolvent. In proving this, one typical way is to use Rellich's theorem about the compact embedding of $H^1(M)$ into ...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

531 views

### Volume of the unitary group

I saw a very remarkable asymptotic formula (or a conjecture?) for the volume of of the unitary group $ U(n)$ which is the following:
$$\log[\mathrm{Volume}(U(n))] \sim_{n\rightarrow \infty} ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Explicit examples of Dehn presentations of hyperbolic groups

It is well known fact that a (f.g.) group is hyperbolic if and only if it admits a (finite) Dehn presentation.
My question concerns something I'm struggling with since the first time I read the proof ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

127 views

### Accuracy of the formulas for angles between almost colinear vectors

Assume $x$ and $y$ are two vectors in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and we want to compute the acute angle $\alpha\in(0,\pi/2]$ between these two (noncolinear) vectors. There are (at least) two possibilities:
In ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### A survey for various $K$-homology theories and their relationship

The ordinary Topological $K$ theory defined by Atiyah and Hirzebruch is a generalized cohomology theory (see wikipedia).There is the Bott spectrum associated to this generalized cohomology ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

295 views

### Fair cake-cutting between groups

The cake-cutting game is usually played between individuals. What if we try to play it between groups?
A certain land has to be divided between two states. There are $n$ citizens in each state. ...

**6**

votes

**7**answers

640 views

### Source for roots of matrix polynomials?

A
matrix polynomial
is a polynomial whose variables are square $n \times n$ matrices,
let's say with entries in $\mathbb{C}$, and with coefficients in $\mathbb{C}$.
I am seeking a source of results on ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### What is the relation between the $K_0$ of a singular curve and its normalization?

Let $X$ be a singular curve over a field $k$. We define $K_0(X)$ to be the Grothendieck group of the category of coherent sheaves on $X$.
For $X$ we have its normalization $\widetilde{X}$ and hence ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

684 views

### Where did (or will) appear: “Funktorialität in der Theorie der automorphen Formen” by Langlands?

In 2010 Langlands wrote an article with the title Funktorialität in der Theorie der automorphen Formen: Ihre Entdeckung und ihre Ziele. On the IAS website, he says that
This note ... was ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

136 views

### A question on (odd) perfect numbers

I have asked this question in MSE a few weeks back, but did not receive any responses. I have cross-posted it to MO, hoping that it is appropriate for this site.
Let $\sigma(x)$ be the (classical) ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### Stochastic differential equation associated with an optimal control problem

We know how to find the stochastic differential equation (Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation, HJB) of the control problem where a process $X_t$ is controlled up until it is stopped at a stopping time ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

227 views

### Is anything known about the eigenspectrum of the regular representation of the permutation group?

I am looking for information like upper bounds on how many times any eigenvalue can occur or something like how many eigenvalues can be there in some given range. Is anything like this known?
The ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

231 views

### Reference for “if the set $A$ is Suslin, then every $\Sigma^1_1(A)$ set is Suslin”

Does anyone know of a reference for one or both of the following facts (in $\mathsf{ZF}$)?
If the set of reals $A$ is Suslin, then every $\Sigma^1_1(A)$ set of reals is Suslin.
If $T$ is a tree on ...

**44**

votes

**7**answers

13k views

### Is Mac Lane still the best place to learn category theory?

For a student embarking on a study of algebraic topology, requiring a knowledge of basic category theory, with a long-term view toward higher/stable/derived category theory, ...
Is Mac Lane still ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

187 views

### Is this characterization of (-1)-eigenspaces of the Weyl group of $E_6$ known?

I recently needed to know which circles $S$ in a maximal torus $T^6$ of the compact exceptional group $E_6$ yield one-dimensional subspaces $\mathfrak s$ of the Lie algebra $\mathfrak t^6$ that are ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

183 views

### Is dimension invariant under blow-ups?

Let $X'\rightarrow X$ be a blow-up of a finitely dimensional scheme $X$ in a center $D$.
Under which assumptions one has $\dim X'=\dim X$? Do you know a proof or a reference for a proof? Do you know ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

202 views

### Some general properties of arithmetic groups of simplest type

I'm working in the area of arithmetic Kleinian groups (as discrete groups of motions of hyperbolic 3-space). For the more general case of hyperbolic $n$-space, there is a particular class of ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### An unfair marriage lemma

I am looking for a citeable reference to the following generalization of Hall's Marriage Theorem:
Given a bipartite graph of boys and girls. In addition to gender difference, they are divided into ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### Is there any computation of $K^0(X)$ and $K_0(X)$ for a singular curve $X$?

Let $X$ be a projective curve over an algebraic closed field $k$ which characteristic zero. Define $K^0(X)$ as the Grothendieck group of the derived category $Perf(X)$ and $K_0(X)$ as the Grothendieck ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

64 views

### Nested convex optimization

Suppose I have a convex optimization problem of the form $$\min_x f(x) ~~s.t.\\x\in X$$. Say that $f(x)$ and its (sub)gradient are not given in a closed form, but are determined by solving a convex ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

231 views

### Stability conditions of coherent sheaves on abelian 3-folds

My work for now consists on understanding stability conditions of coherent sheaves on abelian 3-folds. I have the book by D. Huybrechts (the geometry of moduli spaces of sheaves), But I would like to ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Some $q-$analogues of $ \sum\limits_{j = - k}^k {{{( - 1)}^{ j}}}\binom{n}{k-j}\binom{n}{k+j}=\binom{n}{k}.$

Let ${\left( {a;q} \right)_n}=\prod\limits_{j = 0}^{n - 1} {(1-{q^j}a} )$ and
let $ {{n}\brack{k}}_q$ denote a $q-$binomial coefficient.
I am interested in $q-$analogues of the identity $ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Universal anti-Horn classes?

Is there published work about universal anti-Horn classes?
Anti-Horn formulas are also sometimes known as dual Horn.
See also related question Is there any research of universal algebras ...

**24**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Forcing as a replacement of induction and diagonal arguments

Let me give some examples motivating the question.
The use of forcing instead of induction: For this consider Cantor's theorem:
Theorem 1. Any two countable dense linear orders $I, J$ without end ...

**15**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Fermat numbers and the infinitude of primes

Wonder whether any of you guys know why it is that the proof of the infinitude of primes that is based on the coprimality of any pair of (distinct) Fermat numbers is commonly attributed to Pólya.
In ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Non-negativity of invariant polynomials

Certifying the non-negativity of a symmetric polynomial is much easier than
certifying the non-negativity of an arbitrary polynomial function:
for instance, in (1) is proved that the complexity of ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### Is the analytic version of the Whitney Approximation Theorem true?

I initially asked this question on MSE but I haven't had any luck.
The Whitney Approximation Theorem states that any continuous map between smooth manifolds is homotopic to a smooth map. If the ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

141 views

### étale cohomology via Cech cocycles for a quasi-projective scheme

I am looking for the explicit reference to the fact that for a quasi-projective scheme a class in the étale cohomology of a sheaf of a certain degree can by computed using Cech cocycles.

**1**

vote

**0**answers

30 views

### References to study Weak and Strong Topologies and aproximations on function spaces of manifolds

I´m studing weak and strong topologies and aproximations on the function space $C^{\infty}(M,N)$ of two manifolds $M$ and $N$. I´m using the book Differential Topology of Morris Hirsch but it is a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

33 views

### Green's function for fractional Laplacian

Consider the fractional differential equation
\begin{align}
D_{|x|}^\alpha u(x) +bu(x)=f(x)
\end{align}
with $0<\alpha<2$ on an unbounded domain. Instead of $D_{|x|}^\alpha$ one also often sees ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

51 views

### Largest regular $k$-simplex inscribed in a $d$-cube, $k < d$

The largest (by edge length) regular simplex inscribed in a unit cube
is well known in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and $\mathbb{R}^3$:
Image sources:
left: NMSU,
right: Mathworld.
A recent ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Help finding paper: De Concini, Kac - Quantum Groups at roots of 1

I am looking for a specific paper, that I have found very difficult to trace.
C. De Concini, V. Kac - Quantum Groups at roots of 1
Specifically, the paper is cited as follows (on De Concini's ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

391 views

### Between Tietze's and Dugundji's Extension Theorems

The celebrated Tietze Extension Theorem asserts that any continuous real-valued function defined on a closed subset of a normal space, can be extended to a continuous function on the whole space. Seen ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

146 views

### Existence of a measure-preserving bijection

Let $f, g \, \colon \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be two Borel-measurable functions such that $f$ is non negative and
g is radially symmetric,
the function $ (0, \infty )\ni t \mapsto g ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Non-ergodic Dye Theorem for orbit equivalent automorphisms

The Dye Theorem states that any two free ergodic p.m.p automorphisms of a standard probability space are orbit-equivalent.
Question: Is there a version of the above theorem for non-ergodic ...

**25**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Covering a unit ball with balls half the radius

This is a direct (and obvious) generalization of the recent MO question, "Covering disks with smaller disks":
How many balls of radius $\frac{1}{2}$ are needed to cover completely a ball of radius ...