This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

**-2**

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**0**answers

45 views

### Laplace-Beltrami operator [on hold]

I'm interesting in the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a sphere, more precisely its spectral properties including the spectral function, etc. So if someone can give me some references that treats this ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

614 views

### Strong Markov property for Poisson point process

The question is thoroughly contained in the title. I just say that I would only like to find a reference for this question. I have searched in some books, to no avail.
Here is what I mean exactly. ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### When is $a^{2^n}+1$ prime finitely often unconditionally?

Define generalized Fermat numbers following OEIS and mathworld.
For natural $a,n$ and $a$ even, the generalized Fermat number (GFN) is
$F_n(a)=a^{2^n}+1$.
Very large GFN primes are known (in the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### Short exact sequences for amalgamated free products and HNN Extensions

I asked this question on math stackexchange (see here) but didn't get any answer so I thought I would post it here too:
If $A$ and $B$ are groups we have the following short exact sequence:
$$ 0 \to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

26 views

### Colorful Neighborhoods

Given:
$G:=\{V= \{v_1,\ ...\ v_n\},E\subset V\times V\}, n<\infty$, a symmetric complete, simple graph
$w:=\ \ E \ni e_{ij}\mapsto \mathbb{R}^+$, a weight function for the edges of $G$
$K:=\{c_1,\ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Kolmogorov complexity of at least one string (from amongst those of a given length) is equal to its length

Is it true that for all strings of a given length at least one has its Kolmogorov complexity equal to its length ?(For any alphabet with more than 1 symbol)
Is there a proof if the answer is in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

67 views

### Homeomorphism of fibers of holomorphic maps

EDIT (after the comment by Jason Starr): Let $X$ be a complex algebraic (or more generally analytic) variety, possibly singular and non-compact. Let $f\colon X\to D^*$ be a proper algebraic morphism ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

529 views

### Distance between two knots

Are there some well-studied functions defining natural distance measures between two knots? One can imagine a function that counts, say, the minimum number of
moves, each of which passes one strand of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

28 views

### Reference request: Linear evolution equations of “hyperbolic type”

Does anyone have any accessable link to the following paper by Kato?
Linear evolution equations of “hyperbolic type”
Note: It is the first paper, not the sequel numbered by II. After several ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

242 views

### A result of Sierpiński on non-atomic measures

There is a classical result commonly attributed to W. Sierpiński that reads as follows:
Theorem 1. If $f: \Sigma \to \bf R$ is a non-atomic (*) measure on a set $S$, then for every $X \in \Sigma$ ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Good reference for studying operads?

Can you, please, recommend a good text about algebraic operads?
I know the main one, namely, Loday-Vallette "Algebraic operads". But it is very big and there is no way you can read it fast. Also ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Minimal Birthdays

In combinatorial game theory: The birthday of a game is defined recursively as 1 plus the maximal birthday of its options, with the zero game having birthday 0.
Suppose we define the quasi-birthday ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

221 views

### Hypothesis test beyond simple hypotheses (mathematical statistics)

In mathematical statistics, the following problem (simple hypothesis test) is considered: given a data sample, test the hypothesis $H_0$ stating that all sampled values are values of a random variable ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

298 views

### Is this almost-cosimplicial object familiar?

I have a sequence $X_0,X_1,\ldots$ of Abelian groups, along with face maps $d_0,\ldots, d_n: X_{n-1}\to X_n$ which satisfy the standard cosimplicial identities EXCEPT at the very bottom, where in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### Was “arithmetical translation” (coding in the Goedel sense) ever a part of Hilbert's Program?

Was "arithmetical translation" (that is, coding in the Goedel sense) ever a part of Hilbert's Program? I ask this question for several reasons:
i) it gives the numerals |, ||, |||,.... an ersatz ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### Definition of a normed ring

A normed ring "should" be a monoid object in the monoidal category of normed abelian groups. There are (at least) two choices of morphisms of normed groups, namely bounded or short homomorphisms, ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Alternative Geometries [migrated]

In our world, the distance between two points (in 2d) is defined as $\sqrt{(\Delta x)^2 + (\Delta y)^2}$. Suppose that in an alternative geometry, it was defined as $\sqrt[p]{|\Delta x|^p + |\Delta ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

425 views

### The number of submodules of $\mathbb{Z}_q^n$

Observe $\mathbb{Z}_q^n = \mathbb{Z}_q \times \cdots \times\mathbb{Z}_q$ as a module over $\mathbb{Z}_q\equiv\mathbb{Z}/q\mathbb{Z}$, for general $q$.
I am interested in the following questions:
How ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

52 views

### expressing in terms of sum of (double) schubert polynomial

It is well known that Schubert polynomials form a basis for the polynomial ring $\mathbb{Z}[x_1,x_2,x_3,...]$.
I am interested in knowing how to express a particular polynomial into sum of Schubert ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

37 views

### Compact embedding and fractional Sobolev spaces in unbounded domain

It is known that there exists a compactness results involving fractional sobolev spaces in bounded domain. What about unbounded domain? More precisely, Under which conditions, we can extend the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

76 views

### How to prove the Hölder continuity of a function $u$ by evaluating $\int_{B_{\rho}(x_0)}\frac{|Du(x)|^{2}}{|x-x_0|^{n-2}} dx$?

I'm looking at a video on thin obstacle problem given by Arshak Petrosyan.
In his lecture, he uses the following results:
Let $0<\alpha<1$, and $B_1$ be the unit ball centered at origin in ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Reference on the classification of (low rank) Gorenstein rings over $\mathbb{C}$

I am interested in the question of the classification of (low rank) Gorenstein rings over $\mathbb{C}$. The socle of a local algebra is the annihilator of its maximal ideal. A commutative local ring ...

**27**

votes

**6**answers

5k views

### Mathematician trying to learn string theory

I'm a mathematician. I want to be able to read recent ArXiv postings on high energy physics theory (String theory) (and perhaps be able to do research). I want to understand compactifications, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### Quantities associated to deformed sheaves

I am trying to figure out what happens to "quantities" associated to a sheaf when one deforms it. I am actually interested in deforming a bounded complex of coherent sheaves but I want to make the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Questions about the regularity of the “norm” associated to a convex set

Suppose $K\subset \mathbb{R} ^n$ is a closed convex set whose interior contains the origin. We can assign a gauge function to $K$ as $g_{K}(x):=\inf\{\lambda>0 \mid x\in\lambda K\}$. $g_K$ has all ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### An abstract zero-sum problem

I would like to know whether the problem described below has appeared in the literature and/or whether similar questions have been studied. I would be very happy to find some references or, if none ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

53 views

### Chain Rule for Maximal Correlation

Let a pair of random variables $(X,Y)$ be defined over finite alphabet $\mathcal{X}\times \mathcal{Y}$ with joint distribution $P_{XY}$. The maximal correlation $\rho(X;Y)$ between $X$ and $Y$ is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### A clarification regarding analytic perturbation of metrics and Laplacian

This question is in reference to the following Mathoverflow question and the accepted answer to it. It seems to me that it is taken for granted that if the metric $g_t$ perturbs real analytically in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

90 views

### Expository papers for Feit–Thompson Theorem [duplicate]

Feit–Thompson theorem states that every finite group of odd order is solvable.
Its proof is near 300 pages so it is definitely not an easy paper to read without a prior knowledge about the general ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

437 views

### Categorical or simplicial introduction to modern homotopy theory

I've heard some people saying that it would be easier to study homotopy theory first through simplicial sets. First, i thought that these people were not being serious. But it caught me wondering...
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Lower semi-continuity of the Hellinger-Fisher-Rao distance

I am currently working on unbalanced optimal transport, where the Hellinger (or sometimes Fisher-Rao) distance
$$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Prescribing an induced metric

We know that, if we have a surface $z=f(x,y)$ with Euclidean space being ambient manifold, the induced metric is as follows (in matrix form):
$$g=\begin{bmatrix}
1+\left ( \frac{\partial ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

129 views

### Maximum size of a union of incomparable chains

The following question was asked on math.stackexchange, where it received no answers.
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1392669/maximum-size-of-a-union-of-incomparable-chains
Let ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

60 views

### A construction of the fundamental solution for Schroedinger equations

Does someone know some book or lecture notes useful for the reading of the paper
"A construction of the fundamental solution for the Schrödinger equation", Fujiwara, Daisuke, J. Analyse Math. 35 ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### What is the derivative of this integral?

I have asked this question here
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1536018/how-to-find-derivative-of-this-intergral
but still has no response.
Might I ask it here ?
Let $\alpha(t)\in\{0,1\}: ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

354 views

### Definition of étale (etc) for non-representable morphisms of algebraic stacks?

I've stumbled upon the statement that the morphism $\pi$ from a root stack of the form $\sqrt[r]{\mathscr{L}/\mathscr{Y}}$ (i.e. the "generic" version, not the one concentrated along a divisor) to its ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Prime zeta zeros - reference

Is there an online repository for zeros of the prime zeta function? I looked at the Yahoo group
Prime numbers and primality testing listed on the MathWorld notebook for the prime zeta function, but ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

163 views

### Compact surface with arbitrarily large eigenvalue

Consider a compact surface $M$ with genus $\gamma \geq 2$ and fix a positive real number $V$. Is it known whether it is possible to produce a metric $g$ on the surface $M$ such that $(M. g)$ has ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

206 views

### Looking for (information about) long diamonds

I was given an open problem as a birthday present recently. While I can probably handle spoilers at this point, what I really want are literature and other references. Also acceptable would be ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

18 views

### A new Class of Matching-based Divide and Conquer Heuristics for TSP?

Under the assumption that $G=:G_0$ is a complete graph with $2^n$ vertices and arbitrary edge weights, the essential idea to construct the shortest Hamilton cycle is to proceed as follows:
i := 0
...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

691 views

### Non-existence of small resolutions for the singularity $y^2=u^2+v^2+w^3$

In his paper "Smooth models for elliptic threefolds" (In: The Birational Geometry of Degenerations, Progress in Mathematics, v. 29, Birkhauser, (1983), 85-133), Rick Miranda mentions in the example of ...

**17**

votes

**21**answers

11k views

### Textbook recommendations for undergraduate proof-writing class

I am teaching the proof-writing class (for the 3rd time) in the Fall and plan to buck the party line and use a different text than the default Bond and Keane. My parameters are as follows:
Logic, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

245 views

### Application of sheaves theory in ring theory

Is there any text that gives some applications of sheaves theory in commutative ring theory? In the other word, is any results in commutative ring theory that be verified by sheaves method?

**2**

votes

**2**answers

109 views

### References for non-zero boundary value problem

I studied linear elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic PDEs (boundary/initial value problem) in terms of existence, uniqueness and regularity.
I studied always, following Evans book "PDE", the case with ...

**216**

votes

**68**answers

102k views

### Proofs without words

Can you give examples of proofs without words? In particular, can you give examples of proofs without words for non-trivial results?
(One could ask if this is of interest to mathematicians, and I ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### A natural Lascoux-Schützenberger involutions on plane partitions

The Lascoux-Schützenberger involutions, $s_i$, that permute the weight of semi-standard Young tableaux are fairly known.
They satisfy some nice Coxeter relations, for example, if $v$ and $w$ are ...

**16**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Definition of area

I am looking for an attractive, but rigorous definition of area;
say in Euclidean plane. Probably there is no short definition. It is OK to make it even longer, but can it be built from useful parts ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Anybody has solutions for “Problem Solving through Problems”? [closed]

Most problems in it do not have a solution attached, and I couldn't found them through google...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

154 views

### Product of reduced affinoid spaces over a field is reduced (reference request)

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero complete with respect to a non-Archimedean absolute value. Suppose that $A$ and $B$ are two affinoid $K$-algebras. I'd like a reference that will answer the ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Has the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra been proved using just fixed point theory?

Question:
Is there already in the literature a proof of the fundamental theorem of algebra as a consequence of Brouwer's fixed point theorem?
N.B. The original post contained superfluous ...