This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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4
votes
0answers
71 views

Domain of $A^{1/2}$ on $L^2(\mathbb{T}^2)$

Let $A$ be a densely defined unbounded self-adjoint operator defined on $L^2(\mathbb{T}^2)$, where $\mathbb{T}^2$ stands for the 2-torus. It is known that $A$ is positive, that is, $\langle Au, ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

4D Duoprisms based on nonconvex polygons

A duoprism is a polytope that can be expressed as the Cartesian product of two polytopes (each of dimension $\ge 2$). Four-dimensional duoprisms in particular have been studied: $$P \times Q = \{ ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

methods for situations where well-posedness criteria hold but global solutions do not exist

I have been learning PDEs (more specifically, nonlinear dispersive equations (Schrödinger/wave/ Klein-Gordan equations etc...)) through the harmonic analysis methods. And I have read a couple of ...
16
votes
1answer
925 views

Has this strong number theoretic conjecture of Euler been proved, and where could I find such a proof?

Polya cites this work of Euler as an example of a conjecture which Euler considered impossible to doubt, and yet still needing a demonstration. It is on pages 90-98 of "Induction and Analogy in ...
6
votes
1answer
100 views

Tunnel number of Pretzel knots

I would like to know the tunnel number of $n$-pretzel knots. I have searched and found nothing for any $n>3$. When $n=2$, $t(K)=1$ or $2$ depending on the number of twists, which is proved in a ...
-5
votes
1answer
259 views

What's the minimum amount of knowledge to start doing research? [closed]

There are cases in which you have too much knowledge of something to do anything interesting ,and cases in which a lack of experience with a problem (and the prejudices about it) helps someone solve ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Reference of $\hbar$-differential operator from symplectic geometry perspective

I am reading Bates and Weinstein's book 'Lectures on the Geometry of Quantization'. In Chapter 6, they defined the $\hbar$-differential operator, and showed (Theorem 6.7) that the Lagrangian ...
6
votes
2answers
579 views

How do I apply the Boolean Prime Ideal Theorem?

I have become aware of an amazing phenomenon from a myriad of questions and answers here on MathOverflow: many of the results that I would typically prove using the Axiom of Choice can actually be ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Characterization of locally conformally flat manifolds: strange application of Frobenius theorem

(Crossposted from math.SE because of the lack of replies) In Hamilton's Ricci Flow (by Chow, Lu, Ni, pp. 29-31, see here) they show that a Riemannian manifold $(M^n,g)$ is locally conformally flat ...
23
votes
5answers
1k views

Deep Learning / Deep neural nets for mathematician

I am interested in finding out the math ideas behind the technologies that are under the umbrella of "Deep Learning" or "Deep neural nets". Most of the papers/books that are often quoted in ...
1
vote
0answers
176 views

Seeking reference to result in this talk by Voevodsky [duplicate]

In this presentation by Vladimir Voevodsky [1], he mentions a result that there is a formula over the natural numbers with a single free variable such that one can prove that there is no algorithmic ...
0
votes
0answers
100 views

Derived categories of modules categories

Does anyone know if there is a note or a paper about the derived category of the category $\sigma[M]$ where $M$ is a left module over a ring?, and some uses of this.
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Fixed Points of the Friedman Stanley Jump

Consider the situation of a pair $(X,E)$, where $X$ is a standard Borel space and $E$ is an invariant equivalence relation on $X$*. The Friedman-Stanley jump of this pair is an equivalence relation ...
5
votes
1answer
178 views

Reference Request: Grouplike Algebras over the little $n$-cubes operad are $n$-fold loop spaces

In Geometry of the iterated loop space, Peter May proved his famous recognition theorem, which is, in a simple form, stated on page 3 as the following. There exist $\Sigma$-free operads ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

Estimates of entropy of functional spaces

Let $M^n$ be a compact $n$-dimensional manifold. For $k\geq 0$ let us denote by $C^k(M)$ the Banach space of $k$ times continuously differentiable functions, and $B_{C^k}$ denote the unit ball of it. ...
9
votes
1answer
210 views

What happens to continuous spectrum upon discretization?

Excuse me for a bit of an vague question, but I haven't been able to find a definite answer for this for quite some time. My question is regarding (mostly non-normal )linear operators and their ...
4
votes
1answer
206 views

Reference request for division algebras, over $\mathbb{Q}_{p}((t))$

I was looking for a possible reference that would answer the following question, Let $\mathbb{Q}_{p}$ be the $p$-adic numbers and $\mathbb{Q}_{p}((t))$ be the field of Laurent polynomials over ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

How does one compute a colimit of monoidal categories?

The question is in the title. I'm also happy to get answers about (your favorite adjective) monoidal categories. Here's a guess: In order to compute a colimit of monoids we can push everything down ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Name for condition on map of cancellative monoids

Let $M,N$ be cancellative monoids with identity $\epsilon$ and suppose that $k\colon M\rightarrow N$ is a function such that $k(\epsilon)=\epsilon$ for all $a,b\in M$, there exists $v\in N$ such ...
2
votes
0answers
214 views

category theoretic approach to Sylow theorems and finite group theory?

Is there a category theoretic approach to Sylow theorems? More generally, is there an exposition of finite group theory in terms of category theory which would include Sylow theorems and little facts ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Dirichlet series without order term

is there a name in use for Dirichlet series without the order term, analogously to Laurent or Puiseux polynomials? Is there work known about such expressions? $D(s) = \sum_{0<n<N}a_n/n^s$ The ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Unitary representation of finite-dimensional unitary group

the question is the following. Let n,m be integers, $U(n)$ be the unitary group of $M_n(\mathbb C)$, and $\phi\colon U(n)\to U(m)$ be a continuous group homomorphism, that is moreover irreducible as a ...
3
votes
4answers
238 views

Is there a compact connected Hausdorff space in which every non-empty $G_\delta$ set has non-empty interior?

Q1. Is there a compact connected Hausdorff space (with at least two points) in which every non-empty $G_\delta$ set has non-empty interior? (Without the requirement for connectedness, every finite ...
4
votes
2answers
375 views

How many metrics of constant curvature exist on a Riemannian surface?

I have been trying to determine the number of metrics of constant curvature on a surface of genus $n$, say $\Sigma$. For low values, the answer is clear, the moduli space is a point for the sphere, ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

How to prove that the convolution operator associated to a discrete measure on a LCA group has natural spectrum?

Let $\mu$ be a Borel measure with finite variation on a locally compact abelian group $G$, let $\Gamma$ denote the dual group of $G$, and let $\hat \mu: \Gamma \to \mathbb{C}$ be the Fourier-Stieltjes ...
6
votes
1answer
160 views

Degree of unsolvability of finding a open approximation to a Borel set, given its Borel code

It is well known that every Borel set has the property of Baire. That is, for every Borel set $B$, there is an open set $U$ and a sequence of dense open sets $D_n$ such that for every $x\in \cap_n ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

Kahler identities on almost Kahler manifolds

Suppose that $A$ is a unitary connection on a Hermittian differentiable vector bundle $E$ over a Kahler manifold $X$, then we have operators $$\bar{\partial}_A: \Omega_{X}^{p,q}(E)\to ...
3
votes
1answer
211 views

What is the applications of the dg-enhancements of derived categories of sheaves

Let $X$ be a scheme and let $D^b_{\text{coh}}(X)$ be the derived category of complexes of sheaves with bounded, coherent cohomologies. We know that the category $D^b_{\text{coh}}(X)$ has some ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Sobolev spaces on compact manifolds

Let us consider a self-adjoint elliptic pseudodifferential operator $P \in OPS^2$ on a compact manifold $M$ such that $spec(P) \subset (0, \infty)$. Is the norm $(Pu, u)^{1/2}$ on $H^1(M)$ equivalent ...
4
votes
1answer
268 views

Direct limit of compact topological spaces

Let $\{X_n\}_{n\in \mathbb{N}}$ be a direct system of compact topological spaces, meaning that we have morphisms $f_i\colon X_i \to X_{i+1}$ with the necessary compatibility conditions. Is there any ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Domain of square root of a self-adjoint positive operator [closed]

Let $A \geq 0$ be a densely defined self-adjoint positive operator on a Hilbert space $H$ obtained by Friedrichs extension, and let $Q$ be the densely defined quadratic form associated to $A$, that ...
4
votes
2answers
275 views

Yang–Baxter explanation

What are the most simple examples which can explain the meaning of Yang–Baxter equation? Is there any way to explain this mysterious object to a person who is not a professional in quantum groups? ...
7
votes
1answer
271 views

“Thin film evolution” (Reference request)

Ok this is my first$^*$ question on overflow, my apologies if this is not the right place to ask what follows! I observed the following phenomenon: I put a (vitamin) tablet into water, then after a ...
3
votes
0answers
131 views

Equivalence of various definitions of arithmetic Chow groups

If I understand correctly, $n$-th arithmetic Chow group of arithmetic variety $X$ is defined as a quotient of the group of pairs of the form $(\sum\limits_in_iZ_i, g)$ where $Z := \sum\limits_in_iZ_i$ ...
4
votes
1answer
312 views

Counting number of points in a lattice with bounded sup norm

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$. For $\bar{x} \in \mathbb{R}^n$, let $\| \bar{x} \| = max_{1 \leq i \leq n} \{ |x_i| \}$, i.e. the sup norm. Let $\lambda_1, ..., \lambda_n$ be a ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

Lifting of Commuting Maps of Vector Bundles

Assume that we have a vector bundle $\mathcal{F}$ over $\mathbb{P}^d(\mathbb{C})$ that is generated by global sections. Let $\pi \colon \mathcal{O}^n \to \mathcal{F}$ be the associated map that is ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Torsionfree finitely generated compact Iwasawa module

The following fact falls under the category of Iwasawa modules. Let $M$ be a torsion free finitely generated module over the non commutative noetherian ring $\Bbb{Z}_p[[G]]$, (where $G$ is a p ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Rate-Distortion theory: What is the distribution of distortion on an optimal encoder?

If we wish to encode a gaussian source, $X\sim\mathcal{N}(0,\sigma^2)$ at rate $R$, then decode it to create an estimate $\hat{X}$, rate-distortion theory tells us that the lowest mean-squared-error ...
9
votes
4answers
417 views

Between Tietze's and Dugundji's Extension Theorems

The celebrated Tietze Extension Theorem asserts that any continuous real-valued function defined on a closed subset of a normal space, can be extended to a continuous function on the whole space. Seen ...
6
votes
1answer
143 views

Decay of solutions to Schrodinger equation with local minimum in potential

Consider the one-dimensional Schrodinger operator on the real line $\mathbb{R}$ given by $$ L = - \partial_x^2 + V $$ where $V$ is a potential with the following properties: $V$ is non-negative, ...
0
votes
0answers
105 views

How large can a set of nearly equidistant points be?

Suppose that $D$ is a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^{k}$ such that all pairwise distances between them belong to $[1,1+\epsilon]$. It seems that such a set cannot be very large and that its ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Embedding of classical into intuitionistic linear logic

Following on from this recent question, there is another construction that is well-known, but I don’t know a good primary source for: the Kolmogorov-style double-negation embedding of classical into ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Shortest paths in Alexandrov spaces

Let $X$ be an Alexandrov space with curvature bounded from below (if necessary, $X$ might be assumed to be finite dimensional or even compact). Question 1. Is it true that every point of $X$ has a ...
9
votes
0answers
152 views

Consistency strength of $\aleph_2$-Souslin hypothesis

Question 1. What is known about the consistency strength of $\aleph_2$-Souslin hypothesis? Question 2. What is known about the consistency strength of having both $\aleph_2$-Souslin hypotheis and ...
1
vote
1answer
234 views

Locus where morphism is étale is open on target

Let $f : X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes. Assume that $f$ is finite, flat and locally of finite presentation. Then I can prove that the set $$U:= \{ y\in Y : X_y \to y \hspace{1mm} \text{is ...
3
votes
0answers
137 views

Is there any good survey on the hook length formula and related topics?

I am recently doing some research related to the hook length formula. The hook formula counts the number of Young tableaux of certain type. I find there are plenty of research already been done and ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

What should one “do” to “strictify” a triangle of transformations coming from a lax commutative triangle of functors?

I would like to apologize for this rather stupid abstract nonsense question. Let $h=f\circ g$ for composable functors $f,g$; assume that there exist left or right adjoints to $f$ and $g$. Then it ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Classes of knots that have known Bridge spectra

Bridge spectra is a knot invariant first defined by Doll, who established some basic properties. Tomova has shown that high distance knots have bridge spectra $(n,n-1,\ldots,2,1,0)$. Zupan has ...
0
votes
0answers
124 views

Is it a correct description of the bounded above derived category of coherent sheaves?

Let $X$ be a (Noetherian) scheme. Let $D^{-}_{\text{coh}}(X)$ be the derived category of complexes of $\mathcal{O}_X$-modules with bounded above and coherent cohomologies. Do we have the following ...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

Rate of convergence of Bayesian posterior

Suppose a data generating process (DGP) is parameterized by some unknown parameter $\theta_0$, say $P_{\theta_0}$, and we want to estimate the value of $\theta_0$ using Bayesian method. Let ...