This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

**4**

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71 views

### Domain of $A^{1/2}$ on $L^2(\mathbb{T}^2)$

Let $A$ be a densely defined unbounded self-adjoint operator defined on $L^2(\mathbb{T}^2)$, where $\mathbb{T}^2$ stands for the 2-torus. It is known that $A$ is positive, that is, $\langle Au, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

66 views

### 4D Duoprisms based on nonconvex polygons

A duoprism is a polytope
that can be expressed as the Cartesian product of two polytopes (each of dimension $\ge 2$).
Four-dimensional duoprisms in particular have been studied:
$$P \times Q = \{ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### methods for situations where well-posedness criteria hold but global solutions do not exist

I have been learning PDEs (more specifically, nonlinear dispersive equations (Schrödinger/wave/ Klein-Gordan equations etc...)) through the harmonic analysis methods. And I have read a couple of ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

925 views

### Has this strong number theoretic conjecture of Euler been proved, and where could I find such a proof?

Polya cites this work of Euler as an example of a conjecture which Euler considered impossible to doubt, and yet still needing a demonstration.
It is on pages 90-98 of "Induction and Analogy in ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Tunnel number of Pretzel knots

I would like to know the tunnel number of $n$-pretzel knots. I have searched and found nothing for any $n>3$. When $n=2$, $t(K)=1$ or $2$ depending on the number of twists, which is proved in a ...

**-5**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### What's the minimum amount of knowledge to start doing research? [closed]

There are cases in which you have too much knowledge of something to do anything interesting ,and cases in which a lack of experience with a problem (and the prejudices about it) helps someone solve ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### Reference of $\hbar$-differential operator from symplectic geometry perspective

I am reading Bates and Weinstein's book 'Lectures on the Geometry of Quantization'. In Chapter 6, they defined the $\hbar$-differential operator, and showed (Theorem 6.7) that the Lagrangian ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

579 views

### How do I apply the Boolean Prime Ideal Theorem?

I have become aware of an amazing phenomenon from a myriad of questions and answers here on MathOverflow: many of the results that I would typically prove using the Axiom of Choice can actually be ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

68 views

### Characterization of locally conformally flat manifolds: strange application of Frobenius theorem

(Crossposted from math.SE because of the lack of replies)
In Hamilton's Ricci Flow (by Chow, Lu, Ni, pp. 29-31, see here) they show that a Riemannian manifold $(M^n,g)$ is locally conformally flat ...

**23**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Deep Learning / Deep neural nets for mathematician

I am interested in finding out the math ideas behind the technologies that are under the umbrella of "Deep Learning" or "Deep neural nets".
Most of the papers/books that are often quoted in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

176 views

### Seeking reference to result in this talk by Voevodsky [duplicate]

In this presentation by Vladimir Voevodsky [1], he mentions a result that there is a formula over the natural numbers with a single free variable such that one can prove that there is no algorithmic ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Derived categories of modules categories

Does anyone know if there is a note or a paper about the derived category of the category $\sigma[M]$ where $M$ is a left module over a ring?, and some uses of this.

**3**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Fixed Points of the Friedman Stanley Jump

Consider the situation of a pair $(X,E)$, where $X$ is a standard Borel space and $E$ is an invariant equivalence relation on $X$*. The Friedman-Stanley jump of this pair is an equivalence relation ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Reference Request: Grouplike Algebras over the little $n$-cubes operad are $n$-fold loop spaces

In Geometry of the iterated loop space, Peter May proved his famous recognition theorem, which is, in a simple form, stated on page 3 as the following.
There exist $\Sigma$-free operads ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

99 views

### Estimates of entropy of functional spaces

Let $M^n$ be a compact $n$-dimensional manifold. For $k\geq 0$ let us denote by $C^k(M)$ the Banach space of $k$ times continuously differentiable functions, and $B_{C^k}$ denote the unit ball of it.
...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### What happens to continuous spectrum upon discretization?

Excuse me for a bit of an vague question, but I haven't been able to find a definite answer for this for quite some time. My question is regarding (mostly non-normal )linear operators and their ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Reference request for division algebras, over $\mathbb{Q}_{p}((t))$

I was looking for a possible reference that would answer the following question,
Let $\mathbb{Q}_{p}$ be the $p$-adic numbers and $\mathbb{Q}_{p}((t))$ be the field of Laurent polynomials over ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

96 views

### How does one compute a colimit of monoidal categories?

The question is in the title. I'm also happy to get answers about (your favorite adjective) monoidal categories.
Here's a guess:
In order to compute a colimit of monoids we can push everything down ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Name for condition on map of cancellative monoids

Let $M,N$ be cancellative monoids with identity $\epsilon$ and suppose that $k\colon M\rightarrow N$ is a function such that
$k(\epsilon)=\epsilon$
for all $a,b\in M$, there exists $v\in N$ such ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

214 views

### category theoretic approach to Sylow theorems and finite group theory?

Is there a category theoretic approach to Sylow theorems?
More generally, is there an exposition of finite group theory in terms of category theory which would include Sylow theorems and little facts ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Dirichlet series without order term

is there a name in use for Dirichlet series without the order term, analogously to Laurent or Puiseux polynomials? Is there work known about such expressions?
$D(s) = \sum_{0<n<N}a_n/n^s$
The ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### Unitary representation of finite-dimensional unitary group

the question is the following. Let n,m be integers, $U(n)$ be the unitary group of $M_n(\mathbb C)$, and $\phi\colon U(n)\to U(m)$ be a continuous group homomorphism, that is moreover irreducible as a ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

238 views

### Is there a compact connected Hausdorff space in which every non-empty $G_\delta$ set has non-empty interior?

Q1.
Is there a compact connected Hausdorff space (with at least two points) in which every non-empty $G_\delta$ set has non-empty interior? (Without the requirement for connectedness, every finite ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

375 views

### How many metrics of constant curvature exist on a Riemannian surface?

I have been trying to determine the number of metrics of constant curvature on a surface of genus $n$, say $\Sigma$. For low values, the answer is clear, the moduli space is a point for the sphere, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

58 views

### How to prove that the convolution operator associated to a discrete measure on a LCA group has natural spectrum?

Let $\mu$ be a Borel measure with finite variation on a locally compact abelian group $G$, let $\Gamma$ denote the dual group of $G$, and let $\hat \mu: \Gamma \to \mathbb{C}$ be the Fourier-Stieltjes ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Degree of unsolvability of finding a open approximation to a Borel set, given its Borel code

It is well known that every Borel set has the property of Baire. That is, for every Borel set $B$, there is an open set $U$ and a sequence of dense open sets $D_n$ such that for every $x\in \cap_n ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### Kahler identities on almost Kahler manifolds

Suppose that $A$ is a unitary connection on a Hermittian differentiable vector bundle $E$ over a Kahler manifold $X$, then we have operators $$\bar{\partial}_A: \Omega_{X}^{p,q}(E)\to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### What is the applications of the dg-enhancements of derived categories of sheaves

Let $X$ be a scheme and let $D^b_{\text{coh}}(X)$ be the derived category of complexes of sheaves with bounded, coherent cohomologies.
We know that the category $D^b_{\text{coh}}(X)$ has some ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Sobolev spaces on compact manifolds

Let us consider a self-adjoint elliptic pseudodifferential operator $P \in OPS^2$ on a compact manifold $M$ such that $spec(P) \subset (0, \infty)$. Is the norm $(Pu, u)^{1/2}$ on $H^1(M)$ equivalent ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

268 views

### Direct limit of compact topological spaces

Let $\{X_n\}_{n\in \mathbb{N}}$ be a direct system of compact topological spaces, meaning that we have morphisms $f_i\colon X_i \to X_{i+1}$ with the necessary compatibility conditions. Is there any ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Domain of square root of a self-adjoint positive operator [closed]

Let $A \geq 0$ be a densely defined self-adjoint positive operator on a Hilbert space $H$ obtained by Friedrichs extension, and let $Q$ be the densely defined quadratic form associated to $A$, that ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

275 views

### Yang–Baxter explanation

What are the most simple examples which can explain the meaning of Yang–Baxter equation? Is there any way to explain this mysterious object to a person who is not a professional in quantum groups? ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### “Thin film evolution” (Reference request)

Ok this is my first$^*$ question on overflow, my apologies if this is not the right place to ask what follows!
I observed the following phenomenon: I put a (vitamin) tablet into water, then after a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### Equivalence of various definitions of arithmetic Chow groups

If I understand correctly, $n$-th arithmetic Chow group of arithmetic variety $X$ is defined as a quotient of the group of pairs of the form $(\sum\limits_in_iZ_i, g)$ where $Z := \sum\limits_in_iZ_i$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

312 views

### Counting number of points in a lattice with bounded sup norm

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$. For $\bar{x} \in \mathbb{R}^n$, let
$\| \bar{x} \| = max_{1 \leq i \leq n} \{ |x_i| \}$, i.e. the sup norm. Let $\lambda_1, ..., \lambda_n$
be a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Lifting of Commuting Maps of Vector Bundles

Assume that we have a vector bundle $\mathcal{F}$ over $\mathbb{P}^d(\mathbb{C})$ that is generated by global sections. Let $\pi \colon \mathcal{O}^n \to \mathcal{F}$ be the associated map that is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Torsionfree finitely generated compact Iwasawa module

The following fact falls under the category of Iwasawa modules.
Let $M$ be a torsion free finitely generated module over the non commutative noetherian ring $\Bbb{Z}_p[[G]]$, (where $G$ is a p ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Rate-Distortion theory: What is the distribution of distortion on an optimal encoder?

If we wish to encode a gaussian source, $X\sim\mathcal{N}(0,\sigma^2)$ at rate $R$, then decode it to create an estimate $\hat{X}$, rate-distortion theory tells us that the lowest mean-squared-error ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

417 views

### Between Tietze's and Dugundji's Extension Theorems

The celebrated Tietze Extension Theorem asserts that any continuous real-valued function defined on a closed subset of a normal space, can be extended to a continuous function on the whole space. Seen ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Decay of solutions to Schrodinger equation with local minimum in potential

Consider the one-dimensional Schrodinger operator on the real line $\mathbb{R}$ given by
$$ L = - \partial_x^2 + V $$
where $V$ is a potential with the following properties:
$V$ is non-negative, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### How large can a set of nearly equidistant points be?

Suppose that $D$ is a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^{k}$ such that all pairwise distances between them belong to $[1,1+\epsilon]$.
It seems that such a set cannot be very large and that its ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Embedding of classical into intuitionistic linear logic

Following on from this recent question, there is another construction that is well-known, but I don’t know a good primary source for: the Kolmogorov-style double-negation embedding of classical into ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Shortest paths in Alexandrov spaces

Let $X$ be an Alexandrov space with curvature bounded from below (if necessary, $X$ might be assumed to be finite dimensional or even compact).
Question 1. Is it true that every point of $X$ has a ...

**9**

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**0**answers

152 views

### Consistency strength of $\aleph_2$-Souslin hypothesis

Question 1. What is known about the consistency strength of $\aleph_2$-Souslin hypothesis?
Question 2. What is known about the consistency strength of having both $\aleph_2$-Souslin hypotheis and ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

234 views

### Locus where morphism is étale is open on target

Let $f : X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes. Assume that $f$ is finite, flat and locally of finite presentation. Then I can prove that the set $$U:= \{ y\in Y : X_y \to y \hspace{1mm} \text{is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Is there any good survey on the hook length formula and related topics?

I am recently doing some research related to the hook length formula.
The hook formula counts the number of Young tableaux of certain type.
I find there are plenty of research already been done and ...

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votes

**0**answers

69 views

### What should one “do” to “strictify” a triangle of transformations coming from a lax commutative triangle of functors?

I would like to apologize for this rather stupid abstract nonsense question.
Let $h=f\circ g$ for composable functors $f,g$; assume that there exist left or right adjoints to $f$ and $g$. Then it ...

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votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Classes of knots that have known Bridge spectra

Bridge spectra is a knot invariant first defined by Doll, who established some basic properties. Tomova has shown that high distance knots have bridge spectra $(n,n-1,\ldots,2,1,0)$. Zupan has ...

**0**

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**0**answers

124 views

### Is it a correct description of the bounded above derived category of coherent sheaves?

Let $X$ be a (Noetherian) scheme. Let $D^{-}_{\text{coh}}(X)$ be the derived category of complexes of $\mathcal{O}_X$-modules with bounded above and coherent cohomologies.
Do we have the following ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### Rate of convergence of Bayesian posterior

Suppose a data generating process (DGP) is parameterized by some unknown parameter $\theta_0$, say $P_{\theta_0}$, and we want to estimate the value of $\theta_0$ using Bayesian method. Let ...