This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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227 views

### Learning roadmap in Algebra [closed]

I am a senior undergraduate student in mathematics, I have a sound knowledge in the following areas:
a) Commutative Algebra
b) Field Theory and Galois Theory
c) Homological Algebra
My question is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Inequality due to Siegel (assumptions) and upper bounds on number field discriminants

In Siegel's 1969 paper, Abschätzung von Einheiten, on page 73, he states the inequality
$$\log\sqrt d\le n-1+{n\over 2}\log\pi+r_2\log 2\qquad (*)$$
and compares with the bound due to Minkowski that
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

49 views

### Reference for finite number of Weyl groups of reductive groups of rank $r$

I'm posting this question on behalf of someone without access to mathoverflow:
Can anybody give me a reliable reference (not a proof) to the following statement?
Up to isomorphism, there are only ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

163 views

### Davenport's proof that almost all integers are the sum of 4 cubes

Where can I find a pdf that describes Davenport's proof that almost all integers are the sum of $4$ cubes?

**2**

votes

**2**answers

376 views

### Is there a von Koch-type theorem for the generalized Riemann hypothesis?

Helge von Koch proved in 1901 that the Riemann hypothesis is equivalent to the error term in the prime number theorem having the bound
$$
\mid\pi(x)-\textrm{li}(x)\mid=O(\sqrt{x} \log x).
$$
Q1: ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### Partial differential Equation over characteristic p

I want some references on partial differential equations over characteristic $p$. If we have a first order partial differential equation, how can we check whether there exists polynomials or rational ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### What is known about the distribution of eigenvectors of random matrices?

Let $A$ be a real asymmetric $n \times n$ matrix with i.i.d. random, zero-mean elements. What results, if any, are there for the eigenvectors of $A$? In particular:
How are individual eigenvectors ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### F-splitting and F-purity from commutative algebra viewpoint

First I define two terms:
Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity,let char$R$ = $p$, let $F:R\rightarrow R$ be the Frobenius ring homomorphism. This makes $R$ into an $R$-module with respect to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Reference for Hodge decomposition

Let $U$ be a bounded open subset of $\mathbb{R}^d$ with Lipschitz boundary, and $g \in L^2(U,\mathbb{R}^d)$ be a solenoidal vector field (i.e. $\nabla \cdot g = 0$). Then $g$ can be written in the ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

339 views

### Does this simple inequality have a name?

Let $x_{1},\ldots,x_{n}$ be nonnegative numbers such that $m \leq x_{i} \leq M$. Let
$$
S=\sum_{i=1}^{n}{x_{i}}
$$
and
$$
Q=\sum_{i=1}^{n}{x_{i}^{2}}.
$$
Then
$$
Q \leq S(M+m)-nMm.
$$
This has ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

377 views

### For what nonnegative measures $\mu$ does $\mu*e^{-|\cdot|}\in L^{\infty}$?

I am trying to characterize all measures on $\mathbb{R}$ such that
$$
\sup_{x\in\mathbb{R}} \: (\mu*f)(x)<+\infty,
$$
where $f(x)$ is some specific integrable functions, such as $f(x)=e^{-|x|}$, ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

228 views

### Using Discrete Morse Theory to represent hom classes

In "vanilla" Morse theory, you can construct cycles representing integral homology classes of a smooth manifold from a Morse function on the manifold (by looking at the flow into/out of the critical ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### Jackiw-Pi identity

In their paper http://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.42.3500 (Classical and quantal nonrelativistic Chern-Simons theory) Jackiw and Pi introduced an unusual identity involving ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Is the span of those vectors dense in $\ell_2$?

For all $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $\alpha \in \mathbb{Z}_{\geq 0}^n$ let $x^\alpha=x_1^{\alpha_1} \cdots x_n^{\alpha_n}$. Let $$\ell^2=\{z=(z_\alpha)_{\alpha \in \mathbb{Z}_{\geq 0}^n}:\, z_{\alpha} ...

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vote

**0**answers

79 views

### Reference request on operator matrices [closed]

I'm looking for a reference on linear, bounded, self-adjoint operators defined on the product space, $T:E\times F\to E\times F$ such that
$$Tx = \begin{pmatrix}A & B \\
C & D
...

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votes

**2**answers

477 views

### Prove that the Dirichlet eta function is monotonic

Let us consider $\eta(p):= \sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^{n+1}}{n^p}$ for $p>0$. Has anyone come along with an elementary proof that $\eta(x)$ is monotonically increasing on this set? By ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Ham sandwich theorem for discrete measures - reference request

A discrete version of the ham sandwich theorem states as follows (see for instance "Common Hyperplane Medians for Random Vectors" - Hill):
For every $\mu_1,...,\mu_n$ discrete (i.e., purely atomic) ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

294 views

### Category of modules over commutative monoid in symmetric monoidal category

Let $\left(\cal{C},\otimes ,I\right)$ be a symmetric monoidal category (not necessarily closed) and $A$ a commutative monoid in $\cal{C}$. In his DAG III (page 95), Lurie writes:
In many cases, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### construction of four dimensional regular convex polytopes

Could anybody give me a reference book about the explicit construction of the 6 regular four dimensional convex polytopes. I cannot easily find Schläfli's original paper so I am looking for a modern ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

242 views

### Distribution of a random walk on a directed line

Is there a closed formula for the distribution of $x_t$ in the following random process, describing a random walk on a directed line?
$x_0 = n$
$x_t$ is a uniformly random integer between 1 and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

106 views

### Searching for surprising equation connecting distant mathematical fields [closed]

I hope this is not too off topic on this site, if so i excuse myself.
Some time ago i read an article about important equations (as most lists feature prominent unequations) in math and the unsolved ...

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votes

**6**answers

292 views

### Reference on representations of knot groups

Recently, I was studying the knot group and I want to learn some more material about it (e.g. its representations).
"Knots" by Burde and Zieschang discusses some material but it is not entirely ...

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votes

**1**answer

233 views

### Higher coherent multiplicative structures on S-algebras

In their book, Elmendorf, Kriz, May and Mandell describe a useful category of spectra, called S-modules, where S is the sphere spectrum. Ring objects in this category can be identified with spectra ...

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votes

**1**answer

224 views

### Harish-Chandra isomorphism for compact symmetric spaces

I would be interested to have an explicit description of the algebra of invariant differential operators on functions on a compact symmetric space $G/K$. A reference would be especially useful.
...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

353 views

### Any reason to believe that $NP \neq P$ is unprovable in ZFC

We know $NP \neq P$ from a lot of point of view like empirical reason,or theoretical reasons such as finite model theory or descriptive complexity.Although we find so many reasons to believe $NP \neq ...

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vote

**0**answers

115 views

### Ext Quivers and their applications to Representation Theory

I am looking for references that provide an overview of the following two topics (it can be multiple references if necessary):
How to compute the Ext-quiver of a (locally finite or finite) ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

160 views

### Looking for a reference for a paper by Mordell

On page 384 of the book "Number Theory:Volume 1:tools and Diophantine Equations" by Henri Cohen there is reference to the fact that: "It has been proved by Schinzel, Mordell nd successors that such an ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### multiplicity of automorphic representation of unitary similitude group

Let $G$ be a unitary similitude group over $\mathbb{Q}$ (as in the book of Harris-Taylor), $\pi$ an irreducible automorphic representation of $G(\mathbb{A})$. I'm looking for some results on its ...

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votes

**2**answers

193 views

### Jordan-Holder vs Harder-Narasimhan

Let $M$ be a module over an algebra or a group. I am interested the following decreasing filtration:
$F^0M=M$;
$F^iM$ is the smallest sub-module of $F^{i-1}M$ such that the quotient is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### The number of representations of the positive integer $n$ as $a^{2}+b^{2}+p^{2}c^{2}$

Let $n$ be a positive integer and $p$ a prime number. I know that there are formulas by which one can compute the number of representations of $n$ as the sum of two or three squares etc.
I would to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Reference request for proof of Brodskii-Milman theorem “On the center of a convex set”

Can anyone help me to access the paper:
M.S Brodskii and D.P Milman, "On the center of a convex set", Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 59 (1948) 837–840 in Russian?
or to prove the theorem:
If $K$ is a ...

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vote

**0**answers

141 views

### Motivating mathematics(particularly algebraic number theory) through historical problems [closed]

Most mathematical textbooks start a subject by going backwards, historically. They will define the terms that were invented to solve a problem in their polished form and then use these definitions and ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

286 views

### The maximum of the preimage of [1,x] through Euler's totient function

A friend of mine and I have shown the following:
"For each $x \geq 1$ let $m := m(x)$ be the greatest positive integer such that $\varphi(m) \leq x$, where $\varphi$ is the Euler's totient function.
...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

220 views

### Gauge-theoretic formulation of Maxwell equations [duplicate]

Does any one know how to write the Maxwell equations as an equation on a principal $U(1)$-bundle?
In Freed & Uhlenbeck's Instantons and Four manifolds, the authors claim that the Maxwell ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

125 views

### A reference for a property for the Hausdorff distance

Consider the following property of the Hausdorff distance in $\mathbb R^n$.
Let $\Omega_n \supset \Omega_{n+1} \supset ...$ a sequence of open, convex and bounded sets with ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

56 views

### Reference request: seminal paper on the Blumenthal-Getoor index

Numerous papers are referring to the following one
R. M. Blumenthal and R. K. Getoor, Sample functions of stochastic processes with stationary independent increments, J. Math. Mech. 10 (1961), ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

407 views

### Nearby matrices have nearby leading eigenvectors?

Suppose I have a symmetric positive semidefinite matrix $A$ with leading eigenvalue $1$ of multiplicity $1$ and remaining eigenvalues $\leq\epsilon$. I am told that another symmetric positive ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

177 views

### Finding loops and double edges ASAP in configuration model random graph

A common approach (at least in theory) to generating a random $n$ vertex graph uniformly subject to having a given (feasible) degree sequence $(d_i)_{i = 1}^n$ is to use the configuration model, i.e. ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Problems Solvable/Decidable by Counting Shortest Paths in Graphs

This questions is based on a dispute, whether it would be possible to calculate 'nice' routes in Manhattan, if the road network is assumed to be a rectangular grid and, that 'nice' means that there is ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

348 views

### Different approaches to forcing

There are many different approaches to the forcing method, and I am looking for all known such approaches. So my question is:
Question 1. Which different approaches to set theoretic forcing are ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Applications of list decoding

This is citation from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_decoding:
Algorithms developed for list decoding of several interesting code families have found interesting applications in computational ...

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votes

**2**answers

409 views

### “Economic” CW-structure for Eilenberg-MacLane spaces?

The only really "economic" cell structures for $K(\pi,n)$'s that I know is the one with a single cell in each dimension for $K(\mathbb Z/n\mathbb Z,1)$ and the one with a single cell in each even ...

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votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Construction of generalized Eilenberg-MacLane spaces

The Eilenberg-MacLane spaces $K(G,q)$ are readily generalized to study cohomology with local coefficients.The generalized Eilenberg-MacLane space $K_{\pi}(G,q)$ are spaces with only two nnvanishing ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### Circumscribing simplex to convex body?

Q.
Does every (perhaps smooth) compact convex body $K$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$ admit a
circumscribing simplex, each facet of which touches (shares a point with) $K$?
How about a circumscribing ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Flat Connections on the Cotangent Complex

I'm trying to find a reference which defines and discusses some properties of connections and flat connections on the cotangent complex in a homotopical setting. That is to say, a connection or flat ...

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vote

**1**answer

145 views

### Reference question: Brownian motion and surface area

I am doing research on the hitting probability of various sets (eg. 3D convex) and specifically how changes in perimeter/surface area change the hitting probability.
By hitting probability I mean ...

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votes

**4**answers

767 views

### Moments of the trace of orthogonal matrices

Let $O_n$ be the (real) orthogonal group of $n$ by $n$ matrices.
I am interested in the following sequence which showed up in a calculation I was doing
$$a_k = \int_{O_n} (\text{Tr } X)^k dX$$
where ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

79 views

### What is Rosati Form

I was reading a paper and they mentioned the Rosati form. Particularly, what they said was:
Let $A$ be an abelian surface defined over $k$ such that $ST_A^0$ (the connected component of the Sato-Tate ...

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votes

**0**answers

58 views

### How well is the classification of low-dimensional semisimple Hopf superalgebras (or braided Hopf algebras) understood?

As far as I know, low-dimensional semisimple Hopf algebras are classified (along with non-semisimple ones) up to dimension 60, with the first example of a semisimple Hopf algebra not coming from a ...

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**0**answers

222 views

### Feynman integrals in algebraic geometry [closed]

In quantum field theory, multi-loop Feynman integrals are basic ingredients of calculating high order corrections. Recently, I have come across the paper A Feynman integral via higher normal ...