This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

**4**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Upper bound of the waiting time of a sum process

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $x_1, \ldots, x_n \in (0,1)$ fix but arbitrary, s.t. $\sum_{i=1}^n x_i = 1$. Let $X_i \sim \operatorname{Unif}(\{x_1, \ldots, x_n\})$ i.i.d., and $T_n = \min\{t \in \mathbb{N} ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Fixed point property for intersection of spaces which are homeomorphic to a disk

The following question is question 9.8 from Miller's paper ``Some interesting problems
'':
Question Suppose $D_n$ a subset of the plane is homeomorphic to a disk and for every
$n\in \omega, ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

324 views

### Godel's second incompleteness theorem for non-r.e. theories

R. Jeroslow in this paper proves that a non-recursively enumerable theory whose set of theorems is $\Delta_2$-definable may prove consistency of itself
but it can not prove 2-consistency of itself.
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Idempotent relations on the unit square with closed graphs

A colleague and I are interested in idempotent relations from $I=[0,1]$ to $I$ - relations such that $R\circ R(x)=R(x)$ for all $x\in I$. Specifically, the graphs of the relations we care about must ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

184 views

### May's infinite loop machine for Friedlander's result for Adams conjecture

Eric M. Friedlander in the paper The infinite loop Adams conjecture via Classification Theorem for $\Gamma$-spaces proved the infinite loop Adams conjecture using techniques involved $\Gamma$-space.
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

427 views

### Vectorisation of a category

I have no experience with category theory at all, but I recently stumbled upon the following construction. Since it is extremely elementary and seems rather natural, it should be known, but I have not ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### Looking for Information on Local Degree of Maps on Homology Manifolds

By a homology $n$-manifold, we mean a topological space $X$ such that for all $x \in X$:
1: if $k \neq n$ then $H_k(X, X-x)=0$
2: $H_n(X,X-x) \cong \mathbb{Z}$.
Given homology $n$-manifolds $X$ and ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### On the independence of lower and upper asymptotic and Banach densities

Given a set $X \subseteq \mathbf N^+$, denote by $\mathsf{d}_\ast(X)$ and $\mathsf{d}^\ast(X)$, respectively, the lower and upper asymptotic (or natural) density of $X$, viz. $$\mathsf{d}_\ast(X) := ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

147 views

### Reference request: Cohomology of Elliptic Curves

Is it true that the group
$$H^1(Gal(K^{ab}/K)/\mu_{\nu}(Gal(K_{\nu}^{ab}/K_{\nu})),E_{p^n})$$
is always p-divisible? Or are there any conditions which, when satisfied, guarantee its p-divisibility?
...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

419 views

### On a result attributed to W. Ljunggren and T. Nagell

I've read in a number of places that, building on previous work of T. Nagell, W. Ljunggren proved in 1 that the Diophantine equation
$$\frac{x^{n}-1}{x-1} = y^{2}$$
doesn't admit solutions in ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

738 views

### How to learn QFT from mathematical perspective?

I want to learn QFT, because I have heard of its applications in mathematics, I am not interested in scattering cross sections and such. Where can I start to learn? Only books I found are either way ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### Sard's Theorem For Banach Spaces

Given a smooth map from $\phi: B \rightarrow M$ where $B$ is a Banach Space and $M$ is a finite dimensional smooth manifold (for example, the end point map for a control system), what is the strongest ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

27 views

### Estimates for derivatives of a positive discrete harmonic function

There is the following estimation (Duffin, Discrete potential theory, Theorem 5):
Let $f$ be a discrete harmonic function in a sphere of radius $R$ with the center $p$, all in $\mathbb Z^3$. Then, if ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

156 views

### On the natural density of almost perfect numbers

This question is pretty basic, so I apologize in advance if it is unsuitable for MO. If so, please do let me know and I will migrate it over to MSE.
Essentially, by work of Kanold, we know that the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Classification of 3-forms in dimension 7

I'm looking for a classification of $3$-forms over a real vector space of dimension $7$ as for the $3$-forms in dimension $6$. References on the latter case are R. Bryant On the geometry of almost ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

212 views

### Learning Quantum (Co)Homology and Landau Ginzburg Superpotential

I am learning about Quantum Homology which I have to use in my research, and I see that in many papers (For example in FOOO, "Spectral invariants with bulk, Quasimorphisms and Lagrangian Floer ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

260 views

### Magnus' embedding theorem

I am looking for a (preferably modern) reference to the following old result of Magnus.
Let $F$ be a free group of finite rank and
$$ F_1 = [F,F], F_2 = [F_1,F_1], \dots , F_{n+1} = [F_n,F_n], \dots ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Henstock, Differentiation under the integral sign

Does anyone know, where I can find the proof of necessary and sufficient conditions for differentiating under the integral sign in case of Henstock integral? Here are the theorems but not all the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Extension of the Hilbert-Mumford Criterion

Let $X$ be a smooth variety, $L$ a line bundle on $X$ and $G$ a reductive group actin on $X$ with a linearization of the action to $L$. Say we are over the complex numbers.
Both the concept of GIT ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Looking for a copy of Algebraic Number Theory in honor of Iwasawa

I am looking for an electronic copy of this volume:
Advanced studies in Pure Mathematics, Volume 17
Algebraic Number Theory - in honor of K. Iwasawa
Edited by J. Coates, R. Greenberg, B. Mazur and I. ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

257 views

### How to show the following two definitions of homotopy monomorphism are equivalent?

Let $M$ be a model category. In Toen's The homotopy theory of dg-categories and derived Morita theory Page 11 it is written:
a morphism $x \to y$ in a model category $M$ is called a homotopy ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

530 views

### Differential operators are coKleisli morphisms of the jet co-monad

The following statement may be "well known but not well known enough", and my question is which reference would state it explicitly:
The construction of Jet bundles is a comonad on suitable bundles ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Integral kernels of self-adjoint operators [closed]

If the integral kernel $k(x, y)$ of an operator $T : C^\infty_c(M) \to \mathcal{D}'(M)$ is symmetric ($M$ is a compact manifold), then the operator $T$ is symmetric. Is the converse true? That is, ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

131 views

### Hamiltonian group actions in the context of holomorphic line bundles

When studying Hamiltonian group actions, a very nice set up might be to take the following:
Let $M$ be a compact Kähler manifold with (integral) Kähler form $\omega$, endowed with a Hamiltonian ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Continuity of conjugation actions of Polish groups

Let $G$ and $H$ be Polish groups and let $\psi: G \rightarrow H$ be a continuous injective homomorphism such that $\psi(G)$ is normal in $H$. Then $H$ acts on $G$ by conjugation via $\psi$, in other ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

389 views

### $\int_0^\infty x \, [J_0(x)]^5 \, dx$: source and context, if any?

QUESTION
Numerical calculation with gp (first to the default 38-digit
precision, then tripled) supports the conjecture that
$$
\int_0^\infty x \, [J_0(x)]^5 \, dx =
\frac{\Gamma(1/15) \, \Gamma(2/15) ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### An indicator of a planar subset as an element of a tensor product

Denote $I=(0, 1)$, and let $\mu$ be the Lebesgue measure on $I$. Does there exist a function $f$ on $I\times I$ viewed as an element of the space $L^\infty(\mu\times\mu)$ such that
$$
f^2=f
$$
(that ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### In the category of uniform spaces, is the completion of a quotient map also a quotient map?

I asked this question about 2 months ago on math.stackexchange, but so far I received neither comments nor answers.
Let $X$ and $Y$ be two Hausdorff uniform spaces. A surjective uniformly continuous ...

**23**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Algebraic proof of Five-Color Theorem using chromatic polynomials by Birkhoff and Lewis in 1946

I'm guessing everyone is familiar with Four Color Theorem which was proved by Appel and Haken using computers. A weaker version of this theorem is Five Color Theorem which states that a planar graph ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Criterion for transverse boundary intersection of one-parameter family in $\overline M_{g,n}(X,\beta)$

Suppose we have a projective, nonsingular, convex variety $X$, $\beta \in H_2(X,\mathbb{Z})$ and a family
$$
\begin{array}{ccc}
\mathcal{C}& \to & X \cr
\downarrow& & & \cr
B ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Mixed (anisotropic) Sobolev spaces

Consider real variables $x, y$ and a function $f(x, y) \in H^s(\mathbb{R}^2)$, say for some $s \in (0, 1)$. I am trying to get an understanding of mixed Sobolev spaces of the form $H^s_x(H^s_y)$, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

336 views

### A question on the bounds of the $n$-th composite $c_n$

While trying to prove the inequality $$c_{p_n-m}+c_{m-n}>p_n+2$$ I tried the bounds of $c_n$ (denotes the $n$-th composite number) given in this paper to prove that the sum $c_{p_n-m}+c_{m-n}$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Tradeoff among symmetries [closed]

I posted this is mathematics SE and it didn't get much attention, so I'm trying here. I apologize if it is not relevant.
Take a set $X \in \mathbb{R}^2$ of nonzero measure $\mu(X) \neq 0$. I am ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

1k views

### Does this linear algebra construction based on a graph have a name, and where has it been studied?

In the paper Kochen-Specker set with seven contexts by Lisonek, Badziag, Portillo and Cabello, the following construction is used :
Question : Have such constructions been used elsewhere, and if so ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### $\text{cov}(\mathcal{M})$ vs. $\mathfrak{b}$ vs. $\mathfrak{s}$

Let me first recall some pretty standard notations:
$\text{cov}(\mathcal{M})$ is the covering number of the ideal $\mathcal{M}$ of all meager subsets of $\mathbb{R}$;
$\mathfrak{b}$ is the bounding ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### Primer on Eisenstein series

My apologies if this question is a duplicate. I seached, and the closest I could locate is this question, which has very intriguing and intractable (for me) responses.
In my continuing journey of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### Local version of the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev theorem for Riesz potentials: $\|I_\alpha(f)\|_{L^q} \le C \|f\|_{L^p}$?

Recently, I have been studying the properties of the Riesz potential
$$
I_\alpha(f)(x) = c_{d,\alpha} \int_{\mathbb R^d} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}} \, dy.
$$
The classical Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### Horizontal Sobolev space on Carnot group

This question is connected with my previous: Heisenberg group: function without vertical derivative.
Here I am trying to look from another side: what is a difference between Sobolev space and ...

**8**

votes

**5**answers

524 views

### Representation Theory of Lie Groups: Reference Request

I am looking for a reference that describes the correspondence between the (finite-dimensional) representations of (real) Lie groups and the representations of their Lie algebras. More precisely, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### What is the monoidal equivalent of a locally cartesian closed category?

If a closed monoidal category is the monoidal equivalent of a Cartesian closed category, is there an analogous equivalent for locally cartesian closed categories? Is there a standard terminology or ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### Reference for Hopf algebra applications to Feynman diagrams

I need to give a talk about Hopf algebras and I would like to give a (at least) 5 minutes introduction using Feynman diagrams as a motivation. I'm looking for a not-so-heavy reference explaining how ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

59 views

### Largest dimensional Lie subgroup of $SU(N)$ [duplicate]

What is the largest (Lie) subgroup of $SU(n)$ in the sense of its dimension.
I am aware of this potential duplicate subgroup of SU(N) with maximal manifold dimension , however, the title of this ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Quasicoherent sheaves on superschemes

I am interested in learning about super algebraic geometry (some objects I am studying seem to be naturally superstacks, at least in some sense). What would be the best reference for the subject? I am ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

253 views

### Kan extensions in the $2$-category of monoidal categories

Kan extensions make sense in any $2$-category. But so far I have only really seen them in the case of the $2$-category of categories, functors, natural transformations and the $2$-category of ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

162 views

### Paper of Denis Simon on quadratic equations in dimensions 4, 5?

In several places I have come across references to a 2005-6 preprint of Denis Simon entitled
Quadratic equations in dimensions 4, 5, and more
This paper gives fast algorithms to find isotropic ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Reference for class of involutions containing longest element of finite Coxeter group?

Consider a finite (say irreducible) Coxeter group $W$ with a fixed generator set $S$ and rank $n$. This is the same thing as a finite real reflection group, generated by a set of “simple” ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

104 views

### Combinatorial polynomials from general diagram fillings?

There is a plethora of polynomials defined on partition shaped Young diagrams, (Schur, Jack, Grothendieck,...), and skew Young diagrams.
There are also composition shaped diagrams that are responsible ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

439 views

### Whatever happened to $L(j)$?

So this question probably shows my inner model theoretic ignorance, but:
In "Two remarks on elementary embeddings of the universe" (http://projecteuclid.org/download/pdf_1/euclid.pjm/1102969567), ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### Second derivative estimates for gradient dipendent elliptic equations

Caffarelli in the article " Interior a priori estimates for solutions of Fully non linear Equations" Ann. Math 130,No.1, 1989 proved that a continuous viscosity solution $ u $ of a uniformly elliptic ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Reference request: Flipping the factors in the Künneth formula

I would like to know if there is a reference for the fact that the following diagram commutes:
$$
\begin{array}{ccccccccc}
0 & \to & H_*(X) \otimes H_*(Y) & \to & H_*(X\times Y) & ...