This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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5
votes
3answers
345 views

Elementary reference for the isometry group of $\mathbb{RP}^2$

Endow the real projective plane with the distance defined by $d(L,L')$ := "the angle between the lines $L$ and $L'$ ". It is the case that every isometry from $RP^2$ onto $RP^2$ is induced by an ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Applications of Iss'sa's theorem on homomorphisms between algebras of meromorphc functions

In Remmert's book Funktionentheorie II, the following theorem, apparently due to Hironaka under the pseudonym Iss'sa, is proved: Let $U,V \subseteq \mathbb{C}$ be open subsets. Every $\mathbb{...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Weighted counting of circular codes

Given a circular code $X$ (for example: $X=\{ w,b \}$) with generating function $u(z)=\sum\limits_{k=0}^{\infty}{u_k z^k}$ (in this example : $u(z)=2z$), the generating function $p(z)=\sum\limits_{k=0}...
4
votes
2answers
715 views

Divergent Series as a topic of research

About a year ago, while studying real analysis, I got very much interested in divergent series. I discussed possible research topics related to divergent series with my teachers but couldn't find any. ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

$f(x)$-th largest number of prime factors

Given a sufficiently well-behaved function $1\le f(x)\le x$ and a multiset $S=\{\omega(n): 1\le n\le x\}$, what can be said about the asymptotics of the $f(x)$-th largest member of $S$? In other words,...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

A question on uniformly corepresented functor

Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a functor from the category of $k$-schemes to sets, uniformly corepresented by $M$. Suppose $U$ is an open subscheme of $M$. I could not find a good reference for uniformly ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Convexity condition of matrices

In studying the viscoelastic theory of elastodynamics, I encounter a problem on the convexity condition of matrix functions. It has been known that for the energy function $E=E(v,F) = \frac{1}{2} v^2 +...
1
vote
0answers
136 views

On the cardinality of the set of right-truncatable primes

We say that the (base ten) prime number $p=a_{n}a_{n-1}a_{n-2}\cdots a_{1}a_{0}$ is right-truncatable if all of the following numbers are prime: \begin{eqnarray*}a_{n},\\a_{n}a_{n-1},\\ a_{n}a_{n-1}...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Groebner bases for differential operators with field coefficients (reference request)

Let $K$ be a field, $\partial_i$ be commuting derivations on $K$, and consider the ring $R=K[\partial_1\ldots \partial_n]$ (it is implicitly assumed that the derivations do not commute with elements ...
6
votes
0answers
170 views

Semi-continuity of intersection numbers

I always trusted the following quite vague statement: If you have a family of effective divisors $D_1(t),\dots , D_k(t)$ on a $k$-dimensional projective variety $X_t$, where $t$ is a paramater say ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

Continuity of solutions of nonlinear elliptic PDEs

Consider the nonlinear 2nd order elliptic PDE $$\sum_{i, j} a_{ij}(x, t) \partial_i\partial_j u + \sum_k b_k(x, t) \partial_k u + c u = F(u), \quad x \in \mathbb{R}^n, t \in [0, \infty).$$ Here $a_{ij}...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Fluid dynamics of a rotating liquid droplet

I'm looking for an analytical solution of the Navier-Stokes equation with the following boundary conditions: a liquid is held inside a spherical shell, which is rotating at a constant rate, and is ...
4
votes
0answers
95 views

Cofibrations in the model structures for non-negative graded (commutative) DG algebras

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic 0. Let $\mathtt{DGA}_{k}^{+}$ denote the category of non-negative graded DG algebras and $\mathtt{CDGA}_{k}^{+}$ denote the category of non-negative graded ...
7
votes
2answers
719 views

Complexity of Turing Machine behavior

If one looks at the code for a Turing Machine (TM) with $q$ states and, let's say, $2$ symbols, they all look pretty much the same: A list of $5$-tuples: $$ < state, symbol{-}read, symbol{-}to{-}...
6
votes
2answers
121 views

Relationship between Multiplicative Ergodic Theorems

One version of Oseledets' Multiplicative Ergodic Theorem states that if $\sigma$ is an ergodic measure-preserving transformation of a space $(\Omega,\mathbb P)$ and if $A\colon\Omega\to GL(d,\mathbb R)...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

Bott-type vanishing results for the weighted Grassmannian wGr(2,5)

If $G=Gr(k,n)$ denotes the Grassmannian of k-dimensional subspaces in $V= \mathbb C^n$, representation theory gives us a Bott-type result for the cohomology groups $H^q(G, \Omega^p(k))$ of the twisted ...
1
vote
1answer
206 views

Addition of two homology classes is zero in construction of Poincare Sphere

I ask here the question since it hasn't been answered in Math Stack Exchange. I am working through Greenberg and Harper, Lecture notes on Algebraic Topology, and I am having trouble with one ...
0
votes
1answer
201 views

Pasch axiom and Pythagorean field condition?

I am looking for a reference for the claim that the Pasch axiom is equivalent to the Pythagorean field condition, and with respect to what base theory this should be true. Since posting the question, ...
20
votes
1answer
709 views

Who proved that $l^1$ and $L^1[0,1]$ are not isomorphic?

$l^1$ has the Schur property (every weakly convergent sequence is norm convergent) and $L^1[0,1]$ does not, so the two spaces cannot be isomorphic. Is this folklore, or is it credited to someone? (...
5
votes
0answers
104 views

Historical perspectives on CAT(0) spaces

Does there exist a survey on the early developments of CAT(k) spaces, with the first motivations and the first problems considered? I looked at Bridson and Haefliger's book On metric spaces of non-...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

When is the sum of complemented subspaces complemented?

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Question. Suppose $X_1,...,X_n$ are complemented subspaces of $X$. When is the sum $X_1+...+X_n$ complemented? Further, suppose we know some projections $P_1,...,P_n$ onto $...
0
votes
0answers
170 views

Milnor numbers and mixed multiplicities

section 6 of the link Teissier showed that Milnor numbers of a hypersurface $(X,0)$ with isolated singulraity at 0 is same as mixed multiplicities of the Hilbert polynomial of the filtration $\{m^rJ^s\...
4
votes
0answers
259 views

Auslander-Reiten-Quivers of representation-finite algebras having different 3-dimensional forms

I am looking for references, where I can find (pictures of) connected Auslander-Reiten-Quivers of representation-finite $k$-algebras ($k$ is a (preferably, but not necessarily finite) field) with one ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Algorithm: Computing the intersection of two conics [closed]

I am looking for a detailed description of an algorithm for the classical problem of computing the intersection of two conics curves. The curves are given by two equations of the form: $a x^2 + b y^2 ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

The spectrum and the tangent space of the algebra of holomorphic functions on a Stein manifold

Let $A$ be a Fréchet algebra over ${\mathbb C}$, and let us call the spectrum ${\tt Spec}[A]$ of $A$ the set of all characters, i.e. continuous multiplicative linear functionals $s:A\to{\mathbb C}$, ...
3
votes
0answers
180 views

First to note/document the relation between permutohedra and multiplicative inversion

The relation between the refined face numbers of the permutohedra and the formal series expansion of the reciprocal of a function (exponential generating function, formal Taylor series) is given in ...
0
votes
1answer
187 views

Field extension and nilpotent element

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$, $A$ a regular local noetherian $k$-algebra, $B$ another local noetherian $k$-algebra, $f:A \to B$ an injective ring homomorphism of ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

4-th order diophantine equation

I met in many places the equation $(a^4-b^4)(c^4-d^4)=\square$ It is well known that this was investigated by Euler. But I was unable to find the general solution of this equation. Could you please ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Fastest algorithm to compute isogeny

Let $E/GF(p)$ and $E'/GF(p')$ are two isogenous elliptic curves($\#E=\#E'$). We know that there exist the map $$\psi : E \to E'$$ Suppose that we haven't any information about degree of $\psi$. ...
4
votes
2answers
198 views

Equivalence of different cohomology groups

Let $X$ be a topological space (may be assumed to be locally compact). Let $A$ be either a field or $\mathbb{Z}$. One can consider various cohomology groups: (1) singular cohomology $H_{sing}^*(X,A)$;...
6
votes
1answer
117 views

Two notions of bundle of C* algebras

One can find in the literature two notions of $C^*$-algebra over a topological space $X$. The first is as the data of an open surjection $ \pi: B \rightarrow X$ together with the structure of a $C^*$-...
5
votes
1answer
181 views

Injectivity/Surjectivity of $F_A :=\frac{d}{dt} +A(t) $ for a hyperbolic path of matrices $A(t)$ on $H^1 $

I am looking for a reference to the following problem: Given a hyperbolic (no purely imaginary eigenvalues), continuous path of matrices $A(t)$ in $\mathbb{R}$ with hyperolic limits at $\pm \infty $. ...
10
votes
3answers
585 views

References for Yang-Mills Theory

We are looking to run a working seminar about the Yang-Mills story. We hope that our seminars is of interest to analysts (working with curvatures and Ricci flows on Riemannian manifolds), the ...
7
votes
1answer
278 views

Unique factorization of posets

Given two finite posets $P$ and $Q$, we can form the direct product poset $P \times Q$ whose elements are pairs $(p,q) \in P \times Q$ with $(p,q) \leq (p',q')$ if $p \leq p'$ and $q \leq q'$. Let us ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Fracturing $t$-structures

$\def\tee{\mathfrak{t}}$ Let $\tee_1,\tee_2$ be two $t$-structures on a triangulated category $\cal T$; call them fracturing if the two fiber sequences $\tau^\le_1X\to X\to \tau^\ge_1X$ and $\tau^\...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

explicit conformal map of sinus-shaped region

I wonder weather an explicit conformal map of a sinus-shaped region given by $\Re(z) \in [0, 1+\delta \sin(\Im(z)) ]$ onto say a strip or a ball is known (of course $0<\delta < 1$). Thank you.
1
vote
1answer
269 views

Automorphisms of rings fixing all prime ideals

Let $f,g:A \to B$ be two ring homomorphisms of noetherian rings satisfying that for any prime ideal $\mathfrak{q} \subset B$, $f^{-1}(\mathfrak{q})=g^{-1}(\mathfrak{q})=:\mathfrak{p}$ and the induced ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Need a reference/proof for computing the regularity of ideal of points in $\mathbb P^d$?

In a lecture notes on 'Cohomology modules' i read the following remark: Given a set $X$ of points in $\mathbb P^d$,using the Local Cohomology modules one can easily compute the reg$(S_X)$ where $...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Reference for a local density theorem for binary vectors

I have the following theorem written on my whiteboard, but have misplaced the reference. I believe the probabilistic method may be involved in the proof. Any pointers appreciated. Theorem Let $v\in\{...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Lyapunov exponents of Lorenz63 and Lorenz96 system

Can someone suggest a reference on the mathematical results (NOT numerical) on the Lyapunov exponents of Lorenz-63 and Lorenz-96 systems (or any other non-trivial system)? In particular, is it always ...
4
votes
2answers
333 views

Embedding property of weakly compact cardinals

One of the characterizations of $\kappa$ being a weakly compact cardinal is being inaccessible, and for every $\kappa$-model $M$, there is a [$\kappa$-model] $N$ and an elementary embedding $j\colon M\...
5
votes
1answer
74 views

smoothing locally-finite (Borel-Moore chains)

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold. As is recorded in (for example) Lee's book, de Rham proved that one can calculated singular homology, $H_*(M)$ using smooth simplices. Does the result extend to Borel-...
3
votes
1answer
254 views

Euler characteristic - reference question

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety over $\mathbb C$ and let $\mathcal F$ be a constructible sheaf on $X$. It is well-known that the Euler characteristic of the cohomology of $\mathcal F$ is equal to the ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

maximal sets of vertices that avoids a clique

I am looking for some known algorithm that finds, for a given graph, all the maximal sets of vertices that avoid a clique of some given size $k$. I'd prefer one written in MATLAB, but other languages ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

Fréchet L-Spaces

According to the paper The emergence of open sets, closed sets, and limit points in analysis and topology famous mathematician Maurice Fréchet who introduced the concept of metric spaces has also ...
1
vote
1answer
166 views

General Reference for surface singularities

Is there any "standard" reference for (rational) singularities on algebraic surfaces? I'm aware of Artin's papers and the one of Brieskorn (Rationale Singularitäten komplexer Flächen), but they seem ...
6
votes
1answer
249 views

“structure group” for fibration

Regarding "fibration" as a homotopy analogue of "fiber bundle",I want to see parallel notions of "structure group" and "fiber change" in "fibration". Does it make sense to talk about "structure group"...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

Rank diagrams of permutations $w \in S_{m}$ in the study of complete flag varieties [closed]

I'm looking for some good references that may either prove or help to prove the following statement: Show that a matrix $r=(r_{pq})_{1 \leq p,q \leq m}$ defines a rank diagram for some pair of ...
4
votes
1answer
190 views

exact definition of Fiedler vector

For a given N-vertex similarity graph $ G=(V,A) $ the eigenvalues of the unrenormalized (graph) Laplacian may be denoted as $$ 0= \mu_0 \leq \mu_1 \leq ... \leq \mu_N $$ where the corresponding ...
2
votes
2answers
300 views

Irreducible algebraic sets via irreducible polynomials

There are many results about irreducible polynomials over finite fields: we know a cardinality of all irreducible polynomials with given degree, we know explicit examples of irreducible polynomials, ...