This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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97 views

### quasi-projective and separated as topological properties

Let $X$ be a non-reduced noetherian scheme over $\mathbb{Z}$ or $\mathbb{C}$. Assume that $X^{red}$ is quasi-projective and separated, does the same hold for $X$ ?
(By the way, projective implies a ...

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**1**answer

118 views

### Counting elements with certain word length in abelian groups

Given a (finite) abelian group $G = \langle S \mid R \rangle$, has the problem of counting the number of elements which can be expressed as a word (in $S$) of length $\leq k$ been studied? If so, ...

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57 views

### concentration inequalities for quadratic forms of correlated random vectors

Let $\mathbf{n}$ is a Gaussian random vector with mean $\mathbf{0}$ and co-variance matrix $\mathbf{H}$. Let $\mathbf{r} = Sign(\mathbf{n})$, where $Sign(n_i) = 1$ if $n_i>0$ and $Sign(n_i) = -1$ ...

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44 views

### Reference request - Compact embedding of intermediate space

Given two Banach spaces $X_0$ and $X_1$ with norms $\|\cdot\|_0$ and $\|\cdot\|_1$, respectively, such that $X_0\subset X_1$ and $X_0\hookrightarrow X_1$, i.e., $X_0$ is continuous embedded in $X_1$.
...

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**1**answer

238 views

### Supplementary notes to Mumford's The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes

I am a graduate student with good mathematical maturity (I took advanced courses like category theory, commutative algebra...). I want to study algebraic geometry from Mumford's red book. I find it ...

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60 views

### The spring Markov chain on $\mathbb{N}$

I'm trying to understand and learn more about "almost surely bounded" Markov chains on countable state spaces. I'm looking for references where I can learn how to work with more complicated examples ...

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147 views

### Bundles over Grassmanian with given top Chern class

So, I have been working on Chern classes for my master thesis and apparently (My proofs could be wrong and a few things are still vague) I was able to give a construction method and exhibit, via ...

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105 views

### Reference for the Banach Manifold structure of $C^k(M,N)$

I'm completely new to the subject of banach manifolds and I'm looking for a reference of the following:
Let $M$,$N$ be smooth (=$C^\infty$) finite-dimensional compact manifolds. Consider the set ...

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88 views

### Universal property of complete linear systems

Let $X$ be a projective scheme over a field $k$ and $S$ a $k$-scheme. Fix a closed immersion $i:X \to \mathbb{P}^n$ for some $n$ and denote by $\mathcal{O}_X(1):=i^*\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^n}(1)$. Let ...

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**1**answer

149 views

### Zeta-Determinant for shifted Laplacians on the circle

Consider on the circle $S^1$ the operator
$$L := - \frac{\partial^2}{\partial \theta^2} + c$$
for some constant $c \in \mathbb{R}$.
What is its $\zeta$-regularized determinant?
This should be ...

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**1**answer

48 views

### Distribution of Poles of solutions to the first Painleve equation

In the introduction of this paper the distribution of the poles of solutions to the first Painlevé equation is discussed.
In particular it is said that the poles form a deformed lattice that ...

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**1**answer

224 views

### Class forcings and elementary embeddings

In the Hamkins-Kirmayer-Perlmutter paper "Generalizations Of The Kunen Inconsistency", they prove the following theorem:
"Theorem 7: In any set forcing extension $V[G]$, there is no nontrivial ...

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**1**answer

76 views

### Essential surfaces in the Exterior of Montesinos knots

Hatcher and Oertel computed the boundary slopes of essential surfaces of Montesinos knots in this paper. But they do not consider surfaces that do not intersect the boundary of the exterior. An ...

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121 views

### What does “control of a deformation problem” mean?

Is the expression "control of a deformation problem' ever defined? There are of course many examples relating a dg-Lie or L-infty algebra to a deformation problem, and the phrase is evocative. Is it ...

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129 views

### Is the complex structure on a del-Pezzo surface a regular complex structure?

Let $(X, \omega, J)$ be a compact symplectic manifold with an almost complex structure. Fix some homology class $\beta \in H_2(X, \mathbb{Z})$. An almost
complex structure $J$ is said to be ...

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**0**answers

28 views

### Characterization of complete lattices with join-incomplete lattice endomorphisms

Let $L$ be an complete lattice. A lattice homomorphism $f: L\to L$ is said to be join-incomplete if there is an infinite set $S \subseteq L$ such that $f(\bigvee_L S) > \bigvee_L f(S).$
How can ...

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173 views

### $\alpha$-minimal degrees for singular $\alpha$

An important question in $\alpha$-recursion theory is whether there is a minimal $\alpha$-degree at $\alpha=\aleph_\omega.$
Question 1. Who first introduced the above question, and where can I find ...

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744 views

### Survey papers on the role played by PDE in mathematics

There are already several questions on MathOverflow that inquire about the many diverse relationships between PDE and several other 'areas' of mathematics (e.g., algebraic and differential geometry ...

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173 views

### Reference request: The compactness and compact embedding in Besov Space?

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ be open bounded with smooth boundary. Let $0<s<1$, $1\leq p<\infty$, and $1\leq \theta\leq\infty$. We denote by $B^{s,p,\theta}(\Omega)$ the Besov space. For ...

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146 views

### What can we say about the boundary of the level set of a Sobolev function?

I'm a beginner of the area of free boundary problem. Let me first give some background:
$\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is an open connected set, and locally $\partial \Omega$ is a Lipschitz graph.
...

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75 views

### Find motivation for calculating $\int_{2}^{X} A^2(t) A(\alpha t)dt$

I read a thesis of Kong Kar Lun (student of Tsang K.M) about the some mean value theorems for certain errors terms in analytic number theory and in which he gave the asymptotic formulas of the ...

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174 views

### Examples of Rankin-Selberg L-functions from Eisenstein series

I've been digging for awhile to not much success, so I figure I would try here:
I am looking for some references which compute explicitly examples of Rankin-Selberg L-functions from the constant ...

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**1**answer

173 views

### An example for a construction on monads/operads?

Suppose that $C$ is a bicategory. (I only need a monoidal category, i.e. one object bicategory, but I will stick with bicategories, since theory of monads is more commonly stated in that setting). A ...

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**1**answer

106 views

### Where can I find a copy of Moussatat's 1976 thesis “On the Asymptotic Theory of Statistical Experiments and Some of Its Applications”?

It was apparently written at Berkeley under the direction of Le Cam, and it is cited in a number of contributions to mathematical statistics, for example in Strasser's (1985) book "Mathematical Theory ...

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**1**answer

62 views

### Continuous section inside a family of rank-varying operators

Good morning everybody,
my question is as follows: let $K$ be a compact set and assume $F:K\to L(\mathcal H,\mathbb R^{m+1})$ be a continuous map from the compact set $K$ to the space of linear ...

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74 views

### $Pin^{+}(4k)$ and $Pin^{-}(4k)$ are isomorphic [Reference Request]

This is some sort of "follow-up" to the (unanswered) question posted here.
Let's denote $$\varphi :O(2n)\rightarrow O(2n);A\mapsto det(A)\cdot A.$$
Then $\varphi $ is an automorphism of $O(2n)$, and ...

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71 views

### References for non-zero boundary value problem

I studied linear elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic PDEs (boundary/initial value problem) in terms of existence, uniqueness and regularity.
I studied always, following Evans book "PDE", the case with ...

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87 views

### One-sided local $L^p$ spaces

Consider the vector space $L^p_{\text{left-loc}}$ of measurable functions $f:[0,1]\to\mathbb R$ so that for all $x\in(0,1]$ there exists $\delta>0$ so that $f|_{[x-\delta,x]}\in L^p$.
Does this ...

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**2**answers

243 views

### Linear Algebra classic books [closed]

I'm learning linear algebra at the moment, so I'm looking for some great old classic books. Something like Fermat's or Gauss books of some great mathematians.
I don't really like the nowadays books ...

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256 views

### Residue class sufficiency sets for the Collatz conjecture

I have recently managed to show a sequence of sufficiency sets for the Collatz conjecture whose natural density approaches 0 (the set theoretic limit approaches the set $\{1\}$). It is an extension of ...

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505 views

### “Forthcoming paper” of Goldston-Graham-Pintz-Yıldırım

The above-named authors of [1] and its (significantly different) published version [2] write:
In a forthcoming paper, we will show how the methods here can be extended to prove corresponding ...

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69 views

### Ultraproducts and subobjects of projectives

Usually the question whether the class of projective algebras in a given variety is closed under taking subalgebras seems to be quite hard. In varieties with well understood dual geometry (e. g. ...

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48 views

### Terminology for torsion semigroups where the order of elements is uniformly finite

A (multiplicatively written) semigroup $\mathbb A = (A, \cdot)$ with the property that ${\rm ord}_\mathbb{A}(a) := |\{a^n: n \in \mathbf N^+\}| < \infty$ for every $a \in A$ is called a periodic ...

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118 views

### Minimum regular open set containing a given set in a T0 Alexandrov topological space

What is known about the minimum regular open set containing a given set in a T$_0$ Alexandrov topological space? I'm particularly interested in the condition for the minimum set happening to be ...

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**1**answer

607 views

### Counting subspaces

We are given the finite vector space $V = V(n,p) = \mathbb{F}_p^n$ and two fixed subspaces $W_1, W_2 \subseteq V$ of dimensions $m_1$, $m_2$ respectively. Suppose
that the dimension of $W_1 \cap W_2$ ...

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94 views

### Distribution of residue classes of totients of (univariate) polynomials

Let $\phi$ denote Euler's totient function and $f$ a non-constant univariate polynomial with integer coefficients such that $f(u) \in \mathbf N^+$ for all $u \in \mathbf N^+$ (assume $f$ is ...

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200 views

### Products of elliptic isometries

A well-known property on groups acting on trees is:
Theorem: Let $T$ be a tree and $g,h \in \mathrm{Isom}(T)$ two elliptic isometries. If $\mathrm{Fix}(g) \cap \mathrm{Fix}(h) = \emptyset$ then ...

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374 views

### What sort of cardinal number is the Löwenheim-Skolem number for second-order logic?

In their paper "On Löwenheim-Skolem-Tarski numbers for extensions of first order logic", Magidor and Väänänen make the following statement:
"For second order logic, $LS(L^{2})$ ...

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74 views

### Existence of the solution of a Dirichlet type differential equation

I'm reading the first chapter of the book A geometric approach to free boundary problems by Caffarelli and Salsa, see the PDF here. The question came from Page 14—15. Let me state my question:
...

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**1**answer

164 views

### Noncommutative analogs of classical Banach geometric properties

The scale of Schatten-von Neumann classes is noncommutatitve analog of classical $\ell_p$-spaces. A lot of researchers devoted their lives to study Banach geometric structure of these spaces. ...

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98 views

### Reference request: using integral equations to study asymptotics of ODEs

I was told by my supervisor that one way to study the asymptotic behaviour of solutions to ODEs is "to reformulate them as integral equations, and use fixed-point kind theorems on the resulting ...

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408 views

### Commutative algebra books representing the edge of research

Recently I have come across the books Combinatorial Commutative Algebra by Miller and Sturmfels along with Combinatorics and Commutative Algebra by Stanley. I will soon own a copy of each. I also ...

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230 views

### reference request: direct product of WOT-continuous unitary representations

In an article I'm revising, I spend some time giving a self-contained proof of the following result
Let $G$ be a (Hausdorff) topological group and let $(\pi_i)$ be a family of unitary ...

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**1**answer

138 views

### Gradient of Probability Distribution

Given a random walk on a lattice $L$ (not necessarily centered - we allow $E[X_i] \neq 0$ for the i.i.d. increments $X_i$), let $p_t(x)$ denote the probability measure of state $x \in L$ after $t$ ...

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**1**answer

167 views

### The first Betti number of a finite covering space of a closed 3-manifold

Let $\tilde{M}\to M$ be a finite covering of closed 3-manifolds.
Is it possible that $\beta_1(\tilde{M})-1> [\pi_1(M):\pi_1(\tilde{M})](\beta_1(M)-1)>0$?
Here, ...

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**1**answer

281 views

### A question related to Woodin's $HOD$ conjecture

Recall that an $\kappa$ is $\omega$-strongly measurable in $\text{HOD}$ if there exists
$\lambda < \kappa$ such that $(2^{\lambda})^{\text{HOD}} < \kappa$ and such that
there is no partition of ...

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101 views

### Linear vs smooth actions of finite groups on spheres, euclidean spaces and closed disks

I would like to know examples (with references, if possible) of the following:
(1) a finite group $G$ acting effectively and smoothly on a sphere $S^n$ (any $n$) but admitting no effective linear ...

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**1**answer

121 views

### Maximal $\pi/2$-separated subset of the sphere

A subset $A$ of a metric space is called $\varepsilon$-separated if
$$dist(x,y)> \varepsilon \mbox{ for all } x\ne y\in A.$$
(Notice that the inequality in my definition is strict.)
What is the ...

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**1**answer

101 views

### Enumerator Polynomials for Linear Anytime Codes

Let $C = \{c \in \mathbb{F}^n_2 : Hc=0\}$ be a binary linear code where $H \in \mathbb{F}^{k \times n}_2$ is a block lower-triangular matrix of full rank called the parity-check matrix of $C$. Clearly ...

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**1**answer

134 views

### How to construct the symmetric power function from a modular form?

I want to understand how we construct from a modular form $f$ its symmetric power function $Sym^rf.$ I read that there is a particular representation that does this but I am not familiar with this ...