This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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1
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1answer
129 views

Can any bounded area defined by polynomial inequality in $\mathbb{R}^n$ be partitioned into simply connected finite area such that

Can any bounded area defined by polynomial inequality in $\mathbb{R}^n$ be partitioned into simply connected finite areas such that for each simply finite area there exist a diffeomorphic map that ...
9
votes
1answer
374 views

Between compact and locally uniform: What is the name of this convergence?

Let $X$ be a topological space, $(Y,d)$ a metric space, $f\in Y^X$, and $(f_n)$ a sequence in $Y^X$ with the following property: For every $x_0\in X$ and every $\varepsilon>0$, there exist a ...
8
votes
2answers
274 views

What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism?

What is the BRST-anti-BRST formalism? Is the Sp(2) doublet the ghost, antighost pair? Introductory accounts of this subject seem to be hard to find. I would appreciate a reference for someone who ...
2
votes
0answers
170 views

Diophantine equations over cyclotomic fields

Let $\mathbb{Q}^{\text{ab}}$ be the compositum of all finite abelian extensions of $\mathbb{Q}$. Explicitly, $\mathbb{Q}^{\text{ab}}$ is the field obtained from $\mathbb{Q}$ by adjoining all roots of ...
7
votes
7answers
592 views

What is the best reference for Spectral theory?

I'm studying Bernard Aupetit: A Primer on Spectral Theory but the textbook we are using is a little bit heavy going for me. Is there a best book to learn about these things? Thank you.
3
votes
0answers
80 views

Oscillatory integral moments of $L(\frac{1}{2} + it, f \times f)$

Understanding moments and subconvexity bounds for $L$-functions is a big topic with a lot of activity. I'm currently looking at a related problem, bounding $$ \int_0^T L\left(\tfrac{1}{2} + it, f ...
12
votes
1answer
245 views

Subquotients in the Verma filtration on Verma modules

Let $\lambda$ be a dominant integral weight of $\mathfrak g$, a finite-dimensional reductive Lie algebra over $\mathbb C$. Let $M(w\cdot \lambda)$ denote the Verma module with high weight $w\cdot ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Name for generalization of bivariate weighted-homogeneous polynomials

A polynomial $f = \sum_j c_j X^{\alpha_j}Y^{\beta_j}\in\mathbb K[X,Y]$ is said weighted-homogeneous if there exist $p$, $q$ and $d$ (where $p$ and $q$ are not both $0$) such that ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

A good reference for uniformization theorem for compact and non-compact Riemann surface

I am looking for a good reference for the uniformization theorem for Riemann surfaces, which states that each simply connected Riemannian surface is conformally equivalent to the complex plane ...
6
votes
1answer
286 views

Applications of the Small and Great Theorems of Picard

I just presented the two famous theorems of Picard (Small and Great) in a graduate course, but I have not managed to discover a good number of interesting applications. List of applications (rather ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Orthogonal polynomial under linear transformation

Let $M_n(x) = x^n$ be the standard monomials. The binomial formula allows one to expand $M_n(ax+b)$ as a linear combination of $M_k(x)$, for $k \leq n$, giving $$ M_n(ax+b) = (ax+b)^n = \sum_{k=0}^n ...
1
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0answers
43 views

request for any expository works in pointwise convergence of double Fourier series and especially a paper by Hardy

Quart. J. Math. Volume 37, Issue 1, Pages 53-79 On double Fourier series, and especially those which represent the double zeta-function with real and incommensurable parameters. Hardy, G.H. I am not ...
5
votes
1answer
183 views

Book about the history of mathematics for weather prediction

Can someone recommend a book about the history of mathematics being used for weather prediction, preferable one which covers recent developments?
1
vote
2answers
132 views

Speed and absence of non-constant bounded harmonic functions

For a (symmetric) random walks on countable groups generated by $\mu$, there is a "brute-force computation" argument of Avez (1974) that shows that if the entropy $h_\mu$ is trivial then there are no ...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

Is nfcp equivalent to stable + eliminates $\exists^\infty$?

Let $T$ be a complete first-order theory. Recall that a formula $\phi(\overline{x},\overline{y})$ has the finite cover property (fcp) if for all $n$, there exist $\overline{a}_1,\dots,\overline{a}_n$ ...
3
votes
0answers
106 views

torsion free for the 2nd cohomology group?

Let $G$ denotes an infinite coutable discrete group with Kazhdan's property (T), My question is: is it known that the 2nd cohomology group $H^2(G,\mathbb{Z}G)$ is torsion free? Thanks in advance! ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

For compact complex surfaces $h^{1,0}$ is either $h^{0,1}$ or $h^{0,1} - 1$. Do we need to use the Enriques-Kodaira classification?

In the Wikipedia article on the Enriques-Kodaira classification, before the classification itself, the following sentence appears: For compact complex surfaces $h^{1,0}$ is either $h^{0,1}$ or ...
9
votes
3answers
199 views

Reference request: Systems of linear PDES with constant coefficients

I am looking for a reference for the following statement: Assume that $P_1, \dots, P_k \in \mathbb R[x_1, \dots, x_m]$ and consider a system of PDEs \begin{align} P_i(\partial / \partial x_1, \dots, ...
1
vote
0answers
110 views

Noncommutativization of fixed point theory

What papers or references have been devoted for a noncommutativization of "Fixed point theory". Here the terminology Noncommutativiztion, as usual, indicates to that famous table with 2 columns: ...
5
votes
1answer
168 views

Uniformization of a plane minus cantor set

Let $\mathbb{D}$ be the unit disk endowed with the Poincaré metric and $G$ be a Fuchsian group such that the hyperbolic surface $\mathbb{D}/G$ is homeomorphic to the plane minus a Cantor set. ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Dependence of solutions on parameters in partial differential equations

In the standard homogenization problem $$-\nabla.\left(A\left(x,\frac{x}{\epsilon}\right)\nabla u^{\epsilon}(x)\right)=f\ \mbox{in } \Omega,$$ the homogenized matrix $A_0$ is given in terms of ...
5
votes
1answer
369 views

Harmonic Crystal using Random Walk

Me and my advisor were looking for a specific proof of the disorder in $2d$ harmonic crystals. We could not find a paper or a textbook with it, so I thought trying my luck here. Basically, it is a ...
2
votes
1answer
213 views

Weyl group of a symmetric space

Let $G/K$ be a symmetric space of a non-compact type, i.e. $G$ is a semi-simple connected Lie group, and $K$ is its maximal compact subgroup. Helgason in his book "Differential geometry and symmetric ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

How does perturbation method guarantee its solution for the perturbed pde $\Delta u + \epsilon u^2 =0$

[This may not be a research-level question; if it violates any term of this website, I will delete it right away] My question is quite simple: Suppose we are given a PDE of with a boundary condition ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Proper Model Category

Let R be a commuative ring. Consider the category of simplicial R-modules with the projective model stucture. Can someone give me a precise reference which proves that this model category is proper? ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Sufficient and necessary condition for BIBO stability

I am looking for a reference for the proof of the next claim: "BIBO—bounded input bounded output—stability. We claim that a necessary and sufficient condition for a system described by a linear, ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Unitary dual of $Sp_4(\mathbb{R})$

Do we know the unitary dual of $Sp_4(\mathbb{R})$? If so, can someone provide me any references? How about other rank 2 real groups? Thank you!
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Obtaining non-normal varieties by pushout

In his answer to this MO question, Karl Schwede claimed that every non-normal variety can be obtained by an appropriate pushout diagram, as sketched in that answer. This would give substance to the ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Reference request: Wasserstein metric spaces for non linear weights/mobility?

There is a very nice theory of gradient flows in metric spaces by Ambrosio, Gigli and Savaré. One particularly important application is the quadratic Wasserstein setting, where the metric space in ...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

SVD of Frechet derivative

This is mainly a reference request. Is there a particular characterization of operators A from a Hilbert space H to itself such that the Frechet derivative A'(u) exists for each $u \in H$ and for any ...
6
votes
4answers
179 views

Inside-out polygonal dissections

A dissection of a polygon $P$ is a partition of $P$ into a finite number of pieces, which can then be rearranged (via planar translations and rotations) and joined (without overlap) to form a new ...
0
votes
1answer
161 views

Aronszajn measure

In a geometric measure theory (GMT) course I'm following this year, the professor told us about the Aronszajn measure, and asked us to go check by ourselves what it reprensents (the course was about ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Reference for a proof of a projective representation of $A_6$

This question is copied from math.stackexchange, in hope that it might get some attension. I want to understand the proof of There is a projective representation of $A_6 \hookrightarrow ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

The link and equivalence between variant definition of computation model and computational complexity over reals

To unify the numerical computation and classic computability theory, or to pave a foundation for the numerical computation, mathematicians present variant computation model and computational ...
10
votes
3answers
434 views

Natural associative law for a ternary “group”?

Suppose one were to define a group-like structure based on a set $G$ with a ternary (rather than binary) operator $g( a, b, c ) = \left< a, b, c \right>$. One possible definition for the ...
2
votes
3answers
376 views

Lucido's three prime lemma

Let G be a finite solvable group. If p,q,r are distinct primes dividing |G|, then G contains an element of order the product of two of these three primes. This is lucido's three prime lemma. I ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Literature on the notion of combining two discrete stationary processes with the latter process slowed down

Is there any literature about the following way of combining two stationary processes? Let $X_1, X_2, \dots$ be a discrete-time stationary process. Let $A$ be a subset in its sample space. Let ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Associated graded Lie algebra of braid groups

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set $\mathcal{L}_G(k)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and ...
24
votes
4answers
2k views

Recent, elementary results in algebraic geometry

Next semester I will be teaching an introductory algebraic geometry class for a smallish group of undergrads. In the last couple weeks, I hope that each student will give a one-hour presentation. ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Non-negativity of invariant polynomials

Certifying the non-negativity of a symmetric polynomial is much easier than certifying the non-negativity of an arbitrary polynomial function: for instance, in (1) is proved that the complexity of ...
4
votes
1answer
271 views

The formula for a perhaps basic identity (move from stackexchange)

The following question is moved from math stackexchange. It seems that this is not a popular question, but I really want to know the answer so I moved it to here. The question reads as follows. We ...
0
votes
0answers
91 views

Classification of complex Kronecker foliations

Let $\theta \in \mathbb{C}$ be a fixed complex number. The submersion $f:\mathbb{C}^{2}\to \mathbb{C}\; \text{with}\; f(x,y)=y-\theta x$ defines a complex foliation on $\mathbb{C}^{2}$. Consider the ...
1
vote
1answer
177 views

Self-similarity for simple algebraic structures [closed]

I'm doing this thread because I have some ideas about how to define self-similarity in algebra, but I don't know if this is known at all. Any critics, comments and references are more than welcomed. ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

semi-classical Green's function

I am reading Gutzwiller's papers on the relation between Hamiltonian flows and solution to Schrodinger equations. In the two papers, he gave a semi-classical approximation of the Green's function to ...
3
votes
0answers
138 views

Argument againts the $abcd$ conjecture with extra gcd conditions

Got an argument and numerical support againts the $abcd$ conjecture with extra gcd conditions (observe that this is different from the $abc$ and the $abcd$ conjectures). This thesis p. 20 defines the ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Lower regularity version of Moser's theorem on volume elements

A theorem of Moser, published in "On the Volume Elements of a Manifold" (Transactions of the Americal Mathematical Society 120, 1965), shows that if a $C^\infty$ compact manifold $M$ has two ...
4
votes
0answers
214 views

“Partition” of a smooth function in $\mathbb R^2$

This is a question asking for reference. I have a proof of the following. Let $f=f(x,y)$ be a smooth function in $\mathbb R^2$ which vanishes at the origin. Then there exist smooth functions ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

The definition of computational complexity or complexity measure of computing reals [closed]

A real $r$ is computable if given any $i\in \mathbb{N}$, the $i$th bit can be outputed by a Turing Machine or an algorithm. So, what is computational complexity or complexity measure of computing the ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Nonlocal Stefan problems

Has there been much work in the setting of Stefan (or general free boundary) problems with some type of nonlocality? A search on Google and MathSciNet give me only a handful of results which greatly ...
5
votes
2answers
138 views

Positivity of Ehrhart polynomial coefficients

Are there any results stating that a given family of convex polytopes have Ehrhart polynomials with non-negative coefficients? What methods are available for proving such a property for some family ...