This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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3
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311 views

Reference request: a guide through quantum probability

Could you point out a comprehensive reference book (or more than one, if it is the case) on Quantum Probability that introduces the subject and then gradually builds up to the edges of contemporary ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

Explicit description/calculation of norm group of ideles of characteristic $p$ global field

I posted the same question earlier in stack exchange, (http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1130391/algebraic-proof-of-2nd-inequality-of-global-class-field) thinking it is most definitely not a ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

Heegner points on elliptic curves

I want to know about Heegner point computations for a CM elliptic curve. What is the best reference book/paper for reading?
11
votes
1answer
341 views

Schemes over topological rings

I have recently been interested in studying an extension of 'usual' algebraic geometry to take into account the topology of $R$ in the definition of the affine scheme $\mathrm{Spec}\, (R)$ when the ...
9
votes
0answers
205 views

Proving regularity properties from forcing axioms

It's well known that PFA implies projective determinacy. It's also well known that PD implies that all projective sets are Lebesgue measurable, have the Baire property, etc. Is there a direct proof ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

Totally non hereditary $C^{*}$-subalgebras

Assume that $B$ is a $C^{*}$ subalgebra of $A$. We say $B$ is totally non hereditary subalgebra of $A$ if not only $B$ is not a hereditary subalgebra but also it is not isomorphic to any ...
5
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0answers
190 views

Legendre polynomials and formal groups

Let $P_n(x)$ be Legendre polynomials: $$\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-2tx+t^2}}=\sum\limits_{n=0}^{\infty}P_n(x)t^n.$$ Usual arguments from the theory of formal groups allow to prove that for any $n$ ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

Lower bound for the $p$-th absolute moment of a sum of random variables

Suppose that $X_1,\ldots,X_n$ are independent random variables with $\operatorname E X_k=0$ and $\operatorname E |X_k|^p<\infty$ with $1<p<2$ for each $1\le k\le n$. I am interested in the ...
8
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0answers
106 views

Comparing a Chevalley basis with the canonical basis of the adjoint module?

First some background: Given a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ over an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0 such as $\mathbb{C}$, fix a Cartan decomposition $\mathfrak{g} = \mathfrak{h} ...
3
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0answers
56 views

Are all $k$th-longest-tour problems equally hard?

It is well known, that determining the shortest and, the longest Hamilton Cycle of a complete graph with real edge weights are algorithmically two sides of the same medal: one transforms to the other ...
14
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0answers
365 views

Can there be arbitrarily many cubic fields unramified outside $\{p,\infty\}$?

Observe, trivially, that since quadratic fields correspond to rational integers modulo squares (viz. discriminants), there are (roughly about, but certainly at most) $2^{|S|+1}$ quadratic fields ...
0
votes
1answer
128 views

Ambient isotopy of the diagonal submanifold in product space

Given a closed manifold $M^n$ and its $k$-fold product space $M^n\times\cdots\times M^n$,Can the diagonal submanifold $\Delta:=\{(m,\cdots,m)\in (M^n)^k\mid m\in M\}$ be isotopied to the submanifold ...
17
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1answer
723 views
+50

On Grothendieck's idea on his Standard Conjecture B

Let me recall the Standard Conjecture B (see [1,2] below): The $\Lambda$-operation of Hodge theory is algebraic. It more or less says that the partial inverse to “cupping with the class of a ...
5
votes
0answers
100 views

What's the variance in the Six Degrees model?

Recall the six degrees of Kevin Bacon game. You can even play the game at The Oracle of Bacon, and their search works via Breadth First Search. I interpret the punchline as saying that if I start ...
1
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0answers
122 views

Intuition for hereditary torsion theories

I'm looking for intuition and references for the definition of a hereditary torsion theory and two facts found here. First, the definition and facts: Definition. A torsion theory $(\mathcal ...
6
votes
2answers
154 views

Geometric dominating set: NP-complete?

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a geometric graph, a graph embedded in the plane whose edge lengths are the Euclidean distance between its endpoint vertices. Say that a set of vertices $D \subseteq V$ is a geometric ...
3
votes
1answer
225 views

book about string theory a la Von Neumann [duplicate]

Can we summarize string theory (in its actual state) in some principles and fundamental equations like electromagnetism, general relativity, quantum mechanics and classical mechanics ? I am looking ...
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0answers
47 views

Shuffle multiplication and generalized Leibniz rule in tensor calculus

The headline already says it: Is anybody (except me) aware of this formula for higher total covariant derivatives of tensor products? It is the simplest application of the commutative shuffle product ...
2
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0answers
103 views

Does this symmetrization operator have a name? Any theory?

Consider a function $f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ of $n$ complex variables. Define $$f_{\mathrm{symm}}(x_1,\ldots,x_n) = 2^{-n}\sum_{\varepsilon_1,\ldots,\varepsilon_n=\pm 1} ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

reference for higher spin - not gravitational nor stringy

Other than the papers of Berends, Burgers and van Dam, are there any papers that study the general case of deforming a free field theory with higher spin fields to be interactive?
7
votes
2answers
801 views

Surveys of the items of Erdős' “toolbox”

Could you point out some survey papers and monographs that highlight the kernel of tricks, techniques, and tools that Paul Erdős employed the most in his research work (in particular in graph theory, ...
6
votes
1answer
95 views

What is the original reference for disorientations on tangle diagrams?

There are several invariants whose "natural" domain is a category of disoriented tangles, that is tangles which are piecewise-oriented, but which contain points called `disorientations' at which the ...
11
votes
1answer
230 views

Papers about decentralized search and cluster

I just start an independent study about small world network and clusters and I try to find papers about decentralized search and clusters. Can anyone give me some references? Thanks! EDIT (David ...
4
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1answer
226 views

Besse p134 Riemann tensor in dimension 4

Does someone have a reference for the proof of 4.72 page 134 of Einstein Manifolds? It is said that $$\check{R}-\vert R\vert^2g/4=S/3 (Ric-S/4) +2\mathring{W}(Ric -S/4) $$ because we are in dimension ...
2
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0answers
42 views

Decidability of first order theory of subclasses of posets

Is the first order theory of finite posets known to be undecidable? Does anyone know a survey about such results?
3
votes
3answers
317 views

Find an integrable, positive, unbounded, analytic function

Is there a standard example of a function $f \in L^1( \mathbb R)$ which is analytic, positive, integrable but not bounded? An example which comes immediately to mind is to take the series of narrower ...
1
vote
0answers
127 views

Help in understanding “Local well-posedness for the Maxwell-Schrodinger system”

Is there someone who knows the following paper "Local well-posedness for the Maxwell-Schrodinger system" by M.Nakamura and T.Wada. I'm trying to study it but I've some doubts. In particular I'm not ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

Tiling with restricted overlap

Non-overlapping tilings of regions is a well-studied topic. I wonder if the following variant has been considered: A tile can be partitioned into several regions, where such regions from different ...
3
votes
1answer
247 views

Reference request for the relation of Ext groups and bar construction

I need a reference for the description of Ext groups in mixed categories (i.e. abelian categories with a weight filtration and semisimple graded quotients) by using the bar complex, as mentioned in ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Legendre transform and Lipschitz approximation

Let $(X,d)$ be a compact metric space and $f:X \to \mathbb{R}$ a real valued continuous function. Let us agree that a modulus of continuity means concave, nondecreasing, uniformly continuous function ...
0
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0answers
26 views

Interesting properties of complex Gateaux derivatives

The complex Gateaux derivatives are for $\psi=\psi_{1}+i\psi_{2}$ and functional F $dF(\psi,\xi)=d_{\psi_{1}}F(\psi_{1},\xi_{1}-id_{\psi_{2}}F(\psi_{2},\xi_{2}$ and ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Reference for exercises with solutions for affine Lie algebras

I am doing self-study of affine Lie algebras, and while I have all recommended reference material, I find it hard to prepare for the exam. It was quite easy to study finite-dimensional simple Lie ...
14
votes
2answers
866 views

Open problems in Berkovich geometry

I would like to know if there is a state of the art recent reference on non-archimedean analytic spaces mentioning/listing open problems, conjectures, unresolved questions in the theory (*). I have ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Is a matrix element of a norm continuous representation always a trigonometric polynomial?

I asked a similar question for the case of compact groups not long ago in math.stackexchange. Now I understand that the answer was "yes", and I want to modify that question. This is also related to my ...
6
votes
1answer
129 views

Trigonometric polynomials on non-compact and non-abelian groups

I asked this initially in math.stackexchange, but it disappeared almost immediately, so I hope it will be proper to aks this here. Hewitt and Ross define trigonometric polynomial on a locally compact ...
7
votes
2answers
204 views

Recent trends in effective analysis

The references listed at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computable_analysis have all been published 30-15 years ago. Are the approaches which these references expose still up-to-date and relevant to the ...
3
votes
0answers
174 views

Is $\mathcal{K}(H)$ injective $\mathcal{B}(H)$-module?

Does anyone know if the right Banach $\mathcal{B}(H)$-module $\mathcal{K}(H)$ is injective? The same question for $\ell_\infty$-module $c_0$. Both these modules are not dual, so standard arguments ...
3
votes
3answers
262 views

Survey papers of results (relevant to mathematics) produced during research on the relationship between mathematics and music theory

It is well-known that there is a relationship between music and mathematics, and there are many references that explore this topic (for example, Benson's book). However, I would like to ask if there ...
7
votes
1answer
168 views

A question on the twistor space of a manifold

Let $M$ be either (a) self-dual conformal 4-manifold, or (b) hypercomplex $4n$-manifold. In either case one can construct the twistor space $Z$ (in the case (b) $Z=\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^1\times M$ as a ...
2
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0answers
93 views

Isomorphic subcategories of directed graphs and presets

For the purposes of this post, a digraph (directed graph) has neither loops nor multiple parallel edges, and a preset is an ordered pair consisting of a set $S$ and a preorder (viz., a reflexive and ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Are Carnot groups (as Carnot Caratheodory metric spaces) doubling?

I need to use the Lebesgue differentiation theorem for doubling metric measure spaces and was wondering if Carnot groups are doubling. If yes, is there any reference you can point me to? Thank you.
11
votes
2answers
738 views

nonstandard models and mathematical theorems

Is there a first order statement about the natural numbers (not nonstandard analysis) such that the truth of the statement is easier to see in a nonstandard model? In other words, do nonstandard ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

Special linear groups over function fields

Let $p$ be a prime number, and let $q$ be a finite power of $p$. Denote by $F_q$ the unique field with $q$ elements. What is known about the structure and properties of $\mathrm{SL}_2(F_q[t])$ as ...
5
votes
0answers
123 views

Characterizations of an exotic measure on the open sets in the circle $S^{1}$

Suppose that $U\subseteq S^{1}$ is open where $S^{1}=\{z\in\mathbb{Z}:|z|=1\}$. Then define $\mu_{n}(U)=\max_{t\in S^{1}}\frac{1}{n}\cdot|\{k\in\{1,...,n\}|t\cdot e^{\frac{2\pi ik}{n}}\in U\}|$. ...
7
votes
0answers
93 views

Approximate singular value decomposition in Banach spaces

I am interested in generalisations to Banach spaces of the following construction, which relates to the singular value decomposition of a finite-dimensional linear map. If $V$, $W$ are ...
3
votes
1answer
371 views

Do hom-sets really live in the category Set?

This isn't really a research-level question (sorry!), but I asked on math.se (link), and though the question was upvoted a few times, I didn't get any answers. So since there may well be more ...
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0answers
55 views

Invariance of the Noether charge

The paper http://epubs.siam.org/doi/abs/10.1137/1023098 (Generalizations of Noether’s Theorem in Classical Mechanics, by Willy Sarlet and Frans Cantrijn) mentions "an interesting property of the ...
5
votes
1answer
432 views

Consequences of ZF+“all subsets of reals are Lebesgue measurable”

(I'm not sure if this is entirely suitable here so feel free to close it if it's not.) The statement "there is a Lebesgue measure on $\mathbb{R}$($2^\omega$)" means: there is a total $\sigma$-additive ...
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vote
2answers
252 views

A question on the Lebesgue differentiation theorem

In the paper [Jessen, B., Marcinkiewicz, J., and Zygmund, A. Note on the differentiability of multiple integrals. Fundamenta Mathematicae 25.1 (1935): 217-234] it is considered the limit $$ ...
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0answers
36 views

Regularity of solutions of strongly elliptic system: how smooth must the boundary be?

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a bounded domain with the boundary of class $C^{1,1}$. Let $A$ be a selfadjoint operator acting in $L^2(\Omega;\mathbb{C}^n)$. The operator $A$ is given by the ...