This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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40 views

### Perturbation of a Fredholm sections which preserves compactness of 0-set

I am learning Morse-Bott-Floer theory and found the following cool paper
http://de.arxiv.org/abs/1310.5080
by P. Albers and D Hein. In order to prove a cup-length estimate on the number of critical ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Example of a $G$-sphere that is not a $G$-representation sphere

Let $G$ be a finite group with the discrete topology. To set terminology:
a $G$-sphere is a sphere equipped with a continuous $G$-action
a $G$-representation sphere is a $G$-sphere obtained from an ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Loss of derivative of subelliptic operator

Consider the differential operator $P$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$, given by $P = \frac{\partial^2}{\partial x^2} + x^2\frac{\partial^2}{\partial y^2}$. Clearly it is elliptic everywhere except on the $y$-axis. ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

692 views

### Catalan numbers as sums of squares of numbers in the rows of the Catalan triangle - is there a combinatorial explanation?

This question arose from an answer to my recent question How many traces are there on Temperley-Lieb, Fuss-Catalan, Iwahori-Hecke, Birman-Wenzl-Murakami-Kauffman, ... algebras?
What I need from that ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

252 views

### Is Eilenberg-Maclane $\wedge$ Moore space the spectrum of the cohomology theory $H^*(\ ,G)$?

In the web page http://www.encyclopediaofmath.org/index.php/Moore_space it can be found the following statement:
If $K(\mathbb Z,n)$ is the Eilenberg–MacLane space of the group of integers ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

52 views

### Limiting absorption principle

I would like to know if there is a book (or a paper) which can give me an introduction to LAP. I tried to read some papers by myself, but I don't feel comfortable. I think that I need the basic ideas ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

254 views

### What's the name of this branched covering?

I've come across a double cover of $\mathbb P_1(\mathbb C)$, ramified at $[1:1]$ and $[-1:1]$ in homogeneous coordinates, given as the quotient by the natural $\mathbb Z/2\mathbb Z$-action generated ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

402 views

### How many traces are there on Temperley-Lieb, Fuss-Catalan, Iwahori-Hecke, Birman-Wenzl-Murakami-Kauffman, … algebras?

There is a theorem (I believe by Ocneanu) that the Markov trace on the tower of Temperley-Lieb algebras is (essentially) unique.
What about just traces on separate algebras? That is, take one of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

135 views

### If $q^k n^2$ is an odd perfect number with Euler prime $q$, are the following statements known to hold in general? [closed]

(Note: This has been cross-posted to MSE. However, I feel that it is more likely to receive a good answer here, because I believe that it is a research-level question. For the mathematicians who ...

**3**

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**0**answers

79 views

### Reference for a lemma on the asymptotic upper density of special sets with large gaps and intervals

Update. Based on Anthony Quas' comment below, the proof can be made sensibly shorter and the lemma can be slightly generalized by weakening the old assumption (iii).
In a joint paper that I am ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Equation of the curve corresponding to a polarization of an abelian surface

Let $\mathbb{C}^2/\Lambda$ be a polarized abelian surface. I think it is well-known how to write down the equation of the divisor corresponding to the polarization, in terms of theta functions etc. ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

162 views

### Pseudodifferential operators on spaces with boundary

Consider the upper half space $\mathbb{R}^n_{+} = \{x = (x_1,..,x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n : x_n \geq 0\}$. Consider the Laplacian on this space with either the Dirichlet boundary condition or the Neumann ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Enriques classification of algebraic surfaces in characteristic zero

I am searching for a reference about the classification of algebraic surfaces over an arbitrary algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. In the 1949 book "le superficie algebriche" by ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Automorphisms of a differential field and transcendence degree

Let $(\mathcal{F},+,\times,\partial)$ be a differential field, and let's define its automorphism group $Aut(\mathcal{F})$ as the group, under composition, consisting of all bijective maps ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### Earliest source for a Lie algebra construction

I am looking for the earliest reference to the fact that any associative algebra becomes a Lie algebra with bracket $AXB-BXA$, where $X$ is a fixed element of the algebra. This is observed in the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

132 views

### Level-Lowering in Weight 2

Let $N$ and $p$ be relatively prime integers with $p$ a prime. Suppose $f$ is a weight $k=2$ (normalized, cuspidal, etc) newform of level $\Gamma_1(N) \cap \Gamma_0(p)$. I seem to recall the existence ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

174 views

### $\mathcal S'(\mathbb R^d)$ is separable [closed]

I Think the statement is true, but I struggle to find a reference for the fact that the space of tempered distributions equipped with the weak-* topology is separable.
Thank you for your help!

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### How does deletion-contraction affect chromatic number? Can it increase chromatic number? [closed]

Question: In graph theory, contracting an edge or deleting an edge are basic operations in many topics such as graph minors or Wagner's theorem on planar graphs. And I'm interested in how these ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### Reference request for some “irregularities of distribution” papers

I would like to ask if anyone has access to any of the following papers:
1. J. G. van der Corput, Proc. Kon. Ned. Alcad. v. Wetensch., Amsterdam, 38, 813-821
(1935).
2. J. G. van der Corput, ibid. 38, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

161 views

### Examples of toric threefolds

I am looking for examples of smooth projective toric threefolds $\mathbb P_\Delta$ such that the rational polytope $\Delta$ has only pentagonal faces and hexagonal faces.
I quickly searched for ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

335 views

### Higher-dimensional category theory on objects

I would like to know if there exists a satisfying generalization of higher-dimensional category theory on objects, that doesn't forget the inner structure of objects. Usually, what people do is to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Correspondence between real forms and real structures on complex Lie groups

I asked this in MSE, but without success, so I hope, it will be suitable here.
E.B.Vinberg and A.L.Onishchik in their book give the following two definitions.
For a complex Lie group $G$ its real ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### interpolation between Bochner spaces

Is there a reference for the interpolation result stating the existence of an embedding
\begin{equation}
L^2(I;W^{2,p}(\Omega)) \cap H^1(I;L^p(\Omega)) \hookrightarrow ...

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votes

**2**answers

202 views

### What methods do we have to understand the spectrum of matrices with restricted entries?

Consider questions of the form (or the "most probable value of" version of these questions rather than the "largest possible"),
What is the largest possible spectral radius of a $n \times n$ matrix ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### On various “extension closures” and “orthogonals” in triangulated categories

A vague form of my question is the following one: for a class of objects $D$ of a triangulated category $C$ we consider the class $E$ of objects that satisfy $Mor_{C}(d,e)=\{0\}\ \forall d\in D$; ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Preprint by Wall on Sjogren's theorem

In their account http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-4049(87)90048-X of Sjogren's theorem, Cliff and Hartley refer to two articles:
[9] B. Hartley, A note on a lemma of Sjogren relating to. dimension ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### n-homology of a Harish-Chandra module

Let $G$ be a connected real reductive Lie group and let $K$ be its maximal compact subgroup.
Let $P=MAN$ a parabolic subgroup. Let $K_M^0=M^0\cap K$ be connected component of the maximal compact ...

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votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Resolvent estimate of hyperbolic Laplacian [closed]

Consider the Laplacian $-\Delta$ on the hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^n$. For $\lambda \in \mathbb{C} \setminus [0, \infty)$, do we have resolvent estimates of the form
$$\Vert (-\Delta - \lambda ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

200 views

### Enumerating cosets of the modular group

Suppose we chose the generators $f(z) = z+1, g(z) = z-1, h(z) = -1/z$ for the modular group $\Gamma$ (i.e. the group of fractional linear tranformations $z \mapsto (az +b)/(cz+d)$ with $a,b,c,d \in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

180 views

### References for 'Theory of $p$-adic Galois Representations by Fontaine & Ouyang'

Presently I am reading the 'Theory of $p$-adic Galois Representations by Fontaine & Ouyang'. I am finding it difficult for eg. the initial sections on $l$-adic geometric representation of finite ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### Model structure on non-negative differential graded algebras with homological grading

I was wondering if there exists a model structure on the category of non-negative differential graded algebras with homological grading. To be more precise: Let $Ch_{k}$ the model category of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Localized at $p$ integral representations of finite elementary $p$-groups

Let $C_p$ be a cyclic group of prime order $p$.
Let $F=C_p^n=C_p\times\dots\times C_p$ ($n$ times).
I would like to to classify finite dimensional representations of $F$ over ${\mathbb{Z}}$.
However, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

76 views

### Reference for measures of commutativity needed

I'm looking for an appropriate measure to quantify the extent to which two matrices commute. In other words, if A and B are two n×n Hermitian matrices, and [A,B]=C.
I'd like a function μ:Cn×n→[0,∞) ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### Complete list of exceptions and efficient algorithm for Waring's problem

2 weeks ago, Samir Siksek http://arxiv.org/abs/1505.00647 proved more than 150-years-old conjecture that every positive integer other than 15, 22, 23, 50, 114, 167, 175, 186, 212, 231, 238, 239, 303, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### Global existence solutions NLS

Let's consider the following NLS in $\mathbb{R}^3$
$$i\partial_t\psi=-\Delta\psi+\vert\psi\vert^2\psi$$
How to prove that $H^2$-solutions are globally in time? Can someone suggest references to me?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Integrability of Continuous Tangent Subbundles

Are there any field of mathematics, except dynamical systems, where one needs to integrate continuous sub-bundles of the tangent space?
More specifically given a smooth manifold of $M$ and a ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

204 views

### hyperbolic structure on Figure–8 knot complement

I was trying to understand the proof of the fact that there is a hyperbolic structure on Figure–8 knot complement initially from Thurston's notes and then from some online notes; but unfortunately I ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

240 views

### Where is the exponential map a diffeomorphism?

Let $M$ be a closed compact Riemannian manifold.
The exponential map $\mathrm{exp}:TM\to M\times M$ takes $(p,v)$ to $(p,\gamma_v(1))$, where $\gamma_v$ is the geodesic flow at $p$ in the direction ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Upper bound of the waiting time of a sum process

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $x_1, \ldots, x_n \in (0,1)$ fix but arbitrary, s.t. $\sum_{i=1}^n x_i = 1$. Let $X_i \sim \operatorname{Unif}(\{x_1, \ldots, x_n\})$ i.i.d., and $T_n = \min\{t \in \mathbb{N} ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Fixed point property for intersection of spaces which are homeomorphic to a disk

The following question is question 9.8 from Miller's paper ``Some interesting problems
'':
Question Suppose $D_n$ a subset of the plane is homeomorphic to a disk and for every
$n\in \omega, ...

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votes

**0**answers

320 views

### Godel's second incompleteness theorem for non-r.e. theories

R. Jeroslow in this paper proves that a non-recursively enumerable theory whose set of theorems is $\Delta_2$-definable may prove consistency of itself
but it can not prove 2-consistency of itself.
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Idempotent relations on the unit square with closed graphs

A colleague and I are interested in idempotent relations from $I=[0,1]$ to $I$ - relations such that $R\circ R(x)=R(x)$ for all $x\in I$. Specifically, the graphs of the relations we care about must ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

184 views

### May's infinite loop machine for Friedlander's result for Adams conjecture

Eric M. Friedlander in the paper The infinite loop Adams conjecture via Classification Theorem for $\Gamma$-spaces proved the infinite loop Adams conjecture using techniques involved $\Gamma$-space.
...

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votes

**1**answer

426 views

### Vectorisation of a category

I have no experience with category theory at all, but I recently stumbled upon the following construction. Since it is extremely elementary and seems rather natural, it should be known, but I have not ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### Looking for Information on Local Degree of Maps on Homology Manifolds

By a homology $n$-manifold, we mean a topological space $X$ such that for all $x \in X$:
1: if $k \neq n$ then $H_k(X, X-x)=0$
2: $H_n(X,X-x) \cong \mathbb{Z}$.
Given homology $n$-manifolds $X$ and ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### On the independence of lower and upper asymptotic and Banach densities

Given a set $X \subseteq \mathbf N^+$, denote by $\mathsf{d}_\ast(X)$ and $\mathsf{d}^\ast(X)$, respectively, the lower and upper asymptotic (or natural) density of $X$, viz. $$\mathsf{d}_\ast(X) := ...

**1**

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**0**answers

147 views

### Reference request: Cohomology of Elliptic Curves

Is it true that the group
$$H^1(Gal(K^{ab}/K)/\mu_{\nu}(Gal(K_{\nu}^{ab}/K_{\nu})),E_{p^n})$$
is always p-divisible? Or are there any conditions which, when satisfied, guarantee its p-divisibility?
...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

419 views

### On a result attributed to W. Ljunggren and T. Nagell

I've read in a number of places that, building on previous work of T. Nagell, W. Ljunggren proved in 1 that the Diophantine equation
$$\frac{x^{n}-1}{x-1} = y^{2}$$
doesn't admit solutions in ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

734 views

### How to learn QFT from mathematical perspective?

I want to learn QFT, because I have heard of its applications in mathematics, I am not interested in scattering cross sections and such. Where can I start to learn? Only books I found are either way ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

250 views

### Sard's Theorem For Banach Spaces

Given a smooth map from $\phi: B \rightarrow M$ where $B$ is a Banach Space and $M$ is a finite dimensional smooth manifold (for example, the end point map for a control system), what is the strongest ...