This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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195 views

### Feynman integrals in algebraic geometry [closed]

In quantum field theory, multi-loop Feynman integrals are basic ingredients of calculating high order corrections. Recently, I have come across the paper A Feynman integral via higher normal ...

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69 views

### reference for Levelt-Turritin

Can anybody recommend a good reference to learn the Level-Turritin decomposition theorem of formal connections? An intuitive description of what it says would also be very appreciated.

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**1**answer

209 views

### Is each rationally chain connected surface rational?

Consider a 2-dimensional smooth projective algebraic surface S over complex numbers. Could you recommend any exact references to the proofs of the following assertions (of course, if they are true):
...

**6**

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**0**answers

213 views

### Silver's unpublished work on reverse Easton iteration

Silver was the first person who used the method of reverse Easton iterations in connection with large cardinals, and used it to force the failure of $GCH$ at some measurable cardinal.
At most papers ...

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**3**answers

250 views

### Does this property of a first-order structure imply categoricity?

Let $\mathfrak{A}$ be a first-order structure over a relational language and let $\kappa$ be an infinite cardinal. Lets say that $\mathfrak{A}$ has the $\kappa$-property if for every structure ...

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**0**answers

143 views

### Repeatedly changing queue behavior

I'm not sure if this question is suited to MO. I will happily delete if not.
Situation
Consider a general queueing system $\mathscr{S}$, whose customer arrival times are independent, and whose ...

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**0**answers

219 views

### Geometric meaning of the black hole horizon

It is widely accepted that the singularity of the Schwarzschild metric at the event horizon is purely an artifact of the coordinates and no physical singularity exists at the horizon. However, as ...

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**1**answer

116 views

### In a Simplicial group the Degenerate elements don't intersect the kernel of the face maps.

Let $G_{\bullet}$ be a simplical group. I denote by $D_n \subset G_n$ the subgroup generated by all the degeneracy maps $s_i:G_{n-1} \to G_n$.
I also denote $$M_n = \bigcap_{i>0} \mathrm{Ker} d_i ...

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**1**answer

252 views

### The topology of the classifying space of U(n)

In $\textit{Atiyah and Bott: The Yang-Mills equations over riemann surfaces}$, there is a sentence about the topology of BU(n) (i.e. the classifying space of U(n)):
Here $K(\mathbb{Z},n)$ means the ...

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**2**answers

310 views

### Aspheric functors and Grothendieck fibrations

Following Grothendieck, let us say that a category is aspheric if its nerve is weakly contractible and a functor $u : \mathcal{A} \to \mathcal{B}$ is aspheric if for every object $b$ in $\mathcal{B}$, ...

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**1**answer

142 views

### Optimal lower bounds for the sum of digits in base $b$

Let $b \geq 2$ be an integer and let $s_b(n)$ be the sum of the digits of the base-$b$ representation of the nonnegative integer $n$
(e.g., $s_{10}(726)=7+2+6$). From the weak law of large numbers, it ...

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104 views

### Exactness of the relative de Rham complex restricted to subschemes

I think that the statement below about relative de Rham complex is true (am I wrong?) If it is the case, a reference would be very helpful. (I admit that the statement sounds somewhat technical and ...

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**0**answers

118 views

### minimal energy of affine Lie algebra reps

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a simple Lie algebra.
Let $\widetilde{L\mathfrak g}$ be the universal central extension of $L\mathfrak g:=\mathfrak g[t,t^{-1}]$. Let $V_\lambda$ be a positive energy ...

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votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Proof of the Dunford-Pettis theorem

I would like to know where to find a complete proof of the Dunford-Pettis theorem:
A sequence $(f_n)_{n\geq 0} \subset L^1$ is uniformly integrable if and only if it is relatively compact for the weak ...

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**0**answers

135 views

### Homotopy type of a locally contractible compact

Does a locally contractible compact space have the homotopy type of a finite CW complex? (I think it probably does, but I need a reference anyway.)
EDIT: My intuition was wrong [to see why, read ...

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120 views

### convergence of $e^{it\Delta}f$

I heard of a conjecture that
$e^{it\Delta}f\rightarrow f$ a.e. as $t\rightarrow 0$ for $f\in H^{1/4+\epsilon}$
but couldn't find a proper reference.

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**0**answers

50 views

### Function Related to Jordan Curves

I am looking for a solution to the following problem:
given
a Jordan curve $c(s) = (x(s),y(s))$ with $\dot x(s)^2+\dot y(s)^2 = 1$ and $c(s+L)=c(s)\,$
an integrable function $g(s): c(s)\mapsto ...

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votes

**4**answers

478 views

### A metric space of geometric shapes

My research involves geometric shapes in $R^2$, and I need a metric with several properties such as:
Families of similar shapes, such as squares, are closed in this metric. Also more general ...

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votes

**0**answers

91 views

### What is the relation between the length of period of simple continued fraction expansion of quadratic algebraic numbers $\sqrt{A}$ and the integer $A$

What is the relation between the length of period of simple continued fraction expansion of quadratic algebraic numbers and the integer
As we know,$\sqrt{2} = [1;2,2,2,2,…]$; while $\sqrt{14}= ...

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votes

**1**answer

76 views

### Absolute irreducibility of a symmetric square?

This is a question I received today by email, which somebody more experienced with finite group representations can probably answer directly. Take $F:=\mathbb{F}_q$ for some prime power $q$, so ...

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**5**answers

1k views

### What arrangement of unit cubes minimizes surface area?

For each of these two questions, one can assume that the arrangements are polycubes (for which a definition can be found in the excerpt-image below).
Question A. How does one arrange $n$ unit cubes ...

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**0**answers

47 views

### Polynomials connected with Gale's condition and cyclic polytopes

I was reading about cyclic polytopes and (I think naturally) became interested in polynomials $f(X) \in \mathbb{R}[X]$ which have a factorization of the form $f(X)=g(X)g(X+1)$ for some $g(X) \in ...

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**0**answers

63 views

### reference help indecomposable representations of SL(2,R)

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the Lie algebra $\mathfrak{sl}_2(\mathbb{C})$, $K=SO(2)$ the maximal compact subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$. Then the classification of irreducible admissible ...

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**2**answers

319 views

### Twist in identification with singular cohomology

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb{Q}$ and $$V = H^m(X(\mathbb{C}), \mathbb{Q} \cdot (2\pi i)^r)$$ Then I've seen people write the comparison with complex cohomology (an isomorphism ...

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**1**answer

68 views

### Algorithm for Polynomial Reduction in a Quotient Ring

Any reference or suggestion for the following problem would be greatly appreciated.
I am working on the quotient ring $Q=R[X_1,\dots,X_n]/<f_1,\dots,f_k>$. Given polynomials $p$ and $q$ I want ...

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votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Lp estimate for resolvent of Laplace operator

Consider for $1<p<\infty$ operator $A_p:L_p(0,1)\to L_p(0,1), \ D(A_p)=\{u\in W^2_p(0,1): u'(0)=u'(1)=0\}, \ A_pu=u''$, i.e. $L_p$-realisation of the Laplace operator with Neumann bcd on the ...

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**0**answers

358 views

### Help with my research topic [closed]

I have a masters degree in mathematics and I'm currently a PHD student. Since the beginning of my studies (2 years ago) I haven't progressed and still don't have a research topic. I was a very good ...

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votes

**0**answers

45 views

### How to prove that all smooth vector bundles on a given vector bundle are the pull back of a vector bundle on the base [migrated]

Recently, during a conversation, I heard about the result (previously mentioned also here on MO), whose statement is reported below. Not having the specific background necessary to reconstruct a proof ...

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votes

**3**answers

106 views

### Basic Questions about Radon Transforms

I am currently working on a problem that may be interpreted as recovering an unknown function from its Radon transform.
Unfortunately I don't have any background in Radon transform, but need to ...

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**1**answer

288 views

### What is the current state of the crystalline analogue of the Weil conjectures?

In "F-isocrystals on open varieties results and conjectures" Faltings says:
"Finally, we extend the theory of weights and show as much as possible of the crystalline analogue of the Weil ...

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votes

**1**answer

260 views

### Morava $K(n)$'s are not $E_{\infty}$

I am looking for a reference/proof that shows that the Morava $K$-theory spectra, $K(n)$ are not $E_{\infty}$ ring spectra. I suspect that this should be a calculation but I can't quite get it right.
...

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**0**answers

23 views

### Proof that $G(3)\le 7$ [migrated]

Let $G(k)$ be the minimal $n$ s.t. every sufficiently large integer is the sum of $n$ nonnegative $k$th powers.
Does anybody know where I can find Vaughan's proof that $G(3)\le 7$? I can't find a ...

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votes

**1**answer

49 views

### A possible minimal aperiodic set of corner Wang Tile

From one of my previous question Aperiodic set of corner Wang Tile (although it is put on hold), I realize there is a systematic way to construct aperiodic corner type of Wang tile from edge type ...

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**2**answers

272 views

### Behavior of the spectrum of the Laplacian under pointed smooth convergence

The Laplacian on a compact Riemannian manifold has a discrete spectrum. For example on a circle of perimeter $L$ the $n$-th eigenvalue starting at $0$ is $-\lambda_n = -(2\pi/L)^2 n^2$.
On the other ...

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**2**answers

142 views

### Plucker embedding and tautological/universal quotient bundle

Let $G$ be a Grassmannian and $Q$ the tautological/universal quotient bundle of $G$. As far as I understand, the associated tautological quotient line bundle for the Plucker embedding of the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

59 views

### Reference for Elliptic PDE on $\mathbb{R}^d$

Could anyone suggest a textbook, article, or lecture notes that covers elliptic PDE theory (existence, uniqueness, regularity) on all of $\mathbb{R}^d$, as opposed to the Dirichlet or Neumann problem ...

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votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Superelliptic Curves [duplicate]

I'm trying to find information on superelliptic curves and how to solve them over the integers. The equation is $$y^k = f(x)$$ where $k=3$ and $f$ has degree $d=3$. Does anyone know any ...

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**0**answers

112 views

### Reference on calculation of 2nd cohomology group

Let $G$ be a finitely generated, infinite, countable discrete nonamenable group with zero first Betti number, I.e., $H^1(G, \ell^2(G))=0$, e.g., $G=F_2\times F_2$, the product of free groups of two ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### An identity for elementary symmetric functions

Trying to understand a result in a representation theoretical paper, I realized that it implies the following elementary identity for symmetric functions. My question is whether this identity is true, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Hilbert scheme of a closed subscheme

Let $X$ be a complex algebraic variety. Its Hilbert scheme represents the functor $G$ from schemes to sets given by $$G(S)=\{Z\subset X\times S|\, Z \mbox{ is a closed subscheme, flat and proper over ...

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**0**answers

96 views

### Collatz property implying infinite “fall below” trajectories, is it known?

(this was discovered analyzing Collatz empirically.)
a key aspect of resolving Collatz involves looking at the number of iterations for trajectories to "fall below" the initial value.
consider ...

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**1**answer

221 views

### Deformations of holomorphic/algebraic vector bundles over $\mathbb{P}^3$

I would like to know what can be said about (global) deformations of holomorphic/algebraic rank two vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^3$. I am particularly interested in the case of topologically trivial ...

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**1**answer

111 views

### Hilbert scheme of an infinitesimal neighborhood of a subvariety

Let $X$ be a complex algebraic variety. Let $C\subset X$ be a compact (reduced) subvariety. Let $C^{(n)}$ denote the $n$th infinitesimal neighborhood of $C$ inside $X$. Let $Hilb(X)$ denote the ...

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**1**answer

74 views

### Minimum of Random Energy Model (REM) with logarithmically correlated potential

In the paper [FB] (ArXiv, J. Phys. A), the authors analyse a particular Random Energy Model (REM) with logarithmically correlated potential and conjecture in Eq. (2) that the distribution function of ...

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**0**answers

23 views

### Uniqueness of Newton (modulo a constant) series on a compact set

Good morning everybody. My question is as follows:
Let $K$ be a compact subset of $\mathbb R$ and let $v\in C^\infty(K)$.
Consider the finite difference operator $\Delta v(x)\doteq v(x+1)-v(x)$. It ...

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votes

**2**answers

117 views

### Caratheodory equations

Ok, I am reading Fillipov book on discontinuous right hand side differential equations (the red book).
He states the next lemma:
"
Let the function $f(t,x)$ satisfy the Caratheodory conditions and ...

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**0**answers

56 views

### coxeter element of a reflection group (reference request)

I am reading reflection groups and coxeter groups book by Humphreys. now I want to learn more about "coxeter element" of a reflection group. Can any body suggests me some good books to read more about ...

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**1**answer

127 views

### Is the absolute of a compact space the projective limit of the Stone-Čech compactifications of its open dense subsets?

Is the following statement true, and if it is, does someone have a reference?
Let $X$ be a compact (i.e., compact and Hausdorff) topological space. Then the Gleason space (=Iliadis absolute, ...

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**2**answers

229 views

### Cohomology of the toric variety $X_\Sigma=\mathbb C^2\sqcup \mathbb C^2\big/\left((x,y)_1\sim(x^{-1},y^{-1})_2\right)_{x,y\neq 0}$

I'm writing a thesis on Chow rings of toric varieties and am looking for a reference on the singular cohomology ring of the blowup of $\mathbb C^2$ at xy=0, i.e. at the coordinate axes. The ...

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**0**answers

73 views

### Action of the (special) orthogonal group on differential forms

I was told that the following facts are true. I am looking for a reference to them.
1) The action of $O(n,\mathbb{C})$ on $\wedge^l\mathbb{C}^n$ is irreducible for any $l$.
2) The action of ...