This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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Existence of the solution of a Dirichlet type differential equation

I'm reading the first chapter of the book A geometric approach to free boundary problems by Caffarelli and Salsa, see the PDF here. The question came from Page 14—15. Let me state my question: ...
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1answer
126 views

Noncommutative analogs of classical Banach geometric properties

The scale of Schatten-von Neumann classes is noncommutatitve analog of classical $\ell_p$-spaces. A lot of researchers devoted their lives to study Banach geometric structure of these spaces. ...
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91 views

Reference request: using integral equations to study asymptotics of ODEs

I was told by my supervisor that one way to study the asymptotic behaviour of solutions to ODEs is "to reformulate them as integral equations, and use fixed-point kind theorems on the resulting ...
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401 views

Commutative algebra books representing the edge of research

Recently I have come across the books Combinatorial Commutative Algebra by Miller and Sturmfels along with Combinatorics and Commutative Algebra by Stanley. I will soon own a copy of each. I also ...
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1answer
211 views

reference request: direct product of WOT-continuous unitary representations

In an article I'm revising, I spend some time giving a self-contained proof of the following result Let $G$ be a (Hausdorff) topological group and let $(\pi_i)$ be a family of unitary ...
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1answer
125 views

Gradient of Probability Distribution

Given a random walk on a lattice $L$ (not necessarily centered - we allow $E[X_i] \neq 0$ for the i.i.d. increments $X_i$), let $p_t(x)$ denote the probability measure of state $x \in L$ after $t$ ...
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1answer
156 views

The first Betti number of a finite covering space of a closed 3-manifold

Let $\tilde{M}\to M$ be a finite covering of closed 3-manifolds. Is it possible that $\beta_1(\tilde{M})-1> [\pi_1(M):\pi_1(\tilde{M})](\beta_1(M)-1)>0$? Here, ...
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266 views

A question related to Woodin's $HOD$ conjecture

Recall that an $\kappa$ is $\omega$-strongly measurable in $\text{HOD}$ if there exists $\lambda < \kappa$ such that $(2^{\lambda})^{\text{HOD}} < \kappa$ and such that there is no partition of ...
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90 views

Linear vs smooth actions of finite groups on spheres, euclidean spaces and closed disks

I would like to know examples (with references, if possible) of the following: (1) a finite group $G$ acting effectively and smoothly on a sphere $S^n$ (any $n$) but admitting no effective linear ...
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1answer
115 views

Maximal $\pi/2$-separated subset of the sphere

A subset $A$ of a metric space is called $\varepsilon$-separated if $$dist(x,y)> \varepsilon \mbox{ for all } x\ne y\in A.$$ (Notice that the inequality in my definition is strict.) What is the ...
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1answer
87 views

Enumerator Polynomials for Linear Anytime Codes

Let $C = \{c \in \mathbb{F}^n_2 : Hc=0\}$ be a binary linear code where $H \in \mathbb{F}^{k \times n}_2$ is a block lower-triangular matrix of full rank called the parity-check matrix of $C$. Clearly ...
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1answer
123 views

How to construct the symmetric power function from a modular form?

I want to understand how we construct from a modular form $f$ its symmetric power function $Sym^rf.$ I read that there is a particular representation that does this but I am not familiar with this ...
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268 views

References on quaternionic geometry

Is there any analog, in the quaternionic setting, of Kahler potentials? In particular I'm interested in a similar construction of the Fubini-Study 2-form on $\mathbb{P}^1(\mathbb{C})$ over the ...
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1answer
78 views

A proof of the Ibragimov et al. commutation relation

Let $u_a(x),\,a=1,2,\ldots n$ be a $n$-component field in Minkowski spacetime $x^\mu,\,\mu=0,1,2,3$ and let $u_{a,\,\mu}=\frac{du_a}{dx^\mu}$. Let us introduce two operators (we use Einstein ...
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84 views

types of generating functions (ordinary, exponential, ???) closed under substitution

A nice feature of ordinary and exponential generating functions is that they are closed under substitution: if $F(z)$ and $G(z)$ both have integer coefficients, then $F(G(z))$ also has integer ...
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47 views

Possible values of eigenvalues of Hadamard product of Hermitian matrices

One of the most important (and very well-known) result in the study of the spectrum of Hermitian matrices is Horn's conjecture (or theorem?), which provides a complete answer to the following problem: ...
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146 views

Completion under weighted limits/colimits

Is there any further reference besides "Basic Concepts of Enriched Categories" (Kelly) for completion under T-(weighted) limits/colimits? (in which T is a set of weights) Thank you in advance
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198 views

Propositional logic without negation

As part of a bigger project I am researching a propositional logic, without a negation. And I would like to know, whether this already exists, to avoid double work and have proper references. In this ...
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1answer
115 views

Regularity of maps in algebraic topology for manifolds

Let $M$ be a $n$ manifold such that $\pi_k(M)$ is non trivial. What can we expect about the regularity of a representant $f:S^k\rightarrow M$ of a non-trivial cycle? For example, if $M$ is a manifold ...
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245 views

Is there a well-known tautological bundle over $\mathbb{P}(\Lambda^nV)$?

Let $V$ be a vector space of dimension $>n$, and define the subset $$ K:=\{ ([\omega],v)\mid v\wedge\omega=0 \}\subset\mathbb{P}(\Lambda^nV)\times V\, . $$ Denote also by $\pi:K\longrightarrow ...
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2answers
133 views

Composition operators on fractional-order (periodic) Sobolev spaces

(The question was originally posted on MSE.) Preliminaries: We know that the fractional-order Sobolev spaces $\mathrm{H}^s(\mathbb{R})$ and $\mathrm{H}^s(\mathbb{T})$ are closed under multiplication ...
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1answer
389 views

Why is the set-theoretic principle $\diamondsuit$ called $\diamondsuit$?

A shallow answer would just point to theorem 6.2 in Jensen's 1972 paper "The fine structure of the constructible hierarchy", where Jensen introduces this property. Or was this symbol used already ...
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39 views

Monotonic convergence of Newton's method for boundary value problems

I’m interested in solving nonlinear elliptic boundary value problems of the type $$ -a\Delta u + f(u) = 0, $$ $$ u|_\Gamma = u_0 $$ by Newton’s method when its convergence is global and monotonic. ...
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1answer
83 views

Resource Constrained Routing with Refueling

What are good algorithms (resp. models) for calculating optimal or near optimal routes while taking into account fuel consumption, options for refueling and, limited tank capacity? Especially modeling ...
3
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1answer
180 views

Kashiwara's watermelon theorem and Microlocal version of Helgason's (support) and Holmgren's theorems

I would like to find good references for the theorems mentioned above in the title. I am reading chapter VIII of Hörmander's classic, but I wonder whether there is something more up-to-date. My ...
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53 views

Reference request concerning PL tangent Stiefel-Whitney classes

I am hoping for a reference for the fact that PL manifolds have tangent Stiefel-Whitney classes. I understand this as follows: they have tangent microbundles, which in turn lead to spherical ...
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114 views

Newer list of open problems in model theory

In the book Model Theory by C. C. Chang and H. J. Keisler, there is a list of open problems in model theory. More exactly, this list is called "Open problems in classical model theory" (on page 597, ...
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1answer
58 views

A bound on the $\mathrm{L}^p$ norm in terms of the $\mathrm{L}^2$ norm in periodic Sobolev spaces

(The question was originally posted on Math StackExchange.) Preliminaries: Given ${s \geq 0}$, let ${\mathrm{H}_P^s}$ denote the ${\mathrm{L}^2}$-based fractional-order Sobolev space of ...
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1answer
166 views

References for Forcing with Side Conditions

I'm looking for some good references about Forcing with Side Conditions, including expository papers that explain the main ideas with some details in order to give me a fairly clear insight of those ...
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1answer
262 views

Can one define “Ramanujan Summation” over algebraic number fields?

With some trepidation, I ask to "evaluate" badly divergent sums. Generalizing $\sum n = -\tfrac{1}{12}$ what would be the value of this sum over $\mathbb{Z}[i]$? $$\sum_{m,n \geq 0} (m+in) ...
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1answer
170 views

Does the Laplacian commutes with elements of the basis of the Lie algebra?

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. I know that if $g$ is semi-simple then the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $G$ agrees with the Casimir element and therefore commutes with ...
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1answer
95 views

On the upper Banach density of the set of positive integers whose base-$b$ representation misses at least one prescribed digit

Let $b$ be a fixed integer $\ge 2$ and $A$ a proper subset of $\{0, \ldots, b-1\}$. Then define $X$ to be the set of all positive integers whose base-$b$ representation consists only of digits from ...
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1answer
272 views

Who was/were the first to note that if $\sum_{x \in X} \frac{1}{x} < \infty$ then the natural density of $X$ is zero?

It is a result from additive-theory folklore that the natural density of a set $X$ of positive integers such that $\sum_{x \in X} \frac{1}{x} < \infty$ is zero. This is reproved, e.g., in T. ...
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1answer
116 views

Geometric interpretation of Chern classes over flag manifolds

I would like to find that Chern classes of the tautological bundles over a flag manifold are dual to some cells in homology, analogously to what happens for the Grassmanian case. I have not been able ...
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1answer
218 views

Künneth formula for Bredon cohomology theory

Let $G$ be a finite group. Let $X$ and $Y$ be two $G$-CW complexes with known integer graded $G$-equivariant Bredon cohomology with constant coefficient systems. Is there any Künneth formula for this ...
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40 views

Differentiation of $(u(t),v(t))_{L^2(\Omega)}$ when $u, v \in H^1(I\times \Omega)$

Let $I=(0,\infty)$. Consider $u, v \in L^2(I;H^1(\Omega))$ with $u_t, v_t \in L^2(I;L^2(\Omega))$ where $\Omega$ is a bounded doamin. Is it true that $$\frac{d}{dt}(u(t),v(t))_{L^2(\Omega)} = (u'(t), ...
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1answer
112 views

Injectivity of the Funk transform for nonsmooth functions

Let $S^{n-1}$ be the unit sphere in $\mathbb R^n$ and $\Gamma_n$ the collection of great circles on it. Assume $n\geq3$. The Funk transform of a function $f:S^{n-1}\to\mathbb R$ is a map ...
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181 views

Concrete examples of covering from the 3-torus to the 3-sphere

There is a two-fold branched covering from 2-torus to the 2-sphere, $T^2 \rightarrow S^2$, whose covering transformation group is generated by the map $x \mapsto -x$ (Note that $T^2$ is an abelian ...
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502 views

Your favorite papers on geometric group theory

I would like to improve my culture on geometric group theory, so I am interested in short and accessible papers on subjects related to this field but which are not always available in the classical ...
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47 views

Antichains in subgroups up to group automorphism

A family of subgroups of a group G will denote a nonempty collection of subgroups closed under conjugation and further passing to subgroups. In a Noetherian group (any ascending chain of subgroups ...
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42 views

Maximum cardinality general factor of a graph

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$ and a set of integers $B(v)$ associated to each vertex, a general factor of $G$ is a set of edges $F\subseteq E$ such that the degree of each vertex $v\in V$ in the graph $(V, ...
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1answer
198 views

Well-ordered reference

I'm wondering if there is a standard reference for the following straightforward facts about well-orderings. (They are quite easy to prove, I just need a handy/standard reference.) Let $(S,<)$ ...
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1answer
130 views

Infinite-dimensional admissible representations of SL(2,C)

I'm working in my research with the infinite dimensional (admissible) irreducible representations of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$ introduced by Harish-Chandra in his paper "Infinite Irreducible ...
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62 views

Reduced products of (abelian and triangulated) categories: references?

For a filter $U$ on a set $X$ and for a family of categories $C_x$ indexed by $X$ I would like to consider the (corresponding categorical version of) reduced product of $C_x$ (for $x\in X$) with ...
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32 views

Nemytskii/superposition operator without separability of Banach space?

Let $T:[0,1] \times X \to \mathbb{R}$ be a nonlinear map where $X$ is a Banach space. Suppose that $T$ is a Caratheodory map, so that $t \mapsto F(t,x)$ is measurable and $x \mapsto F(t,x)$ is ...
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114 views

Riemann-Roch formula for nodal curves

Let $X$ be an irreducible, reduced, projective curve over an algebraically closed field, with at worst nodes as singularities. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a trivial vector bundle on $X$ of rank $r$. Consider ...
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79 views

How to solve $\sqrt{-1}\partial\bar{\partial}u=\omega$

I'm looking for references on the study of the equation $\sqrt{-1}\partial\bar{\partial}u=\omega$,especially when $\omega$ is a k\"ahler metric on $\Omega\setminus S$,where $\Omega\subset ...
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43 views

Elementary bound on operator norm on symmetric tensors: reference request

My education didn't really cover Tensors very well, so I'm getting stumped by a quite elementary question. Let $T_k$ be a type k symmetric tensor. We can define the "operator norm" (or the induced ...
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79 views

Bound of Chebyshev function and zeros of zeta function

It is an elementary argument (such as in Multiplicative Number Theory, section 18) that, if the Chebyshev's function $f(x) = \sum_{n \le x} \Lambda(x) = x + O(x^\alpha)$ for some $\alpha < 1$, then ...
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1answer
94 views

Irreducible unitary representations of semidirect groups of a discrete abelian group by a discrete group

Recently in a paper we get the following result: Let a discrete group $\Gamma$ act on a discrete abelian group $G$ by group automorphisms. Every irreducible unitary representation $\pi$ of ...