This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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42 views

### Proof that Markov shift is pointwise dual ergodic

I am looking for a reference of the proof that a Markov shift is pointwise dual ergodic, I tried google it but with no success.

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35 views

### Local time for drifted Brownian motion and comparison results for reflected diffusion

Suppose $X(t) = x+ \mu t + \sigma W(t)$ where $x\ge 0$, $\mu, \sigma>0$ are real constants, and $W$ is a standard Brownian motion. The Skorohod decomposition of $X(t)$ can be written as $Z(t) = ...

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**2**answers

154 views

### Formal languages with non-unique interpretations of terms

In mathematical logic and model theory, one considers interpretations of syntactic expressions: terms without free variables are interpreted as elements of some structure, formulas without free ...

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vote

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31 views

### Introduction to free boundary problems (that are not Stefan problems)

Could someone recommend some notes/papers that deal with existence/regularity of free boundary problems arising from parabolic equations (excluding Stefan type equations)?
I am thinking of eg. ...

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votes

**1**answer

234 views

### Euler's Triangular Number closure properties

Burton, in "Elementary Number Theory", states that the following problems are due to Euler 1775:
If $n$ is a triangular number, then so are $9n+1$, $25n+3$ and $49n + 6$.
R. F. Jordan in the J. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

91 views

### Characterization of $d$-gonal curves on a K3 surface

Let $X$ be a K3 surface and $C$ a curve on $X$. We say that $C$ is $d$-gonal if it admits a pencil of degree $d$ (and none of smaller degree).
I am wondering if there exist characterizations of ...

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**0**answers

74 views

### Evolution of local oscillation of scalar curvature under Ricci flow

I apologize in advance if the question will turn out to have an obvious answer but my knowledge of Ricci flow is quite limited. Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth compact Riemannian manifold. I denote by $d_{g}$ ...

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160 views

### Connected unipotent algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a connected unipotent algebraic (affine) group defined over a perfect field $k$. Then $G$ is $k$-isomorphic as an algebraic $k$-variety to the affine space $\mathbb A^n_k$.
Is there any ...

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53 views

### Lorenz attractor power spectrum

If considered Lorenz attractor (with classical parameters $\sigma = 10, b = \frac{8}{3},r>25$), it is often noted, that while the spectral density (Fourier transformation of corresponding ...

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38 views

### Conjugacy classes of a triple

In the paper " THE COMPONENT GROUPS OF NILPOTENTS IN EXCEPTIONAL SIMPLE REAL LIE ALGEBRAS" by D. King I am unable to proof the lemma 3.7 which is omitted there.
The lemma is following:
Let $\mathfrak ...

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votes

**1**answer

105 views

### PDEs on torus $\mathbb T$

(Hope this question is o.k. for MO)
I have been learning PDE(non linear dispersive equations) techniques, mainly using harmonic analysis(kind of Strichartz estimates, estimates for unimodular ...

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vote

**1**answer

106 views

### Request a paper by Fred Cohen

I am looking for the following paper by Cohen, F. R.:
On combinatorial group theory in homotopy. Homotopy theory and its
applications (Cocoyoc, 1993), 57–63, Contemp. Math., 188, Amer. Math.
...

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votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Lucasian Primality Criterion for Specific Class of $k \cdot 2^n-1$

Definition
Let $P_m(x)=2^{-m}\cdot \left(\left(x-\sqrt{x^2-4}\right)^{m}+\left(x+\sqrt{x^2-4}\right)^{m}\right)$ , where $m$ and $x$ are nonnegative integers .
Conjecture
Let $N=k\cdot 2^n-1$ such ...

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votes

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132 views

### Singular cohomology of $BG$ and Borel cohomology of $G$

Stasheff, in "Continuous Cohomology of Groups and Classifying Spaces", attributes the following result to Wigner.
For $A$ a discrete abelian group and $G$ a finite dimensional locally compact, ...

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**0**answers

68 views

### Equidimensionality of stalks of $\operatorname{Proj} S$ when $S$ is equidimensional.

I would like to know a reference of the following statement (or counter example).
Let $S$ be a (commutative) Noetherian standard graded ring over a local ring, i.e., $S = S_0[S_1]$, where $S_0$ is ...

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votes

**2**answers

266 views

### Geometrical interpretation of a Schrödinger operator

Consider a $2 \times 2$ Hermitian (or symmetric) matrix-valued function
$$g(x) = \{ g_{jk}(x)\}_{j,k=1,2}, \quad x \in \mathbb{R}^{2},$$
such that $0 < m_{-}I \leq g(x) \leq m_{+}I$, for some ...

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votes

**2**answers

611 views

### History of integral notation for coends

I'm searching the wheres and whys about the integral notation for co/ends. Who was the first to adopt it? Can you give me a precise pointer or tell me the whole story about it? Was s/he motivated by ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Solution to system of polynomial equations

Suppose $A$ is a set of polynomials:$$P_1(x,y_1,\dots,y_n)=0,$$
$$P_2(x,y_1,\dots,y_n)=0,$$
$$\vdots$$
$$P_k(x,y_1,\dots,y_n)=0$$
is a system of equations with coefficients over $\mathbb{Z}$, and ...

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vote

**0**answers

129 views

### Sets of coprime numbers

Consider the set $\{0, 3, 7, 15\}$ of four integers. If you add each of these numbers to a fixed power of 2, then the resulting four numbers are pairwise coprime. For example, $\{4, 7, 11, 19\}$ are ...

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**1**answer

117 views

### Equivalence of two definitions of Sobolev spaces

Good morning,
I am looking for a reference about the following fact that seems to be folklore. Define the Sobolev (Beppo Levi?) space
$$
D^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^N) = \left\{ u \in L^{p^*}(\mathbb{R}^N) ...

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vote

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100 views

### Automorphism group of a modular curve and its action on the set of cusps

Let $X$ be a modular curve, that is the compact Riemann surface obtained by adding cusps to a quotient $Y=Y_\Gamma=\mathbb H/\Gamma$ of Poincaré upper half-plane $\mathbb H$ by a congruence subgroup ...

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**1**answer

92 views

### Action of the pure braid group on the commutator subgroup of a free group

Let $P=P_n$ be the pure braid group on $n$ strands and $F=F_n$ the free group on $n$ generators. I'm interested in a nice description of the action of $P$ on the derived subgroup $F'$ which somehow ...

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votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Maps between spaces of non-empty compact subsets with the Hausdorff distance (reference request)

Let $X, Y$ be metric spaces, and let $PX$ (resp. $PY$) be the set of all non-empty compact subsets of $X$ (resp. $Y$) with the Hausdorff metric. A continuous map $f\colon X\to Y$ induces a continuous ...

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**0**answers

78 views

### Defining density of a random function using Radon-Nikodym Theorem

Let $(\Omega,\mathbb{F},P)$ be a probability space and $E$ be an infinite dimensional Banach space and $\mathbb{B}$ be the $\sigma$-algebra of Borel subset of $E$.
Let $X$ be random function defined ...

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votes

**1**answer

169 views

### References to proofs of upper and lower bounds on the number of coprimes in an interval?

On the first page of the article "When the sieve works", the authors present upper and lower bounds for $S(T,T+x;\mathcal{E})$; the number of integers in the interval $(T,T+x]$ that are coprime to all ...

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votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Does this function have any exponential growth?

Has anyone seen any function of the following type?
$$
g(x):=\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}\exp\left(-\frac{a^n}{x}\right),\quad a>1,x\ge 0.
$$
The question is whether for some constant ...

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votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Axiomatization of Degree Theory

I am reading Ruiz's Mapping Degree Theory, and find an axiomatization of degree theory of $\mathbb R^n$ in P38. It says that there exists a unique map $d(f,D,y)\in\mathbb Z$ satisfies
Normality
...

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108 views

### Proper monomorphisms in complex analytic spaces

In the algebraic geometry of schemes, we know that monomorphisms which are universally closed (= every pullback is a closed map) and of finite type are closed immersions. See Gortz, Wedhorn "Algebraic ...

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43 views

### Reference for a special case of the Hanson-Wright inequality

I would like find tail bounds for the expression
$$
\begin{align*}
\left|\left\langle a,\phi\right\rangle \left\langle \phi,b\right\rangle -\left\langle a,b\right\rangle\right|,
\end{align*}
$$
where ...

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votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Decidable theorem or result that is not weaker than Tarski's theorem

I am wondering what other decidable theorem or results that is not weaker or stronger than Tarski's theorem.
Could any one give reference or a simple introduction about such result known in their ...

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**0**answers

186 views

### Etale Slice Theorem

I found the Luna's Slice Theorem very Technical. It will be helpful if someone illustrates the geometry involved in the theorem. Also why this theorem so useful?
This is Luna's Slice theorem from a ...

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**0**answers

61 views

### Kontsevich integral for 2-bridge knots

Are there any articles that explain a formula for Kontsevich integral of 2-bridge knots?

**8**

votes

**3**answers

285 views

### Reference for a strong intermediate value theorem for measures

Let $\mu$ be a finite nonatomic measure on a measurable space $(X,\Sigma)$, and for simplicity assume that $\mu(X) = 1$. There is a well-known "intermediate value theorem" of Sierpiński that states ...

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votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Nuclearity noncommutative torus

I read that the Noncommutative torus (rotation algebra) is nuclear when $\theta\in\mathbb{R}\setminus\mathbb{Q}$. Unfortunately, I haven't found a proof. Could someone give me a reference and/or an ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Stability conditions of coherent sheaves on abelian 3-folds

My work for now consists on understanding stability conditions of coherent sheaves on abelian 3-folds. I have the book by D. Huybrechts (the geometry of moduli spaces of sheaves), But I would like to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Determinant of the oriented adjacency matrix of a tree

Let $(V,E)$ be a finite oriented directed graph, with vertices and edges ordered, and $M$ the $|V|\times |E|$ matrix with entries
$$ m_{ve} = \begin{cases} 1 &\text{if $e$ points at $v$}\\
-1 ...

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votes

**3**answers

567 views

### Koebe–Andreev–Thurston theorem - where can I find a proof?

Koebe–Andreev–Thurston theorem (known also as the circle packing theorem) says that any planar graph can be realized by a set of (interior-) disjoint disks corresponding to vertices, such that two ...

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63 views

### What is the computational complexity to compute the integral numerically?

Given $$\int_{\Delta}\frac{P_1(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)}{P_2(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)}$$ where $P_i$ is polynomial(that is $P_1(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n), P_2(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)$ are polynomial) whose coefficients are ...

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votes

**1**answer

128 views

### A perfect $(n,k)$ shuffle function

Suppose you have a deck of $n$ cards; e.g., $n{=}12$:
$$
(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12) \;.
$$
Cut the deck into $k$ equal-sized pieces, where $k|n$;
e.g., for $k{=}4$, the $12$ cards are partitioned ...

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**0**answers

84 views

### $A_\infty$ structure on sum of twists of structure sheaf

Fix $n$ and let $P^n$ be projective $n$-space. Let $S = k[x_0, \dots, x_n]$. Set $A^0 = \bigoplus_{d \ge 0} H^0(P^n, \mathcal{O}(d))$ and $A^n = \bigoplus_{d < -n} H^n(P^n, \mathcal{O}(d))$.
I ...

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**2**answers

251 views

### Powers of finite simple groups

I have heard about the following result: for each finite simple non-abelian group $S$ and each natural number $r\ge 2$ there exists a number $n=n(r,S)$ such that the power $S^n$ is $r$-generator but ...

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**2**answers

260 views

### Notion of manifold curvature?

Consider a particular embedding of a $C^2$ manifold $\mathcal{M}\subseteq\mathbb{R}^m$. Given $p\in\mathcal{M}$, suppose $\epsilon>0$ is small enough that the portion $U$ of $\mathcal{M}$ which is ...

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**1**answer

60 views

### Calculating the “Belvedere Hull” of a Simple Planar Polygon

As an informal motivation the problem, imagine a tower with polygonal footprint, that is located in a beautiful landscape, the "Belvedere Hull" is then related to the directions, in which one would ...

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**1**answer

116 views

### Systems of equations in Boolean Algebra

I have to study systems of equations in a Boolean algebra, the matrix is $m\times n$ with $m\neq n$. The Boolean algebra is actually the simplest one, it contains only $0$ and $1$, let us denote it by ...

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**1**answer

706 views

### Von Neumann's consistency proof

In the paper Zur Hilbertschen Beweistheorie, John Von Neumann has proposed a consistency proof for
a fragment of first-order arithmetic (the fragment without induction and with
the successor axioms ...

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**1**answer

84 views

### Piercing of subspaces in a projective space?

The "piercing subspace" problem may be stated as follows:
There are given several subspaces in a projective space, rather non-intersecting.
Find an additional subspace of a prescribed dimension that ...

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votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Picard of the product of two curves

Can anyone point to me where I can find the proof that the Picard group of the product of two curves is isomorphic to the product of the Picard groups times the hom among the Jacobians?
Does the ...

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**1**answer

193 views

### amenable + without $BS(m,n)$+finite $K(G,1)$implies virtually cyclic?

I heard from someone that the following problem is an open question.
(Open Problem 1)For a countable discrete group $G$, suppose it does not contain any Baumslag-Solitar subgroups $BS(m,n):=\langle ...

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**1**answer

292 views

### fixed point and homotopy fixed points

Let $G$ be a group and $X$ be a $G$-space (finite G-CW-complexe when needed).
Let $p$ a prime number and $G= \mathbf{Z}/p\mathbf{Z}$,
If I'm not wrong Miller-Lannes,... theory provides tools and ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### What does an endomorphism in a triangulated category give rise to?

Let $D\xrightarrow[]\varphi D\xrightarrow[]kE\xrightarrow[]j\Sigma D$ be an exact triangle in a triangulated category. I am trying to figure out what structure emerges from this on the base of the ...