This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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5
votes
1answer
354 views

Harmonic Crystal using Random Walk

Me and my advisor were looking for a specific proof of the disorder in $2d$ harmonic crystals. We could not find a paper or a textbook with it, so I thought trying my luck here. Basically, it is a ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

Weyl group of a symmetric space

Let $G/K$ be a symmetric space of a non-compact type, i.e. $G$ is a semi-simple connected Lie group, and $K$ is its maximal compact subgroup. Helgason in his book "Differential geometry and symmetric ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

How does perturbation method guarantee its solution for the perturbed pde $\Delta u + \epsilon u^2 =0$

[This may not be a research-level question; if it violates any term of this website, I will delete it right away] My question is quite simple: Suppose we are given a PDE of with a boundary condition ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Proper Model Category

Let R be a commuative ring. Consider the category of simplicial R-modules with the projective model stucture. Can someone give me a precise reference which proves that this model category is proper? ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Sufficient and necessary condition for BIBO stability

I am looking for a reference for the proof of the next claim: "BIBO—bounded input bounded output—stability. We claim that a necessary and sufficient condition for a system described by a linear, ...
2
votes
0answers
110 views

Unitary dual of $Sp_4(\mathbb{R})$

Do we know the unitary dual of $Sp_4(\mathbb{R})$? If so, can someone provide me any references? How about other rank 2 real groups? Thank you!
3
votes
1answer
166 views

Obtaining non-normal varieties by pushout

In his answer to this MO question, Karl Schwede claimed that every non-normal variety can be obtained by an appropriate pushout diagram, as sketched in that answer. This would give substance to the ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Reference request: Wasserstein metric spaces for non linear weights/mobility?

There is a very nice theory of gradient flows in metric spaces by Ambrosio, Gigli and Savaré. One particularly important application is the quadratic Wasserstein setting, where the metric space in ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

SVD of Frechet derivative

This is mainly a reference request. Is there a particular characterization of operators A from a Hilbert space H to itself such that the Frechet derivative A'(u) exists for each $u \in H$ and for any ...
6
votes
4answers
174 views

Inside-out polygonal dissections

A dissection of a polygon $P$ is a partition of $P$ into a finite number of pieces, which can then be rearranged (via planar translations and rotations) and joined (without overlap) to form a new ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

Aronszajn measure

In a geometric measure theory (GMT) course I'm following this year, the professor told us about the Aronszajn measure, and asked us to go check by ourselves what it reprensents (the course was about ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Reference for a proof of a projective representation of $A_6$

This question is copied from math.stackexchange, in hope that it might get some attension. I want to understand the proof of There is a projective representation of $A_6 \hookrightarrow ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

The link and equivalence between variant definition of computation model and computational complexity over reals

To unify the numerical computation and classic computability theory, or to pave a foundation for the numerical computation, mathematicians present variant computation model and computational ...
10
votes
3answers
419 views

Natural associative law for a ternary “group”?

Suppose one were to define a group-like structure based on a set $G$ with a ternary (rather than binary) operator $g( a, b, c ) = \left< a, b, c \right>$. One possible definition for the ...
2
votes
3answers
372 views

Lucido's three prime lemma

Let G be a finite solvable group. If p,q,r are distinct primes dividing |G|, then G contains an element of order the product of two of these three primes. This is lucido's three prime lemma. I ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Literature on the notion of combining two discrete stationary processes with the latter process slowed down

Is there any literature about the following way of combining two stationary processes? Let $X_1, X_2, \dots$ be a discrete-time stationary process. Let $A$ be a subset in its sample space. Let ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Associated graded Lie algebra of braid groups

Let $G$ be a group and let $\Gamma_G(k)$ be the $k$th term of the lower central series of $G$. For each $k\geq 1$, set $\mathcal{L}_G(k)=\Gamma_G(k)/\Gamma_G(k+1)$ and ...
24
votes
4answers
2k views

Recent, elementary results in algebraic geometry

Next semester I will be teaching an introductory algebraic geometry class for a smallish group of undergrads. In the last couple weeks, I hope that each student will give a one-hour presentation. ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Non-negativity of invariant polynomials

Certifying the non-negativity of a symmetric polynomial is much easier than certifying the non-negativity of an arbitrary polynomial function: for instance, in (1) is proved that the complexity of ...
4
votes
1answer
268 views

The formula for a perhaps basic identity (move from stackexchange)

The following question is moved from math stackexchange. It seems that this is not a popular question, but I really want to know the answer so I moved it to here. The question reads as follows. We ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

Classification of complex Kronecker foliations

Let $\theta \in \mathbb{C}$ be a fixed complex number. The submersion $f:\mathbb{C}^{2}\to \mathbb{C}\; \text{with}\; f(x,y)=y-\theta x$ defines a complex foliation on $\mathbb{C}^{2}$. Consider the ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

Self-similarity for simple algebraic structures [closed]

I'm doing this thread because I have some ideas about how to define self-similarity in algebra, but I don't know if this is known at all. Any critics, comments and references are more than welcomed. ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

semi-classical Green's function

I am reading Gutzwiller's papers on the relation between Hamiltonian flows and solution to Schrodinger equations. In the two papers, he gave a semi-classical approximation of the Green's function to ...
2
votes
0answers
134 views

Argument againts the $abcd$ conjecture with extra gcd conditions

Got an argument and numerical support againts the $abcd$ conjecture with extra gcd conditions (observe that this is different from the $abc$ and the $abcd$ conjectures). This thesis p. 20 defines the ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Lower regularity version of Moser's theorem on volume elements

A theorem of Moser, published in "On the Volume Elements of a Manifold" (Transactions of the Americal Mathematical Society 120, 1965), shows that if a $C^\infty$ compact manifold $M$ has two ...
4
votes
0answers
211 views

“Partition” of a smooth function in $\mathbb R^2$

This is a question asking for reference. I have a proof of the following. Let $f=f(x,y)$ be a smooth function in $\mathbb R^2$ which vanishes at the origin. Then there exist smooth functions ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

The definition of computational complexity or complexity measure of computing reals [closed]

A real $r$ is computable if given any $i\in \mathbb{N}$, the $i$th bit can be outputed by a Turing Machine or an algorithm. So, what is computational complexity or complexity measure of computing the ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Nonlocal Stefan problems

Has there been much work in the setting of Stefan (or general free boundary) problems with some type of nonlocality? A search on Google and MathSciNet give me only a handful of results which greatly ...
5
votes
2answers
134 views

Positivity of Ehrhart polynomial coefficients

Are there any results stating that a given family of convex polytopes have Ehrhart polynomials with non-negative coefficients? What methods are available for proving such a property for some family ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Does knot Floer homology detect knot genus in rational homology spheres?

My question is the following: Does knot Floer homology detect the genus of null-homologous knot in rational homology spheres? If the answer is yes, I would like to have a reference for the ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Real centrally-symmetric plane algebraic curves

I am looking for a reference regarding the topology of real centrally-symmetric plane algebraic curves. By this I mean the curves defined by $$ P(x,y)=0, $$ where $P$ is a degree $m$ polynomial, ...
4
votes
1answer
192 views

If $S\subset\mathbb R$ is a $G_\delta$ there is a function $\mathbb R\to\mathbb R$ continuous exactly on $S$. Reference?

Let $S\subset\mathbb R$ be a $G_\delta$ set. A variation on the construction of the Thomae function (which is discontinuous on the rationals and continuous elsewhere) shows that there is a function ...
7
votes
4answers
321 views

Normal Covering of a Finite Group

Suppose $G$ is a finite group and $N_1, N_2, \cdots, N_k$ are proper normal subgroups of $G$. The set $\{ N_1, \cdots, N_k\}$ is called a normal cover for $G$, if $G = \cup_{i=1}^kN_i$. I need to the ...
3
votes
0answers
138 views

Uniqueness of scalar curvature

I'm reading Gromov's notes http://www.ihes.fr/~gromov/topics/SpacesandQuestions.pdf and at page 7 they say that there is a unique second order differential operator $S$ from the space of Riemannian ...
2
votes
2answers
228 views

System of boolean equations, Satisfiability

Are there any methods to "solve" large systems of boolean equations? $$x_{i1}\vee x_{i2}\vee x_{i3} = b_i, \quad\text{for}\quad i=1,\dots,N,$$ where $x_i, b_i \in\{0, 1\}$ For example $$x_{1}\vee ...
6
votes
1answer
130 views

Lie group actions with only one orbit type, but not defining a principal bundle

Searched-for situation: A compact connected Lie group acts effectively on a closed Riemannian manifold by isometries, such that there is only one orbit type of dimension strictly less than that of the ...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

Thin profinite groups - nonabelian analogues of p-adic integers

Let $p$ be a prime number, $S = C_p$ a cyclic group of order $p$, $G = \mathbb{Z}_p$ the profinite additive group of $p$-adic integers. It is well known that all the closed nontrivial subgroups of $G$ ...
2
votes
1answer
194 views

Graphs of tensoring modules

Let $A$ be a ring, and $L,M,N$ an $A^\mathrm{op} \otimes A$-modules. $L \otimes_A M$ is then an $A \otimes A^\mathrm{op}$ module so we can tensor it again with $N$ to get an abelian group $(L ...
9
votes
3answers
391 views

How many isolated roots can a polynomial in $z$ and $\overline{z}$ have?

This is probably well-known by I can't find it now online. My guess is that if the degree is $n$ then it's $2n$ but it's just a hunch. EDIT: This is an edited version. Before I asked about roots ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

A (different) foliation arising from Hopf fibration

In this question, first we fix an isomorphism between $TS^{3}$ and $S^{3}\times \mathbb{R}^{3}$.(To be more precise we consider the global trivialization of $TS^{3}$ with help of $3$ global ...
7
votes
1answer
561 views

Does Nelson try to prove PA inconsistent directly?

Edward Nelson is known for his serious attempts to show that Peano axioms, and sometimes even weaker theories, are inconsistent. I wasn't able to find Nelson's papers anywhere, so I wanted to ask a ...
6
votes
1answer
124 views

Number of orbits of $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathcal O_A)$ on $\mathbf P^1(A)$ when $A$ is a quaternion algebra

This is a reference request. Let $A$ be an anisotropic quaternion algebra over $\mathbf Q$. Let $\mathcal O_A$ be a maximal order in $A$. Then $\mathrm{SL}_2(A)$ acts transitively on the right on ...
5
votes
0answers
195 views

Any counterexamples known for the Generalized Tate conjecture?

One can state the generalized Tate conjecture over arbitrary finitely generated fields; to this end one should just define Galois representation to be effective if the eignevalues of the actions of ...
5
votes
2answers
245 views

Which groups are LERF?

A finitely generated group $G$ is called LERF if every finitely generated $H \leq G$ is closed in the profinite topology on $G$ (equivalently, there is a family of finite index subgroups of $G$ ...
6
votes
2answers
411 views

Reference for a fact (?) on homeomorphic knot complements

Does somebody have a reference (or an argument why it should be true) for the following statement? “Let $K$ and $K'$ be knots in $S^3$. If there is an orientation-preserving homeomorphism $h : S^3 ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Central automorphisms of groups act transitively on Krull-Schmidt decompositions

(Cross posted from math.SE) I'm looking for a modern reference to the subject line, preferably one that doesn't use Ore's generalizations to modular lattices. To clarify terminology... Suppose we ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

Reference request: functional analysis results used in Taubes paper (1980)

I'm studying Taubes paper 'Arbitrary N-vortex solutions to the first order Ginzburg-Landau equations'. I'm looking for a reference of three following theorems: Let $f(x)$ be a convex funtional ...
3
votes
0answers
521 views

Second Hardy-Littlewood Conjecture theme

If Second Hardy-Littlewood Conjecture is true then we can claim that $\pi(x)-\pi(y)\leq \pi(x-y)$. Thus the conjecture gives an upper bound for the number of primes between $x$ and $y$. I have found ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Looking for the manuscript “Uniform polytopes” by N. Johnson

The manuscript Uniform Polytopes (1991) by Norman Johnson is cited in the wikipedia page on uniform polytopes (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_polytope). Is there an electronic copy of this ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I have a copy of this old paper by Frobenius?

How can I have a copy of this old paper and a translation of it? Frobenius, G. (1902). Uber primitive Gruppen des Grades n und der Klasse n - 1. S. B. Akad. Berlin 1902, 455-459.