3
votes
1answer
117 views

Reference for $p$-adic Hodge theory with coefficients

Let $K$ be a $p$-adic field and $L$ be a finite or infinite extension (maybe algebraic ?) of $\mathbb{Q}_p$. Is there a reference for $p$-Hodge theory for representations $\rho : Gal_K \rightarrow ...
3
votes
0answers
269 views

Continued fraction representation of Zeta

A question at math.SE is asking for references. The fraction is quite nice! Check it out and post some references if you know of any. I found this at arxiv, but it doesn't apply to Zeta.
1
vote
2answers
247 views

How to prove $\mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to \infty } \sum\limits_{{f_x}(p) = 1} {\frac{1}{p}} = \ln 2$ for $p \le x$?

Let ${f_x}(m) = \sum\limits_{\left. p \right|m} {{f_x}(p)}$ be a strongly additive function on positive integer number $m$, where $p$ is a prime number. Set $${f_x}(p) = \left\{ ...
2
votes
1answer
237 views

Looking for paper: Weil's original 1952 “Sur les formules explicites de la théorie des nombres premiers”

I am looking for a source (preferably online) for Weil's original 1952 paper on the explicit formula. I am aware of an english translation available here, but would like to have access to the original ...
4
votes
0answers
111 views

Is there a version of Serre's modularity conjecture for projective representations?

Serre's modularity conjecture asserts that a continuous odd irreducible representation $$\overline{\rho} : G_\mathbb{Q} \rightarrow \mathrm{GL}_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$$ must be modular, in the sense that ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Looking for a reference to a classical formula for the sum of the base-$b$ digits of an integer

Pick an integer $b \ge 2$, and for $n \in \mathbf N$ let $s_b(n)$ denote the sum of the base-$b$ digits of $n$. It is a nice exercise to prove that $$s_b(n) = (b-1) \sum_{i=1}^\infty ...
21
votes
2answers
1k views

Was Vinogradov's 1937 proof of the three-prime theorem effective?

Was Vinogradov's first proof of the three-prime theorem effective? Reasons for my question: Vinogradov presented his proof in 1937 in a monograph; the English translation by K.F. Roth and A. ...
3
votes
2answers
170 views

equivalence of quadratic forms over finitely generated fields

Over number fields, two quadratic forms are equivalent iff they have the same dimension, signature, discriminant and Hasse invariant. How is the situation like over finitely generated fields?
4
votes
2answers
171 views

Asymptotics of special square-free numbers

What is the asymptotic number of square-free numbers less than $x$ with exactly $k$ prime divisors?
1
vote
0answers
159 views

Ideals with norm in arithmetic progression

Let K/Q be a number field extention. Is there an asymptotic formular for the numer of ideals $\sum\limits_{\substack{N(A)\leq x\\N(A)\equiv k(q)}}1$,where $(k,q)=1$ and $A$ runs over ideals in $O_K$. ...
1
vote
0answers
152 views

$\mathfrak{q}$-ideal class bound

Let $K$ be a number field, $\mathcal{O}_K$ be its ring of integers. Let $\mathfrak{q}$ be a nonzero ideal in $\mathcal{O}_K$. The $\mathfrak{q}$-ideal class group consists of equivalence classes of ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

Higher dimensional analogue of Thue's equation

The classical Thue equation is $$\displaystyle F(x,y) = h,$$ for a binary form $F(x,y) \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]$. Recall that a binary form is a polynomial in two variables which is homogeneous, and $h$ ...
5
votes
1answer
274 views

Integer numbers of the form $m = x^n + y^n$

First of all, I am no number theorist, so this question may be a little dummy. The two squares theorem imply that $m = x^2 + y^2$ for some (possible zero) integer numbers $x,y$ iff $m$ factors as $m ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

The number of different lattice triangles

Two convex lattice polygons are equivalent if there is a lattice-preserving affine transformation mapping one of them to the other. Equivalent polygons have the same area. Let $H(A)$ denote the number ...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

Proofs for almost prime limits

A number $n$ with prime factorization $$n=\prod_{i=1}^rp_i^{a_i}$$ is a k-almost prime if it has a sum of exponents $$\sum_{i=1}^{r}a_i=k$$ i.e., when the prime factor (multiprimality) function ...
7
votes
0answers
398 views

Looking for a paper of Hartshorne

In a famous paper Hartshorne - Varieties of small codimension, Hartshorne formulates a conjecture, which roughly says that varieties of small codimension in projective space are complete ...
6
votes
4answers
228 views

Number of solutions of linear homogenous Diophantine equation inside a box

Let $a_1, ..., a_d$ be positive reals and consider the linear Diophantine equation $$ \sum_i a_in_i = 0. $$ I am interested in estimating the number of integer solutions of this equation inside a ...
4
votes
1answer
311 views

Basics on anabelian geometry and Grothendieck's section conjecture

Even I can find similar questions and some answers on that questions, most of them are not quite unsatisfactory to me. Maybe this is a very stupid question, but there is no other place that I can ask ...
3
votes
0answers
313 views

Differential Galois number theory

Following http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/635659/can-the-error-term-involved-in-the-pnt-be-expressed-in-a-galois-theoretic-framew?noredirect=1#comment1341143_635659, I vainly tried to find ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

On one class of Euclidean lattices

Let $\Lambda\subset \mathbb Z^3$ be 3D lattice with a basis $$a_1=\left(\begin{smallmatrix} a_{11} \\ a_{21}\\ a_{31} \end{smallmatrix}\right),a_2=\left(\begin{smallmatrix} a_{12} \\ a_{22}\\ a_{32} ...
7
votes
1answer
290 views

Are primes of density 0 in $a\cdot b^n+c$?

Hooley proves in Applications of Sieves to the Theory of Numbers that there are only $o(x)$ numbers $n\le x$ such that $n\cdot2^n+1$ is a (Cullen) prime. The proof generalizes to forms ...
4
votes
2answers
274 views

Reference and best bounds of $\sum_{n\leq x}\frac{\mu(n)}{n}$

Could someone please provide information about the best possible known bounds of the sum $$A(x)=\sum_{n\leq x}\frac{\mu(n)}{n}?$$ Unconditionally, $A(x)=O(e^{-c\sqrt{\log x}})$ is known to me. Does ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

Does the modified Szpiro conjecture require minimal model?

The modified Szpiro conjecture is described in Wikipedia and here and here. The modified Szpiro conjecture states that: given $\varepsilon > 0$, there exists a constant $C(\varepsilon)$ such ...
5
votes
1answer
202 views

On a sum involving Euler totient function

Let $$S_a(N)=\sum_{n\le N}\frac{\varphi(an)}{n^2}.$$ The usual machinery gives an asymptotic formula $$S_a(N)=\frac1{\zeta(2)}\cdot\frac{a^2}{\varphi_+(a)}\log ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

Reference Request: Properties of the Integer Factorization Polytope

The complexity of Integer Factorization is to my knowledge still an open problem, whereas deciding, whether a given integer is a prime number is known to be in $P$ and a proof is available online ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

A problem on the finiteness of solutions to a Diophantine equations

Given two positive integers $a,b$, and an odd prime $p$, I want to know whether the number of solutions to the following equation is finite: $X^2=a+bp^{Y}$ where $X,Y$ are variables and are ...
1
vote
2answers
373 views

The implicit constant in GRH

One particularity of the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis seems to deserve some clarification. In particular, what is included in the commonly accepted version of the conjecture? GRH states that ...
11
votes
3answers
289 views

(Non-)Existence of curves of low degree on affine and projective varieties

I am interested in papers that investigates the existence or non-existence of curves of low degree (relative to the degree of the ambient variety). The starting example is that of surfaces and ...
0
votes
1answer
154 views

Reference request: on sums of the form $ax^m + by^n = h$

I know that equations of the form $$\displaystyle ax^d + by^d = h$$ with $a,b,h \in \mathbb{Z}$ have been thoroughly investigated as a special (and interesting) case of the Thue-Mahler equation, for ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Definability of orderings on a formally real number field

For vector basis $b_1,..,b_n$ on a finite extension $F$ of $\mathbb{Q}$, where $-1$ is not a sum of squares, each linear order on $F$ is determined by an order on the basis. This uses information ...
6
votes
2answers
386 views

runs of consecutive non squarefree integers

This question gained no attention at Math SE. Call a sequence of $k$ consecutive naturals squary if each one of them is divided by a square > 1. The Chinese Remainder theorem trivially guarantees us ...
5
votes
1answer
77 views

Name or references for minimal $N$ such that $\left(\frac{a}{b}\right)_n = \left(\frac{a}{b'}\right)_n$ whenever $b \equiv b' \bmod (N)$

Let $\left( \dfrac{a}{b} \right)_n$ denote the nth power residue symbol, a generalization of the Legendre symbol. I have recently seen it quoted that there is a minimal ideal $N$ (minimal by ideal ...
6
votes
1answer
248 views

Fermat-quotient of “order” 3: I found $68^{112} \equiv 1 \pmod {113^3}$ - are there bigger examples known?

(I've taken this from MSE, it seems to be more appropriate here) I'm rereading an older text on fermat-quotients (see wikipedia) from which I have now the Question for $$ b^{p-1} \equiv 1 \pmod{ ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Abel-Jacobi map isomorphism galois representations

Let $X/\mathbb{Q}$ be an irreducible smooth projective curve with a $\mathbb{Q}$-rational point $p$. Then there is a map $\phi: X \rightarrow \textrm{Pic}^{0}(X)$ with the property that $q \mapsto ...
6
votes
2answers
405 views

The Theory of Transfinite Diophantine Equations [closed]

The theory of Diophantine equations is one of the main stream research areas in number theory. There are many known results and unknown conjectures about the existence of non-trivial solutions for ...
5
votes
1answer
209 views

Who is attributed with the conjecture that every multiply-perfect number greater than $1$ is even?

I know that Descartes is considered to be the first to ask whether or not odd perfect numbers exist ($n$ such that $\sigma(n)=2n$, where $\sigma(n)$ is the sum of divisors of $n$), and he also ...
11
votes
2answers
463 views

Reference for a conjecture on the first primes congruent to 1 modulo other primes

Given a prime $p$, define $f(p)$ to be the smallest prime congruent to $1$ modulo $p$. For example, $f(7)=29$. It has been conjectured that $f(p)<p^2$ always: by Schinzel in his "Hypothesis H" ...
3
votes
0answers
108 views

Is there a generalization of Granville-Langevin conjecture for number fields?

According to Wikipedia and other sources the Granville-Langevin conjecture states: If $f$ is a square-free binary form of degree $n > 2$, then for every real $\beta > 2$ there is a constant ...
17
votes
1answer
712 views

The origin of Discrete `Liouville's theorem'

It is known that discrete Liouville's theorem for harmonic functions on $\mathbb{Z}^2$ was proved by Heilbronn (On discrete harmonic functions. - Proc. Camb. Philos. Soc. , 1949, 45, 194-206). If ...
10
votes
1answer
487 views

Order of magnitude of $\sum \frac{1}{\log{p}}$

Question: What is the order of magnitude of the following sum? $$ \sum_{p<n}_{p\ \ prime} \frac{1}{\log{p}} $$ Additional information: Since $$ \sum_{p<n}_{p\ \ prime} \frac{1}{\log{n}} ...
2
votes
2answers
138 views

Reference request for Frobenius numbers

The Frobenius number of a set of coprime integers is the largest number that not can be written as the sum of integer multiples of numbers in that set. I'm looking for a general reference on ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Interactions of number theoretic conjectures and other fields of mathematics

There are many interesting open conjectures in number theory. My question is not about partial results or possible ways to prove them. It is about their interactions with the other fields of ...
1
vote
2answers
243 views

What should I read if I want to learn about integral structures on classical algebraic groups?

I'm looking to learn about integral structures (or models?) on classical algebraic groups. To begin with I have been learning about algebraic groups, quadratic forms and lattices. And also looking at ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

Numbers with balanced diophantine approximations

This is a follow-up to Question 146635, namely Expected symmetry in the diophantine approximations of an irrational number, which I will refer to for notation and terminology used here without ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Order of non-trivial zeros of an L-function and topological dimension

Let $F$ be a primitive element of the Selberg class of degree $d_{F}>0$, and let's consider the group $G$ of complex isometries of finite order that preserve the critical strip ...
7
votes
1answer
180 views

Expected symmetry in the diophantine approximations of an irrational number

Given $x \in \mathbb{R}$ we will write $\{x\}$ for the fractional part of $x$ and $\|x\|$ for the distance of $x$ from the nearest integer, in such a way that $\{x\} = x - \lfloor x \rfloor$ and ...
3
votes
2answers
298 views

Cohen-Lenstra Heuristics reference

I am looking for good references (preferably, books) on Cohen-Lenstra Heuristics (on Real Quadratic fields) which explain in detail the reasons behind its fundamental assumption (higher the ...
1
vote
0answers
187 views

'etale topology

Could you recommend me please some basic, self-contained books on 'etale topology. I read Yoshida's article "local class field theory via lubin-tate theory" and some people said that it is somehow ...
1
vote
1answer
237 views

Koch's “Extendible functions”

For more than a year now, I have been looking for a copy of the following CICMA Concordia preprint : Author : Helmut Koch Title : Extendible functions Preprint, CICMA Concordia University Department ...
4
votes
1answer
260 views

To which automorphic forms/rep's over a function field can we associate a Galois representation?

As far as I understand it, by the work of Lafforgue (cf. Laumon, "Cohom. of Drinfeld ... II", Thm 12.4.1) there is a Galois representation associated to an irreducible cuspidal automorphic ...