1
vote
2answers
90 views

Asymptotics and error terms for an arithmetic function built upon $\omega$ and $\Omega$ functions

For any real number $x$, let's define $Om_{k}(x)$ as the number of positive integers $m$ below $x$ such that $\Omega(m)-\omega(m)=k$, where $\omega(n)$ is the number of distinct primes dividing $n$, ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Weil's Riemann Hypothesis for dummies?

Weil's Riemann Hypothesis is a deep result that I don't fully understand, but it has understandable corollaries which interest me. For example: (a) For any projective curve $X$ satisfying certain ...
0
votes
0answers
279 views

Conjectures on fractions where each digit appears once in numerator and denominator

This is a highly redacted version of a question that was asked before. Please see Criteria of considering relevance of the question to the domain of research topics for details. Some numerical ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Bloch Kato Exponential as formal lie group exponential

Let $K$ be a $p$-adic field and $V$ a $p$-adic representation. In their paper on tamagawa numbers of motives, Bloch and Kato define an exponential map as the connecting homomorphism $$DR(V) ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Asymptotic formula for restricted partition function

Let $p(n)$ be the partition function. Hardy and Ramanujan - and Uspensky, independently proved the asymptotic formula $$(1) \quad p(n) \sim \frac1{4\sqrt{3}} \frac{e^{c_0\sqrt{n}}}{n} \text{ as } n ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

Proof of the Friedlander–Iwaniec theorem

Does anybody know where I could find the proof of the Friedlander–Iwaniec theorem. The link that I find when I search for it is http://www.pnas.org/content/94/4/1054.full.pdf+html, but this seems more ...
9
votes
2answers
450 views

Bound on gcd of two integers

Well this is a problem I was fiddling with. I came up with it but it probably is not original. Suppose $a\in \mathbb{N}$ is not a perfect square. Then show that : ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Primality Criterion for Specific Class of Numbers of the Form kb^n-1

Let $N=k\cdot b^n-1$ where $b$ is an even integer , $3\nmid b$ , $3\nmid N$ , $k \equiv 1,5 \pmod{6}$ , $k< b^n $ and $n>2$ . Let $S_i=P_b(S_{i-1})$ with $S_0=P_{k\cdot b/2}(P_{b/2}(4))$ , ...
16
votes
1answer
351 views

Covering a set with geometric progressions

Consider the set $S_n=\{1,2,\cdots ,n\}$. What is the minimum number of distinct geometric progressions that cover $S_n$? Let us call this number $a_n$. I was wondering about this number after doing a ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

Primality Criterion for Specific Classes of Generalized Fermat Numbers

Let $F_n(b)= b^{2^n}+1 $ where $b$ is an even integer , $ 3\nmid b , 5\nmid b $ and $n\ge2$ Let $S_i=P_b(S_{i-1})$ with $S_0=P_{b/2}(P_{b/2}(8))$ where ...
18
votes
3answers
598 views

Number of primitive $n$th roots with positive versus negative real parts

Does anyone know a reference to the following results, which I can prove, but I suspect may be known. Let $R(n)$ denote the number of primitive $n$th roots of unity with positive real part, and $L(n)$ ...
7
votes
0answers
147 views

In which orders can the numbers of prime factors of consecutive integers be?

Let $\omega(m)$ be the number of distinct prime divisors of a positive integer $m>1$. I am interested in the relative orders in which the numbers $\omega(n+1),...,\omega(n+k)$ can occur. Given ...
9
votes
5answers
955 views

Brief Introduction to Modular Forms

What are the best introductory texts on modular forms that are suited for a brief six week course intended for advanced undergraduates? The students will be quite sharp and as far as prerequisites go, ...
1
vote
0answers
207 views

Where can I find the article of A. Borel: “Values of zeta-functions at integers, cohomology and polylogarithms”? [closed]

Where on the internet can I find this article? I know that it is in this book: Current trends in mathematics and physics, Narosa, New Delhi, 1995.
-3
votes
1answer
326 views

Is SOC known to imply the Grand Riemann Hypothesis? [closed]

I'm currently working on a conditional proof of the Grand Riemann Hypothesis, which is based on the assumption that every field automorphism of $\mathbb{C}$ that commutes with an element of the ...
6
votes
2answers
223 views

Conjectured congruence for the Apery numbers

Numerical evidence for the first hundred Apery numbers $$A_n=\sum\limits_{k=0}^n\binom{n}{k}^2\binom{n+k}{k}^2$$ suggests the following congruence relation $$A_n\equiv 0\; (\mathrm{mod}\; ...
2
votes
1answer
266 views

Is there an english translation of Delignes “La conjecture de Weil pour les surfaces K3.”?

The title is pretty self explanatory: I'm looking for an english translation of Delignes inventiones paper "La conjecture de Weil pour les surfaces K3." Anyone know if such a thing exists? Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Link between integral points on varieties and solutions to Diophantine equations

Let $k$ be a number field, $S$ a finite set of places of $k$ including the infinite ones and $F(X_1,\dots,X_n)$ a polynomial in $k[X_1,\dots,X_n]$. I am looking for notes, books or surveys detailing ...
1
vote
0answers
153 views

Reference for Local class field theory via witt vectors

I would like to find some books or lecture notes on geometric local class field theory via Witt vectors. I can't find any good paper on this subject.All approaches in the books to local class field ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

n-ary quadratic forms with $S$-integer values

Let $Q(x_1,\ldots,x_n):=x_1^2+\cdots+x_n^2$ be an $n$-ary quadratic form. Given a finite set of (rational) primes $S$ is there an algorithm or theorem that describes all solutions to ...
8
votes
0answers
191 views

Irreducibility of Galois representations attached to unitary groups

If $G$ is a unitary group in $n$ variables over $\mathbb Q$, attached to an hermitian form for an imaginary quadratic extension $E/\mathbb Q$ and if we suppose that the hermitian form is definite over ...
23
votes
1answer
684 views

How strong is this conjecture? $(Z/nZ)^*$ is generated by “small” elements

Conjecture: There are constants $c,k$ such that every $(Z/nZ)^*$ is generated by its elements smaller than $k (\log n)^c$. Where $(Z/nZ)^*$ is the multiplicative group of integers mod $n$. My ...
6
votes
1answer
302 views

Class groups of orders

In Cox's book "Primes of the form $x^2 + ny^2$", he proves that in a quadratic imaginary field $K$, if $\mathcal O$ is an order of conductor $f \in \mathbb Z$, we have that the class group ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Quotients of number rings IZ[zeta_l]

Let $l=p^r$ a prime power and $\zeta$ a primitive l-th root of unity. It is classical result, that $(1-\zeta)^{\varphi(l)}=p\cdot\epsilon\in\mathbb{Z}[\zeta]$ for a unit $\epsilon$. It should be a ...
11
votes
2answers
392 views

References for particular topics related to Langlands

I have never really concentrated on Langlands, which explains my poor level of understanding of it. But I have read quite a few introductory papers related to Langlands, and to the circle of ideas ...
5
votes
2answers
256 views

Reference for $p$-adic Hodge theory with coefficients

Let $K$ be a $p$-adic field and $L$ be a finite or infinite extension (maybe algebraic ?) of $\mathbb{Q}_p$. Is there a reference for $p$-Hodge theory for representations $\rho : Gal_K \rightarrow ...
7
votes
1answer
528 views

Continued fraction representation of Zeta

A question at math.SE is asking for references. The fraction is quite nice! Check it out and post some references if you know of any. I found this at arxiv, but it doesn't apply to Zeta.
1
vote
2answers
297 views

How to prove $\mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to \infty } \sum\limits_{{f_x}(p) = 1} {\frac{1}{p}} = \ln 2$ for $p \le x$?

Let ${f_x}(m) = \sum\limits_{\left. p \right|m} {{f_x}(p)}$ be a strongly additive function on positive integer number $m$, where $p$ is a prime number. Set $${f_x}(p) = \left\{ ...
2
votes
1answer
327 views

Looking for paper: Weil's original 1952 “Sur les formules explicites de la théorie des nombres premiers”

I am looking for a source (preferably online) for Weil's original 1952 paper on the explicit formula. I am aware of an english translation available here, but would like to have access to the original ...
4
votes
0answers
126 views

Is there a version of Serre's modularity conjecture for projective representations?

Serre's modularity conjecture asserts that a continuous odd irreducible representation $$\overline{\rho} : G_\mathbb{Q} \rightarrow \mathrm{GL}_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$$ must be modular, in the sense that ...
2
votes
2answers
165 views

Looking for a reference to a classical formula for the sum of the base-$b$ digits of an integer

Pick an integer $b \ge 2$, and for $n \in \mathbf N$ let $s_b(n)$ denote the sum of the base-$b$ digits of $n$. It is a nice exercise to prove that $$s_b(n) = (b-1) \sum_{i=1}^\infty ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

Was Vinogradov's 1937 proof of the three-prime theorem effective?

Was Vinogradov's first proof of the three-prime theorem effective? Reasons for my question: Vinogradov presented his proof in 1937 in a monograph; the English translation by K.F. Roth and A. ...
3
votes
2answers
188 views

equivalence of quadratic forms over finitely generated fields

Over number fields, two quadratic forms are equivalent iff they have the same dimension, signature, discriminant and Hasse invariant. How is the situation like over finitely generated fields?
4
votes
2answers
200 views

Asymptotics of special square-free numbers

What is the asymptotic number of square-free numbers less than $x$ with exactly $k$ prime divisors?
1
vote
0answers
165 views

Ideals with norm in arithmetic progression

Let K/Q be a number field extention. Is there an asymptotic formular for the numer of ideals $\sum\limits_{\substack{N(A)\leq x\\N(A)\equiv k(q)}}1$,where $(k,q)=1$ and $A$ runs over ideals in $O_K$. ...
1
vote
0answers
160 views

$\mathfrak{q}$-ideal class bound

Let $K$ be a number field, $\mathcal{O}_K$ be its ring of integers. Let $\mathfrak{q}$ be a nonzero ideal in $\mathcal{O}_K$. The $\mathfrak{q}$-ideal class group consists of equivalence classes of ...
3
votes
1answer
165 views

Higher dimensional analogue of Thue's equation

The classical Thue equation is $$\displaystyle F(x,y) = h,$$ for a binary form $F(x,y) \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]$. Recall that a binary form is a polynomial in two variables which is homogeneous, and $h$ ...
5
votes
1answer
286 views

Integer numbers of the form $m = x^n + y^n$

First of all, I am no number theorist, so this question may be a little dummy. The two squares theorem imply that $m = x^2 + y^2$ for some (possible zero) integer numbers $x,y$ iff $m$ factors as $m ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

The number of different lattice triangles

Two convex lattice polygons are equivalent if there is a lattice-preserving affine transformation mapping one of them to the other. Equivalent polygons have the same area. Let $H(A)$ denote the number ...
1
vote
0answers
130 views

Proofs for almost prime limits

A number $n$ with prime factorization $$n=\prod_{i=1}^rp_i^{a_i}$$ is a k-almost prime if it has a sum of exponents $$\sum_{i=1}^{r}a_i=k$$ i.e., when the prime factor (multiprimality) function ...
7
votes
0answers
402 views

Looking for a paper of Hartshorne

In a famous paper Hartshorne - Varieties of small codimension, Hartshorne formulates a conjecture, which roughly says that varieties of small codimension in projective space are complete ...
6
votes
4answers
262 views

Number of solutions of linear homogenous Diophantine equation inside a box

Let $a_1, ..., a_d$ be positive reals and consider the linear Diophantine equation $$ \sum_i a_in_i = 0. $$ I am interested in estimating the number of integer solutions of this equation inside a ...
4
votes
1answer
373 views

Basics on anabelian geometry and Grothendieck's section conjecture

Even I can find similar questions and some answers on that questions, most of them are not quite unsatisfactory to me. Maybe this is a very stupid question, but there is no other place that I can ask ...
3
votes
0answers
462 views

Differential Galois number theory

Following http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/635659/can-the-error-term-involved-in-the-pnt-be-expressed-in-a-galois-theoretic-framew?noredirect=1#comment1341143_635659, I vainly tried to find ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

On one class of Euclidean lattices

Let $\Lambda\subset \mathbb Z^3$ be 3D lattice with a basis $$a_1=\left(\begin{smallmatrix} a_{11} \\ a_{21}\\ a_{31} \end{smallmatrix}\right),a_2=\left(\begin{smallmatrix} a_{12} \\ a_{22}\\ a_{32} ...
7
votes
1answer
309 views

Are primes of density 0 in $a\cdot b^n+c$?

Hooley proves in Applications of Sieves to the Theory of Numbers that there are only $o(x)$ numbers $n\le x$ such that $n\cdot2^n+1$ is a (Cullen) prime. The proof generalizes to forms ...
4
votes
2answers
300 views

Reference and best bounds of $\sum_{n\leq x}\frac{\mu(n)}{n}$

Could someone please provide information about the best possible known bounds of the sum $$A(x)=\sum_{n\leq x}\frac{\mu(n)}{n}?$$ Unconditionally, $A(x)=O(e^{-c\sqrt{\log x}})$ is known to me. Does ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Does the modified Szpiro conjecture require minimal model?

The modified Szpiro conjecture is described in Wikipedia and here and here. The modified Szpiro conjecture states that: given $\varepsilon > 0$, there exists a constant $C(\varepsilon)$ such ...
5
votes
1answer
210 views

On a sum involving Euler totient function

Let $$S_a(N)=\sum_{n\le N}\frac{\varphi(an)}{n^2}.$$ The usual machinery gives an asymptotic formula $$S_a(N)=\frac1{\zeta(2)}\cdot\frac{a^2}{\varphi_+(a)}\log ...
2
votes
0answers
108 views

Reference Request: Properties of the Integer Factorization Polytope

The complexity of Integer Factorization is to my knowledge still an open problem, whereas deciding, whether a given integer is a prime number is known to be in $P$ and a proof is available online ...