1
vote
0answers
68 views

Empty node in cactus construction

Is there a necessary condition for not having empty node in the construction of the cactus of the minimum cuts of a graph? In particular is there a necessary condition for not having empty k-junction ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Estimate for the travelling salesman problem for balls inside a grid

This question is probably easy but I only have "tedious case checking" proof strategy in sight, and I'm sure there should be a reference lying around... The question concerns the TSP problem (with ...
7
votes
2answers
126 views

Bounds on chromatic number of $k$-planar graphs

A $1$-planar graph can be drawn in the plane so that each arc is crossed at most once by another arc. A $k$-planar graph can be drawn so that each arc is crossed at most $k$ times. Planar graphs are ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Graph theoretical representation of Wang Tile

We note that for one dimensional tiling problem of Wang Tile could be represented by a graph. Each cycle on the graph represents a periodic solution. However, is there a well established counter-part ...
3
votes
0answers
70 views

Reconstructing a function from its variants that negate one argument

Call two functions $g(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ and $h(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ from complex numbers to complex numbers equivalent if they are the same up to the order of their arguments. Formally: there is a ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

Extremal graph theory for directed graphs

In extremal graph theory, there are results such as $$t(C_4,G)\geq t(K_2,G)^4,$$ where $G$ is an undirected graph, $C_4$ is a cycle graph on 4 nodes, $K_2$ is a complete graph of $2$ nodes, and ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Laplacian matrix of a graph with negative weights

I am trying to calculate the Laplacian and Adjacency matrix of a graphs for positive and negative weights. If a graph be simple with only non-negative weight it is easier. But in my graph I have some ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Graph presentation of Lexicographic shifts

Consider a finite alphabet $\{0,1, \ldots, n-1\}$. Let $\Sigma_n = \mathop{\prod}\limits_{j=1}^{\infty}\{0, \ldots n-1\}$ be the set of infinite one sided sequences and $\prec$ the lexicographic ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Neighborhood overlap matrix for a bipartite graph

Let $G$ be an undirected, simple, bipartite graph with parts $V$ (having $n$ vertices) and $W$ (having $m$ vertices). Define the following $n$-by-$n$ matrix: for any $i,j \in V$, $$a_{ij} = |N_i \cap ...
5
votes
2answers
197 views

Genus of Tutte-Coxeter Graph

What is the genus of the Tutte-Coxeter graph -- the incidence graph of the GQ of order 2? Seems like it should be well known, since nearly every other parameter for that graph is known, but I can ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

Which hyperbolic tilings are Cayley graphs?

I realise the question is easy but after asking to a few people (and never getting a clear answer), I thought it could be instructive to ask it here: Given a regular tiling of the hyperbolic plane is ...
3
votes
1answer
225 views

Flow of an integer

I've stumbled across this family of flow networks, and posted the sequence of maximal flows to OEIS. It doesn't appear at this time. I can't find any reference to it either. Has anyone seen it? ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

The spectral radius of a modified graph

Let $H$ be a graph and let $G=H \vee K_{1}$ be obtained by creating a new vertex and joining it to every vertex in $H$. This situation has many different names: $G$ is called the cone or the ...
6
votes
1answer
158 views

What is/are the best bound/s on the sum of squares of degrees in a graph?

Let $G$ be a graph with degrees $d_{1},\ldots,d_{n}$. I am interested in upper bounds on $$ \sum_{i=1}^{n}{d_{i}^{2}}. $$ An example is de Caen's bound: $$ \sum_{i=1}^{n}{d_{i}^{2}} \leq ...
-2
votes
1answer
182 views

Natural constructions (not depending on parameters) [closed]

Consider graph clusterings as a prototypical example of (logical) constructions. Let a clustering of a graph $(V,E)$ be any covering of $V$, i.e. a set $C$ with $\bigcup C = V$. I am looking for a ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Harmonic Bergman spaces on graphs

Harmonic Bergman spaces on Euclidean domains are a set of harmonic functions on a domain that are from $L^{p}$ of that domain. I tried to find something on harmonic Bergman spaces on graphs because we ...
3
votes
2answers
332 views

A structure of the group of automorphisms of an infinite binary tree

My friend asked me to ask his question here. Where he can find (a paper or a book) containing a complete description (with the proof) of a structure of the group of automorphisms of an infinite binary ...
4
votes
2answers
213 views

Cubic graphs decompositions

There are many interesting computational problems related to connected cubic graph decomposition. For instance, decomposition of cubic graph into a perfect matching and a connected 2-factor ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Have chordal outerplanar graphs been studied before?

Recall a graph is chordal if it contains no induced cycle of length 4 or more, and outerplanar if it has a crossing-free embedding in the plane such that all vertices are on the same face. While ...
6
votes
1answer
143 views

A family of skew-symmetric matrices corresponding to cycles in graphs

When investigating loops in Markov chains I ran into the following observation. A cycle in a graph $G$ with $n$ vertices may be represented by a matrix $\Gamma \in \mathbb R^{n \times n}$ having the ...
5
votes
2answers
216 views

Universal graphs on higher cardinals

The Rado graph contains every finite graph as induced subgraph, and its also holds for countable graphs. So it is an universal graph of size $\aleph_0$, which contains all graphs of size $\aleph_0$ as ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

Is this Graph parameter known?

Let $\lambda(G)$ denote the edge-connectivity of $G$. Consider the following parameter: $\rho(G) = \max_{X \subset V(G)} \min(\lambda(G[X]), \lambda(G[V(G) - X]))$ Has this parameter been studied? ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Maximum Independent set of sparse graphs with few triangles

Notations used $\alpha(G) = $ Max sized independent set of graph $G$. $n(G) = $ Number of vertex in graph $G$. Theorem (by Ajtai et al.): For a triangle-free graph $G$ and max degree being ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

complexity of in-dominating set

Is the decision problem In-Dominating Set NP-complete for digraphs of regular out-degree (greater than (n-2)/4, in particular)? I'm mainly looking for the reference. Thanks for any answer!
2
votes
2answers
130 views

Name for Kneser/Johnson-like graphs?

I wonder if the following simple generalization of Johnson and Kneser graphs has a name? Let the vertex set of the graph $G(n,k,t)$ be the set of $k$-element subsets of an $n$-set, with two $k$-sets ...
3
votes
1answer
410 views

Is there a graph-theoretical proof of Tutte's theorem on matroids?

First of all, I'm not a mathematician and I hope this question isn't too elementary, but I got no answers on math.SE, and since this is a reference request on a relatively advanced theorem, I thought ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

Is the automorphism group of a homogeneous (locally finite) tree unimodular?

I have seen somewhere (that I don't remember now) that the (full) automorphism group of a k-regular tree is unimodular. I assume a k-regular tree is the same thing as the homogeneous tree of degree k ...
10
votes
7answers
424 views

Does the notion of graphs with vertex multiplicity exist?

I need to use graphs where each vertex gets a natural number, $b(v)$, its multiplicity. These numbers indicate how many 'replications' of the vertex we have. It is actually a way to write in a ...
4
votes
2answers
193 views

Methods to approximate the betweenness centrality on large networks

To calculate the between centrality wiki def: $g(v) = \sum_{s\neq v \neq t} \frac{\sigma_{st}(v)}{\sigma_{st}}$ of a node in a graph/network;$\sigma_{st}$ is the ...
2
votes
0answers
87 views

Groups acting on non-locally-finite trees with independence and specified local actions

Suppose I have a biregular tree $T_{m, n}$ (not necessarily locally finite), with distinct cardinal numbers $m, n$, so Aut$(T_{m, n})$ acts on $T_{m, n}$ without inversion. Let $V_m$ be those vertices ...
7
votes
1answer
297 views

Chromatic number of induced subgraphs as upper bound to the chromatic number

Motivation: At the Erdős100 conference in Budapest András Gyárfás presented some interesting conjectures. One of them was the following: Given that in a graph $G$, every subgraph $H$ formed by ...
2
votes
3answers
138 views

Reference Request for: Finding Large Bipartite Subgraphs via Destruction of Odd Cycles in Graphs

From the observation, that a bipartite graph doesn't contain odd cycles, it would seem natural to attempt to destroy all odd cycles in the most efficient way, by either removing edges or vertices of ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

For what classes of comparability graphs are their complements also comparability graphs?

An interval graph is an intersection graph of real intervals, that is, an undirected graph whose vertices can be labeled with real intervals so that there is an edge between two vertices iff their ...
5
votes
1answer
271 views

Random path in a graph

Consider a finite graph $G$. I would like to define a random path between two vertices $s$ and $t$ of the graph $G$ by looking at a measure $\mu$ on all spanning trees. Then the probability of a given ...
6
votes
2answers
193 views

Recovering a Weighted Graph from Shortest Path Distances

I am interested in the following problem (A) and its related formulation (B). (A) Suppose that $G = (V,E,w)$ is an unknown weighted graph on the vertex set $V$ and that one has access to $d_G(v,v'), ...
3
votes
2answers
271 views

Term for “Directed acyclic graph with exactly one sink and one source”

There's a theorem/lemma that states that a finite directed acyclic graph (DAG) has at least one sink and at least one source. Is there a term for a (finite) DAG with exactly one sink and one source? ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

Do right-profiles determine graphs up to isomorphism?

For graphs $G$ and $H$, let $h(G,H)$ denote the number of graph homomorphisms from $G$ to $H$. Fix some enumeration $G_1,G_2,\ldots$ of (isomorphism classes of) the set $\mathbf{D}$ of finite graphs, ...
5
votes
2answers
243 views

Fractional chromatic number, find reference to a particular alternate definition for

I'm searching for a reference to a particular alternate definition of the fractional chromatic number of graphs. Let me review the most common definition and basic properties first. Let $ G $ be ...
-1
votes
1answer
108 views

Intersection graphs of 2-element subsets

I am interested in the intersection graphs of $\binom{X}{2}$, i.e. the set of all 2-element subsets of a (finite) set $X$. [Motivation: One can represent every simple graph with $n$ vertices by an ...
4
votes
0answers
93 views

Metrized categories

Motivation: Let $\Gamma = (V,E)$ be a directed graph. To each edge $e \in E$, choose a value $\kappa^e \in \mathbb R$, representing the cost of transporting one unit of "stuff" through the edge. Let ...
2
votes
0answers
197 views

Incremental minimum spanning tree

Given a connected graph $G=(V,E)$ with a weight function $w:E\to\mathbb{R}$ and a subset $E_0\subseteq E$ such that the subgraph $(V,E_0)$ is connected, I am looking for a sequence $E_0\subseteq ...
11
votes
0answers
333 views

Drawings of complete graphs with $Z(n)$ crossings

Hill conjectured that the minimum number of crossings in a drawing of the complete graph $K_n$ in the plane is exactly $$Z(n) = \frac{1}{4} \bigg\lfloor\frac{n}{2}\bigg\rfloor ...
7
votes
2answers
416 views

Deriving Konig's Lemma directly from Infinite Ramsey's Theorem for triples

Let KL denote König's Lemma (for trees over $\mathbb{N}$), and RT(3) denote the Infinite Ramsey Theorem for triples over $\mathbb{N}$ (notation as in Simpson's book Subsystems of second order ...
8
votes
3answers
409 views

How dense is the set of asymmetric graphs?

On $n$ nodes, we have $2^{n(n-1)/2}$ graphs. Asymmetric graph is a graph that has only trivial automorphism. We known that asymptotically almost all finite graphs are asymmetric. Therefore, in the ...
2
votes
2answers
314 views

Is there any nontrivial monad on the category of graphs?

The question is in the title, but let me specify what I mean by the category of graphs. In the context of this question, the category of graphs is the category of symmetric irreflexive relations. ...
0
votes
0answers
178 views

counting k-cliques not also (k+1) on random graphs

consider the set of graphs with $n$ vertices and exactly half of all $\binom n 2$ possible edges. looking for a formula that counts the number of these graphs that have a $k$-clique but not a ...
12
votes
3answers
457 views

Estimate on currents in Cayley graphs

Take a Cayley graph $\Gamma$ (thought of as an electrical network with all edges having equal resistance) and break one edge $e$ and put a battery there. (Assume the graph has only one end* so that ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

complexity of dominating sets of regular graphs

Hi, I believe it is just an easy question, but I have not found the answer: Is the optimization / decision problem DOMINATING SET NP-complete when restricted to regular graphs? Where can I find a ...
7
votes
1answer
258 views

Which degree sequences are planar graphical?

The Erdős–Gallai theorem characterizes which degree sequences are graphical (i.e. realizable by a simple graph). There has been some work on which degree sequences are planar graphical (i.e. ...
4
votes
0answers
293 views

Tensor product of quivers

As a special case of a general construction I have constructed "accidentally" a tensor product of quivers aka directed multigraphs (aka directed graphs for category theorists). Probably this is ...