# Tagged Questions

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Any other operators that may convert agebraic function into transcendental ones [on hold]

As we know,integral may convert or map a rational function or algebraic function into transcendental one,are there any other operators that may convert a rational function or algebraic function into ...

**-1**

votes

**3**answers

168 views

### Specific Reference? Noncommutative topology and C^* algebras [on hold]

I stumbled across this "dictionary for noncommutative topology" http://planetmath.org/noncommutativetopology
and I would be very interested in learning more on the subject, particularly I'd like to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Variational Principle for a System of Differential Equations

I am studying a differential operator of the form $$ L\left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v \end{array}\right) = -\Delta \left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v \end{array}\right) + V(x)\left(\begin{array}{c} u \\ v ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### $L^{p}(\mathbb R)\subset L^{1}(\mathbb R) \ast L^{p}(\mathbb R), (1< p< \infty)$?

Let $\mathbb T$ be a circle group.
In 1939, Salem, has shown that, every member of $L^{1}(\mathbb T)$ can written as a product(convolution) some other two members of $L^{1}(\mathbb T),$ that is, ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Bundles over Function Spaces

Is there any reference on bundles over function spaces? In particular, I am interested in Banach-bundles over function spaces like $W^{k,r}(M)$, where $M$ is a Riemannian manifold. Separable ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### References for LWP of a NLS Equation

I am studying the LWP of $$i \partial_t \psi + \Delta \psi = \left| \psi \right|^{p-1} \psi + \frac{1}{\left| x \right|^2} \psi$$ in $\mathbb{R}^{1+2}$ given appropriate Cauchy data. It will probably ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Doubling of variables method for parabolic equations

Does anyone have a reference that explains the technique of doubling of variables as introduced by Kruzkov? It seems to be a necessary tool for contraction estimates when we have weak solutions. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

82 views

### Getting a comparison principle for parabolic equation when solution is not that smooth

Consider the solution $b(u) \in L^2(0,T;H^1)\cap H^1(0,T;H^{-1})$ with $u \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$ to
$$\frac{\partial}{\partial t}b(u) - \Delta u = f$$
where $b$ is continuous, increasing and locally ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### $H^s(\mathbb T)$ is a Banach algebra for $s>1/2$

I have not managed to find a reference for the following fact:
$H^s(\mathbb T)$ is a Banach algebra for $s>1/2$.
In particular, I need reference for the following inequality:
$$
\|uv\|_{H^s} ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### A very natural question in weak* topology [closed]

Can you provide me a counter example for this.
Suppose that I have a sequence of probability measures
$(\mu_{r,t})_{r,t>0}$ on a compact space metric $X.$
Suppose additionally that:
there exists ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

181 views

### Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality on hyperbolic space

Let $I_\alpha = (-\Delta)^{-\alpha/2}$ be the Riesz potential on $\mathbb{R}^n$. The Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev inequality on $\mathbb{R}^n$ says
$$||I_\alpha f||_{L^q} \leq C||f||_{L^p}$$
where $q = ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Generalized family of Holder inequalities

Is the "only if" direction of the following fact known?
For fixed sequences $(a)_i = a_1, \dots, a_r$, $(b)_i = b_1, \dots, b_r$ and $(c)_i = c_1, \dots, c_r$, the inequality $\prod_{i = 1}^r ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### reference request: trace/lifting operator for $L^{\infty}$ data in bounded $\Omega\subset R^d$

I know the answer to my question must be somewhere in the literature. Probably in [Adams-Fournier], [Dautray-Lions] or something alike, but I don't have access to a library right now so I'll ask ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

216 views

### Literature on “real” $C^*$-algebras

I am trying to get a better understanding of "real" $C^*$-algebras. I encountered them in the paper
D. Voiculescu, Dual algebraic structures, J. Operator Theory 17(1987), 85-98,
which cites
G.G. ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Fractional Laplacian on compact hypersurface/manifold via harmonic extension?

Let $M$ be a sufficiently smooth compact hypersurface of dimension $n-1$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$.
In pages 10-11 of this paper, the authors define $\mathcal{M} = M \times (0,\infty)$ and consider the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Nonlocal (parabolic) PDEs in the Sobolev space setting

Can someone recommend me some literature on nonlocal parabolic problems (eg. of the form
$$u_t + (-\Delta)^s u = f$$
where the nonlocal operator is the fractional Laplacian)
in the setting of Sobolev ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

300 views

### A useful criterion in vector integration

I would like to know the proof of the following theorem:
Consider two Banach spaces $X\hookrightarrow Y$ and $1<p,q\leq\infty$. Let $(f_n)_{n\geq 0}$ be a bounded sequence in $L^q(I,Y)$ and let ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### A parabolic PDE with Lipschitz nonlinearity, how to obtain well-posedness?

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded smooth domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ (or more generally a compact manifold). I'm interested in well-posedness (existence most importantly) of equations of the form
$$u_t(t) - ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

93 views

### L logL space and compactness

I think that if a sequence of L^1 functions have the integral
$$
\int f_n \log (f_n)dx
$$
uniformly bounded, then there is a subsequence that converges strongly in $L^1$.
The questions are:
1) Is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### Reproducing kernels and equivalent inner products

Suppose $H$ is a reproducing kernel Hilbert space and $K_{1}\left(x,\cdot\right)$ and $K_{2}\left(x,\cdot\right)$ two reproducing kernels with respect to two equivalent inner products on this space. ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

330 views

### Reference for invariance of essential spectrum under relatively compact perturbations

I'm looking for a proof of the following statement:
Let $X$ be a Banach space and $T$ be a closed map on $X$. For any relatively compact map $A$ the essential spectrum of $T$ and $T+A$ are the same.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

64 views

### Reflexive Besov spaces Bs,p,q

I don't know whether the Besov space $B^s_{p,q}$ with $1<p,q<\infty$ is reflexive or not? Can someone help me please?

**5**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Self-adjoint operator

Assume that $B$ is a self-adjoint operator and $\alpha\in(0,1)$. I need a reference for the following equality $$B^{-\alpha}=\frac{\sin\alpha \pi}{\pi}\int_0^\infty ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### Approximation of continuous functions by Lipschitz functions in the topology of uniform convergence on compact sets

I was involved into this subject when I answered
this
question from MSE. Trying to generalize my answer, I am thinking about a following
Question. Let $X$ and $Y$ be metric spaces. When each ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Exterior powers and singular values on Hilbert spaces

I am currently writing an article relating to multiplicative ergodic theorems for cocycles of bounded operators acting on a Hilbert space, and in parts of the argument it is necessary for me to refer ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

179 views

### On the classification of injective Banach spaces

A Banach space $E$ is injective when it is complemented in each Banach space $X$ that contains it as a closed subspace. The space $E$ is $1$-injective if the copy of $E$ in $X$ is the range of a ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

135 views

### A basic question about JL Lions' transformation of a Stefan problem

In J.L Lions' book "Quelques méthodes de résolution des problèmes aux limites non linéaires" (page 196), the author considers a two-phase problem with moving boundary separating the interface. The ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

328 views

### Spectral theorem for unbounded self-adjoint operators on REAL Hilbert spaces

This question was posed on MathStackExchange but did not get an answer (even with a bounty).
In all books that I have checked the spectral theorem (every self-adjoint unbounded operator on a Hilbert ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### Support-preserving pseudodifferential operators

Let $A = F^{-1}\sigma F$ be a pseudodifferential operator acting on functions on $\mathbb R^n$, where $F$, $F^{-1}$ are the direct and inverse Fourier transforms respectively and $\sigma$ is the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Showing $H^1(\partial\Omega) \subset H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)$ is continuous?

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded Lipschitz domain.
How does one prove that the inclusion $H^1(\partial\Omega) \subset H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)$ is continuous?
I define $H^{\frac 1 ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

77 views

### References for well-posedness of weak solutions to Stefan problem

Can anyone recommend me any papers/texts that deal with the existence off weak solutions of the one-phase (or other) Stefan problem, or in general any sort of free boundary problem (for a beginner)?
...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

130 views

### Defining surface integral on boundary of $C^1$-domain

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded $C^1$ domain with bounded boundary $\partial\Omega$. Can someone point me to a reference where the surface integral of a measurable function $f\colon \partial\Omega \to ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### A question about extensions of Markov semigroups

I'm cross-posting this question from MSE. It's the first time I do this so I'm unsure of etiquette regarding how to cross-post, if this irritates anyone please vote this down and I'll delete the post. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Any references on infinite-dimensional Fourier-Plancherel theory?

Let $M$ be a measure on an infinite-dimensional topological vector space (in fact, only the measure type matters), such that $M$ is quasi-invariant under a dense subspace $S$ of shifts (let's assume ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

119 views

### If $u \in W^1(0,T;L^2,H^1)$ and $\varphi \in C^1([0,T]\times \Omega)$ then $\varphi u \in W^1(0,T;L^2,H^1)$?

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be an open bounded domain.
Define $$W^1 := W^1(0,T;L^2,H^1) := \{w \in L^2(0,T;H^1(\Omega)) \mid w' \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1}(\Omega))\}$$
where $w'$ means the weak ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

192 views

### Positivity of the Coulomb energy in two dimensions

In dimensions $d\geq 3$ the Coulomb energy is always non-negative (since the Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{|\cdot|^{d-2}}$ is non-negative). What can one say about positivity properties of the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### definition of accretive operator

A relation T with domain and range in a Hilbert space is said to be accretive if the
transformation $ (T − \lambda)/(T + \bar \lambda\ ) $
with domain and range in the Hilbert space is contractive for ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Fourier transform of the unit sphere

The Fourier transform of the volume form of the (n-1)-sphere in $\mathbf R^n$ is given by the well-known formula
$$
\int_{S^{n-1}}e^{i\langle\mathbf a,\mathbf u\rangle}d\sigma(\mathbf u) = (2\pi)^{\nu ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

300 views

### Measure theory in nuclear spaces

Much of the literature on measure theory in linear spaces focuses on the case of normed linear spaces (e.g., the outstanding book by Vakhania, or its sequel). However, nuclear linear spaces "as far ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### Linear combination of i.i.d. $Z_i$ distributed as $Z_1$

A classical property of the Gaussian distribution is that, if $\{Z_i\}_{1 \leq i \leq n}$ are i.i.d. standardised Gaussian distributions (i.e. $Z_i \sim N(0,1)$) and $S = \sum_{i=1}^n a_i Z_i$ where ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

145 views

### Lebesgue's integrability condition in several variables

The well known Lebesgue's condition of Riemann integrability says that a bounded function in one variable
$f\colon [a,b] \to \mathbb{R}$ is Riemann integrable if and only if it is continuous almost ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

70 views

### Maximum Principle with Banach Control Space

This is a problem that seems very natural to me, but I couldn't find any formal statement in the literature for some time now. I am basically considering an autonomous optimal control problem in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Orthonormal basis in $\ell^n_p$

Given a $k$-dimensional subspace in $\ell^n_p$, is there a way to bound the value of
$$
\sum_{i=1}^k \|a_i\|_{\ell^p}^2
$$
for $a_i$ an orthonormal (for the "standard" underlying $\ell^n_2$) basis.
...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

292 views

### Measures whose projections are absolutely continuous

Since my question was not answered on MSE, I would like to ask it here.
Let $\mu$ be a finite Borel measure on the plane. Does there exist a characterization of the property that almost all (wrt ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

220 views

### Dual of $L^2(0,T,C)$ where $C'=BD(\Omega)$

Here is the hypothesis of my problem : $T>0$, $\Omega$ is a bounded open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with a regular boundary. I'm actually looking for a proof that explains what is the dual of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

161 views

### Composite families of formal power series over $\mathbb C$ as algebraic variety

I was led to prove that the set of composite families $(f_j)_{j \leq k}$ of germs at $0\in \mathbb C^m$ of a holomorphic function (composite = sharing a common divisor belonging to the maximal ideal) ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

137 views

### Nonlinear parabolic PDEs existence with Galerkin method?

Can someone give me some references to read where existence/uniqueness of nonlinear parabolic PDE are treated via the Galerkin method or fixed point methods or something like that (anything but ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

195 views

### Is there an “exponential law” for differentiable maps between smooth manifolds?

Although it seems like a textbook question, I was not able to find a textbook or even a research article answering the following question:
Let $M$, $N$ and $P$ be finite-dimensional smooth manifolds ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

333 views

### Applications of non-separable Hilbert spaces

In applications, Hilbert spaces of interest are often assumed to be separable. In addition to being extremely convenient mathematically, this assumption can often be justified on computational or ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

205 views

### Is an exact operator, unitary equivalent to a banded operator?

Let $H$ be an infinite dimensional separable Hilbert space and $B(H)$ the algebra of bounded operators.
Definition : Let $(e_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}}$ be an orthonormal basis.
$T \in B(H)$ is ...