# Tagged Questions

**4**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Graph presentation of Lexicographic shifts

Consider a finite alphabet $\{0,1, \ldots, n-1\}$. Let $\Sigma_n = \mathop{\prod}\limits_{j=1}^{\infty}\{0, \ldots n-1\}$ be the set of infinite one sided sequences and $\prec$ the lexicographic ...

**6**

votes

**6**answers

457 views

### Furstenberg $\times 2 \times 3$ conjecture, bibliography

Furstenberg $\times 2 \times 3$ original conjecture states that the unique continuous invariant probability measure for $2x$ mod $1$ and $3x$ mod $1$ is the Lebesgue measure.
I wanted to have a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

56 views

### Periodic solution of first order ODE

There is a famous result shows that for every continuous function $f:{\mathbb R}\rightarrow {\mathbb R}$, the first order autonomous system
$$
\left\{
\begin{array}{l}
\dot{x}=f(x), \\
x(t_0)=x_0,
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Nonexistence of Limit Cycle

Consider a planar dynamical system described in polar coordinates as
$$
\left\{
\begin{array}{ll}
\dot{\theta}=\Delta - r \sin \theta,\\
\dot{r} = - r + 1 + \cos \theta,
\end{array}
\right.
$$
where ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

288 views

### Raphael Douady's thesis: Applications du théorème des tores invariants

Raphael Douady's thesis, Applications du théorème des tores invariants, has been cited in numerous papers by many experts.
According Wikipedia, he proves of the equivalence of KAM ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Renewal systems: Intrinsic ergodicity and a question related to the Adler's conjecture

Consider the alphabet $\mathcal{A} = \{0,1\}$ and consider a finite set of words $W = \{\omega_1, \ldots , \omega_n\}$ over $\mathcal{A}$. Then the renewal system $\Sigma_{W}$ generated by $W$ is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Question about a length inequality in algebraic dynamics

Let $X$ be a Noetherian scheme. Let $f\colon X\rightarrow X$ be an integral self-morphism. If $x\in X$ is a closed point, I will write $\mathcal{F}_{1}^x$ for the coherent sheaf of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Real analytic ergodic diffeomorphisms of the two sphere

Does there exists a real analytic area preserving ergodic diffeomorphism on $S^2$?
(Possibly by perturbing a rotation in the real-analytic topology?)

**2**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Does conjugacy preserve the set of synchronizing blocks?

A synchronized system is a transitive shift space $X$ which has a synchronizing block $v$, that is $v$ is an admissible block for $X$ and whenever $vw$ and $uv$ are admissible blocks in $X$, then ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Mixing coded systems and period of their graph presentations

A coded system [see F. Blanchard, G. Hansel, Systèmes codés, Theoretical Computer Science, Vol. 44, 1986, pp. 17-49, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-3975(86)90108-8.
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Decay of Correlation, references for a non-standard way

In ergodic theory is common to use the decay of correlation property to deduce
properties analogues to those of i.i.d. random variables.
Call $X\doteq [0,1].$
Examples of decay of correlation ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Pointwise ergodic theorem for amenable semigroups

Using tempered Folner sequences one may show a pointwise ergodic theorem for amenable groups.
(see http://www.aimsciences.org/journals/pdfsnews.jsp?paperID=2413&mode=full)
Is there a similar ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Uniform convergence of Birkhoff averages and unique ergodicity

I am looking for a proof or a reference for the following two facts (which appear proofless in my notes from an ergodic theory course- they might be easy but i am no expert in ET):
Let $T$ be a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

164 views

### Number of solutions of a system of equation!

Let $\Theta =(\theta_1,\ldots, \theta_n)\in {\mathbb T}^n$. I want to show that the system of equations
$$
\sum_j 2\sin(\theta_i -\theta_j)+\sin(2\theta_i -2\theta_j) =0,\ \ i=1,\ldots, n,
$$
has ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

292 views

### Dynamics of Master Equation

I'm going to do research on dynamics of master equation of $n$ states
$$\dot p_i=A_{ij}p_j\qquad i=1\ldots n$$
where $p_i$ is the $i$-th component of probability vector and $A_{ij}$ is transition rate ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### The $\Omega$-Stability Theorem

I'm currently studying the $\Omega$-Stability Theorem:
Theorem: If $\mathcal{R}(f)$ has a hyperbolic structure then $f$ is $\mathcal{R}$-stable.
Some explanations about the statement: $f$ is a $C^1$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

51 views

### On global attraction of a stable node for a four dimensional nonlinear system

Consider the dynamical system on ${\mathbb R}^2\times{\mathbb I}^2$ (or ${\mathbb T}^2\times{\mathbb I}^2$) described by
$$\left\{
\begin{array}{l}
\dot{\theta}_1 = \omega_1 - ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Reference for and Properties of the $alpha$-entropy

Let $T : X \to X$ be a continuous map on, say, a compact metric space $X$. Let $\mu$ be an invariant borel measure. Under suitable conditions, a result of Brin and Katok states that $\mu$-almost ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

273 views

### Poincare recurrence theorem and convergence on compact metric spaces

I am looking for a proof (or a reference to a proof) of the following theorem:
Let $X$ be a compact metric space with metric $d$, endow $X$ with the Borel $\sigma$-algebra and a probability measure ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Extending the hyperbolic splitting on $\Lambda$ to a neighborhood of $\Lambda$

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $f:M→M$ a diffeomorphism. Let $\Lambda\subset M$ be a compact invariant subset of $M$. We say that $\Lambda $ is a hyperbolic set for $f$ when there ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

78 views

### Volume Function on Banach Spaces

I'm looking for a reference for the following so-called Volume Function $V_n$, which is intended to be a Banach/normed vector space generalization of the determinant.
Let $X$ be a Banach space with ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### What is known about dynamics on Grassmannians?

I have found myself becoming interested in dynamical systems given by homeomorphisms acting on $G(r,d)$, the space of $r$-dimensional subspaces of $\mathbb{R}^d$. I tried to do a literature search ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Boundary flux maximizing drift (velocity) vector fields for 2D heat equation

Looking for literature / known results on the following class of problems:
Consider the domain bounded, open $\Omega\in \mathbb R^2$ with smooth boundary, divergence free drift $u=u(x,t)$, scalar ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

190 views

### Holomorphic representations of complex reductive Lie groups and the boundary of orbits (Reference request)

I have difficulties finding an appropriate reference for the following question (which I hope that it to be true).
Let $U$ be a compact Lie group, $G:=U^{\mathbb{C}}$ its complexiﬁcation and $\tau: ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

147 views

### Hyperbolic sets that are not locally maximal

I would like, if possible, a simple example of a hyperbolic set that is not locally maximal.
What kind of dynamic phenomenon should occur for the appearance of hyperbolic set that is not maximal.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Hyperbolic sets

I recently started reading about hyperbolic dynamics in the notes of L. Wen,
http://www6.cityu.edu.hk/rcms/publications/ln5.pdf
and in this (page 8) there is the following statement: If the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

370 views

### Variational Principle for the Entropy

Theorem: Let be $f$ a homeomorphism of a compact metric space $X$, then
$$
h_{top}(f)=\sup_{\mu\in \mathcal{M}_{f}}~ h _\mu (f)
$$
Question: The above theorem is the famous variational principle ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

331 views

### Conley Theorem (or fundamental theorem of dynamical systems)

Notations:
$\mathcal{R}(f)$ denotes the chain recurrent set of $f$
$NW(f)$ denotes the non wandering set of $f$
$R(f)$ denotes the recurrent set of $f$ ($x: x\in \omega(x)$)
Given compact ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Do identical orbit tiles imply identical combinatorial types?

Given a periodic trajectory on a triangle, we can associate to this trajectory a sequence of integers $1,2$ and $3$ by labeling the edges of the triangle and taking the sequence of edges the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

267 views

### Iterates converging to a continuous map

I have no doubt that the following observation is quite well known. Let $\varphi:[0,1]\to [0,1]$ be a continuous map. Assume that the iterates $\varphi^n$ converge pointwise to some continuous map ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

129 views

### Chain Recurrent Set of a Isometry

Let be $T:X\to X$ a topological dynamical system, $X$ a compact space and $T$ is also a isometry. Let be $\mathcal{R}(T)$ the chain recurrent set of $T$.
Theorem: $\mathcal{R}(T)=X$
There is a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

341 views

### Partial linearization near a hyperbolic fixed point--Classical scattering

I am currently reading the famous article "Universal Properties of Maps on an Interval"
by Collet, Eckmann and Lanford related to the Feigenbaum-Coullet-Tresser universality.
I am in particular ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

119 views

### Detecting Non-Transversality

Suppose $f \colon \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ is Morse and has finitely many critical points. Is there an algorithm for determining whether there exists a saddle-saddle connection (an orbit of grad ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

93 views

### Reference Request: Structural Stability of Gradient Fields

I am asking for a reference that contains a proof of Theorem 4, which is on page 315 of the following text:
Hirsch, Morris W., and Stephen Smale.
Differential equations, dynamical systems, and ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

437 views

### Examples In Ergodic Theory and Topological Dynamics

I am currently studying basic Ergodic Theory:
Invariant Measures
Poincaré recurrence Theorem
Invariant Measure For Continuous Transformations
The Ergodic Theorems and Applications
Ergodic ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

117 views

### Rigid-body in a central field: orbital and attitude motion

Question
I would like to find a nice set of explicit coordinates for the family (parametrised by angular momentum) of reduced systems representing a rigid-body in a central field
in which the orbital ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

157 views

### How Markus–Yamabe implies Jacobian ?

To make myself precise, I would like to recall some backgrounds.
(Markus-Yamabe, $\mathrm{MY}_n$) Given a $C^1$ map $f:\Bbb R^n \to \Bbb R^n$ with $f(0)=0$ and $Df$ everywhere Hurwitz stable (the ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is there a categorical treatment of dynamical systems?

Let $X$ be a set and $(T,\cdot)$ an abelian group. Is there a category of $T$-dynamical systems on $X$ which yields useful information about $X$ and $T$?
More precisely, is there a category whose ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

263 views

### Strata of quadratic differentials from rational billiards

Given a quadratic differential $q$ on a surface of genus $g$, we say that $q\in \mathcal Q(k_1,\ldots,k_n)$ if $q$ has $n$ distinct zeroes of order $k_1,\ldots,k_n$ respectively. The set $\mathcal ...

**26**

votes

**1**answer

944 views

### solving linear equations made difficult

(Note: This is a what's-in-the-literature question, not a what's-mathematically-true question, but I believe both are considered valid kinds of MathOverflow question.)
I saw this amusing derivation ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

477 views

### Midpoint lattice polygons

Midpoint polygons (a.k.a Kasner polygons) have been studied, and their behavior is well understood.
I am considering a variant, which I call midpoint lattice polygons.
Start with a sequence of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

245 views

### Transversality and isolated degenerate critical points

Maybe some of the following statements are not precise. Please correct them.
Let $M$ be a compact smooth manifold. Let $f: M \to {\mathbb R}$ be a Morse function. Then a generic Riemannian metric $g$ ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

157 views

### $\mathbb{S}^2$ equivalent to frac$(n \alpha)$ equidistribution on $\mathbb{S}^1$

Let $\operatorname{frac}(x) = x - \lfloor x \rfloor$ be the fractional part of $x$.
Then, for $\alpha$ irrational, $\operatorname{frac}(n \alpha)$, $n=1,2,\ldots$, distributes
randomly in $[0,1)$, ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

269 views

### Cryptography and iterations

Hi,
Here is a question in cryptography which is probably naive, and a reference request.
I was wondering about the following key-exchange scheme, which is a variant on Diffie-Hellman. Consider a ...

**20**

votes

**4**answers

868 views

### Pinball on the infinite plane

Imagine pinball on the infinite plane, with every lattice
point $\mathbb{Z}^2$ a point pin.
The ball has radius $r < \frac{1}{2}$.
It starts just touching the origin pin, and shoots off at angle ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Coded Systems and dense subsets

A shift space $(X, \sigma)$ is a coded system if there exist a countable collection of finite words $(\omega^n)_{n \in \mathbb{N}}$, called generators, such that $X$ is the closure of the set of ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

916 views

### Nonvanishing of Jacobians implies global injectivity?

I am interested in obtaining injectivity of a $C^1$ map from the nonvanishing minors of its Jacobian matrix. Here is a brief history of the topic.
In 1953, Samuelson asked the following:
If the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

207 views

### Approximation of the radon-derivative

I am looking for the following statement.
Let $X$ be a topological space and let $\mu$, $\nu$ be Radon-Borel measures in the same measure class i.e. the the zero-sets are identical. Denote then by ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

430 views

### Periodic lightray paths trapped between two nested mirror circles

I wonder if the periodic paths of a lightray trapped between two nonconcentric circles,
each perfectly reflecting, are known?
The behavior of such rays seems chaotically complicated. For example, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

414 views

### Shift invariant measures that are(n't) convex combinations of ergodic measures

Let $X=2^\omega = \lbrace 0,1 \rbrace^{\mathbb{N}}$ and $T\colon X \to X$ the (left) shift map. The space $\mathcal{M}$ of $T$-invariant Borel probability measures is convex with $\mathcal{M}^e$, the ...