This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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2
votes
0answers
79 views

Semistability of a sheaf on nodal curve

Suppose $X$ is a projective, connected, nodal curve (can be reducible) over an algebraically closed field $k$ of arbitrary characteristic. Let $F$ be a pure sheaf on $X$ and denote by $\pi^{*}(F)$ its ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Reference request: Uniformly totally bounded classes of compact metric spaces are Gromov-Hausdorff precompact

The following Theorem can be found for instance here (Theorem 7.4.15): Theorem. (author ?) Any uniformly totally bounded class $\mathfrak X$ of compact metric spaces is pre-compact in the ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

Real interpolation of weighted Sobolev spaces with different weights

Let $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be open and let $w_0$ and $w_1$ be measurable and almost everywhere positive and finite functions defined on $\Omega$. Let $L^2_{w_0}(\Omega)$ be the weighted ...
5
votes
3answers
179 views

Text for studying group representations in the context of (abstract) harmonic analysis

I would like to study elements of representation theory as I often encounter it when reading texts on harmonic analysis. I was therefore curious if someone could recommend a book for this. When ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Points of continuity of a lower semicontinuous function have non empty interior

Let $X\subset \mathbb R^d$ having non empty interior and let $f:X\to\mathbb{R}$ be lower semicontinuous. I know that the set of discontinuities of such a function is contained in a meager set, and ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Smooth dependence on the initial condition of the integral of an ODE

I am considering an ODE $\dot{x}=f(x)$, with $x\in\mathbb{R}^d$ and $d<\infty$. $f$ is a $C^k$ function and I denote by $\Phi_t x$ be the value of the solution at time $t$. I assume that my ODE ...
6
votes
0answers
117 views

$\Bbb A^1$-Localisation of Schemes, and $\Bbb A^1$-Rigid Schemes

Question 1: Are there some publications or preprints that provide $\Bbb A^1$-fibrant replacements of certain classes of (smooth) schemes? Of course, smooth schemes that are $\Bbb A^1$-fibrant are ...
6
votes
2answers
360 views

Kazhdan's property (T) vs. residual finiteness

I have asked this question already on mathstackexchange but got no answer (see http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1795795/kazhdans-property-t-vs-residual-finiteness) and it was suggested that I ...
4
votes
1answer
217 views

What are Motivic homotopy types?

There are suggestions that says that Grothendieck developed (in some sense) a theory of Motivic homotopy types or at least named it. I would like to know the reference in which Grothendieck did it, ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Applications of the Weak and Weak$^*$ topologies to PDEs?

Chapter $3$ of Functional Analysis, Sobolev Spaces and Partial Differential Equations by Haim Brezis constructs and explains the Weak and Weak$^*$ topologies over a Banach Space $E$. The most ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Diagonal of Green's Function

I am looking to numerically calulate the diagonal of Green's function. I am interested in Green's functions of elliptic PDEs and in those that arise from stochastic processes (discrete and ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Minimal Nagata-like compactification

Working over a field $k$, Nagata's compactification theorem implies that any separated scheme $X$ of finite type over $k$ admits a compactification (a dense open immersion $i \colon ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Strengthening of the local smoothing estimates for the free Laplacian

The classical local-smoothing estimates for the free Laplacian asserts that: $$\Vert e^{-it\Delta}f\Vert_{L^2((-\infty,+\infty)\,;\,H^{1/2}(B))}\leq C_B\cdot\Vert f\Vert_{L^2}$$ where ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

On two functions with isodirectional gradients

Let $U\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open and $f,g:U \to \mathbb{R}$ be two $C^1$ functions whose gradients are always in the same direction, i.e. $\forall i,j \in \left\{1,...,n\right\}$ \begin{equation} ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Where can I find this article of Doléans-Dade?

I need to find the article "Intégrales stochastiques dépendant d’un paramètre" by Doléans-Dade. I could not find a pdf version online, and my university library does not have a printed version. Thank ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views
+50

Optimal instructions for the modular construction of rectlinear Lego structures

Let $X$ be a compact (or periodic) union of integer translates of unit cubes such that the interior of $X$ is connected. (If it makes any difference, suppose that the dimension $n$ of $X$ is 3.) I am ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Range of random walk

I have a random walk on $\mathbb{Z}$ with starting point $0$ and with length $n$ and possible steps to right, left or stay where you are, all with the same probabilities. I am interested in exact ...
2
votes
0answers
151 views

Euler-Maclaurin Formula Review

I'm using the Euler-Maclaurin formula in a research I'm working on. However brilliant is the elementary proof found here, I need and want to know more about it. Namely Generalizations to broader ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

The integral of $\exp(-|x-a|)$ over an even dimensional sphere

I'm after a reference for an integral. For $m$ a positive integer and $R>0$ let $S^{2m}_R\subset \mathbb{R}^{2m+1}$ denote the radius $R$ sphere of dimension $2m$. Suppose that $a$ lies inside ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Order of vanishing of Laplace's equation with potential

Consider the equation $-\Delta u + V u = 0$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions on the bounded domain $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, where $V$ is a smooth potential. Let $V \leq 0$, and bounded on ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Can infinitely many orbifolds be “added up” to form a fractal space?

Disclaimer: this question is rather vague and thus might not be suitable for this site. If so, feel free to tell me and I'll delete it. Intuitively, an orbifold, from what I understand, is a ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

What is the extension of the truth-table degrees to Baire Space called?

Recall that for sets $A, B \in 2^\omega$ that we say $A \leq_{tt} B$ if there is a total Turing functional $F \colon 2^\omega \to 2^\omega$ such that $F(B)=A$. This is called truth-table ...
6
votes
0answers
111 views

Weak* continuity of positive parts, again

Bill Johnson pointed out to me yesterday that the map $$f \mapsto f^+ = \max(f,0)$$ is not weak* continuous on $l^\infty$. Nonetheless, I think I can prove that if $V$ is a linear subspace of ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Matrix concentration inequality

Let $X \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times d}$ be a fixed matrix and $W \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times d}$ be a random matrix with elements $w_{ij} = x_{ij} + \epsilon_{ij}$, where $\epsilon_{ij}$ are iid subgaussian ...
7
votes
1answer
247 views

Abstract result on partitions of unity?

A motivation: The classical Stone-Weierstrass theorem says that polynomials are dense among continuous functions (say, on the unit interval), while the abstract Stone-Weierstrass theorem (and also the ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Irreducible monic polynomials

I am looking for criteria for the irreducibility of monic polynomials with constant term $\pm1$ over $\mathbb Q$. Eisenstein's criterion clearly doesn't apply here. For instance, for the family of ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

When is a linear operator on $C^{0,\alpha}(\overline{\Omega})$ a multiplication?

The title says it all, really. Suppose that I have a linear operator $T$ from $C^{0,\alpha}(\bar{\Omega})$ into itself, where $\Omega$ is a smooth bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^d$ (e.g. the unit ball ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

On the principal eigenvector of an elliptic operator

Suppose I have an open domain $U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ and an elliptic operator $L$ acting on all square-integrable $C^2$ functions $\rho:U\to \mathbb{R}$ which converge to zero at $\partial U$: ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Generalizing Integration by parts for general bounded continous measure

Consider a probability measure $d\mu = w(t) dt$ with $w(t)\in L^1(I)$, $I =\left[ 0,1\right]$. What are the minimal assumption I can take on two functions $f,g:I\ \to \mathbb{R}$ so that an ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Universal enveloping algebra functor preserves quasi-isomorphism

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic 0. Let $\mathtt{DGA}_{k}$ denote the category of DG algebras and $\mathtt{DGLA}_{k}$ denote the category of DG Lie algebras. It is well known that there are model ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Does the Nash inequality hold on manifolds with Lipschitz boundary?

Let $N$ be a smooth manifold without boundary of dimension $n$. $M$ is a manifold with Lipschitz boundary if $M \subset N$, $M$ and $N$ are of the same dimension, and in the charts of $N$, the ...
6
votes
4answers
464 views

Minimum negative eigenvalue of zero-one matrices

The following question must have been answered decades ago. For $n$ fixed, what is the most negative eigenvalue among all trace zero zero-one matrices (that is, all entries are either zero or one, ...
7
votes
1answer
168 views

When is a mapping the proximity operator of some convex function?

Is there a characterization of mappings $p : \mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R^n$ which are proximity operators (in the sense of Moreau) of l.s.c (extended) real-valued functions ? That is, given $p : ...
1
vote
2answers
253 views

Maximal subgroups of $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{R})$

I would like to find a list (or at least a description) of the maximal closed connected subgroups of $\mathrm{SL}(n, \mathbb{R})$ , and also of $\mathrm{SU}(p,q)$. In the following MO discussion is ...
1
vote
2answers
295 views

Expository articles on Algebraic Number Theory

I am about to start learning Algebraic Number Theory and thus was looking for some expository articles on this subject. So far I have found two such articles: Dickson, L. E.. (1917). Fermat's Last ...
7
votes
1answer
217 views

Thorough reference on regular homotopy

I would like to learn this topic of algebraic topology but I cannot find a relevant reference to answer my basic questions on the subject (for example, is there a Hurewicz theorem for regular homotopy ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Dual equivalence for multioperators

This is a reference request question. But let's start with a few definitions. Let $L$ and $M$ be two bounded lattices. A multioperator $p$ for $L$ and $M$ is an application $$p : L \to Ft(M)^{op}$$ ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Regarding a conjecture Fogarty proposed

In a paper by Fogarty titled "Algebraic Family On An Algebraic Surface," he conjectured that $\bf Hilb^n(\mathbb P^N)$ is always variety-- reduced and irreducible. Is this still a conjecture; any ...
3
votes
0answers
72 views

Donnelly-Fefferman growth of eigenfunctions

Let $(M, g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold, and let $\lambda^2$, $\varphi_\lambda$ represent eigenvalues and eigenfunctions respectively of the Laplacian $\Delta$, that is, $-\Delta \varphi_\lambda ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

The integral of $\Gamma\left(\zeta\right) \, W_{-\zeta,\mu}(z) $

Someone has a reference that addresses an integral of the followns type $$I_{a,b,x} = \int_{0}^{+\infty} \zeta^{-a} \, \Gamma\left(\zeta+b\right) \, W_{-\zeta-b,\tfrac{-1}{2}}(x) \, d\zeta$$ where ...
2
votes
2answers
225 views

Attaching an ideal whose square is zero: does this operation have a name and a notation?

I know I met the following construction somewhere, but I cannot remember where. Let $A$ be a (unital associative) ring, and let $N$ be an $A$-$A$ bimodule. On the product set $A\times N$ we define ...
4
votes
0answers
107 views

Categories where every Mono Splits

When every epi splits a category is said to satisfy the Axiom of Choice. When every idempotent splits a category is called Cauchy Complete or Idempotent complete. These look to be well-studied ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Want more details about the image of a Maass form in the AIM press release concerning LMFDB

Actually I came upon this through MO a couple of days ago: in here (http://aimath.org/aimnews/lmfdb/) there is a mesmerizing image The caption reads A Maass form, one of the 20 different types ...
5
votes
0answers
152 views

Where can I find Andre's “Cinq exposés sur la désingularisation”?

Many expositions of Popescu's desingularization theorem indicate that an other proof of this theorem can be found in "Cinq exposés sur la désingularisation" by M. Andre, Ecole Polytechnique ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

base point in Heegaard Floer homology

It is stated in Mcduff's overview paper "FLOER THEORY AND LOW DIMENSIONAL TOPOLOGY", end of page 9, that the Heegaard Floer homology without considering a base point depends only on the homology of ...
7
votes
2answers
251 views

Surfaces contained in a ball

In this Paper there is a proof that a closed plane curve of length $L$ and curvature bounded by $K$ can be contained inside a circle of radius $L/4 - (\pi - 2)/2K$. Are there similar results for ...
15
votes
1answer
313 views

Combinatorics problem about sum of natural numbers

Following combinatorics problem is claimed to be an open problem in "The Princeton Companion to Mathematics" (pp. 6) Let $a_1,a_2,a_3,...$ be a sequence of positive integers, and suppose that each ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

What to do about Secondary Results that are of Independent Interest?

I am thinking about writing an online article about a simplified algorithm for a problem $P$, for which efficient solutions are already known, whose implementation is however challenging. My ...
3
votes
0answers
114 views

Reference for the Hodge polynomial or the Hodge Characteristic

What is the first work that studies, refers to, or mentions the Hodge characteristic? The Hodge polynomial is the unique ring homomorphism $$ P_{hdg}:K_0(\mathbf{Var}/\mathbb{C)}\to ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Pfaffian of several skew-linear transformations / matrices

Introduction: Let's assume we have a 2-form $\alpha=(1/2)\sum_{j,k=1}^n a_{jk}\ e_j\wedge e_k$, where $n=2m$, and $a_{jk}\in\mathbb C$. We know that $\alpha^{\wedge ...