This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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4
votes
1answer
68 views

symmetric measurable 2-cocycles on compact abelian groups vanish?

Is the following result true? If it is, could you plese give me a reference for it? Thanks in advance! Let $(G, \mu)$ be any compact abelian group with Haar measure $\mu$ (The case I am interested ...
5
votes
0answers
168 views

Why do Kashiwara and Schapira require a base ring of finite global dimension?

In the book "Sheaves on Manifolds" by Kashiwara and Schapira, they work always with sheaves of $R$-modules, where $R$ is a ring of finite global dimension. Why do they do this, what care ...
5
votes
0answers
122 views

Relationship between the syntomic cohomology of Kato and of Fontaine-Messing

Fix a prime $p$ and let $X$ be a $\mathbb{Z}_{p}$-scheme. Write $X_{n}:=X\otimes\mathbb{Z}/p^{n}$ and $\phi:X_{1}\rightarrow X_{1}$ for the absolute Frobenius. Let $X\hookrightarrow Z$ be a (suitable) ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

“GraphI Individualization” referece request

Context: I am studying Weisfeiler Lehman method(WL method) and have clear idea about 1 and 2 dimensional WL method. I was wondering about the individualization process described below- Defined ...
6
votes
0answers
70 views

Recursions which define polynomials?

Let $k$ be a positive integer and let $$h(n,k,q)=\frac{1-(1+q^{k})q^{2k(n-1)+1}+q^{2}}{1-q^{2n-1}}h(n-1,k,q)-\frac{(1-q^{k(2n-3)})(1-q^{2k(n-1)})q^2}{(1-q^{2n-1})(1-q^{2n-3})}h(n-2,k,q)$$ with ...
10
votes
2answers
373 views

Continued Fractions from Digit Streams

let $x=\sum_{i=1}^{\infty}\delta_i2^{-i},\ \delta_i\in\{0,1\}$. Is there an algorithm that converts the sequence $(\delta_0,\ \delta_1,\ ...)$ of the binary digits of $x$ to the sequence ...
24
votes
2answers
381 views

The coupon collector's earworm

I thank Nicolas Dupont for the following question (and for permission to disseminate it further): I have a playlist with, say, $N$ pieces of music. While using the shuffle option (each such ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

Derivatives of theta functions at zero

Let $L$ be a line bundle over complex elliptic curve, $\deg L = k>0$. Theta functions $$ \theta_s(z;\tau)_k=\sum_{r\in \mathbb{Z}} e^{\pi i [(\frac{s}{k} + r)^2 k \tau + 2kz(\frac{s}{k}+r)]}, ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Locality of homogeneous pseudo-differential operator

Let $P$ be a polynomial in several variables, and let $P(D)$ be the corresponding differential operator. Obviously, $P(D)$ is a local operator, in the sense that I need only to know the function $u$ ...
10
votes
1answer
300 views

How big is the lattice of all functions?

Define the lattice $(\mathcal{L},\prec)$ as the set of all function $f:\mathbb{N}\rightarrow\mathbb{N}$ satisfying $f(n)\leq f(n+1)\leq f(n)+1$, where two functions are considered equal if they differ ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

Natural transformations of $A_\infty$-functors (between dg-categories) are “directed homotopies” (reference?)

Let $\mathbf A$ and $\mathbf B$ be dg-categories over a field, viewed as $A_\infty$-categories. The $A_\infty$-category (actually, dg-category) of strictly unital $A_\infty$-functors $\mathbf A \to ...
4
votes
1answer
149 views
+50

Fair surfaces - general mathematical theory

Fairness measures for surfaces are, in general, functionals containing more complicated terms thatn the usual bending energy, and may depend not only on the mean curvature but also on principal ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Hyperfunctions supported at a point

Is it true that the space of hyperfunctions on $\mathbb{R}^n$ supported at 0 coincides with the space of Schwartz distributions supported at 0? More explicitly, is it true that any hyperfunction ...
-4
votes
0answers
162 views

Has Frucht's theorem been successfully used in inverse Galois theory? [on hold]

Logically, one can associate to any finite extension $K$ of $\mathbb{Q}$ a directed graph describing it. Can such a graph be used together with Frucht's theorem asserting that every finite group is ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Does this notion of “$\mathcal{F}$-digraph” appear in the literature?

By a digraph, I mean a quiver with no multiple edges. So in particular: Loops are okay. An infinite set of vertexes is okay. Furthermore, I will tend to identify each digraph with its underlying ...
9
votes
2answers
619 views

How should a mathematician approach the physics literature concerning percolation?

I would like to read some of the physics literature on two-dimensional percolation, however in attempting this I have run into two problems. (1) Physics papers on percolation are (relatively) hard ...
4
votes
2answers
243 views

Algebras for probability monad

What is the Eilenberg-Moore category for the non-finitary probability distribution monad is, that is, the monad $D \colon \mathbf{Set} \to \mathbf{Set}$ defined by $$ DX = \left\{ p \in [0,1]^X \ ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Scaling properties of the Hölder estimate for heat equation

Lately, I have been interested in scaling properties of parabolic equations, and this question is related to an earlier one I asked about Harnack constants. Let $Q(R) := Q(R^2,R) = B(0, R) \times ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Gluing two diffeomorphisms and then smoothing

This question did not get an adequate answer on math.stackexchange. Let $M_1,M_2$ be two $n$-dimensional closed manifolds and suppose that $M_i=\bar{U}_i^+\cup \bar{U}_i^-$ where $\bar{U}_i^\pm$ are ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Maximum size of a union of incomparable chains

The following question was asked on math.stackexchange, where it received no answers. http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1392669/maximum-size-of-a-union-of-incomparable-chains Let ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

On (universal) additive functors making a given complex contractible: examples?

Let $M=(M^i)$ be a (cohomological) complex of objects of some additive category $A$ (I am mostly interested in "short" complexes; yet one may also consider an unbounded $M$). I am interested in those ...
-1
votes
0answers
47 views

Orbit closures of symmetric bilinear form [migrated]

Let $A$ and $B$ be two real symmetric matrices in $M_n(\mathbb{R})$. I would like to learn about necessary and sufficient conditions for knowing when $B \in \overline{GL_n(\mathbb{R})\cdot A}$; where: ...
16
votes
1answer
310 views

Is there a reference for “computing $\pi$” using external rays of the Mandelbrot set?

I was recently reminded of the following cute fact which I will state as a proposition to fix notation: Proposition Given $\epsilon > 0$, let $c = -3/4 + \epsilon i \in \mathbb{C}$ and $q_c(z) = ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Monotone version of one-dimensional Whitney extension theorem

Is there a version of the Whitney extension theorem that would extend a monotone $C^\infty$ function on a compact subset of $\mathbb R$ (satisfying the usual Whitney's compatibility conditions) to a ...
1
vote
0answers
114 views

Was this particular case of the tube formula known before Weyl and Hotelling?

The tube formula is a really nice result in differential geometry which relates the volume of the tubular neighborhood of a submanifold to its intrinsic geometry. It has been proved by Weyl in 1939 ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Approximation of topological dynamical systems?

I'm trying to find references to approximations of topological dynamical systems in the following sense: A topological dynamical system $(X, f)$ consists of a topological space (typically compact ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Heat equation: impact of the diffusion coefficient on the Harnack constant

Consider the heat equation $$ u_t - div[a(x,t) \nabla u] =0,\quad (x,t) \in B(r) \times [-r^2, 0] \subset \mathbb R^{d+1} $$ for a Hölder continuous coefficient $a(x,t)$ satisfying $$ 0<C_o \le ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Higher dimensional analogue of Ahlfors covering surface theory

It is well known that Ahlfors covering surface theory in one dimensional is very powerful in dealing with many problems. I wonder whether there exists some generalization of this theory into higher ...
1
vote
0answers
153 views

Stone-Cech compactification of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and smooth functions

I am currently attending a course where we are now covering the Stone-Cech compactification. Today we proved in some detail that extensions of bounded smooth functions on $\mathbb{R}^n$ to ...
6
votes
0answers
146 views

rigidity of $\mathcal P(\omega_1) / NS$ under MA

In Woodin's book, Lemma 5.100 asserts that if $MA_{\omega_1}$ holds and there is an $\omega_2$-saturated ideal $I$ on $\omega_1$, then $\mathcal P(\omega_1)/I$ is a rigid boolean algebra, meaning it ...
2
votes
0answers
234 views

A variant frobenius problem

From Sylvester's theorem we know that using only coins of sizes $a,b$, we can change exactly $\frac{(a-1)(b-1)}2$ different big coins up to $(a-1)(b-1)$. Denote sets ...
4
votes
2answers
108 views

Expected Cardinality of the First n Coefficients of a Continued Fraction

Is there anything known about the asymptotic expected growth of $card\{a_0,a_1,...,a_n\}$, where the $a_i$ are the first $n$ coefficient of a continued fraction $[a_0; a_1, ... ]$?
2
votes
1answer
212 views

Training towards research on k3 surfaces

I am a graduate student learning basic algebraic geometry (from Hartshorne, Shafarevich). I'm planning to work in k3 surfaces (arithmetic and geometric properties, in my guide's words). I came to know ...
2
votes
0answers
86 views

About a (new?) definition of transformation (anti.transformation) as a link between natural and dinatural transformations

This is not a hard topic, but I post here as "reference request" or because elementary aspects (but not previously vocalized) can be interesting too for researchers. Given $F: \mathscr{A}\to ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Paper of Boutot-Carayol in `Courbes modulaires et courbes de Shimura'

I am trying to obtain a copy of the following J.-F. Boutot and H. Carayol, Uniformisation p-adique des courbes de Shimura: les théorèmes de Čerednik et de Drinfel'd , Astérisque No. 196-197 ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Reference/proof for parabolic Holder spaces property

Suppose that a function $u:[0,1]\times[0,T]\to\mathbb{R}$ belongs to the parabolic Holder space $C^{2+\alpha,1+\alpha/2}$, for $\alpha\in(0,1)$. What can be said about $u_x=\partial_x u$? I am not ...
6
votes
0answers
160 views

Criteria for irreducibility using the location of complex roots

I would like to see criteria for the irreducibility of a polynomial over $\mathbb{Z}$ based (mainly) on the location of the roots of the polynomial in the complex plane. An example of such a criterion ...
10
votes
2answers
503 views

What's a good introduction to category theory for someone doing analysis?

I do functional analysis, and diagrams are popping all over the place. It is about time I learned me some category theory. Any recommendations?
4
votes
0answers
153 views

Open questions in “Spin geometry”

This is a very naive question. I have the impression that the area of "Spin geometry" is not an active research field. Sure Spin geometry is used in many different branches of mathematics and physics ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

Generalizing disjointness

The following definition generalizes set-theoretic disjointess: Definition 0. (Autonomy). Given a Lawvere theory $\mathsf{T}$, a $\mathsf{T}$-algebra $X$, and an indexed family $S$ of subalgebras ...
5
votes
2answers
107 views

Reference to iterated logarithm law and Smirnov law of empirical CDF

I am reading V. Vapnik's "Statistical Learning Theory". The author layouts following two statistical laws related to empirical CDF. I am looking for reference about proofs on these two laws. Let ...
6
votes
1answer
109 views

Radon transform between affine grassmannians

Let $\overline{GR}(n,k)$ be the manifold of all affine k-dimensional subspaces in $R^n$, and let $R:C^{\infty}_c(\overline{GR}(n,k))\to C^{\infty}_c(\overline{GR}(n,l))$, $0\le k<l\le n-1$, be the ...
6
votes
0answers
168 views

The p-adic valuation of a linear recurrence

Let $(u_n)_{n \geq 0}$ be an integer-valued linear recurrence of order $k \geq 1$. Precisely, $$u_n = a_1 u_{n-1} + \cdots + a_k u_{n - k} \quad \forall n \geq k ,$$ for some $a_1, \ldots, a_k \in ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

One question about the tensor product of $L^1(G)$ and a Banach space $A$

We know that the tensor product of $L^1(G)$ and a Banach space $A$ is isometric to $L^1(G, A)$, the space of all Bochner-integrable $A$-valued functions on a locally compact group $G$. I am looking ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

What results exist for functions with regionally fluctuant fractal dimension?

I'm interested in functions that have a varying fractal dimension at different scales and/or regions. Has this been investigated in detail? I'd be interested in results and references in this area of ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Reference request: Strong Connectivity and the Incidence Matrix

Question: What would be a good reference for characterizations of strong connectivity of a digraph in terms of its incidence matrix? Details: Consider a digraph $(V, E)$ with vertex set $$V = ...
9
votes
1answer
249 views

Adding inverses to a symmetric monoidal category (Reference?)

As we all know, the forgetful functor $\mathsf{Ab} \to \mathsf{CMon}$ from abelian groups to commutative monoids has a left adjoint, the Grothendieck group. I would like to categorify this ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Group of real analytic isometries of $g$-fold product of the Poincare upper half plane

Let $\mathfrak{h}^g$ be the cartesian product of $g$ copies of the Poincare upper half plane. We endow $\mathfrak{h}^g$ with the usual Poincare metric given in local coordinates by $ds^2=\sum_{i=1}^g ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Error Bounds for Approximation with Dyadic Sums of Polynomials

are there any bounds known for approximating a genuine multidimensional polynomial function with a sum one-dimensional polynomials over the independent variables? In the twodimensional case the ...
4
votes
2answers
191 views

Well-complemented copies of $\ell_p^n$

This must be surely known but I couldn't locate this problem in the literature. It popped out in a priori unrelated approximation problem but if true, would help me greatly. Let $p\in (1,\infty)$. ...