# Tagged Questions

This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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### Have axioms / axiom schemata of this flavour been proposed or otherwise considered?

With the exception of a few miscellaneous cases, the axioms (and/or schemeta) of ZFC can roughly be divided into two kinds:
Those that guarantee the existence of more complicated sets, given that ...

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21 views

### Concurrency related problems in $n$ independent, parallel $M/M/1$ queues

Model:
Consider $n$ independent, parallel $M/M/1$ queues with identical arrival rates $\lambda$ and service rates $\mu$. For each $M/M/1$ queue, we use the FCFS (First Come First Served) discipline ...

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**1**answer

87 views

### Proof of existence of recursively inaccessible and Mahlo ordinals

As in title - I'm looking for a proof of the existence of a countable recursively inaccessible or recursively Mahlo ordinals, especially the first one. When looking for it in all the papers I stumbled ...

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**1**answer

95 views

### Which complete lattices arise as images of the Galois connections induced by binary relations?

Any binary relation $R\subseteq X\times Y$ gives rise to a Galois connection between the powersets of $X$ and $Y$ in a well known way (on MO you can see it e. g. in this answer; in fact, such Galois ...

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418 views

### Properties to have matrices that commute in $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$

Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$, $A,B \in G$ whose eigenvalues are thus in the unit circle.
Assume that the eigenvalues of $A$ are included in a circle arc of ...

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88 views

### Parabolic bundles on elliptic curves

as a warm up for his thesis I would like a student of mine to read something on parabolic bundles. He is reading the famous Atiyah paper on vector bundles on elliptic curves, so I think it would be ...

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58 views

### Reference request: has this semilinear version of Navier Stokes been studied?

I have noticed that the
Navier Stokes equations can be written as a semilinear symmetric first
order system
$$
u_t+A_1u_{x_1}+A_2u_{x_2}+A_3u_{x_3} = f(u)
$$
for a 9 by 1 vector $u$ containing the ...

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135 views

### What is the Essential Reason that allows a PTAS for the EUCLIDEAN TSP?

Questions:
Is there some understanding of the reason, why the euclidean TSP allows a PTAS, whereas the metric TSP in general does not and, is the PTAS stable under sufficiently small perturbation ...

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148 views

### Generalization of notion of convexity

I am searching for the correct term for the following, if it exists.
A set $X\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is called $r$-convex if for any two points $x_1, x_2\in X$ such that there exists an arc of radius ...

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123 views

### Properties of the time integral of Wiener process

Let $W_t$ be a Wiener process and consider the time integral
$$ X_T:= \int_0^T W_t dt $$
It is often mentionend in literature that $X_T$ is a Gaussian
with mean 0 and variance $T^3/6$.
I am ...

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83 views

### Jacobian change of basis matrix for different dimensions

I am considering a real Lie group $G$ acting transitively on an open set $U$ in a real Euclidean space of lower dimension. Given a smooth, compactly supported function $f: U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ ...

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81 views

### Could one recover the relative K-theory from the quotient derived category?

Let $A\to B$ be a full embedding of exact categories that induces an embedding $D^b(A)\to D^b(B)$. My question is: what can one say about the relation of the homotopy cofibre $K(A)\to K(B)$ (the ...

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101 views

### Where are there defined objects between gerbes and bundle gerbes?

Consider a special kind of/something like a gerbe where there is first given local trivialization data with equivalence over 2-fold overlaps but not isomorphism.
Does this exist in the literature?

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63 views

### K-theory of ringed spaces (including henselian and formal schemes); excision and Mayer-Vietoris

Given a ringed topological space $S$ one can easily define its K and K'-theory as the K-theories of the categories of locally free sheaves and of the category of coherent sheaves on it, respectively. ...

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83 views

### $SL(n) \times SL(n)$-invariants of $m$-tuples of matrices

I work over field of complex numbers. Let $G=SL(n) \times SL(n)$, and $(A,B) \in G$ acts on $m$-tuples of matrices $M_{n \times n}(\mathbb{C})^{\oplus m}$ as follows
$$
(A,B) \cdot (M_1, \ldots, M_m) ...

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68 views

### When were bordered Heegaard Floer homology's DA bimodules invented?

This is less of a strictly mathematical question and more of a reference request.
In their paper "Bordered Heegaard Floer Homology (http://arxiv.org/pdf/0810.0687.pdf)," Lipshitz-Ozsvath-Thurston ...

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229 views

### What year was Hechler forcing created?

Hechler forcing is described on page 278, Jech.
Does anyone know when Hechler forcing was first used in a publication?

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187 views

### Universal property of module categories over monads

Let $T$ be a monad on a cocomplete category $\mathcal{C}$. Let's assume that $T$ preserves reflexive coequalizers (or something weaker?). Then the category of $T$-modules $\mathsf{Mod}(T)$ is ...

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77 views

### Extremal graph theory for directed graphs

In extremal graph theory, there are results such as
$$t(C_4,G)\geq t(K_2,G)^4,$$
where $G$ is an undirected graph, $C_4$ is a cycle graph on 4 nodes, $K_2$ is a complete graph of $2$ nodes, and ...

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76 views

### Is there inverse FFT algorithm for Fourier transform of a integer-valued random variable?

In many applications, it is possible to derive an explicit expression for the
Fourier transform of a random variable $X$
$$\varphi (\theta ) = \sum\limits_{n = 0}^\infty {{p_n}} {e^{in\theta }}$$
...

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84 views

### Reference for Frobenius’s proof of Schur’s finite version of the Rogers - Ramanujan identities

In his paper “Ein Beitrag zur additiven Zahlentheorie und zur Theorie der Kettenbrüche” I. Schur has stated that Frobenius has communicated to him a simple direct proof of his finite version of the ...

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41 views

### First-countable topological monoids without local absorbing elements whose topology is induced by a semimetric

This is a follow up of Question 163246. For the reader's convenience, let me first copy&paste some basic definitions.
We let a semimetric on a set $X$ be a function $d: X \times X \to [0,\infty]$ ...

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73 views

### Comparison of K-groups of (affine) singular schemes with K'=G-groups

It is well known that Quillen K-theory coincides with $K'=G$-theory for regular schemes, and can be distinct from it for singular ones. Are there any methods for studying this distinctions? In ...

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62 views

### Cancellations in products of two elements of a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a non-abelian free group with the standard generating set and the corresponding word metric. If we take two elements $g,h\in G$ and compute their product $gh$, some letters might cancel, ...

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95 views

### On the geometry of roots of a sum of complex linear fractions

I was wondering if there is anything known about the geometry (position) of the roots of a rational map of the form
$$R(z):= \sum_{j=1}^{n} \frac{a_j}{z-p_j},$$
where the $a_j$'s are nonzero complex ...

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61 views

### Reference Request: Algebraic Serre's Duality Theorem for Curves

Serre's Duality Theorem is well known and well studied and, as far as I know, there is a "big" algebraic proof for the general case, which is now kind of standard, and can be found in Hartshorne ...

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176 views

### Bruhat order and Schubert cycles

I am looking for a good (textbook) reference for the basic fact (due to Chevalley) that for every semisimple Lie group $G$ (without compact factors) with Weyl group $W$, the Bruhat order on $W$ ...

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58 views

### Reference request: Heat kernel regularity near the boundary

Let $D$ be a domain in $\mathbb{R^d}$ and $p(t,x,y)$ be the heat kernel of $D$ (for the Dirichlet problem). I was told that if the boundary of $D$ is real-analytic, then the function $y\mapsto ...

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161 views

### References for von Neumann Algebras

I have some -possibly- simple but broad questions: Where to begin the study of von Neumann Algebras? Which are the important questions in the field that guide current research? I'm interested in ...

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63 views

### reference request: trace/lifting operator for $L^{\infty}$ data in bounded $\Omega\subset R^d$

I know the answer to my question must be somewhere in the literature. Probably in [Adams-Fournier], [Dautray-Lions] or something alike, but I don't have access to a library right now so I'll ask ...

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147 views

### If $(\mathbb M, \tau)$ is a topological monoid, is $\tau$ always induced by a [left] subinvariant semimetric?

Let me start by recalling some basic definitions (just for the sake of avoiding misunderstandings due to the vocabulary of the post).
Basically following some ideas of W. Lawvere (but not his ...

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362 views

### Different approaches to the multiverse of sets

There are some different approaches to the multiverse of sets, in particular:
1) The approach by Woodin,
2) The approach by Sy Friedman, ...,
3) The approach by Hamkins.
I wonder to know if ...

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61 views

### Laplacian matrix of a graph with negative weights

I am trying to calculate the Laplacian and Adjacency matrix of a graphs for positive and negative weights. If a graph be simple with only non-negative weight it is easier. But in my graph I have some ...

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57 views

### Genericity of maps which are transverse when restricted to a submanifold

Let $M$ and $N$ be smooth manifolds, and $A\subset M$, $B\subset N$ be smooth embedded submanifolds. I am looking for a reference for a theorem on the following lines:
The set of smooth maps $h\in ...

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228 views

### Reference for $p$-adic Hodge theory with coefficients

Let $K$ be a $p$-adic field and $L$ be a finite or infinite extension (maybe algebraic ?) of $\mathbb{Q}_p$.
Is there a reference for $p$-Hodge theory for representations $\rho : Gal_K \rightarrow ...

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403 views

+50

### Continued fraction representation of Zeta

A question at math.SE is asking for references. The fraction is quite nice! Check it out and post some references if you know of any.
I found this at arxiv, but it doesn't apply to Zeta.

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51 views

### Bases of a matroid such that their complement is an independent set

Let $M$ be some matroid on $[n]$ with set of bases $\mathcal{B}$. I am interested in the subset $\mathcal{B}' \subseteq \mathcal{B}$ of bases $b \in \mathcal{B}$ with the property that $[n] \setminus ...

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253 views

### How to prove $\mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to \infty } \sum\limits_{{f_x}(p) = 1} {\frac{1}{p}} = \ln 2$ for $p \le x$?

Let ${f_x}(m) = \sum\limits_{\left. p \right|m} {{f_x}(p)}$ be a
strongly additive function on positive integer number $m$, where $p$ is a prime number. Set
$${f_x}(p) = \left\{ ...

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179 views

### Literature on “real” $C^*$-algebras

I am trying to get a better understanding of "real" $C^*$-algebras. I encountered them in the paper
D. Voiculescu, Dual algebraic structures, J. Operator Theory 17(1987), 85-98,
which cites
G.G. ...

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295 views

### Applications of SCH outside of set theory

Recall that the Singular Cardinals Hypothesis (SCH) says that if $\kappa$ is a singular cardinal and $2^{cf(\kappa)}<\kappa,$ then $\kappa^{cf(\kappa)}=\kappa^+.$ Clearly it has many applications ...

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69 views

### Exposition of the Calabi complex

I am interested in a complex derived by Eugenio Calabi in his article "On compact Riemannian manifolds with constant curvature".
The complex is referenced as "Calabi complex" in various citing ...

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97 views

### Generalized permutahedron and random polytopes

The Birkhoff polytope $B_n$ is defined as the convex hull of the set of permutation matrices, which gives us the set of doubly stochastic matrices. A concept which is intimately related is that of the ...

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130 views

### Embedding a linearly ordered free monoid into a linearly ordered group

A linearly ordered (shortly, l.o.) monoid is a triple $\mathbb M = (M, \cdot, \le)$ for which $(M, \cdot)$ is a (multiplicatively written) monoid and $\le$ is a total order on $M$ such that $xy < ...

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328 views

### Looking for paper: The Cauchy integral by M. Privalov

I am looking for a paper titled The Cauchy integral by M. Privalov (Saratov, 1919).
The paper is written in Russian. It is being cited (for instance) by A. Kolmogorov in the paper Sur les fonctions ...

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350 views

### Reference for Kronecker-Weyl theorem in full generality

The Kronecker-Weyl theorem asserts the following: fix real numbers $\theta_1,\dots,\theta_d$, and consider the infinite ray $t(\theta_1,\dots,\theta_d)$ $(t\in\Bbb R)$ inside the $d$-dimensional torus ...

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**1**answer

240 views

### Looking for paper: Weil's original 1952 “Sur les formules explicites de la théorie des nombres premiers”

I am looking for a source (preferably online) for Weil's original 1952 paper on the explicit formula. I am aware of an english translation available here, but would like to have access to the original ...

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462 views

### Conjugation Quandles and… “Quandle-Groups”? From quandles to Groups

This question is already asked MathSE
A quandle $(Q,*,/ )$ is a idempotent right-distributive and right invertible structure.
1) $a*a=a$
2) $(a*b)*c=(a*c)*(b*c)$
3) $(a*b) ...

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81 views

### Bicategorical limits with parameters

(This question was asked in http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/741334/bicategorical-limits-with-parameters with no answer.)
Let $F(-,-)\colon \mathcal{A}\times \mathcal{B}\to \mathcal{C}$ be a ...

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**1**answer

157 views

### Classical theory for the incompressible Euler equation (reference request)

I have recently been interested in the incompressible Euler equation, but since I am new to the topic, I would like to inquire what are the standard sources/references (for self-study) regarding the ...

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99 views

### Algebraic construction of the modular representation of $\mathrm{SL}_2(\hat{\mathbf Z})$

The answer to this question is probably to be found in the theory of automorphic forms, but (I don't know much about it and consequently) after some tries, I did not catch it. Thus I'd be grateful if ...