This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

**5**

votes

**2**answers

165 views

### A. Markov's papers?

A. Markov published several papers on his chains, starting in 1906, so it is written, in the journal:
(1) Извѣстія Физико-математического общества при Казанском университете
I am surprised by the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

125 views

### Textbook for Partial Differential Equations with a viewpoint towards Geometry

I don't know whether I should ask this question here or not but I asked this question on MSE but didn't get any answer so I am posting it here.
Though similar questions have been asked at ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

87 views

### How to “lift” a transitive group action on a manifold?

Let $M=G/H$ be a homogeneous manifold, with $G$ connected Lie group. Suppose that $\widetilde{M}$ is a covering of $M$.
QUESTION: is there a general prescription to obtain a Lie group ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### Why is the inverse of a bijective rational map rational?

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a bijective rational map of an open dense subset $X$ of $\mathbb{C}\times\mathbb{C}$ onto an open dense subset $Y$ of $\mathbb{C}\times\mathbb{C}$. How to prove that the inverse map ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Varieties with Chow groups supported in positive codimension: examples and properties?

In their 1983 paper "Remarks on correspondences and algebraic cycles" Bloch and Srinivas proved several interesting properties of smooth proper varieties (over universal domains) whose Chow groups of ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

674 views

### The impact of large cardinals in mathematics [on hold]

What are the main applications of large cardinals in ordinary mathematics, and what is the philosophy behind using them. In particular:
Question 1. What is the philosophy behind accepting large ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

154 views

### A question about transitivity

Recently in something that I'm studying, I needed to know if the following map is transitive: $\sigma: M^{\mathbb{N}}\to M^{\mathbb{N}}$ the unilateral shift, where $M$ is a uncountable compact metric ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Finite characteristic splitting fields of low degree polynomials [on hold]

Let $f(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ be a polynomial. Let $f_p(x) \in \mathbb{Z}_p[x]$ denote the polynomial $f \bmod{p}$ (where $p$ is a prime). We say $p$ is good for $f$ if $f_p(x)$ splits (into linear ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

94 views

### Why $D^b(S)\cong D^b_{\text{Car}}(\text{cosq}(X\rightarrow S))$?

Let $p: X\rightarrow S$ be a map between topological spaces and we can construct the simplicial space $\text{cosq}(X\rightarrow S)$ where $X_0=X$, $X_1=X\times_S X$ and
$$
X_n=\underbrace{ X\times_S ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

16 views

### Wavelet transform stability to deformations

I've come across the following claim in a paper of Mallat:
"High frequency instabilities [of a signal representation] to deformations can be avoided by grouping frequencies into dyadic packets in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

70 views

### Morita Equivalence of Full Corners in $C^*$-algebras

Suppose $\mathcal{A}$ is a $C^*$-algebra with a unique normalized trace and $p \in \mathcal{A}$ is a projection so that $\mathcal{B} = p\mathcal{A}p$ is a full corner.
Does $\mathcal{B}$ have a ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

331 views

### Special values of $\zeta$ outside the real line and the critical strip

The values of Riemann's function at the integers have been extensively studied. I was wondering, is there anything interesting known (or conjectured) to happen arithmetically outside the real line ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Graphics for the Whitehouse simplicial complexes ( related to inversion and moduli spaces)?

Are there some decent graphics for the Whitehouse simplicial complex of sixth order, or some type of dual, or other rep (positive Bergman complexes of complete graphs (?)) that would help to visualize ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

103 views

### Strong Dependence

I don't know if this definition has been already given.
Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are two random variables over finite alphabets $\mathcal{X}$ and $\mathcal{Y}$. We say $Y$ is strongly dependent on $X$ if ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Do the terms of an iid sequence whose law has infinite expected value necessarily exceed the partial sums of the sequence infinitely often?

Let $\mu$ be a probability measure on $(0,\infty)$, and let $(\mathbf X_n)_1^\infty$ be a sequence of independent $\mu$-distributed random variables. Fix $\kappa > 0$, and consider
A) $\int x \; ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

141 views

### pencil of quadrics consisting of singular quadrics

A pencil $l$ of quadrics in $\mathbb{P}^4_{<x_0,\cdots,x_4>}$ consists of singular quadrics only if:
(1) quadrics in $l$ have a common singular point; or
(2) quadrics in $l$ contain a common ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

155 views

### Holomorphic vector bundles over $\mathbb{CP}^1$ and elliptic curves

Can anyone suggest a good exposition of the classification of holomorphic vector bundles over $\mathbb{CP}^1$? Also does there exist any analytic or more elementary proof of Atiyah's classification of ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Derivation of Blattner's conjecture in the Beilinson-Bernstein picture

On the last page of Schmid's article "Discrete Series", he says
"In the Beilinson-Bernstein picture, discrete series modules are attached to closed $K$-orbits in $X$... the $K_{\mathbb R}$-structure ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

362 views

### Is there a generalized Birkhoff ergodic theorem?

Is there a Birkhoff ergodic theorem for two measure preserving transformations $T$ and $S$ where $S\circ T= T \circ S$ so that $\frac{1}{n+1}\frac{1}{m+1}\sum_{i=0}^{n}\sum_{j=0}^{m}f \circ T^{i}\circ ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

526 views

### Is there an analog of the Birch/Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture for abelian varieties in higher dimensions?

I am wondering if there is a multi-dimensional analog of the
Birch/Swinnerton-Dyer (BSD) conjecture.
The recent famous result inching toward resolution of that conjecture is:
Bhargava, Manjul, and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Reference request: Optimal $L^p$-decay for nonhomogenous heat equation in $\mathbb R^d$

Let $u$ be a classical solution for the nonhomogeneous heat equation in $\mathbb R_+ \times\mathbb R^d$:
$$
\begin{cases}
\partial_tu(t,x)-\Delta u(t,x) = f(t,x), \\
u(0,x)=u_0(x).
\end{cases}
$$
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

163 views

### The unit tangent bundle of 2- or 4-manifolds as a principal $S^{1}$- or $S^{3}$-bundle

What type of obstructions have been studied so that the unit tangent bundle of a Riemannian 2-(4-)manifold have a structure of a principal $S^{1}$-($S^{3}$-)bundle?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### Conics over number fields

I am looking for a reference for the following fact.
Let $k$ be a number field and let $S$ be a finite set of places of $k$ of even cardinality. Then there exists a unique conic $C$ over $k$ such ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Questions about transformation or integral transformation

I have asked several mathematicians about the following questions,but all of them think they are good questions,but can not give a complete answer.Now I have to come here to ask mathematicians all ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### $C^0$ estimate for solutions of elliptic PDE with Neumann BC

I am interested in a reference for (or counterexample to) a particular
$C^0$ estimate for solutions of the Laplace equation with Neumann
boundary conditions. More precisely, let $(M,g)$ be a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

59 views

### Books on the analysis of hyperbolic partial differential equations

Most of the present books on pde analysis deal with the elliptic partial differential equations. Is there some book related to rigorous analysis with hyperbolic pdes, and especially hyperbolic systems ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Name of a difference of continuants

I am getting ready to publish the manuscript
http://arxiv.org/pdf/1408.4631v2.pdf
and I am trying to do due diligence on a quantity I study before it gets published. (This is cross-posted from ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

70 views

### Background for Kierstead terms

I was looking at some slides of John Longley's here, where he mentions "the Kierstead functional"
$$\lambda f.f(\lambda x.f(\lambda y.x)) \ ,$$
(where $f$ should be of type $2$, and $x,y$ of ground ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

50 views

### Bounds re Asymptotic Formula for the Sum of Largest Prime Factors

I have a reference request related to the result :
$\sum_{n=2}^{x} P(n)$ ~ $\frac{\pi^2}{12}\frac{x^{2}}{log(x)}$ as $x \rightarrow \infty$
where $P(n)$ is the largest prime factor of the positive ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

331 views

### on the center of a Lie group

I'm trying to set straight my various pieces of knowledge about the center of a compact Lie group, and I'm running in circles...
First some definitions:
• Let $G$ be compact, simple, and simply ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### birational classification of rationally connected 3-folds

What is the birational classification of (smooth projective) rationally connected 3-folds (over algebraically closed fields of characteristic $0$ or even $\mathbf{C}$, if $\mathrm{char}(k) = p > ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Question on the partial differential equations in complex space

As is known most of the theory now developed for partial differential equations is in the real space, especially function space like Sobolev space, BMO space, $L^p$ space, etc. However is there some ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Constructing sums of squares identities

Recall that a sum of squares formula for $[r,s,n]$ over a field $F$ is an identity of the form
$$ ( x_{1}^{2} + \cdots + x_{r}^{2})( y_{1}^{2} + \cdots + y_{s}^{2})
= ( z_{1}^{2} + \cdots + ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

79 views

### Complexity of Untwisting Polygons

What is the complexity of the following task:
given a sequence $p_1, ..., p_n, p_1$ that defines a closed polyline in the euclidean plane,
what is the complexity of finding a reordering of the points, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Diophantine approximation in $\mathbb{G}_m^r$ with approximants restricted to a finiteley generated subgroup

Faltings, in the same paper (Diophantine approximation on abelian varieties, Ann. Math. 1991) in which he proved his famous ``big theorem,'' proved also that at any place $v$ of a number field $K$ and ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### On a weak tree property for inaccessible cardinals

Suppose that $\kappa$ is inaccessible and consider a tree of height $\kappa$ whose levels have size strictly below some cardinal $\gamma < \kappa$. Does this type of tree always have a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

45 views

### Asymptotic decay for the inhomogeneous Schrödinger equation

Let $H$ be an Schrödinger operator $(-\Delta+V(x))$ with a radially symmetric and smooth potential and $H$ is e.s.a. on $C^\infty_0(\mathbb{R}^n)$, furthermore let $\lambda$ be an element of the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

128 views

### L-function of twist

I'd like to ask the following easy question, since I can't find a reference.
Let $X/\mathbb{Q}$ a smooth projective variety. How does one express the $L$-function of the twist, $L(H^i(X)(r), s)$ in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

130 views

### Solution or Reference Request for a Closed Form of the Sum

I have been working for quite a while on finding a closed formula for the Legendre Symbol. Inspite of my best efforts I can't come anything better with a formula for the symbol ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

196 views

### Learning roadmap in Algebra [closed]

I am a senior undergraduate student in mathematics, I have a sound knowledge in the following areas:
a) Commutative Algebra
b) Field Theory and Galois Theory
c) Homological Algebra
My question is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Inequality due to Siegel (assumptions) and upper bounds on number field discriminants

In Siegel's 1969 paper, Abschätzung von Einheiten, on page 73, he states the inequality
$$\log\sqrt d\le n-1+{n\over 2}\log\pi+r_2\log 2\qquad (*)$$
and compares with the bound due to Minkowski that
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

46 views

### Reference for finite number of Weyl groups of reductive groups of rank $r$

I'm posting this question on behalf of someone without access to mathoverflow:
Can anybody give me a reliable reference (not a proof) to the following statement?
Up to isomorphism, there are only ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

153 views

### Davenport's proof that almost all integers are the sum of 4 cubes

Where can I find a pdf that describes Davenport's proof that almost all integers are the sum of $4$ cubes?

**2**

votes

**2**answers

326 views

### Is there a von Koch-type theorem for the generalized Riemann hypothesis?

Helge von Koch proved in 1901 that the Riemann hypothesis is equivalent to the error term in the prime number theorem having the bound
$$
\mid\pi(x)-\textrm{li}(x)\mid=O(\sqrt{x} \log x).
$$
Q1: ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### Partial differential Equation over characteristic p

I want some references on partial differential equations over characteristic $p$. If we have a first order partial differential equation, how can we check whether there exists polynomials or rational ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

26 views

### Finding the source for minimizer of a functional for all $C^2$-curve $x(t_0)=x_0$ and $x(t_1)=x_1$

I am trying to find where this problem comes from and its corresponding proof for my students, but I cannot find the source anywhere. If anyone can find the source of this, or has any ideas where I ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### What is known about the distribution of eigenvectors of random matrices?

Let $A$ be a real asymmetric $n \times n$ matrix with i.i.d. random, zero-mean elements. What results, if any, are there for the eigenvectors of $A$? In particular:
How are individual eigenvectors ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### F-splitting and F-purity from commutative algebra viewpoint

First I define two terms:
Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity,let char$R$ = $p$, let $F:R\rightarrow R$ be the Frobenius ring homomorphism. This makes $R$ into an $R$-module with respect to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Reference for Hodge decomposition

Let $U$ be a bounded open subset of $\mathbb{R}^d$ with Lipschitz boundary, and $g \in L^2(U,\mathbb{R}^d)$ be a solenoidal vector field (i.e. $\nabla \cdot g = 0$). Then $g$ can be written in the ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

321 views

### Does this simple inequality have a name?

Let $x_{1},\ldots,x_{n}$ be nonnegative numbers such that $m \leq x_{i} \leq M$. Let
$$
S=\sum_{i=1}^{n}{x_{i}}
$$
and
$$
Q=\sum_{i=1}^{n}{x_{i}^{2}}.
$$
Then
$$
Q \leq S(M+m)-nMm.
$$
This has ...