This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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9
votes
0answers
60 views

Unstable homotopy groups of spheres beyond Toda's range

In 1962 Toda published his book "Composition methods in homotopy groups of spheres", which contains computations of $\pi_{n+k}(S^n)$ for $k\le 19$ and $n\le 20$. The values of these groups are ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

finding dominating cycles in $2K_2$-free graphs

A cycle in a connected graph $G$ is called dominating if its complement is an independent set. H.J. Veldman proved in 1983 (Disc. Math. v.43, 281-96) a general result that in particular implies that a ...
4
votes
1answer
207 views

Cap product à la Poincaré

Recently, it became apparent to me that I was not the only one who always first thought in terms of cap product before actually computing a cup product. There is no denying this is evil, but I found ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Reference : Special case of Banach-valued function integration by parts

Let $u \in L^p (0,T; L^1(\Omega))$ with $\partial_t u \in L^p(0,T; L^1(\Omega))$ and $v \in L^q (0,T; L^\infty(\Omega))$ with $\partial_t u \in L^q(0,T; L^\infty(\Omega))$ (with $1/p+1/q=1$ and $p \in ...
7
votes
0answers
92 views

Is every projective space curve a set-theoretic intersection of two surfaces? What is known about this question?

I am sorry if this question has been already asked, couldn't find anything similar myself. I have recently recalled this long standing open problem of whether every curve in $\mathbb{P}^3(\mathbb{C})$ ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Any two bivariate algebraically dependent polynomials are always in the same ring generated by some bivariate polynomial?

If $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ are two algebraically dependent polynomials over some field $k$, is it true that there exists a bivariate polynomial $p(x,y)$ such that both $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ are in the ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

System of linear first order PDE with constant coefficients

recently in my researches I've come across the following operator $$L\left(\begin{array}{c} a_1\\ \vdots\\ a_n \end{array}\right)=M_1\left(\begin{array}{c} ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

union of planes in the positive grassmannian

Let $\mathbb{G}=\mathbb{G}(k,n)$ be the (real) Grassmannian of $k$-dimensional subspaces of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and let $\mathbb{G}^+\subseteq \mathbb{G}$ be the subset of all subspaces with strictly ...
11
votes
4answers
459 views

Zeros of the derivative of Riemann's $\xi$-function

The Riemann xi function $\xi(s)$ is defined as $$ \xi(s)=\frac12 s(s-1)\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s). $$ It is an entire function whose zeros are precisely those of $\zeta(s)$. Since $\xi$ is real ...
4
votes
1answer
453 views

textbooks on modern algebraic geometry for 21st-century starters

As for learners in algebraic geometry in 21st century, is there a textbook, lecture note or anything like that to introduce algebraic geometry utilizing the language of derived categories and stacks? ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Reference request: Superconformal algebra

I am looking for references that deal with the basics of $\mathcal{N=1,2}$ superconformal algebras in 2D, their representations and applications to physics, in particular I want to read about spectral ...
27
votes
1answer
574 views

Producing finite objects by forcing!

It is a trivial fact that forcing can not produce finite sets of ground model objects. However there are situations, where we can use forcing to prove the existence of finite objects with some ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Smooth unit vector field on a tetrahedron to interpolate vertex constraints

For a tetrahedron $T\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ with vertices $r_i\in \mathbb{R}^3$ , $i=1,\ldots,4$, and unit vectors $u_i\in \mathbb{S}^2$ at each vertex $i=1,\ldots,4$ consider the (energy) functional ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Better version of “Monotonicity methods in Hilbert spaces and some applications to nonlinear PDEs..”

I am asking whether any one knows of a better source for the text Monotonicity methods in Hilbert spaces and some applications to nonlinear partial differential equations by H. Brezis which I ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Reason for the Choice of Line Parameters in the Radon Transform

Why are the lines, over which the integrals in a Radon Transform are calculated, apparently always parameterized as $L(t,\phi,\alpha) := ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

Good Pre-Calculus book? [on hold]

I was reading this article and the author mentioned I should come here and get some advice. I'm 17, currently taking Pre-Calc in high schooling doing really good, but I feel like I'm not getting the ...
0
votes
0answers
119 views

On a paper by Yoneda [on hold]

The reason why I asked this previous question was gathering some informations for the note on coend calculus I've just (almost) finished. Unfortunately, I'm still unable to retrieve the original ...
-1
votes
0answers
163 views

Please help me to find a paper by J. Wu [on hold]

I am looking for the following paper: J. Wu, Combinatorial descriptions of the homotopy groups of certain spaces, Math. Proc. Camb. Philos. Soc. 130 (2001), 489-513. Many thanks for helping me ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

Parallel Ricci condition - Status report and bibliography

First I'd like to point out that I'm not a mathematician but a physicist. Dealing with a (hopefully) new affine theory of gravity we have find that the equation of motion are not the usual Einstein's ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

Reference request for non-commutative analogues of exterior algebras

I am reading Combinatorial Group Theory In Homotopy Theory I by Fred Cohen (preprint available on web page). Here is an extract of the paper: Cohen called $A^R_n$ "a standard tool used in ...
0
votes
2answers
254 views

A sum-of-determinants identity [closed]

I posed a terser version of this question on math.stackexchange.com and after 24 hours I get only a comment on a detail of notation and neither votes nor answers. Suppose ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Regularity of Schrödinger Resolvent

The following problem keeps bothering me: Let $H:=-\Delta+V$ be a Schrödinger-Operator in $\mathbb{R}^n$, where $V$ is a Kato-Potential of type $K_n$, which especially yields that $H$ is e.s.a. on ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

What is Known About the Complexity of Calculating Minimal Surface Polyhedra?

I am currently ruminating about ways of generalizing Minimum Spanning Trees to Minimum Spanning "Hypertrees", where the cost is associated with simplex volumes and, where certain topological ...
2
votes
0answers
138 views

Dehn-Sommerville relations for $\Delta$-complexes

Let $M$ be a closed, triangulated manifold of dimension $m$ and $K(M)$ be its triangulation. Let $f_i$ denote the number of $i$-simplices of $K(M)$. As proved by Klee the face numbers satisfy the ...
5
votes
1answer
80 views

Continuity of taking collapse maps

Let $U$ and $V$ be open subsets of $\mathbb R^n$ and let $\mathrm{OEmb}(U,V)$ denote the space of open embeddings of $U$ into $V$ with the compact-opent topology. Let $\bar{U},\bar{V}$ denote their ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Surjectivity of “nice maps” from local properties

What tools are available from real algebraic geometry, analysis and topology to check surjectivity of a map $f:M_{1}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^{d}$ from local properties and maybe function values? ...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

Does there always exist a sequence of handle moves between handle decompositions that does not increase index? (+ ref. request)

Reference request: Firstly, I'm looking for a proof of the following well-known result about handle decompositions: ($\ast$) Given two handle decompositions of a smooth $n$-manifold $M$, there ...
5
votes
3answers
393 views

How to prove that two univariate polynomials are always algebraically dependent?

How to prove that two univariate polynomials(over any field) are always algebraically dependent? Also, how to prove the generalization of this question i.e if number of polynomials are more than ...
4
votes
1answer
149 views

Extension of solutions of PDEs with constant coefficients

Let $\mathcal L$ be a differential operator with constant coefficients and $\mathcal{L} f=0$ for some $f\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n).$ Under what conditions on $\mathcal {L}$ the function $f$ extends ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Counting path generating sentences in a specific formal language

Given a formal grammar of a language or an Turing machine of the language, can we count the path that generating sentences of the language? For example, we know that if the grammar is context-free ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Inequality for the index of a Lie algebra using its Levi decomposition

The answers to this question indicate that there is a fairly vast literature on the index of Lie algebras. Unfortunately I was not able to find in this literature (or maybe to extract from it) an ...
-1
votes
1answer
139 views

Smooth algebraic functions

Suppose $f(x)=\sum_{|\alpha|=0}^{\infty}a_{\alpha} x^{\alpha}$ for all $x\in\mathbb{R}^n$. Moreover we know a priori that $f$ is an algebraic function. Is $f$ necessarily a polynomial?If not what are ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Lower Central Series of Pure Braid Groups?

What is the lower central series $\Gamma_k(P_n)$, where $P_n$ is the pure braid group with $n$ strands? We know that $P_n$ is generated by elements $A_{i,j}$; do we know the generators of ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Existence of Green's functions for PDEs

Here is what I think I know: Given a symmetric linear differential operator $\mathcal{L}$ that is positive definite on a function space(/space of distributions) $\mathcal{H}$, we can find its inverse, ...
10
votes
3answers
287 views

Orthogonal mud cracks and Maxwell's reciprocal figures

Is there a succinct mathematical/physical explanation of why mud cracks tend to meet orthogonally?                     Wikipedia image in this ...
5
votes
1answer
225 views

Paper by I. N. Sanov, Solution of the Burnside problem for exponent 4

I have searched extensively online and for copies of printed journals containing the paper which details Sanov's solution to the Burnside Problem for exponent 4, which is widely cited in many papers ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Bringing a (Least Squares Problem) Matrix into Block Upper-triangular Shape via Matrix-reordering

I have the problem of solving very large and very sparse least squares problems and, a bit dissatisfied with the run-times of the full-fledged QR-algorithm, I would like to bring the instances into ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Dichotomy for global existence or blow up for solutions of evolution problems

Consider the problem (Nonlinear Schrödinger equation) \begin{equation} \left\{ \begin{array}{rl} iu_t + \Delta u\mp u|u|^{\alpha}=0\\ u(0) =\varphi\in H^{1}(\mathbb{R}^N), \\ ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Proof that Markov shift is pointwise dual ergodic

I am looking for a reference of the proof that a Markov shift is pointwise dual ergodic, I tried google it but with no success.
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Local time for drifted Brownian motion and comparison results for reflected diffusion

Suppose $X(t) = x+ \mu t + \sigma W(t)$ where $x\ge 0$, $\mu, \sigma>0$ are real constants, and $W$ is a standard Brownian motion. The Skorohod decomposition of $X(t)$ can be written as $Z(t) = ...
5
votes
2answers
151 views

Formal languages with non-unique interpretations of terms

In mathematical logic and model theory, one considers interpretations of syntactic expressions: terms without free variables are interpreted as elements of some structure, formulas without free ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Introduction to free boundary problems (that are not Stefan problems)

Could someone recommend some notes/papers that deal with existence/regularity of free boundary problems arising from parabolic equations (excluding Stefan type equations)? I am thinking of eg. ...
6
votes
1answer
232 views

Euler's Triangular Number closure properties

Burton, in "Elementary Number Theory", states that the following problems are due to Euler 1775: If $n$ is a triangular number, then so are $9n+1$, $25n+3$ and $49n + 6$. R. F. Jordan in the J. ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Characterization of $d$-gonal curves on a K3 surface

Let $X$ be a K3 surface and $C$ a curve on $X$. We say that $C$ is $d$-gonal if it admits a pencil of degree $d$ (and none of smaller degree). I am wondering if there exist characterizations of ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Evolution of local oscillation of scalar curvature under Ricci flow

I apologize in advance if the question will turn out to have an obvious answer but my knowledge of Ricci flow is quite limited. Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth compact Riemannian manifold. I denote by $d_{g}$ ...
2
votes
2answers
160 views

Connected unipotent algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a connected unipotent algebraic (affine) group defined over a perfect field $k$. Then $G$ is $k$-isomorphic as an algebraic $k$-variety to the affine space $\mathbb A^n_k$. Is there any ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

Lorenz attractor power spectrum

If considered Lorenz attractor (with classical parameters $\sigma = 10, b = \frac{8}{3},r>25$), it is often noted, that while the spectral density (Fourier transformation of corresponding ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Conjugacy classes of a triple

In the paper " THE COMPONENT GROUPS OF NILPOTENTS IN EXCEPTIONAL SIMPLE REAL LIE ALGEBRAS" by D. King I am unable to proof the lemma 3.7 which is omitted there. The lemma is following: Let $\mathfrak ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

PDEs on torus $\mathbb T$

(Hope this question is o.k. for MO) I have been learning PDE(non linear dispersive equations) techniques, mainly using harmonic analysis(kind of Strichartz estimates, estimates for unimodular ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Request a paper by Fred Cohen

I am looking for the following paper by Cohen, F. R.: On combinatorial group theory in homotopy. Homotopy theory and its applications (Cocoyoc, 1993), 57–63, Contemp. Math., 188, Amer. Math. ...