This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
0answers
22 views

Existence of solution to weak form of linear equation with boundary integral (parabolic PDE)

Let $W(0,T) := \{ u \in L^2(0,T;H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)) \mid u_t \in L^2(0,T;H^{-\frac{1}{2}}(\partial\Omega))\}$. Let $\gamma$ and $\xi$ denote the trace map and its right inverse. Does there ...
11
votes
1answer
687 views

Joyal's letter to Grothendieck

Mostly out of curiosity: Where do I find Joyal's letter to Grothendieck in which he defines a model structure on simplicial sheaves? The question was already asked in this MO post, but that ...
4
votes
1answer
241 views

Results about moduli of surfaces

There are early successes of the moduli theory - the construction and compactification of the moduli spaces of curves $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_g$ . I want to study about the moduli of algebraic ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

invariant measures of the expanding maps on the circle

I would be very happy to know about original references for the following results; For the expanding map $x \mapsto mx$ on the circle, (with $m$ some integer greater than 1) (1) There exist ...
4
votes
1answer
319 views

Beginners Guide to Cartan for Beginners [on hold]

I am working through parts of Cartan For Beginners by Ivey and Landsberg. Thankfully some exercises have solutions, but, we would benefit from some additional guidance. Question: I am seeking ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Hopf structures on “pictorial” descriptions of permutations

There is a well-known Hopf structure on permutations, due to Malvenuto and Reutenauer. Here, the F basis elements are permutations in one-line notation, the product of two permutations is their ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

References: Solutions of the Bethe Ansatz Equations [on hold]

Could someone show me good references to find solutions of the Bethe Ansatz Equations, for simple cases (using algebraic geometry or others interfaces with mathematics)?
5
votes
1answer
125 views

When is $\vartheta(x)>x$? [Skewes number analog]

Let $\vartheta(x)=\sum_{p\le x}\log p$. What is known about the first time $\vartheta(x)>x?$ Bays & Hudson give good upper bounds (slightly improved by Chao & Plymen) on the first crossing ...
11
votes
2answers
268 views

A bit of history of Verdier duality

I was wondering who originated the presentation of Verdier duality as an equivalence between categories of sheaves and cosheaves ? I learnt it reading Jacob Lurie's Higher Algebra and Justin Curry's ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

A More Advanced Version of Aluffi's Chapter 0

This is a crosspost of this question from MSE. Paulo Aluffi's Book, Algebra, Chapter 0 aims to teach basic algebra from a categorical viewpoint. The first chapters of the book, however, introduce ...
19
votes
2answers
418 views

Unstable homotopy groups of spheres beyond Toda's range

In 1962 Toda published his book "Composition methods in homotopy groups of spheres", which contains computations of $\pi_{n+k}(S^n)$ for $k\le 19$ and $n\le 20$. The values of these groups are ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

finding dominating cycles in $2K_2$-free graphs

A cycle $C$ in a connected graph $G$ is called dominating if its complement $V(G)-V(C)$ is an independent set. H.J. Veldman proved in 1983 (Disc. Math. v.43, 281-96) a general result that in ...
4
votes
1answer
271 views

Cap product à la Poincaré

Recently, it became apparent to me that I was not the only one who always first thought in terms of cap product before actually computing a cup product. There is no denying this is evil, but I found ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Reference : Special case of Banach-valued function integration by parts

Let $u \in L^p (0,T; L^1(\Omega))$ with $\partial_t u \in L^p(0,T; L^1(\Omega))$ and $v \in L^q (0,T; L^\infty(\Omega))$ with $\partial_t u \in L^q(0,T; L^\infty(\Omega))$ (with $1/p+1/q=1$ and $p \in ...
9
votes
0answers
165 views

Is every projective space curve a set-theoretic intersection of two surfaces? What is known about this question?

I am sorry if this question has been already asked, couldn't find anything similar myself. I have recently recalled this long standing open problem of whether every curve in $\mathbb{P}^3(\mathbb{C})$ ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Any two bivariate algebraically dependent polynomials are always in the same ring generated by some bivariate polynomial?

If $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ are two algebraically dependent polynomials over some field $k$, is it true that there exists a bivariate polynomial $p(x,y)$ such that both $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ are in the ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

System of linear first order PDE with constant coefficients

recently in my researches I've come across the following operator $$L\left(\begin{array}{c} a_1\\ \vdots\\ a_n \end{array}\right)=M_1\left(\begin{array}{c} ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

union of planes in the positive grassmannian

Let $\mathbb{G}=\mathbb{G}(k,n)$ be the (real) Grassmannian of $k$-dimensional subspaces of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and let $\mathbb{G}^+\subseteq \mathbb{G}$ be the subset of all subspaces with strictly ...
11
votes
4answers
549 views

Zeros of the derivative of Riemann's $\xi$-function

The Riemann xi function $\xi(s)$ is defined as $$ \xi(s)=\frac12 s(s-1)\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma(s/2)\zeta(s). $$ It is an entire function whose zeros are precisely those of $\zeta(s)$. Since $\xi$ is real ...
27
votes
1answer
622 views

Producing finite objects by forcing!

It is a trivial fact that forcing can not produce finite sets of ground model objects. However there are situations, where we can use forcing to prove the existence of finite objects with some ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Smooth unit vector field on a tetrahedron to interpolate vertex constraints

For a tetrahedron $T\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ with vertices $r_i\in \mathbb{R}^3$ , $i=1,\ldots,4$, and unit vectors $u_i\in \mathbb{S}^2$ at each vertex $i=1,\ldots,4$ consider the (energy) functional ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Better version of “Monotonicity methods in Hilbert spaces and some applications to nonlinear PDEs..”

I am asking whether any one knows of a better source for the text Monotonicity methods in Hilbert spaces and some applications to nonlinear partial differential equations by H. Brezis which I ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Reason for the Choice of Line Parameters in the Radon Transform

Why are the lines, over which the integrals in a Radon Transform are calculated, apparently always parameterized as $L(t,\phi,\alpha) := ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

Good Pre-Calculus book? [closed]

I was reading this article and the author mentioned I should come here and get some advice. I'm 17, currently taking Pre-Calc in high schooling doing really good, but I feel like I'm not getting the ...
0
votes
0answers
126 views

On a paper by Yoneda [closed]

The reason why I asked this previous question was gathering some informations for the note on coend calculus I've just (almost) finished. Unfortunately, I'm still unable to retrieve the original ...
-1
votes
0answers
167 views

Please help me to find a paper by J. Wu [closed]

I am looking for the following paper: J. Wu, Combinatorial descriptions of the homotopy groups of certain spaces, Math. Proc. Camb. Philos. Soc. 130 (2001), 489-513. Many thanks for helping me ...
2
votes
0answers
110 views

Parallel Ricci condition - Status report and bibliography

First I'd like to point out that I'm not a mathematician but a physicist. Dealing with a (hopefully) new affine theory of gravity we have find that the equation of motion are not the usual Einstein's ...
3
votes
1answer
205 views

Reference request for non-commutative analogues of exterior algebras

I am reading Combinatorial Group Theory In Homotopy Theory I by Fred Cohen (preprint available on web page). Here is an extract of the paper: Cohen called $A^R_n$ "a standard tool used in ...
0
votes
2answers
258 views

A sum-of-determinants identity [closed]

I posed a terser version of this question on math.stackexchange.com and after 24 hours I get only a comment on a detail of notation and neither votes nor answers. Suppose ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Regularity of Schrödinger Resolvent

The following problem keeps bothering me: Let $H:=-\Delta+V$ be a Schrödinger-Operator in $\mathbb{R}^n$, where $V$ is a Kato-Potential of type $K_n$, which especially yields that $H$ is e.s.a. on ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

What is Known About the Complexity of Calculating Minimal Surface Polyhedra?

I am currently ruminating about ways of generalizing Minimum Spanning Trees to Minimum Spanning "Hypertrees", where the cost is associated with simplex volumes and, where certain topological ...
2
votes
0answers
143 views

Dehn-Sommerville relations for $\Delta$-complexes

Let $M$ be a closed, triangulated manifold of dimension $m$ and $K(M)$ be its triangulation. Let $f_i$ denote the number of $i$-simplices of $K(M)$. As proved by Klee the face numbers satisfy the ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

Continuity of taking collapse maps

Let $U$ and $V$ be open subsets of $\mathbb R^n$ and let $\mathrm{OEmb}(U,V)$ denote the space of open embeddings of $U$ into $V$ with the compact-opent topology. Let $\bar{U},\bar{V}$ denote their ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Surjectivity of “nice maps” from local properties

What tools are available from real algebraic geometry, analysis and topology to check surjectivity of a map $f:M_{1}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^{d}$ from local properties and maybe function values? ...
5
votes
1answer
76 views

Does there always exist a sequence of handle moves between handle decompositions that does not increase index? (+ ref. request)

Reference request: Firstly, I'm looking for a proof of the following well-known result about handle decompositions: ($\ast$) Given two handle decompositions of a smooth $n$-manifold $M$, there ...
5
votes
3answers
395 views

How to prove that two univariate polynomials are always algebraically dependent?

How to prove that two univariate polynomials(over any field) are always algebraically dependent? Also, how to prove the generalization of this question i.e if number of polynomials are more than ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Extension of solutions of PDEs with constant coefficients

Let $\mathcal L$ be a differential operator with constant coefficients and $\mathcal{L} f=0$ for some $f\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n).$ Under what conditions on $\mathcal {L}$ the function $f$ extends ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Counting path generating sentences in a specific formal language

Given a formal grammar of a language or an Turing machine of the language, can we count the path that generating sentences of the language? For example, we know that if the grammar is context-free ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Inequality for the index of a Lie algebra using its Levi decomposition

The answers to this question indicate that there is a fairly vast literature on the index of Lie algebras. Unfortunately I was not able to find in this literature (or maybe to extract from it) an ...
-1
votes
1answer
139 views

Smooth algebraic functions

Suppose $f(x)=\sum_{|\alpha|=0}^{\infty}a_{\alpha} x^{\alpha}$ for all $x\in\mathbb{R}^n$. Moreover we know a priori that $f$ is an algebraic function. Is $f$ necessarily a polynomial?If not what are ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Lower Central Series of Pure Braid Groups?

What is the lower central series $\Gamma_k(P_n)$, where $P_n$ is the pure braid group with $n$ strands? We know that $P_n$ is generated by elements $A_{i,j}$; do we know the generators of ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Existence of Green's functions for PDEs

Here is what I think I know: Given a symmetric linear differential operator $\mathcal{L}$ that is positive definite on a function space(/space of distributions) $\mathcal{H}$, we can find its inverse, ...
10
votes
3answers
288 views

Orthogonal mud cracks and Maxwell's reciprocal figures

Is there a succinct mathematical/physical explanation of why mud cracks tend to meet orthogonally?                     Wikipedia image in this ...
5
votes
1answer
225 views

Paper by I. N. Sanov, Solution of the Burnside problem for exponent 4

I have searched extensively online and for copies of printed journals containing the paper which details Sanov's solution to the Burnside Problem for exponent 4, which is widely cited in many papers ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Bringing a (Least Squares Problem) Matrix into Block Upper-triangular Shape via Matrix-reordering

I have the problem of solving very large and very sparse least squares problems and, a bit dissatisfied with the run-times of the full-fledged QR-algorithm, I would like to bring the instances into ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Dichotomy for global existence or blow up for solutions of evolution problems

Consider the problem (Nonlinear Schrödinger equation) \begin{equation} \left\{ \begin{array}{rl} iu_t + \Delta u\mp u|u|^{\alpha}=0\\ u(0) =\varphi\in H^{1}(\mathbb{R}^N), \\ ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Proof that Markov shift is pointwise dual ergodic

I am looking for a reference of the proof that a Markov shift is pointwise dual ergodic, I tried google it but with no success.
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Local time for drifted Brownian motion and comparison results for reflected diffusion

Suppose $X(t) = x+ \mu t + \sigma W(t)$ where $x\ge 0$, $\mu, \sigma>0$ are real constants, and $W$ is a standard Brownian motion. The Skorohod decomposition of $X(t)$ can be written as $Z(t) = ...
5
votes
2answers
153 views

Formal languages with non-unique interpretations of terms

In mathematical logic and model theory, one considers interpretations of syntactic expressions: terms without free variables are interpreted as elements of some structure, formulas without free ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Introduction to free boundary problems (that are not Stefan problems)

Could someone recommend some notes/papers that deal with existence/regularity of free boundary problems arising from parabolic equations (excluding Stefan type equations)? I am thinking of eg. ...