This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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1
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1answer
144 views

Reference request for an introduction to deformation theory in algebraic geometry

I'd like some introductory references for deformation theory in algebraic geometry. I'm interested in survey articles too but I primarily want references which give all the definitions and go through ...
5
votes
2answers
397 views

mod 5 partition identity proof

I am looking for a proof that: $$\prod_\limits{m=0}^\infty \dfrac{1}{(1-x^{5m+1})}=\sum_\limits{i=0}^\infty \dfrac{x^i}{\prod_\limits{j=1}^i (1-x^{5j})}$$ The left hand side expands into: ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

A question about Borel sets on the unit interval

It is known that each non-decreasing continuous function $\phi$ induces a $\sigma$-additive measure $d\phi$ such that $\int_0^1 f(x) d\phi(x)$ exists for every bounded real-valued Baire function $f$. ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

Algebraic Geometry needed for Kahler-Einstein metric

I am a Master's student interested in Differential Geometry / Geometric Analysis. Currently active research is going on in Kahler-Einstein / Extremal Kahler metric. I was wondering how much Algebraic ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Symplectic orthogonality and projective duality: how do they work together?

Let $(V,\omega)$ be a $2n$-dimensional linear symplectic space, and $(\mathbb{P}V,\theta_\omega)$ the corresponding $(2n-1)$-dimensional contact manifold. Given a smooth $(n-1)$-dimensional smooth ...
3
votes
0answers
160 views

Roadmap for the ideas expressed in Grothendieck's Esquisse d'un Programme

I would like to understand Grothendieck's Esquisse d'un Programme more. Are there any references that would help me, and are there modern works pursuing the same themes? At this point I am still ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Reference for generalized model categories [on hold]

I would like to know some references for "Stanculescu's notion" of Generalized model category. Motivation The idea is find some works that use the notion and increase my knowledge about it. ...
-1
votes
1answer
141 views

Distinguished triangle and short exact sequence

Forgive me for asking an elementary question. Given coherent sheaves $A$, $B$, $C$ and morphisms $B\xrightarrow{f} C\xrightarrow{g} A$ which give rise to the distinguished triangle $A[-1] \rightarrow ...
9
votes
1answer
180 views

Elementary prime-generating sequences

A student of mine keeps coming again and again and telling "I've found a formula $n\mapsto f(n)$ giving all primes" or sometimes "infinitely many primes", where $f$ is a classical function (I mean ...
4
votes
0answers
62 views

Understanding homotopy t-structure

The following question came up while reading Hoyois' From algebraic cobordism to motivic cohomology. Let $S$ be a Noetherian scheme of finite Krull dimension and let $SH(S)$ denote the homotopy ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

In the proof of the existence of weak solutions to the NSE

In the proof of the existence of weak solutions to the NSE (Navier-Stokes Equations by Constantin and Foias, Chapter 8), the following argument is made: Let $u_m$ converges weakly to $u$ in ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

The space of loops as a Banach space [on hold]

Let $S$ be the space of all loops in $\mathbb{R}^2$, i.e. all continuous mappings $\gamma:[0,1]\to \mathbb{R}^2$ such that $\gamma(0)=\gamma(1)$. Is there any canonical interpretation of $S$ as a ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Maximal Minimum Weight DAGs

In the case of undirected, connected graphs the name for the maximal cycle-free subgraph of minimal weight is called Minimum Spanning Tree, and the efficient algorithms for their calculation are well ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Almgren's mimeographed lectures notes on varifolds

I am trying to get some insights for the combinatorial argument of Pitts (in his PhD thesis 'Existence and regularity of minimal surfaces in Riemannian manifolds', Princeton University Press, 1981) to ...
3
votes
2answers
82 views

References about the matrix generators of the finite subgroups of the orthogonal group O(4)

"On Quaternions and Octonions" by Conway and Smith gives the classification of the finite subgroups of the orthogonal group O(4). I want to get the explicit matrix generators of the finite subgroups. ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Fiber of the specialization map of Picard groups

Let $R$ be a Henselian discrete valuation ring with residue field $k$ of positive characteristic and fraction field $K$ of characteristic zero. Let $\pi:X_R \to \mathrm{Spec}(R)$ be flat, projective ...
4
votes
0answers
69 views

Ref request: modelling regular theories as an injectivity condition

The background to the following observation is standard material in categorical logic, and I thought this was was too — I don’t remember learning it, but I don’t think it is original — but I can’t now ...
5
votes
2answers
301 views

What is this distance about?

For points $a,b\in \mathbb{R}^n\setminus \{0\}$ denote $$d(a,b)=\frac{\|a-b\|}{\|a\|+\|b\|}.$$ This question by Ritesh Ahuja (positive answered by Iosif Pinelis) says that $d$ is a metric. My ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Brownian motion - probability of hitting an open subset of the sphere

Consider a Brownian particle in $\mathbb{R}^n$, starting at the origin. Let $\mathbb{P}_t(A)$ be the probability of the particle striking $A \subset S^{n - 1}$ within time $t$, where $A = \{ (x_1, ...
6
votes
0answers
61 views

Subquotients of Jantzen Filtration for Kac-Moody algebras

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a complex symmetrizable Kac-Moody algebra, with triangular decomposition $\mathfrak{n}^- \oplus \mathfrak{h} \oplus \mathfrak{n}^+$. Let $\lambda \in \mathfrak{h}^*$, and ...
7
votes
1answer
133 views

Nonsolvable finite quotients of matrix groups

Suppose that $\Gamma$ is a finitely generated nonsolvable subgroup of $GL(n, R)$. Is it in the literature that $\Gamma$ has a nonsolvable finite quotient? I know how to prove it (the hardest ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

reference request: simple facts about vector-valued $L^p$ spaces [on hold]

I learned basic results (regarding weak convergence) about Banach-space valued functions of a single real variable when learning PDE. (See e.g. Appendix E in Evans's Partial Differential Equations) I ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Primes of the form $2^{m_0}p_1^{m_1}\ldots p_r^{m_r}+1$

Is it known any example of a set of primes $\{p_1,\ldots,p_r\}$ with the following property: there are infinitely many $(m_0,\ldots,m_r)\in\mathbb N^{r+1}$ such that $2^{m_0}p_1^{m_1}\ldots ...
1
vote
0answers
127 views

Braids with an infinite number of strings

Has anyone developed a theory for braids with an infinite number of strings?
11
votes
1answer
310 views

Definition of ind-schemes

What is the correct definition of an ind-scheme? I ask this because there are (at least) two definitions in the literature, and they really differ. Definition 1. An ind-scheme is a directed colimit ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Does a $G$-structure on $M$ automatically descend to a contact $G$-structure on $\mathbb{P}T^*M$?

If $M$ is a real smooth manifold of dimension $n+1$, by $D\in\mathbb{P}T^*M$ I mean a tangent hyperplane at some point of $M$. I denote by $b$ the canonical projection of the $(2n+1)$-dimensional ...
4
votes
0answers
133 views

Representation theory and associated bundles

I am looking for a text or set of notes that discusses the relationship between the representation theory of Lie groups and associated vector bundles, preferably using modern categorical language. For ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Weak $H^1$-limit of “almost conformal” maps

Let us consider a sequence of maps $\phi_n : (M, g) \to \mathbb{R}^k$, where $M$ is a surface. Let $\phi_n \to \phi$ weakly in the sense of $H^1$-norm, and let $\phi$ be non-trivial. Let $\mathcal{H}$ ...
-1
votes
0answers
131 views

books, lecture notes, for studying pullback rings [closed]

Does anyone have suggestions for books, or lecture notes, (or videos) for studying pullback rings? ( whole book or a section that have an easy and basic approach.) I know definition; ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Is the Rossler attractor globally stable?

The standard form of the Rossler system is $\frac{dx}{dt}=-y-z$, $\frac{dy}{dt}=-x+ay$, $\frac{dz}{dt}=b+z(x-c)$. For simplicity, consider the well known chaotic attractor that exists at a=b=0.2, ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

Reference request for a “truncated version” of the de Rham algebra

Let's start on the $n$-torus for sake of simplicity.$\newcommand{\T}{\mathbb T}$ If I understand the relevant definitions correctly, the usual de Rham algebra of smooth differential forms on $\T^n$ is ...
4
votes
2answers
179 views

Heat kernel asymptotics for small distances

I heard a talk where the speaker said that on a Riemannian manifold, for small values of $\text{dist }(x, y)$, the heat kernel $p_t(x, y)$ satisfies $$p_t(x, y) = \frac{1}{(4\pi ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Linear Program for Single Source Shortest Paths Tree

This question originates in quick, however wrong, idea to calculate a shortest paths tree in the presence of negative cycles. The essential motivation was that a linear program would determine binary ...
-3
votes
0answers
69 views

Harmonic map into $S^n \times \mathbb{R}$ [closed]

Consider a harmonic map $\Phi : \Sigma \to S^n \times \mathbb{R}$, where $\Sigma$ is a surface, and the metric on $S^n \times \mathbb{R}$ is given by the product metric. Choose local spherical (polar) ...
6
votes
0answers
98 views

Local character expansion for discrete series representations of $GL_n(F)$

I'm interested about what, if anything, is known about the local character expansion of discrete-series representations of $GL_n(F)$, where $F$ is a $p$-adic field. First, some notation: let $G$ be a ...
1
vote
0answers
149 views

Reference request: Models of isomorphic languages result into isomorphic categories

This is basically a reference request by someone who has not been educated as a logician and would like to be rigorous about certain preliminary aspects of model theory. Fix an uncountable universe ...
2
votes
1answer
320 views

Reference request: English translation of Brieskorn 1970 paper

Is there any english (or french) translation of the following paper by Brieskorn (1970)? Brieskorn, E., "Die Monodromie der Isolierten Singularitäten von Hyperflächen", Manuscripta Mathematica 2 ...
5
votes
0answers
115 views

Is there any work on “super Fukaya categories”?

There is a well-established notion of "supermanifold", and in the world of supergeometry it makes sense to talk about symplectic structures. Actually, there are various kinds of symplectic ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Techniques for the analysis of interacting particle systems with a finite number of particles, which do not resort to limiting arguments?

I am interested in pointers to (keywords/authors) recent research on the analysis of interacting particle systems with a finite number of particles which do not resort to limiting arguments converting ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Continuity + $H^1$ + Laplacian control $ \implies$ local Lipschitz property

Consider a continuous $H^1$ function $u$ on a bounded open set $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$. We additionally have that $|\Delta u|^2 \leq c |\nabla u|^2$ pointwise on $\Omega \setminus \Sigma$, where ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Hausdorff limits of fibers of affine maps

Let $\mathbb{K}=\mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{C}$, and let $$ F=(P_1,\ldots, P_m):\mathbb{K}^n\to \mathbb{K}^m $$ be a polynomial map. I would like to know under what conditions the preimages $F^{-1}(y)$ of ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

If the fibers of a submersion are connected, does it mean that any 2 sections are homotopic (locally on the base)?

Is the following fact known? If yes - what is the reference? Let $\phi:X\to Y$ be a submersion of smooth manifolds with connected fibers. Let $s_0,s_1:Y\to X$ be its (smooth) sections. Then, for any ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Elliptic regularity and inhomogeneous Neumann boundary condition

Consider a harmonic function $u$ defined on $D : = \{ (x, y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 | (x, y) \in \overline{B(0, 2)}, y \geq 0\}$, that is, the closed upper half ball centered at $0$ and radius $2$. Let $u$ ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

Bott-Samelson construction of a perfect Morse function on G/T

An undergraduate student of mine is interested in writing a "senior" thesis on the topology of Lie groups. Let $G$ be a simply connected compact Lie group and $T$ a maximal torus. One way of ...
1
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0answers
63 views

Euclidean metric in spherical coordinates [closed]

I apologize if this question is not research level, but it has been asked on MSE before, and not received really satisfactory answers, for example, see here, and googling does not reveal anything ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Kirillov orbit Method for Complex nilpotent groups

Let $G$ be a nilpotent simply connected real Lie group. From the classical work of Kirillov, it is well-known that the irreducible unitary representations of $G$ are in a canonical bijective ...
4
votes
0answers
104 views

References for a lemma about compact operators on a Hilbert module

I am looking for a reference for the following result: If $A$ and $B$ are C* algebras, $H$ is a right Hilbert $A$-modules, $\phi :A \rightarrow B$ is a morphism, and assume that there is a map $\eta ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

Reference request: eliminating function symbols in predicate logic

Here is a basic technique in logic which seems well-known in folklore, but which I haven’t managed to find written down anywhere. $\newcommand{\T}{\mathbf{T}}$ Fact. Let $\Sigma$ be a signature (in ...
8
votes
1answer
257 views

Non-Cartesian Monoidal Model Structure on a Slice Category

Given a monoidal model category $(M,\otimes, 1)$, and a monoid therein $A$, one can take the slice model category $M_{/A}$. This category has a natural monoidal structure induced by taking fibered ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

The image of a derivation on a Banach algebra is contained in the kernel of a character

It is known that if $D$ is a continuous derivation on a commutative Banach algebra $\mathcal{A}$, then for any nonzero character $\theta$ on $\mathcal{A}$ we have $D(\mathcal{A})⊆ker\theta $. ...