# Tagged Questions

This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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30 views

### symmetric monoidal double categories?

Let me preface this by saying that I don't know much category theory.
I am running into a situation where I have a double category and additionally there is a multiplication. Moreover, choosing ...

**3**

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**1**answer

50 views

### On Neron-Severi group of normal projective surfaces and blow up

Let $X$ be a normal projective surface with at most rational singularites (in finitely many points). Let $\pi:\tilde{X} \to X$ be the blow up of $X$ at finitely many singular points. The question is ...

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54 views

### Is the “Hilbert scheme of curves” in $\mathbb C^3$ a degeneracy locus?

It is known that the Hilbert scheme of $n$ points in $\mathbb C^2$ is expressible as a degeneracy locus, i.e. the zero locus of $\textrm{d}f$, where $f$ is some regular function on a smooth variety. A ...

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**1**answer

42 views

### Original sources for two theorems by Bass, Matlis, Papp,

It is an interesting fact that a commutative ring $R$ is noetherian if and only if direct sums of injective $R$-modules are injective, and if and only if every injective $R$-module is a direct sum of ...

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42 views

### A limit of a sum related to integer lattice and power series

I have the following lemma that I would like to find a source to cite for. Let $L$ be a subset of $\mathbb Z^d_{>0}$. I would like to claim that the limit
$$\lim_{z \to (1,\ldots,1)^-} (\sum_{v ...

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37 views

### An inequality involving Bessel functions of imaginary index

The following inequality: $$\frac{\pi k}{\sinh{(\pi k)}}\;|J_{ik}(\tau)|^2\le 1,\;\;\;k,\tau\ge 0,$$ for Bessel function $J_{ik}(\tau)$, I found in http://link.springer.com/article/10.1134%2F1.558677 ...

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170 views

### Results about the existence of solutions in groups

Let $G$ be a group. Consider an arbitrary equation given by $w(\vec{g})=e$, where $w: G^n \to G$ takes an $n$-tuple $(g_1,...,g_n)$ to some expression involving products of the $g_i$, their inverses ...

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63 views

### State of the Art in Approximating Fresnel Integrals

Background of my question is, that I need to calculate Clothoids and I found an AMS article "Chebyhev Approximations for Fresnel Integrals" by W.J. Cody from 1968 ...

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109 views

### Areas of Triangles in (Non-Riemannian) Metric spaces?

I'm looking for a reasonable way to coherently axiomatize both length and area in the absence of a Riemannian structure, i.e., starting only with a metric space; but it's not clear how much of this ...

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127 views

### Examples of Maass forms with eigenvalue 1/4

For what I have heard, Maass forms of (Laplacian) eigenvalue $1/4$ on modular surfaces are somewhat special. But I don't know where to look for explicit examples. (In fact, one form came here on MO ...

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83 views

+100

### Stabilization of the pencil of skew symmetric matrices by the orthogonal group

Good morning everybody.
During my researches I've come across the following question.
Let $A$ and $B$ be a couple of square $k\times k$ skew symmetric matrices on $\mathbb R$. Let us consider the ...

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**1**answer

165 views

### Link for “A spine for Teichmüller space”, preprint by Thurston

Can someone please give any link or mention any source where I can find the following preprint.
W.Thurston, A spine for Teichmüller space, preprint, three pages, 1986.

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**1**answer

128 views

### Meaning of “ Open Book cannot be Stabilized Further”?

I'm going over some old notes on Giroux's theorem on the equivalence ( bijection, actually) between open books ( up to positive stabilization) for 3-manifolds and contact structures ( up to isotopy.) ...

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47 views

### Polytopes generated as the convex hull of the orbit of a finite reflection group acting on a given vector

Consider a finite reflection group acting on $\mathbb{R}^N$. Pick a vector $x \in \mathbb{R}^N$ and look at the convex hull of its orbit. This is a polytope.
There are some interesting particular ...

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821 views

### Is there a homology theory that gives a *necessary and sufficient* condition for homotopy equivalence?

Is there a (non-Abelian) homology theory that realizes the following:
Let $X,Y$ be manifolds with complexes $C(X),C(Y)$.
Then $X$ and $Y$ are homotopy-equivalent if and only if $C(X)$ and $C(Y)$ ...

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59 views

### Reconstructing a function from its variants that negate one argument

Call two functions $g(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ and $h(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ from complex numbers to complex numbers equivalent if they are the same up to the order of their arguments. Formally: there is a ...

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**1**answer

109 views

### Parameter estimation using bayesian update on moduli space?

Scientists take a set of data points, say in ${\mathbb R}^2$, and, assuming that this data should fit a polynomial of degree $d$ (or an exponential, etc.), they estimate parameters.
I would think ...

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117 views

### Journals dedicated towards work exploring the development of toy systems of axioms? [on hold]

Due to certain aspects of my current thesis (computational biology, not mathematics), I find myself needing to learn about the development of a toy system of axioms and the theories that subsequently ...

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425 views

### Have axioms / axiom schemata of this flavour been proposed or otherwise considered?

With the exception of a few miscellaneous cases, the axioms (and/or schemeta) of ZFC can roughly be divided into two kinds:
Those that guarantee the existence of more complicated sets, given that ...

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45 views

### Concurrency related problems in $n$ independent, parallel $M/M/1$ queues

Queueing Model:
Consider $n$ independent, parallel $M/M/1$ queues with identical arrival rate $\lambda$ and service rate $\mu$. For each $M/M/1$ queue, we use the FCFS (First Come First Served) ...

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**1**answer

113 views

### Proof of existence of recursively inaccessible and Mahlo ordinals

As in title - I'm looking for a proof of the existence of a countable recursively inaccessible or recursively Mahlo ordinals, especially the first one. When looking for it in all the papers I stumbled ...

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100 views

### Which complete lattices arise as images of the Galois connections induced by binary relations?

Any binary relation $R\subseteq X\times Y$ gives rise to a Galois connection between the powersets of $X$ and $Y$ in a well known way (on MO you can see it e. g. in this answer; in fact, such Galois ...

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532 views

### Properties to have matrices that commute in $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$

Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$, $A,B \in G$ whose eigenvalues are thus in the unit circle.
Assume that the eigenvalues of $A$ are included in a circle arc of ...

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99 views

### Parabolic bundles on elliptic curves

as a warm up for his thesis I would like a student of mine to read something on parabolic bundles. He is reading the famous Atiyah paper on vector bundles on elliptic curves, so I think it would be ...

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103 views

### Reference request: has this semilinear version of Navier Stokes been studied?

I have noticed that the
Navier Stokes equations can be written as a semilinear symmetric first
order system
$$
u_t+A_1u_{x_1}+A_2u_{x_2}+A_3u_{x_3} = f(u)
$$
for a 9 by 1 vector $u$ containing the ...

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**1**answer

145 views

### What is the Essential Reason that allows a PTAS for the EUCLIDEAN TSP?

Questions:
Is there some understanding of the reason, why the euclidean TSP allows a PTAS, whereas the metric TSP in general does not and, is the PTAS stable under sufficiently small perturbation ...

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**1**answer

160 views

### Generalization of notion of convexity

I am searching for the correct term for the following, if it exists.
A set $X\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is called $r$-convex if for any two points $x_1, x_2\in X$ such that there exists an arc of radius ...

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150 views

### Properties of the time integral of Wiener process

Let $W_t$ be a Wiener process and consider the time integral
$$ X_T:= \int_0^T W_t dt $$
It is often mentionend in literature that $X_T$ is a Gaussian
with mean 0 and variance $T^3/6$.
I am ...

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92 views

### Jacobian change of basis matrix for different dimensions

I am considering a real Lie group $G$ acting transitively on an open set $U$ in a real Euclidean space of lower dimension. Given a smooth, compactly supported function $f: U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ ...

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86 views

### Could one recover the relative K-theory from the quotient derived category?

Let $A\to B$ be a full embedding of exact categories that induces an embedding $D^b(A)\to D^b(B)$. My question is: what can one say about the relation of the homotopy cofibre $K(A)\to K(B)$ (the ...

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107 views

### Where are there defined objects between gerbes and bundle gerbes?

Consider a special kind of/something like a gerbe where there is first given local trivialization data with equivalence over 2-fold overlaps but not isomorphism.
Does this exist in the literature?

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65 views

### K-theory of ringed spaces (including henselian and formal schemes); excision and Mayer-Vietoris

Given a ringed topological space $S$ one can easily define its K and K'-theory as the K-theories of the categories of locally free sheaves and of the category of coherent sheaves on it, respectively. ...

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123 views

### $SL(n) \times SL(n)$-invariants of $m$-tuples of matrices

I work over field of complex numbers. Let $G=SL(n) \times SL(n)$, and $(A,B) \in G$ acts on $m$-tuples of matrices $M_{n \times n}(\mathbb{C})^{\oplus m}$ as follows
$$
(A,B) \cdot (M_1, \ldots, M_m) ...

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75 views

### When were bordered Heegaard Floer homology's DA bimodules invented?

This is less of a strictly mathematical question and more of a reference request.
In their paper "Bordered Heegaard Floer Homology (http://arxiv.org/pdf/0810.0687.pdf)," Lipshitz-Ozsvath-Thurston ...

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**1**answer

237 views

### What year was Hechler forcing created?

Hechler forcing is described on page 278, Jech.
Does anyone know when Hechler forcing was first used in a publication?

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**1**answer

222 views

### Universal property of module categories over monads

Let $T$ be a monad on a cocomplete category $\mathcal{C}$. Let's assume that $T$ preserves reflexive coequalizers (or something weaker?). Then the category of $T$-modules $\mathsf{Mod}(T)$ is ...

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**1**answer

86 views

### Extremal graph theory for directed graphs

In extremal graph theory, there are results such as
$$t(C_4,G)\geq t(K_2,G)^4,$$
where $G$ is an undirected graph, $C_4$ is a cycle graph on 4 nodes, $K_2$ is a complete graph of $2$ nodes, and ...

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83 views

### Is there inverse FFT algorithm for Fourier transform of a integer-valued random variable?

In many applications, it is possible to derive an explicit expression for the
Fourier transform of a random variable $X$
$$\varphi (\theta ) = \sum\limits_{n = 0}^\infty {{p_n}} {e^{in\theta }}$$
...

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**1**answer

89 views

### Reference for Frobenius’s proof of Schur’s finite version of the Rogers - Ramanujan identities

In his paper “Ein Beitrag zur additiven Zahlentheorie und zur Theorie der Kettenbrüche” I. Schur has stated that Frobenius has communicated to him a simple direct proof of his finite version of the ...

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68 views

### First-countable topological monoids without local absorbing elements whose topology is induced by a semimetric

This is a follow up of Question 163246. For the reader's convenience, let me first copy&paste some basic definitions.
We let a semimetric on a set $X$ be a function $d: X \times X \to [0,\infty]$ ...

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78 views

### Comparison of K-groups of (affine) singular schemes with K'=G-groups

It is well known that Quillen K-theory coincides with $K'=G$-theory for regular schemes, and can be distinct from it for singular ones. Are there any methods for studying this distinctions? In ...

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71 views

### Cancellations in products of two elements of a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a non-abelian free group with the standard generating set and the corresponding word metric. If we take two elements $g,h\in G$ and compute their product $gh$, some letters might cancel, ...

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**1**answer

98 views

### On the geometry of roots of a sum of complex linear fractions

I was wondering if there is anything known about the geometry (position) of the roots of a rational map of the form
$$R(z):= \sum_{j=1}^{n} \frac{a_j}{z-p_j},$$
where the $a_j$'s are nonzero complex ...

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62 views

### Reference Request: Algebraic Serre's Duality Theorem for Curves

Serre's Duality Theorem is well known and well studied and, as far as I know, there is a "big" algebraic proof for the general case, which is now kind of standard, and can be found in Hartshorne ...

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**4**answers

181 views

### Bruhat order and Schubert cycles

I am looking for a good (textbook) reference for the basic fact (due to Chevalley) that for every semisimple Lie group $G$ (without compact factors) with Weyl group $W$, the Bruhat order on $W$ ...

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61 views

### Reference request: Heat kernel regularity near the boundary

Let $D$ be a domain in $\mathbb{R^d}$ and $p(t,x,y)$ be the heat kernel of $D$ (for the Dirichlet problem). I was told that if the boundary of $D$ is real-analytic, then the function $y\mapsto ...

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**1**answer

163 views

### References for von Neumann Algebras

I have some -possibly- simple but broad questions: Where to begin the study of von Neumann Algebras? Which are the important questions in the field that guide current research? I'm interested in ...

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**1**answer

65 views

### reference request: trace/lifting operator for $L^{\infty}$ data in bounded $\Omega\subset R^d$

I know the answer to my question must be somewhere in the literature. Probably in [Adams-Fournier], [Dautray-Lions] or something alike, but I don't have access to a library right now so I'll ask ...

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**2**answers

159 views

### If $(\mathbb M, \tau)$ is a topological monoid, is $\tau$ always induced by a [left] subinvariant semimetric?

Let me start by recalling some basic definitions (just for the sake of avoiding misunderstandings due to the vocabulary of the post).
Basically following some ideas of W. Lawvere (but not his ...

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370 views

### Different approaches to the multiverse of sets

There are some different approaches to the multiverse of sets, in particular:
1) The approach by Woodin,
2) The approach by Sy Friedman, ...,
3) The approach by Hamkins.
I wonder to know if ...