This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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### Alternative Geometries

In our world, the distance between two points (in 2d) is defined as $\sqrt{(\Delta x)^2 + (\Delta y)^2}$. Suppose that in an alternative geometry, it was defined as $\sqrt[p]{|\Delta x|^p + |\Delta ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

40 views

### expressing in terms of sum of (double) schubert polynomial

It is well known that Schubert polynomials form a basis for the polynomial ring $\mathbb{Z}[x_1,x_2,x_3,...]$.
I am interested in knowing how to express a particular polynomial into sum of Schubert ...

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votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Reference on the classification of (low rank) Gorenstein rings over $\mathbb{C}$

I am interested in the question of the classification of (low rank) Gorenstein rings over $\mathbb{C}$. The socle of a local algebra is the annihilator of its maximal ideal. A commutative local ring ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

65 views

### How to prove the Hölder continuity of a function $u$ by evaluating $\int_{B_{\rho}(x_0)}\frac{|Du(x)|^{2}}{|x-x_0|^{n-2}} dx$?

I'm looking at a video on thin obstacle problem given by Arshak Petrosyan.
In his lecture, he uses the following results:
Let $0<\alpha<1$, and $B_1$ be the unit ball centered at origin in ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

30 views

### Compact embedding and fractional Sobolev spaces in unbounded domain

It is known that there exists a compactness results involving fractional sobolev spaces in bounded domain. What about unbounded domain? More precisely, Under which conditions, we can extend the ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

383 views

### The number of submodules of $\mathbb{Z}_q^n$

Observe $\mathbb{Z}_q^n = \mathbb{Z}_q \times \cdots \times\mathbb{Z}_q$ as a module over $\mathbb{Z}_q\equiv\mathbb{Z}/q\mathbb{Z}$, for general $q$.
I am interested in the following questions:
How ...

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vote

**0**answers

89 views

### Expository papers for Feit–Thompson Theorem [duplicate]

Feit–Thompson theorem states that every finite group of odd order is solvable.
Its proof is near 300 pages so it is definitely not an easy paper to read without a prior knowledge about the general ...

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votes

**1**answer

96 views

### A clarification regarding analytic perturbation of metrics and Laplacian

This question is in reference to the following Mathoverflow question and the accepted answer to it. It seems to me that it is taken for granted that if the metric $g_t$ perturbs real analytically in ...

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votes

**0**answers

141 views

### An abstract zero-sum problem

I would like to know whether the problem described below has appeared in the literature and/or whether similar questions have been studied. I would be very happy to find some references or, if none ...

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votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Lower semi-continuity of the Hellinger-Fisher-Rao distance

I am currently working on unbalanced optimal transport, where the Hellinger (or sometimes Fisher-Rao) distance
$$
...

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votes

**1**answer

75 views

### Prescribing an induced metric

We know that, if we have a surface $z=f(x,y)$ with Euclidean space being ambient manifold, the induced metric is as follows (in matrix form):
$$g=\begin{bmatrix}
1+\left ( \frac{\partial ...

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**0**answers

50 views

### Chain Rule for Maximal Correlation

Let a pair of random variables $(X,Y)$ be defined over finite alphabet $\mathcal{X}\times \mathcal{Y}$ with joint distribution $P_{XY}$. The maximal correlation $\rho(X;Y)$ between $X$ and $Y$ is ...

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votes

**2**answers

245 views

### Is this almost-cosimplicial object familiar?

I have a sequence $X_0,X_1,\ldots$ of Abelian groups, along with face maps $d_0,\ldots, d_n: X_{n-1}\to X_n$ which satisfy the standard cosimplicial identities EXCEPT at the very bottom, where in ...

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vote

**0**answers

53 views

### A construction of the fundamental solution for Schroedinger equations

Does someone know some book or lecture notes useful for the reading of the paper
"A construction of the fundamental solution for the Schrödinger equation", Fujiwara, Daisuke, J. Analyse Math. 35 ...

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votes

**1**answer

171 views

### What is the derivative of this integral?

I have asked this question here
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1536018/how-to-find-derivative-of-this-intergral
but still has no response.
Might I ask it here ?
Let $\alpha(t)\in\{0,1\}: ...

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votes

**0**answers

15 views

### A new Class of Matching-based Divide and Conquer Heuristics for TSP?

Under the assumption that $G=:G_0$ is a complete graph with $2^n$ vertices and arbitrary edge weights, the essential idea to construct the shortest Hamilton cycle is to proceed as follows:
i := 0
...

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votes

**1**answer

425 views

### Categorical or simplicial introduction to modern homotopy theory

I've heard some people saying that it would be easier to study homotopy theory first through simplicial sets. First, i thought that these people were not being serious. But it caught me wondering...
...

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vote

**2**answers

206 views

### Looking for (information about) long diamonds

I was given an open problem as a birthday present recently. While I can probably handle spoilers at this point, what I really want are literature and other references. Also acceptable would be ...

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votes

**2**answers

348 views

### Definition of étale (etc) for non-representable morphisms of algebraic stacks?

I've stumbled upon the statement that the morphism $\pi$ from a root stack of the form $\sqrt[r]{\mathscr{L}/\mathscr{Y}}$ (i.e. the "generic" version, not the one concentrated along a divisor) to its ...

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votes

**1**answer

239 views

### Application of sheaves theory in ring theory

Is there any text that gives some applications of sheaves theory in commutative ring theory? In the other word, is any results in commutative ring theory that be verified by sheaves method?

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38 views

### Anybody has solutions for “Problem Solving through Problems”? [closed]

Most problems in it do not have a solution attached, and I couldn't found them through google...

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votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Questions about the regularity of the “norm” associated to a convex set

Suppose $K\subset \mathbb{R} ^n$ is a closed convex set whose interior contains the origin. We can assign a gauge function to $K$ as $g_{K}(x):=\inf\{\lambda>0 \mid x\in\lambda K\}$. $g_K$ has all ...

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votes

**1**answer

233 views

### What is the exact statement about uniform boundedness of rational points on curves of genus greater than one? Singular points can be unbounded

According to several sources, it is conjectured (or at least believed)
that the rational points of curves over the rationals of genus $g > 1$
are uniformly bounded by $g$. E.g. here p. 1.
Assuming ...

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votes

**1**answer

104 views

### Coefficients of Ehrhart polynomials, in the binomial-coefficient basis

Let $P$ be the convex hull of a finite set of points in $\mathbb Z^d$, and $p(n) = \#\{nP \cap \mathbb Z^d\}$ be its Ehrhart polynomial, which is also the Hilbert polynomial of the corresponding ...

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votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Hecke characters and Conductors

Motivation: Let $\ell$ be an odd prime. There is a conductor-preserving correspondence between primitive Dirichlet characters of order $\ell$
and cyclic, degree $\ell$ number fields $K/\mathbb{Q}$.
...

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votes

**2**answers

152 views

### Product of reduced affinoid spaces over a field is reduced (reference request)

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero complete with respect to a non-Archimedean absolute value. Suppose that $A$ and $B$ are two affinoid $K$-algebras. I'd like a reference that will answer the ...

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votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Factorization of linear recurrences

For each (commutative unitary) ring $R$, let $\mathfrak{R}(R)$ be the set of all linear recurrences over $R$, that is, the set of all sequences $(a(n))_{n \geq 0}$ in $R$ such that
$$a(n+k) = r_1 ...

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votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Smooth perturbation of a positive self-adjoint operator with compact resolvent

Consider a one-parameter family $A_t$ of unbounded positive self-adjoint operators with discrete spectrum (for example, one can consider a one-parameter family of Laplacians on a compact Riemannian ...

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votes

**2**answers

160 views

### Compact surface with arbitrarily large eigenvalue

Consider a compact surface $M$ with genus $\gamma \geq 2$ and fix a positive real number $V$. Is it known whether it is possible to produce a metric $g$ on the surface $M$ such that $(M. g)$ has ...

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**1**answer

88 views

### Reference request for simple $q-$ identities

I stumbled upon the following simple $q-$identities:
$$\frac{1}{(-q;q)_\infty}\sum \limits_{j =0}^{\infty}\frac{q^{(2r+1)j}}{(q^2;q^2)_j}=(q;q^2)_r$$
and
$$\frac{1}{(q;q^2)_\infty}\sum \limits_{j ...

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vote

**1**answer

126 views

### Iterative Root Finding

Consider a function $f(x)=g(x,h(x))$, which we know has a unique root $x^*$. The functions $f$, $g$ and $h$ are all continuous in $x$ and behave nicely. Iteratively solving $g(x_{i+1}, h(x_i))=0$ with ...

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**0**answers

97 views

### Volume growth of balls

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and $K\subset G$ a compact subgroup. Suppose that on the homogeneous space $X=G/K$ we have a $G$-invariant proper metric $d$. For $R>0$ let $B(R)$ be the open ...

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votes

**1**answer

175 views

### reference on representation theory of SO*(2n)

I'm interested in the representation theory of the non-compact real Lie group $\mathrm{SO}^*(2n)$, the subgroup of matrices $M\in\mathrm{SO}(2n,\mathbb{C})$ satisfying
$$
M^\dagger\eta \,M=\eta,\qquad ...

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votes

**1**answer

162 views

### About the decomposition of a Chow group of a variety

I would like that someone helps me to find an article on the net treating the following decomposition : $ \mathrm{CH}^k (X)_{ \mathbb{Q} } = \displaystyle\bigoplus_{ i + j = k } \mathrm{CH}^{i,j} (X) ...

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votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Node-edge coloring of graphs

There must be work on this concept, but I am not finding it through
searches, perhaps using the wrong terminology.
Define a node-edge coloring of a graph ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### Equation of motion for the Lagrangian $\mathcal{L} = \text{Tr}(\partial^\mu G \partial_\mu G^{-1})$, $G$ is unitary $N \times N$ matrix? [closed]

What is the equation of motion for the Lagrangian$$\mathcal{L} = \text{Tr}(\partial^\mu G \partial_\mu G^{-1})$$where $G$ is an $N \times N$ unitary matrix? Could anyone supply a reference to its ...

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votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Reference for instability of Newton basins of polynomials at “separation” of a multiple root

In a previous question on MO I mentioned that I had convinced myself of the following:
When $f_p(z) = z - p(z)/p'(z)$ and $p$ is a complex polynomial, the Julia set, $J(f_p)$ is not continuously ...

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votes

**4**answers

233 views

### graded rings and modules

I want to read about graded rings and modules. First, I saw Bruns-Herzog. But it was difficult for a beginner. Then I saw notes of Tom Marley (see Tom Marley's Homepage: Graded rings and modules). It ...

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votes

**3**answers

206 views

### Semantic reflection

Let $\ulcorner \cdot \urcorner$ be a fixed encoding of formulas by numbers, e.g.
let $\ulcorner \varphi \urcorner$ denote the Godel number of $\varphi$.
Let $T$ be a first-order arithmetic theory, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Classification of 2-dimensional Alexandrov spaces

Is it possible to classify explicitly compact 2-dimensional Alexandrov spaces with curvature bounded below (either with or without boundary)?
If yes, a reference would be helpful.
EDIT: If the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Families of ordinary Siegel Modular Forms

I'm looking for references to constructions and treatments of Hida Families/Eigenvarieties for ordinary Siegel modular forms (In particular: genus 2).
So far I've been reading Richard Taylor's thesis ...

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votes

**1**answer

532 views

### Probability of two vectors lying in the same orthant

Let $S^{d-1} = \{x \in \mathbb R^d: \|x\| = 1\}$ denote the unit sphere in $\mathbb R^d$. Let $v$, $w$ be drawn uniformly at random from $S^{d-1}$, conditioned on their inner product being equal to ...

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**0**answers

52 views

### Elliptic analogue of Ramanujan's summation for $\phantom{}_1\psi_1$

Is there an elliptic analogue if the bilateral summation formula for the series $\phantom{}_1\psi_1(a,b;q,z)$ (see Ramanujan Psi Sum)?
Can it be derived as a limiting case of elliptic analogue of ...

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votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Demazure product in Coxeter and Artin groups

As a follow-up of Allen's question Coxeter exchanges in non-reduced words, I wonder whether it is known that the Demazure product is well-defined in Artin groups. This is:
Let $(W,S)$ be a Coxeter ...

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**0**answers

96 views

### An alternative to the Euler--Maclaurin formula: Approximating sums by integrals only

The Euler--MacLaurin summation formula can be written as
$$ \sum_{i=0}^{n-1} f(k)\approx \int^{n-1}_0f(x)\,dx
+ \frac{f(n-1) + f(0)}2
+
\sum_{j=1}^m\frac{B_{2j}}{(2j)!}[f^{(2j - ...

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votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Distance between quadratic forms

In notes here http://math.univ-lyon1.fr/homes-www/gille/prenotes/lens.pdf on page $2$ a formulation of distance between two positive quadratic form $[q],[q']$ is given by
...

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**2**answers

193 views

### Is there a similar theory as for symmetric polynomials, that deals with polynomials on the entries of matrices that are symmetric in both dimensions?

I am looking at a polynomial of the entries of a matrix, and this polynomial is invariant under permutation of the rows or columns of the matrix. Is there a similar characterization as in the case of ...

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**0**answers

163 views

### Mathematics Book on Yang-Mills Equation

I am planning to read two papers - Atiyah-Bott's paper on Yang-Mills equations on Riemann surfaces and Hitchin's Self-Duality equations on Riemann Surface. Can someone please suggest some book where ...

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**1**answer

129 views

### A moduli problem inspired by Stein factorization

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a proper, birational morphism with connected fibers, $X$ is non-singular and $Y$ is normal. Does there exist a moduli space parametrizing all invertible sheaves $\mathcal{L}$ on $X$ ...

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**1**answer

464 views

### Reference to a Don Zagier Result and the Congruent Number Problem

I was looking for a reference/explanation as to how Don Zagier managed to find the side lengths of a rational right triangle with area 157. There have been many literature references to the fact that ...