This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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0
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13 views

Computing row-sum scaled unsigned Stirling nos. of the 1st kind

As the title suggests, I would like to compute probability vectors with elements proportional to (unsigned) Stirling numbers of the first kind by row. For easy reference, here is the Wiki page. For ...
0
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0answers
53 views

Conjecture Reference Request

If Second Hardy-Littlewood Conjecture is true then we can claim that $\pi(x)-\pi(y)\leq \pi(x-y)$. Thus the conjecture gives an upper bound for the number of primes between $x$ and $y$. I have found ...
1
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0answers
41 views

Looking for the manuscript “Uniform polytopes” by N. Johnson

The manuscript Uniform Polytopes (1991) by Norman Johnson is cited in the wikipedia page on uniform polytopes (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_polytope). Is there an electronic copy of this ...
8
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1answer
1k views

How can I have a copy of this old paper by Frobenius?

How can I have a copy of this old paper and a translation of it? Frobenius, G. (1902). Uber primitive Gruppen des Grades n und der Klasse n - 1. S. B. Akad. Berlin 1902, 455-459.
3
votes
2answers
275 views

Intuition behind $\zeta(2) = \frac{\pi^2}{6}$ [on hold]

In literature, there are many proofs of the well-known result $$\zeta(2) = \frac{\pi^2}{6}.$$ However, as far as I know, they do not offer an intuitive explanation of why this result should be true. ...
3
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0answers
36 views

Reference for existence results for 2D forced viscous Burgers equation

I am looking for results concering the following parabolic PDE $$u\cdot\nabla u + \Delta u = F(x),$$ where $$u\colon\Omega\to\mathbb{R}^2,$$ and $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ is a 2D domain (bounded or ...
1
vote
2answers
136 views

Calculating Exterior Distance from Measurements of Inner Geometry

Gauss has proven in his famous Theorema Egregium, that it is possible, to calculate the gaussian curvature from measuring angles and distances on the surface, irrespective of how the surface is ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

A number array related to colored necklaces and the primes

I stumbled upon entry OEIS-A208535 on the enumeration of certain kinds of colored necklaces and noticed that the integers for the odd prime rows of the table there seem to be given by the Moreau ...
3
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1answer
114 views

Reference request: Invariant sets of dynamical systems

(I should preface this with the disclaimer that this is a slightly elaborated version of a question that I posted onto math se recently to which I received no responses, and have since deleted the ...
2
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0answers
54 views

Invariant Theory over finite adeles

Classical invariant theory, among the other things, classifies polynomial functions over a vector space $V$ endowed with a quadratic form $Q$ which are invariant under the action of $SO(V,Q)$. I am ...
3
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0answers
46 views

The 4-th generator of $K_1$ group for 3-dimensional NC tori algebra

An $n$-dimensional NC torus algebra $A_\theta^{(n)}$ is defined for any antisymmetric $n\times n$ matrix $\theta$ of real numbers as the universal $C^*$-algebra, generated by unitaries ...
4
votes
2answers
420 views

Who first defined quantum integers?

Who first gave the defintion of quantum integers $$ [m]_q = \frac{1 - q^m}{1 - q} $$ and addition as $$ [m]_q \oplus_q [n]_q = [m]_q + q^m [n]_q $$ and multiplication as $$ [m]_q \otimes_q [n]_q = ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

What version of the wreath product embedding theorem is actually stated in the famous paper of Kaloujnine and Krasner?

This question is inspired by Terry Tao's blog post and the comments there. I have always cited M. Krasner and L. Kaloujnine, "Produit complet des groupes de permutations et le problème d'extension de ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

hypergeometric at nearest singularity

Reference request. A prototype case: In $$ {}_2F_1\left(\frac{1}{12},\frac{5}{12};\frac{1}{2};x\right) = A\log\left(\frac{1}{1-x}\right) + B + o(1), \qquad x \to 1^- $$ what can we say about the ...
5
votes
1answer
126 views

O-minimal Theories with Non-Dense Order Type

I asked this question on MSE, but I haven't received any comments or responses (also, it has a very low view count), so I thought I would also ask it here. In this paper, Knight, Pillay, and ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Connections between loops (algebraic structure) and graphs

I would like to know whether there are known constructions which provide a bijection between loops (isomorphism classes) and (possibly directed) graphs. Any reference to a useful paper in this ...
6
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0answers
178 views

Canonical functions in set theory and their applications

Given regular cardinal $\kappa>\omega,$ we can define the canonical functions $f_\alpha: \kappa\to \kappa,$ for $\alpha<\kappa^+.$ Some of their properties are presented in Chapter 22 of the ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

About the regularity of the boundary of a set

Consider $\Omega_1, \Omega_2$ two convex, bounded domains in $R^n$ with $\Omega_1 \supset \overline{\Omega_2}$ and suppose that $\operatorname{dist}(x, \partial \Omega_2) =\min_{y \in \partial ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Reference request for stably free modules

I am looking for some references on the theory of stably free modules. I will call (F) the following property for a ring $R$: every f.g. stably free module over $R$ is free. 1) Is there a standard ...
3
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0answers
95 views

On a problem of Berkovich

What is the real history of the following problem proposed by Berkovich [Y. Berkovich, Z.Janko, Groups of prime power order. Volume 2, Expositions in Mathematics, 56, Walter de Gruyter, New York, ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Euler characteristic of open varieties as degree of Chern class of logarithmic differentials

Let $U$ be a smooth variety over a subfield $k$ of $\mathbb{C}$. Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety containing $U$ as the complement of a normal crossings divisor $D$. Denote by $\chi(U)$ the ...
-2
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0answers
35 views

Numerical method of lines for solving PDEs [closed]

Could you please advise some literature about the numerical method of lines (MOL) for parabolic PDEs? It is a method of solving PDEs with discretizing only by space but not by time. A system of ODEs ...
2
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0answers
70 views

(Reference) Asymptotics of hitting probability by Brownian motion

The problem is: Given compact set A with positive finite volume (eg. ball,cube), what happens to $P_{x}(T_{A}>t)$ as $t\to \infty$, where $T_{A}=inf_{t>0}(B_{t}\in A)$ and x is in the "exterior" ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

Is the Cassels-Tate pairing defined for elliptic curves over function fields?

The Cassels-Tate pairing is typically defined for elliptic curves (or abelian varieties) over number fields, but it seems like it should be defined for elliptic curves over function fields as well. ...
2
votes
2answers
193 views

Gauss Codes that produce classical knots as opposed to virtual knots

I have been doing some research in Gauss codes and have been reading Kauffman's paper Virtual Knot Theory. In section 3.3, Theorem 2, he states that If $K$ is a virtual knot whose underlying Gauss ...
14
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0answers
347 views

Geodesics in finite groups

It seems that I can generalize a result from compact, connected Lie groups to finite groups, but in order to do so, I need to have some kind of geodesics on finite groups. Below is a proposition for ...
-4
votes
0answers
89 views

Löwenheim–Skolem as an argument for discrete mathematics? [closed]

At least as far as first-order theories go, one could construe the (downward) Löwenheim–Skolem theorem as an incentive to invest more in discrete models rather than in continuous ones. This would ...
4
votes
3answers
251 views

Poincare duality for (co)homology of Lie algebras?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $\mathfrak{g}$ a Lie $R$-algebra that has an $R$-module basis with $n$ elements. In Algebra, Geometry, and Software Systems by Joswig & Takayama on p.200 it ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Weight polytopes of the fundamental representations of simple Lie groups

Where can I find a description of the weight polytopes of the fundamental representations of the classical complex simple Lie groups? Thanks in advance
1
vote
1answer
149 views

A generalisation of Narayana-like numbers (walks on the 2D lattice)

I apologize in advance if this question has a trivial answer. I am pretty sure this kind of problem was already studied and I am mostly asking for good references. Given integers $0 < k \le n+1,$ ...
1
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0answers
103 views

Gauss's Cirlce Problem #lattice points in circle

Can someone link me the proof that $E(r)/r^{1/2}$ -> infinity when $r$->infinity? Where #lattice points in circle = $Pi*r^2+E(r)$
4
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168 views
+50

Decompositions of a compact Lie group into “fixed point set types”

Consider a compact Lie group $G$ which acts on a closed Riemannian manifold $M$ by isometries. Then it is well-known that there are only finitely many isotropy types of the $G$-action, i.e. finitely ...
-4
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0answers
88 views

Axiomatic Ergodic Theory (book) [closed]

Is there any book which is axiomatic in its approach? Like in axiomatic set theory, or first order logic, but in ergodic theory? I'm not sure it's too rigorous as I would like it to be, but this can ...
4
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0answers
121 views

Moduli interpretation of Hecke operators on Shimura curves

In his book on Automorphic Forms, Shimura gives (chapter 9) definitions of the the Hecke operators for Shimura curves. One can give definitions of the Hecke and Atkin-Lehner operators in terms of the ...
6
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0answers
103 views

Face poset of a subcomplex complement

Let $P$ denote the face poset of a simplicial complex, $\Delta$ the order complex of a poset, and $\simeq$ homotopy equivalence. It's known that for any finite simplicial complex $\mathcal{K}$ that ...
7
votes
2answers
882 views

Is there an English translation of Minding's 1839 paper?

Is there an English translation of "Wie sich entscheiden lässt, ob zwei gegebene krumme Flächen auf einander abwickelbar sind oder nicht..." by Ferdinand Minding, Journal für die reine und angewandte ...
13
votes
2answers
352 views

What is the minimal $C_k$, such that every $f\colon \{-1,1\}^n\to \mathbb{R}$ of degree at most $k$ satisfies $\|f\|_2\le C_k\|f\|_1$

Every $f\colon\{-1,1\}^n\to \mathbb{R}$ can be repsenented as a multilinean polynomial of the form $$f(x_1,x_2,\ldots ,x_n)=\sum _{S\subseteq [n]} \hat{f}(S)\prod_{i\in S} x_i $$ The degree of the ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Selecting Rays for Simulated Radon Transform

I have the task of determining approximations of a 2D function $f: (x,y)\in \mathbb{R}^2\mapsto\mathbb{R}$ from integrals along lines, i.e. from its Radon transform $R(\phi,\tau)[f(x,y)]$ and, because ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

An example of mean curvature flow that does not preserve embeddedness

Let $F: M^n \to \mathbb R^{n+k}$ be an embedding and $F_t$ be a families of immersions so that $F_0=F$ and $$\frac{\partial F_t}{\partial t} = \vec H$$ It is known that in hypersurface case ...
2
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0answers
68 views

books on very large scale linear optimization

Recently in my material science research, I have encountered problems of very large scale linear optimization. I read the introductory book "Introduction to Linear Optimization (Athena Scientific ...
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0answers
88 views

exponential columns and rows in Linear programming [closed]

In one of my previous post, I mention a Linear programming system with exponentially many constraints and variables Linear programming with exponentially many constraints and variables . It is ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

current status of combinatorial optimization solvers [closed]

What is the current status of the solvers in combinatorial optimization? For example, what is the "usual feasible size" for a traveller sale's man problem, say, how many nodes and edges are "usually ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

How to change the successor of a singular with a Woodin?

I'm looking for references on how to change the successor of a singular cardinal from "more or less" minimal assumptions. If possible, then without adding bounded subsets to the singular either. In ...
1
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0answers
60 views

Pullback of the tautological vector bundle and the nubmer of trivializations

I've heard about the followign result: for each two natural numbers $d,n \in \mathbb{N}$ one can find a number $k \in \mathbb{N}$ with the following property: for each CW-complex $X$ with $\dim X \leq ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

Computing all “suboptimal” rational approximations to $\pi/2$

I have an irrational number $\alpha$ ($\alpha=\frac\pi2$), and I would like to determine all integers $n\in[1,N]$ ($N=10^{16}$) that satisfy $$ n \epsilon(n)^2 \leq \tau $$ where $\tau$ is a known ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Is there a non-compact Poulsen simplex?

A Choquet simplex is a closed, convex and metrizable subset of a locally convex Hausdorff topological vector space in which every point is a barycenter of a unique probability measure supported on the ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

Special Kähler normal coordinates around a point

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a compact Kähler manifold and suppose there are holomorpic vector fields vanishing at a point $p$. As a consequence we have a group $G_{p}$ of biholomorpisms fixing $p$. Let ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

Thinnest 2-fold coverings of the plane by congruent convex shapes

It is an unsolved problem to determine the "thinnest" $2$-fold covering of the plane by disks. The $2$-fold coverage problem by disks is to find the minimum number of congruent (unit-radius) disks ...
2
votes
3answers
341 views

Asking for an English version of a paper

I have been looking for the paper "almost independence and secrecy capacity" by Csiszar. But all I could find was a Russian version published in Problems of Information Transmission. I am wondering ...
11
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1answer
294 views

What happens if we rotate the kernel of an integral operator?

Given an integral operator $K$ on $L^2(\mathbb R)$ with kernel $k(x, y)$, consider the integral operator $L$ on $L^2(\mathbb R)$, whose kernel has the form $k(\alpha x+\beta y, \gamma x+\delta y)$, ...