This tag is used if a reference is needed in a paper or textbook on a specific result.

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3
votes
0answers
66 views

Silver's unpublished work on reverse Easton iteration

Silver was the first person who used the method of reverse Easton iterations in connection with large cardinals, and used it to force the failure of $GCH$ at some measurable cardinal. At most papers ...
5
votes
3answers
177 views

Does this property of a first-order structure imply categoricity?

Let $\mathfrak{A}$ be a first-order structure over a relational language and let $\kappa$ be an infinite cardinal. Lets say that $\mathfrak{A}$ has the $\kappa$-property if for every structure ...
-2
votes
0answers
92 views

Mathematics of volleyball [on hold]

I'm working on a mathematical model that should calculate probabilities of various things in the game of volleyball and I thought it might not be a bad idea to see if there is already some research on ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Repeatedly changing queue behavior

I'm not sure if this question is suited to MO. I will happily delete if not. Situation Consider a general queueing system $\mathscr{S}$, whose customer arrival times are independent, and whose ...
6
votes
0answers
168 views

Geometric meaning of the black hole horizon

It is widely accepted that the singularity of the Schwarzschild metric at the event horizon is purely an artifact of the coordinates and no physical singularity exists at the horizon. However, as ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

In a Simplicial group the Degenerate elements don't intersect the kernel of the face maps.

Let $G_{\bullet}$ be a simplical group. I denote by $D_n \subset G_n$ the subgroup generated by all the degeneracy maps $s_i:G_{n-1} \to G_n$. I also denote $$M_n = \bigcap_{i>0} \mathrm{Ker} d_i ...
2
votes
0answers
141 views

The topology of the classifying space of U(n)

In $\textit{Atiyah and Bott: The Yang-Mills equations over riemann surfaces}$, there is a sentence about the topology of BU(n) (i.e. the classifying space of U(n)): Here $K(\mathbb{Z},n)$ means the ...
4
votes
2answers
276 views

Aspheric functors and Grothendieck fibrations

Following Grothendieck, let us say that a category is aspheric if its nerve is weakly contractible and a functor $u : \mathcal{A} \to \mathcal{B}$ is aspheric if for every object $b$ in $\mathcal{B}$, ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Optimal lower bounds for the sum of digits in base $b$

Let $b \geq 2$ be an integer and let $s_b(n)$ be the sum of the digits of the base-$b$ representation of the nonnegative integer $n$ (e.g., $s_{10}(726)=7+2+6$). From the weak law of large numbers, it ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Exactness of the relative de Rham complex restricted to subschemes

I think that the statement below about relative de Rham complex is true (am I wrong?) If it is the case, a reference would be very helpful. (I admit that the statement sounds somewhat technical and ...
5
votes
0answers
96 views

minimal energy of affine Lie algebra reps

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a simple Lie algebra. Let $\widetilde{L\mathfrak g}$ be the universal central extension of $L\mathfrak g:=\mathfrak g[t,t^{-1}]$. Let $V_\lambda$ be a positive energy ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

Proof of the Dunford-Pettis theorem

I would like to know where to find a complete proof of the Dunford-Pettis theorem: A sequence $(f_n)_{n\geq 0} \subset L^1$ is uniformly integrable if and only if it is relatively compact for the weak ...
0
votes
0answers
93 views

Any result, example or conjecture about the computational complexity of transcendental number that can not be computed by linear time Turing Machine [on hold]

The Hartmanis-Stearns Conjecture is restated by Prof.Lipton as: Suppose that a linear time Turing Machine computes the first $n$ digits of the real number $r$ in base ten. Then, the number is either a ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Are there any relevance between coefficients of simple continued fraction of quadradic algebraic number and algebraic number with degree $2^n$ [on hold]

Let $\sqrt{c}$ be quadratic algebraic number, We know that $[a_0;a_1,a_2,\dots ]$ the coefficients of simple continued fraction of $\sqrt{c}$ the quadratic algebraic number is periodical. ...
3
votes
0answers
129 views

Homotopy type of a locally contractible compact

Does a locally contractible compact space have the homotopy type of a finite CW complex? (I think it probably does, but I need a reference anyway.) EDIT: My intuition was wrong [to see why, read ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

convergence of $e^{it\Delta}f$

I heard of a conjecture that $e^{it\Delta}f\rightarrow f$ a.e. as $t\rightarrow 0$ for $f\in H^{1/4+\epsilon}$ but couldn't find a proper reference.
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Function Related to Jordan Curves

I am looking for a solution to the following problem: given a Jordan curve $c(s) = (x(s),y(s))$ with $\dot x(s)^2+\dot y(s)^2 = 1$ and $c(s+L)=c(s)\,$ an integrable function $g(s): c(s)\mapsto ...
0
votes
0answers
129 views

Applications of infinite permutations [closed]

I was looking at approximation in the forlmula of Products of necklaces: $n \to \infty$ we have $\prod_{p=1}^n N(p,a) \approx \frac {a^n} {n!}$ $\prod_{p=1}^n \frac {1-a^p} {1-a}$. (The number of ...
9
votes
4answers
459 views

A metric space of geometric shapes

My research involves geometric shapes in $R^2$, and I need a metric with several properties such as: Families of similar shapes, such as squares, are closed in this metric. Also more general ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

What is the relation between the length of period of simple continued fraction expansion of quadratic algebraic numbers $\sqrt{A}$ and the integer $A$

What is the relation between the length of period of simple continued fraction expansion of quadratic algebraic numbers and the integer As we know,$\sqrt{2} = [1;2,2,2,2,…]$; while $\sqrt{14}= ...
0
votes
0answers
203 views

What does a Turing machine compute? [closed]

I suspect that it might be necessary to define for a Turing machine how its inputs and outputs are to be interpreted in order to be able to say e.g. that a Turing machine $T$ computes an arithmetical ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Absolute irreducibility of a symmetric square?

This is a question I received today by email, which somebody more experienced with finite group representations can probably answer directly. Take $F:=\mathbb{F}_q$ for some prime power $q$, so ...
16
votes
5answers
806 views
+50

What arrangement of unit cubes minimizes surface area?

For each of these two questions, one can assume that the arrangements are polycubes (for which a definition can be found in the excerpt-image below). Question A. How does one arrange $n$ unit cubes ...
3
votes
0answers
45 views

Polynomials connected with Gale's condition and cyclic polytopes

I was reading about cyclic polytopes and (I think naturally) became interested in polynomials $f(X) \in \mathbb{R}[X]$ which have a factorization of the form $f(X)=g(X)g(X+1)$ for some $g(X) \in ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

reference help indecomposable representations of SL(2,R)

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the Lie algebra $\mathfrak{sl}_2(\mathbb{C})$, $K=SO(2)$ the maximal compact subgroup of $SL_2(\mathbb{R})$. Then the classification of irreducible admissible ...
6
votes
2answers
310 views

Twist in identification with singular cohomology

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb{Q}$ and $$V = H^m(X(\mathbb{C}), \mathbb{Q} \cdot (2\pi i)^r)$$ Then I've seen people write the comparison with complex cohomology (an isomorphism ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Algorithm for Polynomial Reduction in a Quotient Ring

Any reference or suggestion for the following problem would be greatly appreciated. I am working on the quotient ring $Q=R[X_1,\dots,X_n]/<f_1,\dots,f_k>$. Given polynomials $p$ and $q$ I want ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Lp estimate for resolvent of Laplace operator

Consider for $1<p<\infty$ operator $A_p:L_p(0,1)\to L_p(0,1), \ D(A_p)=\{u\in W^2_p(0,1): u'(0)=u'(1)=0\}, \ A_pu=u''$, i.e. $L_p$-realisation of the Laplace operator with Neumann bcd on the ...
2
votes
0answers
315 views

Help with my research topic [closed]

I have a masters degree in mathematics and I'm currently a PHD student. Since the beginning of my studies (2 years ago) I haven't progressed and still don't have a research topic. I was a very good ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

How to prove that all smooth vector bundles on a given vector bundle are the pull back of a vector bundle on the base [migrated]

Recently, during a conversation, I heard about the result (previously mentioned also here on MO), whose statement is reported below. Not having the specific background necessary to reconstruct a proof ...
3
votes
3answers
102 views

Basic Questions about Radon Transforms

I am currently working on a problem that may be interpreted as recovering an unknown function from its Radon transform. Unfortunately I don't have any background in Radon transform, but need to ...
5
votes
1answer
277 views

What is the current state of the crystalline analogue of the Weil conjectures?

In "F-isocrystals on open varieties results and conjectures" Faltings says: "Finally, we extend the theory of weights and show as much as possible of the crystalline analogue of the Weil ...
5
votes
1answer
239 views

Morava $K(n)$'s are not $E_{\infty}$

I am looking for a reference/proof that shows that the Morava $K$-theory spectra, $K(n)$ are not $E_{\infty}$ ring spectra. I suspect that this should be a calculation but I can't quite get it right. ...
-1
votes
0answers
23 views

Proof that $G(3)\le 7$ [migrated]

Let $G(k)$ be the minimal $n$ s.t. every sufficiently large integer is the sum of $n$ nonnegative $k$th powers. Does anybody know where I can find Vaughan's proof that $G(3)\le 7$? I can't find a ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

A possible minimal aperiodic set of corner Wang Tile

From one of my previous question Aperiodic set of corner Wang Tile (although it is put on hold), I realize there is a systematic way to construct aperiodic corner type of Wang tile from edge type ...
9
votes
2answers
268 views

Behavior of the spectrum of the Laplacian under pointed smooth convergence

The Laplacian on a compact Riemannian manifold has a discrete spectrum. For example on a circle of perimeter $L$ the $n$-th eigenvalue starting at $0$ is $-\lambda_n = -(2\pi/L)^2 n^2$. On the other ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

Plucker embedding and tautological/universal quotient bundle

Let $G$ be a Grassmannian and $Q$ the tautological/universal quotient bundle of $G$. As far as I understand, the associated tautological quotient line bundle for the Plucker embedding of the ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Reference for Elliptic PDE on $\mathbb{R}^d$

Could anyone suggest a textbook, article, or lecture notes that covers elliptic PDE theory (existence, uniqueness, regularity) on all of $\mathbb{R}^d$, as opposed to the Dirichlet or Neumann problem ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

Superelliptic Curves [duplicate]

I'm trying to find information on superelliptic curves and how to solve them over the integers. The equation is $$y^k = f(x)$$ where $k=3$ and $f$ has degree $d=3$. Does anyone know any ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

Reference on calculation of 2nd cohomology group

Let $G$ be a finitely generated, infinite, countable discrete nonamenable group with zero first Betti number, I.e., $H^1(G, \ell^2(G))=0$, e.g., $G=F_2\times F_2$, the product of free groups of two ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

An identity for elementary symmetric functions

Trying to understand a result in a representation theoretical paper, I realized that it implies the following elementary identity for symmetric functions. My question is whether this identity is true, ...
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Hilbert scheme of a closed subscheme

Let $X$ be a complex algebraic variety. Its Hilbert scheme represents the functor $G$ from schemes to sets given by $$G(S)=\{Z\subset X\times S|\, Z \mbox{ is a closed subscheme, flat and proper over ...
0
votes
0answers
89 views

Collatz property implying infinite “fall below” trajectories, is it known?

(this was discovered analyzing Collatz empirically.) a key aspect of resolving Collatz involves looking at the number of iterations for trajectories to "fall below" the initial value. consider ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

Deformations of holomorphic/algebraic vector bundles over $\mathbb{P}^3$

I would like to know what can be said about (global) deformations of holomorphic/algebraic rank two vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^3$. I am particularly interested in the case of topologically trivial ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Hilbert scheme of an infinitesimal neighborhood of a subvariety

Let $X$ be a complex algebraic variety. Let $C\subset X$ be a compact (reduced) subvariety. Let $C^{(n)}$ denote the $n$th infinitesimal neighborhood of $C$ inside $X$. Let $Hilb(X)$ denote the ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Minimum of Random Energy Model (REM) with logarithmically correlated potential

In the paper [FB] (ArXiv, J. Phys. A), the authors analyse a particular Random Energy Model (REM) with logarithmically correlated potential and conjecture in Eq. (2) that the distribution function of ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Uniqueness of Newton (modulo a constant) series on a compact set

Good morning everybody. My question is as follows: Let $K$ be a compact subset of $\mathbb R$ and let $v\in C^\infty(K)$. Consider the finite difference operator $\Delta v(x)\doteq v(x+1)-v(x)$. It ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Caratheodory equations

Ok, I am reading Fillipov book on discontinuous right hand side differential equations (the red book). He states the next lemma: " Let the function $f(t,x)$ satisfy the Caratheodory conditions and ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

coxeter element of a reflection group (reference request)

I am reading reflection groups and coxeter groups book by Humphreys. now I want to learn more about "coxeter element" of a reflection group. Can any body suggests me some good books to read more about ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

Is the absolute of a compact space the projective limit of the Stone-Čech compactifications of its open dense subsets?

Is the following statement true, and if it is, does someone have a reference? Let $X$ be a compact (i.e., compact and Hausdorff) topological space. Then the Gleason space (=Iliadis absolute, ...