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959 views

### Prove that there exists $n\in\mathbb{N}$ such that $f^{(n)}$ has at least n+1 zeros on $(-1,1)$

Let $f\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R},\mathbb{R})$ such that $f(x)=0$ on $\mathbb{R}\setminus (-1,1)$. Prove that there exists $n\in\mathbb{N}$ such that $f^{(n)}$ has at least $n+1$ zeros on $(-1,1)$
...

**14**

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239 views

### Partitions of ${\rm Sym}(\mathbb{N})$ induced by convergent, but not absolutely convergent series

Let $(a_n) \subset \mathbb{R}$ be a sequence such that the series
$\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n$ converges, but does not converge absolutely.
Then there is a partition of the symmetric group ${\rm ...

**13**

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306 views

### A question about small sets of reals

In ZFC, does there exist an uncountable set of reals $A$ such that for every closed measure zero set of reals $B$, $ A + B = \{a+b : a \in A, b \in B\} \neq \mathbb{R}$?
This question is motivated ...

**13**

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687 views

### Almost everywhere differentiability for a class of functions on $\mathbb{R}^2$

A while ago, I came across the following problem, which I was not able to resolve one way or the other.
Let $f,g\colon\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}$ be continuous functions such that $f(t,x)$ and ...

**11**

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359 views

### Classes of (non-continuous) functions with the fixed point property

Let $K$ be a convex body in $ R^d$. (Say, a ball, say a cube...) For which classes $ \cal C$ of functions, every function $ f \in {\cal C}$ which takes $K$ into itself admits a fixed point in $K$.
...

**10**

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185 views

### Asymptotics of a Selberg-type integral

Let $\Delta(s_1,s_2,\ldots,s_n) = \prod_{i<j}(s_i-s_j)^2$. Is there a standard way to estimate the decay of the Selberg-type integral
$$ \frac{1}{n!^2}\int_0^1 \int_0^1\cdots\int_0^1 ...

**9**

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185 views

### A multiple integral

Let us consider the multiple integral
$$I_{n}=\int_{-\infty }^{\infty }ds_{1}\int_{-\infty}^{s_{1}}ds_{2}\cdots
\int_{-\infty }^{s_{2n-1}}ds_{2n}\;\cos {(s_{1}^{2}-s_{2}^{2})}\;\cdots
\cos ...

**9**

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210 views

### Does antidifferentiability of continuous functions imply Dedekind completeness?

Let $R$ be an ordered field, and let $I$ be {$x \in R: a < x < b$} for some $a < b$ in $R$. Define notions of $R$-continuity and $R$-differentiability for functions $f : I \rightarrow R$ by ...

**8**

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313 views

### Evaluating Shintani cone zeta functions

Hi everyone
I am trying the evaluate sums of the form
$$ \sum_{n_1>0,n_2>0,\ldots,n_m>0} \frac{1}{\big((a_{1,1}n_1 +\ldots +a_{1,m}n_m)^k \ldots (a_{m,1}n_1+ \ldots +a_{m,m}n_m)^k\big)}$$
...

**7**

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141 views

### If the generating function summation and zeta regularized sum of a divergent exist, do they always coincide?

One could assign a value to divergent series by means of several summation methods. One summation method we could consider is the generating function method. Let's sum, for example, the fibonacci ...

**7**

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254 views

### Uniform closure of subspaces of Baire class 1

Describe a uniformly closed linear subspace $A \subset C([0,1])$ such that the space $B_1(A)$ is not uniformly complete. Here $B_1(A)$ is the set of all bounded functions $f$ which are pointwise ...

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121 views

### Interpolation between L^1 and Sobolev Space

Suppose $D^\alpha$ is fractional differentiation of order $\alpha$ on the real line. Is it true that
$||D^\alpha f||_{L^\frac{2 \beta}{2 \beta - \alpha}({\mathbb R})} \leq C_{\alpha,\beta} ...

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115 views

### On derivatives of polynomials majorized by $\max(1,|x|^d)$

In the course of generalizing the Bernstein-Markov theorem to normed space, Harris came up with the following question.
Suppose that $p$ is a real polynomial satisfying $|p(x)| \leq (1+|x|)^d$. ...

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290 views

### Polynomials and divided differences

I would greatly appreciate any hint for proving the following.
Question: Let $f:[0, 1] \to {\bf R}$. Can it be proved that if $[0, 1/(N+m),\dots, (N+m)/(N+m) ; f ]=0$ for all $m=1,2, 3,\dots$, then ...

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196 views

### Is $Q_n(x)=\sigma_{n+1}(x)/\sigma_n(x)$ logarithmically convex on $\mathbf{R}$?

In 1975 J. van de Lune considered the monotony properties of the canonical Riemann Upper and Lower sums for $\int_0^1 t^xdt$, with $x>0$.
Writing $\sigma_n(x) := 1^x+2^x+\cdots+n^x$ these sums are
...

**5**

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84 views

### Oscillatory integrals of algebraic functions

Consider an algebraic function $\phi$ on $R^{d}$.
By this I mean that there exists a polynomial $P$
with coefficients in $R[x_1,...,x_d]$ (coefficients are polynomials!)
such that $P(\phi) = 0$
Let ...

**5**

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89 views

### Error of midpoint method for differentiable functions

Is it the case that for every differentiable function $f$ on $[0,1]$ (with finite one-sided derivatives at the endpoints), the midpoint method of estimating $\int_0^1 f(x) \: dx$ has error $o(1/n)$?
...

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148 views

### Is there an appropriate weighted Sobolev space to include exponential map and projection map?

Observe that given a non negative function
$\omega: \mathbb{R^2} \rightarrow [0, \infty)$, we can define the weighted
$L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^2, \omega) $ spaces. They are measurable functions
$f: ...

**5**

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194 views

### Sum of product maximum

For which pairs of integers $(n,m)$ is the maximum of the following function $$f(x)=\sum_{i_1+\dots +i_n=m}\prod_{k=1}^n x^{i_k}_{k},\ \ x=(x_1,\dots,x_n), \|x\|=1$$ attained when $x_1=\dots=x_n$?
...

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562 views

### Maximal ideals of the rings of Baire- One Functions

A real function $f:X\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ Is called Baire-one function, if there is a sequence $(f_n)_{n=1} ^\infty$ of continuous functions $f_n:X\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ on $X$ so that for all ...

**5**

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323 views

### Does every strictly increasing, unbounded sequence of positive real numbers contain arbitrarily long, finite subsequences which are “sort of increasing” or “sort of decreasing” (as defined below)?

Is the following true?
If $(x_0, x_1, \dots)$ is a strictly increasing, unbounded sequence of positive real numbers, then there exist fixed $M,N \geq 1$ such that the sequence $(x_0, x_1, \dots)$ ...

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492 views

### two versions of the nested interval property

There appear to be two different nested interval properties for the reals with the punchline "... then the intersection of the intervals is non-empty", and I'd like to know their respective histories ...

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309 views

### Independent Events Inducing Probability Measures

Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a sigma algebra over $\Omega$ and $M$ the set of all probability measures on $\mathcal{F}$. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be some collection of pairs $(A,B)$ with $ \ A,B\in\mathcal{F}$. Now ...

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155 views

### Reference for Hodge decomposition

Let $U$ be a bounded open subset of $\mathbb{R}^d$ with Lipschitz boundary, and $g \in L^2(U,\mathbb{R}^d)$ be a solenoidal vector field (i.e. $\nabla \cdot g = 0$). Then $g$ can be written in the ...

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82 views

### Strong convexity of the trace of the square root of a matrix function

Any clues about how to prove that the following function is strongly-concave in $x$? (We conjecture it is $2$-strongly concave but cannot prove it. We have already proved strict concavity through ...

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171 views

### Inverse Function Theorem on Zygmund Spaces, is the inverse in the same Zygmund Space?

Preliminary Definitions
Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open. We define the Zygmund spaces $C^r_{*}(\Omega)$ with $r>0$, $r \in \mathbb{R}$ in the following way: (all the functions are ...

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207 views

### Inverse of matrix-valued function

Given $c>0$. Let $\gamma_c:{\cal M}_{k \times k}^+\mapsto {\cal M}_{k \times k}^+$ is a function defined by
\begin{equation}
...

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210 views

### decreasing rearrangements: why the asymmetry of measure-preserving maps?

Ryff proved in 1970 that the decreasing rearrangement $f^*$ of a, say, continuous function $f:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}$ admits a measure preserving map $\phi$ such that $f=f^*\circ\phi$. In general it is ...

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174 views

### Literature on Exponential of a Quadratic Form

Let $A_i$, $i=1,\dots,L$ be given $N\times N$ positive definite real matrices. I have this sum of exponentials
\begin{align}
...

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408 views

### System of Equations Upper Bound

I asked a related question on math.stackexchange here but would now like to obtain a better bound. This question comes from a graph theory problem. I'll restate the new question here:
For ...

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155 views

### Differential operators that preserve real-rootedness

Is there some description of polynomial differential operators, $\mathcal{D}=\sum f_i(x) D_x^i$ such that, if $h$ is a polynomial all of whose roots are in $[0,1]$, then so are all the roots of ...

**4**

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185 views

### The ring generated by measures

Suppose $X$ is a space equipped with a $\sigma$-algebra $\mathcal{M}_X$. Then the set of measures on $X$ is closed under addition and scalar multiplication by elements of ${\mathbb R}$. Formally ...

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95 views

### rank of a C^1 map

I saw this three star problem in Hirsch ..
If we have open sets $U \subset R^3$ ,$V \subset R^2$ and $f:U \to V$ is $C^1$ and onto...Prove there is at least one point in $U$ where $f$ has full rank
...

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148 views

### Symmetric functions and regularity (II)

My previous question (where $n=2$) was a bit too naive. I think that this one, which is the one being of genuine interest to me, is more involved.
Let $f=\mathbb R^n\rightarrow\mathbb R$ be a ...

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381 views

### Cohomology of Real algebraic Varieities

I understand Serre's GAGA theorem as saying that equations over algebraically closed fields can be studied equally from the algebraic and analytic points of view, at least with respect to cohomology.
...

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772 views

### Proofs of Baire category theorem

I would like to have a list of proofs of the fact that the real line is not meager (also very useful would be a reference to such a list, if it already exists somewhere).
My motivation is the ...

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445 views

### continuous selection of a multivalued function?

The title is probably a bit too broad. I frequently encountered the following situation: suppose I need to select a solution to a linear equation from a compact set. Can I make this selection ...

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207 views

### Strong Law of Large Numbers for arrays of partly dependent random variables

Suppose $X_1$, $X_2$ are two independent real-valued random variables. Let $F$ be a continuous (unbounded) function from $\mathbb{R^2}$ to $\mathbb{R}$. Assume that the necessary measurability and ...

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82 views

### Convergence in energy of bounded (semi)subharmonic functions

Consider a sequence $(f_n)$ of functions in the flat torus $T^d$ converging Lebesgue-a.e. to a limit function $f$.
Assume that:
1) $|f_n|(x)\leq 1$ for every $n,x$
2) $\Delta f_n\geq -1$ in the ...

**3**

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71 views

### Is every supersmooth function a local polynomial?

This question is a follow up question to this question that I recently asked.
A $C^{\infty}$ function $f:(c,d)\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ shall be called a local polynomial if whenever ...

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187 views

### Does there exist a supersmooth non-polynomial function?

Let's call a $C^{\infty}$-function $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ Lebesgue supersmooth if whenever $a_{n}\in\mathbb{R}$ for all $n$, then $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}a_{n}f^{(n)}(x)\rightarrow 0$ ...

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86 views

### Density of function spaces

Let $\Omega$ be a subset of either $\mathbb{R}^n$ ($n\geq 3$, if it matters) or of a compact manifold. In either case, we'll call the manifold $M$. Let $V_i\subset V_{i+1} \subset \Omega$ be an ...

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150 views

### Boundary of an open, bounded and convex set in $\mathbb{R} ^n$

Let $U$ be an open, bounded and convex set in $\mathbb{R} ^n$. Since $\partial U$ is a rectifiable set it follows that up to a set of $H^{n-1}$-measure zero $\partial U$ is contained in a countable ...

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85 views

### Generalized family of Holder inequalities

Is the "only if" direction of the following fact known?
For fixed sequences $(a)_i = a_1, \dots, a_r$, $(b)_i = b_1, \dots, b_r$ and $(c)_i = c_1, \dots, c_r$, the inequality $\prod_{i = 1}^r ...

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55 views

### Limit of a hypergeometric integral

Let $n,N,T$ be positive integers, with $N=\binom{n}{2}$, and $3\leq n\leq T\leq N$. Define:
$$P(z):=z^{N+1-T}\int_0^1\frac{(1-t^2)^{n-2}}{(1-(1-z)t)^{N+1}}{}_2F_1\left[-T,N+1,N+2-T; ...

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66 views

### What are the criteria for an elementary function to be infinitely integrable in elementary functions?

What features of elementary functions define a class of functions whose consecutive indefinite integration also gives an elementary function?
Is there a way to check whether a given elementary ...

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144 views

### Is there such a matrix in $SO(n)$?

Given two $n$ dimensional positive definite matrices $A', B'$, is there a matrix $O \in SO(n)$ such that $A=O A', B=O B'$ and
$$
\frac{A_{ij}}{\sqrt{A_{ii}A_{jj}}} = ...

**3**

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112 views

### Tauberian theorem wanted

At least, I think it might deserve to be called a Tauberian theorem, inasmuch as it would generalize the Tauberian theorem mentioned by Liviu Nicolaescu in his reply to my question Using a quadratic ...

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128 views

### Is a particular set of polynomials dense in a set of functions?

Let us consider the set $\mathcal{F}$ of strictly increasing continuous functions from $[0;1]$ on $[0,1]$ that cancel in $0$ and are equal to $1$ in $1$. So, if $f\in \mathcal{F}$ one has $f(0)=0$ and ...

**3**

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231 views

### The functional equation of Hofstadter's Q sequence

Hofstadter's Q sequence is defined by $Q(1) = Q(2) = 1$ and
$Q(n) = Q(n-Q(n-1)) + Q(n-Q(n-2))$ for $n \geq 3$. So far hardly anything
on this sequence has been proved -- not even that $Q(n)$ is ...