**0**

votes

**0**answers

12 views

### Differntiability of Distance to a CLosed Convex Set

Let $A$ be a closed convex set in Banach space $( \mathbb{R}^n, \| \cdot\| )$. For any $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^n$, define $$Ｐ_{A}(\mathbf{x}) = \arg\min_{\mathbf{y}\in A} \| \mathbf{x} - \mathbf{y} ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

210 views

### Variation of Radon transform for probability measures on $\mathbb C$

Let $\mu$ be a probability measure on $\mathbb C$. For $z \in \mathbb C$, let $$f^z \colon \mathbb C \to \mathbb R_{\geq 0}$$ be the function $f^z(\lambda) = |\lambda - z|$. Consider now the family $(\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

65 views

### Inverting two paraboloid relations

Let's suppose we have two variables $(\alpha, \beta)$ on two functions $k_1, k_2$ that can be defined in terms of matrix relations:
$$
k_1 = \left| \xi^T \mathcal{F}^T \mathcal{F} \xi \right|
$$
$$
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

437 views

### On the embedding of a function space $X$ into $L^2\cap L^4$

It is well-known that if $\Omega\in \mathbb{R}^n$ is a bounded domain, then we have the embedding
$$
L^4({\Omega})\subset L^2({\Omega})
$$
since $||f||_{L^2(\Omega)}\leq C(\Omega) ||f||_{L^4(\Omega)}$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

16 views

### Splitting the region and estimating fractional Sobolev norms

x-post from math.stackexchange (http://math.stackexchange.com/q/1836766/349671), since the question arose from reading through a scientific paper:
I've been reading the paper "On the Bourgain, Brezis,...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

127 views

### A certain measure on Banach algebras

According to the comments of Nate Eldredge I did revise the question. In particular I change "$C^{*}$ algebras" to "Banach algebras".
Is there a reference who introduce the following measure on ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

101 views

### Convergence of Discrete Geodesic

Let $M$ be a Riemmanian manifold, $p\in M$ and $V\in T_p(M)$.
Suppose $f^{-1}:U_p \mapsto U$ is a diffeomorphism of a neighborhood of p to an open subset of $\mathbb{R}$ and define the sequence:
\...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

481 views

### Gross's log Sobolev inequality proof with variational calculus?

For $f\in C^{1}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$, Gross's logarithmic Sobolev inequality says that
$$\int f^{2} \log f^{2}\,d\mu -\int f^{2}\,d\mu \log\left(\int f^{2}\,d\mu\right)\leq \frac{2}{c}\int |\nabla f|^{2}...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

16 views

### The jump set of $SBV$ function for different value of parameter in image denoising problem

The classical Mumford-Shah image denoisng problem study the minimizer of the following functional, for each $\alpha>0$ where $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^2$ is open bounded with sommth boundary,
$$
u_\...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

185 views

### Proving the non-degeneracy of the critical points of the potential function for a certain vector field with $ n $ point-singularities

This question is an expansion of another question that I asked over at Math Stack Exchange.
In what follows, $ \alpha \in \mathbb{R}_{> 1} $ is a constant, $ n $ a fixed integer $ \geq 2 $, and $ [...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

265 views

### A question about composition of functions

Recently, I heard this question: are there two functions $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ and $g:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ such that $f\circ g$ is strictly increasing on $\mathbb{R}$ and $g\circ f$ is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Methods to tackle this series and get to the limit?

Take a look at the averaging sum
$$\frac{\pi}{n}\sum_{k=1}^n\;\exp{(-\sin\theta_k)}\cdot \sin(\theta_k +\cos\theta_k)\, \qquad\text{where }\;\theta_k=(2k-1)\frac{\pi}{2n}$$
depending on $n\in\...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### I have an embedding $\iota$ between two Hilbert spaces and want to know if $\iota\iota^\ast$ is something simple like an orthogonal projection

I'm reading A Concise Course on Stochastic Partial Differential Equations. In Proposition 2.5.2 the authors define the notion of a cylindrical $Q$-Wiener process $W$. It turns out that $W$ is just a $...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

219 views

### Density of convolution

Let $\{X_i\}$ be i.i.d random variables uniform on a measurable, symmetric set $A$ contained in $[-1,1]$. Let $g_{n}$ be density of $X_1+\ldots + X_n$.
Question (general): Is there any non-trivial ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

72 views

### Can we always extract a proper Hausdorff measurable subset from a Hausdorff measurable set?

I also put this question on MSE here
Let $\Gamma\subset \Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ be such that $\mathcal H^{N-1}(\Gamma)<+\infty$ (this also implise that $\Gamma$ is Hausdorff measurable).
Let $\...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Is the Lebesgue measure zero for the discontinuous set of a semicontinuous function? [migrated]

[Q.]
Is there a semicontinuous function, which has its discontinuous set with non-zero measure?
Remark:
Given a semicontinuous function, the set of all discontinuous points may be uncountable, for ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### Inner Products vs Discretizations of Functions

Let $f:(0,1)\rightarrow [0,1]$ be a $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}$ function.
We say that a function $D_r^f:\{1,...,r\}\rightarrow [0,1]$ is an $r$-discretization of $f$ if $$D_r^f(j) = \frac{1}{|a(j)-b(j)|}\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

45 views

### How much can the integrability at zero tell about the decay rate around zero? [migrated]

Suppose that $g$ is a continuous, nonincreasing and nonnegative function on $(0,1)$. The question is whether one can characterize the integrability of such functions at zero by their decay rates at ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

130 views

### Extremal problem for sequences

Let $a_n$ be a sequence of positive numbers and define $$A_n=\sum_{k=1}^{n-1} a_k a_{n-k}.$$ I am interested in the supremum of the following quantity $X/Y$ where $$X=\sum _{i=1}^{\infty } \left(\sum ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

19 views

### Measure of sub level of a torsion energy

Given a domain $\Omega$ (not necessarily open, but bounded. We can take quasi open domain). And let $u_{\Omega}$ be the minimizer of the torsion energy,
$$
\int_{\Omega}|\nabla u |^2\, -\, \int_{\...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

40 views

### characterization of normality by selection theorem

The Urysohn's extension theorem states that a space $X$ is normal iff every continuous function $f:A \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, with $A$ a closed subset of $X$, can be extended to a continuous function $...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Spaces with positive kernels

In my research I'm dealing with the following question.
Let $E$ set, $K:E \times E \to \mathbb R$ a positive type function, and $\mathcal H := \mathcal H(1+K)$ (in the sense of the Moore theorem). ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

245 views

### Interpolation between $L_1^0$ and $L_2^0$

Let $L_p^0$ be the mean zero functions in $L_p(G)$, where, say, $G$ is an infinite compact group endowed with normalized Haar measure. Suppose that $T$ is a bounded linear operator on $L_1$ that maps $...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

39 views

### Does there exist $\lambda_{\sigma(1)}$ such that $\mu(A\cap\{\lambda_{\sigma(1)}\neq0\})>0$?

Let $(\mathcal F,\Omega,\mu)$ be a measure space and $A\subseteq\Omega$ such that $\mu(A)>0$. Let $L^0$ be the space of all measurable functions.
We say $X_1,\ldots,X_k\in(L^0)^d=\prod_{k=1}^dL^0$...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Felix Klein on mean value theorem and infinitesimals

This is a reference request prompted by some intriguing comments made by Felix Klein.
In 1908, Felix Klein formulated a criterion of what it would take for a theory of infinitesimals to be ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### Well-definedness for a singular integral

Let $T_\alpha$ be a singular integral operator defined by
$$
T_{\alpha}[f](t):=\int_{0}^{t}\frac{f(t)-f(s)}{(t-s)^{\alpha+1}}ds
$$
for continuous functions $f$ on $[0,\infty)$ and $0<\alpha<1$.
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### Density of the linear span of products of harmonic polymomials

Let $\mathcal{H}$ denote the space of all harmonic polynomials with complex coefficients in $n$ variables $x_1,\ldots, x_n$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. I'm trying to show that the linear span of the set $\...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

86 views

### Continuous upper envelope of upper semicontinuous function

Let $u$ be a upper semicontinuous function on a compact set $K$ in $\mathbb R^d$. Define a space of continuous function dominating $u$ by
$$A = \{\phi \in C(K): \phi \ge u\}.$$
[Q.] Is the following ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

346 views

### About the generating structure of Borel field

This is a graduate-level measure theory problem. I have thought throught it and asked on math.SE but received no satisfying answer.
On P.32 of [P.Billingsley] Probability and Measure, 3ed, 1993, the ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

12 views

### Continuous function on compact topological space [migrated]

I came across the following statement.
Let $X$ a uncountable set, $p \notin X$ and $X^* = X \cup \{p\}$. Let $$\mathcal O := \{O \subseteq X^* \mid O \subseteq X \text{ or } p \in O \text{ and } X \...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Step 2 of The Strichartz's Estimates in Cazenave's Book

My question is from Cazenave's book "Semilinear Schrödinger Equation", page 35. I am stuck with Step 2 of the Strichartz's estimates.
The book says that $||\Phi_f(t)||_{L^2}^2=\left(\int_0^t \...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

161 views

### Morrey's inequality for Sobolev spaces of fractional order

Let $H^s(\mathbb T)$, where $s\in\mathbb R$, be the space of $2\pi$-periodic functions (or distributions), $u(x)=\sum_{k\in\mathbb Z}\hat u_k\,\mathrm{e}^{ikx}$, such that
$$
\|u\|_{H^s}^2=\sum_{k\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

32 views

### Compute Mixed Volume with Respect to Some Regular Sets

Let $( \mathbb{R}^n, \mathcal{B}, \gamma)$ be a measure space where $\mathcal{B}$ is the Borel sigma algebra and $\gamma$ is a continuous measure. For $A, B\in \mathcal{B}$ that are convex, the mixed ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### weak convergence in $H_0^1$ and strong convergence in $L^2$

I'm reading a hand-waving argument in a proof of Chapter 7 of the Navier-Stokes Equations by Constantin and Foias. I would like to know if I understand it correctly.
Let $\Omega\subset{\mathbb{R}^n}$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### Equivalent Definitions of the Gaussian Surface Measure for Regular Sets

I wonder if the following definitions of the Gaussian surface measure are equivalent.
First, let $\mathbb{R}^n$ be the Euclidean space and $A \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be a sufficiently regular set, e....

**10**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### Sequence of nested sets in $[0, 1]$ with bound on gaps

What is the best possible $\epsilon$ and sequence $(a_n)_{n = 1}^\infty \subset [0, 1]$ we can find such that
$$
d_{N}:=\sup_{x\in [0,1]}\inf_{n=1}^N |x-a_n|\leq \frac{1+\epsilon}{N}
$$
for all $N\in ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Generalized singular numbers and the Haagerup $L^p$ spaces

Let $M$ be a semi-finite von Neumann algebra with a trace $\tau$.Let $S(M)$ be the algebra of all affiliated operators measurable with respect to $M$.
The $L^p$ norm on $M$ is given by
\begin{...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

963 views

### For what nonnegative measures $\mu$ does $\mu*e^{-|\cdot|}\in L^{\infty}$?

I am trying to characterize all measures on $\mathbb{R}$ such that
$$
\sup_{x\in\mathbb{R}} \: (\mu*f)(x)<+\infty,
$$
where $f(x)$ is some specific integrable functions, such as $f(x)=e^{-|x|}$, ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

873 views

### The origin of the Ramanujan's $\pi^4\approx 2143/22$ identity

What is the origin of the Ramanujan's approximate identity $$\pi^4\approx 2143/22,\;\;\tag 1$$ which is valid with $10^{-9}$ relative accuracy? For comparison, the relative accuracy of the well known $...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Smooth Approximation of Indicator Function of Convex Sets in $\mathbb{R}^n$

Let $( \mathbb{R}^n, \| \cdot \|_P)$ be the $n$-dimensional Euclidean space equipped with $\ell_p$-norm $\| \cdot \|_p$ for some $p\in [1, + \infty]$. Let $A$ be a convex set in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and ...

**31**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### Is the following identity true?

Calculation suggests the following identity:
$$
\lim_{n\to \infty}\sum_{k=1}^{n}\frac{(-1)^k}{k}\sum_{j=1}^k\frac{1}{2j-1}=\frac{1-\sqrt{5}}{2}.
$$
I have verified this identity for $n$ up to $5000$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Uniqueness from orthogonality relation?

This question was posted yesterday on MathOverflow by Michael Smith and received a number of upvotes. I too think the question was interesting. However, for some unknown to me reasons, it has been ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### bounding derivative of a sequence

I've been banging my head against the wall on this one ... define a sequence of polynomials $q_n$ by $q_0 = 0$ and $$q_{n+1} = q_n + .5(t^2 - q_n^2).$$ If $q_n \leq t$ on $[0,1]$ then $$.5(t^2 - q_n^2)...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Domain of Laplacian

Let $L$ be an operator on $C^2(\mathbb R)$, defined by
$$L \phi (x) = \int_{|y|<1} (\phi(x+y) - \phi(x) - \phi'(x) \ y)\ \nu(dy), \text{ for all } x\in \mathbb R$$
for a measure $\nu(dy) = |y|^{-2} ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Equivalence between Sobolev norm and Sobolev-Slobodeckij norm for $W^{s,p}(\Omega)$ when $s$ is an integer

Take $W^{1,2} = H^1$ for example. If we still use Slobodeckij norm (which is normally defined for a fractional Sobolev space) as follows for a $u\in H^1(\Omega)$ with the exponent being in integer:
$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

117 views

### A problem about the quotient space of an extended Dirichlet space

Let $(\mathscr{E},\mathscr{F})$ be a recurrent Dirichlet form on $L^2(X;m)$ and $\mathscr{F}_e$ the corresponding extended Dirichlet space, then $1\in\mathscr{F}_e$ and $\mathscr{E}(1,1)=0$. Let ${\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Density argument with Schwartz functions?

I was wondering whether the Schwartz functions are also dense in
$$\{f \in L^2(\mathbb{R}^n); \int_{\mathbb{R}^n} |x|^2 |f(x)|^2 dx + \int_{\mathbb{R}^n}|\xi|^2 |\hat{f}(\xi)|^2 d \xi < \infty\}$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

96 views

### Is there a way to solve this integral equation?

I have ran into the following integral equation as part of my phd research project, trying to enforce a boundary condition of a parabolic pde problem.
For $\xi = (\alpha\theta)^{1/\alpha}$ and for ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

244 views

### How can we obtain the $-\frac{4\pi}3\mu(x)$ term?

Given the expression
$$K_{ik} := \frac{\partial}{\partial x_k} \int_{\mathscr X} \frac{y_i-x_i}{|y-x|^3} \mu(y) dy,$$
where $\mathscr X=\mathbb R^3$, how does one derive the expression
\begin{align}
...

**-4**

votes

**2**answers

179 views

### Continuous map from $\mathbb R^2$ to $\mathbb R$? [closed]

There must be a map from $\mathbb R^2$ to $\mathbb R$, since they are the same cardinality. But is there a construction for a continuous map from $\mathbb R^2$ to $\mathbb R$?
I guess what I mean is ...