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### Question on a proof by Solonnikov,Ladyzhenskaya,Ural'tseva

I have already asked this question on Mathematics SE, because I suppose that it is not research level. But I haven't got an answer, possibly here someone can answer.
Let $G(t,x)$ be the fundamental ...

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**0**answers

79 views

### Roots in the solution

It is known that for a one-dimensional self-adjoint operator with periodic boundary conditions, the number of roots is directly related to the eigenstate this eigenfunction belongs to.
Now it is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

412 views

### For what nonnegative measures $\mu$ does $\mu*e^{-|\cdot|}\in L^{\infty}$?

I am trying to characterize all measures on $\mathbb{R}$ such that
$$
\sup_{x\in\mathbb{R}} \: (\mu*f)(x)<+\infty,
$$
where $f(x)$ is some specific integrable functions, such as $f(x)=e^{-|x|}$, ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Is there a natural measures on the space of measurable functions?

Given a set Ω and a σ-algebra F of subsets, is there some natural way to assign something like a "uniform" measure on the space of all measurable functions on this space? (I suppose first ...

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**0**answers

23 views

### Baire sets in locally compact Hausdorff spaces

I posed this on 14 Dec. at http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1067751/baire-sets-in-locally-compact-hausdorff-spaces, but there has been no response:
(This is a follow-up to ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Oscillatory integrals of algebraic functions

Consider an algebraic function $\phi$ on $R^{d}$.
By this I mean that there exists a polynomial $P$
with coefficients in $R[x_1,...,x_d]$ (coefficients are polynomials!)
such that $P(\phi) = 0$
Let ...

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**0**answers

45 views

### Schoenberg correspondence on $L^p$

Schoenberg correspondence states that $\psi: \mathbb R^d\longrightarrow \mathbb C$ is conditionally positive definite and hermitian if and only if $e^{t\psi}$ is positive definite for each $t>0$. ...

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**1**answer

63 views

### Analytic extension of the exterior Newtonian potential into the domain

I just want to know for a domain with smooth boundary whether exterior Newtonian potential has singular analytic extension into the domain or into a part of the domain.
Definition of Newtonian ...

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**0**answers

248 views

### A question about intuitionistic analysis

In Michael Dummett's book "Elements of Intuitionism", the product of real numbers is defined as follow:
$x\cdot y= \{ \langle r_n\rangle \cdot \langle s_n\rangle$ | $\langle r_n\rangle\in x , \langle ...

**52**

votes

**30**answers

32k views

### Why do we teach calculus students the derivative as a limit?

I'm not teaching calculus right now, but I talk to someone who does, and the question that came up is why emphasize the $h \to 0$ definition of a derivative to calculus students?
Something a teacher ...

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48 views

### Chebyshev polynomials and uniformly convergence [on hold]

Let $P_n(x)=\csc(n\alpha)T_{n-1}(x)-\cot(n\alpha)x$ be a sequence of polynomials. Where $T_n(x)$ is the $n-th$ Chebyshev polynomial of the first kind, and $\alpha\in[0,2\pi]$. Is there uniformly ...

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**2**answers

314 views

### Morse lemma with least amount of regularity.

I recently came across with $C^2$ Morse functions in my work and as I was reviewing some of the stuff I learned about Morse theory, I noticed that all the proofs of the Morse lemma I could come across ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Fourier transform of $sin(\frac{1}{x})$ for $x > 0 (x > 1)$

Please, give me the cue: does exist analytical representation of Fourier Transform of $sin(\frac{1}{x})$ for$ x>0$ (or $x>1$). Maybe exist an approximation of $FT(sin(\frac{1}{x}))$ by Bessel ...

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**18**answers

17k views

### Text for an introductory Real Analysis course.

Any suggestions on a good text to use for teaching an introductory Real Analysis course? Specifically what have you found to be useful about the approach taken in specific texts?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### Surjectivity of “nice maps” from local properties

What tools are available from real algebraic geometry, analysis and
topology to check surjectivity of a map $f:M_{1}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^{d}$
from local properties and maybe function values?
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

137 views

### The class of bounded uniformly continuous functions in viscosity solution theory for Hamilton-Jacobi equations

Dumb question: Usually in viscosity solution theory for Hamilton Jacobi equations (with convex, coercive Hamiltonians), solutions are said to be in the class $BUC(\mathbb{R}^n)$ or ...

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**1**answer

108 views

### Another type of derivative, and the associated primitive

Let $\mathbf{v}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a continuous function, such that $||\mathbf{v}(t)||=1,\ \forall t\in (a,b)$. Find all continuous functions $\mathbf{r}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ so that:
$
...

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**0**answers

51 views

### Implicit function theorem on boundary points

I have the following examples:
(1) $xy-1=0$ with $x\ge 0$. By the implicit function theorem, we can solve when $x\in(0, \infty)$. Here on the boundary we have $y=\frac{1}{x}\rightarrow \infty$ as ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

63 views

### Finding conditions to guarantee existence of solutions to IVP [closed]

Consider the following IVP:
$x'=f(t,x)$ and $x(0)=x_0$, where $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $t\in \mathbb{R}$.
Suppose that for all $(t,x)\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$, $|f(t,x)|\leq b(t) |x|^2$.
In order for the ...

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votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Banach space of discontinuous functions(Killing continuous functions)

Edit: According to the comment of Prof. Majer, I revise the question:
For a metric space $X$, we put $A=\{f:X\to \mathbb{C}\mid \text{f is bounded}\}$. We define two semi norm on $A$
...

**-2**

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**0**answers

31 views

### Convergent Subsequences in $C[0,1]$ [closed]

In $C[0,1]$, consider the subset $E=\{ f \in C^1[0,1] \ : \ |f(0)| \leq 1, |f'(x)| \leq 1\}$
Show that every sequence in $E$ has a subsequence that converges in $C[0,1]$.
How do you use ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### A set with positive measure has a point for which every open interval around it has positive measure [closed]

Let $\mu$ be a measure on $(\mathbb{R},\mathcal{B})$. Let $B \in \mathcal{B}$ be such that
$B \in (-\infty,\infty) $ and $\mu(B) >0$. Give a proof or else give a counter example to the assertion: ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Prove a function, defined by integration of a harmonic function, is log-convex [closed]

Let $u$ be a harmonic function and we define
$$ q(r)=\int_{\partial B(0,r)}u^2(x)\,dx $$
The question is about to prove that $q(r)$ is log-convex, i.e., I want to show $\log q(r)$ is convex function ...

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**0**answers

22 views

### continuous extensions of concave functions

Let $N$ be a lattice. For a ring R we denote $N_R := N \otimes R$. My question is the following:
Does a continuous and concave function
\begin{eqnarray*}
f: N_{\mathbb{Q}} \to \mathbb{R}
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### The weighting function for the infinite product of necklaces

Let us consider the limit $\lim_{n\to \infty}\prod_{p=1}^n N(p,a)$ where $N(n,a)$ is the number of fixed necklaces of length $n$ composed of $a$ types of beads.
Let's rewrite the product in a way ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Question regarding to approximate continuity

Given $u\in BV(R^N)$, we say $u$ is approximate continuous at $x$ and the approximation limit is $l\in R$ if
$$ \lim_{r\to 0}\frac{\mathcal{L}^N(B(x,r)\cap \{|u-l|>\epsilon\})}{r^N} =0 $$
for all ...

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137 views

### A generalization of Jensen's Inequality

Jensen's inequality is well known as
$$E\big[f(X)\big]\le f\big(E[X]\big)$$
where $X$ is a integrable random variable and $f: R\to R$ is a bounded concave function, see also ...

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votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Upper and lower limits [closed]

Find the following limits:
(1) $\limsup_{n\to\infty } \sin (n!) $
(2) $\liminf_{n\to\infty } \sin (n!) $
(3) $\limsup_{n\to\infty } \cos (n!) $
(4) $\liminf_{n\to\infty } \cos (n!) .$

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61 views

### A monoid-structure on pairs of interlacing polynomials

Let us call a pair of two real polynomials $(P,Q)$ interlacing if $\deg(P)=\deg(Q)+1$, both polynomials have strictly positive leading coefficients and $P,Q$ have only real roots which interlace ...

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**2**answers

430 views

### A generalized mean-value theorem

I'm pretty sure that if the function $f$ is continuous on $[x_1,x_3]$ and twice-differentiable on $(x_1,x_3)$, with $x_1 < x_2 < x_3$, then there must exist $x$ in $(x_1,x_3)$ for which $f''(x)$ ...

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**0**answers

153 views

### Separability of the space $C(C[0, 1], \mathbb{R})$

Let $E=C([0, 1])$ be the space of all real-valued continuous functions on $[0, 1]$, equipped with the uniform norm. $C(E)$ stand for the continuous real-valued functions on $E$.
I am wondering that ...

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votes

**4**answers

252 views

### Are these three different notions of a graph Laplacian?

I seem to see three different things that are being called the Laplacian of a graph,
One is the matrix $L_1 = D - A$ where $D$ is a diagonal matrix consisting of degrees of all the vertices and $A$ ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

358 views

### Which ordered fields are homeomorphic to their power?

It is well known that $\mathbb{R}^2\ncong \mathbb{R}$. It is also known that $\mathbb{Q}^2\cong \mathbb{Q}$. It is a corollary to Sierpiński's theorem which states that every countable metric space ...

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votes

**19**answers

6k views

### Interesting applications (in pure mathematics) of first-year calculus

What interesting applications are there for theorems or other results studied in first-year calculus courses?
A good example for such an application would be using a calculus theorem to prove a ...

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votes

**1**answer

155 views

### The Largest Root of Associated Laguerre Polynomial

The Laguerre polynomial $L_n(x)$ is the solution to the Laguerre differential equation
\begin{equation*}
x\,y'' + (1 - x)\,y' + n\,y = 0.
\end{equation*}
The associated Laguerre polynomial ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

92 views

### Lebesgue point and regularity of functions

A known theorem says that for $f \in L_{loc}^1(\mathbb{R}^d)$, almost every point is a Lebesgue point.
I know too a theorem saying that for $f \in W_{loc}^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^d)$ , every point is a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

249 views

### Does this function have any exponential growth?

Has anyone seen any function of the following type?
$$
g(x):=\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}\exp\left(-\frac{a^n}{x}\right),\quad a>1,x\ge 0.
$$
The question is whether for some constant ...

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82 views

### Do they have the same limit?

Suppose $a(\cdot)\in L^p$ and is symmetric and $b(\cdot)\in L^q$, where $1/p+2/q=2$, $p,q\ge 1$. Consider the quantity $Q_T=$
$$
...

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**1**answer

203 views

### Limits of functions with converging zeros

What can one say about the derivatives of a smooth function of several variables that is a limit of smooth functions with converging zeros?
More precisely, suppose that $f_i: R^n \to R^m$ is a ...

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**1**answer

191 views

### Continuity of a Functional

A certain functional $T$ is defined as:
$$T(F)=\int_{(0,1)}F^{-1}(s)M(ds)$$
where $M$ is a probability measure with support $[\alpha,1-\alpha]$,for $\alpha>0$.
The result that above functional is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

109 views

### Absolutely continuous functions

it is well known that if a function $f:[0,T]\to\mathbb{R}$ satisfies the inequality
$$\vert f(t)-f(s)\vert\leq \int_s^t{m(r) dr},$$
for $s<t$ and some $m\in L^1([0,T])$ then $f$ is absolutely ...

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**0**answers

74 views

### Asymptotic analysis of a sum of complex summands using integral

I'm trying to find the exact asymptotics of a sum:
$$A = \sum^n_{i=0} \begin{pmatrix} 2n \\ i \end{pmatrix} x^{i} y^{2n-i} $$
as $n\rightarrow\infty$. Here $x,y$ are complex numbers, $|x|\leq1, ...

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**1**answer

163 views

### meromorphic extension of a function

Let $\Lambda\in \mathbf{C}$ be a discrete subset. We assume that $\mathrm{Re}(\lambda)<0$ for all the $\lambda\in \Lambda$. For $i\in \mathbf{N}$, $\lambda\in \Lambda$, let $m_{i,\lambda}\in ...

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68 views

### Is there an improvement for the Schur-Horn inequalities for positive semi-definite matrices?

By the Schur-Horn inequality I am thinking of the statement that for any Hermitian matrix $H$ its diagonal n-tuple $(H_{11},H_{22},..,H_{nn})$ for any choice of basis lies in the convex hull of the ...

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**2**answers

47 views

### Systems of ODEs that fulfill a matrix relationship at steady state [closed]

It is well known that for a system of linear ODE $$x'(t) = A(t) \cdot x(t) + b(t)$$
with initial condition $x(t_0) = x_0$, that for a solution at any other time point $t_1$, $x(t_1) = (z_1, \ldots, ...

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**0**answers

22 views

### why is $\frac {dy}{dx} dx = dy$? [migrated]

if $y$ is a function of $x$, why is $\frac {dy}{dx} dx = dy$? This has been bugging me. Why is it you can treat that as a fraction?
I would like the traditional calculus view first if possible, then ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### Do the sequences with divergent associated $\zeta$-function form a vector space?

Let $V$ be the set of sequences $a \in\mathbb{R}^\mathbb{N}$ such that $\lim_{n\to\infty} a_n = 0$. The set $V$ can be seen as a real vector space, with pointwise addition and scalar multiplication.
...

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**4**answers

5k views

### How did Bernoulli prove L'Hôpital's rule?

To prove L'Hôpital's rule, the standard method is to use use Cauchy's Mean Value Theorem (and note that once you have Cauchy's MVT, you don't need an $\epsilon$-$\delta$ definition of limit to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

290 views

### Beurling density and interpolation

Let $\Lambda=\{\lambda_n\}_1^\infty$ a set of points on the real line. We denote by $\bar{n}(r)$ the largest number of points in any interval $[x,x+r]$, $r>0$. Define the upper uniform density ...

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**1**answer

285 views

### Strong Law of Large Numbers for arrays of partly dependent random variables

Suppose $X_1$, $X_2$ are two independent real-valued random variables. Let $F$ be a continuous (unbounded) function from $\mathbb{R^2}$ to $\mathbb{R}$. Assume that the necessary measurability and ...