**0**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### separable BV space for PDE's, Whats stopping us?

Consider the metric space BV(0,1) with the following metric
$$ d(u,v) = \|u-v\|_{L^1} + |TV(u)-TV(v)| $$. It is separable, compact, uniformly bounded and complete. So What is the really obvious thing ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Existence of a fixed point [on hold]

Let $[a,b]$, $[c,d]$ be two intervals of $\mathbb{R}$ with $a\lt c\lt b\lt d$ and $f:[a,b]\to[c,d]$ be a bijective, smooth function.
My question is:
Which condition(s) would guarantee existence ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

211 views

### Fourier transform localisation (still unanswered, but apparently off-topic?) [on hold]

In the context of Pólya's theorem I was reading these notes here on p. 19. In the last paragraph the authors claim (it is the sentence starting like "standard Fourier theory shows...") that the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

39 views

### Laplace method with “bad” zero set

It is well-known that if $\phi:\mathbb{R}^n \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a function with $\phi(0) = 0$, $\phi(x)>0$ if $x \neq 0$ and $D^2\phi(0) \geq 0$, then the integral
$$\int_{\mathbb{R}^n} ...

**17**

votes

**21**answers

23k views

### Text for an introductory Real Analysis course.

Any suggestions on a good text to use for teaching an introductory Real Analysis course? Specifically what have you found to be useful about the approach taken in specific texts?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### The weighting function for the infinite product of necklaces

Let us consider the limit $\lim_{n\to \infty}\prod_{p=1}^n N(p,a)$ where $N(n,a)$ is the number of fixed necklaces of length $n$ composed of $a$ types of beads.
Let's rewrite the product in a way ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

39 views

### Suppose a real differentiable function with its derivative not infinity, it is sure that its second symmetric derivative should exist? [on hold]

Suppose a real differentiable function $h(x)$ with its derivative not infinity, it is sure that its second symmetric derivative ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### Two Concepts of Monotonicity

Let $K$ be a closed convex subset in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $F: K\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$. We say that
$F$ is strongly monotone on $K$ if there exists $\gamma>0$ such that
$$
\langle F(y)-F(x), ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Derivatives of Mollified functions

I'm reading Controlled Diffusion Process by N.V. Krylov. On page 87-88, in the proof of theorem II.6.1, it says the following:
Let $\sigma(t,x)$ be a matrix of dimension $d\times d$, and let $b(t,x)$ ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Upper bound for a sum including Andre polynomial coefficients

Let $ c_{n,k} $ be a sequence defined by the following relations: $\displaystyle c_{n,0} = 1, \hspace{0.1cm} (n \ge 1)$;
$$ c_{n,k} = (k+1) c_{n-1,k} +(n-2k+1) c_{n-1,k-1}, \hspace{0.5cm} (1 \leq k ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

249 views

### Improper integral $\int_0^1 \frac{\exp(ctx)}{\sqrt{(\exp(bt)-1)(1-\exp(atx))-(1-\exp(at))(\exp(btx)-1)}} dx$ with $-a$ and $b$ positive

Is the following function real analytic in $t>0$:
$$F(t)=\int_0^1\frac{\exp(ctx)}{\sqrt{(\exp(bt)-1)(1-\exp(atx))-(1-\exp(at))(\exp(btx)-1)}} dx,$$
where $-a$ and $b$ are positive, and $c\not=a$?
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

309 views

### Properties of the solution of the heat equation

Note 1: the following question has been post on Math Stackexchange here but receive no respond. So I post it here to get more attention.
Note 2: This is my research problem, but the original problem ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Improving Baumgartner's result?

Q1: Is it consistent with the failure of CH to have an $\aleph_1$-dense subset $A \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ such that for every $X \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ of size $\aleph_1$, there is a $C^{\infty}$ map $F: ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

207 views

### Recurrence Formula for Zernike polynomials

I'm not sure if this is research level, so if this result is known, please excuse the intrusion. I am trying to find a relation between solutions of the Laplacian equation in $4$ dimensions and those ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### For a given $n$, under what condition(s) there exists (at least) two different $c$ and $c′$ such that $X_n^c=X_n^{c'}$

Let $X_n^c=\{\cos\left((4k-c)\frac{\pi}{2n}+\frac{\pi}{4}\right): k=0, 1, \dots, n-1\}$ where $c\in\{0, 1, \ldots, \lfloor\frac{n}{2}\rfloor\}$ and $n$ is any positive integer greater than 3. I want ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

54 views

### Complement of a finite union of convex sets

Question. Let $V_1,\ldots,V_n$ be open, bounded and convex subsets of $\mathbb R^2$. Show that $F=\mathbb R^2\smallsetminus\bigcup_{i=1}^n V_i$ possesses only finitely many connected components.
I ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### An increasing sequence of real numbers [closed]

This was first posted to SE, but now I think its better to be posted here.
For what positive real numbers $\alpha$, the sequence $a_n = \frac{\lfloor n\alpha\rfloor}n $ is (not necessary strictly) ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

266 views

### Gross's log Sobolev inequality proof with variational calculus?

For $f\in C^{1}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$, Gross's logarithmic Sobolev inequality says that
$$\int f^{2} \log f^{2}\,d\mu -\int f^{2}\,d\mu \log\left(\int f^{2}\,d\mu\right)\leq \frac{2}{c}\int |\nabla ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Integrating a series expansion of $\mbox{frac}(x)\lfloor x\rfloor$ coming from Fourier series of sawtooth function

Let me preface this question by saying that I am not exactly sure it counts as research level. It is crossposted on mathstackexchange: ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the q-Bernstein operator

The Bernstein operator maps $f\in C[0,1]$ to its Bernstein
polynomial $B_n f.$ The eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the
Bernstein operator on $C[0,1]$ have been described in [1]. Similar description ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Unusual isoperimetry and maximizing the measure of unions of translates of a set

Let me state a standard result first. Let a $A\subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a set of fixed volume. Define $A_t$ to be the set of all points at distance at most $t$ from $A$. Then the volume of $A_t$ is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

102 views

### A metric on the set of BV functions, is it mentioned/studied in literature?

I'd like to propose the following metric which operates on the set $M$ of all square integrable functions that are also of bounded variation, of the form $f : (0,1) \to \mathbb{R}$.
Given any $x,y \in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

15 views

### why the equation $f^{(n)}(x)=0$ has at least $n-1$ distinct roots in $(-1,1)$ [migrated]

Let $f \in C^{(n)} ( (-1,1) )$ and $\sup_{-1<x<1}|f(x)|\leq 1$.
show that:
There exists a number $\alpha_n$ depending only on $n$ such that if $|f'(0)|\geq \alpha_n$,then the equation ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### Double Integral Equations

In my research I've come across a handful of double integral equations, and I'm nearly at a total loss for how to derive anything useful from such things.
I've been lead to believe that even single ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### About the generating structure of Borel field

This is a graduate-level measure theory problem. I have thought throught it and asked on math.SE but received no satisfying answer.
On P.32 of [P.Billingsley] Probability and Measure, 3ed, 1993, the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### Proof without distributions

I was wondering whether there is a way to show this identity
$$\pi \int_{\mathbb{R}^3} \frac{f(x)}{|x|} dx = \int_{\mathbb{R}^3} \frac{\widehat{f(x)}}{|x|^2} dx $$ without using distributions for $f ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Proving Richardson's theorem for constants

(I asked this a little over 3 months ago on math.SE, and when I initially re-asked here, no one had responded there. $\:$ After I re-asked here, Eric Towers responded there, since I had forgotten to ...

**16**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Is there a natural measures on the space of measurable functions?

Given a set Ω and a σ-algebra F of subsets, is there some natural way to assign something like a "uniform" measure on the space of all measurable functions on this space? (I suppose first ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

792 views

### For what nonnegative measures $\mu$ does $\mu*e^{-|\cdot|}\in L^{\infty}$?

I am trying to characterize all measures on $\mathbb{R}$ such that
$$
\sup_{x\in\mathbb{R}} \: (\mu*f)(x)<+\infty,
$$
where $f(x)$ is some specific integrable functions, such as $f(x)=e^{-|x|}$, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### An alternative to the Euler--Maclaurin formula: Approximating sums by integrals only

The Euler--MacLaurin summation formula can be written as
$$ \sum_{i=0}^{n-1} f(k)\approx \int^{n-1}_0f(x)\,dx
+ \frac{f(n-1) + f(0)}2
+
\sum_{j=1}^m\frac{B_{2j}}{(2j)!}[f^{(2j - ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

242 views

### Intermediate value for a vector-valued function

Consider a vector-valued function $f: [0,1]^n\rightarrow[0,1]^n$. Write $f(x)=\{f_1(x), ..., f_n(x)\}$ with $x\in[0,1]^n$, where the $f_i: [0,1]^n\rightarrow[0,1]$ are continuous functions with the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### An open mapping theorem for homogeneous functions?

I am researching different generalizations of the familiar open mapping theorem from functional analysis. Every "proof" I attempt while simply assuming positive-homogeneity, even in the finite-dim ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

288 views

### How can I show that “almost all function” have property P?

The following is cross-posted from
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1391293/is-almost-all-function-a-well-defined-concept
since I didn't (yet) get an answer there.
(I hope that's okay?)
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Generalization of asymptotic notations like big O or little o notation [migrated]

Context and question
For a thesis I need to prove all the arithmetic rules for asymptotic notations – such as $O(\cdot)$ or $\omega(\cdot)$ – I have used (which are a lot). Currently I look for a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

61 views

### Optimal covering with finite subcollection of open sets

This is mainly a reference request. Consider a finite collection of (let's say, for simplicity) of open balls $B_i, i = 1, 2, ..., m$ in (again, for simplicity) $\mathbb{R}^n$. I am looking for ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

**6**

votes

**1**answer

829 views

### A result attributed to Whitney

One of the basic results of real analysis says that any closed subset of a smooth ($C^\infty$) manifold $M$ is the set of zeros of some map $\lambda\in C^\infty(M;[0,1])$. This result (or some ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

811 views

### On Hamkins' answer to a problem by Michael Hardy

Based on a post by Michael Hardy and Hamkins' answer to it Andreas Blass, Will Brian, Joel Hamkins, Michael Hardy and Paul Larson introduced a new cardinal characteristic of the continuum ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

17 views

### Numerical integration over a cube with non-product weight

Numerical integration over an interval with (well-behaved) weight functions is a research area that has received considerable attention in the past centuries. Any cubature formula over a interval ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

25 views

### Beurling density $D(X)$ of $X=\{x_j\in\mathbb R, \ |x_j-x_{i}|>\gamma>0: \ i,j\in\mathbb Z\}$

Beurling density of set $X$ is defined (see, for example "Nonuniform Sampling and Reconstruction in Shift-Invariant Spaces" by Aldroubi and Grochenig) as:
$$D(X)=\lim_{r\rightarrow \infty} ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

131 views

### Asymptotics of the derivatives of analytic functions

Are there sources that treat questions like the following ones?
Suppose that $f\colon\mathbb{C}\to\mathbb{C}$ is an entire function such that $f(x)$ is real for all real $x$ and $f(x)\sim1/x$ as ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### comparing norms of tensor product of two Hilbert spaces

Suppose $H_1$ and $H_2$ are two Hilbert spaces with dimension $n$ and $m$, for $ x \in H_1 \otimes H_2$
consider $$\|x\|_\pi = \inf \left\{ \sum_{i=1}^n \|a_i\| \|b_i\| : x = \sum_{i} a_i \otimes b_i ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### convex function with distributional Hessian $D^2 f \leqslant \lambda$, $\lambda$-concave?

Let $f:R^n \to R$ be convex (may not $C^1$), $$[D^2f]=[D^2f]_{ac}+[D^2f]_s=[h_{ij}] L^n+[D^2f]_s$$ is the Lebesgue decomposition of the Hessian matrix. Where $[h_{ij}]$ is the density w.r.t the ...

**50**

votes

**1**answer

645 views

### Continuous maps which send intervals of $\mathbb{R}$ to convex subsets of $\mathbb{R}^2$

Let $f : \mathbb{R} \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ be a continuous map which sends any interval $I \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ to a convex subset $f(I)$ of $\mathbb{R}^2$. Is it true that there must be a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### The properties of the solution pf minimizing problem with different parameters

I asked an similar problem before but received no respond. Here I modified the problem, add in more informations and assumptions, and with an extra question...
Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^2$ be open ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Extension of Dynkin's formula, conclude that process is a martingale

This question was asked here, but it did not get enough attention, so I'm crossposting it to MO.
Let $u: \mathbb{R}_+ \times \mathbb{R}^d$ be a bounded $C^2$ function whose first and second partial ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

375 views

### Hahn-Banach theorem with convex majorant

At least 99% of books on functional analysis state and prove the Hahn-Banach theorem in the following form: Let $p:X\to \mathbb R$ be sublinear on a real vector space, $L$ a subspace of $X$, and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### On the embedding of a function space $X$ into $L^2\cap L^4$

It is well-known that if $\Omega\in \mathbb{R}^n$ is a bounded domain, then we have the embedding
$$
L^4({\Omega})\subset L^2({\Omega})
$$
since $||f||_{L^2(\Omega)}\leq C(\Omega) ||f||_{L^4(\Omega)}$ ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

745 views

### a determinantal identity

Dusan Pokorny and Jan Rataj have just posted a paper (http://arxiv.org/abs/1209.2305) in which they prove the identity
$$
\det (A-B) = \frac 1{d!} \sum_{k=0}^d (-1)^k \binom dk \det((d-k)A + kB)
$$
...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

480 views

### Probability that planar Brownian motion doesn't “encircle” 0

Suppose $B_t$ is a standard Brownian motion in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and $T = \text{inf}\{t : |B_t| = 1\}$. Let $E$ denote the event that $0$ is contained in the unbounded component of $\mathbb{R}^2 ...