# Tagged Questions

The real-analysis tag has no wiki summary.

**14**

votes

**1**answer

296 views

### Minimum value of $|p(1)|^2+|p(2)|^2 +…+ |p(n+3)|^2$ over all monic polynomials $p$

Let $n$ be a positive integer. Determine the smallest possible value of $|p(1)|^2+|p(2)|^2 +...+ |p(n+3)|^2$ over all monic polynomials $p$ of degree $n$.
This question was proposed (problem ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### On Cantor sets every map is $C^{\infty}$

For a fixed Cantor set $K\subset [0,1]$ and a continuous function $g:[0,1]\to \mathbb R.$ Is it always possible to find a $C^{\infty}$ map $f:[0,1]\to \mathbb R$ such that $g$ and $f$ coincide in $K?$
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

974 views

+50

### Eliminating Gibb's phenomenon, and approximating with jumping functions in Fourier Analysis : An attempt and a question in this regard

Physical Motivation : Hear to these audio files S_f and P_f. S_f is Fourier partial
sum and P_f is the new reconstruction, both use spectrum only in the
region (0,4KHz) for reconstructing the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Construction of a path of quadratic variation

This question has been posted to Stack Exchange earlier, and no answer is available yet.
Consider a path $x: [0,1] \to \mathbb R$. it's $p$-variation on an interval
is defined by
$$V_{p}(x, [a, b]) ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

139 views

### Lower bound for $ \sum_{i=1}^n x_i f(x_i)$ when $\sum_{i=1}^{n}x_i = K$

Considering,
the set of all n dim. vectors $\{x_i\}_{i=1,...,n} $ such that $x_i \geq 0 $ and $\sum_{i=1}^{n}x_i = K$
Any continuous and strictly increasing function $f^+(x)$ : $ \mathbb R^+ \to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

61 views

### Reproducing Kernel of a RKHS of continuous functions may not be continuous in two variables together

Let $\mathcal{K}$ be a Hilbert Space of continuous functions on some topological space, where point evaluations are continuous linear functional on $\mathcal{K}$.
That is $\mathcal{K}$ is RKHS, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### The weighting function for the infinite product of necklaces

Let us consider the limit $\lim_{n\to \infty}\prod_{p=1}^n N(p,a)$ where $N(n,a)$ is the number of fixed necklaces of length $n$ composed of $a$ types of beads.
Let's rewrite the product in a way ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### About weak derivatives [on hold]

I have a question about weak derivatives.
Let $u,v \in L^{1}_{loc}(U)$ (the space of locally integrable functions) for some
open set $\emptyset \neq U \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$. We often say that $v$ is ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Clear estimate is not so clear [closed]

In a paper I found the estimate (there it is said that the estimate is clear) for $U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ and $u \in W_0^{2,2}(U)$ saying that for all $\varepsilon >0 $ we have
$$\int_{U} ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

89 views

### Positivity of alternating series

Let $\{a_n\}_{n=0}^{\infty}$ be a sequence of positive real numbers such that $\limsup_n \frac{1}{n}\log a_n=-\infty$. Then
$$
f(x)=\sum_{n\geq 0}a_n x^n
$$
converges absolutely for all $x$. Under ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

196 views

### Sets $X,Y \subset [0,1]$, stronger than being measure $0$, such that $X+Y = [0,2]$

A set $X\subset \mathbb{R}$ is called nice if for every $\epsilon > 0$ there are a
positive integer $k$ and $k$ bounded intervals $I_1,I_2,...,I_k$ such that
$X \subset I_1 \cup I_2 \cup ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### An elementary functional inequality

Let $g$ be a $C^1$ function with $g(0)=0$ and $g(t)>0$ for all $t>0$. I am surprised that for all such $g$ the following seems to hold
$\frac{\int_0^t(g'(s))^2ds}{g^2(t)}\geq \frac{1}{t}$ for ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

70 views

### Convergence of sequence of polynomials defined by boundary conditions

I'm sorry if my question sounds trivial, but analysis is not my field.
Consider the interval $[a,b]\subset \mathbb{R}$. On $[a,b]$, for every $n\in\mathbb{N}$, $n\ge 3$, I define the polynomials ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

25 views

### Condition for maximizer of convex combination to be expansion mapping

I have $\Pi_n:\mathbb R^{n+1}\rightarrow \mathbb R$ and $F_n:\mathbb R^2\rightarrow \mathbb R$ with $$F_n(x,a)=\Pi_n(x,...,x,a)$$
$$f_n(x)=\operatorname{ArgMax}_{a\in\mathbb R}\{F_n(x,a)\} $$
such ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

138 views

### What is the identity of this shift operator-like infinite series?

I just ran across the following expression and would like to know if anyone can identify it:
$\sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^n}{n!}\frac{d^n f(x)}{dx^n}\frac{d^n g(y)}{dy^n}$.
It almost looks ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Signs and value of higher order terms in the Taylor expansion of a strongly convex function

Say that I have a function $f: S \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^+$ such that:
$S \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is a closed convex set such as $S=[-10,10]^n$
$f$ is continuous and infinitely differentiable at all ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Limit Behavior of Iterated Curvature-Function

What can happen, if one defines an infinite sequence of functions as follows
$f_0\in C^\infty: x\in\mathbb{R}\mapsto y\in\mathbb{R}$
$f_{n+1}: \int_0^x ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

127 views

### Are all mixtures of these unimodal functions unimodal?

Let us say that a function $F\colon(0,\infty)\to\mathbb{R}$ is increasing-decreasing if, for some $c\in[0,\infty]$, $F$ is non-decreasing on $(0,c]$ and non-increasing on $[c,\infty)$. Is it true that ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Unimodality of a certain parametric integral

Suppose $f: [0,1] \to [0,\infty)$ is a smooth, concave and strictly increasing function satisfying $f(0)=0$.
Is it true that the map
$$
F(y) = \int_0^1 \frac{y^{3/2}}{(y+f(x))^2} dx
$$
has exactly one ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

642 views

### For what nonnegative measures $\mu$ does $\mu*e^{-|\cdot|}\in L^{\infty}$?

I am trying to characterize all measures on $\mathbb{R}$ such that
$$
\sup_{x\in\mathbb{R}} \: (\mu*f)(x)<+\infty,
$$
where $f(x)$ is some specific integrable functions, such as $f(x)=e^{-|x|}$, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

168 views

### Is regularity closed under products?

Let $G \colon [0,1] \to [0,1]$ be a differentiable cumulative distribution function (monotonically non-decreasing function with $G(0) = 0$ and $G(1) = 1$). We say that $G$ is regular if $$ x - ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Sobolev type embedding

Consider a compact manifold $M$ and a point $q \in M$. Let us say that
that the following inequality holds:
$$
\Vert \varphi u\Vert_{L^p} \leq C\Vert \varphi u\Vert_{H^1},$$ where $\varphi \in ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Collection of graduate research projects in Real Analysis [closed]

While there are many open problems in Real Analysis like Khabibullin's conjecture or Lehmer's conjecture, those are big enough to take an expert's life for several years, let alone some graduate ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

109 views

### Extension of a smooth function from a convex set

Let $C\subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$, $C'\subset\mathbb{R}^{m}$ be two convex sets with a non-empty interior. A function $F\: : \: C\to C'$ is said to be differentiable at $x\in C$ if there exists a linear ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Assymptotics of a Selberg type integral

Does any one know some references/ ideas on how to study the assymptotics as $N$ goes to $\infty$ of the following Selberg type integral
$$\int _{\mathbb R^N} e^{-|x|^2}\ \prod_{1\le i<j\le N} ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### $BMO$-property via a John-Nirenberg type estimate?

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^d, d\ge 2$, be bounded and denote a ball in $\mathbb R^d$ by $B$. Denote also
$$
f_B:= \frac1{|B|}\int_B f \, dx.
$$
Suppose $f \in L_{\rm loc}^p(\Omega)$ for all ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Is the following definition of a functional derivative natural?

if $\delta S = \int \sqrt g F[\phi] \delta \phi$
Then is it natural to define the functional derivative as follows,
$\frac{\delta S}{\delta \phi} = F[\phi]$.
In particular does this definition ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

549 views

### A result attributed to Whitney

One of the basic results of real analysis says that any closed subset of a smooth ($C^\infty$) manifold $M$ is the set of zeros of some map $\lambda\in C^\infty(M;[0,1])$. This result (or some ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

21 views

### Fourier transform of a rational function with spike at origin [migrated]

Consider a rational function $f(x) = \frac{p(x)}{q(x)}$, where both $p(x)$ and $q(x)$ are polynomial functions of the multivariate $x = (x_1, x_2,..., x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n$. Also, let us say that the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Inverse Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\sqrt{\xi_1} + \xi_2}$

Consider the inverse Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\sqrt{\xi_1} + \xi_2}$. My question is, how can we conclude about the decay properties, support and smoothness of the inverse Fourier transform? I ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### Does the Total variation of the Fourier partial sum of a bv function with jumps converge to TV of the function as $N\to\infty$

Does the total variation of the Fourier partial sum of a piecewise continuous bv function converge to the total variation of the function as $N\to\infty$. To explain briefly,
Let $f$ be a periodic ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Evaluate a multiple integral

I want to compute this integral and I would appreciate any help: $N\geq 1$ is fixed.
$$I_N=\int_{0\le r_n\le r_{n-1}\le\cdots\le r_1} e^{-(r_1^2+\cdots+r_n^2)} \prod_{i<j} \sinh(r_i-r_j) ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

69 views

### First mean value theorem for integration and Lebesgue measureability

According to first mean value theorem for integration, if $G \ : \ [a,b] \to \mathbb{R}$ is a continuous function, there exists $x \in (a,b)$ such that
$$\int_a^b G(t) dt = G(x)(b-a)$$
Assume $G$ is ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### Exceptional values of real-valued functions on [0,1]

Given a continuous real-valued function $f$ from $[0,1]$ to itself with $f(0)=0$ and $f(1)=1$ such that $f^{-1}(c)$ is finite for all $c$ in $[0,1]$, let $E(f)$ be the set of $c$ in $[0,1]$ such that ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Poincaré inequality for curl-integrable functions

Let $B=B(r)$ denote a ball of radius $r$ in $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^d$ and
$$
u_B := \frac1{|B|}\int_B u \, dx.
$$
The standard Sobolev-Poincaré inequality states that if $u \in W^{1,p}(\Omega)$, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

105 views

### Is the implication ($f$ is Riemann integrable over $D_1$ and $D_2$) $\Rightarrow $ ($f$ is Riemann integrable over $D=D_1\cup D_2$) true?

Let $D_1,D_2$ be a bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $\partial D_1,\partial D_2$ are both of Lebesgue measure zero (that is to say: $D_1,D_2$ are Jordan measurable).
Also, let $f:D_1\cup ...

**14**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### A Normal Distribution Inequality

Let $n(x) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} e^{-\frac{x^2}{2}}$, and $N(x) = \int_{-\infty}^x n(t)dt$. I have plotted the curves of the both sides of the following inequality. The graph shows that the following ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

46 views

### Analogs of the paralleloram identity in higher degrees

I asked this two months ago in MSE, but nobody answered, so I hope it will be suitable here.
A homogenious polynomial of degree $k\in{\Bbb N}$ on a finite dimensional vector space $X$ over $\Bbb R$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

68 views

### On the domain of functionals in measure with singular kernels

this post is concerned with functionals defined in measures. Consider the following functional
$$\mathcal{W}[\mu]=-\int_{\mathbb{R}^2}{\log\vert x-y\vert\ d\mu(x)d\mu(y)},$$
were we define ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Construct smooth functions with prescribed derivatives

To be specific, suppose we are given a sequence of smooth functions $\{f_k\}_{k\geq 0}$ on flat torus $\mathbf{T}^2$(you may think of it as doubly periodic functions on $\mathbf{R}^2$ and smooth).
...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

305 views

### A question involving e, floor, and all x > 0

Is $\lfloor(x+1/2)e\rfloor = \lfloor(x+1)(1+1/x)^x\rfloor$ for all $x > 0$?
The question occurred in connection with (nonhomogeneous) Beatty sequences, $\lfloor nr+h\rfloor$, where irrational ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

226 views

### The existence of differential operator of the form $AB=0$

We define $\mathcal A$ is a differential operator of order $n$ with variable coefficients if
$$ \mathcal A:=\sum_{|\alpha|\leq n}A_\alpha (x) D^\alpha $$
where $\alpha$ is an muti-index and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### Heat equation inequality

There is an inequality that tells us that for some sufficiently smooth $f$ satisfying $(\partial_t - \Delta )f \le - \delta f^2 +K$ for $\delta,K >0$ that $f$ is bounded by some constant. ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

278 views

### $L^1$ norm of exponential sum of $n^2 x$

What is the asymptotic order of
$$
\int_0^1 \left| \sum_{n=1}^N e^{2 \pi i n^2 x} \right| ~dx
$$
as $N \to \infty$. This should be known, but I cannot find it in the literature.

**5**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Simultaneous approximation of arbitrary functions in Hölder space and in $L^2(\mu)$ by a smooth function and its derivative

Let $\mu$ be a probability measure on the circle $S^1=\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$ which is singular with respect to the Lebesgue measure $\lambda$. Consider the functions spaces $L^2(\mu)$ on the one hand, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### convex function with distributional Hessian $D^2 f \leqslant \lambda$, $\lambda$-concave?

Let $f:R^n \to R$ be convex (may not $C^1$), $$[D^2f]=[D^2f]_{ac}+[D^2f]_s=[h_{ij}] L^n+[D^2f]_s$$ is the Lebesgue decomposition of the Hessian matrix. Where $[h_{ij}]$ is the density w.r.t the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

151 views

### Finite trigonometric polynomial

I noticed by numerical and some explicit calculations for a few examples that for real-valued finitely supported functions $\phi \in L^2(\mathbb{R})$ we have that
$T(x):= \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Intersection of connected components in $\mathbb{R}^n$

Let $n$ be a positive integer and let $K\subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be compact. Pick $x^* \in \mathbb{R}^n\setminus K$.
Let $E$ be the connected component of $\mathbb{R}^n\setminus K$ that contains ...

**31**

votes

**19**answers

6k views

### Interesting applications (in pure mathematics) of first-year calculus

What interesting applications are there for theorems or other results studied in first-year calculus courses?
A good example for such an application would be using a calculus theorem to prove a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### When can two Cauchy transforms intersect?

Given two polynomials $p$ and $q$ over reals and being guaranteed that both have all roots real I want to know if there is any characterization of the solutions of the equation $\frac{p'}{p} = ...