**1**

vote

**1**answer

76 views

### Are Carnot groups (as Carnot Caratheodory metric spaces) doubling?

I need to use the Lebesgue differentiation theorem for doubling metric measure spaces and was wondering if Carnot groups are doubling. If yes, is there any reference you can point me to? Thank you.

**5**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Characterizations of an exotic measure on the open sets in the circle $S^{1}$

Suppose that $U\subseteq S^{1}$ is open where $S^{1}=\{z\in\mathbb{Z}:|z|=1\}$. Then define $\mu_{n}(U)=\max_{t\in S^{1}}\frac{1}{n}\cdot|\{k\in\{1,...,n\}|t\cdot e^{\frac{2\pi ik}{n}}\in U\}|$. ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Discrete measures and discrete kernels

This is a cross-post from math.stack. Let $d\in\mathbb N$ and $\mu$ be the probability measure on $\mathbb R^d$ defined by $\mu=\sum_{k=1}^\infty 2^{-k}\delta_{x_k}$ for some sequence ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

346 views

### A question on the Lebesgue differentiation theorem

In the paper [Jessen, B., Marcinkiewicz, J., and Zygmund, A. Note on the differentiability of multiple integrals. Fundamenta Mathematicae 25.1 (1935): 217-234] it is considered the limit
$$
...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

328 views

### Number of critical points of smooth functions on $S^1$

Let $u$ be a smooth function on the unit circle $S^1$ such that $\int_{S^1}ux_j=0$, for $j=1,2$. Is the number of critical points of $u$ strictly bigger than 2?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

121 views

### Volume of bounded regions in hyperplane arrangements

I am given a hyperplane arrangement $\mathcal{H}_0$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and a function $\phi \colon \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{Q}.$ I choose any enumeration on the set of primitive vectors (i.e. vectors ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Under what conditions do time averages of ergodic transformations satisfy a central limit theorem?

Let $(X, \mu)$ be a probability space and $T:X\rightarrow X $ an ergodic transformation, i.e. $T$ is measure preserving and the only $T$ invariant subspaces have either measure $0$ or measure $1$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Is this parametric inequality true?

Puzzled by this still open question, I tried comparing the arithmetic mean $A(x,y)=(x+y)/2$ with a mean intermediate between a geometric-type mean $G(X)=(x^a y^{1-a}+x^{1-a} y^a)/2\;$ for $0\le a \le ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

307 views

### Continuous functions with convex level sets

Assume that $f:\mathbb{R}^{2}\to \mathbb{R}$ is a continuous function such that each level set $f^{-1}(c)$ is a convex set.
To what extent such functions are studied?
In particular:
Is there ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Regularity of Dirac measure on Baire sets [closed]

Suppose $X$ is a locally compact Hausdorff space.
Define the Baire sets in $X$, denoted by $\mathcal Ba(X)$,
to be the smallest $\sigma$-algebra that contains all compact $G_\delta$ subsets of $X$.
...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

306 views

### Decompose the Laplacian

Is there a way to write the negative Laplacian on the 2-sphere as a decomposition of an operator $A$ and its adjoint $A^*$? I am interested in finding such a decomposition, but I could not get one by ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

289 views

### About the first decimal of $\sqrt {n!}$

Do we have :
$$\sup\{\sqrt {n!} - E(\sqrt {n!}); n\in I\!\!N\}=1?$$
Where $E(\cdot)$ is the integer part function, and $n!=1\times 2...\times n$.

**1**

vote

**0**answers

90 views

### variation norm of a Fourier transform

Motivated by certain uniform estimate in oscillatory integrals, I am now trying to calculate the Fourier transform of the function ${\large e^{i|t|^{\epsilon}}/t}$ on $\mathbb{R}$, where $\epsilon\in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

223 views

### A calculus question related to the nonnegative definite functions

I am looking for some sufficient conditions for an even, continuous, nonnegative, non increasing function $f(x)$ on $R$ such that
$$
\int_0^\infty \cos(xz) f(z) d z \ge 0 \qquad\text{for all $x\ge ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

455 views

### Elementary Proof of the Uniqueness of Smooth Structures on R

Is there any 'elementary' proof of the uniqueness of smooth structures on $\mathbb{R}$? By elementary, I mean that the proof does not use any sophisticated topological machinery. In particular, I'm ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

299 views

### Hilbert space vector representation for data in a metric space. Where am i wrong in this experiment?

Consider the function space $M$ such that all its elements are of bounded variation, square integrable and of unit norm. An equivalence class is defined over this set as, $f \sim g$ iff for some ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

234 views

### Nepero game (by Yacov Perelman)

I have already posted this question time before on stackexchange, but didn't receive a definitive solution.
So this is the game: consider a positive integer number $n$ and divide it in a finite ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

116 views

### Is it possible to improve the order of convergence of averages of random variables if they are not identically distributed?

Let $X_n$ be a sequence of independent random variables (but not necessarily identically distributed)
taking values in $[-1,1]$ that have the following property:
1) The average $A_n := \frac{(X_1+ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

67 views

### Precompactness of a sequence of convex functions

Suppose we have a bounded convex open set $\Omega$ in $\mathbf{R}^n$,and a sequence of convex functions $P_n$ such that $||P_n||_{L^2(\Omega)}\leq C\forall n$.Is it possible to find a subsequence ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Asymptotic Expansion of Double integral

Crosspost from math.stackexchange. Have a look at the great answers there, even though they do not quite answer the question completely.
Define
$$G(\theta) = \int\limits_0^\infty \int\limits_0^{2\pi} ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

448 views

### Metric $d(A,B) = \mathbb P(\overline A\cup\overline B\mid A\cup B)$

I'm wondering where the relative probabilistic distance was first studied:
$$d(A,B) =\mathbb P(\overline A\cup\overline B\mid A\cup B)$$
where $\overline A$ is the complement of $A$.
A web search ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

356 views

### Looking for some function

Is there a continuous function $F: R\to R$ such that $F$ is a surjection but not an injection, $F(Q)\subset Q$ and the restriction $F: Q\to Q$ is an injection, but not a surjection. Here $Q$ denotes ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

237 views

### On the remainder term in Taylor's formula [closed]

(1) What are the main differences, in terms of "usefulness" while solving problems (even at research level), among Cauchy, Lagrange, and Schlömilch's forms of the remainder in Taylor's formula? Could ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### New research and re-discovering classic results in “basic” real analysis

Sometimes, it happens that researchers publish a new proof of an old well-known result in "basic real analysis" (I'm referring to what some American people may call "honors calculus"). For instance, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Cusp point and straightness of a smooth curve.

I have a smooth curve of length $L$ with a single cusp point $P$ occuring at length $s = L_P$. Let the curve in arc length parametrization be $\alpha_t(s) \equiv (X_t(s),Y_t(s)) $. They are actually a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

72 views

### Convergence of solutions of the volterra integral equation with convergent kernels

Consider the following Volterra integral equation
$$
g(t) = \int_0^t K_n(t,s)w_n(s) ds
$$
where g(t) and K_n(t,s) are continuous and $K_n(t,s)\geq K_{n+1}(t,s)$ for all $t,s$. Moreover, $K_n(t,s)$ ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

753 views

### What does it mean when we say we have computed a number to a certain accuracy using a probabilistic algorithm?

My intention is to ask a general question about probabilistic (Monte Carlo) algorithms. But to keep things simple, I will focus on a few specific examples.
Let me start the discussion with ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

334 views

### Are all well behaved “mean” functions on $\mathbb{R}^+$ equivalent?

Given a set $S$, a function $M: S\times S \rightarrow S$ is a mean if it satisfies the properties:
$M(a,a)=a\qquad$ (identity)
$M(a,b)=M(b,a)\qquad$ (commutativity).
and possibly
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

438 views

### Two (strictly related) proofs by induction of inequalities

This is a question I originally asked on MSE, receiving no answer, even with a bounty (which expired) on it. Therefore I am crosslinking in order to prevent duplication of effort: see here for the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Uniqueness of an embedding theorem for Real differential fields

I will follow a preliminary exposition for the problem in question, which will essentially follow the format on http://www4.ncsu.edu/~singer/papers/model_diff_fields.pdf [pg. 87]:
Let $K$ be a real ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Prove that $\sum_{a<n\le b}\{f(n)\}=\frac{1}{2}(b-a)+O(\lambda^{1/3}(b-a)+\lambda^{-1/2})$ [closed]

Let $a,b\in\mathbb{Z}$, and $f\in C^2([a,b])$ such that $|f''(t)|\asymp \lambda$ for $a\le t\le b$. Prove that
$$\sum_{a<n\le b}\{f(n)\}=\frac{1}{2}(b-a)+O(\lambda^{1/3}(b-a)+\lambda^{-1/2}).$$
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

485 views

### Question on a proof by Solonnikov,Ladyzhenskaya,Ural'tseva

I have already asked this question on Mathematics SE, because I suppose that it is not research level. But I haven't got an answer, possibly here someone can answer.
Let $G(t,x)$ be the fundamental ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### Schoenberg correspondence on $L^p$

Schoenberg correspondence states that $\psi: \mathbb R^d\longrightarrow \mathbb C$ is conditionally positive definite and hermitian if and only if $e^{t\psi}$ is positive definite for each $t>0$. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Fourier transform of $sin(\frac{1}{x})$ for $x > 0 (x > 1)$

Please, give me the cue: does exist analytical representation of Fourier Transform of $sin(\frac{1}{x})$ for$ x>0$ (or $x>1$). Maybe exist an approximation of $FT(sin(\frac{1}{x}))$ by Bessel ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Implicit function theorem on boundary points

I have the following examples:
(1) $xy-1=0$ with $x\ge 0$. By the implicit function theorem, we can solve when $x\in(0, \infty)$. Here on the boundary we have $y=\frac{1}{x}\rightarrow \infty$ as ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Surjectivity of “nice maps” from local properties

What tools are available from real algebraic geometry, analysis and
topology to check surjectivity of a map $f:M_{1}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^{d}$
from local properties and maybe function values?
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

85 views

### Finding conditions to guarantee existence of solutions to IVP [closed]

Consider the following IVP:
$x'=f(t,x)$ and $x(0)=x_0$, where $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $t\in \mathbb{R}$.
Suppose that for all $(t,x)\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$, $|f(t,x)|\leq b(t) |x|^2$.
In order for the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

300 views

### Banach space of discontinuous functions(Killing continuous functions)

Edit: According to the comment of Prof. Majer, I revise the question:
For a metric space $X$, we put $A=\{f:X\to \mathbb{C}\mid \text{f is bounded}\}$. We define two semi norm on $A$
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Prove a function, defined by integration of a harmonic function, is log-convex [closed]

Let $u$ be a harmonic function and we define
$$ q(r)=\int_{\partial B(0,r)}u^2(x)\,dx $$
The question is about to prove that $q(r)$ is log-convex, i.e., I want to show $\log q(r)$ is convex function ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### continuous extensions of concave functions

Let $N$ be a lattice. For a ring R we denote $N_R := N \otimes R$. My question is the following:
Does a continuous and concave function
\begin{eqnarray*}
f: N_{\mathbb{Q}} \to \mathbb{R}
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

239 views

### A generalization of Jensen's Inequality

Jensen's inequality is well known as
$$E\big[f(X)\big]\le f\big(E[X]\big)$$
where $X$ is a integrable random variable and $f: R\to R$ is a bounded concave function, see also ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Upper and lower limits [closed]

Find the following limits:
(1) $\limsup_{n\to\infty } \sin (n!) $
(2) $\liminf_{n\to\infty } \sin (n!) $
(3) $\limsup_{n\to\infty } \cos (n!) $
(4) $\liminf_{n\to\infty } \cos (n!) .$

**2**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Question regarding to approximate continuity

Given $u\in BV(R^N)$, we say $u$ is approximate continuous at $x$ and the approximation limit is $l\in R$ if
$$ \lim_{r\to 0}\frac{\mathcal{L}^N(B(x,r)\cap \{|u-l|>\epsilon\})}{r^N} =0 $$
for all ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### A monoid-structure on pairs of interlacing polynomials

Let us call a pair of two real polynomials $(P,Q)$ interlacing if $\deg(P)=\deg(Q)+1$, both polynomials have strictly positive leading coefficients and $P,Q$ have only real roots which interlace ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### The weighting function for the infinite product of necklaces

Let us consider the limit $\lim_{n\to \infty}\prod_{p=1}^n N(p,a)$ where $N(n,a)$ is the number of fixed necklaces of length $n$ composed of $a$ types of beads.
Let's rewrite the product in a way ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

174 views

### Separability of the space $C(C[0, 1], \mathbb{R})$

Let $E=C([0, 1])$ be the space of all real-valued continuous functions on $[0, 1]$, equipped with the uniform norm. $C(E)$ stand for the continuous real-valued functions on $E$.
I am wondering that ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

702 views

### A generalized mean-value theorem

I'm pretty sure that if the function $f$ is continuous on $[x_1,x_3]$ and twice-differentiable on $(x_1,x_3)$, with $x_1 < x_2 < x_3$, then there must exist $x$ in $(x_1,x_3)$ for which $f''(x)$ ...

**22**

votes

**1**answer

409 views

### Which ordered fields are homeomorphic to their power?

It is well known that $\mathbb{R}^2\ncong \mathbb{R}$. It is also known that $\mathbb{Q}^2\cong \mathbb{Q}$. It is a corollary to Sierpiński's theorem which states that every countable metric space ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

364 views

### Are these three different notions of a graph Laplacian?

I seem to see three different things that are being called the Laplacian of a graph,
One is the matrix $L_1 = D - A$ where $D$ is a diagonal matrix consisting of degrees of all the vertices and $A$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### Lebesgue point and regularity of functions

A known theorem says that for $f \in L_{loc}^1(\mathbb{R}^d)$, almost every point is a Lebesgue point.
I know too a theorem saying that for $f \in W_{loc}^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^d)$ , every point is a ...