The real-analysis tag has no wiki summary.

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### Real points $a∈ℝ$ such that the equation $f^{(k)}(s)=a$ have a finite number of real solutions $s$ for some $k$

Let $$L(C,s)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{a_n}{n^s}$$ be the Dirichlet series of the Hasse--Weil L-function of an elliptic curve $C$ over $ℚ$. The modularity theorem implies that $L(C,s)$ is the ...

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125 views

### Solving a functional equation

I would like to consider the following simple problem. I want to find two functions $f,g : \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ such that, being given a collection $(h_v)_{v\in V}$ of real functions indexed by ...

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273 views

### Is this property equivalent to Lusin's property (N) for continuous functions?

A function $F:[0,1]\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ satisfies Lusin's (N) property if for every measure zero set $A\subseteq [0,1]$, $F(A)$ has measure zero. (This includes the assertion that $F(A)$ is ...

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121 views

### finding the limit $\lim_{a\rightarrow \infty} \frac{a^N}{\log a} \int_{0}^\infty \frac{e^{-x}}{(1+ag(x))^N}dx = c$

I am realy stuck in solving the following limit problem.
Can you find any function $g(x)$ by which
$$\lim_{a\rightarrow \infty} \frac{a^N}{\log a} \int_{0}^\infty \frac{e^{-x}}{(1+ag(x))^N}dx = c$$
...

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48 views

### extreme points of the image of a nonlinear vector-valued function

Consider a continuous function $f : D \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^m$, where $D \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ is a compact convex set. I am in search of a result that helps me say something about the extreme ...

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882 views

### Is it meaningful to work on convergencies, integration, etc. on the Zariski topology?

Since I have studied analysis as well as algebra recently, I am familiar to work on integrablities, and such concepts when I look at topologies. Currently, I am studying algebraic geometry, and I want ...

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85 views

### Convex interaction energy

Does anybody know examples of absolutely continuous probability measures $\mu_0,\mu_1$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ with finite 2nd moments such that
$$
\frac{d^2}{dt^2}\left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^n\times ...

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205 views

### Theorem with an example [closed]

i have this theorem
in the paper they gives an example:
but here $H_1$ is not satisfied !
How to correct it please?

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306 views

### A question about small sets of reals

In ZFC, does there exist an uncountable set of reals $A$ such that for every closed measure zero set of reals $B$, $ A + B = \{a+b : a \in A, b \in B\} \neq \mathbb{R}$?
This question is motivated ...

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115 views

### Equivalent of Stirling-like numbers

let $b_{n,k}$ be the numbers defined formally by $$X^n=\sum_{k=0}^n b_{n,k}\binom{X}{k}$$ where $\binom{X}{n}=\frac{1}{n!}\prod_{k=0}^{n-1}(X-k)$.
I am looking for an equivalent of $b_{n,k}$ when $k$ ...

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117 views

### The class of bounded uniformly continuous functions in viscosity solution theory for Hamilton-Jacobi equations

Dumb question: Usually in viscosity solution theory for Hamilton Jacobi equations (with convex, coercive Hamiltonians), solutions are said to be in the class $BUC(\mathbb{R}^n)$ or ...

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661 views

### For which maps $S^1\to S^1$ is the winding number defined?

There are two classes of maps $S^1\to S^1$ for which I know how to define the winding number:
• Continuous maps:
Using the unique path lifting property of the universal covering map $\mathbb R\to ...

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64 views

### Under condition of Zygmund is the following inequality true?

Let $f:R\rightarrow R$ be a continuous function and satisfies the following Zygmund condition
$$
|f(x+\delta)+f(x-\delta)-2f(x)|\leq \text{const} \frac{|\delta|}{(\log\frac{1}{|\delta|})^{\alpha}}, ...

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96 views

### Can we affirm that this function is absolutely continuous?

Suppose you have a sequence of functions $g_{\tau_n}$ ($0<\tau_n \rightarrow0$) from $]0; +\infty[$ in $\mathbb{R}$ that converges uniformly to a function $g$ in every compact interval.
Suppose ...

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178 views

### Regarding sub-additive sequences and Fekete's lemma

A non-negative sequence $\{a_n\}$ is sub-additive if $a_{m+n}\leq a_m + a_n.$ Fekete's lemma says that for any non-negative sub-additive sequence:
$$\lim_{n\to\infty} \frac{a_n}{n} = \inf_{n} ...

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### Smooth convex extensibility of combination of two line segments

This is a refined version of my earlier question Convex extensibility of combination of two lines.
Is there a smooth function $f:[0,1]\times [0,1]\rightarrow\mathbb R$ such
that for all $x\in ...

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105 views

### Countable vs. ultra-negligible sets [duplicate]

A subset $A\subset\mathbb{R}$ is negligible if for each $\epsilon>0$ there exists a sequence $(I_n)$ of intervals such that $A\subset\cup_n I_n$ and $\sum_n \vert I_n \vert \leq \epsilon$. Let us ...

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### Pathological behavior of Borel sets?

Usually in set theory, Borel sets are much more nicely behaved than arbitrary sets of reals. One reason for this is Borel determinacy, which immediately yields measurability, Baireness, and the ...

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222 views

### Distance between two sets

Let $A, B$ be two convex and closed subsets of $\mathbb{R}^n$. We would like to the minimum distance between these two sets. i.e., we want to find a solution for the following problem.
$$ \min ...

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103 views

### Convergence of the Double Integral of a Polynomial Reciprocal

Let $f \in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ be a polynomial satisfying the following conditions:
(i) $f(\mathbb{R}^2) \subset [a,\infty)$ where $a>0$;
(ii) $f$ is non-degenerate, in the sense that there isn't a ...

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### Show that uniform continuity implies stochastic equicontinuity

Let $\Theta$ be a metric space and assume it is compact. Let $W_t: \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^k$ be a random variable for $t\leq T$. Let $m(.,\theta): \mathbb{R}^k\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^s$. Let ...

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109 views

### reference needed for sobolev type estimates

I'm reading a paper and the authors applied the following sobolev type estimates
$$
||(Dv)^{2}||_{H^{3k-2}(\Omega)}\leq C||v||_{H^{3k-1+\alpha}(\Omega)}^{2}
$$
for $\alpha>\frac{1}{4}$,
where $v$ ...

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196 views

### Question on Morse inequalities

I want to understand why: From K.C Chang's book "Infinite Dimensional
Morse Theory and Multiple Solution Problems":
if i have
then $(4.1)$ is formal : it means that
EDIT1: $(4.1)$ tel us that ...

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130 views

### The Largest Root of Associated Laguerre Polynomial

The Laguerre polynomial $L_n(x)$ is the solution to the Laguerre differential equation
\begin{equation*}
x\,y'' + (1 - x)\,y' + n\,y = 0.
\end{equation*}
The associated Laguerre polynomial ...

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179 views

### Multivariate monotonic function

Let $f(x_1, \dots, x_n)$ be a real function on the $n$-dimensional unit cube (that is, mapping $[0,1]^n \mapsto \mathbb{R}$). Assume furthermore that $f$ is monotonic in every coordinate, and that $f$ ...

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### Is there such a matrix in $SO(n)$?

Given two $n$ dimensional positive definite matrices $A', B'$, is there a matrix $O \in SO(n)$ such that $A=O A', B=O B'$ and
$$
\frac{A_{ij}}{\sqrt{A_{ii}A_{jj}}} = ...

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### k-th largest root in common interlacing polynomials

In their proof of the celebrated Kadison-Singer conjecture, Marcus, Spielman and Srivastava exploited so-called interlacing families which are originally defined for their work on Ramanujan graphs. ...

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### Analyticity of Logarithmic Integrals

Assume $f\in L^2[0,1]$ and let $g(x)=\int_0^1f(y)\ln|x-y|dy$. Is it true that $g\in C^\infty(0,1)$? Is it true that $g$ is analytic in $(0,1)$? Can you refer me to a right reference to look up such ...

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103 views

### Find sufficient and necessary conditions on $f$ in which the level curve $f(x,y)=0$ implies only one case $x=a$ for all real $y$ [closed]

Let $f:ℝ²→ℝ$ be an arbitrary harmonic function. A level curve in two dimensions is a curve on which the value of a function $f(x,y)$ is a constant. My question is: Find sufficient and necessary ...

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87 views

### Boundary gradient estimate

Assume $U$ is the unit disk and $\bar U$ its closure and let $u\in C^2(U)\cap C(\bar U)$ be a real function, with $u(z)=0$ for $z\in \partial U$. If $$|\Delta u|\le A|\nabla u|^2+g(z),$$ for some ...

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68 views

### Counting extrema on a simplex

Let $p(x_{1},x_{2},\ldots,x_{n})=\sum_{i,j=1}^{n}{a_{ij}x_{i}x_{j}}$ be a homogenous multivariate polynomial of degree $2$.
I would like to know how many extrema $p$ has on the standard simplex
...

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113 views

### Is the countable intersection of residual sets in [0,1] with Hausdorff dimension 1 of full Hausdorff dimension?

Let $E_k\subset [0,1]$ be residual subsets (i.e. containing dense $G_\delta $ set) with $E_{k+1}\subset E_k$ and $\dim_HE_k=1, \forall k.$ My question is : $\dim_H\bigcap_k E_k=1?$ Thanks.

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166 views

### Is there an example where the error of Gauss-Laguerre quadrature does not vanish?

The $n$th Gauss-Laguerre quadrature aims to approximate integral $$\int_{\mathbb{R}_+} f(x) \exp(-x)$$ by the sum
$$\sum_{i=1}^n f(x_i) w_i$$
where $x_1,...,x_n$ are the roots of the $n$th Laguerre ...

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### Tubular neighbourhood which is nowhere piecewise linear

I recently asked this question.
I think, if the following were true, then I would solve my problem.
Let $E\subset\{(x_1,\dots,x_n)\in\mathbb R^n\;|\;x_i\geq 0\, \&\, \sum_ix_i=1\}$ be a convex ...

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837 views

### Has anyone seen this series?

I come across the following infinite series.
$$
\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{t^n}{n!\: n^{a}}, \quad\text{for $t>0$ and $a>0$}.
$$
In particular, I am interested in the case where $a=1/4$.
...

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103 views

### Relationship between weak Lp and strong Lq topologies for q<p

Specificaly:
Does convergence in $L^{\frac{1}{2}}$ imply weak $L^2$ convergence?
Having a limit in $L^{\frac{1}{2}}$ topology and a limit in weak $L^2$ topology whether these are always equal? If ...

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### Characterization of a set in $\mathbb{R}^d$

Let $X= (X_1,\dots, X_d)$ be a fixed vector of random variables on the space $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, \mathbb{P})$. Consider the following set.
\begin{equation}\label{main12}
C= \{x\in \mathbb{R}^d ~|~ ...

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### derivatives of composite function [closed]

There's a formula for the $n$th derivative of a composite function $f(g(x))$ - it's called Faa di Bruno's formula - but I'm not really interested in the formula but in the proof given in the book of ...

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### Is the notion of fixed point property for topological spaces an absolute notion?

Recall that a topological space $X$ has the fixed point property (FPP) if any continuous function $f: X\to X$ has a fixed point.
Is the notion of FPP for topological spaces an absolute notion? More ...

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### Bound for a certain integral expression

I am working to establish an estimate in $X^{s,b}$ spaces to prove local well-posedness of a certain equation, and I need to consider some sub-cases. In particular, I wish to show that the following ...

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204 views

### Smallest positive zero of Weierstrass nowhere differentiable function

Consider the Weierstrass nowhere differentiable function $f(x) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{2^n} \cos(4^n \pi x)$. It seems that the smallest positive zero of $f(x)$ occurs at $x=\frac{1}{5}$, but I ...

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### Can there be a measurable set that integrals have the same given value if their integral on $\mathbb{R}$ are the same?

We know for an integrable function $f$, if $\int_\mathbb{R} f=1$, then $\forall \lambda\in [0,1] $, there exists a measurable set $E$ that $\int_E f=\lambda$.
Now consider integrable functions $f$ ...

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278 views

### measure zero in R but not in R^2

I want to find some subset of R^2 which its intersection with every vertical line is measure zero if we see it as a subset of R and it is not measure zero in R^2?

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217 views

### Level sets of a Weierstrass nowhere-differentiable function

Can anyone describe level sets of a Weierstrass nowhere-differentiable function? For example, let $f(x) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{2^n} \cos( 4^n \pi x)$. For some $c \in (-2,2)$, what is known ...

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### General version of Skorokhod representation of random variables

Let $F: \mathbb{R} \to [0,1]$ be cumulative distribution function (cdf). The standard way to build a random variable $\tau$ on $([0,1],\mathcal{B},\text{Leb})$ with $F$ as its cdf is using the ...

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30 views

### Is the multiplicity of a Sobolev mapping alwasys locally essentially bounded？

I have the following question:
Let $f:\Omega\to \mathbb{R}^n$ be a (sense-preserving) continuous Sobolev mapping in $W^{1,n}$, where $\Omega$ is a domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$. By Sard's theorem for ...

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208 views

### Lipschitz continuous maps from $\mathbb R^n$ to $\mathbb R^n$ that preserve Gaussian measure?

The only ones I can think of are linear maps like rotations and permutations. Is there a more general characterization?

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206 views

### Fourier expansion of Takagi-function (everywhere non differentiable function).

Let us consider Takagi-function defined by
$T(x) \colon\!= \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}s(2^nx)/2^n$,
where $s(x) \colon\!\!= \underset{n \in {\Bbb Z}}{\mathrm{min}} \,|x-n|$.
$T(x)$ has its period $1$, so ...

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86 views

### a limit of the laplace transform and its derivative

If $\phi(s)$ is the Laplace tranfrom of $f(t)$, then $\lim_{s\rightarrow \infty} s\phi(s) = f(0^+)$. and also $\lim_{\rightarrow \infty} s\phi'(s) = \lim_{t\rightarrow 0^+}tf(t)$ since $\phi'(s)$ is ...

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303 views

### Does there exist a function such that $\int_{\mathbb{R}_+^{\star} } t^nf(t)dt=0$? [closed]

Let $f\in C([a,b],\mathbb{R})$ such that $\displaystyle\int_{a}^{b} t^nf(t)dt=0$ for all integer n.
We know that $f\equiv 0$. It's call Hausdorff theorem.
This theorem is wrong on $\mathbb{R^+}$, a ...