# Tagged Questions

The real-analysis tag has no wiki summary.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### Skorokhod distance between $\omega, \omega\circ f_{\varepsilon}$ and $\omega, \omega\circ b_{\varepsilon}$

Let $\Omega:=D([0,1],R)$ be the space of cadlag functions $x$ defined on $[0,1]$. Let $\rho$ be the Skorokhod metric on $\Omega$, see e.g.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A0dl%C3%A0g
Now define ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### What is the purpose of the definition of “metric regularity”/“regularity modulus”?

A set mapping $F:X \rightrightarrows Y$ is said to be metrically regular for $\overline{x}\in X$ and $\overline{y} \in Y$ if there exists a $\kappa\in(0,\infty)$ for which
$$
d(x,F^{-1}(y))\leq ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

132 views

### Another type of derivative, and the associated primitive

Let $\mathbf{v}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a continuous function, such that $||\mathbf{v}(t)||=1,\ \forall t\in (a,b)$. Find all continuous functions $\mathbf{r}:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ so that:
$
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

245 views

### Constructive Proof to Show that Algebraic Numbers are Algebraically Closed

EDIT2: After reading some papers, I think the question can best be rephrased as "How can the minimal polynomial for a polynomial with algebraic coefficients be calculated. I have seen papers and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

69 views

### vector space of ternary forms with real rooted property

Let $V \subseteq \mathbb{R}[x,y]_d$ be a two dimensional linear subspace of the vector space of bivariate forms of degree $d$. For each degree $d$ we can find such subspaces with the property that ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

149 views

### Determining Roots of a Polynomial with Interval Estimates of Coefficients

Let $f$ be a monic univariate polynomial with real coefficients:
$$f_A(x) = x^n + a_{n-1}x^{n-1} + ... + a_{0}$$
The values of $A=(a_{n-1},...,a_0)$ are unknown, but are estimated as ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

174 views

### meromorphic extension of a function

Let $\Lambda\in \mathbf{C}$ be a discrete subset. We assume that $\mathrm{Re}(\lambda)<0$ for all the $\lambda\in \Lambda$. For $i\in \mathbf{N}$, $\lambda\in \Lambda$, let $m_{i,\lambda}\in ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### The closed form of $\sum_{n=2}^\infty(-1)^{n+1}\frac{\psi(n)}n\log(n)$

The following series I'm interested in $$\sum_{n=2}^\infty(-1)^{n+1}\frac{\psi(n)}n\log(n)$$
where $\psi(n)$ is digamma function
arose in the evaluation of an integral I posted on MSE, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

308 views

### A.e. pointwise convergence of L2 functions - counterexample for generalization of Carleson's thm

Let $f_n \in L^2[0,1]$ be an orthonormal sequence and let $c_n \in \mathbb C$ be such that $\sum_{n = 1}^{\infty} |c_n|^2 < \infty$. Does this imply that the sequence $\sum_{n = 1}^{\infty}c_nf_n$ ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

449 views

### A question about pointwise convergence of Fourier transform in $N$-dimensions

I am retreating back on this statement, after some explorations and calculation
Bow to Willie and others who were skeptical on this. Main difficulty can be seen in this reference. But I must mention ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

328 views

### Exotic Lebesgue Measurable Function

Measurable functions whose graphs are dense in the plane are well known. Examples include, the Conway 13 function, as given in the answer in this link: When is the graph of a function a dense set ?
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### An upper bound for a average of a function in $L_{p}([0,1))$

Suppose that $ f $ is $ 1 $-periodic and that $ f \in {L^{p}}([0,1) $, where $ p > 1 $. Let
$$
(D_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}_{0}} =
\left( \left\{
I^{n}_{j},~
1\leq j \leq 2^{n} \}
\right\} \right)_{n ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

217 views

### Simple bound for generalized geometric series

Let $b \in (0,1)$, $m\in \mathbb{N}$ and $a>0$. I want to bound
$$\sum_{k=m+1}^\infty b^{k^a} \leq c \; b^{m^a}, $$
where $c>0$ is independent from $m$.
Is there a simple way of proving this ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

184 views

### A question about Assaf Naor's review in Bourbaki about the Batson-Spielman-Srivastava result

I am referring to this article - http://www.cims.nyu.edu/~naor/homepage%20files/Exp.1033.pdf
If I understand right, the author states that his equations (8) and (9) are equivalent to the equations ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

101 views

### On the existence of compactly supported functions whose its Fourier transform satisfies a given condition

My question is concerned with the existence of compactly supported functions whose its Fourier transform satisfies a given condition: For $\gamma\ge 1$, one can prove that there is no compactly ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### Uniqueness of the maximum derivative of a rational function

This may seem like an elementary question, but bear with me; you'll find that it is actually quite hard. Consider the function
$$f(x)=\frac{a_nx^n}{\sum_{i=0}^n a_ix^i}$$
with all $a_i\geq 0$ and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### Chances for a cosine polynomial to be positive at a point

Let $k_1,\ldots,k_n$ be distinct integers. Let $s_n(t)=\cos (k_1t)+\cdots+\cos (k_nt)$ be a trigonometric sum. Consider any interval $I\subset [-\pi,\pi)$ of length $\delta=\delta(n)$. Let $\,U$ be a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Quantitative stability: Hausdorff distance between subdifferentials

Suppose I have two convex functions $f$ and $g$ mapping $\mathbb{R}^{n}\to\mathbb{R}$ (so they are 'more' than proper). Suppose $\|f-g\|_{\infty}<\epsilon$, the sup-norm. In particular, the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

202 views

### Can (how) one distinguish germs of continuous functions by a countable set of params?

Continuous functions can be distinguished by their values at say rational points of [0 1].
Germs of analytic functions can be distinguished by derivatives at a point.
So in both cases we see ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Existence and Uniqueness of Volterra integral equations of the first kind

$$
\int_0^t k(s,t)f(s)ds=g(t)
$$
To prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions of Volterra integral equation(VIE) of the first kind, we usually differentiate it and convert to the VIE of the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### “Nice” functions on infinite-dimensional space of germs of continuous functions at a point

Consider set of all germs of continuous functions at some point.
Question: What are some functions ("any/nice/constructive/whatever") from this set to R (reals) ? (Except evalution at point and made ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### A calculus question [closed]

Fix $q>1$. Define the function
$$
f_q(c):=\int_e^\infty \frac{e^{-c r^2}r}{\log(r)^q}d r.
$$
The problem is whether the following is true,
$$
\lim_{c\rightarrow 0} c \log(1/c)^q f_q(c) = C \in ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

94 views

### Inner Product of Given Sum Positive Sequence

Let $$A = \Big\{(a_1,a_2,\dots)\ \Big|\ a_i\ge 0, \sum_{i=1}^\infty a_i=1\Big\},$$ $$v(x)=\sup\left(\bigg\{\sum_{i=1}^\infty a_ib_i\ \bigg|\ (a_i)_{i=1}^\infty,\, (b_i)_{i=1}^\infty \in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Can we define log-convex operators?

Let $I\subset\mathbb{R}$. A function $f:I\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, is said to be log-convex if $\log f$ is convex or equivalently for all $x,y\in I$ and $\alpha\in [0,1]$
$$f(\alpha x+(1-\alpha)y)\leq ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Analytic extension of the exterior Newtonian potential into the domain

I just want to know for a domain with smooth boundary whether exterior Newtonian potential has singular analytic extension into the domain or into a part of the domain.
Definition of Newtonian ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Establishing an upper bound for a dyadic average of a function in $ {L^{p}}([0,1)) $

Suppose that $ f $ is $ 1 $-periodic and that $ f \in {L^{p}}([0,1)) $, where $ p > 1 $. Let
$$
(D_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}_{0}} =
\left( \left\{
I^{n}_{j} \stackrel{\text{df}}{=} \left[ ...

**30**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### What did Rolle prove when he proved Rolle's theorem?

Rolle published what we today call Rolle's theorem about 150 years before the arithmetization of the reals. Unfortunately this proof seems to have been buried in a long book [Rolle 1691] that I can't ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Stability of simple conditions on functions under convolution and/or mixture

We consider families of smooth probability densities defined on $\mathbb{R}^+$, $p=(x\in \mathbb{R}^+ \mapsto p_n(x))_{n\in\mathbb{N}}=(p_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ satisfying
(i) $\int_{\mathbb{R}^+} ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

138 views

### Estimates on evolution operator

Let's consider the following evolution operator in $\mathbb{R}^3$
$$S(t)=e^{(i+\delta)t\Delta }$$
How to get the following estimate
$$\Vert S(t)f\Vert_2\leq C_\varepsilon t^{-\frac{1}{4}}\Vert ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Relationship between LlogL and Hardy spaces

I think that for positive, one-dimensional, periodic functions, the following statement is true:
$$
f\in L log L(\mathbb{T})\Leftrightarrow f\in H^1(\mathbb{T}),
$$
where
$$
LlogL=\{f\in ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

298 views

### Non-smooth function with all differences of translates smooth?

Suppose $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ has the property that for every fixed $t\in\mathbb{R}$ the function
$$
g_t : x \mapsto f(x) - f(x-t)
$$
is $C^\infty(\mathbb{R})$. Does it follow that $f$ is ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

264 views

### Partitions of ${\rm Sym}(\mathbb{N})$ induced by convergent, but not absolutely convergent series

Let $(a_n) \subset \mathbb{R}$ be a sequence such that the series
$\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n$ converges, but does not converge absolutely.
Then there is a partition of the symmetric group ${\rm ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

106 views

### Evaluation of the multiple integral [closed]

Would you give me any suggestions or comments on evaluating the following $n$-dimensional
integral? $$ \int_{[0,t]^n} h(x) dx $$
where
$ x=(x_1 ,x_2 , \cdots, x_n ), h(x)= \prod_{k=1}^n min( ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### Most natural smooth interpolation of 1,4=2^2,3^27,4^4^4^4, [closed]

Is there a functional equation for extending this to a smooth real function?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

34 views

### Can we implicitly fit a system of linear ODEs by reduced information?

Assume we are given several initial vectors $x^{(1)},\ldots,x^{(r)} \in \mathbb{R}^n$, where the dimension $n$ is in the range of 50 to 100, and the number of initial vectors $r$ is in the range of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Extending derivations to the superposition closure

Let $X$ be a set and $\mathcal{F}\subseteq {\mathbb{R}^X}$ an arbitrary family of functions.
The superposition closure of $\mathcal{F}$ is defined as
$$
\overline{\mathcal{F}}=\{ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### An integration limit

Given $z\geq 0$, denote
$$A_m(z) = \{x\in \mathbf R^{m-1}\, :\, \min_{1\leq i\leq m-1} x_i > z\},$$
and
$$F_m(z) = \int_{A_m(z)} (1+|x|^2)^{1-m} dx.$$
Does the following limit
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### question about a genralized Skorokhod topology

Let $D:=D([0,1], R)$ be the space of all cadlag functions defined on $[0,1]$. Now we have the known Skorokhod topology defined by: $\forall f, g\in D$
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Convergence in energy of bounded (semi)subharmonic functions

Consider a sequence $(f_n)$ of functions in the flat torus $T^d$ converging Lebesgue-a.e. to a limit function $f$.
Assume that:
1) $|f_n|(x)\leq 1$ for every $n,x$
2) $\Delta f_n\geq -1$ in the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Is every supersmooth function a local polynomial?

This question is a follow up question to this question that I recently asked.
A $C^{\infty}$ function $f:(c,d)\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ shall be called a local polynomial if whenever ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

202 views

### Does there exist a supersmooth non-polynomial function?

Let's call a $C^{\infty}$-function $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ Lebesgue supersmooth if whenever $a_{n}\in\mathbb{R}$ for all $n$, then $\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}a_{n}f^{(n)}(x)\rightarrow 0$ ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

102 views

### First order pde with characteristics [closed]

Consider a first order pde of the type $$u_y+b(x)u_x=0$$ and suppose that the coefficient $b$ is not necessairly continuous (for instance with a jump in some point).
Is it still possible to apply in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### computational question concerning singular integral theory

Let $m\in C^\infty(\mathbb{R}^d-\{0\})$ be homogeneous of degree zero and has mean zero on the sphere$(S^{d-1})$. Then $m$ defines a tempered distribution and $\partial_j^dm\in S'(\mathbb{R}^d)$ is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### extension of function in an abstract metric space

my question is the following.(Maybe my title is not quite proper for this question):
Let $(E,d)$ be a Polish space (or a separable metric space), let $\xi: E\to R_+$ be a Lipschitz function. Now set ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### Characterization of a subset of [0,1] $III$

I have a question related to the previous one.
Characterization of a subset of [0,1] $II$
Let $T\subseteq [0,1]$ be some subset closed under lower limit topology, i.e.
$t_n$ is said to converge to ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Does the divergence of the sum of reciprocals of a set of integers imply this density statement about the set?

Suppose $A \subseteq \mathbb{N}$ is such that $\displaystyle{\sum_{n \in A} n^{-1}} = \infty$. Suppose $B \subseteq \mathbb{N}$ is infinite.
Is there a set $X \subseteq [1,\infty)$ and a increasing ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

87 views

### Does directional limits along any given direction, always exist for a function of bounded variation?

If a function $f:\mathbb{R}^N\to\mathbb{R}$ is of bounded variation (in modern sense or in Tonelli sense or according to any of the existing definitions), then can we say that, given any point $x\in ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Density of function spaces

Let $\Omega$ be a subset of either $\mathbb{R}^n$ ($n\geq 3$, if it matters) or of a compact manifold. In either case, we'll call the manifold $M$. Let $V_i\subset V_{i+1} \subset \Omega$ be an ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

269 views

### Generalized Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev Inequality

The Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev Inequality says that
$$\text{for $p,q,r\in (1,+\infty)$ such that }\quad
1-\frac1p+1-\frac1q=1-\frac1r,\tag {$\sharp$}
$$
$$
\exists C, \forall u\in L^p(\mathbb ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

209 views

### is $x_{n}\ll \overline{x}_{n}^{2}$?

This question is a cross-post from MSE, cause I didn't get any answer there. I hope it is well suited for MO:
Let $(x_{n})_{n\ge 1}$ be an increasing sequence of positive integers and ...