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0
votes
0answers
79 views

Analytic extension from a closed analytic subset

I have the following question: Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$ be an open set and consider $X \subset \Omega$ an analytic subset. By this I mean that there exists analytic functions ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

Is Modulation space is close under absolute?

It is clear that, for $1\leq p \leq \infty$, $f\in L^{p}$ iff $| f| \in L^{p}.$ By the usual modulation space $M^{p, q}(\mathbb R^{d})$, $1\leq p, q \leq \infty, d\in \mathbb N $, we mean the ...
2
votes
1answer
534 views

The smallest altitude amongst the triangles formed by points in the unit circle

Let $S$ be a finite set of points inside the unit circle. Consider all possible triangles formed by three distinct points in $S$, and among all such triangles find the smallest altitude. Denote this ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Fixed point theorm that does not require the hemi-continuity of the set valued map?

All of the fixed point theorem I have seen (like Kakutani and Brower, Browder ) required the set valued map to be hemi-continuous (lower). Is any fixed point theorem that can assure the existence of ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Is reflexive Banach space valued scalarwise Lebesgue space isomorphic to the Bochner space?

I first specify the setting and then formulate the question precisely. (A very long post follows.) Definitions 1. For $E$ a (real Hausdorff) locally convex space, say that $E$ is suitable iff there ...
5
votes
1answer
387 views

Is there a continuous function $f$ satisfying the following Zygmund condition but not differentiable.

Suppose that a continuous function $f$ on the line and satisfies $$ |f(x+2h)−2f(x+h)+f(x)|\leq const \frac{|h|}{(\log\frac{1}{|h|})^{\beta}}\,\,\,\,\,\,\text{where}\,\,\,\, \beta \in(0, 1] $$ ...
17
votes
2answers
483 views

Intersection of compact sets in the unit interval

Let $\mathscr K$ be an uncountable set such that every $K\in\mathscr K$ is a compact subset of $[0,1]$ with positive Lebesgue measure. Does it then follow that there exists an uncountable $\mathscr ...
2
votes
2answers
182 views

specific improper integral involving erf

I have encountered an integral, and kindly ask for help with a solution. It is beyond my own capabilities, and neither Maple nor Mathematica were of any help: $$ \int_{1}^{\infty} ...
0
votes
1answer
344 views

Would this go to 0 [closed]

Let $t_{m}$ be the sup of the sum of the pairwise distances between any $2m$ points in the unit disk. Does $t_{m}/m^{2}$ go to $0$ as $m\rightarrow\infty$?
1
vote
2answers
216 views

Banach algebra of BV functions

I would like to find a reference for the proof that functions of bounded variation make a Banach algebra. Same question for $BV\cap L^\infty$.
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Quasi-simmetric function and bi-Lipschitz functions

Assume that $f$ is a homeomorphism of the unit circle onto itself. If $$1/M \le \frac{|f(e^{i(t+s)})-f(e^{i(t)})|}{|f(e^{i(t)})-f(e^{i(t-s)})|}\le M,$$ then we say that $f$ is $M-$quasi-symmetric ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Original source for a well-known result of convergence in measure and almost everywhere

A well-known result in measure theory states that given a sequence $(f_n)_{n=1}^\infty$ of measurable functions from a $\sigma$-finite measure space $(X,\mathcal{A},\mu)$ to $\mathbb{R}$ then the ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Compactness of a semi algebraic set

Suppose I have a polynomial $p\in R[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ and I look at the set $S:=\{ x\in R^n : p(x)\geq 0\}$. Are there algebraic certificates on $p$ that will certify that $S$ is compact?
3
votes
1answer
185 views

If $f(x)+f(2x)$ is quasianalytic, is $f(x)$ necessarily quasianalytic?

Assume that $f\in C^{\infty}$ and that $M_n$ is a sequence such that $$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{M_n}{(n+1)M_{n+1}}=\infty$$ and for certain compact neighborhood of the origin $U$ of $\mathbb{R}$, ...
6
votes
1answer
227 views

“Values” of divergent integrals

Are there existing theories of integration in which $I_0 = \int_0^{\infty} dx$ and $I_1 = \int_0^{\infty} x \ dx$ are well-defined infinite elements in a non-archimedean extension of the reals? I can ...
6
votes
1answer
246 views

Partition $\Bbb{R}$ into a family of sets each one homeomorphic to the Cantor set

It is known that there is no (nontrivial) partition of $\Bbb{R}$ into a countable number of closed set. But is there a partition of $\Bbb{R}$ into sets, each one homeomorphic to the cantor ternary ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Extension of diffeomorphisms preserving bilateral bounds of the derivatives

Suppose $f$ is a $C^k (1\leq k\leq\infty)$ function from the unit ball $\mathcal{B}$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ to itself, which is a diffeomorphism from the domain to its image, with the upper and lower ...
6
votes
3answers
465 views

Continuous functions as uniformly continuous function

Three question concerninng metrics on the real line: Is there a metric $d$ on $\Bbb{R}$ such that a function $f : (\Bbb{R},d) \longrightarrow (\Bbb{R},d)$ ( or $f : \Bbb{R} \longrightarrow ...
0
votes
0answers
153 views

Convergence of the integral of step functions

This is a question about the proof of Lemma A in §16 of the book Functional Analysis by F. Riesz and B. Sz.-Nagy. Lemma A: For every sequence of step functions $\{\varphi_n\}$ which decreases to ...
9
votes
1answer
342 views

Do partitions of unity exist if we impose additional conditions on the derivatives?

Let $ ~~\cup_{k=-1}^{\infty} U_k = \mathbb{R} $ be an open covering of $\mathbb{R}$. It is a well known fact that partitions of unity subbordinate to the cover exists, i.e. there exists smooth ...
3
votes
2answers
149 views

Kolmogorov superposition for smooth functions

Kolmogorov superposition theorem states that a continuous function $f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ can be written as $$f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)=\sum_{q=0}^{2n}\Phi_q\left(\sum_{p=1}^{n}\phi_{q,p}(x_p)\right)$$ for ...
1
vote
1answer
182 views

Continuous and dense embeddings and the density of sets in Hilbert space

Suppose $H$ is a Hilbert space of functions $f:\Omega\to \mathbb{R}^n$ with $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ open, bounded and with Lipschitz boundary (take for example $H=H_0^1(\Omega)^n$) and suppose ...
0
votes
1answer
193 views

Equation in integers of irrational degree

Are there any algebraic irrational numbers in $\{log_xy|x,y\in\mathbb{N},x,y\geq2\}$?
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Weak continuity of Lebesgue decomposition

Let $X$ be a space with its $\sigma$-algebra $\mathcal{B}$; we are given a finite measure $\mu$ and a sequence of finite measures $\nu_n$ such that, for every bounded continuous function ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

convolution of surface measures

Thanks for reading my question. Assume we are given two compact (possibly with boundary) $(n-1)$-dimensional $C^{\infty}$ manifolds $M_1$ and $M_2$ embedded in $\mathbb{R}^n$, with induced measure ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Dependence of the constant in Korn's inequality on the domain

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$ be an open, connected set with Lipschitz boundary, $N \geqslant 2$ and $$ \mathcal{E} ( v) := \int_{\Omega} \sum_{i, j} \varepsilon_{i j} ( v) \varepsilon_{i j} ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

An algebraically independent set of real as a range of an increasing function

Is there an strictly increasing function $f : \Bbb{R}\longrightarrow \Bbb{R}$ such that its image is algebraically independent (over $\Bbb{Q}$) ?
-2
votes
1answer
152 views

non-trivial convergent sequence [duplicate]

I have reached a deadlock to find a example to show that a compact Hausdorff space does not need to have a no non-trivial convergent sequence.(except $\beta\omega$) can you give me a example of ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

proof of “supermodular function induces measure”

A function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}$ induces a measure by its finite differences, that is \begin{align} \mu((\mathbf{a},\mathbf{b}]) := \Delta_{a_1,b_1}\cdots\Delta_{a_n,b_n} f ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Fourier multiplier with a singularity on a convex curve

Let $h$ be a strictly convex function such that $h(0) = h'(0)=0$. Let $\Phi: \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}$ be a $C^{\infty}$-function with compact support (say, $\Phi$ is supported on ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

Approximation of an integral over the unit ball of L_1

For every $\varepsilon>0$ find a piecewise continuous function $q:[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ such that $\int_0^1 q(x)dx=1$ and $$\int_{0}^1 \int_{0}^{s} \left|\frac{q(s)q(t/s)}{s}- ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Does a particular iteration produce a weak solution to a non linear pde?

Consider the following non linear pde in the unknown $v(x,y)$: $$ \frac{\partial v(x,y)}{\partial x} + \Big(\frac{\partial v(x,y)}{\partial x} \Big)^2 = e^{2 ty}-1 $$ where $t$ is some fixed small ...
4
votes
0answers
130 views

Is there an appropriate weighted Sobolev space to include exponential map and projection map?

Observe that given a non negative function $\omega: \mathbb{R^2} \rightarrow [0, \infty)$, we can define the weighted $L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^2, \omega) $ spaces. They are measurable functions $f: ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Limit involving regularlized gamma function and its inverse

Let $$L(x)=Q\left(\frac{x}{2},\frac{a}{a+f(x)/\sqrt{x}}Q^{-1}\left(\frac{x}{2},1-b^{1/g(x)}\right)\right)$$ where $Q(s,x)=\frac{\Gamma(s,x)}{\Gamma(s)}$ is the upper incomplete gamma function ...
6
votes
4answers
701 views

Numerically computing $\int_0^1 \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-x^4}}dx$

In the book, "Pi and the AGM" by Borwein and Borwein, it is mentioned that Gauss computed the following integral to the eleventh decimal palce. $\int_0^1 \frac{1}{\sqrt{1-x^4}}dx$ How did he do it? ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Special finite subcover of a compact

Let $(a,b)\in \mathbb R^n$. We consider the following open cover of the compact line segment $[a,b]$: $$[a,b]\subset\underset{x\in [a,b]}{\bigcup}B(x,\rho_x),$$ where for $x\in K,B(x,\rho_x)$ is a ...
0
votes
0answers
84 views

Two distribution spaces ${\mathcal S}'/{\mathcal P}$ and ${\mathcal S}_\infty'$

Let ${\mathcal S}'$ be the set of all distributions. Denote by ${\mathcal P}$ the set of all polynomials, which is embedded into ${\mathcal S}'$ as a closed subspace. Equip ${\mathcal S'}/{\mathcal ...
0
votes
2answers
409 views

Is there a probability density function satisfying the following conditions?

I find myself in need of the solution of this problem in finding a probability density function. I had asked this question in Math Stack Exchange but I did not get an answer so I am posting it here. ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

AM-GM interpolation in the limit

Given a sequence of positive numbers $X = (x_1, x_2, \dots)$, define the $k$th elementary symmetric mean of the first $n$ entries to be $$ S(X, n, k) := \frac{\displaystyle\sum_{1 \leq i_1 < ...
5
votes
0answers
189 views

Sum of product maximum

For which pairs of integers $(n,m)$ is the maximum of the following function $$f(x)=\sum_{i_1+\dots +i_n=m}\prod_{k=1}^n x^{i_k}_{k},\ \ x=(x_1,\dots,x_n), \|x\|=1$$ attained when $x_1=\dots=x_n$? ...
10
votes
2answers
284 views

Is it possible to have the set $f^{-1}(\lbrace x \rbrace)$ perfect for every $x$?

There are examples of functions $f \colon [0,1] \longrightarrow [0,1]$ such that for any $\alpha $, $f^{-1}(\lbrace \alpha \rbrace)$ is uncountable. My favorite example is $$f(r) = \limsup_n ...
4
votes
0answers
163 views

decreasing rearrangements: why the asymmetry of measure-preserving maps?

Ryff proved in 1970 that the decreasing rearrangement $f^*$ of a, say, continuous function $f:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}$ admits a measure preserving map $\phi$ such that $f=f^*\circ\phi$. In general it is ...
2
votes
1answer
220 views

Is there a probability density function providing the least expected value?

Fix constant reals $A>1$ and $D>0$. Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to[0,\infty)$ be a probability density function on $\mathbb{R}$, i.e. $\int_{-\infty}^\infty f(x)\, dx=1$, that is continuous almost ...
13
votes
1answer
673 views

An Entropy Inequality (generalized)

Let $X,Y$ be probability measures on $\{1,2,\dots,n\}$. For $0\le \alpha \le 1$, set $K=\sum_i X(i)^\alpha Y(i)^{1-\alpha}$ so that $Z:=\frac{1}{K}X^\alpha Y^{1-\alpha}$ is also a probability ...
28
votes
1answer
2k views

An Entropy Inequality

Let $X,Y$ be probability measures on $\{1,2,\dots,n\}$, and set $K=\sum_i\sqrt{X(i)Y(i)}$ so that $Z:=\frac{1}{K}\sqrt{XY}$ is also a probability measure on $\{1,2,\dots,n\}$. How can we prove the ...
4
votes
1answer
190 views

How to get an expression for this integral(Numerically/Analytically)

I have the following problem: I need to evaluate the integral $$\int_{\cos(\alpha)}^{1} P_l(t)P_{l'}(t) dt $$ for $\alpha \in [0,\pi]$ and each combination of $l$ and $l'$, where $P_l$ is the l-th ...
3
votes
2answers
538 views

Do proper Zariski closed sets of algebraic sets have measure zero

This is a question related to another question I asked: here. Say we induce a probability measure that is absolutely continuous with respect to to Lebesgue measure onto an irreducible real algebraic ...
1
vote
0answers
143 views

When does a proper Zariski closed set have measure zero with respect to a conditional measure?

Assume we have a probability measure $\mu$ over $\mathbb{R}^d$ that is absolutely continuous with respect to Lebesgue measure. Given $m$ polynomials $p_1,\ldots,p_{m}\in \mathbb{R}[x_1,\ldots,x_d]$ ...
2
votes
0answers
186 views

Obtaining a pointwise bound on the convolution of two singular measures

I am confused about a passage in the paper by T. Tao A sharp bilinear restriction estimate for paraboloids. We are in Section 7, near equation (34) (pag.16 of the arxiv). Notations and ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

An inequality involving multi-index

I came across these inequalities while learning about Schwartz functions (Classical Fourier Analysis, Grafakos) and I have no idea how to prove this: For $x \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $\alpha = ...