The real-analysis tag has no wiki summary.

**16**

votes

**5**answers

810 views

### Floors of powers of reals, how much do the first few determine the next?

Call an integer sequence $\mathbf{x}=\left( x_1,x_2,\cdots \right)$ feasible if it is $f(r)=\left(\lfloor r \rfloor, \lfloor r^2 \rfloor, \lfloor r^3 \rfloor,
\ldots, \lfloor r^n \rfloor, \ldots ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Approximating an iteratively defined function

Let $f_0,f_1,\ldots$ be a sequence of functions $f_n : [0,1] \rightarrow R$ defined as follows:
$$f_0(x) =1+2x$$
$$f_{n}(x) := \left\{\frac{5+t}{2} : \text{ where t solves } ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### The geometric-mean factorial

Think of the factorial as $f(n) = n \odot (n-1) \odot \cdots \odot 2 \odot 1$,
where $\odot$ is the binary operator for multiplication, $\cdot$. This suggests exploring replacing
$\odot$ with other ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

487 views

### Relating the roots of polynomials to the solution sets of certain functional equations

Consider a functional equation of the following form:
$$\sum_{k=0}^n a_k\,\underbrace{f(f(\cdots f}_{k}(x)\cdots )=0\quad \big(f:\,\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R},\;a_i\in ...

**39**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is a function with nowhere vanishing derivatives analytic?

My question is the following: Let $f\in C^\infty(a,b)$, such that $f^{(n)}(x)\ne 0$, for every $n\in\mathbb N$, and every $x\in (a,b)$. Does that imply that $f$ is real analytic?
EDIT. According to ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

850 views

### Generalization of Darboux's Theorem

Darboux's Theorem. If $f:[a,b]\to\mathbb R$ is differentiable and $f'(a)<\xi<f'(b)$, then there exists a $c\in (a,b)$, such that $\,f'(c)=\xi$.
Does any of the following generalizations
Let ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Estimating a quantity from an estimate in its integral

I am reading a paper in which the following argument is made. We have two positive real valued functions $f(x)$ and $g(x)$. We know that $$\int_0^x \int_0^y f(z) \ dz \ dy \leq g(x).$$
It is then ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### Alternative proof of Lojasiewicz inequality

is there a "brute force proof" of the Lojasiewicz inequality? By "brute force" i mean without introducing the machinery of semianalytic sets and so on but only using elementary results (i.e. standard ...

**25**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Differentiable functions with discontinuous derivatives

For years I've taught my honors calculus students about functions like (the continuous extension of) $x^2 \sin 1/x$, and for just as many years I've told them that they won't encounter functions like ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

86 views

### Compactly supported smooth function with Laplace transform bounded on a cone

My question is if it is possible to find a compactly supported smooth function $\varphi:\mathbf{R}\to \mathbf{R}$ s.t. the following integration $\int_{\mathbf{R}}\varphi(t)e^{itx}e^{tx}dt$ stays ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

71 views

### A bound for a product in BMO

The question: Let's consider $f\in L^\infty(\mathbb{T})$ and $g\in BMO(\mathbb{T})$. I'm trying to figure out if the following inequality is true
$$
\|fg\|_{BMO}\leq C\|f\|_{L^\infty}\|g\|_{BMO}.
$$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

132 views

### Quantitative version of of Riemann Lebesgue Lemma

I'm wondering if there exists a "Quantitative version of of Riemann Lebesgue Lemma" at least for the following case
$
\int_{1}^{\infty}F(t)e^{-2\pi i wt}dt
$
where $F(t)$ is a Piecewise cont. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

59 views

### Expressions in “continued” monotone functions

Recall continued fractions: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continued_fraction
Now take a look at this question: ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

121 views

### Is a particular set of polynomials dense in a set of functions?

Let us consider the set $\mathcal{F}$ of strictly increasing continuous functions from $[0;1]$ on $[0,1]$ that cancel in $0$ and are equal to $1$ in $1$. So, if $f\in \mathcal{F}$ one has $f(0)=0$ and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### Is there a differentiable but nonsmooth version of the continuous Implicit Function Theorem?

From the result discussed in Does the inverse function theorem hold for everywhere differentiable maps? (which I'll call the differentiable nonsmooth Inverse Function Theorem) one can obtain a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### A special case of the Divergence theorem

I am interested in the following statement:
Let $F$ be a vector field in $\mathbb{R}^n$ that is $C^1$-smooth in a
domain $U$, continuous up to the boundary $\partial U$, and vanishing on ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Dyadic approach to Marcinkiewicz interpolation for Lorentz Spaces

In Exercise 21, in a note by professor Terrence Tao on his own blog
http://terrytao.wordpress.com/2009/03/30/245c-notes-1-interpolation-of-lp-spaces/
Exercise 21 Suppose we are in the situation ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### compactness related to some distance defined on the space of increasing functions2

Let $I=[0,1]$ and denote by $C^{+}(I)$ the space of continuous increasing functions. Can we find a distance $d$ for $C^+(I)$ such that the set of the form
$$d(f,g)\rightarrow 0\Longrightarrow ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

786 views

### Are planar Lipschitz curves countable unions of graphs?

More precisely:
Question:
Let $\gamma \colon [0,1] \to \mathbb{R}^2$ be Lipschitz. Do there exist Borel (or Suslin) sets $A_i \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ and directions $v_i \in \mathbb{R}^2$, for ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Asymptotic value of a multivariate integral

The following question is a simple case of a type of problem that occurs in combinatorial enumeration problems.
Define
$$F(x_1,\ldots,x_n) = \frac{1}{(2\pi)^{n/2}}\exp\biggl( -\frac12\sum_{j=1}^n ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Isolated critical points

Is the following statement true or false?
Let $f:U\subset{\bf R}^n\to{\bf R}$ be a $C^2$-function (or $C^k$, with $k>2$; or real analytic) defined in a neighborhood $U$ of $0$. Assume that $0$ is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Hausdorff metric on C[0,1]

Let us consider $C[0,1]$, the space of continuous functions $f\colon [0,1] \to \mathbb{R}$. It comes usually with the metric of the maximum, or of the supremum, $d_{L^{\infty}}$. Each element $f$ in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### A fixed point problem in infinite dimensions for monotonic algebras

Let $A$ be an algebra over $[0,1]$, whose operations are all unary monotone (increasing or decreasing) bijections, except that $A$ also includes the infimum operation over finite or countably many ...

**26**

votes

**2**answers

819 views

### Continuous functions $f$ with $f(A)$ linearly independent when $A$ is independent

Is there any characterization of continuous functions $f : \Bbb{R}\longrightarrow \Bbb{R}$ such that for any linearly independent set $A$ (over the rationals) $f(A)$ is also linearly independent ?

**18**

votes

**3**answers

845 views

### Is there a function defined on real numbers which is continuous from the left, but not from the right, everywhere

I am teaching Mathematical analysis. A student asked this question. I think this is a good question, but don't know the answer.

**1**

vote

**2**answers

242 views

### Bounds on the largest root of a polynomial

Consider the following polynomial: $p(x)=x^{3}-(k-1)x^{2}-(2k-1)x+(k-1)^{2}$, where $k \geq 5$ is a fixed parameter. I am trying to find a strong lower bound on the largest root $x_{\max}$ of the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Proof that Newton expansion over derivatives has the properties of an integral [duplicate]

Let's consider a Newton expansion over consecutive derivatives of a function:
$$F(x)=\sum_{m=0}^{\infty} \binom {-1}m \sum_{k=0}^m\binom mk(-1)^{m-k}f^{(k)}(x)$$
Can it be proven that such ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Implications of natural functions (as defined here) to integrals and iterations

This is a split from the previous question which I re-formulated to better match the received answer.
Let's define a natural function as a continuous function that is equal to its Newton expansion:
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Quantifying the “flatness” of functions which are the Fourier transforms of positive functions

Short version of question: I'm trying to understand the extent to which a function is prevented from being "flat" as a result of being the Fourier transform of a positive function. That is, the extent ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

179 views

### Is there an absolutely continuous function $f$

Is there an absolutely continuous function $f$ satisfying
$$
|f(x+\delta)+f(x-\delta)-2f(x)|\leq \mbox{const}\frac{|\delta|}{\log \frac{1}{|\delta|}},\,\,\, |\delta|<1,
$$
which is not $C^{1}$?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

168 views

### Is $f$ an absolutely continuous function? [closed]

Let
$$
f(x)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{\sin(2^{n}\pi x)}{n\cdot2^{n}}, \,\,\,\,\,\, x\in [-1, 1].
$$
Is $f$ an absolutely continuous function? If yes how can I show it? If not how about on total ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Are all discrete-analytic funtions as defined here also natural?

Let's define a discrete-analytic function as a function that is equal to its Newton expansion:
$$f(x) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k f\left (0\right)=\sum_{m=0}^{\infty} \binom {x}m ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

336 views

### Is sigma-additivity of Lebesgue measure deducible from ZF?

Is sigma-additivity (countable additivity) of Lebesgue measure (say on measurable subsets of the real line) deducible from the Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory (without the axiom of choice)?
Note 1. ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

153 views

### Let f:J→R be an absolutely continuous and f'\in…?

Let $f:J\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be an absolutely continuous.
Under what kind of extra condition for $f'$, (not $C$) holds the following relation?
$$
\Big | \frac{1}{|I_{1}|}\int_{I_{1}}f'(x)dx- ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

106 views

### Extensibility of real analytic function of several variables to complex domain

My question relates to the extensibility of a real analytic function of several variables to a specific complex domain.
In order to formulate the question, let me define the following complex ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

166 views

### A general inequality about spherical mean of a function

suppose $\overline u(r)=\frac{1}{\omega_{n-1}}\int_{S^{n-1}}u(r,w)dw,0<r<1,$ is the average of $u(r,w)$ on sphere $S^{n-1}$,where $(r,w)$ are the polar coordinates in $R^n$.
My question is ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### On derivatives of polynomials majorized by $\max(1,|x|^d)$

In the course of generalizing the Bernstein-Markov theorem to normed space, Harris came up with the following question.
Suppose that $p$ is a real polynomial satisfying $|p(x)| \leq (1+|x|)^d$. ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

75 views

### Representing quasianalytic functions in several variables

For functions in a quasianalytic Denjoy-Carleman class we have the property that their Taylor expansions at a point (the origin) determines the function. For classes that don't only contain analytic ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

143 views

### Finding a simpler “local” lower bound for a rational function

I have obtained as the expression for some quantity the following gargantuan formula:
$$ \frac{k^8 + 3k^7 + 8k^6 + 3k^5 - 16k^4 - 32k^3 + 63k^2 - 34k + 6}{k^6 + 3k^5 + 6k^4 - 24k^2 + 21k - 5}$$.
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Beurling density and interpolation

Let $\Lambda=\{\lambda_n\}_1^\infty$ a set of points on the real line. We denote by $\bar{n}(r)$ the largest number of points in any interval $[x,x+r]$, $r>0$. Define the upper uniform density ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Dual of the space of vector valued Borel measures

What is the dual of the space of all vector valued Borel measures?

**1**

vote

**2**answers

195 views

### Is there a Calderon-Zygmund decomposition for $L^p$ function

The Calderon-Zygmund decomposition for a $L^1$ function is well known, which says for any $f\in L^1$, then we can decompose $f$ into a good term $f$ and a bad term $\sum b_k$, such that for any ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Weak relative compactness in $L^1_{loc}$.

In my work I stumbled upon a proposition (without proof, alas), which I can't really prove.
Suppose we have a family of functions $\left\{\phi_\epsilon (t,x,v)\right\}_{\epsilon\in(0,1]}$, and $M(v)$ ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

380 views

### Is the mapping $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow [0,1], \ x \mapsto \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\lfloor x^n \rfloor \mod 2}{2^n}$ surjective?

Is the mapping
$$
f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow [0,1], \ x \mapsto \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\lfloor x^n \rfloor \mod 2}{2^n}
$$
surjective?
If not, what is its image?
If yes, what can be said about ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### An Integral Functional Equation

Let $f$ be a non-negative function supported and integrable on the positive real axis, such that
$$\int_0^\infty f(x+y)p(y) dy = c[p] f(x), $$
where $c[p]$ a number (functional) dependent on function ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

129 views

### Roots of the derivative as symmetric functions of the roots of the polynomial

Let $p(t)=(t^2-a_1^2)\ldots(t^2-a_n^2)$ be an even polynomial with distinct real non-zero roots. Can the roots of its derivative $p'(t)$ be expressed nicely (e.g. as rational symmetric functions) in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

160 views

### What's the asymptotic behavior of this function at large distance? [closed]

This question is based on some Physics motivation. Define a distance function $f(\mathbf{r})=\int_{\Omega }d^2k\int_{\Omega }d^2q \cos[(\mathbf{k}-\mathbf{q})\cdot\mathbf{r}]$, where ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### Does the difference quotient of an absolut cont. funct. converge in L^1?

Assume that $\mu$ is a finite Radon measure on the real line and $f$ is integrable wrt. $\mu$. Define
$F(x)=\int_{]\infty;t]}f(y)d\mu(y) $
Is the following statement true?
The functions ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

201 views

### Preimage of a smooth function

Suppose we are given a smooth function $f\colon \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ and some number $c$. What can be said about the preimage $f^{-1}(c)$.
There's the theorem on regular preimages, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Regularity for the Mean Value Theorem

Consider the most classical form of the Mean Value Theorem: given a positive continuous function $f\in C([0,2])$ and a continuous function $g\in C([0,2])$, there exist ...