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7
votes
0answers
281 views

About the first decimal of $\sqrt {n!}$

Do we have : $$\sup\{\sqrt {n!} - E(\sqrt {n!}); n\in I\!\!N\}=1?$$ Where $E(\cdot)$ is the integer part function, and $n!=1\times 2...\times n$.
0
votes
0answers
68 views

variation norm of a Fourier transform

Motivated by certain uniform estimate in oscillatory integrals, I am now trying to calculate the Fourier transform of the function ${\large e^{i|t|^{\epsilon}}/t}$ on $\mathbb{R}$, where $\epsilon\in ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

A calculus question related to the nonnegative definite functions

I am looking for some sufficient conditions for an even, continuous, nonnegative, non increasing function $f(x)$ on $R$ such that $$ \int_0^\infty \cos(xz) f(z) d z \ge 0 \qquad\text{for all $x\ge ...
4
votes
1answer
446 views

Elementary Proof of the Uniqueness of Smooth Structures on R

Is there any 'elementary' proof of the uniqueness of smooth structures on $\mathbb{R}$? By elementary, I mean that the proof does not use any sophisticated topological machinery. In particular, I'm ...
-3
votes
1answer
235 views

Hilbert space vector representation for data in a metric space. Where am i wrong in this experiment?

Consider the function space $M$ such that all its elements are of bounded variation, square integrable and of unit norm. An equivalence class is defined over this set as, $f \sim g$ iff for some ...
1
vote
1answer
223 views

Nepero game (by Yacov Perelman)

I have already posted this question time before on stackexchange, but didn't receive a definitive solution. So this is the game: consider a positive integer number $n$ and divide it in a finite ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

Is it possible to improve the order of convergence of averages of random variables if they are not identically distributed?

Let $X_n$ be a sequence of independent random variables (but not necessarily identically distributed) taking values in $[-1,1]$ that have the following property: 1) The average $A_n := \frac{(X_1+ ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Precompactness of a sequence of convex functions

Suppose we have a bounded convex open set $\Omega$ in $\mathbf{R}^n$,and a sequence of convex functions $P_n$ such that $||P_n||_{L^2(\Omega)}\leq C\forall n$.Is it possible to find a subsequence ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

Asymptotic Expansion of Double integral

Crosspost from math.stackexchange. Have a look at the great answers there, even though they do not quite answer the question completely. Define $$G(\theta) = \int\limits_0^\infty \int\limits_0^{2\pi} ...
10
votes
1answer
443 views

Metric $d(A,B) = \mathbb P(\overline A\cup\overline B\mid A\cup B)$

I'm wondering where the relative probabilistic distance was first studied: $$d(A,B) =\mathbb P(\overline A\cup\overline B\mid A\cup B)$$ where $\overline A$ is the complement of $A$. A web search ...
-1
votes
1answer
157 views

What is the advantage of the knowledge of jumps for approximating a function with trigonometric polynomials?

Let $f:(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}$ be square integrable, bounded variation and piecewise continuous function. Let the points of jump be $\{x_i/a<x_i<b,i = 1,2,3,...n\}$. The goal is to approximate the ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Uniform continuity in the first variable on compacts w.r.t the other variables for a continuous function

It is a notational doubt. I have seen the following notation in a book for the continuous function $f$: $f(.,.):\Bbb R^d \times \Bbb R^d \to \Bbb R$ is uniformly continuous in the first argument on ...
3
votes
2answers
349 views

Looking for some function

Is there a continuous function $F: R\to R$ such that $F$ is a surjection but not an injection, $F(Q)\subset Q$ and the restriction $F: Q\to Q$ is an injection, but not a surjection. Here $Q$ denotes ...
1
vote
0answers
230 views

On the remainder term in Taylor's formula [closed]

(1) What are the main differences, in terms of "usefulness" while solving problems (even at research level), among Cauchy, Lagrange, and Schlömilch's forms of the remainder in Taylor's formula? Could ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

New research and re-discovering classic results in “basic” real analysis

Sometimes, it happens that researchers publish a new proof of an old well-known result in "basic real analysis" (I'm referring to what some American people may call "honors calculus"). For instance, ...
5
votes
0answers
39 views

Cusp point and straightness of a smooth curve.

I have a smooth curve of length $L$ with a single cusp point $P$ occuring at length $s = L_P$. Let the curve in arc length parametrization be $\alpha_t(s) \equiv (X_t(s),Y_t(s)) $. They are actually a ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Convergence of solutions of the volterra integral equation with convergent kernels

Consider the following Volterra integral equation $$ g(t) = \int_0^t K_n(t,s)w_n(s) ds $$ where g(t) and K_n(t,s) are continuous and $K_n(t,s)\geq K_{n+1}(t,s)$ for all $t,s$. Moreover, $K_n(t,s)$ ...
8
votes
4answers
720 views

What does it mean when we say we have computed a number to a certain accuracy using a probabilistic algorithm?

My intention is to ask a general question about probabilistic (Monte Carlo) algorithms. But to keep things simple, I will focus on a few specific examples. Let me start the discussion with ...
11
votes
1answer
286 views

Are all well behaved “mean” functions on $\mathbb{R}^+$ equivalent?

Given a set $S$, a function $M: S\times S \rightarrow S$ is a mean if it satisfies the properties: $M(a,a)=a\qquad$ (identity) $M(a,b)=M(b,a)\qquad$ (commutativity). and possibly ...
3
votes
0answers
427 views

Two (strictly related) proofs by induction of inequalities

This is a question I originally asked on MSE, receiving no answer, even with a bounty (which expired) on it. Therefore I am crosslinking in order to prevent duplication of effort: see here for the ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Uniqueness of an embedding theorem for Real differential fields

I will follow a preliminary exposition for the problem in question, which will essentially follow the format on http://www4.ncsu.edu/~singer/papers/model_diff_fields.pdf [pg. 87]: Let $K$ be a real ...
-2
votes
1answer
169 views

Prove that $\sum_{a<n\le b}\{f(n)\}=\frac{1}{2}(b-a)+O(\lambda^{1/3}(b-a)+\lambda^{-1/2})$ [closed]

Let $a,b\in\mathbb{Z}$, and $f\in C^2([a,b])$ such that $|f''(t)|\asymp \lambda$ for $a\le t\le b$. Prove that $$\sum_{a<n\le b}\{f(n)\}=\frac{1}{2}(b-a)+O(\lambda^{1/3}(b-a)+\lambda^{-1/2}).$$ ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Baire sets in locally compact Hausdorff spaces

I posed this on 14 Dec. at http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1067751/baire-sets-in-locally-compact-hausdorff-spaces, but there has been no response: (This is a follow-up to ...
3
votes
0answers
458 views

Question on a proof by Solonnikov,Ladyzhenskaya,Ural'tseva

I have already asked this question on Mathematics SE, because I suppose that it is not research level. But I haven't got an answer, possibly here someone can answer. Let $G(t,x)$ be the fundamental ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Schoenberg correspondence on $L^p$

Schoenberg correspondence states that $\psi: \mathbb R^d\longrightarrow \mathbb C$ is conditionally positive definite and hermitian if and only if $e^{t\psi}$ is positive definite for each $t>0$. ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Fourier transform of $sin(\frac{1}{x})$ for $x > 0 (x > 1)$

Please, give me the cue: does exist analytical representation of Fourier Transform of $sin(\frac{1}{x})$ for$ x>0$ (or $x>1$). Maybe exist an approximation of $FT(sin(\frac{1}{x}))$ by Bessel ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

Implicit function theorem on boundary points

I have the following examples: (1) $xy-1=0$ with $x\ge 0$. By the implicit function theorem, we can solve when $x\in(0, \infty)$. Here on the boundary we have $y=\frac{1}{x}\rightarrow \infty$ as ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Surjectivity of “nice maps” from local properties

What tools are available from real algebraic geometry, analysis and topology to check surjectivity of a map $f:M_{1}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^{d}$ from local properties and maybe function values? ...
1
vote
2answers
79 views

Finding conditions to guarantee existence of solutions to IVP [closed]

Consider the following IVP: $x'=f(t,x)$ and $x(0)=x_0$, where $x\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $t\in \mathbb{R}$. Suppose that for all $(t,x)\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$, $|f(t,x)|\leq b(t) |x|^2$. In order for the ...
2
votes
1answer
287 views

Banach space of discontinuous functions(Killing continuous functions)

Edit: According to the comment of Prof. Majer, I revise the question: For a metric space $X$, we put $A=\{f:X\to \mathbb{C}\mid \text{f is bounded}\}$. We define two semi norm on $A$ ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Prove a function, defined by integration of a harmonic function, is log-convex [closed]

Let $u$ be a harmonic function and we define $$ q(r)=\int_{\partial B(0,r)}u^2(x)\,dx $$ The question is about to prove that $q(r)$ is log-convex, i.e., I want to show $\log q(r)$ is convex function ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

continuous extensions of concave functions

Let $N$ be a lattice. For a ring R we denote $N_R := N \otimes R$. My question is the following: Does a continuous and concave function \begin{eqnarray*} f: N_{\mathbb{Q}} \to \mathbb{R} ...
5
votes
0answers
194 views

A generalization of Jensen's Inequality

Jensen's inequality is well known as $$E\big[f(X)\big]\le f\big(E[X]\big)$$ where $X$ is a integrable random variable and $f: R\to R$ is a bounded concave function, see also ...
-2
votes
1answer
95 views

Upper and lower limits [closed]

Find the following limits: (1) $\limsup_{n\to\infty } \sin (n!) $ (2) $\liminf_{n\to\infty } \sin (n!) $ (3) $\limsup_{n\to\infty } \cos (n!) $ (4) $\liminf_{n\to\infty } \cos (n!) .$
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Question regarding to approximate continuity

Given $u\in BV(R^N)$, we say $u$ is approximate continuous at $x$ and the approximation limit is $l\in R$ if $$ \lim_{r\to 0}\frac{\mathcal{L}^N(B(x,r)\cap \{|u-l|>\epsilon\})}{r^N} =0 $$ for all ...
4
votes
0answers
64 views

A monoid-structure on pairs of interlacing polynomials

Let us call a pair of two real polynomials $(P,Q)$ interlacing if $\deg(P)=\deg(Q)+1$, both polynomials have strictly positive leading coefficients and $P,Q$ have only real roots which interlace ...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

The weighting function for the infinite product of necklaces

Let us consider the limit $\lim_{n\to \infty}\prod_{p=1}^n N(p,a)$ where $N(n,a)$ is the number of fixed necklaces of length $n$ composed of $a$ types of beads. Let's rewrite the product in a way ...
1
vote
0answers
161 views

Separability of the space $C(C[0, 1], \mathbb{R})$

Let $E=C([0, 1])$ be the space of all real-valued continuous functions on $[0, 1]$, equipped with the uniform norm. $C(E)$ stand for the continuous real-valued functions on $E$. I am wondering that ...
7
votes
2answers
568 views

A generalized mean-value theorem

I'm pretty sure that if the function $f$ is continuous on $[x_1,x_3]$ and twice-differentiable on $(x_1,x_3)$, with $x_1 < x_2 < x_3$, then there must exist $x$ in $(x_1,x_3)$ for which $f''(x)$ ...
22
votes
1answer
387 views

Which ordered fields are homeomorphic to their power?

It is well known that $\mathbb{R}^2\ncong \mathbb{R}$. It is also known that $\mathbb{Q}^2\cong \mathbb{Q}$. It is a corollary to Sierpiński's theorem which states that every countable metric space ...
9
votes
4answers
320 views

Are these three different notions of a graph Laplacian?

I seem to see three different things that are being called the Laplacian of a graph, One is the matrix $L_1 = D - A$ where $D$ is a diagonal matrix consisting of degrees of all the vertices and $A$ ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Lebesgue point and regularity of functions

A known theorem says that for $f \in L_{loc}^1(\mathbb{R}^d)$, almost every point is a Lebesgue point. I know too a theorem saying that for $f \in W_{loc}^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^d)$ , every point is a ...
3
votes
1answer
269 views

Does this function have any exponential growth?

Has anyone seen any function of the following type? $$ g(x):=\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}\exp\left(-\frac{a^n}{x}\right),\quad a>1,x\ge 0. $$ The question is whether for some constant ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

Do they have the same limit?

Suppose $a(\cdot)\in L^p$ and is symmetric and $b(\cdot)\in L^q$, where $1/p+2/q=2$, $p,q\ge 1$. Consider the quantity $Q_T=$ $$ ...
0
votes
0answers
92 views

Asymptotic analysis of a sum of complex summands using integral

I'm trying to find the exact asymptotics of a sum: $$A = \sum^n_{i=0} \begin{pmatrix} 2n \\ i \end{pmatrix} x^{i} y^{2n-i} $$ as $n\rightarrow\infty$. Here $x,y$ are complex numbers, $|x|\leq1, ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Absolutely continuous functions

it is well known that if a function $f:[0,T]\to\mathbb{R}$ satisfies the inequality $$\vert f(t)-f(s)\vert\leq \int_s^t{m(r) dr},$$ for $s<t$ and some $m\in L^1([0,T])$ then $f$ is absolutely ...
0
votes
1answer
219 views

Continuity of a Functional

A certain functional $T$ is defined as: $$T(F)=\int_{(0,1)}F^{-1}(s)M(ds)$$ where $M$ is a probability measure with support $[\alpha,1-\alpha]$,for $\alpha>0$. The result that above functional is ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Is there an improvement for the Schur-Horn inequalities for positive semi-definite matrices?

By the Schur-Horn inequality I am thinking of the statement that for any Hermitian matrix $H$ its diagonal n-tuple $(H_{11},H_{22},..,H_{nn})$ for any choice of basis lies in the convex hull of the ...
-2
votes
2answers
56 views

Systems of ODEs that fulfill a matrix relationship at steady state [closed]

It is well known that for a system of linear ODE $$x'(t) = A(t) \cdot x(t) + b(t)$$ with initial condition $x(t_0) = x_0$, that for a solution at any other time point $t_1$, $x(t_1) = (z_1, \ldots, ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Do the sequences with divergent associated $\zeta$-function form a vector space?

Let $V$ be the set of sequences $a \in\mathbb{R}^\mathbb{N}$ such that $\lim_{n\to\infty} a_n = 0$. The set $V$ can be seen as a real vector space, with pointwise addition and scalar multiplication. ...