**0**

votes

**1**answer

45 views

### On 1-iso maps and subsets of the unit circle

Let $S$ be the unit circle and for any $x,y \in S$ let $d(x,y)$ be the lenght of the smallest arc between $x$ and $y$. A bijective map $\phi : S\longrightarrow S$ is called 1-iso if the following ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

67 views

### Roots of generalized homogeneous polynomials

A polynomial $P(\xi)$ of $n$ real or complex variables is homogeneous of order $m$ with respect to $\lambda \in \mathbb{Z}_{+}^n$ if $$P(\xi) = \sum\limits_{\substack{(\alpha, \lambda) = m \\ \alpha ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Does infinitesimal variance imply continuity?

Let $u:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}^n$ be a bounded Borel function.
It is well-known that if, for any compact interval $I\subseteq [0,1]$,
$$ \int_I|u-u_I|^2\le C|I|^{1+\alpha} $$
for some $C,\alpha>0$ (here ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

60 views

### Differentiability criterion in the Zygmund class

Let $ f: \mathbf{R}^{m} \rightarrow \mathbf{R} $ be a continuous
function, $ \omega $ be a modulus of continuity and assume
$$ | f(x+h) +f(x-h) -2f(x) | \leq \omega(|h|)|h| $$
whenever $ x,h \in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### limit multiple integral

I want to know if $\lim_{T-> \infty}$ of this integral
$$ \frac{\sigma^{4}C_{H,K}^{2}}{4 T^{4HK}e^{2\theta T }}\\
\times ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

106 views

### What are the spaces for which the Fourier transform is an automorphism? [closed]

this is well-known that the Fourier transform is an automorphism of $L^2(\mathbb R)$ and also of $\mathcal S(\mathbb R)$ (Schwartz space). Is there any other spaces of functions of one real variable ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### An inequality for integral on spheres

I have a question concerning to the integral on sphere. It's maybe true and simple but I don't know how to prove it. Could anyone have some suggestions? Thanks.
Denote $S^{n-1}$ the unit sphere in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### $L^p$-bounding inequality [closed]

Do we have that$$\|Du\|_{L^{2p}} \le C\|u\|_{L^\infty}^{1\over2} \|D^2u\|_{L^p}^{1\over2}$$for $1 \le p < \infty$ and all $u \in C_c^\infty(U)$? Here, $U$ denotes an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Sobolev inequality involving summing from $j = 0$ to $m - 2$, exists constant

Let $I = (0, 1)$ and $1 \le q < \infty$. For all $\epsilon > 0$, does there exist $C = C(\epsilon, q)$ such that$$\|D^{(m - 1)}u\|_{L^q(I)} + \sum_{j = 0}^{m - 2} \|D^ju\|_{L^\infty(I)} \le ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

88 views

### A problem about the quotient space of an extended Dirichlet space

Let $(\mathscr{E},\mathscr{F})$ be a recurrent Dirichlet form on $L^2(X;m)$ and $\mathscr{F}_e$ the corresponding extended Dirichlet space, then $1\in\mathscr{F}_e$ and $\mathscr{E}(1,1)=0$. Let ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### a sum of ratios of quadratic forms

I have the following function that I would like to optimize over the value A
$$f(A)=\sum_k \frac{\mathbf{y}_k^H\left[\begin{array}{cc} 1&0\\ 0& A \end{array} ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

213 views

### Two elementary inequalities for real-valued polynomials

I am looking for references discussing two inequalities that come up in the study of the dynamics of Newton's method on real-valued polynomials (in one variable). The inequalities are fairly ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

170 views

### Proving the non-degeneracy of the critical points of the potential function for a certain vector field with $ n $ point-singularities

This question is an expansion of another question that I asked over at Math Stack Exchange.
In what follows, $ \alpha \in \mathbb{R}_{> 1} $ is a constant, $ n $ a fixed integer $ \geq 2 $, and $ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

56 views

### Perturbation in Besov space

$\|f\|_{B^{0}_{p,p}}=(\sum_{j\geq -1} \|\Delta_j f\|_p^p)^{1/p}$ is the Besov norm of $f$.
Here the Fourier transform of $\Delta_jf~(j\geq 0)$ is $\psi(2^{-j}\xi)\hat{f}(\xi)$ and $\psi$ is a smooth ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

380 views

### Does $a_n=\prod^n_{k=1}(1-e^{k\alpha \pi i})$ converge to zero when $\alpha$ is irrational?

I came across a problem concerning about the convergence of products. I wonder if the complex series $a_n=\prod^n_{k=1}(1-e^{k\alpha \pi i})$ converges to zero when $\alpha$ is irrational. Of course, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Measurable sets of probability measures $\{\mu \in M: (\mu \times \mu)(A) \in B\} \in \mathscr{M}$

Let $(X,\mathscr{F})$ be a measurable space, and let $M$ be the set all probability measures $\mu: \mathscr{F} \to [0,1]$. Let us denote with $\mathscr{M}$ the $\sigma$-algebra on $M$ generated by the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Extension of harmonic function with bounded $L^{2}$ norm

Let $h:D\setminus \{0\}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a harmonic function, where $D$ is the unit disc in $\mathbb{R}^{2}$, with bounded $L^{2}$ norm, i.e. $||h||_{L^{2}(D)}^{2}=\int_{D}|h|^{2}(x,y)dxdy ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

251 views

### Ordinal of injectivity for a smooth regular curve with a finite arc-length

Let $\gamma: [a,b]\to\mathbb{R}^d$ defined by $$\gamma(t)=(\gamma_1(t),\dots,\gamma_d(t)) $$ be a smooth (i.e., $\gamma\in C^\infty (\mathbb{R}))$ and regular ($\gamma^\prime(t)\neq \vec 0$) curve ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Modify the jump set of $BV$ function

Let $u\in BV(\Omega)$ be a function of bounded variation where $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ is open bounded with smooth boundary. We use $Du$ to denote the weak derivative of $u$. (So $Du$ is a Radon ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

69 views

### Expansion of a power series as integral of cosine functions

Suppose $$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty (-1)^k x^{2k} \int_0^1 p(\xi_{2k})\int_0^{\xi_{2k}}q(\xi_{2k-1})\cdots\int_0^{\xi_3}p(\xi_2)\int_0^{\xi_2}q(\xi_1) d\xi_1 \;d\xi_2\cdots d\xi_{2k-1}\;d\xi_{2k},$$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

65 views

### Regularized integral and asymptotic expansion

Let $f:(0, \infty) \longrightarrow (0, \infty)$ be a monotonously increasing function (in fact, a step function) and let $P$ be a polynomial of degree $N$. Suppose I know that for some $k$, the limit
...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

595 views

### The origin of the Ramanujan's $\pi^4\approx 2143/22$ identity

What is the origin of the Ramanujan's approximate identity $$\pi^4\approx 2143/22,\;\;\tag 1$$ which is valid with $10^{-9}$ relative accuracy? For comparison, the relative accuracy of the well known ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Simplicity of eigenvalues

Consider the Sturm-Liouville operator$$Au = -(pu')' + qu \text{ on }I = (0, 1),$$where $p \in C([0, 1])$, $p \ge \alpha > 0$ on $I$, and $q \in C([0, 1])$. No further assumptions are made; in ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

219 views

### On what kind of condition of a compact set $K$ in the plane, $C(K)$ has a generator?

Let $K\subset \Bbb{C}$ be a compact subset of the complex plane, and let $C(K)$ be the space of all complex continuous functions on $K$.
We say that $f\in C(K)$ is a generator of $C(K)$ when the set ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

232 views

### $C[0,1]$ is Banach-space isomorphic to $c_0(C[0,1])$

$c_0(C[0,1])$ is the $c_0$-direct sum of countably many $C[0,1]$.How to prove
$C[0,1]$ is Banach-space isomorphic to $c_0(C[0,1])$.
Here,Banach-space isomorphism means a bounded invertible operator ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

228 views

### Asymptotic behavior of Sturm-Liouville eigenvalues

I have two questions.
Consider the operator $Av = -v'' + a(x)v$ on $I = (0, L)$, with zero Dirichlet condition and $a \in C([0, L])$.
Let $(\lambda_n)$ denote the sequence of eigenvalues of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### measure of an image under an argmax function

I am trying to find any techniques to analyze the measure of an image of a set under an argmax function.
For example, let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be compact and $\phi:\Omega\to\mathbb{R}$ be ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

69 views

### Level sets and integral of functions of two variables

Let $f_1,f_2$ be two positive functions on $\Omega_1, \Omega_2 \subset R^2$ with $f_1|_{\partial \Omega_1}=f_2|_{\partial \Omega_2}=0$. For every $\lambda>0$, denote the the area of the domain ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### $C^{\infty}_{loc}$-convergence - right definition

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$ be some open set. Let $f_{n},f\in C^{\infty}(\Omega)$. My question is: What does the following phrase mean? $f_{n}$ converges to $f$ in $C^{\infty}_{loc}(\Omega)$. ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### If $u \in H^1(U)$, then $Du = 0$ almost everywhere on the set $\{u = 0\}$, auxiliary result

Let $\phi$ be a smooth, bounded and nondecreasing function, such that $\phi'$ is bounded and $\phi(z) = z$ if $|z| \le 1$. Set$$u^\epsilon(x) := \epsilon \phi(u/\epsilon).$$Do we necessarily have ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Continuous inclusions Sobolev theorem, question [closed]

How do I see that if $f$, $g \in H^s(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for $s > n/2$, then $fg \in H^s(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and$$\|fg\|_{H^s(\mathbb{R}^n)} \le C\|f\|_{H^s(\mathbb{R}^n)}\|g\|_{H^s(\mathbb{R}^n)},$$the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

409 views

### Generalized Jordan theorem and winding number

By the generalized Jordan theorem any continuous injective map
$S^{n-1} \hookrightarrow R^n$ splits $R^n$ into two regions, one being bounded (interior) and the other one unbounded (exterior). It ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

373 views

### A problem on real valued functions in $\mathbb{R}^2$ with least variation

Let $\alpha(s) = (x(s),y(s))$ be the arc length parametrization of a plane, smooth, closed, convex curve, of length $L$. Let $J:(0,L)\to\mathbb{R}$ be a smooth and Bounded variation (BV introduced ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

80 views

### Quadratic Convergence in Fixed Point Iteration

Quadratic convergence is the hallmark of Newton's Method for root-solving. I'm looking for a result that implies the Newton result that looks like this:
Theorem : Let ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

27 views

### Representation of multi-variable functions as a composition of 1- or 2-variable functions [duplicate]

This is a re-post of my question from M.SE that remains unanswered for several months.
I'm familiar with Kolmogorov–Arnold representation theorem, but AFAIK their construction makes essential use of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

103 views

### Divergence Theorem for Distributions

I am interested in a generalization of the divergence theorem: Given an open subseteq $U \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, a compact set $G \subseteq U$
with smooth boundary $\partial G$ and a $C^1$-vector ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

61 views

### Approximating characteristic functions by cutting the real axis into smaller and smaller pieces

Let $\Lambda_r^*=\frac{1}{2\pi r} \mathbb{Z} \subset\mathbb{R} (r>0)$, let $E\subset\mathbb{R}$ be a Lebesgue measurable set with finite measure $|E|$, define $J_r=(-\frac{1}{4\pi r}, \frac{1}{4\pi ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

107 views

### Extremal problem for sequences

Let $a_n$ be a sequence of positive numbers and define $$A_n=\sum_{k=1}^{n-1} a_k a_{n-k}.$$ I am interested in the supremum of the following quantity $X/Y$ where $$X=\sum _{i=1}^{\infty } \left(\sum ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Using wavelets to capture the $L^2$ norm of $f''$

I posted this question on MSE a couple of days ago. Someone gave some hints, which, besides the fact that I struggle to understand them, go in a numerical analysis direction, which I am not interested ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### Urysohn type cut off function

I am looking for a cutoff function.
The Urysohn's Lemma says
Let $X$ be a $T_{4}$ space and $A,B \subset X$ be two closed and disjoint subsets of $X$. Then there exists a continuous function $f:X ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### How to show monotonocity and the limit? [closed]

Let me reformulate my recent question.
Let $n, N$ denote density and cdf of Gaussian distribution. Let us consider its modification, given by density:
$$\phi(x) = C\left\{ \begin{array}{lcc}
...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

140 views

### Exists $C = C(\epsilon, q)$ such that $\|u\|_{L^p(0, 1)} \le \epsilon \|u'\|_{L^1(0, 1)} + C\|u\|_{L^1(0, 1)}$ for all $W^{1, 1}(0, 1)$? [closed]

Let $1 \le p < \infty$. For all $\epsilon > 0$, does there exist $C = C(\epsilon, q)$ such that$$\|u\|_{L^p(0, 1)} \le \epsilon \|u'\|_{L^1(0, 1)} + C\|u\|_{L^1(0, 1)} \text{ for all }u \in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

53 views

### Does there exist any subsequence $(u_{n_k})$ converging strongly in $L^q(\mathbb{R})$, for any $1 \le q \le \infty$? [closed]

Fix a function $\varphi \in C_c^\infty(\mathbb{R})$, $\varphi \not\equiv 0$, and set $u_n(x) = \varphi(x + n)$. Let $1 \le p \le \infty$. Does there exist any subsequence $(u_{n_k})$ converging ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

409 views

### Does there exist some $C$ independent of $n$ and $f$ such that $ \|f''\|_p \geq Cn^2 \| f \|_p$, where $1 \leq p\leq \infty$?

Let $f$ be a trigonometric polynomial on the circle $\mathbb{T}$ with $\hat{f}(j) = 0$ for all $j \in \mathbb{Z}$ with $\lvert j \rvert < n$. Does there exist some $C$ independent of $n$ and $f$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Using $H^2$ to find a cyclic vector in $\ell^2$

Let us consider $\ell^p(\mathbb{Z})$. We know that the vector $e_1=(\dots,0,0,1,0,0,\dots)$ is a cyclic vector in sense that given the right shift operator $S:(\dots,x_0,x_1,x_2,\dots)\mapsto ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

111 views

### existence of a special conformal mapping

Sorry I don't know how to give an appropriate title.
In the complex plane, suppose there is a graph $x+if(x)$ separating the plane into two unbounded components, where $f(x)$ is smooth and bounded, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### Continuous non-constant function with infinite intersections with horizontal line on a compact interval?

The title might be misleading, but whether such a function exists is what boggles me about the following problem:
Let $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function such that for all ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Generalized Lax-Milgram for Weak Formulation of 1D Linear Schrodinger

I am interested in the variational formulation of the 1D Schrodinger equation:
$i u_t- \beta u_{xx} = 0 $ and $u(x,0)=u_0(x)$ which upon integration by parts yields:
$i(u_t,v) + \beta (u_x,v_x) = 0$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Topology in space of test functions $\mathcal{D}(\Omega)$ and space of distributions $\mathcal{D}'(\Omega)$

We can concluded that $\mathcal{D}(\Omega):=\bigcup_{K \in \mathcal{K}(\Omega)} \mathcal{D}_K(\Omega)$ (where $\mathcal{K}(\Omega)$ denotes the union of all compacts set content in a open subset ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

158 views

### Does the truncated Hausdorff moment problem admit absolutely continuous solutions?

Let $\mu$ be a (Borel) probability measure on $[0,1]$ and define $m_j(\mu) = \int x^j\,\mu(dx)$. Let $k$ be a positive integer and consider the set $\mathcal C_{\mu,k}$ of probability measures $\nu$ ...