# Tagged Questions

**4**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### Classifying countable sets of weighted dots on a real line

Each dot is located on the real line and assigned a weight that can be positive or negative. A dot is equivalent to two(or more) dots located at the same place whose weights sum is equal to that of ...

**48**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Square root of dirac delta function

Is there a measurable function $ f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}^+ $ so that $ f*f(x)=1 $ for all $ x\in \mathbb{R} $, i.e $$\int\limits_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(t)f(x-t) dt=1 $$ for all $ x\in \mathbb{R} $.

**1**

vote

**0**answers

75 views

### Convolution Integral involving an unknown function

I've got the following problem I'm working on which is related to some of my research.
I am trying to solve the following equation for the function $f$.
$$t^{-\alpha} \exp{ \left(- \beta x^2 t^{-2 ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Well-definedness on $C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$

Let $T$ be a Calderon-Zygmund operator associated to a Calderon-Zygmund kernel $K\in CZK_{\alpha}$ of order $\alpha>0$ and $b\in BMO(\mathbb{R}^{n})$. Then for $f\in C_{0}^{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Uniqueness from orthogonality relation?

This question was posted yesterday on MathOverflow by Michael Smith and received a number of upvotes. I too think the question was interesting. However, for some unknown to me reasons, it has been ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### On the continuity of Riemann-Liouville integral

For a function $f:(0,1)\to\mathbb{R}$, the Riemann-Liouville integral of $f$ is defined by
$$
(I^{1-\nu}f)(t):=\frac{1}{\Gamma(1-\nu)}\int_{0}^{t}\frac{f(s)}{(t-s)^{\nu}}ds,
$$
where $\nu\in(0,1)$ is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

120 views

### Integration against Borel measures on compact Hausdorff spaces

I am studying the properties of integration against Borel measures and Baire measures. And I am not sure whether the following proposition is correct and I tried to give a proof.
Suppose that $X$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

87 views

### A singular integral of several functions

While playing with some PDE I came across a singular integral that looks something like
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Multidimensional integrals that diverge by oscillation

It's not hard to extend the theory of integration over ${\bf R}$ so that the integral of any compactly supported function is its usual value, while the integral of $f(t) = \cos (at+b)$ (with $a \neq ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### Is the regularization of a Fourier transform unique?

The Fourier transform of the Coulomb potential $1/\vert \mathbf r \vert$ of an electric charge doesn't converge because one obtains
$$F(k)=\frac {4\pi}{k} \int_0^\infty \sin(kr) dr.$$
The standard ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

77 views

### Root of a special rational function with positive coefficients

During my research I came across the following problem:
I need to find a root of the following function:
$$\Gamma_{N}(x) = \sum\limits_{i=0}^{M}\left(\frac{\sum\limits_{n=0}^{n_F}n\ \alpha_{i,n} ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

55 views

### Inverting two paraboloid relations

Let's suppose we have two variables $(\alpha, \beta)$ on two functions $k_1, k_2$ that can be defined in terms of matrix relations:
$$
k_1 = \left| \xi^T \mathcal{F}^T \mathcal{F} \xi \right|
$$
$$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### The norm of the operator in the Calderon-Marcinkiewicz interpolation theorem

I read a general Marcinkiewicz interpolation theorem (the Calderon-Marcinkiewicz theorem) in J.Bergh's book "Interpolation Spaces - An Introduction".(Page 113-114, Theorem 5.3.2). If $T:L_{p_ir_i}\to ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### Interpolation functional for BV spaces?

Recently, while trying to tackle a problem, I found that it would be convenient that I could find some sort of 'interpolation theorem' for Bounded Variation Spaces. More specifically, let's define, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

73 views

### Sequence of subharmonic functions on shrinking domains

Set $G_\eta:=\{(x,y)\in \mathbb{R}^2|-\eta<x<\eta, 0<y<1\}$. If $u_\eta\geq 0$ is a sequence of subharmonic functions defined on $G_\eta$ such that
$$
\int_{G_\eta}|u_\eta|^2dx\wedge ...

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

276 views

### Proof of formula for $\pi$ [closed]

The number $\pi$ can be expressed as $\pi=\lim_{n\to\infty} \frac{n\sqrt[n]{-1}-n}{\sqrt{-1}}$ or more poetically $\pi=\frac{\infty\sqrt[\infty]{-1}-\infty}{\sqrt{-1}}$. Here we choose the principal ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Density of polynomials in $C^k(\overline\Omega)$

Let $\Omega$ be an open and bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$ and let $C^k(\Omega)$, $1\leq k<\infty$, be the space of functions $f$ with continuous derivatives of order $\leq k$ in $\Omega$, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

26 views

### Pointwise convergence of a sequence of approximate limits of BV functions

So, let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^2$ bounded and consider a sequence of functions $\{u_k\}_{k\in\mathbb N}\subset BV(\Omega)$ and $u\in BV(\Omega)$ such that $u_k\rightarrow u$ weakly* in $BV(\Omega)$. ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Nonlinear smooth bijection from $\mathbb Q$ to itself [duplicate]

Is there a bijection $\phi: \mathbb Q \to \mathbb Q$ such that
$\phi$ is nonlinear: different from $ax+b$,
$\phi$ is smooth: the extension $\hat{\phi}$ of $\phi$ over $\mathbb R$ is $\mathcal C^2$ ?
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### Metric analogues of bounded variation

A function $f:[a,b]\to\mathbb{R}$ is said to be of bounded variation if
$$ \sup_I \sum_{i=1}^n |f(x_i)-f(x_{i-1})| \le V $$
for some finite $V>0$, where the supremum is over all finite partitions
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

64 views

### Lower Matuszewska index of positive increasing $O$-regular functions

I am not sure if this question is too specific on notations (I think the question is intuitive, but basically the only reference I know with this kind of notations is Bingham, Goldie & Teugels ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### stochastically decreasing sequence converges in distribution

Let $(X_i)_{i=1}^\infty$ be independent nonnegative integer valued random variables. Suppose that $X_n \succeq X_{n+1}$ (in the stochastic dominance sense). Does it follow that $X_n \overset{d}\to X$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Norm-averaging reference request

(Apology in advance for the broadness of this question) I recently came across a relatively simple application where I needed to "balance" the "spreaded-out-ness" of a function with the "peaked-ness" ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Restrictions on spectral measure

Given any Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb{R}$, define a map that sends any $f\in C_c(\mathbb{R})$ to $$T_\mu(f)(y)=\int \langle\exp(-i x \lambda),f(x)\rangle\exp(iy\lambda)d\mu(\lambda).$$
Here ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

45 views

### On 1-iso maps and subsets of the unit circle

Let $S$ be the unit circle and for any $x,y \in S$ let $d(x,y)$ be the lenght of the smallest arc between $x$ and $y$. A bijective map $\phi : S\longrightarrow S$ is called 1-iso if the following ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

68 views

### Roots of generalized homogeneous polynomials

A polynomial $P(\xi)$ of $n$ real or complex variables is homogeneous of order $m$ with respect to $\lambda \in \mathbb{Z}_{+}^n$ if $$P(\xi) = \sum\limits_{\substack{(\alpha, \lambda) = m \\ \alpha ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Does infinitesimal variance imply continuity?

Let $u:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}^n$ be a bounded Borel function.
It is well-known that if, for any compact interval $I\subseteq [0,1]$,
$$ \int_I|u-u_I|^2\le C|I|^{1+\alpha} $$
for some $C,\alpha>0$ (here ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

63 views

### Differentiability criterion in the Zygmund class

Let $ f: \mathbf{R}^{m} \rightarrow \mathbf{R} $ be a continuous
function, $ \omega $ be a modulus of continuity and assume
$$ | f(x+h) +f(x-h) -2f(x) | \leq \omega(|h|)|h| $$
whenever $ x,h \in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### limit multiple integral

I want to know if $\lim_{T-> \infty}$ of this integral
$$ \frac{\sigma^{4}C_{H,K}^{2}}{4 T^{4HK}e^{2\theta T }}\\
\times ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

108 views

### What are the spaces for which the Fourier transform is an automorphism? [closed]

this is well-known that the Fourier transform is an automorphism of $L^2(\mathbb R)$ and also of $\mathcal S(\mathbb R)$ (Schwartz space). Is there any other spaces of functions of one real variable ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

58 views

### An inequality for integral on spheres

I have a question concerning to the integral on sphere. It's maybe true and simple but I don't know how to prove it. Could anyone have some suggestions? Thanks.
Denote $S^{n-1}$ the unit sphere in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### $L^p$-bounding inequality [closed]

Do we have that$$\|Du\|_{L^{2p}} \le C\|u\|_{L^\infty}^{1\over2} \|D^2u\|_{L^p}^{1\over2}$$for $1 \le p < \infty$ and all $u \in C_c^\infty(U)$? Here, $U$ denotes an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Sobolev inequality involving summing from $j = 0$ to $m - 2$, exists constant

Let $I = (0, 1)$ and $1 \le q < \infty$. For all $\epsilon > 0$, does there exist $C = C(\epsilon, q)$ such that$$\|D^{(m - 1)}u\|_{L^q(I)} + \sum_{j = 0}^{m - 2} \|D^ju\|_{L^\infty(I)} \le ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

102 views

### A problem about the quotient space of an extended Dirichlet space

Let $(\mathscr{E},\mathscr{F})$ be a recurrent Dirichlet form on $L^2(X;m)$ and $\mathscr{F}_e$ the corresponding extended Dirichlet space, then $1\in\mathscr{F}_e$ and $\mathscr{E}(1,1)=0$. Let ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### a sum of ratios of quadratic forms

I have the following function that I would like to optimize over the value A
$$f(A)=\sum_k \frac{\mathbf{y}_k^H\left[\begin{array}{cc} 1&0\\ 0& A \end{array} ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

221 views

### Two elementary inequalities for real-valued polynomials

I am looking for references discussing two inequalities that come up in the study of the dynamics of Newton's method on real-valued polynomials (in one variable). The inequalities are fairly ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

171 views

### Proving the non-degeneracy of the critical points of the potential function for a certain vector field with $ n $ point-singularities

This question is an expansion of another question that I asked over at Math Stack Exchange.
In what follows, $ \alpha \in \mathbb{R}_{> 1} $ is a constant, $ n $ a fixed integer $ \geq 2 $, and $ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

58 views

### Perturbation in Besov space

$\|f\|_{B^{0}_{p,p}}=(\sum_{j\geq -1} \|\Delta_j f\|_p^p)^{1/p}$ is the Besov norm of $f$.
Here the Fourier transform of $\Delta_jf~(j\geq 0)$ is $\psi(2^{-j}\xi)\hat{f}(\xi)$ and $\psi$ is a smooth ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

460 views

### Does $a_n=\prod^n_{k=1}(1-e^{k\alpha \pi i})$ converge to zero when $\alpha$ is irrational?

I came across a problem concerning about the convergence of products. I wonder if the complex series $a_n=\prod^n_{k=1}(1-e^{k\alpha \pi i})$ converges to zero when $\alpha$ is irrational. Of course, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Measurable sets of probability measures $\{\mu \in M: (\mu \times \mu)(A) \in B\} \in \mathscr{M}$

Let $(X,\mathscr{F})$ be a measurable space, and let $M$ be the set all probability measures $\mu: \mathscr{F} \to [0,1]$. Let us denote with $\mathscr{M}$ the $\sigma$-algebra on $M$ generated by the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Extension of harmonic function with bounded $L^{2}$ norm

Let $h:D\setminus \{0\}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a harmonic function, where $D$ is the unit disc in $\mathbb{R}^{2}$, with bounded $L^{2}$ norm, i.e. $||h||_{L^{2}(D)}^{2}=\int_{D}|h|^{2}(x,y)dxdy ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

253 views

### Ordinal of injectivity for a smooth regular curve with a finite arc-length

Let $\gamma: [a,b]\to\mathbb{R}^d$ defined by $$\gamma(t)=(\gamma_1(t),\dots,\gamma_d(t)) $$ be a smooth (i.e., $\gamma\in C^\infty (\mathbb{R}))$ and regular ($\gamma^\prime(t)\neq \vec 0$) curve ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Modify the jump set of $BV$ function

Let $u\in BV(\Omega)$ be a function of bounded variation where $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ is open bounded with smooth boundary. We use $Du$ to denote the weak derivative of $u$. (So $Du$ is a Radon ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

69 views

### Expansion of a power series as integral of cosine functions

Suppose $$f(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty (-1)^k x^{2k} \int_0^1 p(\xi_{2k})\int_0^{\xi_{2k}}q(\xi_{2k-1})\cdots\int_0^{\xi_3}p(\xi_2)\int_0^{\xi_2}q(\xi_1) d\xi_1 \;d\xi_2\cdots d\xi_{2k-1}\;d\xi_{2k},$$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

66 views

### Regularized integral and asymptotic expansion

Let $f:(0, \infty) \longrightarrow (0, \infty)$ be a monotonously increasing function (in fact, a step function) and let $P$ be a polynomial of degree $N$. Suppose I know that for some $k$, the limit
...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

600 views

### The origin of the Ramanujan's $\pi^4\approx 2143/22$ identity

What is the origin of the Ramanujan's approximate identity $$\pi^4\approx 2143/22,\;\;\tag 1$$ which is valid with $10^{-9}$ relative accuracy? For comparison, the relative accuracy of the well known ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Simplicity of eigenvalues

Consider the Sturm-Liouville operator$$Au = -(pu')' + qu \text{ on }I = (0, 1),$$where $p \in C([0, 1])$, $p \ge \alpha > 0$ on $I$, and $q \in C([0, 1])$. No further assumptions are made; in ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

219 views

### On what kind of condition of a compact set $K$ in the plane, $C(K)$ has a generator?

Let $K\subset \Bbb{C}$ be a compact subset of the complex plane, and let $C(K)$ be the space of all complex continuous functions on $K$.
We say that $f\in C(K)$ is a generator of $C(K)$ when the set ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

242 views

### $C[0,1]$ is Banach-space isomorphic to $c_0(C[0,1])$

$c_0(C[0,1])$ is the $c_0$-direct sum of countably many $C[0,1]$.How to prove
$C[0,1]$ is Banach-space isomorphic to $c_0(C[0,1])$.
Here,Banach-space isomorphism means a bounded invertible operator ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

234 views

### Asymptotic behavior of Sturm-Liouville eigenvalues

I have two questions.
Consider the operator $Av = -v'' + a(x)v$ on $I = (0, L)$, with zero Dirichlet condition and $a \in C([0, L])$.
Let $(\lambda_n)$ denote the sequence of eigenvalues of ...