# Tagged Questions

268 views

### Possible to find a set of log-concave functions with log-concave sums?

While the set of log-convex functions is closed under addition, the set of log-concave functions is not. Yet if $f$ is log-concave, $\ln(k f) = \ln(k)+\ln(f)$, with $k \in \mathbb{R}^+$ constant, is ...
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### Properties of a rational function of multiple variables

Suppose you are given a multivariable rational function f(x0,x1,x2,x3,..,xn), so the only four operation are +,-,*,/. Assume that all constants and exponents are integers within certain range. I ...
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### Integral inequality

Let $X$ be the d-dimensional hypercube $X=[0,1]^d$ and let $f$ and $g$ be such that $f(x) = 1$ if $x \in A$ and $0$ otherwise, $g(x)=1$ if $x \in B$ and $0$ otherwise, where $A$ and $B$ are generic ...
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### Checking whether this would be bounded

It may be better to post this question here. Assume that $M$ is an $m$ by $m$ ($m$ is an even number) symmetric positive-semi-definite matrix with exactly $m/2$ positive eigenvalues and every entry of ...
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$f$ is a smooth function on $[0,+\infty)$ and $f(x)>0$ for all $x>0$. Then does the following equivalence hold : $\phi(x,y)=f(\sqrt{x^2+y^2})$ is smooth if and only if $f^{(k)}(0)=0$ for all ...
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### Can we calculate the inner product of a semicontinous function with the Dirac delta function?

Dear all, It is clear that if $f:R\mapsto R$ is a continuous function, than $< f, \delta_x >=f(x)$. Now, if $f$ is only semicontinous, can we say that $< f, \delta_x >=f(x)$? I think this ...
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### Calculating a distributional derivative

Suppose that we have a sequence of functions $u_j$ that are in $L^{\infty}(0,1)$. Then the sequence of maps $N_j(s) := \|u_j(s)\|^2$ are also in $L^{\infty}(0,1)$. Hence they give rise to ...
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### Are piecewise linear curves dense among Hölder curves?

Consider for some $0 < \alpha \le 1$ the space functions $x:[0,1] \to \mathbb{R}^n$ such that $x(0) = 0$ and $\sup_{s,t} \frac{\|f(t)-f(s)\|}{|t-s|^{\alpha}}$ is finite. There are at least two ...
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### A product sum inequality question

For any $x_{1},x_{2},\cdots x_{6}$ with $\sum_{i=1}^{6}x_{i}^{2}=1$ and $y_{1},y_{2},\cdots y_{6}$ in $\mathbb{R}$ with $\sum_{i=1}^{6}y_{i}^{2}=1$, do there always exist $z_{1},z_{2},\cdots z_{6}$ in ...
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### How to determine whether a multivariate function is bounded or not

Suppose there is a function $f:\mathbb{R}_+^n\mapsto \mathbb{R}$. Are there any systematic ways to determine whether the range of $f$ is bounded or not? For example, there is a function ...
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### Power function inequality

Let $x$ and $p$ be real numbers with $x \ge 1$ and $p \ge 2$ . Show that $(x - 1)(x + 1)^{p - 1} \ge x^p - 1$ . I recently discovered this result. I am sure it is known, but it is new to me. It is ...
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### A singular value inequality

Let $s_1,s_2: \mathbb{R}^{2\times 2} \mapsto \mathbb{R}_+$, $s_{1}\left(\cdot\right)\ge s_{2}\left(\cdot\right)\ge 0$, be the singular values of a $2\times2$ matrix. Is it true that ...
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### functions on intervals with endpoints

Would most analysts say that $(2/3) x^{3/2}$ is an antiderivative of $x^{1/2}$ on $[0,\infty)$, or just on $(0,\infty)$? More generally, is there a standard interpretation of the assertion "$F$ is an ...
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### Functions whose antiderivative behaves like xf(x)

I'm wondering if a classification of analytic functions, $f\,$ (it may be that $C^1$ is enough, but I'm not taking any chances, if you have a reason why I only need to consider a larger class of ...
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### local behavior of a finite Borel measure

Let $\mu$ be a finite Borel measure on $\mathbb{R}^n$. I am interested in how does $\mu(B(x,r))$ behave, where $B(x,r)$ is the open ball of radius $r$ centered at $x$. For instance, as far as I ...
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### Inf of a mutivariate function

Let $f(x_1,\ldots , x_n) = \frac{x_1}{x_2+x_3} + \frac{x_2}{x_3+x_4} + \cdots + \frac{x_n}{x_1+x_2}$, defined for $x_i>0$. Is there $(x_1, \ldots ,x_n)\in {\mathbb{R}^*_+}^n$ such that ...
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### Interesting applications (in pure mathematics) of first-year calculus

What interesting applications are there for theorems or other results studied in first-year calculus courses? A good example for such an application would be using a calculus theorem to prove a ...
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### A Jordan Arc in the unit disk

Let D be the open unit disk, and J a Jordan arc (that is a homeomorph of [0, 1]) that lies in D, except J(0) lies on the boundary of D, say J(0)=1. I would like to see that D\J([0, 1]) is a path ...
Should the mean value theorem be taught in first-year calculus? Most calculus textbooks present the MVT just before the section that says that if $f'>0$ on an interval then $f$ increases on that ...