4
votes
0answers
95 views
+50

If the generating function summation and zeta regularized sum of a divergent exist, do they always coincide?

One could assign a value to divergent series by means of several summation methods. One summation method we could consider is the generating function method. Let's sum, for example, the fibonacci ...
0
votes
1answer
189 views

Prove that these two definitions of “natural” integration constant coincide when both converge

These are two possible definitions of antiderivative (integral) incorporating a supposedly natural choice of an integration constant (see this question for further details). The first one is based on ...
11
votes
1answer
244 views

Cantor set intersecting a geometric sequence

I was working on a problem involving finding all points in the intersection of the Cantor set $C$ and the geometric sequence $\{ (2/3)^i \}_{i=1}^\infty$. The only points I have in this intersection ...
4
votes
1answer
277 views

A question on null sequences

Is it true that a sequence of real numbers $\{a_n\}$ converges to zero if and only if the sequences $\{\sin^2(nh)a_n\}$ $(h \in \mathbb{R})$ all converge to zero? In case the answer is ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Show that uniform continuity implies stochastic equicontinuity

Let $\Theta$ be a metric space and assume it is compact. Let $W_t: \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^k$ be a random variable for $t\leq T$. Let $m(.,\theta): \mathbb{R}^k\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^s$. Let ...
1
vote
2answers
193 views

Question on Morse inequalities

I want to understand why: From K.C Chang's book "Infinite Dimensional Morse Theory and Multiple Solution Problems": if i have then $(4.1)$ is formal : it means that EDIT1: $(4.1)$ tel us that ...
9
votes
1answer
818 views

Has anyone seen this series?

I come across the following infinite series. $$ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{t^n}{n!\: n^{a}}, \quad\text{for $t>0$ and $a>0$}. $$ In particular, I am interested in the case where $a=1/4$. ...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

series representation of bivariate functions

Given a bivariate function $f(x, y)$ with $x \in [-a,a]$ and $y \in [-b, b]$, what is the necessary and sufficient condition under which we can write $f(x, y) = \sum g_k(x)h_k(y)$ for all $(x,y)$ in ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Proof that Newton expansion over derivatives has the properties of an integral [duplicate]

Let's consider a Newton expansion over consecutive derivatives of a function: $$F(x)=\sum_{m=0}^{\infty} \binom {-1}m \sum_{k=0}^m\binom mk(-1)^{m-k}f^{(k)}(x)$$ Can it be proven that such ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Implications of natural functions (as defined here) to integrals and iterations

This is a split from the previous question which I re-formulated to better match the received answer. Let's define a natural function as a continuous function that is equal to its Newton expansion: ...
7
votes
1answer
410 views

Is the mapping $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow [0,1], \ x \mapsto \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\lfloor x^n \rfloor \mod 2}{2^n}$ surjective?

Is the mapping $$ f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow [0,1], \ x \mapsto \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\lfloor x^n \rfloor \mod 2}{2^n} $$ surjective? If not, what is its image? If yes, what can be said about ...
-2
votes
1answer
164 views

non-trivial convergent sequence [duplicate]

I have reached a deadlock to find a example to show that a compact Hausdorff space does not need to have a no non-trivial convergent sequence.(except $\beta\omega$) can you give me a example of ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

Terminology for sequences/functions that approach each other

What do I call two sequences $a, b$ such that $\lim_{n\to\infty} |a_n - b_n| = 0$? Or what do I call two functions $f, g$ such that $\lim_{x\to c} |f(x) - g(x)| = 0$? (For my purposes, these are ...
3
votes
0answers
205 views

The functional equation of Hofstadter's Q sequence

Hofstadter's Q sequence is defined by $Q(1) = Q(2) = 1$ and $Q(n) = Q(n-Q(n-1)) + Q(n-Q(n-2))$ for $n \geq 3$. So far hardly anything on this sequence has been proved -- not even that $Q(n)$ is ...
4
votes
1answer
269 views

Optimality of p-Lebesgue Differentiation Theorem for Sobolev Functions

This is the third question in a series whose purpose has been to flesh out an example of the optimality of the p-Lebesgue differentiation theorem for Sobolev functions. This theorem says that for $f ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

Distorted Newtion binomial

This is a cross-posting of a MSE question (which did not receive any feedback there so far). Let $\varepsilon >0$, with $\varepsilon \neq 1$. Consider the sequence $u_n$ defined by $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
399 views

Limit of functions and asymptotic behaviour

Let us consider a sequence $(p_l)_l$ of polynomials on $[0,1]$ that converge uniformely, as $l\to \infty$, to a function $f$ defined on $[0,1]$. I denote the polynomials $p_l(t) = \sum_{k=0}^{m(l)} ...
1
vote
1answer
162 views

On methods for dealing with recursively defined sequences

Define $a_1=8$ and $a_n=\frac{4^{n+1}-2^{n+2}\sqrt{4^n-a_{n-1}}}{2}$ for $n\geq 2$. By means of harmonic analysis methods it can be shown that $a_n$ converges to $\pi^2$ (this being the first ...
5
votes
0answers
314 views

Does every strictly increasing, unbounded sequence of positive real numbers contain arbitrarily long, finite subsequences which are “sort of increasing” or “sort of decreasing” (as defined below)?

Is the following true? If $(x_0, x_1, \dots)$ is a strictly increasing, unbounded sequence of positive real numbers, then there exist fixed $M,N \geq 1$ such that the sequence $(x_0, x_1, \dots)$ ...
2
votes
2answers
834 views

Ratio of Sequences Sum Inequality

I have two real sequences $a_1,a_2,\dots,a_n$ and $b_1, b_2, \dots, b_n$, with $a_i > 0$ and $1 \leq b_i < n$, and I'm looking for a lower bound of $\sum_i \frac{a_i}{b_i}$ in terms of $\sum_i ...
5
votes
0answers
715 views

Convergent series of primes [closed]

If $f(n)$ is a strictly increasing elementary function from the reals to the reals, and $p(n)$ is the $n$'th prime number. Is there any $f(n)$ such that $\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{1}{f(p(n))}$ is ...
4
votes
2answers
304 views

Is there a sufficient criteria to guarantee that $\lim_{n} a_{nn} = \lim_{m} \lim_{n} a_{mn}$ ?

Let $a_{mn}$ be a sequence in some $\mathbb{R}^k$. We know in advance that $$\lim_{n} ~a_{nn} = L_1, \qquad \lim_{m}~ \lim_{n} ~a_{mn} = L_2 $$ exist. Is there a sufficient criteria to conclude ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Sums of uncountably many real numbers [closed]

Suppose $S$ is an uncountable set, and $f$ is a function from $S$ to the positive real numbers. Define the sum of $f$ over $S$ to be the supremum of $\sum_{x \in N} f(x)$ as $N$ ranges over all ...