-2
votes
0answers
45 views

Di Perna-Lions theory for transport equation [on hold]

Does someone know if some notes on the topic mentioned in the title are available online? I'm reading the paper "Ordinary differential equations, transport theory and Sobolev spaces" by Di Perna and ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Structure of the zero set of analytic maps (Lojasiewicz’s Structure Theorem for Varieties)

The Lojasiewicz’s Structure Theorem for Varieties states that for $\Phi:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ real analytic with $\Phi(0)=0$ the set $\Phi^{-1}(0)$ is locally a union of subvarieties of ...
9
votes
2answers
553 views

Functions that Calculate their $L_p$ Norm

are there any examples of functions $f:x\in\mathbb{R}_0^+\rightarrow\mathbb{R}_0^+$ and intervals $(a,b), 0\le a \lt b \le \infty$ , for which $$\Big(\int_a^b{|f(x)|^p dx}\Big)^\frac{1}{p} = f(p)$$ ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Reference: Hardy space regularity of the Jacobian determinant

I'm looking for a reference, expository in nature, for the proof of the following theorem of Coifman, Lions, Meyer and Semmes. Theorem: For all $u\in W^{1,n}(\mathbb{R}^n;\mathbb{R}^n)$, ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

formula for repeated finite differences

I am looking for a proof of a well-known fact, whose proof must be very easy, though I've been struggling to find it. Let $\Delta$ be the map from real-valued functions of a real variable, given by ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

Generalized family of Holder inequalities

Is the "only if" direction of the following fact known? For fixed sequences $(a)_i = a_1, \dots, a_r$, $(b)_i = b_1, \dots, b_r$ and $(c)_i = c_1, \dots, c_r$, the inequality $\prod_{i = 1}^r ...
0
votes
2answers
104 views

reference needed for sobolev type estimates

I'm reading a paper and the authors applied the following sobolev type estimates $$ ||(Dv)^{2}||_{H^{3k-2}(\Omega)}\leq C||v||_{H^{3k-1+\alpha}(\Omega)}^{2} $$ for $\alpha>\frac{1}{4}$, where $v$ ...
0
votes
2answers
117 views

Analyticity of Logarithmic Integrals

Assume $f\in L^2[0,1]$ and let $g(x)=\int_0^1f(y)\ln|x-y|dy$. Is it true that $g\in C^\infty(0,1)$? Is it true that $g$ is analytic in $(0,1)$? Can you refer me to a right reference to look up such ...
3
votes
1answer
300 views

Does there exist a function such that $\int_{\mathbb{R}_+^{\star} } t^nf(t)dt=0$? [closed]

Let $f\in C([a,b],\mathbb{R})$ such that $\displaystyle\int_{a}^{b} t^nf(t)dt=0$ for all integer n. We know that $f\equiv 0$. It's call Hausdorff theorem. This theorem is wrong on $\mathbb{R^+}$, a ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

radius of the ball where the inverse of Lipschitz maps exists

I am aware of the inverse function theorem for Lipschitz maps, which uses the notion of generalised derivative $δ_{x_0} f$ of a Lipschitz map $f$, due to F.H.Clarke: Teorem. Let $f : U ⊂ \mathbb{R}^n ...
16
votes
2answers
598 views

Felix Klein on infinitesimals

This is a reference request prompted by some intriguing comments made by Felix Klein. In 1908, Felix Klein formulated a criterion of what it would take for a theory of infinitesimals to be ...
3
votes
1answer
269 views

An elementary inequality: reference request

Consider the problem of minimizing $\sum_{i=1}^{n}{x_{i}}$ under the constraints $\sum_{i=1}^{n}{x_{i}^{2}}=1$ and $x_{i} \geq 0$. Obviously the solution is given by the vector $(1,0,\ldots,0)$. Now ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Detailed Taxonomy of Multivariate Real Functions: $\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$

I want to classify the following functions: $$ f:(x,y)\in\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\sqrt{(x+1)^2+y^2}+\sqrt{(x-1)^2+y^2}-2$$ $$ ...
6
votes
1answer
206 views

Alternative proof of Lojasiewicz inequality

is there a "brute force proof" of the Lojasiewicz inequality? By "brute force" i mean without introducing the machinery of semianalytic sets and so on but only using elementary results (i.e. standard ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Lebesgue's integrability condition in several variables

The well known Lebesgue's condition of Riemann integrability says that a bounded function in one variable $f\colon [a,b] \to \mathbb{R}$ is Riemann integrable if and only if it is continuous almost ...
1
vote
2answers
219 views

Banach algebra of BV functions

I would like to find a reference for the proof that functions of bounded variation make a Banach algebra. Same question for $BV\cap L^\infty$.
6
votes
1answer
230 views

“Values” of divergent integrals

Are there existing theories of integration in which $I_0 = \int_0^{\infty} dx$ and $I_1 = \int_0^{\infty} x \ dx$ are well-defined infinite elements in a non-archimedean extension of the reals? I can ...
1
vote
2answers
239 views

Is there a reference for compact imbedding theory of Hölder space?

This question is posted and unanswered from math.stackexchange. Suppose $0 < \alpha < \beta$ and $\Omega$ is bounded. Then, the Hölder space $C^\beta(\Omega)$ is compactly imbedded to ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

Norms for complex measures

I'm searching for a state of the art introduction to norms on the space of complex measures (on $\mathbb R^n $, for example, or some compact subset thereof). I'd be interested in inequalities of the ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Young transform reference

The Young transform of nonnegative function $f(x)$, $x \in \mathbb R^n_+$ is defined to be $$ (\mathscr Yf)(y) = \inf \left[ \left. \frac{x_1 y_1 + \ldots + x_n y_n}{f(x)} \; \right|\; x \colon ...
0
votes
3answers
266 views

$L_p$ space embedding (reference request)

There is a result in the wikipedia article about $L_p$ space embedding: a. Let $0 ≤ p < q ≤ ∞$. $L_q(S, μ)$ is contained in $L_p(S, μ)$ iff $S$ does not contain sets of arbitrarily large ...
4
votes
2answers
535 views

Tails of sums of Weibull random variables

Suppose that $X_1, X_2, \ldots, X_n$ are i.i.d random variables distributed according to Weibull distribution with shape $0 < \epsilon < 1$ (it means that $\mathbf{Pr}[X_i \geq t] = ...
4
votes
1answer
208 views

Morse lemma with least amount of regularity.

I recently came across with $C^2$ Morse functions in my work and as I was reviewing some of the stuff I learned about Morse theory, I noticed that all the proofs of the Morse lemma I could come across ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Subharmonic envelope

I came across a more complicated version of the following problem. It is so elementary, I think that there had to be some research done on this in the past. If someone has any ideas please let me ...
5
votes
1answer
487 views

Extending an assignment property from Q to R (or C)

Property of any odd number of nonnegative integers: Given $x_1 \leq \ldots \leq x_{2n + 1}$ with each $x_i \in \mathbb{Z}_{\geq 0}$, suppose that for any $x_i$ we remove, the remaining numbers can be ...
4
votes
2answers
390 views

Can we calculate the inner product of a semicontinous function with the Dirac delta function?

Dear all, It is clear that if $f:R\mapsto R$ is a continuous function, than $< f, \delta_x >=f(x)$. Now, if $f$ is only semicontinous, can we say that $< f, \delta_x >=f(x)$? I think this ...
3
votes
3answers
430 views

When is the infimum of an arbitrary family of measurable functions also measurable?

Let $(X,\Sigma,\mu)$ be a measure space and consider a family of $\mu$-measurable functions $f_i:X \to \mathbb{R}$ for $i$ lying in some index set $I$. Define $$f(x) = \inf_{i \in I} f_i(x)$$ I think ...
3
votes
1answer
349 views

Ask for theory about the weighted L^2(R^d) space.

Dear MOs, I am now considering the following norm: $$ ||f||_{H}^2 := \iint f(x) H(x,y) f(y) d x d y\:. $$ where the integral is over the whole space $R^{2d}$ and $H(x,y)$ is some non-negative ...
0
votes
1answer
289 views

Asymptotic equivalence for functions with zeros

I am considering the relative asymptotic behavior of a pair of real functions on the positive real axis, say $f$ and $g$. There is no $x_0$ such that $f$ and $g$ are non-zero for all $x>x_0$. ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Divergent series expansion in Apéry's proof of the irrationality of $\zeta(2)$ and $\zeta(3)$

UPDATE. I am now making this a CW in the hope someone can improve the content of this question and/or correct the text. This is a concise version of this math.SE question of mine. I've got an answer ...
4
votes
2answers
296 views

Articles with examples of Darboux functions without fixed points

A function $f: I \to J$ ($I,J$ intervals) has the Darboux property or the Intermediate value property if for every $a < b \in I$ and for every $\lambda$ between $f(a)$ and $f(b)$ there exists $c ...
1
vote
0answers
327 views

Uniform convergence of convex functions - references

Inspired by the following question on stackexchange: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/126142/uniform-convergence-of-convex-sequence-of-functions, I thought of asking whether anyone knows of ...
5
votes
1answer
486 views

Cosets of groups of functions

Let's consider an interval $I\subseteq\mathbb R$, and let $\mathcal F(I)$ be the set of bijective functions $f:I\to I$ so that the graph of $f$ is a analytic curve in $I\times I$. The set $\mathcal ...
0
votes
2answers
495 views

Is there dual space of the distributions $\mathcal{D}'(R)$?

Dear MOs, Let $\mathcal{D}(R):=C_c^\infty(R)$ be the smooth functions with compact support. Its dual space is the space $\mathcal{D}'(R)$ of distributions. This space $\mathcal{D}(R)$ has its weak ...
3
votes
4answers
776 views

analysis over non-Archimedean ordered fields

Can anyone suggest any good references for (or any experts on) analysis over non-Archimedean ordered fields, such as the field of rational functions in one variable (ordered at 0, or if you prefer at ...
5
votes
2answers
647 views

A dual theory to the theory of currents?

The k-currents are defined as dual space to the spaces of all smooth k-forms. (These monsters are used to work with the minimal k-surfaces.) Assume I want to look at the generalized k-forms; they can ...
7
votes
1answer
483 views

Proof of the “Neo-classical Inequality”

I came across the following inequality, dubbed the "Neoclassical Inequality" which holds uniformly in $p\geq 1, n$: $\frac{1}{p^2}\sum_{j=0}^n\frac{a^{j/p}b^{(n-j)/p}}{(j/p)!((n-j)/p)!}\leq ...
5
votes
1answer
470 views

Quantitative bounds for multivariate central limit theorem

Hi, For the univariate central limit theorem, the Berry-Esseen theorem gives a quantitative bound on the rate of convergence of distributions to the Normal distribution under Kolmogorov distance: ...
5
votes
2answers
586 views

Is the inclusion of Lebesgue spaces compact?

[Disclaimer: this may be a very trivial question; it certainly looks like it ought to have been studied and understood. I started thinking about it this morning when writing some notes for ...
1
vote
1answer
888 views

Power series with non-integer exponents

Motivation: For the sake of concreteness, I'll state a very particular context, but my question is a little more general. I'm trying to find a function $\gamma\colon [0,\delta) \to [0,\delta')$ that ...
3
votes
1answer
271 views

approximately linear functions — more

Suppose $f,g$ are continuous functions from $\mathbb R$ to $\mathbb R$, with the property that $$f(x)+f(y)=g(x+y)$$ for all $x,y$. Taking $x=y=z/2$ implies that $g(x)=2f(x/2)$ so that the above ...
6
votes
1answer
807 views

approximately linear functions

i suppose it's fairly well known that if a (continuous, real-valued) function $f$ on the real line satisfies $f(x-y)=f(x)-f(y)+const$ then it is necessarily linear. are there any general ...
6
votes
1answer
633 views

Inverse function theorem for DC-functions

I would like to have an inverse (or/and) implicite function theorem for DC-functions. It seems that I have right definitions, but I fail to prove it... Definitions: Let $h:\mathbb R^n\to\mathbb R$ ...
3
votes
2answers
559 views

Analyzing the solution to a second-order, non-linear ODE

Let $\psi : [0,\infty] \to \mathbb R$ be a strictly positive, continuously differentiable function, and consider the non-linear ODE $$\ddot x = - \frac{1}{4} \frac{\psi'(x)}{\psi(x)} \left( \dot x^2 - ...
5
votes
1answer
290 views

The set of non-smooth points of a convex function is (m - 1)-rectifiable

I am looking for a reference to the following result. Let $f:\mathbb R^m\to\mathbb R$ be a convex function. Then $f$ is differentiable at all points of outside of a countable union of ...