# Tagged Questions

**4**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### On a.e. approximate differentiability of certain continuous real functions

I have the following question:
If $f:[0,1]\to \mathbb{R}$ is a bounded continuous function of $\sigma$-finite variation in sense 1, then is it true that $f$ is approximately differentiable a.e. on ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

133 views

### Product of Lebesgue and counting measures

Let $\mathbb R$ be endowed with the standard Euclidean topology and let $\widetilde {\mathbb R}$ denote the line endowed with the discrete topology. Let $\mu$ and $\nu$ denote the Lebesgue and ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

200 views

### Why does it seem that $rca=rba$? [closed]

The following paradox has got me stumped. I'm hoping someone can point out the error.
Take a locally compact metric space $X$ and define the $C_b(X)$ and $C_0(X)$ as the spaces of continuous ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Almost everywhere in a rectangle [duplicate]

I would like to ask a question about the product (Lebesgue) measure on rectangle. I tried to solve the problem but I couldn't.
Let $S$ be a subset of a region, say $R$ which is enclosed by a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### For Every Measure Zero Set $E$ There Exists a Positive Measure with Lower Lebesgue Density 0 and Upper Lebesgue Density 1

This is related to a question asked on mathstackexchange http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/831184/for-every-null-set-e-there-is-a-measurable-set-f-with-different-upper-and-lo. This question is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Approximate of binary function by indicator functions of one variable

Let $(X,F,u)$ and $(Y,G,v)$ be two probability spaces.
I know a result that the indicator functions of product measurable sets can be approximated by indicator functions of one variable. That is, for ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Metric density theorem in most general setting?

It's a consequence of Lebesgue's theorem that every measurable $E\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ has a metric density that's $1$ a.e. on $E$ and $0$ a.e. on $\mathbb{R}^n\setminus E$. What are the most general ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### a question regarding the interchange the order of finite summation with finite integration [closed]

Question (1) What are the conditions the complex function $f_n(t)$ and real parameter $B>1$ and positive integer $N>1$ need to satisfy such that the interchange of the finite summation with ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### Is this property equivalent to Lusin's property (N) for continuous functions?

A function $F:[0,1]\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ satisfies Lusin's (N) property if for every measure zero set $A\subseteq [0,1]$, $F(A)$ has measure zero. (This includes the assertion that $F(A)$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### Convex interaction energy

Does anybody know examples of absolutely continuous probability measures $\mu_0,\mu_1$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ with finite 2nd moments such that
$$
\frac{d^2}{dt^2}\left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^n\times ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

298 views

### A question about small sets of reals

In ZFC, does there exist an uncountable set of reals $A$ such that for every closed measure zero set of reals $B$, $ A + B = \{a+b : a \in A, b \in B\} \neq \mathbb{R}$?
This question is motivated ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Multivariate monotonic function

Let $f(x_1, \dots, x_n)$ be a real function on the $n$-dimensional unit cube (that is, mapping $[0,1]^n \mapsto \mathbb{R}$). Assume furthermore that $f$ is monotonic in every coordinate, and that $f$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### General version of Skorokhod representation of random variables

Let $F: \mathbb{R} \to [0,1]$ be cumulative distribution function (cdf). The standard way to build a random variable $\tau$ on $([0,1],\mathcal{B},\text{Leb})$ with $F$ as its cdf is using the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### When is the bound in Riesz-Thorin Interpolation Theorem attained?

Let me recall the statement of Riesz-Thorin theorem (see also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riesz%E2%80%93Thorin_theorem).
Theorem (Riesz-Thorin): Let $(X,\mu)$ and $(Y,\nu)$ be $\sigma$-finite ...

**0**

votes

**3**answers

217 views

### dual space of a subspace of the space of bounded measures

Let $\mathcal{M}=\mathcal{M}(\mathbb{R})$ be the space of bounded measures. Equipped with the weak convergence, the dual space of $\mathcal{M}$ is $\mathcal{C}_b(\mathbb{R})$ consisting of continuous ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

369 views

### Is sigma-additivity of Lebesgue measure deducible from ZF?

Is sigma-additivity (countable additivity) of Lebesgue measure (say on measurable subsets of the real line) deducible from the Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory (without the axiom of choice)?
Note 1. ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Dual of the space of vector valued Borel measures

What is the dual of the space of all vector valued Borel measures?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

81 views

### Does the difference quotient of an absolut cont. funct. converge in L^1?

Assume that $\mu$ is a finite Radon measure on the real line and $f$ is integrable wrt. $\mu$. Define
$F(x)=\int_{]\infty;t]}f(y)d\mu(y) $
Is the following statement true?
The functions ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

146 views

### Lebesgue's integrability condition in several variables

The well known Lebesgue's condition of Riemann integrability says that a bounded function in one variable
$f\colon [a,b] \to \mathbb{R}$ is Riemann integrable if and only if it is continuous almost ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

498 views

### Intersection of compact sets in the unit interval

Let $\mathscr K$ be an uncountable set such that every $K\in\mathscr K$ is a compact subset of $[0,1]$ with positive Lebesgue measure. Does it then follow that there exists an uncountable $\mathscr ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

130 views

### Original source for a well-known result of convergence in measure and almost everywhere

A well-known result in measure theory states that given a sequence $(f_n)_{n=1}^\infty$ of measurable functions from a $\sigma$-finite measure space $(X,\mathcal{A},\mu)$ to $\mathbb{R}$ then the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### Weak continuity of Lebesgue decomposition

Let $X$ be a space with its $\sigma$-algebra $\mathcal{B}$; we are given a finite measure $\mu$ and a sequence of finite measures $\nu_n$ such that, for every bounded continuous function ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### convolution of surface measures

Thanks for reading my question. Assume we are given two compact (possibly with boundary) $(n-1)$-dimensional $C^{\infty}$ manifolds $M_1$ and $M_2$ embedded in $\mathbb{R}^n$, with induced measure ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### proof of “supermodular function induces measure”

A function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}$ induces a measure by its finite differences, that is
\begin{align}
\mu((\mathbf{a},\mathbf{b}]) := \Delta_{a_1,b_1}\cdots\Delta_{a_n,b_n} f
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

198 views

### decreasing rearrangements: why the asymmetry of measure-preserving maps?

Ryff proved in 1970 that the decreasing rearrangement $f^*$ of a, say, continuous function $f:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}$ admits a measure preserving map $\phi$ such that $f=f^*\circ\phi$. In general it is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

150 views

### When does a proper Zariski closed set have measure zero with respect to a conditional measure?

Assume we have a probability measure $\mu$ over $\mathbb{R}^d$ that is absolutely continuous with respect to Lebesgue measure.
Given $m$ polynomials $p_1,\ldots,p_{m}\in \mathbb{R}[x_1,\ldots,x_d]$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Norms for complex measures

I'm searching for a state of the art introduction to norms on the space of complex measures (on $\mathbb R^n $, for example, or some compact subset thereof). I'd be interested in inequalities of the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

281 views

### A question about “nice” functions

Let $f:\mathbb R \rightarrow \mathbb R$ be a function such that $\lambda(I)=\lambda(f(I))$ for each interval $I \subseteq \mathbb R$. ($\lambda$ is Lebesgue measure here.) Let us call such functions ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

309 views

### Local concentration of measure on Erdos-Rényi graph

Let $G_n=(V_n,E_n)$ be an Erdos-Rényi random graph, precisely the vertex set is $V_n=(1,\dots,n)$ and the edge set is $E_n=(ij\in\mathcal{P}_2(V_n)\ |\ \epsilon_{ij}=1)$ where $(\epsilon_{ij})_{ij}$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

403 views

### Change of variables formula for Riemann integration and Lebesgue Integration

I've put this question on math.SE for a while without getting any answers. I thought it must be a rather trivial question for MO so that I didn't put it here. But I do want to get some help anyway ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

282 views

### Defining definite integral using indefinite integral.

Sometimes definite integral is defined using antiderivatives:
$$\int_{a}^b{f(t)dt}=F(b)-F(a)$$
where $F$ is any continuous function such that:
$$(\forall t\in[a,b]\setminus C)(F'(t) \space exists ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### Extension of measures from the ball sigma-algebra to the borel sigma-algebra

Let $X$ be a metric space, $\Sigma_{1}$ the borel sigma algebra and
$\Sigma_{2}$ the sigma algebra generated by balls (open and closed).
If $\mu$ is a probability measure on $\Sigma_{2}$ can it be ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

297 views

### Apollonian gasket and the degree of convergence

Let $r_1,r_2\dots$ be the radii of Apollonian gasket.
I would like to know for which values $\alpha$ we have
$$\sum_{n=1}^\infty r_n^\alpha<\infty.$$
I know that if three circles $A$, $B$ and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### Baire sets of $X$ possess the required Cartesian product property

Let $X=X_{1}\times X_{2}$ is locally compact space, and define $$E=\{E_{1}\times E_{2}\mid E_{i}\text{ is a Borel set in }X_{i}\;,\text{ for}\; i=1,2\}$$ Now why the Baire sets of $X$ are in the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

251 views

### Uniform closure of subspaces of Baire class 1

Describe a uniformly closed linear subspace $A \subset C([0,1])$ such that the space $B_1(A)$ is not uniformly complete. Here $B_1(A)$ is the set of all bounded functions $f$ which are pointwise ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

358 views

### Calculating the Lebesgue decomposition of a measure [closed]

How we should calculate the Lebesgue decomposition of a measure? Please explain it with an example such I can get the whole idea behind it.

**6**

votes

**3**answers

765 views

### Does a weaker condition than vanishing derivative imply a function being constant?

I learned this question from math.stackexchange, which is equivalent to ask that if $f:[0,1]\to \mathbb{R}$ is a continuous function with bounded variation, does
$$g(x):=\lim_{\epsilon\to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### If two probability distributions have the same weak limit and one of them satisfies Large Deviation Principle, what can we say about the other?

If the probability distribution function of two sequences of random variables have the same weak limit and one of the sequences satisfies a Large deviation principle, then does it imply that the other ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Measuring almost-critical values of smooth functions.

Consider a compact sub-manifold $X \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ of Euclidean space and let $f:X \to \mathbb{R}$ be any smooth function. Recall that $x \in X$ is a critical point of $f$ if the gradient ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### About the definition of Borel and Radon measures

I am trying to understand the notion of Radon measure, but I am a little bit lost with the different conventions used in the litterature.
More precisely, I have a doubt about the very definition of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

113 views

### sequences of plane measures converging to a singular one: terminology, etc

We are dealing with very "easy" sequences of uniform measures converging to singular measures (?), as in the following example: let $a$, $b$, and $c$ be vertices of a triangle in $\mathbb{R}^2$, and ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Counterexamples to differentiation under integral sign?

I'm exploring differentiation under the integral sign (I want to be much faster and more assured in doing this common task). So one thing I'm interested in is good counterexamples, where both ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

449 views

### Do semi-continuous functions generate bounded Borel measurable functions as a $C^*$-algebra?

This question is related to Question 2 of my previous posting.
Question. Let $\mu$ be a Radon measure on a compact Hausdorff space $\Omega$ and $L^{\infty}(\Omega,\mu)$ the set of essentially bounded ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

535 views

### Finite measure on the power set

Let $X$ be an uncountable set, and let $\Omega$ be the power set of $X$, viewed as a $\sigma$-algebra. Does there exist a positive $\sigma$-additive measure of finite total mass on $(X, \Omega)$ such ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Is a random subset of the real numbers non-measurable? Is the set of measurable sets measurable?

One might say, "a random subset of $\mathbb{R}$ is not Lebesgue measurable" without really thinking about it. But if we unpack the standard definitions of all those terms (and work in ZFC), it's not ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

441 views

### When is the infimum of an arbitrary family of measurable functions also measurable?

Let $(X,\Sigma,\mu)$ be a measure space and consider a family of $\mu$-measurable functions $f_i:X \to \mathbb{R}$ for $i$ lying in some index set $I$. Define $$f(x) = \inf_{i \in I} f_i(x)$$
I think ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

356 views

### Pointwise limit at Lebesgue's point

Dear MOs,
I am sorry if this problem is too elementary for someone. I just want to get confirmation.
Suppose $f\in L^1(R^d)$. Since almost all points are Lebesgue points by the Lebesgue ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

452 views

### A natural center of a convex weakly compact set in Banach space

Question: Let $S$ be a convex weakly compact set in Banach space $H$. Propose a natural way to define the unique center $O \in S$.
Motivation: A lot! For example, in game theory $S$ can be a set of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

304 views

### Is Jordan outer measure finitely additive on positively separated sets in $\mathbb{R^n}$?

I am trying to argue that exterior measure has nice properties that Jordan outer measure doesn't have. One of them is finite additivity, but I can't find a simple way to show Jordan outer measure is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Stable subsets with respect to pointwise convergence.

Consider the linear spacet $\mathcal{F}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ of all real functions defined in $\mathbb{R}^n$. It is well known that the subspace $\mathcal{C}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ of all real valued continuous ...