# Tagged Questions

**4**

votes

**3**answers

331 views

### Inequality of arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means

Let $a_1,\dots,a_n$ be positive numbers, does the following inequality holds?
$$\frac{a_1+a_2+\cdots+a_n}{n}-\sqrt[n]{a_1a_2\cdots a_n}\geq\sqrt[n]{a_1a_2\cdots ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Inequality for the tail of normal distribution function

Let $ ะค(x) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \int_{-\infty}^{x} e^{-t^2/2} \, dt $ be the cumulative distribution function of the standard normal distribution.
Numerical calculations suggest the following ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

104 views

### Uniform bound for an alternating series of functions

I have mainly two questions, the first one being motivated by the second one.
1) Is there a way to prove that $F(x) = \sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^{k+1} x^{2k}}{(2k)!}$ is bounded on $\mathbb{R}_+$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### About generalized Minkowski inequality

For which functions $f:\mathbb{R}^+ \to \mathbb{R}^+$ does the inequality
$f^{-1}\left(\sum\limits_{k=1}^n f(x_k+y_k)\right) \leq f^{-1}\left(\sum\limits_{k=1}^n f(x_k)\right) + ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

276 views

### An elementary inequality: reference request

Consider the problem of minimizing $\sum_{i=1}^{n}{x_{i}}$ under the constraints $\sum_{i=1}^{n}{x_{i}^{2}}=1$ and $x_{i} \geq 0$. Obviously the solution is given by the vector $(1,0,\ldots,0)$.
Now ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Dependence of the constant in Korn's inequality on the domain

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$ be an open, connected set with Lipschitz boundary, $N \geqslant 2$ and
$$ \mathcal{E} ( v) := \int_{\Omega} \sum_{i, j} \varepsilon_{i
j} ( v) \varepsilon_{i j} ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### AM-GM interpolation in the limit

Given a sequence of positive numbers $X = (x_1, x_2, \dots)$, define the $k$th elementary symmetric mean of the first $n$ entries to be
$$ S(X, n, k) := \frac{\displaystyle\sum_{1 \leq i_1 < ...

**30**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### An Entropy Inequality

Let $X,Y$ be probability measures on $\{1,2,\dots,n\}$, and set $K=\sum_i\sqrt{X(i)Y(i)}$ so that $Z:=\frac{1}{K}\sqrt{XY}$ is also a probability measure on $\{1,2,\dots,n\}$. How can we prove the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

75 views

### An inequality involving multi-index

I came across these inequalities while learning about Schwartz functions (Classical Fourier Analysis, Grafakos) and I have no idea how to prove this:
For $x \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $\alpha = ...

**13**

votes

**4**answers

881 views

### A Normal Distribution Inequality

Let $n(x) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} e^{-\frac{x^2}{2}}$, and $N(x) = \int_{-\infty}^x n(t)dt$. I have plotted the curves of the both sides of the following inequality. The graph shows that the following ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

484 views

### The fraction of the sphere a fixed distance from a subspace

The following problem has a beautiful geometric interpretation in terms of the proportion of points on the Euclidean sphere in $\mathbb{R}^d$ that lie at least a certain distance away from a ...

**12**

votes

**5**answers

799 views

### Understanding Gibbs's inequality

Short version
Gibbs's inequality is a simple inequality for real numbers, usually
understood information-theoretically. In the jargon, it states that
for two probability measures on a finite set, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### An interpolation inequality.

For all $s>0$ define for $\epsilon\in(0,1)$ the function:
\begin{equation}
g(\epsilon)=\sum_{k=0}^{\infty}(1+k)^s(\sqrt{1-\epsilon})^k.
\end{equation}
Prove that $\exists C>0$ and $\phi(s)$ such ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

404 views

### System of Equations Upper Bound

I asked a related question on math.stackexchange here but would now like to obtain a better bound. This question comes from a graph theory problem. I'll restate the new question here:
For ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

229 views

### Does this variable have an upper bound?

Let $x$ be a positive scalar variable whose time derivative satisfies
$$|\dot{x}(t)|\leq \exp \left\{\left(-\int_{0}^{t}\frac{1}{x(\tau)} \mathrm{d} \tau \right)\right\},$$
where $|\cdot|$ denotes the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

700 views

### Ratio sum comparison on operators

It is known by the Lidskii inequality, that $\sum_{i=1}^n \left|s_i(S)-s_i(T)\right|\le\sum_{i=1}^n s_i(S+T)$,
where $s_i(S)$ is the $i$-th singular value of $S$.
How would one prove that
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

710 views

### On an eigenvalue inequality

Let $\lambda_1 (\cdot)$ be the larger absolute value
eigenvalue of a $2\times2$ matrix and $\lambda_2 (\cdot)$
the smaller absolute value eigenvalue of a $2\times2$ matrix, i.e.
$|\lambda_1 (\cdot)| ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

848 views

### Ratio of Sequences Sum Inequality

I have two real sequences $a_1,a_2,\dots,a_n$ and $b_1, b_2, \dots, b_n$, with $a_i > 0$ and $1 \leq b_i < n$, and I'm looking for a lower bound of $\sum_i \frac{a_i}{b_i}$ in terms of $\sum_i ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

231 views

### Quotients of perfect powers separated by an integer

Let $a_n=\frac{(n+1)^{n+2}}{n^n}$ and $b_n=\frac{(n+2)^{(n+1)}}{(n+1)^{n-1}}$. Then it is easy to see that $a_n \leq b_n$ for all integers $n\geq 1$ (because the sequence $(1+\frac{1}{n})^n$ is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

456 views

### A product sum inequality question

For any $x_{1},x_{2},\cdots x_{6}$ with $\sum_{i=1}^{6}x_{i}^{2}=1$
and $y_{1},y_{2},\cdots y_{6}$ in $\mathbb{R}$ with $\sum_{i=1}^{6}y_{i}^{2}=1$,
do there always exist $z_{1},z_{2},\cdots z_{6}$ in ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

587 views

### Power function inequality

Let $x$ and $p$ be real numbers with $x \ge 1$ and $p \ge 2$ . Show that $(x - 1)(x + 1)^{p - 1} \ge x^p - 1$ .
I recently discovered this result. I am sure it is known, but it is new to me. It is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

506 views

### A singular value inequality

Let $s_1,s_2: \mathbb{R}^{2\times 2} \mapsto \mathbb{R}_+$,
$s_{1}\left(\cdot\right)\ge s_{2}\left(\cdot\right)\ge 0$, be the
singular values of a $2\times2$ matrix. Is it true that
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

486 views

### Proof of the “Neo-classical Inequality”

I came across the following inequality, dubbed the "Neoclassical Inequality" which holds uniformly in $p\geq 1, n$:
$\frac{1}{p^2}\sum_{j=0}^n\frac{a^{j/p}b^{(n-j)/p}}{(j/p)!((n-j)/p)!}\leq ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

410 views

### Sturm chain analogue for exponential polynomials?

I'm going to define an exponential polynomial of degree $k$ as a function $f$ of the form
$f(x) = \sum_{i=1}^k c_ie^{\alpha_ix}$ ($\alpha_i$s real).
My first question is: is there an algorithm for ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Denominators in the solution to Hilbert's XVII

Hilbert's seventeenth problem asks to prove that every positive semidefinite form can be written as the sum of squares of rational functions. Currently we don't seem to have a good understanding of ...