# Tagged Questions

**1**

vote

**0**answers

54 views

### Estimating convolutions of powers

I would like an asymptotic estimate of
$$
\sum_{y \in \mathbb{Z}^d} \frac{1}{|y-a_1|^{d-1} \ldots |y-a_n|^{d-1}}
$$
that does not involve any infinite summation. In order to lighten the notation, I ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Spectrum of this ODE

I noticed something interesting studying this Sturm-Liouville Problem:
$$ \frac{d}{dx}\left(\sqrt{(1-x^{2})}\frac{df}{dx} \right)+\frac{\left(n \alpha x+\alpha^2 x^{2} + ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### Is this graph of reciprocal power means always convex?

Let
$$
p = (p_1, \ldots, p_n)
$$
be a finite probability distribution, which for convenience I'll assume to have no zeroes: thus, $p_i > 0$ for all $i$ and $\sum_i p_i = 1$.
Is the function
...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

560 views

### Functions that Calculate their $L_p$ Norm

are there any examples of functions $f:x\in\mathbb{R}_0^+\rightarrow\mathbb{R}_0^+$ and intervals $(a,b), 0\le a \lt b \le \infty$ , for which $$\Big(\int_a^b{|f(x)|^p dx}\Big)^\frac{1}{p} = f(p)$$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### A question on existence of solutions of a linear ODE system

I am working on a problem of harmonic functions on surfaces, and in one step I got the following system of ODEs with prescribed asymptotes. I was wondering what methods could give us the existence or ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### A multiple integral

Let us consider the multiple integral
$$I_{n}=\int_{-\infty }^{\infty }ds_{1}\int_{-\infty}^{s_{1}}ds_{2}\cdots
\int_{-\infty }^{s_{2n-1}}ds_{2n}\;\cos {(s_{1}^{2}-s_{2}^{2})}\;\cdots
\cos ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Differentiability: Partially Defined Functions

These ideas came to my mind while reading Lee's Introduction to Smooth Manifolds.
(Cf. discussion on p. 45.)
Definition
Let $E$ and $F$ be two Banach spaces together with a plain subset ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### A strong form of implicit function theorem (what happens when the derivative is degenerate?)

(this can be considered as some ad)
Consider the system of equations $F(x,y)=0$. (Here $x$, $y$ are multi-variables. The equations are over a local ring. e.g. polynomial/analytic/formal/$C^\infty$ ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

245 views

### Is a Bessel function larger than all other Bessel functions when evaluated at its first maximum?

Let $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$ be the Bessel function of order $n+1/2$. Let $x_n$ denote the first zero of its derivative, which is also the location of the first maximum of $\mathcal{J}_{n+1/2}$.
My ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### What does this ODE have to do with the associated Legendre polynomials?

I am currently struggeling with the following differential equation:
$$(t^2-1)f''(t)+tf'(t)(1-8a+8at^2)-4(a+a^2-2at^2+\phi (-a+2at^2))f(t)= 4\lambda f(t),$$
where $a \in \mathbb{R}$ constant, $\phi ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

351 views

### Spectrum of Mathieu equation

I have the differential equation $-f''(x)-q \cos(x) f(x) = \lambda f(x)$ and I want to find all the eigenvalues of this equation analytically on $[0,2\pi]$ that satisfy the boundary condition $f(0) = ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Trying to solve for total derivatives at a stationary point (maybe using the implicit function theorem)

Suppose we have a function $F(q) \in \mathbb{R}$, where $q=(q_1, \dots, q_n) \in [0,1]^n$, at least thrice differentiable in $(0,1)^n$.
We fix the value of one variable $q_i \in (0,1)$, then maximize ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### a question regarding the interchange the order of finite summation with finite integration [closed]

Question (1) What are the conditions the complex function $f_n(t)$ and real parameter $B>1$ and positive integer $N>1$ need to satisfy such that the interchange of the finite summation with ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Theorem with an example [closed]

i have this theorem
in the paper they gives an example:
but here $H_1$ is not satisfied !
How to correct it please?

**9**

votes

**1**answer

812 views

### Has anyone seen this series?

I come across the following infinite series.
$$
\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{t^n}{n!\: n^{a}}, \quad\text{for $t>0$ and $a>0$}.
$$
In particular, I am interested in the case where $a=1/4$.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

112 views

### Bound for a certain integral expression

I am working to establish an estimate in $X^{s,b}$ spaces to prove local well-posedness of a certain equation, and I need to consider some sub-cases. In particular, I wish to show that the following ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### About generalized Minkowski inequality

For which functions $f:\mathbb{R}^+ \to \mathbb{R}^+$ does the inequality
$f^{-1}\left(\sum\limits_{k=1}^n f(x_k+y_k)\right) \leq f^{-1}\left(\sum\limits_{k=1}^n f(x_k)\right) + ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Oscillatory integrals of algebraic functions

Consider an algebraic function $\phi$ on $R^{d}$.
By this I mean that there exists a polynomial $P$
with coefficients in $R[x_1,...,x_d]$ (coefficients are polynomials!)
such that $P(\phi) = 0$
Let ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

63 views

### radius of the ball where the inverse of Lipschitz maps exists

I am aware of the inverse function theorem for Lipschitz maps, which uses the notion of generalised derivative $δ_{x_0} f$ of a Lipschitz map $f$, due to F.H.Clarke:
Teorem. Let $f : U ⊂ \mathbb{R}^n ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### How to choose negative definite function $\lambda (x)$, so that $\lambda^{-1} \in L^{1}(\mathbb R)$?

We define,
$$\lambda (x) =\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^{2}x \alpha}{\alpha^{2}} d\mu (\alpha), (\mu(0)=0) $$
where $\mu (\alpha)$ is a non-decreasing function such that the integral converges for ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

531 views

### Real-rootedness, interlacing, root-bounds of a sequence of polynomials

Problem: the number $a(n,k)$ is defined by the following recurrence
\begin{equation}
a(n,k)=(k+1)(k+2)\, a(n-1, k)+\frac{(k+1)(k+2)(k+3)}{k} \,a(n-1, k-1),
\end{equation}
with $a(1,1)=1$ and ...

**26**

votes

**0**answers

916 views

### Prove that there exists $n\in\mathbb{N}$ such that $f^{(n)}$ has at least n+1 zeros on $(-1,1)$

Let $f\in C^{\infty}(\mathbb{R},\mathbb{R})$ such that $f(x)=0$ on $\mathbb{R}\setminus (-1,1)$. Prove that there exists $n\in\mathbb{N}$ such that $f^{(n)}$ has at least $n+1$ zeros on $(-1,1)$
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### Pros and cons of probability model for permutations

I am studying probability model of random permetuation
Let $b(n; k)$ denote the number of permutations of {1,...,n} with precisely k
inversions ($inv(\pi)$). The analytic approach was considered by ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Detailed Taxonomy of Multivariate Real Functions: $\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$

I want to classify the following functions:
$$ f:(x,y)\in\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\sqrt{(x+1)^2+y^2}+\sqrt{(x-1)^2+y^2}-2$$
$$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### Is there a dense rational sequence of positive separation?

Let us consider the set $\ell_\neq$ of bounded sequences of unequal real terms. We use the following descriptions. A sequence $x=(x_0,x_1,...)\in\ell_\neq$ is dense if, for all $\varepsilon>0$, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### Positive kernel property

Let $k:[0,1]^2\rightarrow (0,+\infty)$ be a continuous function and let
$f,g:[0,1]\rightarrow (0,+\infty)$ be measurable functions. We assume that
$$\forall x\in [0,1],\quad
f(x)=\int_0^1 k(x,y) g(y) ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

316 views

### The intersection of $n$ cylinders in $3$-dimensional space

A standard question in vector calculus is to calculate the volume of the shape carved out by the intersection of $2$ or $3$ perpendicular cylinders of radius $1$ in three dimensional space. Such ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Is it always possible to “encircle” exactly $n$ points in an infinite subset of $\mathbb{R}^d$ without limit points?

Let $d$ be a positive integer, and let $\mathbb{R}^d$ be endowed with the
Euclidean metric. Given an infinite set $S \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ without limit points
and a positive integer $n$, is there ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

126 views

### Pohozaev result for equations with weights

I am interested in nonnegative solutions of
$-div( e^{-\gamma(x)} \nabla u(x)) = e^{-\gamma(x)} u(x)^p$ in $\Omega$ with $ u=0$ on $ \partial \Omega$.
Or instead the equation $ -\Delta u + ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

505 views

### Relating the roots of polynomials to the solution sets of certain functional equations

Consider a functional equation of the following form:
$$\sum_{k=0}^n a_k\,\underbrace{f(f(\cdots f}_{k}(x)\cdots )=0\quad \big(f:\,\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R},\;a_i\in ...

**42**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is a function with nowhere vanishing derivatives analytic?

My question is the following: Let $f\in C^\infty(a,b)$, such that $f^{(n)}(x)\ne 0$, for every $n\in\mathbb N$, and every $x\in (a,b)$. Does that imply that $f$ is real analytic?
EDIT. According to a ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

936 views

### Generalization of Darboux's Theorem

Darboux's Theorem. If $f:[a,b]\to\mathbb R$ is differentiable and $f'(a)<\xi<f'(b)$, then there exists a $c\in (a,b)$, such that $\,f'(c)=\xi$.
Does any of the following generalizations
Let ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Alternative proof of Lojasiewicz inequality

is there a "brute force proof" of the Lojasiewicz inequality? By "brute force" i mean without introducing the machinery of semianalytic sets and so on but only using elementary results (i.e. standard ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

95 views

### Compactly supported smooth function with Laplace transform bounded on a cone

My question is if it is possible to find a compactly supported smooth function $\varphi:\mathbf{R}\to \mathbf{R}$ s.t. the following integration $\int_{\mathbf{R}}\varphi(t)e^{itx}e^{tx}dt$ stays ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

64 views

### Expressions in “continued” monotone functions

Recall continued fractions: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Continued_fraction
Now take a look at this question: ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

276 views

### Is there a differentiable but nonsmooth version of the continuous Implicit Function Theorem?

From the result discussed in Does the inverse function theorem hold for everywhere differentiable maps? (which I'll call the differentiable nonsmooth Inverse Function Theorem) one can obtain a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### A special case of the Divergence theorem

I am interested in the following statement:
Let $F$ be a vector field in $\mathbb{R}^n$ that is $C^1$-smooth in a
domain $U$, continuous up to the boundary $\partial U$, and vanishing on ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

77 views

### Representing quasianalytic functions in several variables

For functions in a quasianalytic Denjoy-Carleman class we have the property that their Taylor expansions at a point (the origin) determines the function. For classes that don't only contain analytic ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

410 views

### Is the mapping $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow [0,1], \ x \mapsto \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\lfloor x^n \rfloor \mod 2}{2^n}$ surjective?

Is the mapping
$$
f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow [0,1], \ x \mapsto \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\lfloor x^n \rfloor \mod 2}{2^n}
$$
surjective?
If not, what is its image?
If yes, what can be said about ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

81 views

### Does the difference quotient of an absolut cont. funct. converge in L^1?

Assume that $\mu$ is a finite Radon measure on the real line and $f$ is integrable wrt. $\mu$. Define
$F(x)=\int_{]\infty;t]}f(y)d\mu(y) $
Is the following statement true?
The functions ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

192 views

### specific improper integral involving erf

I have encountered an integral, and kindly ask for help with a solution. It is beyond my own capabilities, and neither Maple nor Mathematica were of any help:
$$
\int_{1}^{\infty} ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

288 views

### Is it possible to have the set $f^{-1}(\lbrace x \rbrace)$ perfect for every $x$?

There are examples of functions $f \colon [0,1] \longrightarrow [0,1]$ such that
for any $\alpha $, $f^{-1}(\lbrace \alpha \rbrace)$ is uncountable. My favorite example is $$f(r) = \limsup_n ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

198 views

### decreasing rearrangements: why the asymmetry of measure-preserving maps?

Ryff proved in 1970 that the decreasing rearrangement $f^*$ of a, say, continuous function $f:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}$ admits a measure preserving map $\phi$ such that $f=f^*\circ\phi$. In general it is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### An inequality involving multi-index

I came across these inequalities while learning about Schwartz functions (Classical Fourier Analysis, Grafakos) and I have no idea how to prove this:
For $x \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $\alpha = ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Kakeya and Nikodym maximal functions

I've been working through part of Terry Tao's 1999 article "The Bochner-Riesz Conjecture Implies the Restriction Conjecture." (It appeared in the Duke Mathematical Journal.) A little more ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

120 views

### Where find proof of such theorem about uniform convergence of differences

Where to find a proof of theorem which says that:
if a funcion $f: \mathbb R \rightarrow \mathbb R$ is bounded on a set of positive Lebesque measure or on the set of second category with Baire propert ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

214 views

### bounding the absolute value of a trigonometric polynomial

Consider a function $f:[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ and points $t_0,t_1,\ldots,t_n\in[0,1]$
\begin{equation*}
f(t)=\prod_{k=1}^n\frac{(e^{2\pi i t}-e^{2\pi i t_k})}{(e^{2\pi i t_0}-e^{2\pi i t_k})}
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

204 views

### The functional equation of Hofstadter's Q sequence

Hofstadter's Q sequence is defined by $Q(1) = Q(2) = 1$ and
$Q(n) = Q(n-Q(n-1)) + Q(n-Q(n-2))$ for $n \geq 3$. So far hardly anything
on this sequence has been proved -- not even that $Q(n)$ is ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

202 views

### “Then obviously…” (a bound on strongly differential functions on an interval)

On the fourth page of their 1967 paper Local Behavior of Solutions of Quasilinear Parabolic Equations, Aaronson and Serrin comment: "Consider a strongly differentiable function $w$ of the real ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Find a continuous function with a prescribed continuity set

It's known that for a function $f:\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ the set of points of discontinuity must be an $F_{\sigma}$.
In the book "Understanding Analysis" by Abbott is stated in page 128 ...