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42 views

### Simultaneous approximation of different functions in $L^2(\mu)$ and Hölder space

Let $\mu$ be a probability measure on the circle $S^1=\mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$ which is singular with respect to the Lebesgue measure $\lambda$. Consider the functions spaces $L^2(\mu)$ on the one hand, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Problem with operator and Fourier transform

I am currently dealing with a problem in functional analysis where I want to show the following.
Let $\phi_{k+1}(x):=\sqrt{2} \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} h(n) \phi_k(2x-n)$ and $\phi_0= \chi_{[0,1]},$
if ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

123 views

### Radial limit does not exist almost everywhere

Problem 4 in Chapter 4 of Stein's book "Real Analysis" says
$\sum_{n\geqslant 0}z^{2^n}$
doesn't have radial limit as $z$ approaches the unit circle from inside almost everywhere. It's fairly easy ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Finite trigonometric polynomial

I noticed by numerical and some explicit calculations for a few examples that for real-valued finitely supported functions $\phi \in L^2(\mathbb{R})$ we have that
$T(x):= \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} ...

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votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Is every $C^1$-domain which is homeomorphic to the unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^d$ Lipschitz equivalent to the unit ball?

Suppose we have a domain $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ which is homeomorrphic to the unit ball $B(0,1)\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ and such that $\partial \Omega$ is of class $C^1$ (technically, this means ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Is it possible to compare Sobolev space and Polish space? [on hold]

This question was asked in math.stackexchange.com
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1274873/is-it-possible-to-compare-sobolev-space-and-polish-space
I did not get any comment or reply so I am ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

59 views

### Regular curve given implicitly

Let $F:D\subseteq\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}$, $D$ open and connected set, be a $C^1 (D)$ application.
What are the minimum requirements for $F$ such that the solutions of the equation $F(x,y)=0$ are ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

25 views

### Writing a function as a sum of functions of bounded diameter

This problem is distilled from one arising in a study of complex random variables, but I've removed as much baggage as I can without (I hope) making it trivial.
Fix $D>0$. A function $f:\mathbb ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

111 views

### How to find an ODE with prescribed terminal values?

Let us consider an ODE
$$\frac{dx_t^y}{dt}=g(x_t^y),$$
where y is the initial condition i.e. $x_0^y=y$.
Now, given a function $f$ (increasing and smooth) is it possible to find $g$ (i.e. an ODE) ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

168 views

### Continuous map from connected subset of R^n to one of the real zero of an odd degree polynomial whose coefficients are polynoms of the variables

Let take a real multivariate polynomial $P(x_1, \ldots, x_n, y)$ such as the degree of P relatively to the variable $y$ is odd. Thus, for each $X = x_1,\ldots,x_n \in\mathbb{R}^n$, the univariate ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Specifying $L^p$ norms of derivatives

Given a sequence of positive numbers $\{a_n\}$ and $1 < p < \infty$, $p\neq 2$, is it possible to build a function $f\in C^\infty(\mathbb R)$ so that $\|f^{(n)}\|_{L^p(\mathbb R)} = a_n$?
For ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

27 views

### Bounds on the moments of truncated sub-gaussian random variables

If $X$ is a centered sub-gaussian random variable, then there exists a constant $c$ such that
$$
\mathbb{P}[|X|>t] \leq \exp(1-ct^2)
$$
for all $t\geq 0$. Moreover, we know that the normalized ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Henstock, Differentiation under the integral sign

Does anyone know, where I can find the proof of necessary and sufficient conditions for differentiating under the integral sign in case of Henstock integral? Here are the theorems but not all the ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

19 views

### Unknown convergence of series of non-negative terms [duplicate]

It's not hard to construct a series of non-negative terms whose convergence is not known if we base its construction on conjectures (the twin-prime conjecture for instance). For pure curiosity, I'm ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

14 views

### Convergence in $L^1$ for characteristic functions [migrated]

Consider $f\in L^1(I,I)$ where $I=[0,1]$ and $ \langle f, g\rangle =\int fg $. For any given $\frac{m}{n}\chi_{A}$ where $\frac{m}{n}$ rational and $A$ an subinterval in $I$, how would I show ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

273 views

### An indicator of a planar subset as an element of a tensor product

Denote $I=(0, 1)$, and let $\mu$ be the Lebesgue measure on $I$. Does there exist a function $f$ on $I\times I$ viewed as an element of the space $L^\infty(\mu\times\mu)$ such that
$$
f^2=f
$$
(that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Regularity in PDE theory

I stumbled over this question in the context of PDE theory and thought that maybe somebody here knows whether the following is true or not?
Let $U$ be connected,open and bounded in $\mathbb{R}^n$ ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

662 views

### Calculate in closed form $\int_0^1 \int_0^1 \frac{dx\,dy}{1-xy(1-x)(1-y)}$

The following question has a 500 points bounty on MSE that soon comes to an end, and no answer
as expected was given yet. How would a professional solve the problem? Wish you succcess.
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### The Lebesgue measure of the low level sets of the two-dimmension Fourier transform of a compactly supported function

Let $f\in {{L}^{1}}\left( {{\mathbb{R}}^{2}} \right)$ be a density function with the support $\operatorname{supp}\left( f \right)\subset \left[ a,b \right]\times \left[ c,d \right]$. Denoted by ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### A multivariate polynomial question

Split $\{0,1\}^n$ into $S_0[n],S_1[n]$ with $S_0[n]\cup S_1[n]=\{0,1\}^n$ while $S_0[n]\cap S_1[n]=\emptyset$.
For every $n$, let $f(x_1,\dots,x_n),g(x_1,\dots,x_n)\in\Bbb R[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ be ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

42 views

### Glueing smooth functions give a smooth function if reparametrized [closed]

Given $\mathbf{r}:(t_0-\varepsilon, t_0+\varepsilon)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a $C^{1}$ application, with $\mathbf{r}'(t)=(0,0)\Longleftrightarrow\ t=t_0$, and
$$\mathbf{r}(t)=\begin{cases} \mathbf{r}_1 ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

100 views

### Interesting property of analytic functions

Let $f:(t_0-\varepsilon, t_0+\varepsilon)\to\mathbb{C}$, be an analytic application, such that: $f(t)=0\Longleftrightarrow\ t=t_0$.
Is it true that there is an analytic function $g:(t_0-\varepsilon, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Local version of the Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev theorem for Riesz potentials: $\|I_\alpha(f)\|_{L^q} \le C \|f\|_{L^p}$?

Recently, I have been studying the properties of the Riesz potential
$$
I_\alpha(f)(x) = c_{d,\alpha} \int_{\mathbb R^d} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}} \, dy.
$$
The classical Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

36 views

### Convergence in an infinite matrix

Let $\omega$ be the first infinite ordinal, and let $A$ be a real $(\omega+1)\times(\omega+1)$-matrix, that is $A$ is a map $A:(\omega+1)\times(\omega+1) \to \mathbb{R}$.
Suppose that $A$ has the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Horizontal Sobolev space on Carnot group

This question is connected with my previous: Heisenberg group: function without vertical derivative.
Here I am trying to look from another side: what is a difference between Sobolev space and ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### Degree of Chebyshev polynomial necessary

In general, given $0<a<1$, I want to find a polynomial $f(x)\in\Bbb R[x]$ such that $f(x)\in[1-\frac{a}2,1+\frac{a}2]$ at every $x\in[1-a,1+a]$ and $f(0)=0$. What is minimum degree that is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Weak Morrey Spaces

As is well known, Morrey spaces are widely used to
investigate the local behavior of solutions to second order elliptic partial differential
equations. Recall that the classical Morrey spaces ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

448 views

### Degree necessary of a polynomial?

Given $-1<a<b<0$, I want to find a polynomial $f(x)\in\Bbb R[x]$ such that $f(x)\in[a,b]$ at every $x\in[b^2,a^2]$ and $f(0)=0$. What is minimum degree that is needed and maximum degree that ...

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votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Orthogonal complements of intersections of closed subspaces

Let $H$ be a Hilbert space and $H_1, \cdots, H_n$ be closed subspaces of $H$.
$\mathbf{Question}:$ Is it always true that the orthogonal complement $(H_1\cap\cdots\cap H_n)^\bot$ of the intersection ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Lagrangian flow preserves symplectic form

Let $X$ be a configuration space and $L: TX \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ a Lagrangian. Then I want to show that the Lagrangian flow $F^t(x(0),x'(0)) = (x(t),x'(t))$ preserves the symplectic form just like ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

347 views

### Positive roots of a polynomial

Let $a_i>0$, $i=1,\dots,n$, and put $\overline{a}:=\frac{1}{n}\sum_{i=1}^n a_i$. Assuming not all $a_i$'s are equal, take
$$
p(x):=\sum_{i=1}^n a_i (a_i-\overline{a})\prod_{k=1,\dots,n\;k\neq i} ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

226 views

### Heisenberg group: function without vertical derivative

Let $\mathbb H$ be Heisenberg group with vector fields
$$
X=\partial_x - \frac12y\partial_t,\quad Y=\partial_y + \frac12x\partial_t,\quad T=\partial_t
$$
and $U\subset\mathbb H$ is an open set.
I am ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Interpolation between strongly convex functions

Definition: We call $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ a $\lambda$-strongly convex function iff for every $x,y\in \mathbb{R}^d$ and $t\in [0,1]$ it follows
$$ f(tx+(1-t)y) \leq t f(x) + (1-t) f(y) ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Maximizing the discrepancy in Jensen's inequality for a certain function

Let $\underline{b}=\{b_1,\dots,b_n\}$ be a fixed sequence of positive numbers, and let $a>0$ be a parameter.
Define
$$
D(a;\underline{b}):=\frac{1}{\frac{1}{na}+\frac{1}{\sum_{i=1}^n b_i}}
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### how wiggly is a generic level set?

Typical level sets of smooth real-valued functions are manifolds, so they cannot be fractals. If we coarse grain a bit though, sometimes we get space-filling behavior, eg. every point could be within ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### random odes adapted solution

Let $\{\omega_t\}$ be a Levy process (like Brownian Motion, stable process). Consider the following random ode
$$x_t=x_0+\int_0^tb(x_s+\omega_s)ds$$
Where $b$ is a bounded continuous function (not ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Reference request: Riesz potential $I_\alpha : L^{d/\alpha} \to \rm{BMO}$?

Let us denote the Riesz potential in $\mathbb R^d$ by
$$
I_\alpha (f)(x) := c_{d, \alpha} \int_{\mathbb R^d} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}}
\, dy.$$
By the classical Hardy-Littlewood-Sobolev theorem ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Best Hölder exponents of surjective maps from the unit square to the unit cube

The Peano's square-filling curve $p:I\to I^2$ turn's out to be Hölder continuous with exponent $1/2$ on the unit interval $I$ (a quick way to see it, is to note that $p$ is a fixed point of a ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

318 views

### Introductory texts to mathematics [closed]

I am interested in texts recomendations for a 14 years old boy who wants to study more mathematics than he does at school. He seems quite talented, but his knowledge of maths is rather low. I would ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

46 views

### When is a convex program continuous in its constraint vectors?

Consider $$F(z)=\min ae^{-x}+b e^{-y} s.t. x\ge 0, y\ge 0\text{ and } x+y=z$$
I checked if this function is continuous, but it is not at $z=0$. $F(z)=2\sqrt{ab}e^{-z/2}$ when $z\ne 0$, and ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### Does this infinite sum arising from separation of variables converge?

This problem came up in a PDE where I used separation of variables to formally get a solution. Now I need to know whether that formal solution is sensible.
Let $a_k >0$ be an increasing sequence ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### Real and imaginary part of an holomorphic function

I guess this could be a very elementary question. Anyway I can not find an answer in literature.
Let $f:U\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ be an holomorphic function on an upen subset $U\subseteq\mathbb{C}$. ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

222 views

### A moment problem

Suppose $X, Y$ are two positive random variables such that $\mathbb{E}[X^\alpha] = \mathbb{E}[Y^\alpha]$ for all $\alpha \in (0, 1/2)$.
It is also known that the first moment exists for each of them, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

153 views

### Fourier coefficients of real analytic functions on an n-dimension torus

Let $(\mathbf{R}^n,\langle\;,\; \rangle)$ be the n-dimensional euclidean space endowed with the standard inner product. For a lattice $L\subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$ we let $cov(L)$ denote the covolume of ...

**48**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### When has the Borel-Cantelli heuristic been wrong?

The Borel-Cantelli lemma is very frequently used to give a heuristic for whether or not certain statements in number theory are true.
For example, it gives some evidence that there are finitely many ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Characterization of the maximizer of a function based on a parameter's value

Consider a smooth, continuously differentiable, and jointly concave function $f(x,y,z;a)$, where $x,y$ and $z$ are decision variables and $a$ is a problem parameter.
I have two optimization problems. ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

113 views

### What does the Riemann–Stieltjes integral measure? [closed]

The Riemann–Stieltjes integral is a generalization of the Riemann integral, and has a definition based on a sum analogous to the Riemann sum:
$$ S(P,f,g) =\sum_{k=1}^{n} f(x_k)\Delta g(x_k) $$
where ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Asymptotic behavior of a sequence of functions

For $n\in\mathbb{N}$ and $q\in(0,1)$, define
$$f_{n}(q):=\sum_{i_{1},i_{2},\dots,i_{n}=1}^{\infty}\frac{q^{i_1+i_2+\dots+i_n}}{(1-q^{i_1+i_2})(1-q^{i_2+i_3})\dots(1-q^{i_{n-1}+i_n})(1-q^{i_n+i_1})}.$$
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Gradient estimate of convex functions

Consider a special type of convex function $g(\cdot):\mathbb{R}^d \to \mathbb{R}_+\cup\{+\infty\}$ such that $g(x)=+\infty$ as $|x|\to \infty$. Then $g$ is differentiable almost everywhere within its ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Follow up question to: Prove that $\dfrac{g(x,u_{n})}{\left\Vert u_{n}\right\Vert ^{p-1}}\rightarrow g_{0}$ weakly in $L^{\overline{p}}$

This is a follow up question of the question Prove that $\dfrac{g(x,u_{n})}{\left\Vert u_{n}\right\Vert ^{p-1}}\rightarrow g_{0}$ weakly in $L^{\overline{p}}$
Let $\Omega
\subset
\mathbb{R}^{N}$
...